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Refugee mental

Naila Z Khan, Asma Begum Shilpi, Razia Sultana, Shaoli Sarker, Sultana Razia, Bipasha Roy, Abu Arif, Misbah Uddin Ahmed, Subas Chandra Saha, Helen McConachie
BACKGROUND: The 2017 political violence against the Rohingya people in the state of Rakhine resulted in a large influx of displaced populations into Bangladesh. Given harsh conditions and experiences in Myanmar, and the harrowing journey to the border, raised levels of child neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) and mental health problems were expected. METHODS: A team of child development professionals, physicians, psychologists and developmental therapists, screened 622 children in a clinic within the refugee camps, using the Developmental Screening Questionnaire (DSQ; 0-<2 years), and the Ten Questions Plus (TQP) for NDDs, and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; 2-16 years) for mental health problems...
October 18, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Jaswant Bajwa, Mulugeta Abai, Sidonia Couto, Sean Kidd, Aytak Dibavar, Kwame McKenzie
Drawing on a 2-year community-based participatory research project, and grounded in the theories of positive psychology, this article examines the effects of targeted educational support on refugee participants' psychological capital (PsyCap)-hope, self-efficacy, resilience, and optimism-as well as life satisfaction. Two groups of participants attended a 14-week trauma-informed, educational support program in 2 consecutive sessions. The program was designed in collaboration with George Brown College, the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Wellesley Institute, and the Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Rachel Burns, Kolitha Wickramage, Anwar Musah, Chesmal Siriwardhana, Francesco Checchi
Background: Although the adverse impacts of conflict-driven displacement on health are well-documented, less is known about how health status and associated risk factors differ according to displacement experience. This study quantifies health status and quality of life among returning refugees, internally displaced persons, and the host community in a post-conflict district in Northern Sri Lanka, and explores associated risk factors. Methods: We analysed data collected through a household survey ( n  = 570) in Vavuniya district, Sri Lanka...
2018: Conflict and Health
Natasha Ruth Saunders, Peter J Gill, Laura Holder, Simone Vigod, Paul Kurdyak, Sima Gandhi, Astrid Guttmann
BACKGROUND: Emergency department visits as a first point of contact for people with mental illness may reflect poor access to timely outpatient mental health care. We sought to determine the extent to which immigrants use the emergency department as an entryway into mental health services. METHODS: We used linked health and demographic administrative data sets to design a population-based cohort study. We included youth (aged 10-24 yr) with an incident mental health emergency department visit from 2010 to 2014 in Ontario, Canada ( n = 118 851)...
October 9, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Naser Morina, Aemal Akhtar, Jürgen Barth, Ulrich Schnyder
Background: Protracted armed conflicts not only shape political, legal, and socio-economic structures, but also have a lasting impact on people's human migration. In 2017, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees reported an unprecedented number of 65.6 million individuals who were displaced worldwide as a result of armed conflicts. To date, however, little is known about these people's mental health status. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review of the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among forcibly displaced populations in settings of armed conflicts...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Fatima Tuba Yaylaci
Following the civil war in Syria, there has been a growing interest in the impact of war, violent conflict, and refuge on the development and mental health of refugee children in general and Syrian refugee children in particular. The objective of this paper is threefold: (a) to critically review the existing literature on the psychological functioning of Syrian refugee children, with a particular focus on those residing in the urban areas or camps in Turkey; (b) to identify the main theoretical and methodological problems of this emerging literature; and (c) to suggest guidelines for how to improve research and practice in this field...
October 8, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
Mpho D Mhlongo, Andrew Tomita, Lindokuhle Thela, Varsha Maharaj, Jonathan K Burns
Background: While there is considerable research in developed countries on the nature and extent of post-traumatic stress among refugees and migrants, few report on female Africans migrating within Africa. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between exposure to traumatic life events and post-traumatic stress disorder risk in refugees and migrants in Durban, South Africa, with specific focus on sexual trauma events among women. Methods: Interviews were conducted on 157 consenting non-South African adults using a sociodemographic questionnaire, Life Events Checklist (documenting traumatic events experienced) and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (measuring post-traumatic symptomatology)...
2018: South African Journal of Psychiatry: SAJP: the Journal of the Society of Psychiatrists of South Africa
Anna Bjärtå, Anna Leiler, Johanna Ekdahl, Elisabet Wasteson
The recent inflow of refugees to Sweden has put pressure on health care as well as revealing a need for methods regarding assessment of refugees' mental health status. The present study investigated the use of the Refugee Health Screener (RHS; Hollifield et al., 2013) to distinguish among severity levels of symptoms of psychological distress in refugees. Refugees residing in asylum accommodations (n = 510) were screened with RHS-13, together with screeners for depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Mohamed Abbas, Tammam Aloudat, Javier Bartolomei, Manuel Carballo, Sophie Durieux-Paillard, Laure Gabus, Alexandra Jablonka, Yves Jackson, Kanokporn Kaojaroen, Daniel Koch, Esperanza Martinez, Marc Mendelson, Roumyana Petrova-Benedict, Sotirios Tsiodras, Derek Christie, Mirko Saam, Sally Hargreaves, Didier Pittet
The 2015-2017 global migratory crisis saw unprecedented numbers of people on the move and tremendous diversity in terms of age, gender and medical requirements. This article focuses on key emerging public health issues around migrant populations and their interactions with host populations. Basic needs and rights of migrants and refugees are not always respected in regard to article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and article 23 of the Refugee Convention. These are populations with varying degrees of vulnerability and needs in terms of protection, security, rights, and access to healthcare...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Cindy C Sangalang, David Becerra, Felicia M Mitchell, Stephanie Lechuga-Peña, Kristina Lopez, Isok Kim
Numerous studies describe mental health effects of pre-migration trauma and post-resettlement stress among refugees, yet less research examines these associations with non-refugee immigrants. Additionally, few studies assess the prevalence and impact of traumatic experiences after settlement in a new country. Using a U.S.-based representative sample of Asian (n = 1637) and Latino (n = 1620) refugees and immigrants, we investigated how traumatic events prior to and after migration, and post-migration stressors, are associated with mental illness and distress...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Tamara D Afifi, Walid A Afifi, Michelle Acevedo Callejas, Ariana Shahnazi, Amanda White, Najib Nimah
Most research suggests that communal coping, where a group of people own and act upon a shared stressor or uncertainty together, enhances mental health and fosters coping efficacy. The majority of this research, however, has been conducted in the United States in contexts where stress and uncertainty are relatively short-lived and with samples that are economically secure and moderately to highly educated. The purpose of this study was to understand how socio-emotional conditions, such as exposure to trauma and interparental conflict, influence the functionality of communal coping for adolescents in Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon, where chronic uncertainty is normative...
