keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Case Reports

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356404/utility-of-perioperative-skin-perfusion-pressure-measurement-for-treatment-of-ulcers-caused-by-arteriovenous-access-ischaemic-steal
#1
Daisuke Atomura, Junko Aihara, Makoto Omori, Hiroto Terashi
Arteriovenous access ischaemic steal is a serious complication following arteriovenous fistula (AVF) construction. The aim of treatment is to improve distal circulation without impairing the function of the fistula. Therefore, any repair should be performed with intraoperative monitoring. We report 2 cases of this disorder treated using perioperative measurement of skin perfusion pressure (SPP) for preoperative surgical planning and intraoperative guidance. A 73-year-old woman with a left cubital AVF developed gangrene of the tip of the left little finger...
January 22, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356335/pediatric-patient-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-secondary-to-eagle-barrett-syndrome-and-metastatic-unresectable-hepatoblastoma-treated-successfully-with-chemotherapy-and-liver-kidney-transplant
#2
Daniel Ortiz, Avis Harden, Fernando F Corrales-Medina, Gaurav Saigal, Akin Tekin, Jennifer Garcia
HBL is the most common malignant liver neoplasm in children. The etiology of HBL is largely unknown but there are certain syndromes, such as Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, that have been clearly associated with an increased incidence of this malignancy. EBS, also known as prune belly syndrome, is a congenital anomaly characterized by lax abdominal musculature, bilateral cryptorchidism requiring, in some cases, hemodialysis due to significant kidney and urinary tract dysfunctions. Despite an improvement on the survival rates of patients with advanced-stage HBL, the presence of concomitant end-stage renal disease that occurs in patients with EBS constitutes a therapeutic challenge for the clinician not only due to the use of nephrotoxic chemotherapy but also due to the potential need for multi-organ transplant...
January 22, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356278/antiplatelet-drug-selection-in-pci-to-vein-grafts-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-adverse-clinical-outcomes-insights-from-the-british-cardiovascular-intervention-society-database
#3
Alex Sirker, Chun Shing Kwok, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Tom Johnson, Philip Freeman, Mark A de Belder, Peter Ludman, Azfar Zaman, Mamas A Mamas
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate outcomes associated with different P2Y12 agents in Saphenous Vein graft (SVG) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: SVG PCI is associated with greater risks of ischemic complications, compared with native coronary PCI. Outcomes associated with the use of potent P2Y12 blocking drugs, Prasugrel and Ticagrelor, in SVG PCI are unknown. METHODS: Patients included in the study underwent SVG PCI in the United Kingdom between 2007 and 2014 for acute coronary syndrome and were grouped by P2Y12 antiplatelet use...
January 22, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356255/development-of-an-online-universal-utstein-registry-based-care-practice-report-card-to-improve-out-of-hospital-resuscitation-practices
#4
Valentine Baert, Joséphine Escutnaire, Ziad Nehme, Pierre Mols, Steven Lagadec, Christian Vilhelm, Line Jacob, Eric Wiel, Frédéric Adnet, Hervé Hubert
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Care quality is a primary concern in health field. In France, the care practice report card (CPRC) is compulsory for practitioners. It is the first step towards the culture of excellence. In this context, practitioners have to assess and improve their practices. Competent authorities define registries as reliable sources for CPRC. The first aim of this work is to describe how we designed and built a universally transposable CPRC model based on an Utstein-style cardiac arrest registry...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356215/appearance-based-interventions-to-reduce-uv-exposure-a-systematic-review
#5
Sofia Persson, Yael Benn, Katie Dhingra, David Clark-Carter, Alison L Owen, Sarah Grogan
PURPOSE: As a majority of skin cancer cases are behaviourally preventable, it is crucial to develop effective strategies to reduce UV exposure. Health-focused interventions have not proved to be sufficiently effective, and it has been suggested that people might be more susceptible to information about the negative effects of the sun on their appearance. METHOD: This systematic review of 30 separate papers, reporting 33 individual studies published between 2005 and 2017, assesses the overall effectiveness of appearance interventions on participants' UV exposure and sun protection behaviour...
January 22, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356206/survey-of-diagnostic-and-treatment-practices-for-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-part-2-progressive-ms-paediatric-ms-pregnancy-and-general-management
#6
Oscar Fernández, Mario Delvecchio, Gilles Edan, Sten Fredrikson, Gavin Giovannoni, Hans-Peter Hartung, Eva Havrdova, Ludwig Kappos, Carlo Pozzilli, Per Soelberg Soerensen, Björn Tackenberg, Patrick Vermersch, Giancarlo Comi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The European Charcot Foundation supported development of a set of surveys to understand current practice patterns for diagnosis and management of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Europe. Part 2 of the report summarises survey results related to secondary progressive MS (SPMS), primary progressive MS (PPMS), pregnancy, paediatric MS and overall patient management. METHODS: A steering committee of MS neurologists developed case- and practice-based questions for two sequential surveys distributed to MS neurologists throughout Europe...
