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Marchese Mr, D'Alatri L, Bentivoglio Ar, Paludetti G
OBJECTIVE: To report the results of functional outcome, dose trend and relationship between onabotulinumtoxinA (onabotA) dosage and the severity of disease or time between therapy sessions in patients affected by adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients underwent 193 EMG-guided intracordal injections of a starting dose of 2 MU of onabotA. At enrollment, each subject was administered the VHI. The response was evaluated using a subjective rating scale (0-100% of normal phonation)...
October 10, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Katherine L Marks, Mariah Morton, Michael M Johns, Edie R Hapner
OBJECTIVES: To establish the validity of the OMNI Vocal Effort Scale (OMNI-VES) for resistance exercise, a single-question pictorial scale, in voice-related perceived exertion. Additionally, the study aimed to assess the role of the OMNI-VES as an outcome measurement in the treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD). METHODS: A prospective validation study was conducted on 226 participants. The case group was comprised of 178 patients receiving botulinum toxin (BTX) injections for ADSD and 48 controls without a voice disorder...
October 12, 2018: Laryngoscope
Igor Tak, Rob Langhout, Bas Bertrand, Maarten Barendrecht, Janine Stubbe, Gino Kerkhoffs, Adam Weir
OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical course including return to sport success rates of football players with adductor-related groin pain (ARGP) after manual therapy of the adductor muscles. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Thirty-four football players with ARGP with median pre-injury Tegner scores of 9 (IQR 25-75: 9-9) were treated with manual therapy of the adductor muscles. Main outcome measures were numeric pain rating scale (NPRS), Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS) and global perceived effect (GPE) for treatment and patient satisfaction at 2, 6 and 12 weeks...
October 11, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke, Thamiris De Cristho Dorneles, Raquel Milani El Kik
INTRODUCTION: the measurement of the adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) has been investigated as an anthropometric parameter; however, there are few studies related to hospitalized elderly patients. OBJECTIVE: to analyze the association between APMT and nutritional parameters in hospitalized elderly patients. METHOD: cross-sectional study made in 331 hospitalized elderly patients. The following variables have been assessed: APMT, Mini Nutritional Assessment® (MNA®), body mass index (BMI), arm circumference (AC), calf circumference (CC) and handgrip strength (HGS)...
October 5, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Megan E Cuellar, Jennine Harvey
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between air pulse vs. touch laryngeal adductor reflex (LAR) tests and the clinical sensory findings of fiberoptic endoscopic evaluations of swallowing. METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted for 43 patients with dysphagia due to stroke that underwent fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing with sensory testing (FEESST). Each patient received LAR testing using air pulse or touch methodologies. Clinically, responsiveness to pharyngeal residue and responsiveness to penetration or aspiration were analysed...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Komeil Dashti Rostami, Aynollah Naderi, Abbey Thomas
CONTEXT: Hamstring and quadriceps activity adaptations are well known in individuals with anterior cruciate ligament deficiency (ACLD) and reconstructed (ACLR) to potentially compensate for knee joint instability. However, few studies have explored hip muscles activity patterns after ACL injury. OBJECTIVE: to examine the activation characteristics of gluteus medius (GMED) and adductor longus (AL) in ACLR and ACLD subjects compared to controls. DESIGN: case-control study...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Charlie Bowen, Kristian Weaver, Nicola Relph, Matt Greig
CONTEXT: Training exposure has been associated with injury epidemiology in elite youth soccer, where lower limb musculoskeletal screening is commonly used to highlight injury risk. However, there has been little consideration of the relationship between lower limb screening and the loading response to soccer activities. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the efficacy of using screening tests to predict the loading elicited in soccer-specific activities, and to develop a hierarchical ordering of musculoskeletal screening tests to identify test redundancy and inform practice...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Ada J Klinkhamer, Heinrich Mallison, Stephen F Poropat, George H K Sinapius, Stephen Wroe
The biomechanical constraints for life at massive size can be directly observed in the evolutionary history of sauropodomorph dinosaurs. Members of this lineage underwent a number of major postural transitions as they increased in size from relatively small bipedal dinosaurs to massive titanosaurs that include the largest terrestrial animals of all time. To better understand the impact of gigantic size on the biomechanics of sauropods, we used three-dimensional musculoskeletal modelling to investigate how hind limb musculature was affected, firstly by the development of a quadrupedal stance from a bipedal one, and later in the transition from a narrow-gauge to a wide-gauge stance...
