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Sharon M Donovan

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30108477/diet-can-impact-microbiota-composition-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Kirsten Berding, Sharon M Donovan
Diet is one of the most influential environmental factors in determining the composition of the gastrointestinal microbiota. Microbial dysbiosis in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and the impact of some bacterial taxa on symptoms of ASD has been recognized. Children with ASD are often described as picky eaters with low intake of fiber-rich foods, including fruits and vegetables. However, the impact of diet on the microbiota composition in children with ASD is largely unknown. Herein, fecal samples, 3 day food diaries and the Youth and Adolescence Food Frequency questionnaire (YAQ) were collected from children with ASD (ASD; n = 26) and unaffected controls (CONT; n = 32)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019029/dietary-bovine-lactoferrin-reduces-staphylococcus-aureus-in-the-tissues-and-modulates-the-immune-response-in-piglets-systemically-infected-with-s-aureus
#2
Elizabeth A Reznikov, Sarah S Comstock, Jennifer L Hoeflinger, Mei Wang, Michael J Miller, Sharon M Donovan
Background: Bovine lactoferrin (bLf) reduces Staphylococcus aureus infection in premature infants and promotes the growth of Bifidobacterium infantis , a predominant infant gut species. We hypothesized that bLf in combination with B. infantis would reduce the severity of systemic S. aureus infection. Objective: The aim was to determine the effects of oral administration of bLf and B. infantis on the course of systemic S. aureus infection. Methods: Colostrum-deprived piglets were fed formulas containing 4 g whey/L (CON group) or bLf (LF group)...
April 2018: Current developments in nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980501/automated-real-time-collection-of-pathogen-specific-diagnostic-data-syndromic-infectious-disease-epidemiology
#3
Lindsay Meyers, Christine C Ginocchio, Aimie N Faucett, Frederick S Nolte, Per H Gesteland, Amy Leber, Diane Janowiak, Virginia Donovan, Jennifer Dien Bard, Silvia Spitzer, Kathleen A Stellrecht, Hossein Salimnia, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Stefan Juretschko, Judy A Daly, Jeremy C Wallentine, Kristy Lindsey, Franklin Moore, Sharon L Reed, Maria Aguero-Rosenfeld, Paul D Fey, Gregory A Storch, Steve J Melnick, Christine C Robinson, Jennifer F Meredith, Camille V Cook, Robert K Nelson, Jay D Jones, Samuel V Scarpino, Benjamin M Althouse, Kirk M Ririe, Bradley A Malin, Mark A Poritz
BACKGROUND: Health care and public health professionals rely on accurate, real-time monitoring of infectious diseases for outbreak preparedness and response. Early detection of outbreaks is improved by systems that are comprehensive and specific with respect to the pathogen but are rapid in reporting the data. It has proven difficult to implement these requirements on a large scale while maintaining patient privacy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the automated export, aggregation, and analysis of infectious disease diagnostic test results from clinical laboratories across the United States in a manner that protects patient confidentiality...
July 6, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928834/effectiveness-of-workplace-lactation-interventions-on-breastfeeding-outcomes-in-the-united-states-an-updated-systematic-review
#4
Julia H Kim, Jong C Shin, Sharon M Donovan
Background Returning to work is one of the main barriers to breastfeeding duration among working mothers in the United States. However, the impact of workplace lactation programs is unclear. Research Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of workplace lactation programs in the United States on breastfeeding practices. Methods A systematic search was conducted of seven databases through September 2017. Articles ( N = 10) meeting the inclusion criteria of describing a workplace lactation intervention and evaluation in the United States and measuring initiation, exclusivity, or duration using an experimental or observational study design were critically evaluated...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894927/home-feeding-environment-and-picky-eating-behavior-in-preschool-aged-children-a-prospective-analysis
#5
Natasha Chong Cole, Salma M Musaad, Soo-Yeun Lee, Sharon M Donovan
OBJECTIVE: Picky eating is prevalent in young children and is associated with poor dietary quality and nutrient deficiencies. Identifying predictors of picky eating could inform the development of anticipatory feeding guidance for parents and caregivers of young children. This study identified the association between factors of the home feeding environment with picky eating behavior in a cohort of preschool-aged children. METHODS: Parents of preschool-aged children (n = 497) completed questionnaires including measures of the home feeding environment (i...
