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Refugee mental

Bushra Sabri, Veronica P S Njie-Carr, Jill T Messing, Nancy Glass, Teresa Brockie, Ginger Hanson, James Case, Jacquelyn C Campbell
Intimate partner violence (IPV), including homicides is a widespread and significant public health problem, disproportionately affecting immigrant, refugee and indigenous women in the United States (US). This paper describes the protocol of a randomized control trial testing the utility of administering culturally tailored versions of the danger assessment (DA, measure to assess risk of homicide, near lethality and potentially lethal injury by an intimate partner) along with culturally adapted versions of the safety planning (myPlan) intervention: a) weWomen (designed for immigrant and refugee women) and b) ourCircle (designed for indigenous women)...
December 2, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Sanjana Pampati, Zaineb Alattar, Evette Cordoba, Madiha Tariq, Carlos Mendes de Leon
BACKGROUND: Arab refugees and immigrants living in the United States may be exposed to political, economic, social, and environmental stressors that may affect their mental health. Yet, little is known regarding mental health outcomes among Arab Americans. The purpose of this study was to measure depression and anxiety levels among Arabs in Southeast Michigan and determine whether these levels differ by resident status: refugee, immigrant, or U.S. born. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in a convenience sample of 275 adults who self-identify as Arab living in Southeast Michigan...
December 4, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Claire E Oppenheim, Kathleen Axelrod, Jeremiah Menyongai, Bernadette Chukwuezi, Alison Tam, David C Henderson, Christina P C Borba
Community-based participatory research methodology is driven by community interests and rooted in community involvement throughout the research process. This article describes the use of community-based participatory research methodology in the HEAAL project (Health and Mental Health Education and Awareness for Africans in Lowell), a research collaboration between Christ Jubilee International Ministries-a nondenominational Christian church in Lowell, Massachusetts, that serves an African immigrant and refugee congregation-and the Massachusetts General Hospital Department of Psychiatry...
January 2019: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Elena Jirovsky, Kathryn Hoffmann, Elisabeth Anne-Sophie Mayrhuber, Enkeleint Aggelos Mechili, Agapi Angelaki, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Elena Petelos, Maria van den Muijsenbergh, Tessa van Loenen, Michel Dückers, László Róbert Kolozsvári, Imre Rurik, Danica Rotar Pavlič, Diana Castro Sandoval, Giulia Borgioli, Maria José Caldés Pinilla, Dean Ajduković, Pim De Graaf, Nadja van Ginneken, Christopher Dowrick, Christos Lionis
BACKGROUND: The ongoing refugee crisis has revealed the need for enhancing primary health care (PHC) professionals' skills and training. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to strengthen PHC professionals in European countries in the provision of high-quality care for refugees and migrants by offering a concise modular training that was based on the needs of the refugees and PHC professionals as shown by prior research in the EUR-HUMAN project. METHODS: We developed, piloted, and evaluated an online capacity building course of 8 stand-alone modules containing information about acute health issues of refugees, legal issues, provider-patient communication and cultural aspects of health and illness, mental health, sexual and reproductive health, child health, chronic diseases, health promotion, and prevention...
2018: Global Health Action
Rita Doumit, Chant Kazandjian, Lisa K Militello
Lebanon has the highest per-capita concentration of refugees worldwide. There is an urgent need to offer psychosocial interventions to vulnerable groups such as Syrian refugee adolescents. To assess the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of a cognitive-behavioral intervention (Creating Opportunities for Patient Empowerment [COPE]) on depression, anxiety, and quality of life (QOL) in a sample of adolescent refugees (13-17 years) living in Lebanon. A preexperimental study design was used. COPE 7-Session was delivered to 31 adolescent Syrian refugees...
November 26, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Aysun Ardic, Melek Nihal Esin, Serife Koc, Bilgenur Bayraktar, Nihal Sunal
OBJECTIVE(S): This study assessed the health problems of Syrian immigrants living in urban areas using the Omaha System. DESIGN: A descriptive and observational study was conducted in Istanbul. SAMPLE: The sample included 51 Syrian immigrant families and 248 Syrian refugees. MEASURES: Data were collected using the Omaha System-Problem Classification List and a sociodemographic questionnaire. RESULTS: The average household size was 6...
November 22, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Caroline Rometsch-Ogioun El Sount, Jana Katharina Denkinger, Petra Windthorst, Christoph Nikendei, David Kindermann, Viola Renner, Johanna Ringwald, Sara Brucker, Virginia M Tran, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne
Introduction: A large number of refugees suffer from mental disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In the context of a special quota project, 1100 Yazidi women from Northern Iraq who had suffered extreme violence by the so-called Islamic State (IS) were brought to Germany to receive specialized treatment. This study aims to investigate the psychological burden and trauma-related symptoms of these female IS-victims from the perspectives of their care providers. Material and methods: Care providers with various professional backgrounds ( N = 96) were asked to complete a self-developed questionnaire on a Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (very low) to 7 (very high) analyzing the psychological burden and trauma-related symptoms of the IS-traumatized women since their arrival in Germany...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Nancy Clark
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe Karen refugee women's experience of resettlement and the factors which structured community capacity to support their mental health and well-being. Design/methodology/approach: A postcolonial and feminist standpoint was used to bring Karen women's voice to the knowledge production process. Data were collected through ethnographic field observation, in-depth semi-structured individual and focus group interviews with Karen women as well as healthcare and social service providers...
