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Material thickness and bond strength

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777736/edge-strength-of-cad-cam-materials
#1
Maria Pfeilschifter, Verena Preis, Michael Behr, Martin Rosentritt
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the edge force of CAD/CAM materials as a function of (a) material, (b) thickness, and (c) distance from the margin. METHODS: Materials intended for processing with CAD/CAM were investigated: eight resin composites, one resin-infiltrated ceramic, and a clinically proven lithiumdisilicate ceramic (reference). To measure edge force (that is, load to failure/crack), plates (d = 1 mm) were fixed and loaded with a Vickers diamond indenter (1 mm/min, Zwick 1446) at a distance of 0...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765903/effect-of-ultrasonic-agitation-on-push-out-bond-strength-and-adaptation-of-root-end-filling-materials
#2
Murilo Priori Alcalde, Rodrigo Ricci Vivan, Marina Angélica Marciano, Jussaro Alves Duque, Samuel Lucas Fernandes, Mariana Bailo Rosseto, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte
Objectives: This study evaluated the effect of ultrasonic agitation of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), calcium silicate-based cement (CSC), and Sealer 26 (S26) on adaptation at the cement/dentin interface and push-out bond strength. Materials and Methods: Sixty maxillary canines were divided into 6 groups ( n = 10): MTA, S26, and CSC, with or without ultrasonic activation (US). After obturation, the apical portions of the teeth were sectioned, and retrograde cavities were prepared and filled with cement by hand condensation...
May 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739918/electrospinning-of-highly-concentrated-albumin-patches-by-using-auxiliary-polymers-for-laser-assisted-vascular-anastomosis
#3
Annemarie Schönfeld, Mihai Constantinescu, Kirsten Peters, Martin Frenz
Electrospun meshes have been extensively investigated for tissue engineering and drug delivery. The application of this technology is of interest for laser-assisted vascular anastomosis (LAVA) due to the possibility to bind and stabilize macromolecules in fibers.
 Materials and Methods: We prepared bovine serum albumin (BSA) blend microfibers from the auxiliary proteins polyethylene oxide (PEO), polycaprolactone (PCL), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and gelatin. The thickness and weight of the resulting patches were measured and the morphological characteristics were observed by scanning electron microscopy...
May 9, 2018: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732015/push-out-bond-strength-of-intra-orifice-barrier-materials-bulk-fill-composite-versus-calcium-silicate-cement
#4
Taha Özyurek, Gülşah Uslu, Koray Yilmaz
Background. The aim of this study was to compare the push-out bond strengths of calcium silicate-based ProRoot MTA and Biodentine cements and SureFil SDR and EverX Posterior bulk-fill composite resins. Methods. Twenty-four single-rooted maxillary central incisors were sectioned below the cementoenamel junction, and the root canals were instrumented using rotary files. Thereafter, a parallel post drill was used to obtain a standardized root canal dimension. The roots were randomly assigned to one of the following groups with respect to the intra-orifice barrier used: ProRoot MTA; Biodentine; SureFil SDR; EverX Posterior...
2018: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724550/effect-of-different-resin-cements-and-surface-treatments-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-ceramic-glass-polymer-materials
#5
Gülce Alp, Meryem Gülce Subaşı, William M Johnston, Burak Yilmaz
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The effect of different surface treatment techniques on the bond strength of different types of ceramic-glass polymer computer-assisted design and computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD-CAM) materials and resin cements after aging is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the surface roughness of different ceramic-glass polymer CAD-CAM materials after 2 different surface treatments and the effect of material, surface treatment, resin cement, and aging on bond strength...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692836/effect-of-root-canal-sealers-on-bond-strength-of-fiber-posts-to-root-dentin-cemented-after-one-week-or-six-months
#6
Lucas Ruiz, Giovana Mongruel Gomes, Bruna Bittencourt, Fabrício Rutz da Silva, Osnara Maria Mongruel Gomes, Julio Cezar Chidoski Filho, Abraham Lincoln Calixto
Eugenol-based root canal sealers (RCS) have been widely used by clinicians; however, their effect on resinous materials is still questionable. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of RCS at 1 week and 6 months' post obturation on the bond strength (BS) of glass fiber posts (GFP) to root dentin, using conventional and self-adhesive cementation systems (CS). The roots of 56 extracted human canines, were divided in eight groups ( n =7) according to the combination of the following factors: RCS (with or without eugenol-Endofill and Sealer 26, respectively), storage period post obturation and prior GFP cementation (1 week and 6 months) and cementation systems (Variolink II - conventional resin cement or RelyX U200-self-adhesive resin cement)...
