keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vagina

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352230/histology-immunohistochemistry-and-in-situ-hybridization-reveal-overlooked-ebola-virus-target-tissues-in-the-ebola-virus-disease-guinea-pig-model
#1
Timothy K Cooper, Louis Huzella, Joshua C Johnson, Oscar Rojas, Sri Yellayi, Mei G Sun, Sina Bavari, Amanda Bonilla, Randy Hart, Peter B Jahrling, Jens H Kuhn, Xiankun Zeng
Survivors of Ebola virus infection may become subclinically infected, but whether animal models recapitulate this complication is unclear. Using histology in combination with immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization in a retrospective review of a guinea pig confirmation-of-virulence study, we demonstrate for the first time Ebola virus infection in hepatic oval cells, the endocardium and stroma of the atrioventricular valves and chordae tendinae, satellite cells of peripheral ganglia, neurofibroblasts and Schwann cells of peripheral nerves and ganglia, smooth muscle cells of the uterine myometrium and vaginal wall, acini of the parotid salivary glands, thyroid follicular cells, adrenal medullary cells, pancreatic islet cells, endometrial glandular and surface epithelium, and the epithelium of the vagina, penis and, prepuce...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350275/value-of-transperineal-ultrasound-on-the-observation-of-paravaginal-support
#2
Chaoran Dou, Qin Li, Tao Ying, Wen Shui, Yulin Yan, Yijia Luo, Xia Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of three-dimensional (3D) transperineal ultrasound on the observation of paravaginal support in nulliparous and postpartum women. METHODS: Volume datasets were acquired in 50 nulliparous and 100 postpartum women using 3D transperineal ultrasound. Paravaginal supports were observed by studying the vaginal cross-sectional morphology. The extent of paravaginal support in specific level were evaluated by counting out at a 2 mm interval in tomographic ultrasound imaging mode in all subjects...
January 19, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348871/radiation-therapy-for-stage-iva-uterine-cervical-cancer-treatment-outcomes-including-prognostic-factors-and-risk-of-vesicovaginal-and-rectovaginal-fistulas
#3
Masaharu Hata, Izumi Koike, Etsuko Miyagi, Reiko Numazaki, Mikiko Asai-Sato, Hisashi Kaizu, Yuki Mukai, Shoko Takano, Eiko Ito, Madoka Sugiura, Tomio Inoue
Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of radiation therapy for stage IVA uterine cervical cancer and to identify an optimal radiation regimen. Results: Seventeen of the 28 patients developed recurrence after radiation therapy (local recurrence in 10 and distant metastasis in 12). The local control and distant metastasis-free rates at 3 years in all patients were 61% and 49%, respectively. Fourteen patients died after radiation therapy, and all but 2 died of tumor progression...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343577/cellular-and-humoral-immunity-protect-against-vaginal-zika-virus-infection-in-mice
#4
Jason M Scott, Tania J Lebratti, Justin M Richner, Xiaoping Jiang, Estefania Fernandez, Haiyan Zhao, Daved H Fremont, Michael S Diamond, Haina Shin
Zika virus (ZIKV), which can cause devastating disease in fetuses of infected pregnant women, can be transmitted by mosquito inoculation and sexual routes. Little is known about immune protection against sexually transmitted ZIKV. In this study, we show that previous infection through intravaginal or subcutaneous routes with a contemporary Brazilian strain of ZIKV can protect against subsequent intravaginal challenge with a homologous strain. Both routes of inoculation induced high titers of ZIKV-specific and neutralizing antibody in serum and the vaginal lumen...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340028/high-resolution-microbiome-profiling-uncovers-fusobacterium-nucleatum-lactobacillus-gasseri-johnsonii-and-lactobacillus-vaginalis-associated-to-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-in-saliva-from-hpv-positive-and-hpv-negative-patients-treated-with-surgery-and-chemo
#5
Rafael Guerrero-Preston, James Robert White, Filipa Godoy-Vitorino, Arnold Rodríguez-Hilario, Kelvin Navarro, Herminio González, Christina Michailidi, Anne Jedlicka, Sierra Canapp, Jessica Bondy, Amanda Dziedzic, Barbara Mora-Lagos, Gustavo Rivera-Alvarez, Carmen Ili-Gangas, Priscilla Brebi-Mieville, William Westra, Wayne Koch, Hyunseok Kang, Luigi Marchionni, Young Kim, David Sidransky
Microbiome studies show altered microbiota in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), both in terms of taxonomic composition and metabolic capacity. These studies utilized a traditional bioinformatics methodology, which allows for accurate taxonomic assignment down to the genus level, but cannot accurately resolve species level membership. We applied Resphera Insight, a high-resolution methodology for 16S rRNA taxonomic assignment that is able to provide species-level context in its assignments of 16S rRNA next generation sequencing (NGS) data...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336106/best-practice-perioperative-strategies-and-surgical-techniques-for-preventing-caesarean-section-surgical-site-infections-a-systematic-review-of-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#6
Elizabeth K Martin, Michael M Beckmann, Louise N Barnsbee, Kate A Halton, Katharina M D Merollini, Nicholas Graves
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) following caesarean section is a problem for women and health services. Caesarean section is a high volume procedure and the estimated incidence of SSI may be as high as 9%. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify a suite of perioperative strategies and surgical techniques that reduce the risk of SSI following caesarean section. SEARCH STRATEGY: Six electronic databases were searched to systematically review literature reviews, systematic reviews and meta-analyses published from 2006 to 2016...
