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Vitiligo And Cell And Therapy

Jorge Ocampo-Candiani, Mauricio Salinas-Santander, Victor Trevino, Rocio Ortiz-López, Jorge Ocampo-Garza, Celia Nohemi Sanchez-Dominguez
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is characterized by a lack of pigmentation in the skin. To date, there are no studies that analyze the changes in gene expression in the skin of vitiligo patients in response to narrow-band ultraviolet B (nb-UVB) phototherapy treatment. OBJECTIVE: Explore the usefulness of new generation RNA sequencing in the identification of gene expression changes in the skin of vitiligo patients treated with nb-UVB phototherapy. METHODS: Four skin biopsies (4mm in diameter) were collected from 45 Mexican vitiligo vulgaris patients, 2 specimens before and 2 after treatment with nb-UVB phototherapy, obtained from pigmented and non-pigmented tissue...
November 2018: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Takeshi Yamauchi, Kenshi Yamasaki, Kenichiro Tsuchiyama, Setsuya Aiba
The skin composes physiological and chemical barrier and renews skin component cells throughout the human life. Melanocytes locate in the basal layer of the epidermis and produce melanin to protect the skin from ultraviolet. Melanin plays key roles in determining human skin and hair color. Melanocyte dysfunction observed in albinism and vitiligo not only causes cosmetic problems but also increases risk of skin cancer. As rejuvenate therapy, embryonic stem (ES) cells and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have been reported to generate melanocytes...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Jillian M Richmond, James P Strassner, Mehdi Rashighi, Priti Agarwal, Madhuri Garg, Kingsley I Essien, Lila S Pell, John E Harris
Tissue resident memory T cells (Trm) form in the skin in vitiligo and persist to maintain disease, as white spots often recur rapidly after discontinuing therapy. We and others have recently described melanocyte-specific autoreactive Trm in vitiligo lesions. Here, we characterize the functional relationship between Trm and recirculating memory T cells (Tcm) in our vitiligo mouse model. We found that both Trm and Tcm sensed autoantigen in the skin long after stabilization of disease, producing IFNγ, CXCL9, and CXCL10...
November 10, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Soon-Joung Kwon, Yu-Mi Kim, Hyun-Jun Jang, Young-Kwon Seo
Melanocytes in hair are located around dermal papilla cells at the tip of the hair follicle. In this study, we examined the melanogenesis of a three-dimensional (3D) hair dermal papilla model treated with natural extracts and electromagnetic fields (EMFs). The 3D model involved dermal papilla-like tissue (DPLT), an aggregation of a mixture of dermal papilla cells, and melanocytes in microwells. Rice bran extract (RBE), an EMF, and RBE/EMF were applied to different DPLT groups. The LDH assay indicated no cell stress in all experimental groups, and detection of tyrosinase activity demonstrated high activity in the RBE/EMF group...
December 2018: Bioelectromagnetics
Rachela Bleuel, Bernadette Eberlein
Affecting 0.5 % of the world's population, vitiligo is an acquired skin disorder that poses major challenges in terms of dermatological care. Characterized by patchy depigmentation, the disease is frequently associated with cosmetic disfigurement and considerable psychological distress. The primary pathophysiological causes for the loss of functional melanocytes are thought to include genetic predisposition, autoimmune mechanisms, and oxidative stress. The present article highlights treatment recommendations contained in the European guidelines as well as those provided by recent reviews on vitiligo...
November 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Muhammed Razmi T, T P Afra, Davinder Parsad
Depigmented patches in vitiligo, a common dermatosis, cause a great psychological distress to the patients. Hence, apart from halting the disease process, the strategies to impart normal skin color to these white patches carry an important role in the management of vitiligo. Surgical procedures are often required for stable vitiligo lesions not responding to medical therapies. It involves 'shuffling' of melanocytes from the pigmented skin to the depigmented areas. During the last fifty years, the vitiligo surgery has evolved from tissue transplantation via cellular transplantation to reach a stage where the use of stem cells or immunomodulatory cells is contemplating...