2018: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670713/shear-bond-strength-of-ceramic-fused-to-cad-cam-milled-alloys
#7
Niwut Juntavee, San-Eak Oeng
Background: This study evaluated the metal ceramic bond strength of cast Ni-Cr, cast Co-Cr, sintered Co-Cr and milled Co-Cr alloys to ceramic through two application procedures including the ceramic layering technique and ceramic pressed-on technique. Material and Methods: Ceramic materials (Ø 8 mm, 1.5 mm thickness) were veneered by either the layering or pressed-on technique to cast Ni-Cr, cast Co-Cr, sintered Co-Cr and hard milled Co-Cr alloy disc (12 × 12 × 0...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669950/effect-of-different-remaining-dentin-thickness-and-long-term-water-storage-on-dentin-bond-strength
#8
Shihchun Ting, A F M Almas Chowdhury, Jihao Sun, Shinichi Kakuda, Sharanbir K Sidhu, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Denis Selimovic, Hidehiko Sano
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of remaining dentin thickness (RDT) and long term water storage on dentin bond strength in-vitro. Twenty-seven third molars were randomly divided into 3 groups: Clearfil Bond SE ONE (SE1, Kuraray Noritake Dental, Okayama, Japan), G-Bond plus (GB, GC, Tokyo, Japan) and Clearfil Mega Bond (MB, Kuraray Noritake Dental). Bonded specimens were stored in water at 37ºC for 24 h. The teeth were then sectioned perpendicular to the adhesive interface to produce beams...
April 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651481/ultrasonically-synthesized-organic-liquid-filled-chitosan-microcapsules-part-1-tuning-physical-functional-properties
#9
Qianyu Ye, Srinivas Mettu, Meifang Zhou, Raymond Dagastine, Muthupandian Ashokkumar
This study reports the synthesis of tetradecane-filled chitosan microcapsules in acetic acid aqueous solutions using high intensity ultrasound at 20 kHz. The size, size distribution, and stability of microcapsules were tuned by varying the concentration of acetic acid from 0.2% to 25% v/v. After long-time storage at room temperature (more than 3 months), the microcapsules maintained their shell-core structure where the volume of the microcapsules at 0.2% acetic acid concentration increased by 8.3% due to leaking and coalescence...
April 13, 2018: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610618/effect-of-luting-cements-on-the-bond-strength-to-turkom-cera-all-ceramic-material
#10
Bandar M A Al-Makramani, Abdul A A Razak, Mohamed I Abu-Hassan, Fuad A Al-Sanabani, Fahad M Albakri
BACKGROUND: The selection of the appropriate luting cement is a key factor for achieving a strong bond between prepared teeth and dental restorations. AIM: To evaluate the shear bond strength of Zinc phosphate cement Elite, glass ionomer cement Fuji I, resin-modified glass ionomer cement Fuji Plus and resin luting cement Panavia-F to Turkom-Cera all-ceramic material. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Turkom-Cera was used to form discs 10mm in diameter and 3 mm in thickness (n = 40)...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558623/giant-mechano-optoelectronic-effect-in-an-atomically-thin-semiconductor
#11
Wei Wu, Jin Wang, Peter Ercius, Nicomario Courtney Wright, Danielle Marie Leppert-Simenauer, Robert A Burke, Madan Dubey, Avinash M Dongare, Michael Thompson Pettes
Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are particularly sensitive to mechanical strain as they are capable of experiencing high atomic displacements without nucleating defects to release excess energy. Promising for photonic applications, it has been shown that as certain phases of layered TMDs MX2 (M=Mo, W; X=S, Se, Te) are scaled to a thickness of one monolayer, the photoluminescence response is dramatically enhanced due to the emergence of a direct electronic band gap, compared with their multi-layer or bulk counterparts which typically exhibit indirect band gaps...
March 20, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513887/bond-strength-values-of-fiberglass-post-to-flared-root-canals-reinforced-with-different-materials
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Thaís Emanuelle Bakaus, Yançanã Luizy Gruber, Alessandra Reis, Osnara Maria Mongruel Gomes, Giovana Mongruel Gomes
The aim of this study was to compare in vitro the bond strength (BS) between fiberglass posts and flared root canals reinforced with different materials. The roots of 48 premolars were endodontically treated. After one week, the root canals were prepared to simulate an oversized root canal, except for the positive control group (PCG), which was cemented with a prefabricated fiber post (PFP) compatible with the root canal size, simulating an ideal adaptation. The other samples (n=8/group) were used to test alternative restorative techniques for filling root canals: negative control group (NCG [PFP with a smaller diameter than of the root canal]), composite resin group - CRG, bulkfill group - BFG, self-adhesive cement group - SAG, and glass ionomer group - GIG...
