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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793017/colonic-ischemia-after-standard-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-a-rare-but-dangerous-complication
#1
R Berchiolli, D Adami, M Marconi, M Mari, B Puta, M Ferrari
Colonic Ischemia (CI) after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair, although rare, is associated with severe prognosis. Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) is becoming the standard of practice in most vascular centers, and it also may reduce CI incidence in comparison to conventional open repair.
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792924/creation-of-an-acellular-vaginal-matrix-for-potential-vaginal-augmentation-and-cloacal-repair
#2
K V Greco, L G Jones, I Obiri-Yeboa, T Ansari
STUDY OBJECTIVE: our aim was to use porcine vagina to create a vaginal matrix and test its cellular biocompatibility. DESIGN: vagina was harvested from pigs and de-cellularised (DC) using a combination of detergents (Triton x-100 and sodium deoxycholate) and enzymes (DNAse/RNAse). INTERVENTIONS: the presence of cellular material, collagen structural integrity and basement membrane proteins were assessed histologically. To address cytocompatibility, porcine adipose derived-mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSC) were harvested from abdominal fat together with vaginal epithelial cells (VEC) and seeded onto the mucosal aspect of the vaginal scaffold...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792228/field-evaluation-of-an-immunochromatographic-test-for-diagnosis-of-cystic-and-alveolar-echinococcosis
#3
Chun-Hua Gao, Jun-Yun Wang, Feng Shi, Dietmar Steverding, Xia Wang, Yue-Tao Yang, Xiao-Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: The larval stages of the tapeworms Echinocoocus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis are the causative agents of human cystic echinococcosis (CE) and human alveolar echinococcosis (AE), respectively. Both CE and AE are chronic diseases characterised by long asymptomatic periods of many years. However, early diagnosis of the disease is important if treatment and management of echinococcosis patients are to be successful. METHODS: A previously developed rapid diagnostic test (RDT) for the differential detection of CE and AE was evaluated under field conditions with finger prick blood samples taken from 1502 people living in the Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, China, a region with a high prevalence for both forms of human echinococcosis...
May 23, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792171/embryonic-transcriptome-and-proteome-analyses-on-hepatic-lipid-metabolism-in-chickens-divergently-selected-for-abdominal-fat-content
#4
Wei Na, Yuan-Yuan Wu, Peng-Fei Gong, Chun-Yan Wu, Bo-Han Cheng, Yu-Xiang Wang, Ning Wang, Zhi-Qiang Du, Hui Li
BACKGROUND: In avian species, liver is the main site of de novo lipogenesis, and hepatic lipid metabolism relates closely to adipose fat deposition. Using our fat and lean chicken lines of striking differences in abdominal fat content, post-hatch lipid metabolism in both liver and adipose tissues has been studied extensively. However, whether molecular discrepancy for hepatic lipid metabolism exists in chicken embryos remains obscure. RESULTS: We performed transcriptome and proteome profiling on chicken livers at five embryonic stages (E7, E12, E14, E17 and E21) between the fat and lean chicken lines...
May 23, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791989/an-unexpected-adverse-event-during-colonoscopy-screening-bochdalek-hernia
#5
Joon Seop Lee, Eun Soo Kim, Min Kyu Jung, Sung Kook Kim, Sun Jin, Deok Heon Lee, Jun Won Seo
Bochdalek hernia (BH) is defined as herniated abdominal contents appearing throughout the posterolateral segment of the diaphragm. It is usually observed during the prenatal or newborn period. Here, we report a case of an adult patient with herniated omentum and colon due to BH that was discovered during a colonoscopy. A 41-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with severe left chest and abdominal pain that began during a colonoscopy. Her chest radiography showed colonic shadow filling in the lower half of the left thoracic cavity...
May 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791988/-liver-abscess-secondary-to-perforation-after-duodenal-endoscopic-resection
#6
Seung Ho Choi, Su Jin Kim, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Cheol Woong Choi, Tae Un Kim, Jeong Seok Lee, Ji Hwan Ko
Duodenal perforation is a complication of endoscopic mucosal resection. Liver abscess secondary to iatrogenic perforation is extremely rare. A 43-year-old female visited the hospital to remove a sub-epithelial tumor on the duodenal bulb. After endoscopic mucosal resection with band ligation, duodenal perforation occurred. Endoscopic closure was performed successfully using a clipping device to manage duodenal perforation. After 4 weeks, the patient visited our outpatient clinic due to abdominal pain and fever...
May 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791981/inguinoscrotal-hernia-containing-the-urinary-bladder-successfully-repaired-using-laparoscopic-transabdominal-preperitoneal-repair-technique-a-case-report
#7
Tatsuya Tazaki, Masaru Sasaki, Mohei Kohyama, Yoichi Sugiyama, Shinnosuke Uegami, Ryuta Shintakuya, Yuji Imamura, Atsushi Nakamitsu
We report herein a patient with an inguinoscrotal hernia containing the urinary bladder. The hernia was safely repaired using the laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal repair technique. A 76-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. His scrotum was swollen to fist size. Abdominal CT showed herniation of the sigmoid colon and the bladder into the right inguinal region, and his abdominal pain was attributed to incarceration of the sigmoid colon; this was manually reduced...
