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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738467/-epidemiological-survey-of-prevalence-of-hiv-infection-syphilis-and-hepatitis-c-in-female-sex-workers-and-other-6-risk-populations-in-tibet-autonomous-region
#1
S Lu, Y Cui, W Guo, D M Li, J Sun
Objective: To understand the prevalence of HIV infection, syphilis and hepatitis C and related behavioral factors in female sex workers (FSWs) and other 6 risk populations in Tibet Autonomous Region. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2 000 FSWs, 200 men who have sex with men (MSM), 200 drug users, 1 200 male migrants, 5 600 young students, as well as hospital patients and pregnant women in Lhasa, Qamdo, Nyingchi, Xigaze Shannan, Ali and Nagqum from June to December 2015. Face to face interviews were conducted to collect their demographic and behavioral information, and blood samples were collected for the tests of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738463/-a-cross-sectional-study-on-dyslipidemia-in-migrants-in-inner-mongolia-autonomous-region
#2
T Zhang, Q Zhou, Y G Qian, J Zhou, S J Wu, P Y Wang, A P Liu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of dyslipidemia in migrants in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Methods: A stratified multi-stage cluster equal size sampling was performed among the migrants aged ≥18 years who were engaged in manufacturing, wholesale retail, accommodation and catering service, social service, construction and other and 1 501 migrants from five area in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was investigated by means of questionnaires survey, physical measurements and laboratory detection...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738384/sweet-taste-perception-and-dental-caries-in-13-to-15-year-olds-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#3
H Ashi, C Lara-Capi, G Campus, G Klingberg, P Lingström
Dietary habits and, in particular, the intake frequency of sucrose are of major importance for the development of dental caries. The perception of sweet taste is believed to have an influence on sucrose intake and therefore affects the predisposition to dental caries. The aim was to study the caries experience and sweet taste perception and to further analyze the possible relationship between the 2 tested variables in 13- to 15-year-old children from 3 different geographical areas. A cross-sectional survey comprising 669 children (220 Italian, 224 Mexican, and 225 Saudi Arabian) was conducted...
July 25, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738292/u-shaped-relationship-between-depression-and-body-mass-index-in-the-korean-adults
#4
J-H Lee, S K Park, J-H Ryoo, C-M Oh, J-M Choi, R S McIntyre, R B Mansur, H Kim, S Hales, J Y Jung
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have examined the relationship between depression and obesity, it is still insufficient to establish the specific pattern of relationship between depression and body mass index (BMI) categories. Thus, this study was aimed to investigate the relationship between depression and BMI categories. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted for a cohort of 159,390 Korean based on Kangbuk Samsung Health Study (KSHS). Study participants were classified into 5 groups by Asian-specific cut-off of BMI (18...
June 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738203/early-detection-monitoring-for-aquatic-non-indigenous-species-optimizing-surveillance-incorporating-advanced-technologies-and%C3%A2-identifying-research-needs
#5
REVIEW
Anett S Trebitz, Joel C Hoffman, John A Darling, Erik M Pilgrim, John R Kelly, Emily A Brown, W Lindsay Chadderton, Scott P Egan, Erin K Grey, Syed A Hashsham, Katy E Klymus, Andrew R Mahon, Jeffrey L Ram, Martin T Schultz, Carol A Stepien, James C Schardt
Following decades of ecologic and economic impacts from a growing list of nonindigenous and invasive species, government and management entities are committing to systematic early- detection monitoring (EDM). This has reinvigorated investment in the science underpinning such monitoring, as well as the need to convey that science in practical terms to those tasked with EDM implementation. Using the context of nonindigenous species in the North American Great Lakes, this article summarizes the current scientific tools and knowledge - including limitations, research needs, and likely future developments - relevant to various aspects of planning and conducting comprehensive EDM...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737297/correlates-of-frailty-phenotype-and-frailty-index-and-their-associations-with-clinical-outcomes
#6
G Guaraldi, A Malagoli, O Theou, T D Brothers, Lmk Wallace, R Torelli, C Mussini, S Sartini, S A Kirkland, K Rockwood
OBJECTIVES: Frailty is a predictor of adverse health outcomes and can be measured across the life course, including among people living with HIV. The purpose of this study was to examine two commonly used measures of frailty - the frailty index (FI) and frailty phenotype - to assess common characteristics and to describe associations with multimorbidity, falls, and disability in people aging with HIV. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study including 482 consecutive HIV-infected patients (mean age 53...
