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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050341/geraniol-alleviates-lps-induced-acute-lung-injury-in-mice-via-inhibiting-inflammation-and-apoptosis
#1
Kangfeng Jiang, Tao Zhang, Nannan Yin, Xiaofei Ma, Gan Zhao, Haichong Wu, Changwei Qiu, Ganzhen Deng
Geraniol (GOH), a special type of acyclic monoterpene alcohol, has been widely used to treat many diseases associated with inflammation and apoptosis. Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common clinical disease in humans characterized by pulmonary inflammation and apoptosis. In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of GOH in a mouse model of ALI induced by the intranasal administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and elucidated the underlying molecular mechanisms in RAW 264.7 cells. In vivo, GOH treatment markedly ameliorated pathological injury and pulmonary cell apoptosis and reduced the wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio of lungs, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050340/nogo-b-promotes-emt-in-lung-fibrosis-via-mmp14-mediates-free-tgf-beta1-formation
#2
Ye Xiong, Jing Zhang, Lingzhi Shi, Yunye Ning, Ying Zhu, Si Chen, Meng Yang, Jingyu Chen, Guo-Wu Zhou, Qiang Li
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a lung disease with an extremely poor prognosis. Epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) appearing on the airway epithelial cell plays an essential role in the formation and development of Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. In this paper, Bleomycin (BLM)-induced mice model combined with bioinformatics analysis were employed to elucidate the potential mechanism of EMT in pulmonary fibrosis. The obtained results showed that endoplasmic reticulum protein Nogo-b may promote MMP14-mediated proprotein maturation of TGF-β1, accelerating the release of free TGF-β1 in type II airway epithelial cells A549, subsquently, induce the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of the cell...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050289/acrolein-induces-mtdna-damages-mitochondrial-fission-and-mitophagy-in-human-lung-cells
#3
Hsiang-Tsui Wang, Jing-Heng Lin, Chun-Hsiang Yang, Chun-Hao Haung, Ching-Wen Weng, Anya Maan-Yuh Lin, Yu-Li Lo, Wei-Shen Chen, Moon-Shong Tang
Acrolein (Acr), a highly reactive unsaturated aldehyde, can cause various lung diseases including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and lung cancer. We have found that Acr can damage not only genomic DNA but also DNA repair proteins causing repair dysfunction and enhancing cells' mutational susceptibility. While these effects may account for Acr lung carcinogenicity, the mechanisms by which Acr induces lung diseases other than cancer are unclear. In this study, we found that Acr induces damages in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), inhibits mitochondrial bioenergetics, and alters mtDNA copy number in human lung epithelial cells and fibroblasts...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050167/-serum-procalcitonin-in-patients-with-pulmonary-infection-and-central-nervous-system-injury
#4
J C Li, L Y Wang, Y F Wang, M H Mei, L Shi, M L Yao, X D Guan, B Ouyang
Objective: To evaluate the influence of serum procalcitonin in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary infection in patients with central nervous system injury. Methods: From October 2014 to February 2017, a retrospective study was performed. A total of 1 852 patients were screened in Department of Intensive Care Unite, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University.Among them, 173 patients were identified with different kinds of infection. Finally, a total of 42 patients with pulmonary infection were enrolled...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050144/-embolic-burden-assessment-in-pulmonary-thromboembolism-diagnosis-and-treatment
#5
Z Tan, X M Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050143/-characteristic-biomarkers-in-acute-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#6
R Miao, M Zhang, X C Tao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050142/-the-genetics-of-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#7
Z Y Zhang, M Zhang, J Wan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050140/-antithrombotic-therapy-of-pulmonary-embolism-a-painstaking-investigation-in-front-of-the-complex-underlying-diseases-and-clinical-settings
#8
Q Yi, Y Yan, H X Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050139/-to-promote-a-comprehensive-development-of-precise-medical-research-in-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#9
Z G Zhai, D Y Wang, C Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050136/-classification-and-surgery-of-chronic-pulmonary-aspergillosis
#10
C H Yun, W Zhou, Y W Rui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050131/-desquamative-interstitial-pneumonia-report-of-one-case-and-review-of-literature
#11
Y Ju, H X Ke, X F Zhong, F Fang, Y M Li
Objective: To analyze the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of desquamative interstitial pneumonia(DIP). Methods: The clinical manifestation, radiology, and pathology were analyzed in one patient with DIP in Beijing Hospital following review of the literatures. Results: The patient was a 55-year-old male presented with cough, shortness of breath and hypoxemia.Previous history of smoking and exposure to a variety of metals. A CT scan of the chest revealed diffuse ground-glass densities. A diagnosis of desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) was confirmed by a thoracoscopic open lung biopsy...
October 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050128/-lung-transplantation-for-connective-tissue-disease-associated-interstitial-lung-disease-recipient
#12
J Zhang, B Wu, M Zhou, D Liu, L Fan, D Wei, H Yang, J Y Chen
Objective: To investigate the timing and complications of lung transplantation for the treatment of connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD). Method: The clinical data of connective tissue-associated disease lung transplantation recipients from September, 2015 to February, 2017 were collected. Results: 11 patients with CTD-ILD were evaluated by lung transplantation and were treated with lung transplantation. Including 2 cases dermatomyositis/polymyositis and interstitial lung disease (PM/DM-ILD), 4 cases rheumatoid arthritis and interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD), 4 cases of primary Sjgren's syndrome and interstitial lung disease (pSS-ILD), 1 case of systemic sclerosis and interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD)...
