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Milk Protein

France Bellisle, Pascale Hébel, Aurée Salmon-Legagneur, Florent Vieux
This study examines the consumption of breakfast on the basis of a 7-day dietary record (Comportements et Consommations Alimentaires en France 2012⁻2013) in a representative sample of French children ( n = 426), adolescents ( n = 250), and adults ( n = 1045). A large majority of the participants were regular consumers of breakfast (5⁻7 times per week). Breakfast accounted for 17.6% of total daily energy (339.4 kcal). Breakfast was rich in carbohydrates (24% of total daily intake) and simple sugars (31% of total daily intake)...
August 9, 2018: Nutrients
Oya Berkay Karaca, Mehmet Güven
Effects of proteolytic (Neutrase, Bacillus subtilis -originate, 0.20 (P1) and 0.40 g 100 L- ¹ (P2)) and lipolytic (Piccantase A, Mucor miehei -originated, 0.05 (L1) and 0.10 g 100 L- ¹ (L2)) enzyme supplementations to cheese milk on lipolysis and proteolysis characteristics of 90-day ripened cheese samples were investigated in this study. While enzyme supplementation did not have significant effects on titratable acidity, fat and protease-peptone nitrogen ratios of cheese samples, dry matter, salt, protein, water soluble nitrogen, 12% trichloroacetic acid soluble nitrogen ratio (TCA-SN), 5% phosphotungstic acid soluble nitrogen (PTA-SN), casein nitrogen ratios, penetrometer value, total free fatty acids (TFFA) and total free amino acids (TFAA) were significantly influenced by enzyme supplementations...
August 8, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Lourdes Santiago-López, Adrián Hernández-Mendoza, Verónica Mata-Haro, Belinda Vallejo-Córdoba, Abraham Wall-Medrano, Humberto Astiazarán-García, María Del Carmen Estrada-Montoya, Aarón F González-Córdova
Currently, the effect of fermented milk on the T-helper 17 response in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) is unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of milks fermented with Lactobacillus fermentum on the Th1/Th17 response in a murine model of mild IBD. Exopolysaccharide (EPS), lactic acid (LA), and total protein (TP) contents and bacterial concentration were determined. Male C57Bl/6 mice intragastrically received either raw (FM) or pasteurized (PFM) fermented milk before and during a dextran sulfate infusion protocol...
August 8, 2018: Nutrients
Julio Plaza-Díaz, Luis Fontana, Angel Gil
Maternal milk contains compounds that may affect newborn immunity. Among these are a group of oligosaccharides that are synthesized in the mammary gland from lactose; these oligosaccharides have been termed human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs). The amount of HMOs present in human milk is greater than the amount of protein. In fact, HMOs are the third-most abundant solid component in maternal milk after lactose and lipids, and are thus considered to be key components. The importance of HMOs may be explained by their inhibitory effects on the adhesion of microorganisms to the intestinal mucosa, the growth of pathogens through the production of bacteriocins and organic acids, and the expression of genes that are involved in inflammation...
August 8, 2018: Nutrients
Huimin Zhang, Hongrui Jiang, Yongliang Fan, Zhi Chen, Mingxun Li, Yongjiang Mao, Niel A Karrow, Juan J Loor, Stephen Moore, Zhangping Yang
Mastitis is a highly prevalent disease in dairy cows that causes large economic losses. Streptococcus agalactiae is a common contagious pathogen, and a major cause of bovine mastitis. The immune response to intramammary infection with S. agalactiae in dairy cows is a very complex biological process. In order to understand the host immune response to S. agalactiae-induced mastitis, mammary gland of lactating Chinese Holstein cows was challenged with S. agalactiae via nipple tube perfusion. Visual inspection, analysis of milk somatic cell counts, histopathology and transmission electron microscopy of mammary tissue was performed to confirm S...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Wataru Sato, Chie Furuta, Keiko Matsunaga, Paluku Bahwere, Steve Collins, Kate Sadler, Peter Akomo, Chrissy Banda, Elizabeth Maganga, Sylvester Kathumba, Hitoshi Murakami
BACKGROUND: Ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) is used to treat children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Standard RUTF uses milk as the primary protein source, which makes the product expensive, and given the high worldwide SAM burden, having a less expensive effective alternative is a public health priority. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether newly developed amino acid-enriched milk-free RUTF (FSMS-RUTF) or amino acid-enriched low-milk RUTF (MSMS-RUTF) treatment could replenish plasma amino acids to levels comparable to those following standard peanut-milk RUTF (PM-RUTF) treatment and to improve understanding of the effects of treatment on anthropometric measurements...