October 17, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
Zhi-Mei Zhao, Shi-Chao Liu, Xia-Juan Xu, Zhong-Fa Zhang, Ke-Ke Nie, You-Xin Ji
Skin reaction or dermatological toxicities induced by immunotherapy is common. It usually manifests skin rash or erythema and can be cured by skin lotion or steroid. Nivolumab, a human IgG4 programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor, blocks T cells activation preventing signal and allows the immune system to clear cancer cells. Nivolumab was approved in the second-line therapy in squamous cell lung cancer by FDA, with less than 10% unusual skin reaction, like sensory neuropathy, peeling skin, erythema multiforme, vitiligo, and psoriasis...
September 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
Pablo A Vieyra-Garcia, Peter Wolf
Phototherapy is an efficient treatment for many cutaneous diseases that involve the activation of inflammatory pathways or the overgrowth of cells with aberrant phenotype. In this review, we discuss recent advances in photoimmunology, focusing on the effects of UV-based therapies currently used in dermatology. We describe the molecular responses to the main forms of photo(chemo)therapy such as UVB, UVA-1, and PUVA that include the triggering of apoptotic or immunosuppressive pathways and help to clear diseased skin...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Kamila Zduńska, Anna Kołodziejczak, Helena Rotsztejn
Skin microneedling accelerates the process of skin regeneration through the creation of numerous microinjuries which emerge when skin is deeply punctured with very thin needles. The whole procedure evokes various reactions which can be divided into three major phases: inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling. It activates platelet growth factors which are responsible for the stimulation of fibroblasts to produce collagen and elastin. Moreover, skin breakdown enhances penetration of active ingredients. Treatment can be performed with the use of different devices, all equipped with needles of various lengths...
September 24, 2018: Dermatologic Therapy
Sayeda Yasmin-Karim, Patrick T Bruck, Michele Moreau, Sijumon Kunjachan, Gui Zhen Chen, Rajiv Kumar, Stephanie Grabow, Stephanie K Dougan, Wilfred Ngwa
Radiation therapy induces immunogenic cell death, which can theoretically stimulate T cell priming and induction of tumor-specific memory T cell responses, serving as an in situ vaccine. In practice, this abscopal effect is rarely observed. We use two mouse models of pancreatic cancer to show that a single dose of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) synergizes with intratumoral injection of agonistic anti-CD40, resulting in regression of non-treated contralateral tumors and formation of long-term immunologic memory...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Jian Li, Shujun Chen, Taro Uyama, Wenyu Wu, Jinhua Xu
BACKGROUND: Autologous cultured therapy has emerged as an effective treatment for stable vitiligo. However, culture methods may include harmful agents and be unsuitable for therapeutic use in humans. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of autologous cultured epithelial sheets propagated under serum-free and feeder-free conditions for the treatment of stable vitiligo. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with stable vitiligo were included in this study...
August 9, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Barbara Bellei, Emilia Migliano, Marinella Tedesco, Silvia Caputo, Federica Papaccio, Gianluca Lopez, Mauro Picardo
BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue-derived stem cells are considered to be a promising source in the field of cell therapy and regenerative medicine. In addition to direct cell replacement using adipose tissue or purified stem cells, intercellular molecule exchange by the adipose tissue complex, a vast array of bioactive secretory factors, demonstrated beneficial effects by reducing tissue damage and stimulation of endogenous repair. However, for therapeutic purposes, the use of secretome derivatives, such as full conditioned media or purified exosomes generated in vitro, may present considerable disadvantages for cell manufacturing, storage, product safety, and their potential as a ready-to-go therapeutic product...
August 9, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Kerasia-Maria Plachouri, Eleftheria Vryzaki, Sophia Georgiou
BACKGROUND: The introduction of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in the recent years has resulted in high response rates and extended survival in patients with metastatic/advanced malignancies. Their mechanism of action is the indirect activation of cytotoxic T-cells through the blockade of inhibitory receptors of immunmodulatory pathways, such as cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4), programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) and its ligand (PD-L1). Despite their impressive therapeutic results, they can also induce immune-related toxicity, affecting various organs, including the skin...
