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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454076/the-biological-basis-of-treating-jaw-discrepancies-an-interplay-of-mechanical-forces-and-skeletal-configuration
#1
REVIEW
Konstantinos Karamesinis, Efthimia K Basdra
Jaw discrepancies and malrelations affect a large proportion of the general population and their treatment is of utmost significance for individuals' health and quality of life. The aim of their therapy is the modification of aberrant jaw development mainly by targeting the growth potential of the mandibular condyle through its cartilage, and the architectural shape of alveolar bone through a suture type of structure, the periodontal ligament. This targeted treatment is achieved via external mechanical force application by using a wide variety of intraoral and extraoral appliances...
February 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453730/robotic-assisted-bladder-diverticulectomy-point-of-technique-to-identify-the-diverticulum
#2
Annelisse Ashton, Ricardo Soares, Venkata Ramana Murthy Kusuma, Dimitrios Moschonas, Matthew Perry, Krishna Patil
We aim to outline our technique of performing a robotic-assisted bladder diverticulectomy at our institution and report our surgical outcomes. We report the cases of three robotic-assisted bladder diverticulectomies, performed at the Royal Surrey County Hospital during the period of January 2014 to December 2015. Patient was positioned in low dorsal lithotomy position. A 6Fr double-J stent was prophylactically inserted at the start of the procedure. Foley catheter was placed over guide wire into the diverticulum and balloon inflated on the diverticulum neck...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453728/single-site-port-robotic-assisted-hysterectomy-an-update
#3
REVIEW
Christos Iavazzo, Evelyn Eleni Minis, Ioannis D Gkegkes
Single-incision approach in robotic gynecology is a relatively new concept. The role of single-port systems in robotic hysterectomy, their advantages and disadvantages, as well as the technical challenges, are still under investigation. A systematic review was performed by searching in PubMed and Scopus databases. In 810 out of 1225 patients, hysterectomy was performed for non-neoplastic disease. Single-Site ® was the most common port system. Duration of the procedure and relative blood loss ranged from 60 to 311 min and 7 to 750 ml, respectively...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453694/percutaneous-left-atrial-appendage-occlusion-in-the-prevention-of-stroke-in-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Jayson R Baman, Moussa Mansour, E Kevin Heist, David T Huang, Yitschak Biton
Atrial fibrillation is commonly coexistent with heart failure, and the management of the heart failure patient would be incomplete without an appreciation for atrial fibrillation management. There are many complications associated with oral anticoagulation in the prevention of stroke related to atrial fibrillation. In recent years, the advent of several percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion/closure strategies has sought to provide an alternative treatment modality. Here, we systematically review the published literature to investigate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous LAA occlusion/closure devices...
February 17, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453407/neovasculature-can-be-induced-by-patching-an-arterial-graft-into-a-vein-a-novel-in-vivo-model-of-spontaneous-arteriovenous-fistula-formation
#5
Yukinobu Ito, Makoto Yoshida, Daichi Maeda, Masato Takahashi, Hiroshi Nanjo, Hirotake Masuda, Akiteru Goto
Arteriovenous malformations consist of tangles of arteries and veins that are often connected by a fistula. The causes and mechanisms of these clinical entities are not fully understood. We discovered that suturing an arterial patch into the common jugular vein of rabbits led to spontaneous neovascularization, the formation of an arteriovenous fistula and the development of an arteriovenous shunt. An arterial patch excised from the common carotid artery was sutured into the common jugular vein. Within a month, a dense nidus-like neovasculature formed around the patch...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453394/experimental-modelling-of-cardiac-pressure-overload-hypertrophy-modified-technique-for-precise-reproducible-safe-and-easy-aortic-arch-banding-debanding-in-mice
#6
David Merino, Aritz Gil, Jenny Gómez, Luis Ruiz, Miguel Llano, Raquel García, María A Hurlé, J Francisco Nistal
Pressure overload left ventricular hypertrophy is a known precursor of heart failure with ominous prognosis. The development of experimental models that reproduce this phenomenon is instrumental for the advancement in our understanding of its pathophysiology. The gold standard of these models is the controlled constriction of the mid aortic arch in mice according to Rockman's technique (RT). We developed a modified technique that allows individualized and fully controlled constriction of the aorta, improves efficiency and generates a reproducible stenosis that is technically easy to perform and release...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453001/transmitral-septal-myectomy-for-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy
#7
Brody Wehman, Mehrdad Ghoreishi, Nathaniel Foster, Libin Wang, Michael N D'Ambra, Nathan Maassel, Sam Maghami, Rachael Quinn, Murtaza Dawood, Stacy Fisher, James S Gammie
BACKGROUND: Intrinsic abnormalities of the mitral valve are common in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and may need to be addressed at operation. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing transmitral septal myectomy were retrospectively reviewed. The ventricular septum was exposed through a left atriotomy, and the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve was detached from its annulus. An extended myectomy was performed to the base of the papillary muscles. After myectomy, the anterior leaflet was reattached and concomitant mitral valve repair or replacement was performed...
