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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118072/class-modal-analysis-of-a-thin-multi-trench-assisted-liquid-filled-optical-waveguide-coupler-for-simultaneous-multi-sensing-applications
#1
Sanjeev Kumar Raghuwanshi, Manish Kumar, Om Prakash
In this paper, we present an analysis of, to the best of our knowledge, a novel class of the thin multi-trench-assisted optical coupler for multi-sensing of chemical detection. The design structure is an optical waveguide coupler consisting of closely coupled trenches filled with different liquids for chemical sensing. The refractive index profile of the coupler is allowed to vary due to the chemical filled in these trenches. The scalar finite difference method (FDM) is used to analyze the TE (s polarized) as well as TM (p polarized) modes, and thereafter propagate them along the structure through various trenched sections...
July 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117043/development-of-robust-fast-and-efficient-qrs-complex-detector-a-methodological-review
#2
REVIEW
Sandeep Raj, Kailash Chandra Ray, Om Shankar
The basis and reliability for timely diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases depend on the robust and accurate detection of QRS complexes along with the fiducial points in the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal. Despite, the several QRS detection algorithms reported in the literature, the development of an efficient QRS detector remains a challenge in the clinical environment. Therefore, this article summarizes the performance analysis of various QRS detection techniques depending upon three assessment factors which include robustness to noise, computational load, and sensitivity validated on the benchmark MIT-BIH arrhythmia database...
August 16, 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115783/shifting-the-limits-in-wheat-research-and-breeding-using-a-fully-annotated-reference-genome
#3
Rudi Appels, Kellye Eversole, Catherine Feuillet, Beat Keller, Jane Rogers, Nils Stein, Curtis J Pozniak, Nils Stein, Frédéric Choulet, Assaf Distelfeld, Kellye Eversole, Jesse Poland, Jane Rogers, Gil Ronen, Andrew G Sharpe, Curtis Pozniak, Gil Ronen, Nils Stein, Omer Barad, Kobi Baruch, Frédéric Choulet, Gabriel Keeble-Gagnère, Martin Mascher, Andrew G Sharpe, Gil Ben-Zvi, Ambre-Aurore Josselin, Nils Stein, Martin Mascher, Axel Himmelbach, Frédéric Choulet, Gabriel Keeble-Gagnère, Martin Mascher, Jane Rogers, François Balfourier, Juan Gutierrez-Gonzalez, Matthew Hayden, Ambre-Aurore Josselin, ChuShin Koh, Gary Muehlbauer, Raj K Pasam, Etienne Paux, Curtis J Pozniak, Philippe Rigault, Andrew G Sharpe, Josquin Tibbits, Vijay Tiwari, Frédéric Choulet, Gabriel Keeble-Gagnère, Martin Mascher, Ambre-Aurore Josselin, Jane Rogers, Manuel Spannagl, Frédéric Choulet, Daniel Lang, Heidrun Gundlach, Georg Haberer, Gabriel Keeble-Gagnère, Klaus F X Mayer, Danara Ormanbekova, Etienne Paux, Verena Prade, Hana Šimková, Thomas Wicker, Frédéric Choulet, Manuel Spannagl, David Swarbreck, Hélène Rimbert, Marius Felder, Nicolas Guilhot, Heidrun Gundlach, Georg Haberer, Gemy Kaithakottil, Jens Keilwagen, Daniel Lang, Philippe Leroy, Thomas Lux, Klaus F X Mayer, Sven Twardziok, Luca