October 9, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Martin Fruth, Bjoern Buehring, Xenofon Baraliakos, Juergen Braun
OBJECTIVES: To identify inflammatory pelvic structures of patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detail, searching for a disease-specific pattern. METHODS: A total of 40 contrast-enhanced pelvic MRIs of patients with a clinical diagnosis of PMR was reviewed by an experienced musculoskeletal radiologist who assessed all abnormalities semi-quantitatively, based on a predefined scoring system. RESULTS: The median (25th/75th percentiles) age of patients was 67 (55/73) years, median symptom duration 13 (6/22) weeks, 55% female, median CRP 1...
September 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Iwaki Koichi, Sakai Toshinori, Hatayama Daisuke, Hayashi Yohei, Inoue Nanae, Matsumoto Miyuki, Hattori Yusuke, Goto Tsuyoshi, Sairyo Koichi, Tsuji Shuichiro
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physical features of pediatric patients with lumbar spondylolysis (LS), factors that increase the load during compensatory movements at the lumbar spine, and the outcomes of rehabilitation. Twenty patients were included. Fifteen items were used:fingertip-to-floor distance (FFD), straight leg raising (SLR), heel-to-buttock distance (HBD), tightness of the rectus femoris, the lateral and medial rotator muscles, iliopsoas, tensor fascia lata, adductor muscles, soleus muscle, and latissimus dorsi, and trunk rotation, sit-ups and endurance of the abdominal and back muscles...
2018: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
Anna Toldrà, Karl B Andree, Edgar Bertomeu, Ana Roque, Noèlia Carrasco, Ignasi Gairín, M Dolores Furones, Mònica Campàs
Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) has been involved in mass mortality episodes of Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas throughout the world, causing important economic losses to the aquaculture industry. In the present study, magnetic beads (MBs) coated with an anionic polymer were used to capture viable OsHV-1 from two types of naturally infected matrix: oyster homogenate and seawater. Adsorption of the virus on the MBs and characterisation of the MB-virus conjugates was demonstrated by real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR)...
2018: PloS One
Priscila Moreira de Lima Pereira, Íris Teixeira Soares, Marcus Gomes Bastos, Ana Paula Carlos Cândido
INTRODUCTION: Evaluate the association between the thumb adductor muscle thickness and the patient's nutritional status, and propose cutoff points for muscle mass depletion in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) under conservative treatment. Epidemiological and cross-sectional study, including patients with CKD stages 3 to 5, older than 60 years. Socioeconomic, clinical, physical activity and anthropometric data was obtained. TAMT was described and compared according to CKD stage, socioeconomic data, physical activity, nutritional status and correlated with age, glomerular filtration rate and anthropometric variables...
September 21, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Robert P Runner, Stephanie A Boden, William S Godfrey, Ajay Premkumar, Heather Samady, Michael B Gottschalk, John W Xerogeanes
Background: Peripheral nerve blocks, particularly femoral nerve blocks (FNBs), are commonly performed for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, associated quadriceps muscle weakness after FNBs is well described and may occur for up to 6 months postoperatively. The adductor canal block (ACB) has emerged as a viable alternative to the FNB, theoretically causing less quadriceps weakness during the immediate postoperative period, as it bypasses the majority of the motor fibers of the femoral nerve that branch off proximal to the adductor canal...
