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Mind body intervention

Lauren B Shomaker, Lauren Gulley, Allison M Hilkin, Emma Clark, Shelly Annameier, Sangeeta Rao, Bonny Rockette-Wagner, Andrea Kriska, Kenneth P Wright, Eric Stice, Kristen J Nadeau, Megan M Kelsey
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms often manifest in adolescence and predict worsening insulin sensitivity, a key precursor in the path to β-cell failure and type 2 diabetes (T2D). OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of a six-week cognitive-behavioral group versus six-week health education group for improving insulin sensitivity and preserving β-cell function in adolescent girls at-risk for T2D with depressive symptoms and evaluate mechanisms underlying the association between depression and insulin dynamics...
October 17, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Justice Mbizo, Anthony Okafor, Melanie A Sutton, Bryan Leyva, Leauna M Stone, Oluwadamilola Olaku
BACKGROUND: Although a quarter of Americans are estimated to have multiple chronic conditions, information on the impact of chronic disease dyads and triads on use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is scarce. The purpose of this study is to: 1) estimate the prevalence and odds of CAM use among participants with hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, diabetes, and obesity; and 2) examine the effects of chronic condition dyads and triads on the use of CAM modalities, specifically manipulative and body-based methods, biological treatments, mind-body interventions, energy therapies, and alternative medical systems...
October 19, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Na Wang, Yan Guo
The number of people with chronic diseases rises rapidly in recent years worldwide. Except for drug medication, mind-body exercises are indispensable for chronic disease management. Traditional Chinese practice (TCP), as an integrative intervention, is known as an effective means to keep in good health and fitness, as well as help regulate emotion. This paper introduces the domestic and overseas studies on effectiveness of TCP for chronic diseases, and explores the key action links from three aspects, including functional training of multiple-joint guided by consciousness, relieving psychological risk factors, improving respiratory and digestive function, blood and lymph circulation through respiratory training, and regulation of nerve, metabolic, and immune system...
October 18, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Juneyoung L Yi, Christina A Porucznik, Lisa H Gren, Jian Guan, Evan Joyce, Darrel S Brodke, Andrew T Dailey, Mark A Mahan, Robert S Hood, Brandon D Lawrence, William R Spiker, Nicholas T Spina, Erica F Bisson
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid medications negatively affect postoperative outcomes after lumbar spine surgery. Furthermore, opioid-related overdose death rates in the U.S. increased by 200% between 2000 and 2014. Thus, alternatives are imperative. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), a mind-body therapy, has been associated with improved activity and mood in opioid-using chronic pain patients. This study assessed whether preoperative MBSR is an effective adjunct to standard postoperative care in adult patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery for degenerative disease...
October 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Laura J Wilson, Lygeri Dimitriou, Frank A Hills, Marcela B Gondek, Emma Cockburn
PURPOSE: The use of cryotherapy as a recovery intervention is prevalent amongst athletes. Performance of high volume, heavy load resistance exercise is known to result in disturbances of muscle function, perceptual responses and blood borne parameters. Therefore, this study investigated the influence of cold water immersion (CWI), whole body cryotherapy (WBC) or a placebo (PL) intervention on markers of recovery following an acute resistance training session. METHODS: 24 resistance trained males were matched into a CWI (10 min at 10 °C), WBC (3- and 4 min at - 85 °C) or PL group before completing a lower body resistance training session...
October 11, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Jake Linardon, John Gleeson, Keong Yap, Kylie Murphy, Leah Brennan
Third-wave behavioural interventions are increasingly popular for treating and preventing mental health conditions. Recently, researchers have begun testing whether these interventions can effectively targeting eating disorder risk factors (disordered eating, body image concerns). This meta-analysis examined whether third-wave behavioural interventions (acceptance and commitment therapy; dialectical behaviour therapy; mindfulness-based interventions; compassion-focused therapy) show potential for being effective eating disorder prevention programs, by testing their effects on eating disorder risk factors in samples without an eating disorder...
