keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Athletics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677461/ebola-s-would-be-refugees-performing-fear-and-navigating-asylum-during-a-public-health-emergency
#1
Benjamin N Lawrance
Chronic and acute illnesses sit uncomfortably with asylum claiming and refugee mobilities. The story of a Sierra Leonean, an athlete who feared Ebola and sought refuge in the UK, provides an opening to examine protection discourses that invoke fear, trauma, and crisis metaphors, to understand how asylum claims are performed, and how related petitions are adjudicated during public health emergencies of international concern. Ebola is revealed as a novel claim strategy, and thus a useful subject matter to investigate the shifting modalities of migrant agency, the unstable fabric of medical humanitarianism, and knowledge production in moments of exceptionality...
April 20, 2018: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677216/plasma-metabolomic-biomarkers-accurately-classify-acute-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-from-controls
#2
Massimo S Fiandaca, Mark Mapstone, Amin Mahmoodi, Thomas Gross, Fabio Macciardi, Amrita K Cheema, Kian Merchant-Borna, Jeffrey Bazarian, Howard J Federoff
Past and recent attempts at devising objective biomarkers for traumatic brain injury (TBI) in both blood and cerebrospinal fluid have focused on abundance measures of time-dependent proteins. Similar independent determinants would be most welcome in diagnosing the most common form of TBI, mild TBI (mTBI), which remains difficult to define and confirm based solely on clinical criteria. There are currently no consensus diagnostic measures that objectively define individuals as having sustained an acute mTBI. Plasma metabolomic analyses have recently evolved to offer an alternative to proteomic analyses, offering an orthogonal diagnostic measure to what is currently available...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675749/evaluation-of-severe-and-fatal-injuries-in-extreme-and-contact-sports-an-international-multicenter-analysis
#3
Christian D Weber, Klemens Horst, Anthony R Nguyen, Rolf Lefering, Hans-Christoph Pape, Frank Hildebrand
PURPOSE: The participation in extreme and contact sports has grown internationally, despite the significant risk for major and multiple injuries. We conducted this multicenter study to evaluate sport-specific injury patterns and mechanisms, to characterize individuals at risk and to identify possible approaches for prevention. METHODS: We compared demographic data, severity and patterns of injuries; and the pre- and in-hospital management from an international population-based prospective trauma database (TraumaRegister DGU®)...
April 19, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674008/applying-systems-ergonomics-methods-in-sport-a-systematic-review
#4
Adam Hulme, Jason Thompson, Katherine L Plant, Gemma J M Read, Scott Mclean, Amanda Clacy, Paul M Salmon
INTRODUCTION: As sports systems become increasingly more complex, competitive, and technology-centric, there is a greater need for systems ergonomics methods to consider the performance, health, and safety of athletes in context with the wider settings in which they operate. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review was to identify and critically evaluate studies which have applied a systems ergonomics research approach in the context of sports performance and injury management...
April 16, 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673797/non-invasive-multi-modality-approach-to-treating-plantar-fasciitis-a-case-study
#5
Tamsin Lee
Plantar fasciitis, also referred to as plantar heel pain, is a common foot pathology among runners and other athletes. The clinical guidelines of the 2014 Orthopedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association states, non-invasive therapies including manual therapy, stretching, taping, foot orthoses and night splints are recommended as primary interventions. Recent studies suggest acupuncture may be an effective treatment compared to standard treatment for long-term relief. This case study reports the effects of a multi-modality approach including massage, gua sha, bleeding, acupuncture and moxibustion to treat acute plantar heel pain...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673243/the-effect-of-additional-carbohydrate-supplements-for-7-days-after-prolonged-interval-exercise-on-exercise-performance-and-energy-metabolism-during-submaximal-exercise-in-team-sports-athletes
#6
Hun-Young Park, Jisu Kim, Miyoung Park, Nana Chung, Kiwon Lim
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to determine the effectiveness of carbohydrate loading by additional carbohydrate supplements for 7 days after prolonged interval exercise on exercise performance and energy metabolism during submaximal exercise in team-sports athletes. METHODS: Twenty male team-sports athletes (14 soccer and 6 rugby players) volunteered to participate in the study and were equally divided into the experimental group (EXP, n=10) performing additional carbohydrate supplementation for 7 days after prolonged interval exercise until blood glucose level reaches 50 mg/dL or less and the control group (CON, n=10)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672644/the-relative-age-effect-is-larger-in-italian-soccer-top-level-youth-categories-and-smaller-in-serie-a
#7
Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Corrado Lupo, Alexandru Nicolae Ungureanu, Riccardo Frati, Alberto Rainoldi, Gennaro Boccia