July 24, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737122/preserved-heart-function-after-left-ventricular-pressure-overload-in-adult-mice-subjected-to-neonatal-cardiac-hypoplasia
#7
K Heinecke, A Heuser, F Blaschke, C Jux, L Thierfelder, J-D Drenckhahn
Intrauterine growth restriction in animal models reduces heart size and cardiomyocyte number at birth. Such incomplete cardiomyocyte endowment is believed to increase susceptibility toward cardiovascular disease in adulthood, a phenomenon referred to as developmental programming. We have previously described a mouse model of impaired myocardial development leading to a 25% reduction of cardiomyocyte number in neonates. This study investigated the response of these hypoplastic hearts to pressure overload in adulthood, applied by abdominal aortic constriction (AAC)...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737026/misconceptions-of-spanish-general-practitioners-attitudes-toward-the-management-of-urinary-tract-infections-and-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-an-internet-based-questionnaire-study
#8
C Llor, A Moragas, S Hernández, S Crispi, J M Cots
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis and management of urinary tract infections (UTI) vary widely across countries and practices. The objective of this study was to gain insight into general practitioners' (GP) perceptions on the current management of UTIs and asymptomatic bacteriuria in Spain. METHODS: Cross-sectional, internet-based questionnaire study answered from July to September 2013. GPs affiliated with the largest Spanish scientific society in primary care (Sociedad Española de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria) were invited to participate in the study...
July 24, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736965/symptom-burden-as-a-driver-of-decisional-regret-in-long-term-oropharyngeal-carcinoma-survivors
#9
Ryan P Goepfert, C David Fuller, G Brandon Gunn, Ehab Y Hanna, Jan S Lewin, Jhankruti S Zaveri, Rachel M Hubbard, Martha P Barrow, Katherine A Hutcheson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize decisional regret and its association with symptom burden in a large cohort of oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC) survivors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 1729 OPC survivors. Survey items included a multisymptom inventory and a validated decisional regret inventory. Associations between regret and symptom scores were analyzed to determine and rank symptom drivers of decisional regret. RESULTS: Nine hundred seventy-two patients responded reporting a low level of decisional regret overall, although 15...
July 24, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736875/assessment-of-unilateral-ureter-obstruction-with-multi-parametric-mri
#10
Feng Wang, Keiko Takahashi, Hua Li, Zhongliang Zu, Ke Li, Junzhong Xu, Raymond C Harris, Takamune Takahashi, John C Gore
PURPOSE: Quantitative multi-parametric MRI (mpMRI) methods may allow the assessment of renal injury and function in a sensitive and objective manner. This study aimed to evaluate an array of MRI methods that exploit endogenous contrasts including relaxation rates, pool size ratio (PSR) derived from quantitative magnetization transfer (qMT), chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST), nuclear Overhauser enhancement (NOE), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) for their sensitivity and specificity in detecting abnormal features associated with kidney disease in a murine model of unilateral ureter obstruction (UUO)...
July 24, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736871/inequitable-health-service-use-in-a-canadian-paediatric-population-a-cross-sectional-study-of-individual-and-contextual-level-factors
#11
C Holtz, J Gilliland, A Thind, P Wilk, M K Campbell
BACKGROUND: Health service use may be influenced by multilevel predisposing, enabling, and need factors but is equitable when driven by need. The study's objectives were as follows: (a) to investigate residential context's effect on child health service use and (b) to examine inequity of child health service use by testing for effect measure modification of need factors. METHODS: The sample of 1,451 children was from a prenatal cohort recruited from London, Ontario, between 2002 and 2004, with follow-up until children were toddler/preschooler-aged...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736678/rapid-assessment-zika-virus-knowledge-among-clinical-specialists-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Chee F Yung, Clarence C Tam, Victor S Rajadurai, Jerry Ky Chan, Mabel Sf Low, Yong H Ng, Koh C Thoon, Lay K Tan
INTRODUCTION: We report the results of a rapid assessment of Zika virus awareness among key clinical specialties in Singapore. METHODS: Between June 6 and June 19, 2016 we conducted an online survey of doctors working in obstetrics and gynaecology, neonatology and paediatrics in Singapore. The survey included 15 multiple choice questions to measure respondents' knowledge of Zika virus in four domains covering clinical and public health. RESULTS: A total of 110 survey responses (15% response rate) were obtained, 82% of respondents worked in the public sector...
May 3, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736604/comparison-between-three-glass-fiber-post-cementation-techniques
#13
Guido Migliau, Luca Piccoli, Stefano Di Carlo, Giorgio Pompa, Laith Konstantinos Besharat, Marco Dolci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this experimental study was to compare the traditional cement systems with those of the latest generation, to assess if indeed these could represent of viable substitutes in the cementation of indirect restorations, and in the specific case of endodontic posts. METHODS: The assessment of the validity of the cementing methods was performed according to the test of the push-out, conducted on sections obtained from the roots of treated teeth. The samples were divided into three groups...