2018: PloS One
Claire Daniels, Apryl Susi, Steve Min, Cade M Nylund
OBJECTIVES: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an inflammatory, atopic disease of the esophagus without a clear etiology. Our objective was to identify exposures and conditions in early infancy associated with the development of EoE. METHODS: A case-control study was performed using the Military Health System Database. Subjects diagnosed with EoE from October 2008 to September 2015 were matched 1:2 on age and sex. Early infant risk factors from the first six months of life were investigated...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Deepa Agarwal, Lim Mui, Emma Aldridge, Richard Mottram, James McKinney, Ian D Fisk
The impact of natural cheese and onion seasoning on the sensory perception and shelf life stability of potato crisps was studied. This study was carried out to evaluate the impact of nitrogen (N2) gas flushing on the shelf-life stability and sensory attributes of cheese & onion seasoned potato crisps. Markers of lipid oxidation and flavour volatile compounds were evaluated in sliced, unwashed, batch fried potato crisps during accelerated storage at 45 °C for 10 weeks. Volatile flavour compounds were evaluated by headspace gas analysis using solid phase microextraction (SPME) GC-MS and correlated with sensory perception...
August 10, 2018: Food & Function
Clara L Garcia-Rodenas, Carlos A De Castro, Rosemarie Jenni, Sagar K Thakkar, Lydie Beauport, Jean-François Tolsa, Céline J Fischer-Fumeaux, Michael Affolter
BACKGROUND: Proteins are major contributors to the beneficial effects of human milk (HM) on preterm infant health and development. Alpha-lactalbumin, lactoferrin, serum albumin and caseins represent approximately 85% of the total HM protein. The temporal changes of these proteins in preterm (PT) HM and its comparison with term (T) HM is poorly characterized. AIMS: To quantify and compare the temporal changes of the major proteins in PT HM and T HM. METHODS: HM was collected for 4 months postpartum at 12 time points for PT HM (gestational age 28 0/7-32 6/7 weeks; 280 samples) and for 2 months postpartum at 8 time points for T HM (gestational age 37 0/7-41 6/7 weeks; 220 samples)...
July 26, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Ercan Küçükosmanoğlu, Evrim Özen, Sevgi Bilgiç Eltan, Mehmet Yaşar Özkars, Özlem Keskin
Objective Cow's milk allergy is the most common food allergy in childhood. Changes occur in the protein structure of milk during yogurt fermentation. This study aimed to determine whether children who are diagnosed with a cow's milk allergy can tolerate yogurt. Methods We performed a yogurt challenge test on 34 children who were diagnosed with a cow's milk allergy in our Pediatric Allergy Outpatient Clinic. The mean age of 24 male and 10 female children was 24 ± 13 months. Results A reaction was observed in 17 (50%) patients, whereas no reaction was observed in the other 17 (50%) during an oral yogurt challenge test that was performed in all of the 34 patients with a cow's milk allergy...
August 9, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
B E Young, C Levek, R M Reynolds, M C Rudolph, P MacLean, T L Hernandez, J E Friedman, N F Krebs
OBJECTIVE: To model breastfed infant growth and body composition patterns over the first 4 months with multiple bioactive components of human milk (HM) and clinical factors (including maternal BMI status), which are related to growth. METHODS: Longitudinal observation of infant growth and body composition from 0 to 4 months among 41 predominantly breastfed infants (25 mothers of Normal-weight and 16 mothers with overweight/obesity). Fasted morning HM samples were collected at 5 time-points...
August 9, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
Bruna Stevanato Higuchi, Nathália Rodrigues, Marina Ignácio Gonzaga, João Carlos Cicogna Paiolo, Nadine Stefanutto, Wellington Pine Omori, Daniel Guariz Pinheiro, João Luiz Brisotti, Euclides Matheucci, Vânia Sammartino Mariano, Gislane Lelis Vilela de Oliveira
Intestinal dysbiosis associated with immunological deregulation, leaky gut, bacterial translocation, and systemic inflammation has been associated with autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes (T1D). The aim of this study was to investigate the intestinal dysbiosis in T1D patients and correlate these results with clinical parameters and cytokines. The present study was approved by the Barretos Cancer Hospital (Process number 903/2014), and all participants have signed the informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, and answered a questionnaire about dietary habits...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Dan Li, Yan Ji, Chunlan Zhao, Yapeng Yao, Anlan Yang, Honghong Jin, Yang Chen, Mingjun San, Jing Zhang, Mingjiao Zhang, Luqing Zhang, Xuechao Feng, Yaowu Zheng
Oxytocin receptor (OXTR) is a G-protein coupled receptor and known for regulation of maternal and social behaviors. Null mutation (Oxtr-/-) leads to defects in lactation due to impaired milk ejection and maternal nurturing. Overexpression of OXTR has never been studied. To define the functions of OXTR overexpression, a transgenic mouse model that overexpresses mouse Oxtr under β-actin promoter was developed (++Oxtr). ++Oxtr mice displayed advanced development and maturation of mammary gland, including ductal distention, enhanced secretory differentiation and early milk production at non-pregnancy and early pregnancy...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Endocrinology
Ayesha Aziz, Mehak Pervaiz, Ayesha Khalid, Ayesha Zahid Khan, Ghazala Rafique
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in Pakistan has remained an unresolved issue for decades. Data on nutrient intake and variety in children's diet is lacking. AIM: This paper describes the dietary practices of school children across eight districts of Sindh. METHODS: A school-based survey of dietary practices among 1109 students from classes 2-5 in 36 schools was conducted using a pre-tested interviewer-completed questionnaire. RESULTS: Descriptive and comparative analysis of data showed that more than 75% school children ate breakfast, lunch and dinner regularly...
