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Mind body intervention

Subhadra Evans, Laura C Seidman, Kirsten Lung, Beth Sternlieb, Lonnie K Zeltzer
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common condition associated with recurrent abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. It is particularly pernicious to youth, who may withdraw from life tasks due to pain, diarrhea, and/or fear of symptoms. Emotional stress exacerbates IBS symptoms, and mind-body interventions may be beneficial. In this mixed-methods study of 18 teens aged 14 to 17 years undertaking a 6-week Iyengar yoga intervention, we aimed to identify treatment responders and to explore differences between responders and nonresponders on a range of quantitative outcomes and qualitative themes related to yoga impact, goodness of fit, and barriers to treatment...
September 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
Emma Derbyshire
The brain is the most significant and complex organ of the human body. Increasingly, we are becoming aware that certain nutrients may help to safeguard brain health. An expanse of research has investigated the effects of omega fatty acids in relation to brain health but effects across the lifespan have not been widely evaluated. The present systematic review collated evidence from 25 randomized controlled trials ( n = 3633) published since 2013. Compared with control groups, omega-3 supplementation generally correlated with improvements in blood biomarkers...
August 15, 2018: Nutrients
Silvia R S Ouakinin, David P Barreira, Carlos J Gois
Literature on depression and obesity describes the relevance of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis dysfunction, sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation, and inflammatory processes as well as the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Recent investigation in obesity highlights the involvement of several regulation systems, particularly in white adipose tissue. The hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis, gonadal, growth hormone, leptin, sympathetic nervous system and adrenergic, dopaminergic, and serotoninergic central pathways, all seem interconnected and involved in obesity...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Bérengère Houzé, Héjar El-Khatib, Caroline Arbour
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies may be used as a non-pharmacological approach to chronic pain management. While hundreds of trials about individual CAM modality have been conducted, a comprehensive overview of their results is currently lacking for pain clinicians and researchers. AIM: This umbrella review synthesized the quality of meta-analytic evidence supporting the efficacy, tolerability and safety of CAM therapies for the management of chronic pain...
August 11, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Joyce Gomes-Osman, Danylo F Cabral, Timothy P Morris, Katalina McInerney, Lawrence P Cahalin, Tatjana Rundek, Augusto Oliveira, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
Purpose of review: We systematically appraised randomized controlled trials proposing exercise to influence cognition in older adults to (1) assess the methodologic quality using Cochrane criteria; (2) describe various exercise dose measures and assess their relationship with improved cognitive performance; and (3) identify consistent patterns of reported effects on cognition. Recent findings: There was overall good methodologic quality in all 98 included studies...
June 2018: Neurology. Clinical Practice
Pamela Kaiser, Daniel P Kohen, Melanie L Brown, Rebecca L Kajander, Andrew J Barnes
While pediatric integrative medicine (PIM) emphasizes an "evidence-based practice using multiple therapeutic modalities"; paradoxically, literature reviews examining the prevalence and/or efficacy of such mind⁻body approaches often address PIM modalities separately. Such contributions are relevant, yet documentation of how to deliver combined complementary approaches in children and youth are scarce. Nevertheless, integrative practitioners in clinical practice routinely mix approaches to meet the individual needs of each patient...
August 7, 2018: Children
Ulrika Axelsson, Lisa Rydén, Per Johnsson, Patrik Edén, Johanna Månsson, Ingalill Rahm Hallberg, Carl A K Borrebaeck
BACKGROUND: Individual patients differ in their psychological response when receiving a cancer diagnosis, in this case breast cancer. Given the same disease burden, some patients master the situation well, while others experience a great deal of stress, depression and lowered quality of life. Patients with high psychological resilience are likely to experience fewer stress reactions and better adapt to and manage the life threat and the demanding treatment that follows the diagnosis. If this phenomenon of mastering difficult situations is reflected also in biomolecular processes is not much studied, nor has its capacity for impacting the cancer prognosis been addressed...
August 6, 2018: BMC Cancer
Marc J Weigensberg, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Cheng K Fred Wen, Jaimie N Davis, Quintilia Àvila, Magaly Juarez, Niquelle Brown Wadé, Christianne J Lane
Innovative lifestyle interventions are needed to reduce type 2 diabetes risk in adolescents. This report describes the protocol of the Imagine HEALTH cluster randomized control trial, that tests an intervention based in Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and uses lifestyle education combined with the mind-body, complementary health modality of guided imagery (GI), to address obesity prevention and treatment in predominantly Latino adolescents. The primary aim is to determine the unique effects of each of the three major components of the 12-week lifestyle intervention (lifestyle education, stress reduction guided imagery, and lifestyle behavior guided imagery) compared to control on primary outcomes of physical activity (accelerometry), dietary intake (3-day recall), and stress biomarker levels (salivary cortisol)...
August 1, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Shang-Jung Wu, Wei-Kung Chen
Acute pain is the main cause for patient visits to the emergency department. An important issue faced in emergency medical care is to resolve patient pain. Moreover, limb traumatic pain is noted in 58-66% of emergency trauma patients. This paper explored the effectiveness of using non-pharmacological complementary interventions, including body operation therapies that used trauma limb care and therapeutic touch and mind-body interventions, in order to strengthen the support system and create a healing environment...
August 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Vahideh Pouyesh, Sara Amaniyan, Mahsa Haji Mohammad Hoseini, Yousef Bashiri, Christina Sieloff, Pauline Griffiths, Mojtaba Vaismoradi
BACKGROUND: According to Florence Nightingale's hypothesis, the environment can play a central role in the healing of the patient's body and mind. The nurse should, therefore, strive to provide a healing and stress-reducing environment for patients about to undergo invasive procedures. AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the effects of environmental factors on anxiety as experienced by patients in waiting rooms prior to coronary angiography. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 200 patients undergoing coronary angiography in an urban area of Iran were assigned randomly to the following intervention groups: (1) nature sounds; (2) nature sounds and daylight; (3) nature sounds, daylight, and colour enhancements; and (4) control...