Venturini, Rudi Appels, Hélène Rimbert, Frédéric Choulet, Angéla Juhász, Gabriel Keeble-Gagnère, Frédéric Choulet, Manuel Spannagl, Daniel Lang, Michael Abrouk, Georg Haberer, Gabriel Keeble-Gagnère, Klaus F X Mayer, Thomas Wicker, Frédéric Choulet, Thomas Wicker, Heidrun Gundlach, Daniel Lang, Manuel Spannagl, Daniel Lang, Manuel Spannagl, Rudi Appels, Iris Fischer, Cristobal Uauy, Philippa Borrill, Ricardo H Ramirez-Gonzalez, Rudi Appels, Dominique Arnaud, Smahane Chalabi, Boulos Chalhoub, Frédéric Choulet, Aron Cory, Raju Datla, Mark W Davey, Matthew Hayden, John Jacobs, Daniel Lang, Stephen J Robinson, Manuel Spannagl, Burkhard Steuernagel, Josquin Tibbits, Vijay Tiwari, Fred van Ex, Brande B H Wulff, Curtis J Pozniak, Stephen J Robinson, Andrew G Sharpe, Aron Cory, Moussa Benhamed, Etienne Paux, Abdelhafid Bendahmane, Lorenzo Concia, David Latrasse, Jane Rogers, John Jacobs, Michael Alaux, Rudi Appels, Jan Bartoš, Arnaud Bellec, Hélène Berges, Jaroslav Doležel, Catherine Feuillet, Zeev Frenkel, Bikram Gill, Abraham Korol, Thomas Letellier, Odd-Arne Olsen, Hana Šimková, Kuldeep Singh, Miroslav Valárik, Edwin van der Vossen, Sonia Vautrin, Song Weining, Abraham Korol, Zeev Frenkel, Tzion Fahima, Vladimir Glikson, Dina Raats, Jane Rogers, Vijay Tiwari, Bikram Gill, Etienne Paux, Jesse Poland, Jaroslav Doležel, Jarmila Číhalíková, Hana Šimková, Helena Toegelová, Jan Vrána, Pierre Sourdille, Benoit Darrier, Rudi Appels, Manuel Spannagl, Daniel Lang, Iris Fischer, Danara Ormanbekova, Verena Prade, Delfina Barabaschi, Luigi Cattivelli, Pilar Hernandez, Sergio Galvez, Hikmet Budak, Burkhard Steuernagel, Jonathan D G Jones, Kamil Witek, Brande B H Wulff, Guotai Yu, Ian Small, Joanna Melonek, Ruonan Zhou, Angéla Juhász, Tatiana Belova, Rudi Appels, Odd-Arne Olsen, Kostya Kanyuka, Robert King, Kirby Nilsen, Sean Walkowiak, Curtis J Pozniak, Richard Cuthbert, Raju Datla, Ron Knox, Krysta Wiebe, Daoquan Xiang, Antje Rohde, Timothy Golds, Jaroslav Doležel, Jana Čížková, Josquin Tibbits, Hikmet Budak, Bala Ani Akpinar, Sezgi Biyiklioglu, Gary Muehlbauer, Jesse Poland, Liangliang Gao, Juan Gutierrez-Gonzalez, Amidou N'Daiye, Jaroslav Doležel, Hana Šimková, Jarmila Číhalíková, Marie Kubaláková, Jan Šafář, Jan Vrána, Hélène Berges, Arnaud Bellec, Sonia Vautrin, Michael Alaux, Françoise Alfama, Anne-Françoise Adam-Blondon, Raphael Flores, Claire Guerche, Thomas Letellier, Mikaël Loaec, Hadi Quesneville, Curtis J Pozniak, Andrew G Sharpe, Sean Walkowiak, Hikmet Budak, Janet Condie, Jennifer Ens, ChuShin Koh, Ron Maclachlan, Yifang Tan, Thomas Wicker, Frédéric Choulet, Etienne Paux, Adriana Alberti, Jean-Marc Aury, François Balfourier, Valérie Barbe, Arnaud Couloux, Corinne Cruaud, Karine Labadie, Sophie Mangenot, Patrick Wincker, Bikram Gill, Gaganpreet Kaur, Mingcheng Luo, Sunish Sehgal, Kuldeep Singh, Parveen Chhuneja, Om Prakash Gupta, Suruchi Jindal, Parampreet Kaur, Palvi Malik, Priti Sharma, Bharat Yadav, Nagendra K Singh, JitendraP Khurana, Chanderkant Chaudhary, Paramjit Khurana, Vinod Kumar, Ajay Mahato, Saloni Mathur, Amitha Sevanthi, Naveen Sharma, Ram Sewak Tomar, Jane Rogers, John Jacobs, Michael Alaux, Arnaud Bellec, Hélène Berges, Jaroslav Doležel, Catherine Feuillet, Zeev Frenkel, Bikram Gill, Abraham