August 8, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Mengqi Wang, Hailiang Song, Xiaorui Zhu, Shiyu Xing, Meirong Zhang, Huimin Zhang, Xiaolong Wang, Zhangping Yang, Xiangdong Ding, Niel A Karrow, Sven König, Yongjiang Mao
The research reported in this Research Communication aimed to describe the influence of Toll-like receptor 4 gene polymorphisms on milk production traits in Chinese Holstein cows. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is an important member of the toll-like receptor gene family that is widely found in various organisms. Since TLR4 can identify molecular patterns from various pathogenic microorganisms and induce natural and acquired immunity, it plays an important role in disease resistance in dairy cows. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TLR4 (c...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
Jianfa Wang, Xu Zhang, Xianjing He, Bin Yang, Hai Wang, Xufei Shan, Chunqiu Li, Dongbo Sun, Rui Wu
Sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1) has a central regulatory effect on milk fat synthesis. Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) can induce mastitis and cause milk fat depression in cows. SREBP1 is also known to be associated with inflammatory regulation. Thus, in the current study, we hypothesized that LPS-induced milk fat depression in dairy cow mammary epithelial cells (DCMECs) operates via decreased SREBP1 expression and activity. To examine the hypothesis, DCMECs were isolated and purified from dairy cow mammary tissue and treated with LPS (10 µg/ml)...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
Evrydiki Armaou, Panagiotis Simitzis, Panagiota Koutsouli, Evagelia Zoidou, Theofilos Massouras, Michael Goliomytis, Iosif Bizelis, Ioannis Politis
The majority of the work today regarding the effects of extended milking intervals has focused on dairy cattle and only to a limited extent on dairy goats and sheep. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different non-milking intervals on milk yield and composition, mammary physiology and welfare indices in dairy ewes. Thirty-six multiparous ewes in late lactation were allocated to one of four groups of nine and subjected to 24, 48 or 72 h of non-milking or normal milking interval (12 h) (group A, B, C and D, respectively)...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
Karolina Wanat, Elzbieta Brzezinska, Anna W Sobanska
In recent decades, drug-protein interactions have been widely studied and several methods of analysis of these phenomena have been developed and improved, These can be classified into separation, physical, chromatographic and electrophoretic methods. This review depicts the assumptions and mechanisms of methods from each group, details their strengths and weaknesses, and presents examples of their usage from the literature. Equilibrium dialysis, ultrafiltration, Hummel-Dreyer method or high performance affinity chromatography are given as representative examples, but this issue is far more expanded...
August 8, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Xianli Wu, Robert T Jackson, Saira A Khan, Jaspreet Ahuja, Pamela R Pehrsson
Human milk is considered to be the ideal food for infants. Accurate, representative, and up-to-date nutrient composition data of human milk are crucial for the management of infant feeding, assessment of infant and maternal nutritional needs, and as a guide for developing infant formula. Currently in the United States, the nutrient profiles of human milk can be found in the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, and in books or review articles. Nonetheless, these resources all suffer major drawbacks, such as being outdated, incomplete profiles, limited sources of data, and uncertain data quality...
July 2018: Current developments in nutrition
Birendra Kumar Paikra, Hemant Kumar J Dhongade, Bina Gidwani
Moringa oleifera Lam . or munga is one of the most important plant widely cultivated in India. It belongs to family Moringaceae. This plant is widely used as nutritional herb and contains valuable pharmacological action like anti-asthmatic, anti-diabetic, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, anti- fertility, anti-cancer, anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, cardiovascular, anti-ulcer, CNS activity, anti-allergic, wound healing, analgesic, and antipyretic activity, Moringa oleifera Lam . The plant is also known as Horse - radish tree, Drumstick tree...
September 2017: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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