September 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Samer Makki Mohamed Al-Hakkak
INTRODUCTION: The preferred localization of human echinococcosis is the liver and lungs, which account for 85% of cases. Primary musculoskeletal hydatidosis are seldom reported in literature and their incidence is unknown. Primary solitary intramuscular hydatid disease is rare, even in countries in which echinococcosis is endemic and accounts for 1% of all human echinococcosis sites. CASE PRESENTATION: 37-year-old male farmer presented with primary hydatid cyst of the upper medial side of right thigh (Inside adductor magnus muscle) who was managed successfully by preoperative and postoperative dual treatment of albendazole together with surgery...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Benton A Emblom, Taylor Mathis, Kyle Aune
Background: A rectus abdominis-adductor longus (RA-AL) aponeurotic plate injury, commonly associated with athletic pubalgia, sports hernia, or a core muscle injury, causes significant dysfunction in athletes. Increased recognition of this specific injury distinct from inguinal hernia abnormalities has led to better management of this debilitating condition. Hypothesis: Surgical repair of RA-AL aponeurotic plate injuries will result in decreased symptoms and high rates of return to play...
September 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Alfred C Gellhorn, Jordan M Stumph, Hashem E Zikry, Carly A Creelman, Rachel Welbel
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of muscle strength as performed routinely with a dynamometer may be limited by important factors such as pain during muscle contraction. Few studies have compared formal strength testing with ultrasound to measure muscle bulk in adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: We investigated the muscle bulk of lower limb muscles in adults with knee OA using quantitative ultrasound. We analyzed the relationship between patient reported function and the muscle bulk of hip adductors, hip abductors, knee extensors and ankle plantarflexors...
September 27, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Kara M Nyquist, Travis G O'Quinn, Lindsey N Drey, Loni W Lucherk, J C Brooks, Mark F Miller, Jerrad F Legako
The objective of this study was to determine the palatability of various beef cuts from 3 USDA quality grades. Five different beef subprimals from USDA Prime, Choice, and Select (n = 10/quality grade) carcasses were utilized for the study, including: strip loins, inside rounds, bottom rounds, shoulder clods, and chuck rolls. Subprimals were fabricated into 9 retail cuts, which contained the following beef muscles: longissimus lumborum (LL); longissimus thoracis, complexus, and spinalis dorsi (LCS); infraspinatus (IF); serratus ventralis (SV); triceps brachii (TB); teres major (TM); adductor (AD); semimembranosus (SM); and biceps femoris (BF)...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Celeste L Overbeek, Arjen Kolk, Jochem Nagels, Pieter Bas de Witte, Peer van der Zwaal, Cornelis P J Visser, Marta Fiocco, Rob G H H Nelissen, Jurriaan H de Groot
BACKGROUND: Enhancement of arm adductor activity during abduction (ie, adductor co-contraction), may be effective in the treatment of subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS). We assessed whether an increase of adductor co-contraction is associated with a favorable course of SAPS. METHODS: At baseline and after nearly 4 years of follow-up, electromyography of the latissimus dorsi (LD), teres major (TM), pectoralis major, and deltoid muscle was obtained during isometric abduction and adduction tasks in 26 patients with SAPS...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Xiaoling Hou, Zeyu Luo, Haoyang Wang, Yujia Zhan, Lu Yang, Lingli Li
Objective: To investigate the effect of adductor canal block combined with local infiltration anesthesia on the rehabilitation of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: A total of 104 patients who met the selection criteria for the first unilateral TKA between March 2017 and August 2017 were included in the study. They were randomly divided into trial group (53 cases) and control group (51 cases). In the trial group, the adductor canal block with intraoperative local infiltration anesthesia were performed...
August 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
David C Kingston, Stacey M Acker
Activation waveforms of vastus intermedius, adductor magnus, and semimembranosus have not been reported for high knee flexion activities such as kneeling or squatting, likely due to the invasive procedures required for their measurement. Their relatively large physiological cross sectional areas would suggest their contributions to knee joint loading could be considerable. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to quantify the activities of these muscles using fine-wire EMG and to assess easy to measure surface sites (vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, vastus medialis, semitendinosus, and biceps femoris) for their potential as proxy measures using <10 %MVC RMS and >0...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
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