July 30, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Salehoddin Bouya, Sudabeh Ahmadidarehsima, Mahin Badakhsh, Abbas Balouchi, Maryam Koochakzai
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aromatherapy, a CAM therapy, is a natural way of treating the mind, body and soul of individuals. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to determine the effect of aromatherapy on hemodialysis complications. METHODS: In this systematic review, international (PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, CINHAL, EMBASE and Scopus) and national databases (SID and Magiran) were searched from inception of the databases to 30 December 2017...
August 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Igor da Rosa Finger, Breno Irigoyen de Freitas, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
PURPOSE: To identify the psychological inflexibility (PI) processes (experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion, poor contact with the present moment, unclear personal values and lack of commitment to action) associated with body mass index (BMI), depression, anxiety and stress symptoms and binge eating in overweight and obese people by drawing on the acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) framework. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 243 people with a BMI of at least 25 and aged from 18 to 60 years old...
July 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Keizaburo Ogata, Ken I Koyama, Marie Amitani, Haruka Amitani, Akihiro Asakawa, Akio Inui
It is difficult for obese (body mass index of more than 30) and overweight (body mass index of 25-30) people to reduce and maintain their weight. The aim of this case series was to examine the effectiveness of a new cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program that combines mindfulness exercises (e.g., the raisin exercise and breathing exercises) and an online intervention to prevent dropout and subsequent weight gain in overweight participants. This case series included three participants, for whom previous weight reduction programs had been unsuccessful...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
Emma Chad-Friedman, Melanie Pearsall, Kathleen M Miller, Amy E Wheeler, John W Denninger, Darshan H Mehta, Michelle L Dossett
Background: Stress and obesity are interrelated and common among low-income adults. Mind-body interventions have been shown to reduce psychological distress and have been incorporated into many weight loss interventions. However, few of these programs have incorporated a telephone coaching component. Objective: We designed and piloted a novel weight loss telephone coaching intervention for this population and examined its effectiveness on weight loss and improvements in health behaviors in obese community health center patients...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
Siu-Man Ng, Lingli Leng, Rainbow T H Ho, Zhangjin Zhang, Qi Wang
Background: Stagnation syndrome, a diagnostic entity in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is characterized by mind-body obstruction-like symptoms. Although TCM has long-established symptom-relief treatments, a comprehensive mind-body intervention was called for. Purpose: The study evaluated the efficacy of a six-session body-mind-spirit (BMS) group therapy for persons with stagnation syndrome. Method: A 2-arm randomized controlled trial design was adopted...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Brittain L Mahaffey, Daniel M Mackin, Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Lindsay Lofaro, Evelyn J Bromet, Benjamin J Luft, Adam Gonzalez
This article describes the development of a manualized, eight-session multiple health behavior change program which addresses sleep, exercise, nutrition, substance use, and working with one's healthcare team. Our goal was to design a structured, evidence-based program that could be facilitated by a single health professional and could act as an active, credible control for mind-body intervention studies. Psychoeducational content was adapted from the latest government and peer-reviewed guidelines. Preliminary work suggests the program is acceptable and feasible for use in patients of varying ages with heterogeneous mental and physical health problems...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Neha P Gothe, Jessica M Hayes, Cindy Temali, Jessica S Damoiseaux
Background: Yoga is a mind-body based physical activity that has demonstrated a variety of physiological, psychological and cognitive health benefits. Although yoga practice has shown to improve cognitive performance, few studies have examined the underlying neurological correlates. Objective: The current study aimed to determine the differences in gray matter volume of the hippocampus, thalamus and caudate nucleus and brain activation during the Sternberg working memory task. Method: Participants were 13 experienced yoga practitioners (mean age = 35...
2018: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
Deborah A Lekan, Evelyn Hoover, Sarah Abrams
Frailty is a syndrome of impaired homeostasis and poor response to stressors leading to adverse health outcomes. The aim of the current study was to explore lay perspectives about frailty among African American adults. Thirteen men and women participated in two focus groups. Content analysis yielded six themes: (a) Physical Impairment With Loss of Independence; (b) Can Happen to Anyone, At Any Age, At Any Time; (c) Mind-Body Connection; (d) Affects All Aspects of Life; (e) Positive Attitude and Prayer Guard Against Frailty; and (f) Be In Tune and Stay Connected...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
A Ahmed, L Steed, E Burden-Teh, R Shah, S Sanyal, S Tour, S Dowey, M Whitton, J M Batchelor, A P Bewley
BACKGROUND: Psychological interventions are recommended as part of routine management of vitiligo. However the development and effectiveness of such interventions has been rarely addressed. This study aims to identify key components for a psychological intervention for people with vitiligo. This is the first time perspectives of people with vitiligo and healthcare professionals (HCPs) have been directly explored to inform intervention content and delivery. OBJECTIVES: To identify: 1...
July 4, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Mingyue Gao, Hong Zhao, Mingjuan Han
OBJECTIVE: Through comparing the literature on the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for anxiety in Chinese and English versions, the participants, the interventions and the outcomes of the therapeutic effect evaluation in acupuncture treatment for anxiety were analyzed so as to provide the references to the high quality clinical research in the future. METHODS: The literature was retrieved on RCTs of acupuncture for anxiety at home and abroad. According to the principles and the methods of the evidence-based medicine, the information on the type of clinical research, participants, interventions and outcomes was extracted and analyzed...
June 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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