October 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050127/-immune-related-pneumonitis-caused-by-programmed-death-1-inhibitor-pembrolizumab-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Y L Chen, J Zhao, R Jia, H Y Wang, J Zheng, C Q Bai, M Z Wang, J M Xu
Objective: To investigate the risk factors, clinical manifestations, radiological features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of immune-related pneumonitis caused by programmed death-1(PD-1)/PD-L1 inhibitors. Methods: The clinical data of immune-related pneumonitis caused by PD-1 inhibitor Pembrolizumab in a patient with advanced esophageal carcinoma admitted to the 307(th) Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army was retrospectively analyzed and the related literatures were reviewed. We searched Medline database using the keywords"PD-1 inhibitor","PD-L1 inhibitor","Pembrolizumab","Nivolumab","Atezolizumab"combined with"Pneumonitis"by Mar 31, 2017...
October 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050126/-clinical-analysis-of-rituximab-induced-interstitial-lung-disease
#14
C Huang, Z W Lu, Y Q Yang, H Chen, D P Huang, H S He
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis-treatment points and prognosis of rituximab-induced interstitial lung disease (R-ILD), and to improve the recognition of this disease. Methods: The clinical data on 4 cases of R-ILD were analyzed retrospectively, and the related literatures were reviewed. The literature review was carried out respectively in Wanfang Data, CNKI and PubMed by October 2016 with"rituximab"and"interstitial lung disease"or"interstitial pneumonitis"as the search terms...
October 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050118/-gene-mutation-and-clinical-phenotype-analysis-of-patients-with-noonan-syndrome-and-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#15
X H Liu, W W Ding, L Han, X R Liu, Y Y Xiao, J Yang, Y Mo
Objective: To analyze the gene mutations and clinical features of patients with Noonan syndrome and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Method: Determined the mutation domain in five cases diagnosed with Noonan syndrome and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and identified the relationship between the mutant domain and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy by searching relevant articles in pubmed database. Result: Three mutant genes (PTPN11 gene in chromosome 12, RIT1 gene in chromosome 1 and RAF1 gene in chromosome 3) in five cases all had been reported to be related to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy...
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050117/-pediatric-idiopathic-hypereosinophilic-syndrome-with-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
N Dong, X Y Dong
Objective: To explore clinical features of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome combined with pulmonary embolism. Method: A retrospective analysis of a patient with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome and pulmonary embolism diagnosed and treated in the Respiratory Department of Shanghai Children's Hospital in September 2016 was performed. A literature search was performed with"Eosinophils increased, thrombosis"as the Chinese keywords in Wanfang database and"idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, deep vein thrombosis"as the English key words in PubMed database...
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049933/systemic-autoimmune-diseases-are-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-bipolar-disorder-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Ling-Yi Wang, Jen-Huai Chiang, Shih-Fen Chen, Yu-Chih Shen
BACKGROUND: Studies suggested autoimmunity plays a role in the etiology of bipolar disorder (BD). This study aimed to investigate the association between systemic autoimmune diseases (SADs) and the subsequent development of BD, and examine the potential risk factors for developing BD. METHODS: Patients with SADs were identified in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program (NHIP). A comparison cohort was created by matching patients without SADs with age. The SADs cohort consisted of 65,498 while the comparison cohort consisted of 261,992 patients...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049857/local-therapy-to-distant-metastatic-sites-in-stage-iv-rhabdomyosarcoma
#18
Arvind C Mohan, Rajkumar Venkatramani, M Fatih Okcu, Jed G Nuchtern, Sanjeev A Vasudevan, Anita Mahajan, Nino C Rainusso, Wendy Allen-Rhoades, Murali Chintagumpala, Arnold C Paulino
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of surgery and/or radiation therapy on distant metastatic sites (DMS) in children with stage IV rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all patients with stage IV RMS at Texas Children's Hospital from 1992 to 2012. Data analyzed included age, gender, primary site, histologic subtype, number and sites of metastases, treatment including local therapy to DMS, and Oberlin score. RESULTS: The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 20% and 25%...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049856/is-left-upper-lobectomy-always-worthwhile-for-early-stage-lung-cancer-a-comparison-between-left-upper-lobectomy-trisegmentectomy-and-lingulectomy
#19
Vittorio Aprile, Pietro Bertoglio, Paolo Dini, Gerardo Palmiero, Alfredo Mussi, Marcello Carlo Ambrogi, Marco Lucchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lobectomy is the gold standard treatment for resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). We compared oncological outcomes of patients undergoing a "multi-segmentectomy" (trisegmentectomy or lingulectomy) and left upper lobectomy for early stage (T1-2, N0) NSCLC of the left upper lobe. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all patients with pathological early stage (T1-T2 N0) NSCLC located in left upper lobe who underwent a lobectomy, a trisegmentectomy, or a lingulectomy between 2006 and 2013, focusing on surgical and oncological outcomes...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049837/clinical-application-of-projection-mapping-technology-for-surgical-resection-of-lung-metastasis
#20
Toyofumi F Chen-Yoshikawa, Etsuro Hatano, Atsushi Yoshizawa, Hiroshi Date
Indocyanine green fluorescent image-guided surgery was developed to identify primary and metastatic nodules of various malignancies. However, currently, surgeons need to identify the fluorescent image on a monitor, which impedes surgical procedures. Herein, we developed a novel projection mapping device that can cast the real-time fluorescent image onto the surface of the targeted organ. We performed surgical resection of a lung metastasis of hepatoblastoma using this technique. The projection mapping technique clearly detected the pulmonary lesion, and no other lesions were identified in the ipsilateral thorax...
July 28, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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