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Wrinkle And Cell And Therapy

C G Andrade, R C B Q Figueiredo, K R C Ribeiro, L I O Souza, J F Sarmento-Neto, J S Rebouças, B S Santos, M S Ribeiro, L B Carvalho, A Fontes
Leishmaniasis is a neglected disease present in more than 88 countries. The currently adopted chemotherapy faces challenges related to side effects and the development of resistance. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is emerging as a therapeutic modality for cutaneous leishmaniasis. Zn(ii) meso-tetrakis(N-ethylpyridinium-2-yl)porphyrin (ZnTE-2-PyP4+, ZnP) is a cationic, water-soluble, zinc porphyrin-based photosensitizer whose photodynamic effect on Leishmania braziliensis was analyzed by evaluating the number of visibly undamaged and motile cells, cell membrane integrity, mitochondrial membrane potential, and ultrastructural damage...
April 18, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Su Ji Sohn, Ji Min Yu, Eun Young Lee, You Jin Nam, Jinwan Kim, Sukho Kang, Dong Hyun Kim, Aeri Kim, Sangjin Kang
INTRODUCTION: Reduced number and activities of epidermal stem cells are related to the features of photoaged skin. It was reported that conditioned media from various stem cell cultures are capable of improving the signs of cutaneous aging. This work was performed to establish epidermal progenitor cells derived from mesenchymal stem cells, and to evaluate the anti-aging efficacy of its conditioned media. METHODS: Epidermal progenitor cell culture was established by differentiation from mesenchymal stem cells, and its conditioned medium (EPC-CM) was prepared...
June 2018: Dermatology and Therapy
Sang Won Choi, Min-Ho Oak, Eunyoung Yi, Hyun Jung Kim, Jin Woo Park
Percutaneous delivery of growth factors is often used to treat wounds, and for cosmetic purposes, as a way of accelerating healing and skin regeneration, respectively. However, the therapeutic effects of growth factors are diminished by their poor absorption when delivered percutaneously, in addition to their rapid degradation by proteinases. To overcome these obstacles, we constructed two skin-permeable compounds. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) were both genetically paired with low-molecular-weight protamine (LMWP), to yield the compounds LMWP-bFGF and LMWP-VEGF-A, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Sue Kyung Kim, Seung-Jae Oh, Se-Yeon Park, Woo-Jung Kim, You-Sun Kim, You Chan Kim
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment option for skin cancer and premalignant skin diseases and exhibits rejuvenation effects, including reducing fine wrinkles and whitening, on aged skin. In this study, we investigated the mechanism underlying the whitening effects of PDT on melanocytes (MCs) in vitro and in vivo. Exposure of MCs to PDT in vitro reduced their melanin content and tyrosinase activity without, however, affecting cell survival. Interestingly, melanogenesis was also inhibited by exposing MCs to conditioned media of PDT-treated keratinocytes or dermal fibroblasts...
March 2018: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
Zongbo Wei, Jane Caty, Jeremy Whitson, Amy D Zhang, Ramkumar Srinivasagan, Terrance J Kavanagh, Hong Yan, Xingjun Fan
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of posterior capsular opacification because of remnant lens epithelial cell proliferation, migration, and transformation after cataract surgery. The latter, we hypothesize, may result in posterior capsule wrinkling and opacification because of a profound change in the lens growth environment via a 1000-fold reduction of extracellular glutathione (GSH) levels. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the EMT process in cell culture and GSH biosynthesis deficiency mouse models...
November 2017: American Journal of Pathology
Hui-Wen Chiu, Cheng-Hsien Chen, Yi-Jie Chen, Yung-Ho Hsu
Ultraviolet (UV) induces skin photoaging, which is characterized by thickening, wrinkling, pigmentation, and dryness. Collagen, which is one of the main building blocks of human skin, is regulated by collagen synthesis and collagen breakdown. Autophagy was found to block the epidermal hyperproliferative response to UVB and may play a crucial role in preventing skin photoaging. In the present study, we investigated whether far-infrared (FIR) therapy can inhibit skin photoaging via UVB irradiation in NIH 3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblasts and SKH-1 hairless mice...