Korol, Edwin van der Vossen, Sonia Vautrin, Bikram Gill, Gaganpreet Kaur, Mingcheng Luo, Sunish Sehgal, Jan Bartoš, Kateřina Holušová, Ondřej Plíhal, Matthew D Clark, Darren Heavens, George Kettleborough, Jon Wright, Miroslav Valárik, Michael Abrouk, Barbora Balcárková, Kateřina Holušová, Yuqin Hu, Mingcheng Luo, Elena Salina, Nikolai Ravin, Konstantin Skryabin, Alexey Beletsky, Vitaly Kadnikov, Andrey Mardanov, Michail Nesterov, Andrey Rakitin, Ekaterina Sergeeva, Hirokazu Handa, Hiroyuki Kanamori, Satoshi Katagiri, Fuminori Kobayashi, Shuhei Nasuda, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Jianzhong Wu, Rudi Appels, Matthew Hayden, Gabriel Keeble-Gagnère, Philippe Rigault, Josquin Tibbits, Odd-Arne Olsen, Tatiana Belova, Federica Cattonaro, Min Jiumeng, Karl Kugler, Klaus F X Mayer, Matthias Pfeifer, Simen Sandve, Xu Xun, Bujie Zhan, Hana Šimková, Michael Abrouk, Jacqueline Batley, Philipp E Bayer, David Edwards, Satomi Hayashi, Helena Toegelová, Zuzana Tulpová, Paul Visendi, Song Weining, Licao Cui, Xianghong Du, Kewei Feng, Xiaojun Nie, Wei Tong, Le Wang, Philippa Borrill, Heidrun Gundlach, Sergio Galvez, Gemy Kaithakottil, Daniel Lang, Thomas Lux, Martin Mascher, Danara Ormanbekova, Verena Prade, Ricardo H Ramirez-Gonzalez, Manuel Spannagl, Nils Stein, Cristobal Uauy, Luca Venturini, Nils Stein, Rudi Appels, Kellye Eversole, Jane Rogers, Philippa Borrill, Luigi Cattivelli, Frédéric Choulet, Pilar Hernandez, Kostya Kanyuka, Daniel Lang, Martin Mascher, Kirby Nilsen, Etienne Paux, Curtis J Pozniak, Ricardo H Ramirez-Gonzalez, Hana Šimková, Ian Small, Manuel Spannagl, David Swarbreck, Cristobal Uauy
An annotated reference sequence representing the hexaploid bread wheat genome in 21 pseudomolecules has been analyzed to identify the distribution and genomic context of coding and noncoding elements across the A, B, and D subgenomes. With an estimated coverage of 94% of the genome and containing 107,891 high-confidence gene models, this assembly enabled the discovery of tissue- and developmental stage-related coexpression networks by providing a transcriptome atlas representing major stages of wheat development...
August 17, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109488/retrospective-study-of-the-digestive-tract-mucositis-derived-from-myeloablative-and-non-myeloablative-reduced-intensity-conditionings-with-busulfan-in-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-patient
#4
Fernanda P Eduardo, Leticia Mello Bezinelli, Marcella Gobbi, Flavia C P Rosin, Danielle L C Carvalho, Mariana Henriques Ferreira, Cinthya Correa da Silva, Nelson Hamerschlak, Luciana Corrêa
Busulfan is a major component of chemotherapy conditioning in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). This alkylating agent is highly toxic at myeloablative doses, exposing HCT patients to risks of mortality. Non-myeloablative (NMA) and reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) using busulfan have shown impaired toxicity. However, the toxicity of NMA/RIC in the digestive tract is poorly described. This study aimed to characterize the mucositis in the oral cavity (OM), oropharynx/esophagus, and gastrointestinal tract derived from conditionings with myeloablative and non-myeloablative doses of busulfan...