2018: International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare
Emriye Hilal Yayan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Patricia J Shannon, Gregory A Vinson, Tonya L Horn, Evelyn Lennon
OBJECTIVES: Refugee populations arriving to the United States report high rates of exposure to trauma and associated psychiatric distress that may necessitate referrals to mental health services. Although refugee arrivals receive a voluntary health screening, mental health screening is not routine. Public health providers report that one barrier to mental health screening concerns uncertainty about how to connect refugee patients to mental health services. This article reports essential components of successful and unsuccessful care coordination related to mental health referrals of refugees...
November 19, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Ferdinand Garoff, Samuli Kangaslampi, Kirsi Peltonen
Unaccompanied refugee minors (UMs) are at significant risk to experience severe mental health symptoms (Derluyn, Broekaert & Schuyten). Trauma-focused treatments have been found to be effective for traumatized refugees (Slobodin & de Jong). However, trauma-focused mental health services are seldom available, and treatment fails when UMs lack trust in service providers (Majumder, O'Reilly, Karim & Vostanis). In order to address this gap, a 10-session group based mental health intervention for UMs was developed and then pilot tested in 3 accommodation units for UMs in Finland...
November 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Khitam I Mohammad, Doaa Abu Awad, Debra K Creedy, Jenny Gamble
Postpartum depression (PPD) is recognized as a common maternal health problem, but few studies have investigated the postpartum mental health of refugee women. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the prevalence of PPD symptoms and associated factors among Syrian refugee women living in north Jordan. Women (N = 365) were recruited from four health care centers in Ramtha and Jarash, cities in northern Jordan. Participants completed a demographic data form, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and the Maternal Social Support Scale at 6-8 weeks postpartum...
November 15, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Diana Franco
This article explores migration trauma among Mexican and Central American unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) with the purpose of developing an understanding of migration as a tripartite process consisting of: pre-migration exposure to traumatic stressors, in-journey stressors, and post-migration stressors. The migration experience of these youth may be subjectively different depending on a wide range of factors. The complexities of migration are explored as a traumatic, tripartite process. These three salient components of migration may act as precursors, often resulting in psychological sequelae such as: post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression...
2018: Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal: C & A
Clare Killikelly, Susanna Bauer, Andreas Maercker
Background: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) is a new mental health disorder that will be recognized by the World Health Organization's disorder classification, the ICD-11, in 2018. Current assessment measures of PGD are largely based on North American and European conceptualizations of grief (etic i.e., from the perspective of the observer). However, research is emerging from communities outside of the Global North, in particular, conflict-exposed communities, exploring local models (emic i.e., from within the cultural group), assessment measures and symptoms of grief...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Waleed M Sweileh
Background: The Syrian conflict has created the worst humanitarian crisis of our time with approximately half of Syria's pre-war population killed or forced to flee their homes. The current study aimed to analyze peer-reviewed literature published on Syrian refugees and displaced people. Methods: A bibliometric methodology was implemented using Scopus database after retrieving documents relevant to Syrian refugees and displaced people. Findings: In total, 323 documents were retrieved...
2018: Conflict and Health
Susan Sierau, Esther Schneider, Yuriy Nesterko, Heide Glaesmer
Unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) are the most vulnerable group of refugees suffering from higher levels of mental health problems. Yet, there is also a group of URM with little or no symptoms or disorders. A major predictor for positive mental health outcomes is the social support network in the post-flight period which has rarely been investigated for the group of URM. The present study analyzes differences between perceived social support from family, peers, and adult mentors in URM, with subgroup analyses of peer and mentor support in URM with and without family contact...
October 31, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Shieun Yu, Jungeun Jang, Jin-Won Noh, Young Dae Kwon, Hyunchun Park, Jong-Min Woo
OBJECTIVE: We investigated how mental health awareness among North Korean refugees transformed depending on temporal-spatial context changes. METHODS: In 2013, we conducted interviews with 10 refugees (eight women) who had been in South Korea for over a year and performed a qualitative analysis of the change in mental health awareness in the differences between living in North Korea, escape (a related period of forced sojourn in a third country), and settlement in South Korea...
October 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Agata Vitale, Judy Ryde
Little is known about how the intersection of being a forced migrant and living with HIV can contribute to the development or exacerbation of pre-existing mental conditions. This study is set in this context and it aims to explore specific risk factors affecting the mental health of refugee women living with HIV. A total of eight refugee women living with HIV took part in the study; they were individually interviewed, and their transcripts were thematically analyzed. The overall findings indicated that participants' mental health was impaired by multiple stressors associated with their conditions, such as racial discrimination, HIV-related stigma, including from health professionals, loneliness, and resettlement adversities...
October 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Karl-Andrew Woltin, Kai Sassenberg, Nihan Albayrak
Civil war, flight, escape and expulsion are extremely stressful and assert a negative impact on refugees' mental health. However scientific research about resilience and coping of refugees is scarce. Especially in the recent refugee crisis, calls have been made to consider factors contributing to coping and resilience in this vulnerable population. Therefore, the current research sought to investigate individual differences that could serve as antecedents of coping and contextual factors that might moderate these effects...
2018: PloS One
Matthis Schick, Naser Morina, Panagiota Mistridis, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson
Background: Refugee mental health is affected by traumatic stressors as well as post-migration living difficulties (PMLD). However, their interaction and causal pathways are unclear, and so far, no distinct treatment recommendations regarding exile-related stressors exist. Methods: In a 3-year follow-up study, PMLD and symptoms of post-traumatic stress (PTS), depression and anxiety were examined in a clinical sample of severely traumatized refugees and asylum seekers ( N = 71). Results: In regression analysis, reduction in PMLD predicted changes over time in depression/anxiety, but not in PTS...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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