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Implant supported RPD

Canan Bural, Begum Buzbas, Sebnem Ozatik, Gulsen Bayraktar, Yusuf Emes
This case report describes the fabrication of a distal extension removable partial denture (RPD) of a 65-year-old man with implant support. Loss of fibroelasticity of the peripheral tissues and reduced mandibular vestibular sulcular depth due to a previous surgical resection and radiotherapy at the right side were the main clinical factors that created difficulty for denture retention and stability. The fabrication of a mandibular RPD supported by anterior teeth and two bilaterally placed implants in the molar area to convert from Kennedy Class 1 design to Kennedy Class 3 implant-bounded RPD is reported...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
Ju-Won Eom, Young-Jun Lim, Myung-Joo Kim, Ho-Beom Kwon
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Whether the implant abutment in implant-assisted removable partial dentures (IARPDs) functions as a natural removable partial denture (RPD) tooth abutment is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this 3-dimensional finite element study was to analyze the biomechanical behavior of implant crown, bone, RPD, and IARPD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Finite element models of the partial maxilla, teeth, and prostheses were generated on the basis of a patient's computed tomographic data...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Toshifumi Nogawa, Yoshiyuki Takayama, Keita Ishida, Atsuro Yokoyama
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare masticatory performance, occlusal force, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in patients with mandibular distal-extension edentulism between those with implant-supported fixed prostheses (ISFPs) and those with removable partial dentures (RPDs), and to evaluate relationships among them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were recruited from patients using ISFPs or RPDs for mandibular distal-extension edentulism...
November 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Aaron J Omura, Vaibhav Latthe, Mark M Marin, David R Cagna
At the heart of prosthodontic treatment planning must be a sound understanding of the quality and reliability of the prosthodontic foundation. Implant prosthodontics relies almost entirely on the biological and mechanical properties of an osseous foundation. Initiation of therapy in the absence of a healthy and stable prosthodontic foundation risks unintended and suboptimal treatment outcomes. For conventional removable partial denture (RPD) therapy, consideration must be given to interactions between the soft and hard tissues available to support and stabilize planned prostheses...
November 2016: General Dentistry
Charlotte Jensen, Gerry M Raghoebar, Wouter Kerdijk, Henny J A Meijer, Marco S Cune
OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits of implant support to Removable Partial Dentures (RPD) in patients with a bilateral free-ending situation in the mandible and to determine the most favorable implant position: the premolar (PM) or the molar (M) region. METHODS: Thirty subjects with a bilateral unbounded posterior saddle received 2 PM and 2M implants. A new RPD was placed. Implant support was provided 3 months later. Two PM implants supported the RPD. After 3 months the 2M implants were used or vice versa...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Rami Shurbaji Mozayek, Mirza Allaf, Mohammad B Abuharb
Background. Long span is seen in many clinical situations. Treatmentplanning options of these cases are difficult and may require FPD, RPD or ISP. Each option has its own disadvantages, including mechanical problems, patient comfort and cost. This article will evaluate the stress distribution of a different treatment option, which consists of adding a single sup-porting implant to the FPD by using 3D finite element analysis. Methods. Three models, each consisting of 5 units, were created as follows: 1. Tooth Pontic Pontic Pontic Tooth; 2...
2016: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Charlotte Jensen, Jamila Ross, Talitha L Feenstra, Gerry M Raghoebar, Caroline Speksnijder, Henny J A Meijer, Marco S Cune
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis comparing conventional removable partial dentures (RPDs) and implant-supported RPDs (ISRPDs) treatment in patients with an edentulous maxilla and a bilateral free-ending situation in the mandible. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty subjects were included. A new RPD was made and implant support was provided 3 months later. Treatment costs (opportunity costs and costs based on tariffs) were calculated...
April 14, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Camila Heitor Campos, Thais Marques Simek Vega Gonçalves, Renata Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Garcia
This study aimed to evaluate oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in partially dentate subjects, presenting extreme tooth loss in posterior region with missing post-canines, comparing the use of conventional removable partial dentures (RPDs) and implant-supported RPDs. OHRQoL was measured using the Brazilian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile. Twelve subjects presenting maxillary total and mandibular Kennedy Class I edentulism (mean age 62.6±7.8 years) first received complete maxillary dentures and conventional mandibular free-end RPDs...
October 2015: Brazilian Dental Journal
Tushar Vitthalrao Bhagat, Ashwini Nareshchandra Walke
The ideal goal of good dentist is to restore the missing part of oral structure, phonetics, his look and the most important is restored the normal health of the patient, which is hampered due to less or insufficient intake of food. Removable partial denture (RPD) treatment option is considered as a notion, which precludes the inevitability of "floating plastic" in edentulous mouth, that many times fail to fulfill the above essential of the patients. In modern dentistry, though the dental implants or fixed partial denture is the better options, but they have certain limitations...
September 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
K Fueki, Y Igarashi, Y Maeda, K Baba, K Koyano, K Sasaki, Y Akagawa, T Kuboki, S Kasugai, N R Garrett
The aim of this multicentre prospective study was to investigate the effect of prosthetic restoration for missing posterior teeth in patients with shortened dental arches (SDAs). SDA patients with 2-12 missing occlusal units (a pair of occluding premolars corresponds to one unit, and a pair of occluding molars corresponds to two units) were consecutively recruited from seven university-based dental hospitals in Japan. Patients chose no replacement of missing teeth or prosthetic treatment with removable partial dentures (RPDs) or implant-supported fixed partial dentures (IFPDs)...
