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Nutrition Obstetrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092747/experience-developing-an-inpatient-malnutrition-checklist-for-children-6-to-59-months-to-improve-who-protocol-adherence-and-facilitate-quality-improvement-in-a-low-resource-setting
#1
Kathryn Beck, Angelique Mukantaganda, Scheilla Bayitondere, Richard Ndikuriyo, Almaque Dushimirimana, Vianney Bihibindi, Souzane Nyiranganji, Michel Habiyaremye, Jennifer Werdenberg
In low-resource settings, inpatient case fatality for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) remains high despite evidenced-based protocols and resources to treat SAM. Key reasons include a combination of insufficiently trained staff, poor teamwork and inadequate compliance to WHO treatment guidelines which are proven to reduce mortality. Checklists have been used in surgery and obstetrics to ameliorate similarly complicated yet repetitive work processes and may be a key strategy to improving inpatient SAM protocol adherence and reducing unnecessary death...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30041623/nutrition-during-pregnancy-and-early-development-nuped-in-urban-south-africa-a-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort
#2
Elizabeth A Symington, Jeannine Baumgartner, Linda Malan, Lizelle Zandberg, Cristian Ricci, Cornelius M Smuts
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition during pregnancy is important to ensure optimal birth outcomes, maternal health and offspring development. However, little is known about the dietary intake and nutritional status of pregnant women residing in urban South Africa. Therefore, the Nutrition during Pregnancy and Early Development (NuPED) cohort study was initiated to assess early nutrition-related exposures predictive of early childhood development in urban South Africa. METHODS: The aims of this prospective cohort study are: 1) to assess dietary intake and nutritional status of urban pregnant women in Johannesburg, South Africa, and 2) to determine associations with birth outcomes, measures of maternal health, as well as measures of offspring health and development...
July 24, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038732/can-gestational-anemia-be-alleviated-with-increased-awareness-of-its-causes-and-management-strategies-implications-for-health-care-services
#3
Vidya Seshan, Esra Alkhasawneh, Salam Al Kindi, Fayez Abdel-Majid Al Simadi, Judie Arulappan
Objectives: We conducted this study to assess the risk factors of gestational anemia and evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally-tailored nutrition educational intervention on hemoglobin (Hb) status among pregnant Omani women. Newborn birthweight was used as a birth outcome. Methods: The study was conducted in two phases. The first phase investigated the risk factors associated with gestational anemia in 206 Omani women who were 3 20 years old and had at least completed 12 weeks of gestation...
July 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30030729/association-of-maternal-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-with-obstetric-outcomes-and-fluid-intelligence-in-offspring
#4
Carina Andriatta Blume, Brenda Moretto Machado, Raíssa Ramos da Rosa, Maisa Dos Santos Rigoni, Daniela Schaan Casagrande, Cláudio Corá Mottin, Beatriz D Schaan
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to assess whether Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) prior to pregnancy is associated with fluid intelligence in offspring. Additionally, perinatal and obstetric outcomes, and children nutritional status were evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Singleton births of women who underwent RYGB between 2000 and 2010 (BS) were matched to two control births by maternal age, delivery year, and gender. Control group 1 (CG1) and control group 2 (CG2) included women with a pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) < 35 kg/m2 and ≥ 35 kg/m2 , respectively, who had never undergone bariatric surgery...
July 20, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021541/contribution-of-early-nutrition-on-the-development-of-malnutrition-and-allergic-diseases-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-study-protocol-for-the-mother-and-infant-cohort-study-micos
#5
Fui Chee Woon, Yit Siew Chin, Intan Hakimah Ismail, Yoke Mun Chan, Marijka Batterham, Amir Hamzah Abdul Latiff, Wan Ying Gan, Geeta Appannah
BACKGROUND: Nutrition and environmental factors are essential for the education of the neonatal immune system. Epidemiological evidence has shown that malnutrition and allergic diseases that occur during early childhood share similar protective and risk factors. This paper describes the protocol of the Mother and Infant Cohort Study (MICOS), which aims to determine the contribution of early nutrition to the development of malnutrition and allergic diseases in infants' first year of life...
July 18, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962105/the-impact-of-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-on-perinatal-outcomes-for-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Yi-Ling Chiou, Chich-Hsiu Hung, Hsiu-Yun Liao
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), an obstetric disease that affects the health of pregnant women, is one of the key factors associated with perinatal mortality or disease. AIMS: To explore the impact of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on perinatal outcomes for women with GDM. METHODS: With a retrospective study design, women were recruited who received prenatal checkups, gave birth at two teaching hospitals in southern Taiwan from 1995 to 2011, and received a diagnosis of GDM by an obstetrician...
July 1, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29957336/analysis-of-conditions-sensitive-to-primary-care-in-a-successful-experience-of-primary-healthcare-expansion-in-brazil-1998-2015
#7
L Pimenta, V G P Dutra, A L B de Castro, R M Guimarães
OBJECTIVE: To analyze trends in expansion of coverage of the family health strategy and hospitalization for conditions sensitive to primary care (CSPC) in a successful experience of primary healthcare expansion in Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: Ecological study with data from the Brazilian National Health Information System. METHODS: CSPC were analyzed between 1998 and 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by cause groups. Trends, variation, and correlation between indicators in the period were evaluated...
