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Clinical interview

Madeleine U Shalowitz, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Marianne M Hillemeier, Vernon M Chinchilli, Emma K Adam, Calvin J Hobel, Sharon Landesman Ramey, Maxine Reed Vance, Patricia O'Campo, John M Thorp, Teresa E Seeman, Tonse N K Raju
OBJECTIVE:  Allostatic load (AL) represents multisystem physiological "wear-and-tear" reflecting emerging chronic disease risk. We assessed AL during the first year postpartum in a diverse community sample with known health disparities. METHODS:  The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development Community Child Health Network enrolled 2,448 predominantly low-income African-American, Latina, and White women immediately after delivery of liveborn infants at ≥20 weeks' gestation, following them over time with interviews, clinical measures, and biomarkers...
December 14, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Qin Dai, Lidan Hu, Zhengzhi Feng
Difficulty in clinical antidepressant treatment leads to the pursuit of alternative treatments, such as cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT). CBT combined with regular antidepressants have indicated an optimal therapeutic effect in clinic. Attentional bias is important in the occurrence and remission of depression, however, few studies have explored the effect of attentional bias modification (ABM) on depression, and inconsistent results have been obtained due to the heterogeneity in the targeted populations, training tasks, strategies, and materials...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Mavis Machirori, Christine Patch, Alison Metcalfe
Within the field of breast cancer care, women concerned about their family history are offered genetic testing and subsequent treatment options based on several factors which include but are not limited to personal and family cancer disease histories and clinical guidelines. Discussions around decision-making in genetics in Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups are rarely documented in literature, and information regarding interactions with genetics services is usually discussed and linked to lack of scientific knowledge...
December 11, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Phil Woods, Don Leidl, Janet Luimes, Lorna Butler
INTRODUCTION: There is overwhelming evidence to support the delivery of high-quality health service at a lower cost with the use of advanced technologies. Implementing remote presence technology to expand clinical care has been fraught with barriers that limit interprofessional collaboration and optimal client outcomes. In Canada, government ministries responsible for correctional services, policing, and health are well positioned to link federal, provincial, and regional services to enhance service delivery at the point of care for individuals detained within the justice system...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
Eden R Brauer, Elisa F Long, Joy Melnikow, Peter M Ravdin, Patricia A Ganz
PURPOSE: According to the Institute of Medicine, high-quality cancer care should include effective communication between clinicians and patients about the risks and benefits, expected response, and impact on quality of life of a recommended therapy. In the delivery of oncology care, the barriers to and facilitators of communication about potential long-term and late effects, post-treatment expectations, and transition to survivorship care have not been fully defined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected qualitative data through semistructured interviews with medical oncologists and focus groups with breast cancer survivors and applied the Theoretical Domains Framework to systematically analyze and identify the factors that may influence oncologists' communication with patients with breast cancer about the long-term and late effects of adjuvant therapy...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
Benedikt Till, Florian Arendt, Sebastian Scherr, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
OBJECTIVE: Media stories on how to cope with suicidal crises have been shown to reduce suicidal ideation, but studies investigating if effects differ depending on delivery by individuals with or without personal experience of suicidality are lacking. The present study aimed to examine effects of news articles featuring interviews with experts with vs without personal experience of suicidal ideation. METHODS: In a web-based, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial conducted in April and May 2017, a total of 545 adults recruited from the general population were randomly assigned to read a news article featuring an interview with a suicide expert disclosing personal experience of suicidal ideation, the same article without disclosure of personal experience, or an article unrelated to suicide...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Patricia A Barfield
PROBLEM: A common clinical approach to children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is to view them through an adult-proxy report of problems. There is little evidence on how children with ADHD evaluate their life satisfaction, how their evaluations compare with unaffected children, or how their perspectives might inform clinical practice. METHODS: A parallel convergent mixed-methods design was used to interview 20 children (aged, 7-11 years) with ADHD...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Patricia O'Connell, Benjamin Gaston, Tracey Bonfield, Theresa Grabski, David Fletcher, Steven L Shein
BACKGROUND: Periostin is a protein that serves as a downstream marker of the T-helper type 2 (Th2) cell response. It may serve to identify drug-responsive inflammatory phenotypes, particularly in children with asthma and possibly bronchiolitis. There are no published levels of periostin in healthy children <2 years of age, limiting interpretation of periostin levels in disease. We sought to explore the range of periostin levels of children <2 years without significant confounding illnesses...
December 11, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Brian Chan, Samuel T Edwards, Meg Devoe, Richard Gil, Matthew Mitchell, Honora Englander, Christina Nicolaidis, Devan Kansagara, Somnath Saha, P Todd Korthuis
BACKGROUND: Medically complex urban patients experiencing homelessness comprise a disproportionate number of high-cost, high-need patients. There are few studies of interventions to improve care for these populations; their social complexity makes them difficult to study and requires clinical and research collaboration. We present a protocol for a trial of the streamlined unified meaningfully managed interdisciplinary team (SUMMIT) team, an ambulatory ICU (A-ICU) intervention to improve utilization and patient experience that uses control populations to address limitations of prior research...
December 14, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
Beenish Nafees, Zenia M Størling, Charlotte Hindsberger, Andrew Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Leakage is a major concern for people who use a stoma, but people's experience and its impact is not well understood. This study aimed to establish a definition of leakage through clinical and user input. This information was used to develop and validate a new measurement tool to understand the impact of leakage for people using a stoma appliance, in the UK, US, France, and Denmark. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a panel of users, hosted by Coloplast, that includes people who currently use Coloplast products...