September 2015: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Xue Yang, Qi-guo Rong, Ya-dong Yang
OBJECTIVE: To compare influences of different retention attachments on stress among supporting structures. METHODS: By 3-dimensional laser scanner and reverse engineering computer aided design (CAD) software, a basic partially edentulous digital model with mandibular premolar and molar missing was established. Implant attachment and removable partial dentures (RPD) were added into the basic model to build three kinds of models: RPD only, RPD + implant + Locator attachment, and RPD + implant + Magfit attachment...
February 18, 2015: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Won-suk Oh, Tae-Ju Oh, Ju-mi Park
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the impact of implant support on the development of shear force and bending moment in mandibular free-end base removable partial dentures (RPDs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three theoretical test models of unilateral mandibular free-end base RPDs were constructed to represent the base of tooth replacement, as follows: Model 1: first and second molars (M1 and M2); Model 2: second premolar (P2), M1, and M2; and Model 3: first premolar (P1), P2, M1, and M2...
February 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Kunwarjeet Singh, Nidhi Gupta, Narendra Kumar, Vikram Kapoor, C Nisha
The current scenario in dentistry proposes several treatment modalities for the esthetic and functional replacement of a congenitally or traumatically missing anterior tooth in young and adult patients which includes implant supported single crown, conventional FPD, Resin Bonded FPD (RBFPD) or RPD. However when certain clinical conditions or unwillingness of the patient preclude the replacement of missing tooth with any of these prostheses, in such cases, a more conservative treatment modality, fiber reinforce composite resin fixed partial denture with composite resin, porcelain fused to metal, all ceramic or natural tooth pontic can be consider as a definitive treatment alternative in certain clinical conditions...
September 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
Kunwarjeet Singh, Nidhi Gupta, Nandini Unnikrishnan, Vikram Kapoor, Dhruv Arora, Poonam K Khinnavar
An implant-supported crown or conventionally fixed partial denture is the most common treatment modality to replace a missing anterior tooth but a more conservative approach, with a fiber reinforced composite resin FPD, can be used to replace a missing anterior tooth in young patients or when the patient does not agree for an implant, or conventional FPD or RPD therapy. It is an esthetic, conservative single sitting chairside procedure which can be used as a definitive treatment alternative in certain clinical situations for esthetic and functional replacement of a missing anterior tooth...
2014: Case Reports in Dentistry
Sven Rinke, Dirk Ziebolz, Petra Ratka-Krüger, Eberhard Frisch
PURPOSE: There is a lack of data regarding the clinical outcome of removable partial dentures (RPDs) supported by a combination of residual natural teeth and implants placed in strategic positions. The aim of the present case series was to conduct a retrospective investigation of the clinical outcome of mandibular tooth-implant-retained partial dentures (TIRPD) rigidly retained via telescopic double crowns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 1999 and 2010, 18 patients with reduced residual dentition (1 to 3 natural abutment teeth) and in need of an RPD received 1 to 3 implants in strategic positions for support of the removable prostheses...
July 2015: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Laurens Hartog, Henny J A Meijer, Hendrick J Santing, Arjan Vissink, Gerry M Raghoebar
This prospective study assessed patient satisfaction before and after single-tooth implant therapy in the esthetic zone. Before implant therapy, patients wore an acrylic resin tissue-supported removable partial denture (RPD). A total of 153 patients were included. Self-administered questionnaires regarding function, comfort, and esthetics were used to measure patient satisfaction with the RPD and with the implant at 6 and 18 months post-implant placement. Overall satisfaction was explored with a visual analog scale...
May 2014: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Prakash Nidawani, Girish Galagali, E Srinivas Reddy, Sidhartha S P Behera
A successful management of full mouth rehabilitation demands a multi-disciplinary approach for its long lasting success. The present case report is intended to give an insight into the use of multiple treatment modalities to achieve a balanced, efficient and biomechanically successful prosthodontic treatment with acceptable aesthetics. Treatment of a maxillary and mandibular bilateral distal free end edentulous arch along with upper and lower anterior teeth requires plenty of contemporary and conventional prosthodontic treatment modalities...
April 2014: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
Seiya Yamazaki, Hikaru Arakawa, Kenji Maekawa, Emilio Satoshi Hara, Kinji Noda, Hajime Minakuchi, Wataru Sonoyama, Yoshizo Matsuka, Takuo Kuboki
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the various complication-free rates and survival rates of remaining teeth among implant-supported fixed dentures (IFDs), removable partial dentures (RPDs) and no-restoration (NR) patients with unilateral free-end edentulism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study subjects were selected among those who received prosthodontic treatment at Okayama University Dental Hospital for their unilateral free-end edentulism (2 or 3 missing teeth)...
October 2013: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Seiya Yamazaki, Hikaru Arakawa, Kenji Maekawa, Emilio Satoshi Hara, Kinji Noda, Hajime Minakuchi, Wataru Sonoyama, Yoshizo Matsuka, Takuo Kuboki
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the survival rates of remaining teeth between implant-supported fixed dentures (IFDs) and removable partial dentures (RPDs) in patients with large edentulous cases. The second goal was to assess the risk factors for remaining tooth loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study subjects were selected among those who received prosthodontic treatment at Okayama University Dental Hospital for their edentulous space exceeding at least four continuous missing teeth...
July 2013: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Maki Sato, Yasunori Suzuki, Daisuke Kurihara, Hidemasa Shimpo, Chikahiro Ohkubo
PURPOSE: This study explored the relationship between implant support and the denture-supporting area by comparing the stability of an implant-supported distal extension removable partial denture and a conventional distal extension removable partial denture. METHODS: A model simulating a mandibular bilateral distal extension missing (#34-37 and #44-47) was fabricated using silicone impression material as soft tissue (2 mm thick) on an epoxy resin bone model. The denture base was reduced by 5 mm cutting part of both the retromolar pad and the lingual border...
April 2013: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
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