February 13, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452943/effect-of-episiotomy-training-with-beef-tongue-and-sponge-simulators-on-the-self-confidence-building-of-midwifery-students
#8
Handan Guler, Perihan Cetin, Zeliha Burcu Yurtsal, Busra Cesur, Mine Bekar, Tuba Uçar, Funda Evcili, Ali Cetin
This study assesses the efficacy of simulation-based episiotomy training (SBET) with beef tongue and sponge models in terms of the self confidence of midwifery students while performing episiotomy. Third-year midwifery students from Cumhuriyet University in the fall semesters of 2011 and 2012 were enrolled in the sponge and beef tongue model groups (n = 36 and n = 37, respectively). A checklist was prepared on the required skills for performing episiotomy which can be broken into three main parts, namely preparation, cutting and repairing and completion...
February 9, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452448/-fulminant-panendophthalmitis-from-streptococcus-pneumoniae-after-removal-of-corneal-suture
#9
Helga Reinshagen, Heinrich Gerding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452443/gender-comparison-of-medical-student-microsurgical-skills-in-a-laboratory-model
#10
Rowena Sudario-Lumague, Yuan-Cheng Chiang, Tsan-Shiun Lin
BACKGROUND: Perceived gender-related differences in surgical skills could limit opportunities available for any aspiring surgeon. There should be more available literature and logical analysis of these observations. The objective of this study is to evaluate the microsurgical skills of male and female medical students using a standard scale in the laboratory. METHODS: This study included medical students enrolled in the Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital from 2002 to 2015 who were evaluated by a senior consultant for their microsurgical skills...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452442/simplifying-arterial-coupling-in-microsurgery-a-preclinical-assessment-of-an-everter-device-to-aid-with-arterial-anastomosis
#11
Ian C Sando, Jeffrey S Plott, Brendan M McCracken, Mohamad H Tiba, Kevin R Ward, Jeffrey H Kozlow, Paul S Cederna, Adeyiza O Momoh
BACKGROUND: A novel arterial everter device was engineered to simplify microvascular coupling of arteries by reliably securing the stiff, muscular wall of arteries over coupler pins. We compare microvascular coupling with the everter device to manual suturing for arterial anastomoses in a live large animal model. METHODS: In this preliminary study, bilateral external femoral arteries of five male swine were exposed and sharply divided. Arteries were anastomosed using either interrupted sutures ( n = 5) or the everter device and Synovis Coupler ( n = 5)...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451989/all-done-procedure-by-laser-in-free-gingival-graft-treatment-a-case-series-study
#12
Reza Fekrazad, Nasim Chiniforush, Katayoun Kalhori
AIM: This case series study evaluated the application of Er;Cr:YSGG laser for a free gingival graft procedure and the effect of low level laser therapy on post surgical pain and wound healing. CASES: 6 cases with mucogingival problems needing free gingival grafts were selected. First, the recipient site was anesthetized and de-epithelialization was done with a Er;Cr:YSGG laser. After tracing the palatal donor site with the laser, the graft was harvested. For root modification of the recipient tooth, conditioning of the dentin was done by the same laser...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448861/self-retaining-barbed-suture-reduces-warm-ischemia-time-during-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy
#13
Mingshuai Wang, Xingyu Mu, Feiya Yang, Yinong Niu, Nianzeng Xing
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of self-retaining barbed suture in renorrhaphy during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy by comparing surgical outcomes in a prospective randomized manner. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From July 2014 to July 2015, a total of 60 patients with T1 renal tumor were randomized into two equal groups: self-retaining barbed suture (SRBS) and conventional absorbable polyglactin suture (non-SRBS group). All patients were treated by retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy...
