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Refugee mental

Skander M'zah, Barbara Lopes Cardozo, Dabney P Evans
Because little is known about the mental health status of Syrian refugees in the United States, we conducted a survey among a convenience sample of those resettled in Atlanta between March 2011 and 2017. Though home visits, we delivered a questionnaire including standardized instruments (HSCL25 and PTSD-8) to assess symptoms of anxiety, depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. We found high rates of anxiety (60%), depression (44%) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (84%) symptoms; however, only 20% of participants had seen a mental health professional...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Walid Abdul-Hamid, Jamie Hacker Hughes, Sian Morgan
BACKGROUND: Trauma Aid UK (previously HAP UK &Ireland) conducted three EMDR trainings in Turkey: the first was in Istanbul on 28th November 2013. AIM: The purpose of this study is to assess the needs of the Syrian Refugees for trauma services training and provision as assesses by mental health professionals who work with them. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Amongst the 62 participants of two Istanbul EMDR trainings organised by HAP, 53% were Syrian...
July 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Joel Hoffman, Belinda Liddell, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Refugees are often exposed to multiple traumatic experiences, leading to elevated rates of psychological disorders. There is emerging evidence that appraisals of traumatic events as violating deeply held moral beliefs and frameworks (i.e., moral injury) impact negatively on refugee mental health. Despite this, no research has systematically investigated moral injury appraisals in refugees. METHOD: Participants were 222 refugees from diverse backgrounds who had recently resettled in Australia...
August 10, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Rachel C Heenan, Thomas Volkman, Simon Stokes, Shidan Tosif, Hamish Graham, Andrea Smith, David Tran, Georgia Paxton
AIM: To examine refugee health assessments in Syrian and Iraqi children in the context of changes to offshore immigration screening, updated Australian refugee health guidelines and the primary care refugee health model in Victoria. METHODS: This is a retrospective audit of Syrian and Iraqi children aged 0-17 years attending a specialist immigrant health service from January 2015 to September 2017. RESULTS: We saw 128 children (7 months-16 years, 64...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Teresa Kloning, Thomas Nowotny, Martin Alberer, Michael Hoelscher, Axel Hoffmann, Guenter Froeschl
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the morbidity profile and the sociodemographic characteristics of unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) arriving in the region of Bavaria, Germany, between October 2014 and February 2016. METHODS: The retrospective cross sectional study included 154 unaccompanied refugee minors between 10 and 18 years of age. The data was derived from medical data records of their routine first medical examination in two paediatric practices and one collective housing for refugees in the region of Bavaria, Germany...
August 7, 2018: BMC Public Health
Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Khaled Al-Sayed
To date, more than 11 million Syrians have been forced from their homes due to the civil war in that country. However, little research has been done on adolescent Syrian refugees. This study aimed to fill that gap in the research literature by examining how adolescent Syrian refugees cope with the harsh situation of having fled from their homes. We explored how personal capital factors, sense of coherence (SOC), wishes, and expectations, as well as socio-demographic and situational factors, contribute to a variety of mental health and psychological problems, namely, internalizing and externalizing problems and post-traumatic stress symptoms...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Anne Sofie Borsch, Christopher Jamil de Montgomery, Karl Gauffin, Ketil Eide, Elli Heikkilä, Signe Smith Jervelund
OBJECTIVES: Since 2000, approximately 500,000 refugees have settled in the Nordic countries, about a third of them being children and young people. To identify general trends, and to detect gaps in the existing knowledge about the socioeconomic and health status of these young refugees, this review discusses the literature regarding three key areas related to welfare policy: health, education and employment. METHODS: A systematic search in PubMed, Scopus, SocINDEX, Sociological Abstracts, Embase and Cochrane, and a search for publications from relevant institutions were undertaken...
July 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Arash Javanbakht, Alireza Amirsadri, Hiba Abu Suhaiban, Mohammed Isam Alsaud, Zeina Alobaidi, Zainab Rawi, Cynthia L Arfken
Little is known about mental health problems among newly arrived Syrian refugees in the US. It is important to determine the prevalence of common consequences of exposure to trauma and high stress, and provide needed interventions, as these conditions if untreated, can be detrimental to mental and physical health. Adult Syrian refugees (n = 157, 47.1% women, 52.9% men) were screened at one-month mandatory primary care health visit for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression using PTSD Checklist, and Hopkins Symptoms Checklist...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Lea-Marie Mohwinkel, Anna Christina Nowak, Anne Kasper, Oliver Razum
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to summarise the current evidence regarding gender differences in the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) and to identify gaps in research. SETTING: We focused on quantitative studies presenting primary data from Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development(OECD)countries. Language was restricted to English or German. PARTICIPANTS: To be eligible, a study had to involve (former) URM who immigrated to an OECD country...
July 30, 2018: BMJ Open
Danielle N Poole, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Shirley Liao, Nathaniel A Raymond, Till Bärnighausen
BACKGROUND: Over one million Syrian asylum seekers have travelled to Greece with the ultimate aim of reaching other countries in western Europe. Depression prevalence and associated sociodemographic and displacement characteristics have been reported for resettled migrants. However, the prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) and its risk factors have not been described among migrants engaged in the asylum process ensuing from the Syrian crisis. This study provides new data about the mental health status of migrants in transition in the context of protracted asylum procedures...