August 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764921/fibroblast-growth-factor-23-and-risks-of-cardiovascular-and-noncardiovascular-diseases-a-meta-analysis
#6
Amarnath Marthi, Killian Donovan, Richard Haynes, David C Wheeler, Colin Baigent, Christopher M Rooney, Martin J Landray, Sharon M Moe, Jun Yang, Lisa Holland, Romina di Giuseppe, Annet Bouma-de Krijger, Borislava Mihaylova, William G Herrington
Background Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) has been hypothesized to play a role in the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with CKD. Methods We identified prospective studies reporting associations between FGF-23 concentration and risk of cardiovascular events. Maximally adjusted risk ratios (RRs) were extracted for each outcome and scaled to a comparison of the top versus bottom third of the baseline FGF-23 concentration, and the results aggregated. Results Depending on the assay used, median FGF-23 concentrations were 43-74 RU/ml and 38-47 pg/ml in 17 general population cohorts; 102-392 RU/ml in nine cohorts of patients with CKD not requiring dialysis; and 79-4212 RU/ml and 2526-5555 pg/ml in eight cohorts of patients on dialysis...
July 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571010/fecal-microbiome-composition-and-stability-in-4-to-8-year-old-children-is-associated-with-dietary-patterns-and-nutrient-intake
#7
Kirsten Berding, Hannah D Holscher, Anna E Arthur, Sharon M Donovan
How long-term dietary intake shapes microbiota composition and stability in young children is poorly understood. Herein, the temporal variability in stool microbiota composition in relation to habitual dietary patterns of 4- to 8-year-old children (n=22) was investigated. Fecal samples were collected at baseline, 6 weeks and 6 months. Bacterial composition and volatile fatty acids were assessed by 16S rRNA sequencing and gas-chromatography, respectively. Nutrient intake was assessed using 3-day food diaries and dietary patterns were empirically derived from a food frequency questionnaire...
June 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570610/dietary-sialyllactose-does-not-influence-measures-of-recognition-memory-or-diurnal-activity-in-the-young-pig
#8
Stephen A Fleming, Maciej Chichlowski, Brian M Berg, Sharon M Donovan, Ryan N Dilger
Sialic acid (SA) is an integral component of gangliosides and signaling molecules in the brain and its dietary intake may support cognitive development. We previously reported that feeding sialyllactose, a milk oligosaccharide that contains SA, alters SA content and diffusivity in the pig brain. The present research sought to expand upon such results and describe the effects of feeding sialyllactose on recognition memory and sleep/wake activity using a translational pig model. Pigs were provided ad libitum access to a customized milk replacer containing 0 g/L or 380 g/L of sialyllactose from postnatal day (PND) 2-22...
March 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244832/productivity-impact-and-collaboration-differences-between-transdisciplinary-and-traditionally-trained-doctoral-students-a-comparison-of-publication-patterns
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Anna-Sigrid Keck, Stephanie Sloane, Janet M Liechty, Barbara H Fiese, Sharon M Donovan
Transdisciplinary (TD) approaches are increasingly used to address complex public health problems such as childhood obesity. Compared to traditional grant-funded scientific projects among established scientists, those designed around a TD, team-based approach yielded greater publication output after three to five years. However, little is known about how a TD focus throughout graduate school training may affect students' publication-related productivity, impact, and collaboration. The objective of this study was to compare the publication patterns of students in traditional versus TD doctoral training programs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195590/age-differences-in-outcomes-among-patients-in-the-stimulant-abuser-groups-to-engage-in-12-step-stage-12-intervention
#10
Sharon B Garrett, Suzanne R Doyle, K Michelle Peavy, Elizabeth A Wells, Mandy D Owens, Kathy Shores-Wilson, Jessica DiCenzo, Dennis M Donovan
Emerging adults (roughly 18-29years) with substance use disorders can benefit from participation in twelve-step mutual-help organizations (TSMHO), however their attendance and participation in such groups is relatively low. Twelve-step facilitation therapies, such as the Stimulant Abuser Groups to Engage in 12-Step (STAGE-12), may increase attendance and involvement, and lead to decreased substance use. AIMS: Analyses examined whether age moderated the STAGE-12 effects on substance use and TSMHO meeting attendance and participation...
January 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182578/dietary-sialyllactose-influences-sialic-acid-concentrations-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-measures-in-corpus-callosum-of-young-pigs
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Austin T Mudd, Stephen A Fleming, Beau Labhart, Maciej Chichlowski, Brian M Berg, Sharon M Donovan, Ryan N Dilger
Sialic acid (SA) is a key component of gangliosides and neural cell adhesion molecules important during neurodevelopment. Human milk contains SA in the form of sialyllactose (SL) an abundant oligosaccharide. To better understand the potential role of dietary SL on neurodevelopment, the effects of varying doses of dietary SL on brain SA content and neuroimaging markers of development were assessed in a newborn piglet model. Thirty-eight male pigs were provided one of four experimental diets from 2 to 32 days of age...
November 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858874/variants-in-chemosensory-genes-are-associated-with-picky-eating-behavior-in-preschool-age-children
#12
Natasha Chong Cole, Anthony A Wang, Sharon M Donovan, Soo-Yeun Lee, Margarita Teran-Garcia
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Picky eating is prevalent among preschoolers and is associated with risk of both underweight and overweight. Although differences in taste perception may be due to genetic variation, it is unclear whether these variations are related to picky eating behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of 6 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 5 candidate genes related to chemosensory perception with picky eating behavior and adiposity in a cohort of preschool-aged children...
