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Mind body intervention

Wolf E Mehling, Michael Acree, Anita Stewart, Jonathan Silas, Alexander Jones
Interoception, the process by which the nervous system senses, interprets, and integrates signals originating from within the body, has become major research topic for mental health and in particular for mind-body interventions. Interoceptive awareness here is defined as the conscious level of interoception with its multiple dimensions potentially accessible to self-report. The Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA) is an 8-scale state-trait questionnaire with 32 items to measure multiple dimensions of interoception by self-report and was published in November 2012...
2018: PloS One
Mia Minen, Sarah Jinich, Gladys Vallespir Ellett
BACKGROUND: There are no clear guidelines on how to treat posttraumatic headache (PTH) or post-concussive symptoms (PCS). However, behavioral interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy, biofeedback, and relaxation are Level-A evidence-based treatments for headache prevention. To understand how to develop and study further mind-body interventions (MBIs) and behavioral therapies for PTH and PCS, we developed the following question using the PICO framework: Are behavioral therapies and MBIs effective for treating PTH and PCS? METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of 3 databases (Medline, PsycINFO, and EMBASE) for behavioral interventions and MBIs with the subject headings and keywords for PTH, concussion, and traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
December 1, 2018: Headache
Raviteja R Guddeti, Geetanjali Dang, Mark A Williams, Venkata Mahesh Alla
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular disease continues to be the leading cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. Yoga, a combination of physical postures (asana), breathing exercises (pranayama), and meditation (dhyana), has gained increasing recognition as a form of mind-body exercise. In this narrative review, we intended to review the emerging evidence assessing the physiologic and clinical effects of yoga on the cardiovascular system and the potential role of yoga as a component of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Scherezade K Mama, Nishat Bhuiyan, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen, Christopher P Fagundes, Diana S Hoover, Larkin L Strong, Yisheng Li, Nga T Nguyen, Lorna H McNeill
Physical activity reduces cancer risk, yet African American adults remain insufficiently active, contributing to cancer health disparities. Harmony & Health (HH) was developed as a culturally adapted mind-body intervention to promote physical activity, psychosocial well-being, and quality of life among a church-based sample of overweight/obese, insufficiently active African American adults. Men and women were recruited to the study through an existing church partnership. Eligible participants (N = 50) were randomized to a movement-based mind-body intervention (n = 26) or waitlist control (n = 24)...
November 25, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
J Schneider, P Malinowski, P M Watson, P Lattimore
Despite continued public health campaigns to promote physical activity, a majority of the population is inactive. In recent years, mindfulness-based approaches have been used in health and lifestyle interventions for physical activity promotion. We conducted a systematic literature review using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to investigate the evidence for the potential of mindfulness-based approaches for physical activity. We searched electronic databases for papers that met eligibility criteria and identified 40 studies for inclusion...
November 23, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Panagiota Kaisari, Sudhesh Kumar, John Hattersley, Colin T Dourish, Pia Rotshtein, Suzanne Higgs
BACKGROUND: Changing eating behaviour may be challenging for individuals with obesity and this may be related to attentional bias towards food. Previous paradigms used to assess attentional bias to food stimuli have not distinguished between bottom-up processes related to assessment of rewarding stimuli versus top-down processes related to effects of mind-set on attention. We investigated whether attentional bias for food cues varies between individuals with overweight/obesity and healthy weight individuals, due to differential top-down control of attention...