July 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
Pat Cox, Jane March McDonald
Adopting a children's rights perspective, a critique and analysis underpinned by documentary research methodology was undertaken in order to assess the extent to which the government's Green Paper (Department of Health and Social Care and Department of Education, 2017. Transforming children and young people's mental health provision: a green paper. Available at: (accessed 7 December 2017)) addresses the mental health and well-being needs of refugee children and young people in England and Wales, identifying strengths, limitations and challenges for future policy and practice...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Stacey A Shaw, Kaitlin P Ward, Veena Pillai, Devon E Hinton
Forcibly displaced persons confront multiple stressors while awaiting permanent asylum or resettlement and often experience high levels of emotional distress. This study assessed an 8-week somatic-focused culturally adapted cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) group intervention with 39 female refugees from Afghanistan living in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Twenty-nine participants were randomly assigned to treatment conditions, resulting in 20 participants in two separate treatment groups and 9 in a waitlist control group...
July 23, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Atefeh Fathi, Usama El-Awad, Tilman Reinelt, Franz Petermann
The large number of adolescent refugees around the world constitutes a great challenge for societies. However, current models of acculturation have been developed for migrants, but not specifically for adolescent refugees. Crucial factors to describe adolescent refugee acculturation, such as intentions to return to their homeland, especially with respect to adolescent refugees with temporary residency and experiences of potentially traumatic events, are missing. Hence, the Multidimensional Intercultural Training Acculturation (MITA) model is introduced...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Georgios Schoretsanitis, Dinesh Bhugra, Sarah Eisenhardt, Meret E Ricklin, David S Srivastava, Aristomenis Exadaktylos, Sebastian Walther
Background: The status of a refugee or asylum seeker is only recognised after legal processes. The uncertainty of these procedures or the rejection itself may severely impact mental well-being. Methods: We surveyed the patterns of psychiatric services used by patients whose applications for asylum had been rejected. In a retrospective investigation of admissions to the University Emergency Department in Bern, Switzerland between 1 March 2012 and 28 February 2017, we studied patients receiving a psychiatric consultation after their applications had been rejected...
July 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Gracia Fellmeth, Emma H Plugge, Suphak Nosten, May May Oo, Mina Fazel, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Raymond Fitzpatrick, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Perinatal depression is an important contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Migrant women, particularly those resettling within low- and middle-income settings, are at increased risk of perinatal depression due to multiple stressors experienced before, during and after migration. Evidence on migrant perinatal mental health to date has focused largely on women in high-income destination countries, leaving the voices of displaced women in low-income settings unheard...
July 16, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Zeina Zerbé, Rose-Marie Nassif Abou Assaf, Nathalie Der-Sahaguian Ayvazian, Cosette Maalouf, Mayssa' El Husseini
As part of a research project aiming to measure the psychological impact of humanitarian intervention in the wars affecting the Middle East, 28 humanitarian players working with refugees and displaced people took part in semi-structured qualitative interviews. The material was analysed using the interpretative phenomenological approach. The results show indications of transmission of the trauma when issues of identity and a sense of belonging are involved, psychosomatic manifestations as well as complex transference-countertransference relationships...
July 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
William Affleck, Umaharan Thamotharampillai, Judy Jeyakumar, Rob Whitley
Refugee men face unique mental health stressors in the pre- and post-migratory periods. However, there has been little in-depth research on the mental health of refugee men in Canada. Given this situation, the overall aim of this study is to explore the psycho-social experience of Sri Lankan Tamil refugee men in Canada. Particular objectives include better understanding any inter-relationship between war-trauma, migration, concepts of masculinity and mental health. The study employed a two-phase participatory action research design based on the grounded theory approach...
July 12, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Susan Rees, Mohammed Mohsin, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Zachary Steel, Natalino Tam, Zelia da Costa, Cesarina Soares, Wietse Tol, Valsamma Eapen, Mark Dadds, Derrick Silove
Background: A key issue in need of empirical exploration in the post-conflict and refugee mental health field is whether exposure to torture plays a role in generating risk of intimate partner violence (IPV), and whether this pathway is mediated by the mental health effects of torture-related trauma. In examining this question, it is important to assess the impact of socio-economic hardship which may be greater amongst survivors of torture in low-income countries. Methods: The study data were obtained from a cohort of 870 women (recruited from antenatal clinics) and their male partners in Dili district, Timor-Leste...
2018: Global Mental Health
Merryn Maynard, Lesley Andrade, Sara Packull-McCormick, Christopher M Perlman, Cesar Leos-Toro, Sharon I Kirkpatrick
Food insecurity is a persistent concern in high-income countries, and has been associated with poor mental health, particularly among females. We conducted a scoping review to characterize the state of the evidence on food insecurity and mental health among women in high-income countries. The research databases PubMed, EMBASE, and psycINFO were searched using keywords capturing food insecurity, mental health, and women. Thirty-nine articles (representing 31 unique studies/surveys) were identified. Three-quarters of the articles drew upon data from a version of the United States Department of Agriculture Household Food Security Survey Module...
July 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Bukola Salami, Jordana Salma, Kathleen Hegadoren
Immigrant and refugee populations experience life stressors due to difficult migration journeys and challenges in leaving one country and adapting to another. These life stressors result in adverse mental health outcomes when coupled with a lack of adequate support-enhancing resources. One area of support is access to and use of mental health services to prevent and address mental health concerns. Immigrant service providers in Canada support the integration and overall well-being of newcomers. This study focuses on immigrant service providers' perceptions of access to and use of mental health services for immigrants and refugees in Alberta...
July 9, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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