January 21, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356195/acute-coronary-syndrome-of-very-unusual-etiology
#7
Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, Andrés R Pérez-Riera, Kimmo Koivula, Jairo de Carvalho Santos, Luiz C de Abreu, Kjell Nikus
Aortitis is one of many possible manifestations of tertiary syphilis. Aortic disease is the most common of all cardiovascular syphilitic lesions. Aortic diseases caused by tertiary syphilis include aortitis, aortic root dilation, aneurysm formation, aortic regurgitation and coronary ostial stenosis. A less common manifestation of syphilitic aortitis is coronary artery ostial narrowing related to aortic wall thickening. We report a case of a 40-year-old male patient admitted with a clinical picture of acute coronary syndrome (unstable angina)...
January 21, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356140/clinicopathological-features-and-course-of-cutaneous-protothecosis
#8
Han-Chi Tseng, Chun-Bing Chen, Ji-Chen Ho, Yu-Wen Cheng, Hsin-Wei Huang, Pei-Lun Sun, Chih-Hung Lee
BACKGROUND: Protothecosis is an uncommon infection caused by the achlorophyllic algae found more commonly in tropical areas. Only a limited number of cases have been reported. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological features and treatment outcomes of cutaneous protothecosis. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 20 pathology-confirmed cases of cutaneous protothecosis based on skin biopsies in two tertiary medical centers in Taiwan from 1997 to 2015...
January 22, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356121/flow-cytometric-method-for-scoring-rat-liver-micronuclei-with-simultaneous-assessments-of-hepatocyte-proliferation
#9
Svetlana L Avlasevich, Sumee Khanal, Priyanka Singh, Dorothea K Torous, Jeffrey C Bemis, Stephen D Dertinger
The current report describes a newly devised method for automatically scoring the incidence of rat hepatocyte micronuclei (MNHEP) via flow cytometry, with concurrent assessments of hepatocyte proliferation-frequency of Ki-67-positive nuclei, and the proportion of polyploid nuclei. Proof-of-concept data are provided from experiments performed with 6-week old male Crl:CD(SD) rats exposed to diethylnitrosamine (DEN) or quinoline (QUIN) for 3 or 14 consecutive days. Non-perfused liver tissue was collected 4 days after cessation of treatment in the case of 3-day studies, or 1 day after last administration in the case of 14-day studies for processing and flow cytometric analysis...
January 22, 2018: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356057/genetic-risk-of-prostate-cancer-in-ugandan-men
#10
Zhaohui Du, Alexander Lubmawa, Susan Gundell, Peggy Wan, Cissy Nalukenge, Proscovia Muwanga, Moses Lutalo, Deborah Nansereko, Olivia Ndaruhutse, Molly Katuku, Rosemary Nassanga, Frank Asiimwe, Benon Masaba, Sam Kaggwa, Dan Namuguzi, Vicky Kiddu, George Mutema, David V Conti, Asiimwe Luke, Kuteesa Job, Dabanja M Henry, Christopher A Haiman, Stephen Watya
BACKGROUND: Men of African-ancestry have elevated prostate cancer (PCa) incidence and mortality compared to men of other racial groups. There is support for a genetic contribution to this disparity, with evidence of genetic heterogeneity in the underlying risk alleles between populations. Studies of PCa among African men may inform the contribution of genetic risk factors to the elevated disease burden in this population. METHODS: We conducted an association study of >100 previously reported PCa risk alleles among 571 incidence cases and 485 controls among Uganda men...
January 21, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356035/an-interesting-case-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-a-patient-with-moebius-syndrome
#11
Jefferson da Rocha Tenorio, Marília Andrade Figueiredo, Aline Espindula, Marina Gallottini, Karem López Ortega
Moebius' syndrome (MS) is characterized by a nonprogressive facial palsy associated with impairment in eye abduction, which can be uni- or bilateral. Some authors raise the possibility that patients with MS may suffer from social stigmatism due to their facial dysmorphism and that constant teasing and bullying perpetrated by people in the same social circle are adjuvants in the development of low self-esteem, behavioral problems, and even psychiatric disorders. Psychological stress, anxiety, and depression are factors contributing to both development and impairment of autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
January 22, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356004/training-switching-focus-with-a-mobile-application-by-a-patient-suffering-from-avh-a-case-report
#12
Lucia Visser, Igne Sinkeviciute, Iris E Sommer, Josef J Bless
Auditory verbal hallucinations complicate many psychiatric disorders. Antipsychotic medication is effective in the majority, but a significant minority experiences high burden from resistant hallucinations. Here, we aim to improve executive control, in an attempt to decrease burden from hallucinations. We describe the use of a cognitive trainings app by a young woman with highly resistant hallucinations. With modest training, a significant decrease in the duration of hallucinations was reached. Possibilities of this training technique are discussed...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356000/generalized-reactions-during-skin-testing-with-clindamycin-in-drug-hypersensitivity-a-report-of-3-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Eleni Papakonstantinou, Sabine Müller, Jan H Röhrbein, Dorothea Wieczorek, Alexander Kapp, Thilo Jakob, Bettina Wedi
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic approach to drug hypersensitivity includes a detailed medical history, clinical examination, and skin testing and/or oral challenge with a culprit or alternative drug, depending on the type of reaction and the suspected drugs. Although skin testing is considered to be rather safe, cutaneous and systemic, including fatal, reactions have been described. OBJECTIVES: To report 3 cases with generalized delayed reactions after skin testing with clindamycin, and to review the existing literature...