October 11, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Louis McCusky Gendron, Andre Nyberg, Didier Saey, François Maltais, Yves Lacasse
BACKGROUND: Active mind-body movement therapies (AMBMTs), including but not limited to yoga, tai chi, and qigong, have been applied as exercise modalities for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). AMBMT strategies have been found to be more effective than usual care; however, whether AMBMT is inferior, equivalent, or superior to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in people with COPD remains to be determined. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of AMBMTs compared with, or in addition to, PR in the management of COPD...
October 10, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sharon Simpson, Stewart Mercer, Robert Simpson, Maggie Lawrence, Sally Wyke
Youth offending is a problem worldwide. Young people in the criminal justice system have frequently experienced adverse childhood circumstances, mental health problems, difficulties regulating emotions and poor quality of life. Mindfulness-based interventions can help people manage problems resulting from these experiences, but their usefulness for youth offending populations is not clear. This review evaluated existing evidence for mindfulness-based interventions among such populations. To be included, each study used an intervention with at least one of the three core components of mindfulness-based stress reduction (breath awareness, body awareness, mindful movement) that was delivered to young people in prison or community rehabilitation programs...
2018: Mindfulness
Daniel T Halperin, Jeffrey Laux, Carlos LeFranc-García, Coloma Araujo, Cristina Palacios
OBJECTIVE: Assess impact of multimodality weight gain prevention intervention. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial among 39 overweight young Puerto Rico college students using 10 weekly peer-support sessions promoting dietary, physical activity, and other lifestyle changes enhanced by stress-reduction and mindfulness approaches. Body mass index (BMI) and self-reported behaviors were measured at baseline and at 10 weeks and 6 months after baseline. RESULTS: At the completion of the intervention, BMIs in the experimental arm were 0...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Elpida Artemiou, Gregory E Gilbert, Anne Callanan, Silvia Marchi, Don R Bergfelt
Studies investigating perceived stress and mindfulness awareness support mind-body therapy (MBT) effectiveness in reducing stress and anxiety and, thus, has potential to decrease work-related stress. A pre/postexperimental design involved 30 faculty and staff working at Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Saint Kitts and Nevis, who experienced a two-day MBT intervention programme. An additional 16 faculty and staff not involved in MBT who went about their daily work schedules served as contemporary controls...
October 3, 2018: Veterinary Record
Cynthia J Price, Sheila E Crowell, Kenneth C Pike, Sunny Chieh Cheng, Megan Puzia, Elaine Adams Thompson
BACKGROUND: Emotion regulation is increasingly recognized as important for the prevention and treatment of substance use disorder (SUD). However, there is an identified lack of physiological indexes of emotion dysregulation in SUD treatment studies, critically needed to better understand the link between emotion regulation capacity (measured physiologically) and self-report health outcomes among individuals in SUD treatment. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and self-report health outcomes among women in SUD treatment...
October 1, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Francisco V Muñoz, Linda Larkey
Background: Biomarkers associated with inflammation and immune function are increasingly being used to examine mechanisms of the effects of mind-body therapies. Less researched are biomarkers associated with cognitive and executive functioning in the study of mind-body therapy mechanisms and effects. This study explored the feasibility of recruiting breast cancer patients (BCPs) and implementation fidelity of participation in a research project utilizing the 4-stage Creative Psychosocial Genomic Healing Experience (CPGHE), a mind-body protocol that is theorized to create epigenetic effects via targeted psychological change in emotional triggers in coping with cancer...
April 2018: Advances in Integrative Medicine
Erika Stoerkel, Dawn Bellanti, Charmagne Paat, Kimberly Peacock, James Aden, Robert Setlik, Joan Walter, Alice Inman
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a self-care toolkit (SCT) provided to breast cancer patients undergoing surgery could mitigate distress and lessen symptoms associated with surgery. DESIGN: One hundred women with breast cancer, planning to undergo initial surgery, were randomly assigned to either one of two groups: treatment as usual (TAU; n = 49) or TAU with the addition of an SCT (n = 51). The SCT contained an MP3 player with audio-files of guided mind-body techniques (breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, meditation, guided imagery, and self-hypnosis) and acupressure antinausea wristbands...