May 23, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791972/laparoscopic-radical-nephrectomy-for-a-right-renal-tumor-with-renal-vein-tumor-thrombus-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus-totalis
#8
Jun Ito, Yasuhiro Kaiho, Hiromichi Iwamura, Go Anan, Makoto Sato
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by complete inversion of the thoracic and abdominal organs. Many intra-abdominal and vessel anomalies have been reported in association with SIT. However, there have been no reports on the use of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with thrombectomy for renal vein thrombus, which is considered as a safe and feasible procedure, in patients with SIT. We herein present the case of an 80-year-old man with SIT who was preoperatively diagnosed with a right renal tumor and renal vein tumor thrombus...
May 23, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791913/lymphadenectomy-and-adjuvant-therapy-improve-survival-with-uterine-carcinosarcoma-a-large-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Marco A C Versluis, Cindy Pielsticker, Maaike A van der Aa, Marco de Bruyn, Harry Hollema, Hans W Nijman
OBJECTIVE: Uterine carcinosarcoma is a rare, aggressive subtype of endometrial cancer. Treatment consists of hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and lymphadenectomy (LND). The survival benefit of LND in relation to adjuvant radio- and/or chemotherapy is unclear. We evaluated the impact of LND on survival in relation to adjuvant therapy in uterine carcinosarcoma. METHODS: Retrospective data on 1,140 cases were combined from the Netherlands Cancer Registry (NCR) and the nationwide network and registry of histo- and cytopathology in the Netherlands (PALGA)...
May 23, 2018: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791899/national-practice-patterns-for-prenatal-monitoring-in-gastroschisis-gastroschisis-outcomes-of-delivery-good-provider-survey
#10
Ruchi Amin, Aaron Domack, Joseph Bartoletti, Erika Peterson, Britton Rink, Jennifer Bruggink, Melissa Christensen, Anthony Johnson, William Polzin, Amy J Wagner
BACKGROUND: Gastroschisis is an abdominal wall defect with increasing incidence. Given the lack of surveillance guidelines among maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) specialists, this study describes current practices in gastroschisis management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online survey was administered to MFM specialists from institutions affiliated with the North American Fetal Therapy Network (NAFTNet). Questions focused on surveillance timing, testing, findings that changed clinical management, and delivery plan...
May 23, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791700/closing-the-gap-novel-abdominal-wound-closure-techniques
#11
James Dana Kondrup, Alaina M Qayyum
Traditionally, surgical procedures within the realm of both general and gynecological surgery employ the use of staples and interrupted sutures that run continuously with knot tying or subcuticular sutures to ensure closure of large wound incisions, subcuticular incisions, and fascial repair. However, these methods may not always be cosmetically favorable and, thus, result in an unpleasant outcome for the patient, adding to their surgery-related stress. It is, therefore, imperative that surgeons and gynecologists are aware of alternative methods of wound closure that are not only cosmetically favorable, but also ensure rapid wound recovery and infection control...
June 1, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790691/the-protective-effect-of-gingko-biloba-in-a-rat-model-of-ovarian-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-improvement-in-histological-and-biochemical-parameters
#12
Nuri Yildirim, Deniz Simsek, Semir Kose, Alkim Gulsah Sahingoz Yildirim, Cagri Guven, Gurkan Yigitturk, Oytun Erbas
BACKGROUND: Ovarian torsion is one of the most common gynecological emergencies, which especially affects women of reproductive age. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the effect of Ginkgo biloba (GB) supplementation in ovarian ischemia/ reperfusion injury in an experimental torsion/de-torsion rat model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out in the Ege University Faculty of Medicine in Izmir, Turkey. Thirty mature female Sprague-Dawley albino rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: in Group 1 (control), the abdominal wall was only opened and closed; in the torsion group (Group 2), ischemia was induced for 3 h, using atraumatic vascular clips to create a torsion model; in the torsion/GB group (Group 3), the rats were given 80 mg/kg (oral gavage) of GB 30 min before torsion was induced and the torsion model was formed; in the torsion/de-torsion group (Group 4), the rats underwent 3 h of ischemia and then the vascular clips were removed and reperfusion took place for 3 h; in the torsion/de-torsion/GB group (Group 5), the rats underwent 3 h of ischemia followed by GB (oral gavage) 30 min prior to a 3-h reperfusion period...
May 16, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790467/prevalence-of-abdominal-obesity-and-excess-weight-among-portuguese-children-and-why-abdominal-obesity-should-be-included-in-clinical-practice
#13
Daniela Rodrigues, Cristina Padez, Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: Central adiposity in children has increased to a higher degree than general adiposity however it is not a routine measurement in clinical practice. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and abdominal fat distribution and observe the prevalence of abdominal obesity among non-obese 6-10-year-old children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Weight, height, and waist circumference were measured in a sample of 793 children (408 girls). International Obesity Task Force cut-offs were used to define overweight and obesity...