July 29, 2018: Current Drug Safety
Sally H Ibbotson
Narrowband UVB (NB-UVB) phototherapy and psoralen-UVA (PUVA) photochemotherapy are widely used phototherapeutic modalities for a range of skin diseases. The main indication for NB-UVB and PUVA therapies is psoriasis, and other key diagnoses include atopic eczema, vitiligo, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), and the photodermatoses. The decision on choice of phototherapy is important and NB-UVB is usually the primary choice. NB-UVB phototherapy is a safe and effective therapy which is usually considered when topical agents have failed...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Paola M Tricarico, Luisa Zupin, Giulia Ottaviani, Sabrina Pacor, Francette Jean-Louis, Michele Boniotto, Sergio Crovella
Mutations in NCSTN gene (encoding for nicastrin protein) are associated with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), a chronic inflammatory disease involving hair follicles. HS is clinically handled with drugs but the most severe cases are treated with surgery. Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy, already used in the treatment of skin diseases such as acne, herpes virus lesions, ultraviolet damage, vitiligo, hypertrophic scar, keloid, burn, psoriasis and diabetic chronic wounds, could be beneficial as an adjuvant supportive treatment to promote and foster the healing process after skin excision in HS...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
A Boada, C Carrera, S Segura, H Collgros, P Pasquali, D Bodet, S Puig, J Malvehy
New drugs against advanced melanoma have emerged during last decade. Target therapy and immunotherapy have changed the management of patients with metastatic disease. Along with its generalized use, drug toxicities have appeared and the skin is the target organ of a significant part of them. This revision summarizes the most common side effects and consensus management to improve the compliance of therapies and patients' quality of life. Among the BRAF inhibitors, main cutaneous side effects are photosensitivity, plantar hyperkeratosis, and the appearance of verrucal keratosis or squamous cell carcinoma...
November 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
Hideyuki Ujiie
CD4+ Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) are suppressors of immune activation and play a crucial role in the maintenance of peripheral tolerance. Mutations of Foxp3 result in fatal autoimmunity in multiple organs, including the skin, in both humans and mice. Many studies have demonstrated the altered frequency and functions of Tregs, changes in cytokine and chemokine levels related to Tregs and the differences in genetic background regarding Tregs in autoimmune skin disorders. Recent studies have extended our knowledge of certain properties of Tregs, especially skin-resident Tregs...
March 25, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
Li Yin, Guangxian Pang, Chao Niu, Maidina Habasi, Jun Dou, Haji Akber Aisa
As an active compound, psoralen is present in various Chinese herbal medicines and has exhibited significant activity in skin disease treatment. Its derivative 8-methoxypsoralan (8-MOP) is the most commonly used drug to induce repigmentation of vitiligo. In our previous screening assays, 4-methyl-6-phenyl-2H-furo[3,2-g]chromen-2-one (MPFC), a psoralen derivative, was identified as more effective tyrosinase and melanin activator than the positive control 8-MOP in consideration of low doses, as well as low toxicity...
June 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Urska Kamensek, Maja Cemazar, Ursa Lampreht Tratar, Katja Ursic, Gregor Sersa
Gene electrotransfer (GET) is one of the most efficient non-viral gene therapy approaches for the localized transfer of multiple genes into tumors in vivo; therefore, it is especially promising for delivering different cytokines that are toxic if administered systemically. In this study, we used concomitant intratumoral GET of two cytokines: tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), a potent cytotoxic cytokine to induce in situ vaccination, and interleukin 12 (IL-12), an immunostimulatory cytokine to boost the primed local immune response into a systemic one...
May 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Xiao Miao, Rong Xu, Bin Fan, Jie Chen, Xin Li, Weiwei Mao, Shengyuan Hua, Bin Li
Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) is a ligand of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) that functions as an immune checkpoint by down-regulating immune responses. To determine whether PD-L1 is a therapy target in vitiligo treatment, Pmel-1 vitiligo mice were treated with a PD-L1 fusion protein. Treatment with this fusion protein significantly reversed/suppressed depigmentation development in adult Pmel-1 mice. Mechanistically, enrichment of regulatory T cells (Treg) in the skin was detected after PD-L1 fusion protein treatment in Pmel-1 mice...
January 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
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