June 25, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945660/food-insecurity-and-nutritional-status-of-preconception-women-in-a-rural-population-of-north-karnataka-india
#8
Shivanand C Mastiholi, Manjunath S Somannavar, Sunil S Vernekar, S Yogesh Kumar, Sangappa M Dhaded, Veena R Herekar, Rebecca L Lander, Michael K Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Shivaprasad S Goudar
BACKGROUND: As per the World Health Organization, the nutritional status of women of reproductive age is important, as effects of undernutrition are propagated to future generations. More than one-third of Indian women in the reproductive age group are in a state of chronic nutritional deficiency during the preconception period leading to poor health and likely resulting in low birth weight babies. This study was aimed to assess the food insecurity and nutritional status of preconception women in a rural population of north Karnataka...
June 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907100/demand-for-integrative-medicine-among-women-in-pregnancy-and-childbed-a-german-survey-on-patients-needs
#9
Nikolas Schürger, Evelyn Klein, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Marion Kiechle, Daniela Paepke
BACKGROUND: Although integrative medicine is gaining increasing attention and is claiming more and more its place in modern health care, it still plays a marginal role in conventional maternity care. The present study aims to examine the patterns of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use and the demand for integrative therapies, including CAM, relaxation therapies, nutritional counseling, and psychological assistance, among women in pregnancy and childbed. METHODS: The survey was conducted from April 2017 to July 2017 by means of a pseudo-anonymous 38-item questionnaire at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich...
June 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805715/prognostic-value-of-c-reactive-protein-albumin-ratio-in-predicting-overall-survival-of-chinese-cervical-cancer-patients-overall-survival-comparison-among-various-inflammation-based-factors
#10
Xia He, Jian-Pei Li, Xiao-Hua Liu, Jing-Ping Zhang, Qiu-Yao Zeng, Hao Chen, Shu-Lin Chen
Background: Many studies have shown the prognostic value of inflammation based factors in different cancers. This work aimed to explore the prognostic value of pretreatment C-reactive protein/albumin (CRP/Alb) ratio in patients with cervical cancer, and compared to other inflammatory prognostic factors, such as neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio(NLR), Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), prognostic index (PI), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), clinicopathological parameter and squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag)...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723237/association-of-maternal-nutrition-with-transient-neonatal-hyperinsulinism
#11
Mathilde Louvigne, Stephanie Rouleau, Emmanuelle Caldagues, Isabelle Souto, Yanis Montcho, Audrey Migraine Bouvagnet, Olivier Baud, Jean Claude Carel, Geraldine Gascoin, Regis Coutant
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether maternal nutritional factors are associated with transient neonatal hyperinsulinism (HI). DESIGN AND SETTING: Case control study in 4 French tertiary Obstetrics and Neonatology Departments between 2008 and 2015. METHODS: Sixty-seven mothers of neonates diagnosed with transient hyperinsulinism and 113 mothers of controls were included. The screening for hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in neonates was performed because of clinical symptoms suggestive of hypoglycemia or in the presence of conventional risk factors (small-for-gestational-age, prematurity, anoxo-ischemia, hypothermia, macrosomia, gestational diabetes)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627813/pathways-of-association-between-maternal-haemoglobin-and-stillbirth-path-analysis-of-maternity-data-from-two-hospitals-in-england
#12
Manisha Nair, Marian Knight, Susan Robinson, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Simon J Stanworth, David Churchill
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanisms that link maternal haemoglobin concentration with stillbirth. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort analysis using anonymised maternity data from two hospitals in England. SETTING: The Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust and Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust. STUDY POPULATION: 12 636 women with singleton pregnancies ≥24 weeks of gestation giving birth in the two hospitals during 2013-2015...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573218/understanding-environmental-contributions-to-autism-causal-concepts-and-the-state-of-science
#13
REVIEW
Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Rebecca J Schmidt, Paula Krakowiak
The complexity of neurodevelopment, the rapidity of early neurogenesis, and over 100 years of research identifying environmental influences on neurodevelopment serve as backdrop to understanding factors that influence risk and severity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This Keynote Lecture, delivered at the May 2016 annual meeting of the International Society for Autism Research, describes concepts of causation, outlines the trajectory of research on nongenetic factors beginning in the 1960s, and briefly reviews the current state of this science...
April 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568109/mitochondrial-inefficiency-in-infants-born-to-overweight-african-american-mothers
#14
Manjusha Abraham, Christina A Collins, Scott Flewelling, Maraya Camazine, Alison Cahill, W Todd Cade, Jennifer G Duncan
BACKGROUND: Currently 20-35% of pregnant women are obese, posing a major health risk for mother and fetus. It is postulated that an abnormal maternal-fetal nutritional environment leads to adverse metabolic programming, resulting in altered substrate metabolism in the offspring and predisposing to risks of obesity and diabetes later in life. Data indicate that oocytes from overweight animals have abnormal mitochondria. We hypothesized that maternal obesity is associated with altered mitochondrial function in healthy neonatal offspring...