January 2017: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736565/urinary-osteopontin-predicts-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-while-plasma-osteopontin-predicts-cardiovascular-death-in-elderly-men
#14
Tobias Feldreich, Axel C Carlsson, Johanna Helmersson-Karlqvist, Ulf Risérus, Anders Larsson, Lars Lind, Johan Ärnlöv
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The matricellular protein osteopontin is involved in the pathogenesis of both kidney and cardiovascular disease. However, whether circulating and urinary osteopontin levels are associated with the risk of these diseases is less studied. DESIGN SETTING PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: A community-based cohort of elderly men (Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men [ULSAM]; n = 741; mean age: 77 years) was used to study the associations between plasma and urinary osteopontin, incident chronic kidney disease, and the risk of cardiovascular death during a median of 8 years of follow-up...
June 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736445/dietary-fat-and-total-energy-intake-modifies-the-effect-of-genetic-profile-risk-score-on-obesity-evidence-from-48-170-uk-biobank-participants
#15
C A Celis-Morales, D M Lyall, S Gray, L Steell, J Anderson, S Iliodromiti, P Welsh, Y Guo, F Petermann, D F Mackay, M E S Bailey, J Pell, J M R Gill, N Sattar
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a multifactorial condition influenced by both genetics and lifestyle. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the association between a validated genetic profile risk score for obesity (GPRS-obesity) and body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) was modified by macronutrient intake in a large general population study. METHODS: This study included cross-sectional data from 48 170 white European adults, aged 37-73 years, participating on the UK Biobank...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736121/potential-of-circulatory-procalcitonin-as-a-biomarker-reflecting-inflammation-among-south-indian-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#16
Dhamodharan Umapathy, Sireesh Dornadula, Arvind Rajagopalan, Narayana Murthy, Vairamani Mariappanadar, Rajesh Kesavan, Ramkumar Kunka Mohanram
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), the major complication associated with diabetes mellitus, has been shown to precede amputation in up to 90% of cases. Recent data reveal that procalcitonin (PCT) is a valid marker for the diagnosis of bacterial infections compared with traditional markers like white blood cell count, C-reactive protein levels, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in DFU patients. Furthermore, cytokines are proposed to act as modulators and mediators for the expression and release of PCT into the circulation...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735992/global-performance-status-score-a-new-tool-to-assess-physical-performance-in-kidney-transplant-patients
#17
P Esposito, F Furini, M Gregorini, E F Pattonieri, V Corradetti, E La Porta, E Caramella, M Calatroni, L Petrucci, C Klersy, T Rampino
BACKGROUND: Information on physical performance in renal transplantation is limited because of the shortage of specifically designed evaluation instruments. Therefore, we elaborated and validated the Global Performance Status (GloPerSta) score to provide a new and comprehensive tool, exploring the different components of physical performance in kidney transplant patients. METHODS: We elaborated the GloPerSta score on the basis of the data obtained from a cross-sectional study, in which we evaluated the physical performance of a cohort of kidney transplant patients...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735985/attitude-and-impact-factors-toward-organ-transplantation-and-donation-among-transplantation-nurses-in-china
#18
J-F Xie, C-Y Wang, G-P He, Y-Z Ming, Q-Q Wan, J Liu, L-N Gong, L-F Liu
BACKGROUND: Health workers' awareness and knowledge of transplantation medicine can improve people's sensitivity and reduce their degree of opposition to donations. The medical literature contains numerous examples of attitudes toward organ transplantation and donation aimed at university students or medical staff members, but rarely for transplantation nurses. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of the study were to investigate the attitudes toward organ transplantation and donation among transplantation nurses and to explore the impact factors...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735892/clinical-and-echocardiographic-correlates-of-left-atrial-function-index-the-framingham-offspring-study
#19
Mayank Sardana, Gregory Nah, Connie W Tsao, Adedotun A Ogunsua, Eric Vittinghoff, Randell C Thomas, Susan Cheng, Aditya Vaze, Jayashri R Aragam, Gary F Mitchell, Emelia J Benjamin, Ramachandran S Vasan, Gerard P Aurigemma, Nelson B Schiller, David D McManus, Nisha I Parikh
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) remodeling is a predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We performed measurement of the LA function index (LAFI), a composite measure of LA structure and function, in a community-based cohort and here report the distribution and cross-sectional correlates of LAFI. METHODS: In 1,719 Framingham Offspring Study participants (54% women, mean age 66 ± 9 years), we derived LAFI from the LA emptying fraction, left ventricular (LV) outflow tract velocity time integral, and indexed maximal LA volume...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735767/measuring-participation-in-chronic-back-pain-patients-the-5-item-pain-disability-index
#20
Ashley B McKillop, Linda J Carroll, Bruce D Dick, Michele C Battié
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Of the three broad outcome domains of body functions and structures, activities, and participation (e.g., engaging in valued social roles) outlined in the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), it has been argued that participation is the most important to individuals, particularly those with chronic health problems. Yet, participation is not commonly measured in back pain research. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of a modified 5-Item Pain Disability Index (PDI) score as a measure of participation in people with chronic back pain...
July 20, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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