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Cut and paste

Sholeh Ghabraei, Behnam Bolhari, Mohammad Marvi Sabbagh, Mahsa Sobhi Afshar
Objectives: The purpose of this in-vitro study was to determine and compare the shortest period needed for a triple antibiotic paste (TAP) and calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2 ) plus 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) to eradicate the biofilm of Enterococcus faecalis (EF) from the root canal system. Materials and Methods: Sixty-five extracted single-rooted human teeth with straight root canals were selected. The crowns were cut from the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), and canal preparations were done by step-back technique...
May 2018: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Philipp Aichinger, Jean Schoentgen
OBJECTIVES: Diplophonia is a common symptom of voice disorder that is in need of objectification. We investigated whether diplophonia can be detected from audio recordings of text readings by means of dedicated audio signal processing, ie, a descendant of a formerly published "Diplophonia Diagram." STUDY DESIGN: Diagnostic study. METHODS: Forty subjects were included who had been clinically rated in the past as diplophonic. For each subject, the audio signal of the German standard text "Der Nordwind und die Sonne" was recorded...
August 5, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Anup Katheria, Shigeharu Hosono, Walid El-Naggar
In the past five years, umbilical cord management in both term and preterm infants has come full circle, going from the vast majority of infants receiving immediate cord clamping to virtually all governing organizations promoting placental transfusion, mainly in the form of delayed cord clamping (DCC). Placental transfusion refers to the transfer of more blood components to the infant during the first few minutes after birth. The different strategies for ensuring placental transfusion to the baby include delayed (deferred) cord clamping, milking of the attached cord before clamping, and milking of the cut cord...
July 20, 2018: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Alon B Henson, Piotr S Gromski, Leroy Cronin
Recently, automated robotic systems have become very efficient, thanks to improved coupling between sensor systems and algorithms, of which the latter have been gaining significance thanks to the increase in computing power over the past few decades. However, intelligent automated chemistry platforms for discovery orientated tasks need to be able to cope with the unknown, which is a profoundly hard problem. In this Outlook, we describe how recent advances in the design and application of algorithms, coupled with the increased amount of chemical data available, and automation and control systems may allow more productive chemical research and the development of chemical robots able to target discovery...
July 25, 2018: ACS Central Science
Janna Cousijn, A C K van Duijvenvoorde
A milestone in cannabis research is the establishment of a clinically relevant cannabis withdrawal syndrome, yet little is known about the underlying mechanisms. We investigated the predictive role of mental health and cognitive factors in withdrawal severity during an active attempt to cut down, relative to uninterrupted cannabis use. Ninety heavy cannabis users were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group. The experimental group was asked to cut down substance use for 1 week. Past week substance use, substance use-related problems, depressive symptoms, cravings, and cognitive control were assessed at baseline...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Jianchao Tan, Stephen DiVerdi, Jingwan Lu, Yotam Gingold
The colorful appearance of a physical painting is determined by the distribution of paint pigments across the canvas, which we model as a per-pixel mixture of a small number of pigments with multispectral absorption and scattering coefficients. We present an algorithm to efficiently recover this structure from an RGB image, yielding a plausible set of pigments and a low RGB reconstruction error. We show that under certain circumstances we are able to recover pigments that are close to ground truth, while in all cases our results are always plausible...
July 23, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Prakhar Gupta, Subbaiah Rajapandian, Sandeep C Sabnis, Chinnusamy Palanivelu
Appendicitis presenting at small bowel obstruction due to the formation of encircling loop around a bowel segment is a rare occurrence. We report such case managed with the laparoscopic approach. A 45-year-old woman presented to emergency services with severe pain in abdomen and bilious vomiting in the past 2 days, having a history of abdominal hysterectomy 10 years ago. The abdominal examination was suggestive of bowel obstruction. A CT showed dilated bowel loops with complete cut-off at the level of the terminal ileum...
July 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Marlen Putz, Thomas Piper, Alessandro Casilli, Francisco Radler de Aquino Neto, Fausto Pigozzo, Mario Thevis
The misuse of the steroid hormone testosterone for performance enhancement has been frequently reported in the past, and its administration is prohibited in sports according to the regulations of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). Testosterone is produced endogenously in human. Endogenous and exogenous testosterone together with their metabolites can be unambiguously distinguished by means of their carbon isotope ratios if compared to endogenous reference compounds. Established isotope ratio mass spectrometry methods for analyzing urinary steroids for doping control purposes consist of up to two time-consuming HPLC purification steps to achieve the required purity of all analytes...
November 7, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Zahra Khamverdi, Matin Kordestani, Narges Panahandeh, Fariba Naderi, Shahin Kasraei
Introduction: It has been suggested that the application of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate paste (CPP-ACP) and CO2 laser irradiation on enamel could increase the resistance of enamel to caries and acid attacks. The aim of the current study was to compare the influence of CPP-ACP paste application and irradiation of CO2 laser on microhardness of demineralized enamel. Methods: Thirty sound maxillary extracted premolars were selected. The crowns were cut at the cervical line and were split into facial and palatal halves...
2018: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Lorina Ineta Badger-Emeka, Promise Madu Emeka, Michael Okosi
Objectives: The use of non-prescribed antibiotics has become a public health concern, and this behavior continues to thrive in many countries of the world including Nigeria. Evidence from previous studies suggests that increased antibiotic prescriptions and patients' past experiences are some of the factors contributing to the use of non-prescribed antibiotics. The present investigation was aimed at determining the factors driving this behavior and the extent of usage among people living in a sub-urban Nigerian community...