January 16, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330268/pelvic-and-buttock-hypoplasia-reconstructed-with-anatomical-breast-implants
#7
Felicity Page, Ayad Harb, Garth Titley
Radiation therapy is used in the management of a number of childhood cancers and can have significant effects on skeletal growth. We present the case of a 35-year-old woman who developed a hypoplastic pelvis and buttocks following radiotherapy for rhabdomyosarcoma of the vagina at the age of 2. At the age of 25, the patient underwent bilateral buttock augmentation with a two-stage reconstruction using tissue expansion followed by definitive augmentation with anatomical breast implant insertion. The patient continues to have a satisfactory outcome 10 years following reconstruction, having undergone a single uplift procedure and exchange of implants through the original incision 9 years postoperatively...
January 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327629/the-masculine-vaginal-working-with-queer-men-s-embodiment-at-the-transgender-edge
#8
Griffin Hansbury
Turning away from the conspicuous phenomena of transgender experience, with an eye toward locating and illuminating the transgender edge in cisgender, this paper explores the relationship between men and the Vaginal, both material and fantasized. Positing the Vaginal as a counterpart to the Phallic allows a delinkage of vaginal psychic and embodied states from the strictly female so that, like the Phallic, they can be accessed by people of all genders and sexes. This concept goes beyond the conceptual to the fleshy, embodied experience of many transgender men, who live in whole, partial, and/or temporary "female" bodies...
December 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321155/plasminogen-replacement-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-children-and-adults-with-congenital-plasminogen-deficiency
#9
Amy D Shapiro, Charles Nakar, Joseph M Parker, Gary R Albert, John E Moran, Karen Thibaudeau, Neelam Thukral, Brandon M Hardesty, Pierre Laurin, Per Morten Sandset
Congenital plasminogen deficiency is caused by mutation(s) in PLG, the gene coding for production of the zymogen plasminogen, and is an ultra-rare disorder associated with abnormal accumulation or growth of fibrin-rich pseudomembranous lesions on mucous membranes, such as the conjunctiva, gingiva, and linings of the airways and genitourinary tract. Left untreated, these lesions may impair normal tissue and organ function, and impact quality of life. Plasminogen replacement therapy should provide an effective treatment of the clinical manifestations of congenital plasminogen deficiency...
January 10, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320327/atypical-sites-of-deeply-infiltrative-endometriosis-clinical-characteristics-and-imaging-findings
#10
Luciana P Chamié, Duarte Miguel Ferreira Rodrigues Ribeiro, Dario A Tiferes, Augusto Cesar de Macedo Neto, Paulo C Serafini
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue that is located outside the uterine cavity and associated with fibrosis and inflammatory reaction. It is a polymorphic and multifocal disease with no known cure or preventive mechanisms. Patients may be asymptomatic or may experience chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, or infertility. The pelvic cavity is the most common location for endometriotic implants, which usually affect the retrocervical space, ovaries, vagina, rectosigmoid colon, bladder dome, and round ligaments...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313089/first-delivery-and-ovariectomy-affect-biomechanical-and-structural-properties-of-the-vagina-in-the-ovine-model
#11
Iva Urbankova, Geertje Callewaert, Silvia Blacher, Dries Deprest, Lucie Hympanova, Andrew Feola, Laurent De Landsheere, Jan Deprest
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Animal models are useful for investigating the genesis of pelvic floor dysfunction and for developing novel therapies for its treatment. There is a need for an alternative large-animal model to the nonhuman primate. Therefore we studied the effects of the first vaginal delivery, ovariectomy and systemic hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) on the biomechanical and structural properties of the ovine vagina. METHODS: We examined the gross anatomical properties of nulliparous, primiparous, ovariectomized multiparous, and ovariectomized hormone-replaced multiparous sheep (six animals per group)...
January 8, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311525/evaluating-the-electrical-impedance-and-mucus-related-gene-expression-of-uterine-endometrial-tissues-in-mares
#12
Kohta Kikuchi, Keisuke Kozai, Takuo Hojo, Miki Sakatani, Kiyoshi Okuda, Hanako Bai, Manabu Kawahara, Masashi Takahashi
We investigated the electrical impedance of the reproductive tracts (vagina and uterine endometrial tissues) and the expression of mucus-related genes to identify the stage of the estrous cycle in mares. We first examined vaginal impedance in native Hokkaido mares during their estrous cycle and found no significant differences. However, impedance levels tended to decrease towards ovulation. Furthermore, we investigated the estrous cycle by measuring the electrical impedance of the uterine endometrial tissues obtained from carcasses of mares...
