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Nooshin Heshmati-Fakhr, Fattah Sotoodehnejadnematalahi, Niloufar Yousefi, Mohammad Sayyah, Sayed Masoud Hosseini, Hamid Gholami Pourbadie
Synaptic function and memory performance are disrupted by soluble form of β-amyloid (Aβ). In the previous study, we found that early activation of microglia by toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) attenuated Alzheimer's disease-associated cognitive deficit. This study was designed to investigate whether pretreatment with the TLR2 receptor ligand can regulate microglia to produce interferon β (INFβ) in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease. For this purpose, the BV-2 cell line was cultured in a 24-well plate, treated with Pam3Cys (1 μg/ml), and then incubated with oligomeric Aβ for 24 h...
September 14, 2018: Neuroreport
Giuseppe Iaria, Michael Petrides
The morphological variation of the sulci of the occipital region of the human brain was examined in both the left and the right hemispheres in 40 normal adult human brains on magnetic resonance images. We identified the occipital sulci and marked their corresponding gray matter voxels on the magnetic resonance images, which had been transformed into the Montreal Neurological Institute standard proportional stereotaxic space in order to construct probability maps. In the medial occipital region, the calcarine sulcus was the longest and most constant sulcus...
March 10, 2007: Journal of Comparative Neurology
N Ia Vasin, V I Ratsa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1971: Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii
M Luczyńska
The supraorbital branch of the trigeminal nerve of rats in chloralose anaesthesia was stimulated with electrical pulses. The stimulation of the afferent fibres of the trigeminal nerve evoked the retractive jerks of the outstretched tongue. These evoked tongue jerks (ETJ) were recorded on the tape of the line recorder through an isotonic transducer. The caniulae were inserted into the lateral cerebral ventricles by means of streotaxic apparatus and perfusion was performed with inflow of GABA or beta-phenyl-GABA-containing fluid into the right lateral ventricle and outflow through the left lateral ventricle...
May 1978: Acta Physiologica Polonica
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