September 21, 2018: Health Communication
Frederikke Jarlby, Simone Goosen, Ilse Derluyn, Kathrine Vitus, Signe Smith Jervelund
Unaccompanied refugee adolescents who have fled war and persecution often have poor mental health. Yet, little is known about their own perspectives on what can relieve their mental health problems. The aim was to explore unaccompanied refugee adolescents' perspectives on healing and the mental healthcare offered to them when resettled. The study was based on methodical triangulation of participant observation in a Danish municipal institution for unaccompanied refugee minors, semi-structured individual interviews with experts, social workers and male refugee minors and a focus group interview with refugee minors...
September 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Natasha Ruth Saunders, Michael Lebenbaum, Hong Lu, Therese A Stukel, Marcelo Luis Urquia, Astrid Guttmann
OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in mental health service use of youth by immigration status and characteristics. DESIGN: Population-based longitudinal cohort study from 1996 to 2012 using linked health and administrative datasets. SETTING: Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Youth 10-24 years, living in Ontario, Canada. EXPOSURE: The main exposure was immigration status (recent immigrants vs long-term residents)...
September 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Sabra Melamed, Afona Chernet, Niklaus D Labhardt, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Constanze Pfeiffer
Eritreans comprise the largest group of asylum-seekers in Switzerland. Gaining recognized refugee status can take up to 36 months, during which time asylum-seekers live in a state of legal limbo, intensifying threats to their well-being. Resilience and mental health among this population is poorly understood. We interviewed 10 asylum-seekers residing in Switzerland using qualitative, in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed using the Framework Method. Results indicated that mental health was understood as a binary state rather than a continuum and that trusted friends and family were responsible for recognizing and attempting to treat mental health problems...
September 15, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Wireen Dator, Hamzeh Abunab, Norenia Dao-Ayen
Background: Syrian refugees in Jordan are currently facing difficulties in accessing adequate healthcare. Aims: This study looked at the health conditions and barriers to accessing healthcare in Syrian refugees settled in Jordan. Methods: Pubmed, CINAHL and Google Scholar were searched for published cross-sectional studies on the health status of Syrian refugees, specifically the prevalence of chronic diseases, communicable diseases, physical impairments, emotional and mental health problems, and barriers to health care...
September 6, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
M R Campbell, K D Mann, S Moffatt, M Dave, M S Pearce
OBJECTIVES: Refugees are most vulnerable to mental health problems of all migrant groups, and an understanding of the role of postdisplacement social factors in refugee emotional well-being can help to shape the future interventions for this group. We aimed to investigate the effect of social determinants, such as employment, language ability and accommodation, on mental health in refugees in the UK. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective longitudinal cohort study was set in the UK...
September 10, 2018: Public Health
Ekaterini Georgiadou, Ali Zbidat, Gregor M Schmitt, Yesim Erim
Background: High rates of prevalence of mental distress among the Syrian refugee population have been repeatedly confirmed. However, little is known about the influence of length of stay, living conditions, and residence permission in the host country or about the duration of the escape journey and travel conditions on mental health in this refugee population. This study examines the mental health of Syrian refugees, taking into account the circumstances in their country of origin and host country, as well as their escape conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Lotte De Schrijver, Tom Vander Beken, Barbara Krahé, Ines Keygnaert
(1) Background : Sexual violence (SV) is a major public health problem, with negative socio-economic, physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive health consequences. Migrants, applicants for international protection, and refugees (MARs) are vulnerable to SV. Since many European countries are seeing high migratory pressure, the development of prevention strategies and care paths focusing on victimised MARs is highly needed. To this end, this study reviews evidence on the prevalence of SV among MAR groups in Europe and the challenges encountered in research on this topic...
September 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Erika Marek, Gibson D'Cruz, Zoltan Katz, Istvan Szilard, Karoly Berenyi, Zsofia Feiszt
Due to its long border of the European Union Schengen Area, Hungary has long been affected by the rapidly growing inward migration towards the EU, which has become more acute in recent years. Inadequate access to healthcare among migrants has been widely reported and this may be due to a vast array of factors and may result in poorer health outcomes. Between August 2014 and April 2015 a questionnaire survey was conducted among migrants from a range of countries residing in the largest Hungarian refugee reception centre to establish participants' health knowledge and access to healthcare in Hungary (medical assessment, vaccination, etc...
September 4, 2018: Health Promotion International
Jin-Won Noh, Jong-Min Woo, Hyunchun Park, Sun Jae Jung, Yejin Lee, Young Dae Kwon
Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the level of mental health knowledge among North Korean refugees residing in South Korea and to analyze the factors related to their attitude towards people with mental disorders. Methods: The survey was conducted on 150 people and the analysis included results from 138 participants in 2013. A multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to analyze the factors related to the attitude towards people with mental illness...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
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