The relative age effect (RAE; i.e., an asymmetry in the birth distribution) is a bias observed in sport competitions that may favour relatively older athletes in talent identification. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the presence of RAE in elite soccer players competing in the Italian championships, even considering the discriminations of younger and older Serie A players (in relation to the median age of the sample), and different positional roles (i.e., goalkeeper, defender, midfielder, forward) for each observed category...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672225/probiotic-supplementation-in-trained-trotter-horses-effect-on-blood-clinical-pathology-data-and-urine-metabolomic-assessed-in-field
#8
Luca Laghi, Chenglin Zhu, Giuseppe Campagna, Giacomo Rossi, Marilena Bazzano, Fulvio Laus
The attention of sports community towards probiotic supplementation as a way to promote exercise and training performance, together with good health, has increased in recent years. This has applied also to horses, with promising results. Here, for the first time, we tested a probiotic mix of several strains of alive bacteria typically employed for humans to improve the training performance of Standardbred horses in athletic activity. To evaluate its effects on the horse performance, we measured lactate concentration in blood, a translational outcome largely employed for the purpose, combined with the study of hematological and biochemical parameters, together with urine from a metabolomics perspective...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672135/influences-of-mental-illness-current-psychological-state-and-concussion-history-on-baseline-concussion-assessment-performance
#9
Michelle L Weber, John-Henry L Dean, Nicole L Hoffman, Steven P Broglio, Michael McCrea, Thomas W McAllister, Julianne D Schmidt, April Reed Hoy, Joseph B Hazzard, Louise A Kelly, Justus D Ortega, Nicholas Port, Margot Putukian, T Dianne Langford, Ryan Tierney, Darren E Campbell, Gerald McGinty, Patrick O'Donnell, Steven J Svoboda, John P DiFiori, Christopher C Giza, Holly J Benjamin, Thomas Buckley, Thomas W Kaminski, James R Clugston, Luis A Feigenbaum, James T Eckner, Kevin Guskiewicz, Jason P Mihalik, Jessica Dysart Miles, Scott Anderson, Christina L Master, Micky Collins, Anthony P Kontos, Jeffrey J Bazarian, Sara P D Chrisman, Allison Brooks, Stefan Duma, Christopher Todd Bullers, Christopher M Miles, Brian H Dykhuizen
BACKGROUND: A student-athlete's mental state, including history of trait anxiety and depression, or current psychological state may affect baseline concussion assessment performance. PURPOSE: (1) To determine if mental illness (anxiety, depression, anxiety with depression) influences baseline scores, (2) to determine if psychological state correlates with baseline performance, and (3) to determine if history of concussion affects Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) subscores of state anxiety, depression, and somatization...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672132/remplissage-versus-modified-latarjet-for-off-track-hill-sachs-lesions-with-subcritical-glenoid-bone-loss
#10
Justin Shu Yang, Nima Mehran, Augustus D Mazzocca, Michael L Pearl, Vincent W Chen, Robert A Arciero
BACKGROUND: Off-track Hill-Sachs lesions have been associated with high rates of recurrent shoulder instability. Both arthroscopic Bankart with remplissage and modified Latarjet have been described to treat off-track Hill-Sachs lesions. However, few comparative studies exist between the 2 techniques in heterogeneous populations. HYPOTHESIS: Remplissage would have similar recurrence rates and clinical outcomes to modified Latarjet for off-track Hill-Sachs lesions with subcritical glenoid bone loss...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671875/atrial-remodeling-and-ectopic-burden-in-recreational-athletes-implications-for-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation
#11
Adrian D Elliott, Rajiv Mahajan, Dominik Linz, Michael Stokes, Christian V Verdicchio, Melissa E Middeldorp, Andre La Gerche, Dennis H Lau, Prashanthan Sanders
BACKGROUND: Atrial remodeling, vagal tone and atrial ectopic triggers have been suggested to contribute to the increased incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in endurance athletes. How these parameters change with increased lifetime training hours is debated. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesised that atrial remodeling occurs in proportion to total training history, thus contributing to the elevated risk of AF. METHODS: We recruited 99 recreational endurance athletes, subsequently grouped according to lifetime training hours, to undergo evaluation of atrial size, autonomic modulation and atrial ectopy...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671493/the-female-athlete-triad-recommendations-for-management
#12
Rachel Chamberlain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671490/common-running-injuries-evaluation-and-management
#13
Michael J Arnold, Aaron L Moody
Running is a common form of exercise but predisposes athletes to several running-related injuries. Most running injuries are due to overuse and respond to conservative treatment. Tendinopathies in the patellar, Achilles, and hamstring tendons are common, and are primarily treated with eccentric exercise. Iliotibial band syndrome and patellofemoral pain syndrome are less common than patellar tendinopathy and are treated by strengthening exercises for the core and legs in addition to flexibility exercises. Acute hamstring strains and medial tibial stress syndrome require a period of relative rest, followed by stretching and graded return to activity...