July 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Arif Emre, Sami Akbulut, Mehmet Sertkaya, Muharrem Bitiren, Ilhami Taner Kale, Ertan Bulbuloglu
Introduction: The most important risk factors for colorectal cancer are age, high ASA score, anemia, low albumin, tumor stage, histopathological properties, tumor's relationship with adjacent tissues, positivity of surgical borders and timing of the surgical procedure. Aim: To determine possible risk factors for mortality in patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery. Material and methods: The medical records of 101 consecutive patients who underwent colorectal cancer surgery at the Department of Surgery, Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey between January 2008 and November 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
Ashis Biswas, Mingon Kang, Dongchul Kim, Jean Gao
Over the past few years, it has been established that a number of long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) are linked to a wide variety of human diseases. The relationship among many other lincRNAs still remains as puzzle. Validation of such link between the two entities through biological experiments is expensive. However, piles of information about the two are becoming available, thanks to the High Throughput Sequencing (HTS) platforms, Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS), etc, thereby opening opportunity for cutting-edge machine learning and data mining approaches...
June 7, 2018: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
Michelle Siu Min Lauw, Abishek Mathew Abraham, Cheryl Bee Lock Loh
Background: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is a prominent mental health concern among adolescents. Few studies have examined adolescent DSH in non-Western countries. This study examines the prevalence, types and associated risk factors of DSH in a clinical sample of adolescents in Singapore. Methods: Using a retrospective review of medical records, demographic and clinical data were obtained from 398 consecutive adolescent psychiatric outpatients (mean age = 17...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Yuko Nishikawa, Hidehiro Oku, Masahiro Tonari, Junko Matsuo, Jun Sugasawa, Tsunehiko Ikeda
Purpose: Idiopathic orbital inflammation (IOI) and orbital cellulitis can present similar clinical features, and the diagnoses of these two disorders are sometimes confused. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether or not inflammatory markers in the blood can be useful to differentiate between IOI and orbital cellulitis in cases with acute eyelid erythema and edema. Subjects and methods: In this retrospective single-institute study, we reviewed the medical records spanning the past 10 years at the Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Medical College Hospital, Takatsuki, Osaka, Japan, and found 45 cases, with patients >15 years of age, with presumed IOI...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Siegfried R Waldvogel, Sebastian Lips, Maximilian Selt, Barbara Riehl, Christopher J Kampf
Arylated products are found in various fields of chemistry and represent essential entities for many applications. Therefore, the formation of this structural feature represents a central issue of contemporary organic synthesis. By the action of electricity the necessity of leaving groups, metal catalysts, stoichiometric oxidizers, or reducing agents can be omitted in part or even completely. The replacement of conventional reagents by sustainable electricity not only will be environmentally benign but also allows significant short cuts in electrochemical synthesis...
July 25, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Laura Senier, Leandra Smollin, Rachael Lee, Lauren Nicoll, Michael Shields, Catherine Tan
In the past decade, healthcare delivery has faced two major disruptions: the mapping of the human genome and the rise of evidence-based practice. Sociologists have documented the paradigmatic shift towards evidence-based practice in medicine, but have yet to examine its effect on other health professions or the broader healthcare arena. This article shows how evidence-based practice is transforming public health in the United States. We present an in-depth qualitative analysis of interview, ethnographic, and archival data to show how Michigan's state public health agency has navigated the turn to evidence-based practice, as they have integrated scientific advances in genomics into their chronic disease prevention programming...
June 23, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly, Prue Cormie, Suzanne Chambers, John S Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy
Depression in men with prostate cancer is a significant and complex issue that can challenge clinicians' diagnostic efforts. The objective of the current study was to evaluate prototypic and male-specific depression symptoms and suicidal ideation in men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer relative to those with and without comorbidity. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Male Depression Risk Scale-22 (MDRS-22) were completed online along with demographic and background variables by 100 men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer ( n = 54 prostatectomy, n = 33 receiving active treatment)...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Longlong Wang, Bingbing Chen, Jun Ma, Guanglei Cui, Liquan Chen
By breaking through the energy density limits step-by-step, the use of lithium cobalt oxide-based Li-ion batteries (LCO-based LIBs) has led to the unprecedented success of consumer electronics over the past 27 years. Recently, strong demands for the quick renewal of the properties of electronic products every so often have resulted in smarter, larger screened, more lightweight devices with longer standby times that have pushed the energy density of LCO-based LIBs nearly to their limit. As a result, with the aim of achieving a higher energy density and lifting the upper cut-off voltage of LCO above 4...
June 29, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Fu-Hui Dong
The miminally-invasive techniques of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) uses different types of acupuncture needles to treat diseased locations with special techniques. These techniques include different methods of insertion and closed incision (press cutting, sliding cutting, scrape cutting, etc.). This needling technique is based on the traditional Chinese medicine theories of Pi Bu (cutaneous), Jing Jin (sinew), Jing Luo (meridian), Wu Ti (five body structure components) and Zang Fu (organ system). Commonly used needles include: needle Dao , needle with edge, Pi needle, Shui needle, Ren needle, Gou needle, Chang Yuan needle, Bo needle and so on...
June 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Maurizio Margaglione, Mariano Intrieri
Over the past few decades, important knowledge on why inhibitors develop and better information about significant risk factors have become available. A series of both genetic and nongenetic factors are recognized and clinical score systems were proposed to quantify the risk for each patient. In addition, modulation of the immunological response was acknowledged to play a pivotal role in the occurrence of inhibitors. However, with the exception of mutation testing in severe hemophilia B patients, no single risk factor or clinical score is currently utilized in clinical practice...
June 25, 2018: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
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