January 7, 2018: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310363/perianal-atypical-leiomyoma-a-case-report
#13
Pingliang Sun, Hailing Ou, Shen Huang, Longxiang Wei, Sen Zhang, Jiali Liu, Shuguang Geng, Kun Yang
RATIONALE: Reports on perianal atypical leiomyoma, a perianal tumor, are rare. We confirmed a perianal atypical leiomyoma by its clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging findings, and immunohistochemistry. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 28-year-old female with a perianal mass found more than 4 years ago. The 5cm_4cm_4cm sized mass was located on the left side of the anus and vagina; The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan revealed: A 4.1cm × 5.2cm × 4...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308376/vaginal-stump-ligation-for-cervical-cancer
#14
Yanling Yang, Yang Liu, Guilin Li, Lei Li, Peng Geng, Hongjuan Song
Background: We aimed to investigate the effect of vaginal stump ligation in laparoscopic cervical cancer surgery on the prevention of cancer cell detachment. Methods: The study was conducted from 2010 to 2015, in Xuzhou Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, Jiangsu Province, China. Seventeen cases of laparoscopic surgery of cervical cancer in control group were observed, and the vaginal stump was irrigated with normal saline after the operation and the washing fluid was searched for cancer cells...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307128/immature-ovarian-teratoma-in-two-heifers
#15
Augusto Carluccio, Maria Teresa Zedda, Alberto Contri, Alessia Gloria, Domenico Robbe, Ippolito De Amicis, Salvatore Pau
A 15 months-old Simmental heifer (SH) and a 18 months-old Marchigiana heifer (MH) were referred to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Teramo (Italy). In the rst heifer, clinical examination of the vulva, vestibulum, and vagina showed no signs of disease and no discharge was detected. Palpation per rectum revealed a mass in the left portion of the abdominal cavity, closely attached to the tip of the left uterine horn. The mass was mainly rm and brous and its surface was slightly lobulated. The second heifer had a history of a regular cycle from the 11th to the 14th month of age followed by an anoestrus state...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305501/lactobacillus-deficient-vaginal-microbiota-dominate-post-partum-women-in-rural-malawi
#16
Ronan Doyle, Austridia Gondwe, Yue-Mei Fan, Kenneth Maleta, Per Ashorn, Nigel Klein, Kathryn Harris
The bacterial community found in the vagina is an important determinant of a woman's health and disease. A healthy vaginal microbiota is associated with a lower species richness and high proportions of one of a number of different Lactobacillus spp.. When disrupted the resulting abnormal vaginal microbiota is associated with a number of disease states and poor pregnancy outcomes. Studies up until now have concentrated on relatively small numbers of American and European populations which may not capture the full complexity of the community, nor adequately predict what constitutes a healthy microbiota in all populations...
January 5, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303407/vaginoplasty-with-acellular-dermal-matrix-after-radical-resection-for-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix
#17
Zhi Wang, Jiuzuo Huang, Ang Zeng, Ming Wu, Xiaojun Wang
Various methods are available for vaginoplasty, but many of them have the drawbacks including surgical complexity and postoperative pain at the donor site. We herein evaluated the outcomes of vaginoplasty using tissue-engineered biomaterial graft. This study included 16 early stage cervical cancer patients who received curative surgery in combination with radiotherapy. They underwent vaginoplasty with tissue-engineered biological material, acellular dermal matrix (ADM). After treatment, a vaginal dilator was advised to be used for 6 months to prevent contraction of vagina...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290215/predictors-for-dislodgment-of-vaginal-pessary-within-one-year-in-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#18
Rachel Y K Cheung, Loreta L L Lee, Tony K H Chung, Symphorosa S C Chan
OBJECTIVES: To identify clinical risk factors for dislodgment of vaginal pessary within one year in women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study which recruited consecutive women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse in a tertiary urogynecology center. Basic demographics, clinical symptoms and staging of pelvic organ prolapse were assessed. A vaginal pessary was offered where appropriate. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographics and clinical parameters were compared between women who were able to use a vaginal pessary for one year and those whose pessaries were dislodged within one year...
February 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290193/spectrum-of-gynecological-malignancies-at-jamshoro
#19
Naheed Parveen, Raheel Sikander, Majida, Shaheen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency and spectrum of different types of gynecological malignancies. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, from January 2014 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: All patients with gynecological malignancies, admitted at the study place, whether previously diagnosed or need to establish the diagnosis on the basis of EUA, biopsy, staging and for surgery during the study period were included...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288706/improved-vaginal-retention-and-enhanced-antifungal-activity-of-miconazole-microsponges-gel-formulation-development-and-in-vivo-therapeutic-efficacy-in-rats
#20
Salwa Salah, Ghada E A Awad, Amal I A Makhlouf
Traditional azole antifungal formulations suffer from poor retention in the vaginal cavity, irritation and burning of the vaginal area. In the present work, we aim at the development of a novel miconazole (MCZ) microsponges gel as an attractive dosage form for vaginal candidiasis. The proposed formula has the potential to minimize the local side effects of the drug due to the controlled release characteristic, which increases patient compliance. Moreover, the mucosal retention effect of the microsponges in addition to the bioadhesion property of Carbopol gel prolongs the retention of the dosage form in the vagina and consequently improves the therapeutic efficiency...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
keyword
keyword
15965
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"