August 14, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107065/identification-of-a-novel-post-insertion-step-in-the-assembly-of-a-bacterial-outer-membrane-protein
#5
Janine H Peterson, Sunyia Hussain, Harris D Bernstein
Although the barrel assembly machinery (Bam) complex has been shown to facilitate the insertion of β barrel proteins into the bacterial outer membrane (OM), the stage at which β barrels fold is unknown. Here we describe insights into β barrel assembly that emerged from an analysis of a member of the autotransporter family of OM proteins (EspP) in E. coli. EspP contains an extracellular "passenger" domain that is translocated across the OM and then released from the covalently linked β barrel domain in an intra-barrel cleavage reaction...
August 14, 2018: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105786/bi-directional-modulation-of-cellular-interactions-in-an-in-vitro-co-culture-model-of-tendon-to-bone-interface
#6
I Calejo, Raquel Costa-Almeida, Ana Isabel Gonçalves, Dominika Berdecka, Rui Luis Reis, Manuela Estima Gomes
OBJECTIVES: This work aimed at studying in vitro interactions between human tendon-derived cells (hTDCs) and pre-osteoblasts (pre-OBs) that may trigger a cascade of events involved in enthesis regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of 5 osteogenic medium (OM) conditions over the modulation of hTDCs and pre-OBs towards the tenogenic and osteogenic phenotypes, respectively, was studied. Three different medium conditions were chosen for subsequently establishing a direct co-culture system in order to study the expression of bone, tendon and interface-related markers...
August 14, 2018: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104274/disrupting-gram-negative-bacterial-outer-membrane-biosynthesis-through-inhibition-of-the-lipopolysaccharide-transporter-msba
#7
Mary Kate Alexander, Anh Miu, Angela Oh, Mike Reichelt, Hoangdung Ho, Cecile Chalouni, Sharada Labadie, Lan Wang, Jun Liang, Nicholas N Nickerson, Huiyong Hu, Lan Yu, Miaofen Du, Donghong Yan, Summer Park, Janice Kim, Min Xu, Benjamin D Sellers, Hans E Purkey, Nicholas Skelton, Michael F T Koehler, Jian Payandeh, Vishal Verma, Yiming Xu, Christopher M Koth, Mireille Nishiyama
There is a critical need for new antibacterial strategies to counter the growing problem of antibiotic resistance. In Gram-negative bacteria, the outer membrane (OM) provides a protective barrier against antibiotics and other environmental insults. The outer leaflet of the outer membrane is primarily composed of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Outer membrane biogenesis presents many potentially compelling drug targets, as this pathway is absent in higher eukaryotes. Most proteins involved in LPS biosynthesis and transport are essential; however, few compounds have been identified that inhibit these proteins...
August 13, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103400/nutritional-metabolomics-postprandial-response-of-meals-relating-to-vegan-lacto-ovo-vegetarian-and-omnivore-diets
#8
Millie Rådjursöga, Helen M Lindqvist, Anders Pedersen, B Göran Karlsson, Daniel Malmodin, Lars Ellegård, Anna Winkvist
Metabolomics provide an unbiased tool for exploring the modulation of the human metabolome in response to food intake. This study applied metabolomics to capture the postprandial metabolic response to breakfast meals corresponding to vegan (VE), lacto ovo-vegetarian (LOV), and omnivore (OM) diets. In a cross over design 32 healthy volunteers (16 men and 16 females) consumed breakfast meals in a randomized order during three consecutive days. Fasting and 3 h postprandial serum samples were collected and then subjected to metabolite profiling using ¹H-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy...