November 21, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Y L Fung, Bobo Hi Po Lau, Michelle Yi Jun Tam, Qianwen Xie, Cecilia L W Chan, Celia H Y Chan
PURPOSE: Eczema is a pediatric skin disease that affects the psychosocial well-being of both children and their parent caregivers. This paper outlines a protocol for an experimental study that evaluates the effectiveness of a psychosocial empowerment program for children with eczema and their parent caregivers. METHOD: A multi-center randomized controlled trial is proposed, where parent-child dyads are randomized into two arms: an intervention group and wait-list control group...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Dasom Lee, Do-Hyung Kang, Na-Hyun Ha, Chang-Young Oh, Ulsoon Lee, Seung Wan Kang
Online mind-body training (MBT) programs can improve the psychological capabilities of practitioners. Although there has been a lot of effort to understand the neural mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of meditation, little is known about changes in electroencephalographic (EEG) functional connectivity that accompany mind-body training. The present study aimed to investigate how an online MBT program alters EEG functional connectivity in the default mode network (DMN). We assessed a group of healthcare providers, including 14 females who participated in the 4-week MBT program and 15 females who underwent a 4-week of waiting period...
November 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Dylan A Cutler, Alana K Shaw, Sheila M Pride, Mohamed A Bedaiwy, Anthony P Cheung
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects between 8 and 18% of women and is the leading cause of female anovulatory infertility. Unfortunately, common treatments for women trying to conceive can be ineffective as well as disruptive or harmful to patients' quality of life. Despite evidence that women with PCOS have expressed the need for alternative fertility treatments, lifestyle interventions incorporating a nutritional plan with supplementation, increased physical activity, and techniques for stress management have not been combined as a program and studied in this population...
November 16, 2018: Trials
Maria Grazia Spurio
An increasing number of human behavior scholars are redirecting their professional curiosity towards studies carried out with innovative research and intervention methods, far from the obsolete and reductive systems of analysis of the past. As part of these studies, aimed at the individual's bio-psycho-social betterment, the fascinating perspective of using the opportunities offered by a trip as a catalyst for important changes, has an important place. A sort of 'Journey' in the Journey, in which the suspended space-time of a travel can be the frame for innovative and interesting situations of parallel discovery of one's inner world...
November 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Arzu Erden, Murat Emirzeoğlu
CONTEXT: The level of body awareness, performance emotional status and demographic characteristics in different sports branches are subjects to be investigated. It is important to examine the concepts of performance emotional state and body awareness to better understand the body-mind relationship in different sports branches. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the level of body awareness and performance emotional status (PES) of athletes. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, independent variables are groups (4 sports branches) and dependent variables are body awareness and performance emotional status...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Chan-Young Kwon, Boram Lee, Kyoung Sun Park
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common disorders of reproductive endocrinology in women of reproductive age. Lifestyle intervention and oral contraceptives are the first-line treatments for PCOS. Recent studies have suggested that complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies including acupuncture, herbal medicine, and mind-body therapy have the potential to alleviate the symptoms and/or pathology of PCOS and to improve the quality of life of women with PCOS...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yu Guo, Mingmin Xu, Meiqi Ji, Zeren Wei, Jialei Zhang, Qingchuan Hu, Jian Yan, Yue Chen, Jiaxuan Lyu, Xiaoqian Shao, Ying Wang, Jiamei Guo, Yulong Wei
INTRODUCTION: College students are special populations that are particularly prone to have significantly high level of psychological distress than their community peers. Apparently, the best way to manage stress and mental state is through self-care. The characteristic of Qigong is self-directed and self-healing, which is a traditional Chinese mind-body exercise, which has the potential as a stress management intervention. Imaginary Working Qigong, as a kind of static Qigong, is more perception-oriented and can bring about benign sensations of mind and body so as to eliminate stress completely and induce physiological and mental relaxation...
November 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tamara O Perdue, Ann Schreier, Melvin Swanson, Janice Neil, Robert Carels
PURPOSE: When bariatric surgery is performed, a successful outcome is usually described as % total weight lost (EWL) or a change in BMI. These definitions fail to address the importance of post-operative psychosocial adjustment. Previous research has alluded to a 'mind-body lag' where the patient's experienced body feels larger than their physically smaller post-operative body, perhaps as a result of amygdalae conditioning. The purpose of this study is to further investigate this psychological issue and assess its relationship to health locus of control, alexithymia, health quality of life and weight regain in bariatric surgery patients...