December 14, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Rana Abu Farha, Khawla Abu Hammour, Sayida Al-Jamei, Raja AlQudah, Mohammed Zawiah
BACKGROUND: Medication discrepancies are seen frequently in hospital setting upon admission or discharge. Medication Reconciliation service is a practice designed to ensure that patients' medications are ordered in a correct manner upon hospital admission, thus reducing the risk of having medication discrepancies. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of medication discrepancies and their clinical seriousness in pediatric patients at the time of hospital admission. METHODS: A prevalence cross-sectional study was conducted at the pediatric departement at the Jordan University hospital between March-May 2018...
December 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Zamzam Ahmed, Yogini Jani, Bryony Dean Franklin
BACKGROUND: A previous census of electronic prescribing (EP) systems in England showed that more than half of hospitals with EP reported more than one EP system within the same hospital. Our objectives were to describe the rationale for having multiple EP systems within a single hospital, and to explore perceptions of stakeholders about the advantages and disadvantages of multiple systems including any impact on patient safety. METHODS: Hospitals were selected from previous census respondents...
December 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Thomas Shepherd, Heather Burroughs, Katie Dixon, David Kessler
BACKGROUND: Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, and is a major contributor to the overall global burden of disease. The number of prescriptions for antidepressants has risen dramatically in recent years yet up to 50% of patients who are treated for depression with antidepressants do not report feeling better as a result of treatment, and do not show the desired improvement on depression measures. We report a qualitative study embedded in a trial of second antidepressant for people who had not responded to one antidepressant, exploring the acceptability of a combination of antidepressants from the perspectives of both patients and practitioners, together with experiences of participating in a clinical trial...
December 14, 2018: BMC Family Practice
Dennis A Revicki, Sara Lavoie, Rebecca M Speck, Jorge Puelles, Braden Kuo, Michael Camilleri, Cristina Almansa, Henry P Parkman
BACKGROUND: The American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index-Daily Diary (ANMS GCSI-DD) was developed to meet Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommendations for patient-reported outcome (PRO) endpoints in gastroparesis studies, including therapeutic trials. The current version of the ANMS GCSI-DD contains five items pertaining to nausea, early satiety, post-prandial fullness, upper abdominal pain, and vomiting. The specific aims of this study were to determine if the appropriate symptoms are included in the ANMS GCSI-DD and to assess the content validity in patients with idiopathic (IG) and diabetic gastroparesis (DG)...
December 13, 2018: Journal of patient-reported outcomes
Linda Nyholm, Susanne Salmela, Lisbet Nyström
The aim of this study was to describe researchers' experiences of participation in reflective dialogues through a hermeneutic application research approach. The aim was also to describe their perspectives on application, that is, the inner appropriation and application of theory into practice and vice versa. Twenty-one clinical coresearchers and four scientific researchers participated in reflective dialogues in a project on ethical sustainable caring cultures, in which an application research approach was used...
January 2018: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
Carla Fabiana Carletti Pessotti, Lineu Corrêa Fonseca, Gloria Maria de Almeida Souza Tedrus, Diana Tosello Laloni
There are gaps in knowledge regarding how the family caregiver deals with the burden of caring for elderly people with dementia. Objective: To evaluate the family caregivers' perception of quality of life (QoL), burden, resilience and religiosity and relate them with cognitive aspects and occurrence of neuropsychiatric symptoms of elderly with dementia. Methods: Data from the QoL-AD scale, caregivers' version, burden interview, resilience scale, Beck depression inventory and PDUREL of 50 family caregivers were correlated with disability assessment for dementia, neuropsychiatric inventory and clinical aspects of 50 elderly with dementia...
October 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
Evelise Saia Rodolpho Duarte, Liciane Vaz de Arruda Silveira, Vanessa de Albuquerque Cítero, Alessandro Ferrari Jacinto
Objective: Population aging is a global phenomenon associated with a rising prevalence of chronic degenerative diseases such as dementia. Dementia poses a challenge not only for patients but also their family caregivers who, in exercising this role, are at higher risk of mental illness. The present study investigated the prevalence of common mental disorders (CMD) in family caregivers of demented elderly seen at a geriatric outpatient clinic of a Brazilian teaching hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which the following assessment instruments were applied: the Self Reporting Questionnaire, Zarit Burden Interview, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Mini-Mental State Examination (caregivers aged ≥65 years) plus a sociodemographic questionnaire...
October 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
Elaine Zibrowski, Lisa Shepherd, Kamran Sedig, Richard Booth, Candace Gibson
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of Lean Thinking as a quality improvement method for health care has been contested due, in part, to our limited contextual understanding of how it affects the working conditions and clinical workflow of nurses and physicians. Although there are some initial indications, arising from prevalence surveys and interviews, that Lean may intensify work performed within medical environments, the evidence base still requires detailed descriptions of the changes that were actually introduced to individuals' clinical workflow and how these changes impacted health care professionals...
December 13, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
Melanie Handley, Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman
BACKGROUND: There are an increasing number of interventions to improve hospital care for patients with dementia. Evidence for their impact on staff actions and patient outcomes is, however, limited and context dependent. OBJECTIVE: To explain the factors that support hospital staff to provide dementia sensitive care and with what outcomes for patients with dementia. DESIGN: A realist evaluation using a two-site case study approach. SETTING: Two hospital trusts in the East of England...
November 30, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Hildi Hagedorn, Marie Kenny, Adam J Gordon, Princess E Ackland, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Wei Yu, Alex H S Harris
BACKGROUND: In the US, emergency room visits and overdoses related to prescription opioids have soared and the rates of illicit opioid use, including heroin and fentanyl, are increasing. Opioid use disorder (OUD) is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, higher HIV and HCV infection rates, and criminal behavior. Opioid agonist therapy (OAT; methadone and buprenorphine) is proven to be effective in treating OUD and decreasing its negative consequences. While the efficacy of OAT has been established, too few providers prescribe OAT to patients with OUD due to patient, provider, or system factors...
December 13, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
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