August 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30101541/effects-of-live-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-and-type-of-cereal-on-rumen-microbial-fermentation-in-a-dual-flow-continuous-culture-fermentation-system
#9
Diego Moya, Alfred Ferret, Marta Blanch, Mari Carmen Fuentes, Jose Ignacio Fandiño, Sergio Calsamiglia
Live yeast additives may help optimize ruminal fermentation of high-grain diets, especially when the starch of the ration is highly fermentable. Eight dual flow continuous culture fermenters were used in a 2 × 2 factorial design in two replicated periods of 9 days (six for adaptation and three for sampling) to determine the effect of live yeast and type of cereal on rumen microbial fermentation and nutrient digestibility. Main factors were the addition of live yeast: no yeast (NY) vs. 2 × 107 CFU of yeast/g of diet (LY); and type of cereal in the diet: corn (CO) vs...
August 12, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099280/directional-brain-networks-underlying-om-chanting
#10
Naren P Rao, Gopikrishna Deshpande, Kalyani Bangalore Gangadhar, Rashmi Arasappa, Shivarama Varambally, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Bangalore N Ganagadhar
OM chanting is an ancient technique of Indian meditation. OM chanting is associated with an experience of relaxation, changes in autonomic balance and deactivation of limbic brain regions. While functional localization is important, how brain regions interact with each other has been shown to underlie various brain functions. Therefore, in this study, we tested the hypothesis that there is reduced communication between deactivated regions during OM chanting. In order to do so, we employed multivariate autoregressive model (MVAR) based Granger causality to obtain directional connectivity between deactivated regions...
August 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099256/an-update-on-small-molecule-strategies-targeting-leishmaniasis
#11
REVIEW
Swati Kapil, Pankaj Kumar Singh, Om Silakari
Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease caused by various species of protozoan parasite known as Leishmania, which is transmitted to its mammalian host via bite of an infected sandfly. Clinically, Leishmaniasis appears as following four conditions: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis, Visceral Leishmaniasis/Kala-azar, Post Kala azar dermal Leishmaniasis. Current therapies include pentavalent antimonials, Amphotericin B, Paromomycin, Miltefosine, Pentamidine, Sitamaquine. Presence of diverse survival pathways in the parasite to carry out various physiological functions has rendered targeting via drugs inefficient and troublesome...
August 6, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098215/a-risk-based-approach-to-identifying-oligometastatic-disease-on-imaging
#12
REVIEW
Nandita M deSouza, Clare M Tempany
Recognition of < 3 metastases in < 2 organs, particularly in cancers with a known predisposition to oligometastatic disease (OMD) (colorectal, prostate, renal, sarcoma and lung), offers the opportunity to focally treat the lesions identified and confers a survival advantage. The reliability with which OMD is identified depends on the sensitivity of the imaging technique used for detection and may be predicted from phenotypic and genetic factors of the primary tumour, which determine metastatic risk. Whole-body or organ-specific imaging to identify oligometastases requires optimization to achieve maximal sensitivity...
August 11, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097846/role-of-automated-urine-flow-cytometry-for-the-diagnosis-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-children
#13
REVIEW
Om P Mishra, Rajniti Prasad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096674/effect-of-long-term-manure-slurry-application-on-the-occurrence-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-arable-purple-soil-entisol
#14
Jian-Hua Cheng, Xiang-Yu Tang, Jun-Fang Cui
The application of animal manure is a highly recommended traditional agricultural practice for soils of relatively low fertility. However, for the farmland purple soils that are widely distributed in the upper Yangtze River region, little knowledge has been established in previous studies about the changes in the antibiotic resistome upon manure amendment. In the present study, the impact of long-term pig manure slurry application on the occurrence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and bacterial community was assessed in arable calcareous purple soil using high-throughput quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Illumina sequencing...
August 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093359/vaccine-development-for-urinary-tract-infections-where-do-we-stand
#15
REVIEW
Giuseppe Magistro, Christian G Stief
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections. Its management has become increasingly challenging due to antimicrobial resistance. The four mainstays to tackle this crisis rely on the development of new antibiotic agents, the introduction of preventive and alternative antimicrobial strategies, the concept of antimicrobial stewardship, and effective hygiene measures. One of the most effective approaches to prevent UTIs is the design of a potent vaccine. OM-89 is a lyophilised preparation of membrane proteins from 18 different uropathogenic Escherichia coli strains...