February 15, 2018: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448502/-in-vitro-mechanical-performance-study-of-biodegradable-polylactic-acid-hydroxyapatite-nanocomposites-for-fixation-medical-devices
#14
Jinsu Park, Bae-Jung Kim, Ji-Yeong Hwang, Yo-Woong Yoon, Hoon-Sang Cho, Dong-Hyun Kim, Jong Kook Lee, Seog-Young Yoon
Osteoconductive, biocompatible, and resorbable organic/inorganic composites are most commonly used in fixation medical devices, such as suture anchors and interference screws, because of their unique physical and chemical properties. Generally, studies on biodegradable composites have focused on their mechanical properties based on the composition and the individual roles of organic and inorganic biomaterials. In this study, we prepared biodegradable organic/inorganic nanocomposite materials using the solvent mixing process and conventional molding...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447856/laparoscopic-sacrohysteropexy-in-a-12-weeks-pregnant-woman
#15
Berna Haliloglu Peker, Erdin Ilter, Hakan Peker, Aygen Celik, Ali Gursoy, Onur Gunaldi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy for a case of uterine prolapse in a 12 weeks and 3 days pregnant woman. To our knowledge, this is the first case of laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy performed at 12th weeks of gestation to be reported in literature. DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgical procedure (Canadian Task Force classification III) SETTING: Uterine prolapse is very rare condition manifesting in an estimated 10000 to 15000 pregnancies (1)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447327/-unknown-title
#16
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The lack of nasal tip support resulting in poor protection and projection of the nose is a common cause of nasal obstruction and cosmetic impairment. Although septal cartilage is preferred for restoration of nasal tip support, there is often not enough septal cartilage available. We describe an intercrural columellar strut graft in a circumferential soft tissue pocket: the I-Beam technique. METHODOLOGY: In this cohort study over an 8-year period the clinical and biometrical long-term results after restoration of nasal tip support with an autologous auricular cartilage graft, the I-Beam technique, is evaluated...
February 15, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447325/-unknown-title
#17
E Novoa, D Simmen, H R Briner, C Schlegel
BACKGROUND: The lack of nasal tip support resulting in poor protection and projection of the nose is a common cause of nasal obstruction and cosmetic impairment. Although septal cartilage is preferred for restoration of nasal tip support, there is often not enough septal cartilage available. We describe an intercrural columellar strut graft in a circumferential soft tissue pocket: the I-Beam technique. METHODOLOGY: In this cohort study over an 8-year period the clinical and biometrical long-term results after restoration of nasal tip support with an autologous auricular cartilage graft, the I-Beam technique, is evaluated...
February 15, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447306/knotless-tape-suture-fixation-of-quadriceps-tendon-rupture-a-novel-technique
#18
James M Paci, Amanda Pawlak
Quadriceps tendon ruptures disrupt the extensor mechanism of the knee and require urgent surgical management. Traditional repair techniques have had mixed biomechanical and clinical results risking weakness and extensor lag. We describe a novel technique using tape suture and knotless anchors, which has performed superiorly during biomechanical testing and yielded terrific early clinical results.
January 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447269/correction-viable-adhered-staphylococcus-aureus-highly-reduced-on-novel-antimicrobial-sutures-using-chlorhexidine-and-octenidine-to-avoid-surgical-site-infection-ssi
#19
Andreas Obermeier, Jochen Schneider, Norbert Harrasser, Jutta Tübel, Heinrich Mühlhofer, Dominik Pförringer, Constantin von Deimling, Peter Foehr, Barbara Kiefel, Christina Krämer, Axel Stemberger, Matthias Schieker, Rainer Burgkart, Rüdiger von Eisenhart-Rothe
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190912.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446703/use-of-the-5-mm-endoscopic-stapler-for-ligation-of-fistula-in-laparoscopic-assisted-repair-of-anorectal-malformation
#20
Bethany J Slater, Saundra Kay, Steven S Rothenberg
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic anorectoplasty (LARRP) for the treatment of select anorectal malformations has gained popularity due to enhanced visualization of the fistula and the ability to place the rectum within the sphincter complex while minimizing division of muscles and the perineal incision. However, given the technical challenges and reported complications of ligation, a number of techniques have been described, including using clips, suture ligation, endoloops, or division without closure...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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