July 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557678/rural-urban-variations-in-age-at-menarche-adult-height-leg-length-and-abdominal-adiposity-in-black-south-african-women-in-transitioning-south-africa
#15
Rihlat Said-Mohamed, Alessandra Prioreschi, Lukhanyo H Nyati, Alastair van Heerden, Richard J Munthali, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen M Tollman, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Brian Houle, David B Dunger, Shane A Norris
BACKGROUND: The pre-pubertal socioeconomic environment may be an important determinant of age at menarche, adult height, body proportions and adiposity: traits closely linked to adolescent and adult health. AIMS: This study explored differences in age at menarche, adult height, relative leg-length and waist circumference between rural and urban black South African young adult women, who are at different stages of the nutrition and epidemiologic transitions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We compared 18-23 year-old black South African women, 482 urban-dwelling from Soweto and 509 from the rural Mpumalanga province...
March 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464905/greater-neonatal-fat-free-mass-and-similar-fat-mass-following-a-randomized-trial-to-control-excess-gestational-weight-gain
#16
Dympna Gallagher, Barak Rosenn, Tatiana Toro-Ramos, Charles Paley, Sonia Gidwani, Michelle Horowitz, Janet Crane, Susan Lin, John C Thornton, Xavier Pi-Sunyer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of controlling maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) in the second and third trimesters on neonate body composition. METHODS: Two hundred ten healthy women with overweight (25 > BMI < 30) or obesity (BMI ≥ 30) were randomly assigned to a lifestyle intervention (LI) program focused on controlling GWG through nutrition and activity behaviors or to usual obstetrical care (UC). Infant fat and fat-free mass (FFM) at birth were measured by using air displacement plethysmography (PEA POD) and by using quantitative magnetic resonance (QMR)...
March 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447091/obesity-in-pregnancy-a-comparison-of-four-national-guidelines
#17
Dana Vitner, Kristin Harris, Cynthia Maxwell, Dan Farine
BACKGROUND: Obesity in pregnancy has become one of the most important challenges in obstetrical care given its prevalence and potential adverse impact on both mother and fetus. The primary objective of this descriptive review is to identify common themes and distinctions within the current recommendations for maternal obesity in the most updated version of four published national guidelines. METHODS: We reviewed the following guidelines for obesity in pregnancy: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) 2015, Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (RANZCOG) 2013, Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (RCOG) 2010, and Society of Obstetrics and Gynecologists of Canada (SOGC) 2010...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417365/integrating-obstetrical-care-and-wic-nutritional-services-to-address-maternal-obesity-and-postpartum-weight-retention
#18
Susan M Gross, Marycatherine Augustyn, Janice L Henderson, Khrysta Baig, Christie A Williams, Bolanle Ajao, Patricia Bell-Waddy, David M Paige
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated a cost neutral, integrated Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women Infants and Children (WIC) and obstetrical service model designed to prevent postpartum weight retention in obese women. METHODS: A sample of women who received benefits from the Johns Hopkins (JH) WIC program and prenatal care from the JH Nutrition in Pregnancy Clinic, which provides obstetrical care for women with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 , participated in the WICNIP randomized clinical trial...
June 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370250/associations-of-psychosocial-factors-with-pregnancy-healthy-life-styles
#19
Shabnam Omidvar, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Karimallah Hajian-Tilak, Fatemeh Nasiri Amiri
Healthy behaviors in pregnant women have a major effect on pregnancy outcomes; however, only few studies have explored the relationship of multiple psychosocial factors with healthy lifestyles during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the five psychosocial factors of anxiety, stress, depression, marital dissatisfaction, and social support are associated with six domains of healthy lifestyles in pregnant women, including nutrition, physical activity, health responsibility, stress management, interpersonal relationships, and self-actualization...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273309/the-satisfactory-growth-and-development-at-2-years-of-age-of-the-intergrowth-21-st-fetal-growth-standards-cohort-support-its-appropriateness-for-constructing-international-standards
#20
José Villar, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Eleonora Staines Urias, Francesca Giuliani, Eric O Ohuma, Cesar G Victora, Aris T Papageorghiou, Douglas G Altman, Cutberto Garza, Fernando C Barros, Fabien Puglia, Roseline Ochieng, Yasmin A Jaffer, Julia A Noble, Enrico Bertino, Manorama Purwar, Ruyan Pang, Ann Lambert, Cameron Chumlea, Alan Stein, Michelle Fernandes, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Stephen H Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends that human growth should be monitored with the use of international standards. However, in obstetric practice, we continue to monitor fetal growth using numerous local charts or equations that are based on different populations for each body structure. Consistent with World Health Organization recommendations, the INTERGROWTH-21st Project has produced the first set of international standards to date pregnancies; to monitor fetal growth, estimated fetal weight, Doppler measures, and brain structures; to measure uterine growth, maternal nutrition, newborn infant size, and body composition; and to assess the postnatal growth of preterm babies...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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