March 1, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448690/characteristics-of-nano-grained-aa1050-aa5052-al-sheets-fabricated-by-accumulative-roll-bonding
#13
Seong-Hee Lee, Jung-Han Kim, Hyo-Sang Yoo, Hyeon-Taek Son
Accumulative roll-bonding (ARB) is the most appropriate process for sheet-shaped materials because it can be carried out readily by utilizing the conventional rolling apparatus. In this study, a nanostructured AA1050/AA5052 Al alloy sheet was successfully fabricated by four-layer stack ARB process. The ARB of AA1050 and AA5052 alloy sheets was performed up to 6 cycles without a lubricant at ambient temperature. The sample fabricated by the ARB was a multi-layer aluminum alloy sheet in which AA1050 and AA5052 layers are alternately stacked...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377170/effect-of-root-canal-irrigation-protocols-on-the-dislocation-resistance-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-based-materials-a-systematic-review-of-laboratory-studies
#14
REVIEW
P Neelakantan, H M A Ahmed, M C M Wong, J P Matinlinna, G S P Cheung
The aim of this systematic review was to address the question: Do different irrigating protocols have an impact on the dislocation resistance of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-based materials? The review was performed using a well-defined search strategy in three databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science) to include laboratory studies performed between January 1995 and May 2017, in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Two reviewers analysed the papers, assessed the risk of bias and extracted data on teeth used, sample size, size of root canal preparation, type of MTA-based material, irrigants, canal filling method, storage method and duration, region of roots and the parameters of push-out testing (slice thickness, plunger dimensions and plunger loading direction), the main results and dislocation resistance values (in MPa)...
January 29, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326512/evaluating-the-effect-of-different-conditioning-agents-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-resin-modified-glass-ionomers
#15
Namith Rai, Rajaram Naik, Ravi Gupta, Shobana Shetty, Amith Singh
Aim of the Study: This study aims to evaluate the effects three different conditioning agents on the shear bond strength of resin-modified glass ionomers to human dentin. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty recently extracted, caries-free premolars and molars will be cleaned of debris and disinfected in a 0.5% solution of sodium hypochlorite and sterile water for 30 min. The occlusal surface of each tooth will be reduced using conventional model trimmer with water to produce the dentin surface...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310875/comparison-of-the-mechanical-properties-of-translucent-zirconia-and-lithium-disilicate
#16
Sung Joon Kwon, Nathaniel C Lawson, Edward E McLaren, Amir H Nejat, John O Burgess
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Three mol% yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (3Y-TZP) possesses excellent mechanical properties but is relatively opaque. Five mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia polycrystal (5Y-ZP) offers improved translucency, but many of its clinical properties have not been compared with those of 3Y-TZP and lithium disilicate. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the flexural strength, translucency parameter, bond strength, and enamel and material wear of 5Y-ZP (Katana UTML) with 3Y-TZP (Katana HT) and lithium disilicate (e...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242783/mechanical-strength-of-welding-zones-produced-by-material-extrusion-additive-manufacturing
#17
Chelsea S Davis, Kaitlyn E Hillgartner, Seung Hoon Han, Jonathan E Seppala
As more manufacturing processes and research institutions adopt customized manufacturing as a key element in their design strategies and finished products, the resulting mechanical properties of parts produced through additive manufacturing (AM) must be characterized and understood. In material extrusion (MatEx), the most recently extruded polymer filament must bond to the previously extruded filament via polymer diffusion to form a "weld". The strength of the weld limits the performance of the manufactured part and is controlled through processing conditions...
August 2017: Additive Manufacturing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234754/durability-of-resin-bonding-to-lithium-disilicate-and-zirconia-ceramic-using-a-self-etching-primer
#18
Sebastian Wille, Frank Lehmann, Matthias Kern
PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was twofold: 1. To evaluate the surface conditioning effect of a self-etching ceramic primer on lithium disilicate and zirconia ceramics; (2) to study the bond durability provided by the self-etching ceramic primer after artificial aging compared with conventional ceramic conditioning methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lithium disilicate blocks (10 × 10 mm, 3.4 mm thick) and zirconia disks (8 mm diameter, 3.4 mm thick) were each divided into two groups...
2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229853/designing-flexible-2d-transition-metal-carbides-with-strain-controllable-lithium-storage
#19
Hang Zhang, Zhongheng Fu, Ruifeng Zhang, Qianfan Zhang, Hongzhen Tian, Dominik Legut, Timothy C Germann, Yuanqi Guo, Shiyu Du, Joseph S Francisco
Efficient flexible energy storage systems have received tremendous attention due to their enormous potential applications in self-powering portable electronic devices, including roll-up displays, electronic paper, and "smart" garments outfitted with piezoelectric patches to harvest energy from body movement. Unfortunately, the further development of these technologies faces great challenges due to a lack of ideal electrode materials with the right electrochemical behavior and mechanical properties...
December 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223036/study-on-temperature-and-near-infrared-driving-characteristics-of-hydrogel-actuator-fabricated-via-molding-and-3d-printing
#20
Qian Zhao, Yunhong Liang, Lei Ren, Feng Qiu, Zhihui Zhang, Luquan Ren
A hydrogel material system which was fit for molding and 3D printing was developed to fabricate bilayer hydrogel actuators with controllable temperature and near infrared laser responses. Polymerization on interface boundary of layered structure enhanced the bonding strength of hydrogel actuators. By utilizing anisotropic of microstructure along with thickness direction, bilayer hydrogel actuators fabricated via molding realized intelligent bending/shrinking responses, which guided the preparation of hydrogel ink for 3D printing...
February 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
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