March 29, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790452/does-biological-sex-impact-intestinal-epithelial-injury-small-intestine-permeability-gastrointestinal-symptoms-and-systemic-cytokine-profile-in-response-to-exertional-heat-stress
#14
Rhiannon M J Snipe, Ricardo J S Costa
This study aimed to determine the influence of biological sex on intestinal injury, permeability, gastrointestinal symptoms, and systemic cytokine profile in response to exertional-heat stress. Male (n= 13) and eumenorrheic female (n= 11) endurance runners completed 2 h running at 60% V̇O2max in 35°C. Blood samples were collected pre- and post-exercise and during recovery to determine plasma intestinal fatty-acid binding protein (I-FABP) and systemic cytokine profile. Urinary lactulose:L-rhamnose ratio was used to determine small intestine permeability...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790144/-prone-position-and-nursing-care
#15
Shu-Ju Lu, Shiao-Pei Wang
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening disease, as acute inflammation in the lungs typically leads to hypoxia and symptoms of dyspnea. The treatment modalities of ARDS include mechanical ventilation, corticosteroid, extracorporeal membranous oxygenation, inhaled nitrogen oxide, and the prone position. Among these, the prone position is supported by evidence showing significantly reduced mortality in patients that adopt this modality. Lying in the prone position reduces atelectatic lung volumes by recruitment of dependent parts and facilitates normal regulation of alveolar ventilation, giving better-matched ventilation perfusion and, thus, improved oxygenation...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790129/duodenum-exclusion-alone-is-sufficient-to-improve-glucose-metabolism-in-stz-induced-diabetes-rats
#16
Weihang Wu, Li Lin, Zhixiong Lin, Weijin Yang, Zhicong Cai, Jie Hong, Jiandong Qiu, Chen Lin, Nan Lin, Yu Wang
BACKGROUND: Several studies have found that metabolic surgery can significantly improve glucose homeostasis; however, the intrinsic mechanisms remain unclear. Accumulating evidence suggests that duodenal bypass plays a crucial role in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Here, we aimed to evaluate the effect of duodenal reflux on glucose metabolism in T2DM. METHODS: A high-fat diet and low-dose streptozotocin (STZ) administration were used to induce T2DM in male rats, which were assigned to three experimental groups: sham operation (SO; n = 10), new duodenal-jejunal bypass (NDJB; n = 10), and new duodenal-jejunal bypass with a tube (NDJBT; n = 10)...
May 22, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789994/performance-evaluation-of-a-semi-automated-method-for-18-f-fdg-uptake-in-abdominal-visceral-adipose-tissue
#17
Stefanie A de Boer, Daan S Spoor, Riemer H J A Slart, Douwe J Mulder, Melanie Reijrink, Ronald J H Borra, Gerbrand M Kramer, Otto S Hoekstra, Ronald Boellaard, Marcel J Greuter
PURPOSE: Severity of abdominal obesity and possibly levels of metabolic activity of abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this context, the purpose of the current study was to evaluate the reproducibility and repeatability of a semi-automated method for assessment of the metabolic activity of VAT using 2-deoxy-2-[18 F]fluoro-D-glucose ([18 F]FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/x-ray computed tomography (CT)...
May 22, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789815/challenging-case-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-after-prior-suprapubic-open-prostatectomy
#18
Shirin Razdan, Sanjay Razdan
Introduction: Given the ubiquity of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) for treatment of localized prostate cancer, more surgeons are encountering challenging cases, either secondary to difficult anatomy, prior abdominal surgery, or prior radiation therapy. Our case is of RALP in a patient after prior suprapubic prostatectomy. Case Presentation: A 61-year-old otherwise healthy Hispanic gentleman presented for consultation after being found to have Gleason 4 + 4 = 8 prostate cancer on transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy by an outside provider in July 2017...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789789/incidental-thoracic-and-abdominal-findings-in-diagnostic-imaging
#19
EDITORIAL
Arnaldo Scardapane, Giuseppe Angelelli, Luca Macarini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789717/multicellular-detachment-generates-metastatic-spheroids-during-intra-abdominal-dissemination-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#20
Sara Al Habyan, Christina Kalos, Joseph Szymborski, Luke McCaffrey
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological cancer, where survival rates have had modest improvement over the last 30 years. Metastasis of cancer cells is a major clinical problem, and patient mortality occurs when ovarian cancer cells spread beyond the confinement of ovaries. Disseminated ovarian cancer cells typically spread within the abdomen, where ascites accumulation aids in their transit. Metastatic ascites contain multicellular spheroids, which promote chemo-resistance and recurrence. However, little is known about the origin and mechanisms through which spheroids arise...
May 23, 2018: Oncogene
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