September 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Donald I Abrams
OBJECTIVES: The mostly indolent natural history and long overall survival associated with a diagnosis of prostate cancer provides a unique opportunity for men to explore diet and lifestyle interventions to alter the trajectory of their disease. As many patients may be appropriate for postponing conventional therapy, the effects of various integrative interventions can be investigated. In addition, treatment of prostate cancer with surgery, radiation, or androgen deprivation therapy, all may produce physical or psychological side effects that could be amenable to complementary therapies...
September 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Kim E Innes, Terry Kit Selfe, Sahiti Kandati, Sijin Wen, Zenzi Huysmans
Objective: Disease-modifying treatments for OA remain elusive, and commonly used medications can have serious side effects. Although meditation and music listening (ML) have been shown to improve outcomes in certain chronic pain populations, research in OA is sparse. In this pilot RCT, we explore the effects of two mind-body practices, mantra meditation (MM) and ML, on knee pain, function, and related outcomes in adults with knee OA. Methods: Twenty-two older ambulatory adults diagnosed with knee OA were randomized to a MM (N=11) or ML program (N=11) and asked to practice 15-20 minutes, twice daily for 8 weeks...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Elizabeth McDonald, Raymond Teets, Caroline Ortiz, Christine Gilchrist, Eve Waltermaurer, Elidania Perez, Benjamin Kligler
INTRODUCTION: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic debilitating functional gastrointestinal disorder that affects a large proportion of the general population. Dietary and mind-body approaches have shown some effectiveness in reducing IBS symptoms. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this project was to test the feasibility of a low cost, group-oriented integrative medicine approach to IBS, and to explore whether such an approach improves participant outcomes. METHODS: This was a randomized-controlled trial involving a 4-week group-oriented treatment intervention combining dietary intervention and mind-body therapies followed by 8-weeks of telephonic health coaching...
July 20, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Ania M Jastreboff, Tara M Chaplin, Sheridan Finnie, Mary Savoye, Matthew Stults-Kolehmainen, Wendy K Silverman, Rajita Sinha
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of engaging stressed, low-income parents with obesity in a novel mindfulness-based parent stress intervention aimed at decreasing the risk of early childhood obesity. STUDY DESIGN: An 8-week mindfulness-based parent stress group intervention (parenting mindfully for health) plus nutrition and physical activity counseling (PMH+N) was developed for parents with obesity aimed at preventing obesity in their at-risk 2- to 5-year-old children...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Jiayuan Zhang, Shida Qin, Yuqiu Zhou, Lina Meng, Hong Su, Shan Zhao
Purpose: The incidence of subthreshold depression (StD) in adolescents is growing rapidly, which in turn is known to impair functioning and increase the risk of major depression. It is therefore important to provide effective intervention to prevent the transition from StD to major depression. As a traditional Chinese mind-body exercise, Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) may be an available selection. Researchers have shown the effectiveness of mindfulness-based therapy on depression; however, for the StD youth, there have been no studies to investigate whether mindfulness-based Tai Chi Chuan (MTCC) can be recommended as an effective exercise for improving their psychological state...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Yu Guo, Mingmin Xu, Jialei Zhang, Qingchuan Hu, Zhengkun Zhou, Zeren Wei, Jian Yan, Yue Chen, Jianxuan Lyu, Xiaoqian Shao, Ying Wang, Jiamei Guo, Yulong Wei
BACKGROUND: The physical and mental health of college students tends to continuously decline around the world due to lifestyle or behavior habits changes, and pervasive presence of the Internet. Thus it is urgent to improve their health in college life. As a traditional Qigong form is practiced mainly in a standing posture. Three-Circle Post Standing Qigong (TCPSQ) is suitable for regular practicing and has beneficial effects on improving the physiological function and psychological emotion by adjusting body, breathing, and mind...
September 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Camila Ferreira-Vorkapic, Claudio Joaquim Borba-Pinheiro, Murilo Marchioro, Daniel Santana
Background: World statistics for the prevalence of anxiety and mood disorders shows that a great number of individuals will experience some type of anxiety or mood disorder at some point in their lifetime. Mind-body interventions such as Hatha Yoga and seated meditation have been used as a form of self-help therapy and it is especially useful for challenging occupations such as teachers and professors. Aims: In this investigation, we aimed at observing the impact of Yoga Nidra and seated meditation on the anxiety and depression levels of college professors...
September 2018: International Journal of Yoga
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