January 22, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355998/prevalence-and-disease-associations-in-feline-thrombocytopenia-a-retrospective-study-of-194-cases
#14
J Ellis, R Bell, D C Barnes, R Miller
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of thrombocytopenia in a referral population of cats in the UK, to identify disease processes associated with thrombocytopenia and to assess the proportion of thrombocytopenic cats that tested positive for feline leukaemia virus or feline immunodeficiency virus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical records at a UK referral hospital. Cats were grouped by mechanism of thrombocytopenia and disease process (where known)...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355960/occupational-radiation-exposure-and-thyroid-cancer-incidence-in-a-cohort-of-u-s-radiologic-technologists-1983-2013
#15
Cari M Kitahara, Dale L Preston, Gila Neta, Mark P Little, Michele M Doody, Steven L Simon, Alice J Sigurdson, Bruce H Alexander, Martha S Linet
Although childhood exposure to ionizing radiation is a well-established risk factor for thyroid cancer, the risk associated with adulthood exposure remains unclear. We prospectively examined the association between cumulative, low-to-moderate dose occupational radiation exposure to the thyroid and thyroid cancer incidence in the U.S. Radiologic Technologists cohort. The study included 89,897 members who completed at least two of four mailed questionnaires and were cancer-free at the time of the first questionnaire...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355938/a-case-of-paraneoplastic-elastosis-perforans-serpiginosa-associated-with-ovarian-malignancy
#16
Catherine Quinlan, Jennifer Boggs, Megan Finan, Niall Mulligan, Christian Gulmann, Marina O'Kane, Nicola Ralph
Elastosis perforans serpiginosa (EPS) is a rare skin disorder in which there is transepithelial elimination of elastin fibers. It belongs to a group of perforating disorders of which there are four classic types. The EPS type is extremely rare. There have been no previous reports of elastosis perforans serpiginosa occurring as a paraneoplastic phenomenon. We report a case of paraneoplastic elastosis perforans serpiginosa in the setting of stage 4 ovarian cancer.
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355783/a-standard-driven-approach-for-electronic-submission-to-pharmaceutical-regulatory-authorities
#17
Ching-Heáng Lin, Hsin-I Chou, Ueng-Cheng Yang
OBJECTIVE: Using standards is not only useful for data interchange during the process of a clinical trial, but also useful for analyzing data in a review process. Any step, which speeds up approval of new drugs, may benefit patients. As a result, adopting standards for regulatory submission becomes mandatory in some countries. However, preparing standard-compliant documents, such as annotated case report form (aCRF), needs a great deal of knowledge and experience. The process is complex and labor-intensive...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355747/proximal-linear-extension-of-skin-hypopigmentation-after-ultrasound-guided-corticosteroid-injection-for-de-quervain-tenosynovitis-a-case-report
#18
Carlo Milani, Cindy Lin
De Quervain tenosynovitis is a stenosing tenosynovitis of the first dorsal compartment of the wrist that can lead to painful functional impairment of the upper limb. This case report describes a rare adverse effect of corticosteroid injection which is local skin atrophy and hypopigmentation with proximal linear extension. In this case, hypopigmentation developed from the wrist to beyond the elbow after corticosteroid injection with ultrasound guidance and targeted placement of the injectate in the extensor tendon sheath of the first dorsal compartment...
January 17, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355744/iatrogenic-peritonitis-following-an-incident-during-ablation-of-a-pedicle-screw
#19
P Cottin, N Mebtouche, G Pourcher, N Devaquet, T Bégué, P Trouiller, B Sztrymf
Immediate complications can arise due to faulty implantation of material during fusion procedures, but none have been reported in connection with ablation of material in the spine. We report a case of intraperitoneal migration of a pedicle screw during attempted removal. It crossed the psoas muscle and perforated a small-intestine loop, triggering hemorrhagic shock and peritonitis by perforation. We analyze the causes and mechanisms underlying this exceptional case of migration, with a view to sharing preventive measures...
January 16, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355742/intra-articular-synovial-sarcoma-of-the-knee-rising-from-a-lateral-meniscus-a-case-report
#20
M Bergovec, M Smerdelj, F Bacan, S Seiwerth, D Herceg, M Prutki
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a rare mesenchymal tumor, accounting less than 10% of soft tissue sarcomas. We report a case of intraarticular SS mimicking nodular synovitis and lateral meniscus rupture. Due to clinical and radiological presentation, arthroscopic synovectomy was performed, and histology confirmed nodular synovitis. After four years the lesion recurred and new arthroscopic biopsy was performed, revealing a monophasic SS with SYT/SSX1 translocation. Repeated histology of the first specimen confirmed appearance of a nodular synovitis microscopically, with no morphological criteria for a sarcoma, but molecular analysis showed positive SYT/SSX1 translocation...
January 16, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
keyword
keyword
15932
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"