October 31, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
M C Jong, I Boers, H A van Wietmarschen, E Tromp, J O Busari, R Wennekes, I Snoeck, J Bekhof, A M Vlieger
Many children suffer from headaches. Since stress may trigger headaches, effective techniques to cope with stress are needed. We investigated the effectiveness of two mind-body techniques, transcendental meditation (TM) or hypnotherapy (HT), and compared them with progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) exercises (active control group). Children (9-18 years) suffering from primary headaches more than two times per month received either TM (N = 42), HT (N = 45) or PMR (N = 44) for 3 months. Primary outcomes were frequency of headaches and ≥ 50% reduction in headaches at 3 and 9 months...
October 24, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Emily L Zale, Christopher J Funes, Eric A Macklin, Jessica McCurley, Elyse R Park, Justin T Jordan, Ann Lin, Scott R Plotkin
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatoses (NF) are rare genetic conditions associated with substantial psychosocial burden and impaired quality of life (QoL). We developed the first NF-tailored mind-body program (the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program for NF) and adapted it for delivery via live videoconferencing to decrease participation barriers and increase its reach. In a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT), we found that the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program for NF had excellent feasibility and acceptability when delivered via live videoconferencing; furthermore, the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program for NF showed proof of concept in improving QoL compared with an NF-tailored health education control program (the Health Enhancement Program for NF)...
October 23, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Yi-Hua Lee, Gi-Ming Lai, De-Chih Lee, Lee-Jang Tsai Lai, Yuan-Ping Chang
OBJECTIVES: Cancer-related fatigue and fear of recurrence (FOR) are the most common symptoms in cancer survivors and severely affect quality of life (QOL). This study aims to promote and evaluate the effectiveness of physical and psychological rehabilitation activities for cancer survivors. METHODS: A longitudinal study with an interventional research design was conducted. A total of 80 participants were randomly assigned to experimental groups E1 (Qigong exercise [QE]) or E2 (stress management [SM]) or the control group...
December 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Marta Nuñez-Garcia, Oscar Camara, Mark D O'Neill, Reza Razavi, Henry Chubb, Constantine Butakoff
Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is a common procedure for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) since the initial trigger for AF frequently originates in the pulmonary veins. A successful isolation produces a continuous lesion (scar) completely encircling the veins that stops activation waves from propagating to the atrial body. Unfortunately, the encircling lesion is often incomplete, becoming a combination of scar and gaps of healthy tissue. These gaps are potential causes of AF recurrence, which requires a redo of the isolation procedure...
January 2019: Medical Image Analysis
Lauren B Shomaker, Lauren Gulley, Allison M Hilkin, Emma Clark, Shelly Annameier, Sangeeta Rao, Bonny Rockette-Wagner, Andrea Kriska, Kenneth P Wright, Eric Stice, Kristen J Nadeau, Megan M Kelsey
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms often manifest in adolescence and predict worsening insulin sensitivity, a key precursor in the path to β-cell failure and type 2 diabetes (T2D). OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of a six-week cognitive-behavioral group versus six-week health education group for improving insulin sensitivity and preserving β-cell function in adolescent girls at-risk for T2D with depressive symptoms and evaluate mechanisms underlying the association between depression and insulin dynamics...
December 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Justice Mbizo, Anthony Okafor, Melanie A Sutton, Bryan Leyva, Leauna M Stone, Oluwadamilola Olaku
BACKGROUND: Although a quarter of Americans are estimated to have multiple chronic conditions, information on the impact of chronic disease dyads and triads on use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is scarce. The purpose of this study is to: 1) estimate the prevalence and odds of CAM use among participants with hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, diabetes, and obesity; and 2) examine the effects of chronic condition dyads and triads on the use of CAM modalities, specifically manipulative and body-based methods, biological treatments, mind-body interventions, energy therapies, and alternative medical systems...
October 19, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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