2017: Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739655/critical-issues-in-food-allergy-a-national-academies-consensus-report
#13
Scott H Sicherer, Katrina Allen, Gideon Lack, Steve L Taylor, Sharon M Donovan, Maria Oria
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened an expert, ad hoc committee to examine critical issues related to food allergy. The authors of the resulting report, "Finding a Path to Safety in Food Allergy: Assessment of the Global Burden, Causes, Prevention, Management, and Public Policy," evaluated the scientific evidence on the prevalence, diagnosis, prevention, and management of food allergy and made recommendations to bring about a safe environment for those affected. The committee recommended approaches to monitor prevalence, explore risk factors, improve diagnosis, and provide evidence-based health care...
July 24, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724660/human-milk-oligosaccharides-potent-weapons-in-the-battle-against-rotavirus-infection
#14
Sharon M Donovan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703640/serum-cortisol-mediates-the-relationship-between-fecal-ruminococcus-and-brain-n-acetylaspartate-in-the-young-pig
#15
Austin T Mudd, Kirsten Berding, Mei Wang, Sharon M Donovan, Ryan N Dilger
A dynamic relationship between the gut microbiota and brain is pivotal in neonatal development. Dysbiosis of the microbiome may result in altered neurodevelopment; however, it is unclear which specific members of microbiota are most influential and what factors might mediate the relationship between the gut and the brain. Twenty-four vaginally-derived male piglets were subjected to magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 30 d of age. Ascending colon contents, feces, and blood were collected and analyzed for volatile fatty acids, microbiota relative abundance by 16s rRNA, and serum metabolites, respectively...
November 2, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689552/breastfeeding-is-natural-but-not-the-cultural-norm-a-mixed-methods-study-of-first-time-breastfeeding-african-american-mothers-participating-in-wic
#16
Julia H Kim, Barbara H Fiese, Sharon M Donovan
OBJECTIVE: Identify facilitators, barriers, and needs to increase breastfeeding (BF) support. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale, and Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form to measure attitudes and self-efficacy, respectively. SETTING: One WIC clinic in central Illinois. PARTICIPANTS: First-time BF African American mothers enrolled in WIC (n = 15)...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680065/nopal-opuntia-ficus-indica-protects-from-metabolic-endotoxemia-by-modifying-gut-microbiota-in-obese-rats-fed-high-fat-sucrose-diet
#17
Mónica Sánchez-Tapia, Miriam Aguilar-López, Claudia Pérez-Cruz, Edgar Pichardo-Ontiveros, Mei Wang, Sharon M Donovan, Armando R Tovar, Nimbe Torres
Current efforts are directed to reducing the gut dysbiosis and inflammation produced by obesity. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether consuming nopal, a vegetable rich in dietary fibre, vitamin C, and polyphenols can reduce the metabolic consequences of obesity by modifying the gut microbiota and preventing metabolic endotoxemia in rats fed a high fat and sucrose diet. With this aim, rats were fed a high fat diet with 5% sucrose in the drinking water (HFS) for 7 months and then were fed for 1 month with HFS + 5% nopal (HFS + N)...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615383/introduction-to-the-fourth-global-summit-on-the-health-effects-of-yogurt
#18
Sharon M Donovan, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586481/dietary-fiber-and-digestive-health-in-children
#19
REVIEW
Renee Korczak, Alison Kamil, Lisa Fleige, Sharon M Donovan, Joanne L Slavin
Digestive health is an expanding area in nutrition research due to the interest in how food components such as fiber affect gastrointestinal tolerance, stool form, defecation frequency, transit time, and gut microbial composition and metabolic activity. In children, however, digestive health studies that intervene with dietary fiber are limited due to legal and ethical concerns. To better understand if fiber improves digestive health in children, a literature review was conducted to answer the following research question: What are the effect(s) of fiber-containing foods and/or supplements on digestive health outcomes in children? A search of the PubMed database identified a total of 12 studies that fit the inclusion criteria established for this review...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535257/correlates-of-picky-eating-and-food-neophobia-in-young-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Natasha Chong Cole, Ruopeng An, Soo-Yeun Lee, Sharon M Donovan
Picky eating behavior is prevalent among toddlers and may negatively impact their growth and development. This article summarizes the correlates of picky eating and food neophobia in young children, which were identified using a socio-ecological framework. A literature search was conducted in 4 electronic databases. Inclusion criteria were English-language peer-reviewed publications that investigated correlate(s) of picky eating or food neophobia in children aged ≤30 months. Correlates were categorized into 4 levels: cell, child, clan (family), and community/country...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
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