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671383/sport-specific-biomechanical-responses-to-an-acl-injury-prevention-programme-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford, Randy J Schmitz, Scott E Ross, Terry A Ackerman, Sandra J Shultz
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programmes have not been as successful at reducing injury rates in women's basketball as in soccer. This randomised controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT02530333) compared biomechanical adaptations in basketball and soccer players during jump-landing activities after an ACL injury prevention programme. Eighty-seven athletes were cluster randomised into intervention (6-week programme) and control groups. Three-dimensional biomechanical analyses of drop vertical jump (DVJ), double- (SAG-DL) and single-leg (SAG-SL) sagittal, and double- (FRONT-DL) and single-leg (FRONT-SL) frontal plane jump landing tasks were tested before and after the intervention...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670754/student-experiences-with-traffic-light-labels-at-college-cafeterias-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
M W Seward, J P Block, A Chatterjee
Objective: To assess student perceptions of traffic-light labels (TLLs) in college cafeterias. Design: Cross-sectional, mixed-methods study. Setting: One northeastern US college. Participants: A total of 1,294 survey respondents; 57 focus group participants. Interventions: Seven-week traffic-light labelling (green = 'nutrient-rich', yellow = 'less nutrient-rich', red = 'more nutrient-rich choice in green or yellow') intervention at two college cafeterias...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670530/validity-of-the-catapult-clearsky-t6-local-positioning-system-for-team-sports-specific-drills-in-indoor-conditions
#16
Live S Luteberget, Matt Spencer, Matthias Gilgien
Aim: The aim of the present study was to determine the validity of position, distance traveled and instantaneous speed of team sport players as measured by a commercially available local positioning system (LPS) during indoor use. In addition, the study investigated how the placement of the field of play relative to the anchor nodes and walls of the building affected the validity of the system. Method: The LPS (Catapult ClearSky T6, Catapult Sports, Australia) and the reference system [Qualisys Oqus, Qualisys AB, Sweden, (infra-red camera system)] were installed around the field of play to capture the athletes' motion...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670477/prevalence-attitude-knowledge-and-practice-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroid-aas-use-among-gym-participants
#17
Sami D Althobiti, Nassar M Alqurashi, Abdulmajeed S Alotaibi, Turki F Alharthi, Khaled A Alswat
Background: Anabolic steroids (AS) are synthetic testosterone derivatives that last longer than physiological androgens in the body. Anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) abuse is spreading among athletes. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of gym participants in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among gym users from February 2017 to May 2017. The questionnaire included information on demographics related to the use of AAS and lifestyle habits...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669852/cholesterol-cancer-and-rebooting-a-treatment-for-athlete-s-foot
#18
REVIEW
Ngee Kiat Chua, Hudson W Coates, Andrew J Brown
A key enzyme in cholesterol synthesis is placed firmly on the oncogenic map and demonstrated to be a potential therapeutic target in liver cancer by repurposing a common antifungal agent (Liu et al , this issue).
April 18, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669719/breathless-athlete-exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction
#19
Steffan Arthur Griffin, Emil S Walsted, James H Hull
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669136/are-collegiate-athletes-as-healthy-as-we-think-they-are
#20
Karly S Geller, Emma Lancaster, Christopher Hill, Samantha Bettinger
The current study compared multiple health-risk behaviors, self-efficacy, and temptation between young adult athletes and nonathletes. Cross-sectional data were collected via a web-based survey. Participants included nonathletes and Division I National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes attending a midwestern university. Multiple health-risk behaviors existed at a high prevalence among participating athletes and nonathletes, with a slightly higher proportion of nonathletes reporting more risk. Twenty-two percent of participating athletes were at risk for excessive screen time, whereas 36% of nonathletes were at risk for the same...
April 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
keyword
keyword
15941
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"