August 6, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093315/appropriate-surgical-margin-for-odontogenic-myxoma-a-review-of-12-cases
#16
Yukinobu Takahashi, Kae Tanaka, Hideaki Hirai, Eriko Marukawa, Toshiyuki Izumo, Hiroyuki Harada
OBJECTIVE: Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is a rare benign tumor that is frequently nonencapsulated and invades the surrounding bone, resulting in a high risk of recurrence. However, the optimal surgical technique and appropriate surgical margin remains controversial. Here, we report our clinical investigation of 12 patients with OM diagnosed histopathologically. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 12 patients treated at our institution. Osteotomy or bone shaving with enucleation was generally performed with 5-mm bony margins from the radiologic extent of the tumor...
June 25, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093035/triple-crosslinked%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-oligomer-self-healing-hydrogel-showing-high-mechanical-strength-enhanced-stability-and-ph-responsiveness
#17
Daham Jeong, Sang-Woo Joo, Vijay Vilas Shinde, Seunho Jung
A novel self-healing hydrogel was prepared from a cationic β-cyclodextrin oligomer allyl ether [C(βCD-OM)AE] using a triple cross-linking strategy combining electrostatic interaction, host-guest complexation, and CC bonds as the macrocrosslinker. Here, the C(βCD-OM)AE@Ad gel was successfully prepared by polymerization of synthesized C(βCD-OM)AE, 1-adamantyl acrylate, and acrylic acid. The triple cross-linked hydrogel shows multi-functionality of high mechanical strength, enhanced stability, cytocompatibility, pH responsiveness as well as self-healing ability...
October 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092874/evaluation-of-leucocytes-from-sputum-samples-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-using-flow-cytometry
#18
P C Gaspar, R C M Rudolf-Oliveira, L M Wildner, A C R de Moraes, M L Reis, R M da Silva, J Gonçalves, M L Bazzo, M C Santos-Silva
SETTING: Information about the sputum cells of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients is scarce. The analysis of sputum cells using optical microscopy (OM) is a well-established method, but it has some serious limitations. OBJECTIVE: To establish a new flow cytometry (FC) protocol for the leucocyte evaluation of sputum samples from PTB patients. DESIGN: A new FC protocol using 0.1% dithiothreitol and 0.5% paraformaldehyde was developed to fluidise sputum samples and kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis, respectively, to allow the analysis of sputum samples collected from TB patients...
September 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092692/fungal-osteomyelitis-in-diabetic-foot-infections-a-case-series-and-comparative-analysis
#19
Garneisha M Torrence, Brian M Schmidt
Fungal osteomyelitis (OM) is relatively rare. There is scarce literature discussing fungal OM in diabetic foot infections (DFIs). This case series explores the clinical characteristics of patients treated at a large tertiary academic center for DFI and found to have a causative agent of fungal origin in their bone on surgical intervention. Between July 2017 and March 2018, a prospective longitudinal analysis was performed of patients with diabetes admitted to our institution who underwent operative management of OM...
August 9, 2018: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092512/organic-matter-protection-by-kaolinite-over-bio-decomposition-as-suggested-by-lignin-and-solvent-extractable-lipid-molecular-markers
#20
Fangfang Li, Zhaofeng Chang, Kaythi Khaing, Yuwei Zhou, Haiyun Zhao, Ni Liang, Dandan Zhou, Bo Pan, Christian E W Steinberg
The formation of organo-mineral complexes is essential in organic matter (OM) stabilization. However, limited studies have been conducted to systematically examine the mineral influence on the decomposition of plant residuals at a molecular level. In this study, pine needles and chestnut leaves were mixed with kaolinite at the weight ratio of 5:1. The controls were plant tissues without kaolinite. All the samples were incubated in the laboratory for one year. Molecular markers, including lignin-derived phenols (e...
July 31, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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