2017: PloS One
K H Kim, G Blasco-Morente, N Cuende, S Arias-Santiago
This review describes the current understanding and the potential use of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in cell-based therapies for clinical management of difficult wounds and other dermatoses. MSCs have been shown to possess many advantageous properties that make them a promising therapeutic modality in dermatology still under investigation. In fact, MSCs' ability to promote wound healing through its paracrine function and pro-angiogenic properties have generated increasing interest for treating acute and chronic wounds...
March 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Martina Verdanova, Bohuslav Rezek, Antonin Broz, Egor Ukraintsev, Oleg Babchenko, Anna Artemenko, Tibor Izak, Alexander Kromka, Martin Kalbac, Marie Hubalek Kalbacova
Two profoundly different carbon allotropes - nanocrystalline diamond and graphene - are of considerable interest from the viewpoint of a wide range of biomedical applications including implant coating, drug and gene delivery, cancer therapy, and biosensing. Osteoblast adhesion and proliferation on nanocrystalline diamond and graphene are compared under various conditions such as differences in wettability, topography, and the presence or absence of protein interlayers between cells and the substrate. The materials are characterized in detail by means of scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and contact angle measurements...
May 2016: Small
Hyun Jong Shin, Dong-Jin Lee, Kang Kwon, Hyung-Sik Seo, Han-Sol Jeong, Ji-Yeon Lee, Ki-Tae Ha, Chang-Hyun Lee, Yong-Suk Jang, Byung-Wook Lee, Byung Joo Kim, Myeong-Ho Jung
OBJECTIVES: Recently, thread-embedding therapy (TET) has been widely applied in Korean medicine for cosmetic purposes such as reducing skin wrinkles. An inserted thread was reported to have induced continuous stimulation, followed by support for connective tissue regeneration. However, the potential role of TET in hairgrowth has not yet been reported. METHODS: We designed this study to evaluate whether TET has a hair-growth-promoting effect. C57 black 6 (C57BL/6) mice were divided into three groups: normal saline-treated, minoxidil-treated, and thread-embedded groups...
December 2015: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
Makiko Hiragun, Takaaki Hiragun, Ikumi Oseto, Kazue Uchida, Yuhki Yanase, Akio Tanaka, Tomoka Okame, Shingo Ishikawa, Shoji Mihara, Michihiro Hide
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing eczematous skin disease. Certain populations of patients are resistant to standard therapies with topical steroids and/or calcineurin inhibitors, and require systemic medication, such as immunosuppressants. Recently, several reports have shed light on the anti-allergic effects of carotenoids. Therefore, we investigated the effect of p.o. administration of β-carotene or lycopene on AD-like symptoms of HR-1 hairless mice fed with a low zinc/magnesium diet. Mice were divided into four groups: (i) fed with a standard diet (Co group); (ii) low zinc/magnesium diet (HR group); (iii) low zinc/magnesium and β-carotene diet (HR-C group); and (iv) low zinc/magnesium and lycopene diet (HR-L group)...
October 2016: Journal of Dermatology
Imalka Munaweera, Yi Shi, Bhuvaneswari Koneru, Amit Patel, Mai H Dang, Anthony J Di Pasqua, Kenneth J Balkus
Nitric oxide (NO) and cisplatin releasing wrinkle-structured amine-modified mesoporous silica (AMS) nanoparticles have been developed for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The AMS and NO- and cisplatin-loaded AMS materials were characterized using TEM, BET surface area, FTIR and ICP-MS, and tested in cell culture. The results show that for NSCLC cell lines (i.e., H596 and A549), the toxicity of NO- and cisplatin-loaded silica nanoparticles (NO-Si-DETA-cisplatin-AMS) is significantly higher than that of silica nanoparticles loaded with only cisplatin (Si-DETA-cisplatin-AMS)...
December 2015: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Loren Pickart, Jessica Michelle Vasquez-Soltero, Anna Margolina
GHK (glycyl-L-histidyl-L-lysine) is present in human plasma, saliva, and urine but declines with age. It is proposed that GHK functions as a complex with copper 2+ which accelerates wound healing and skin repair. GHK stimulates both synthesis and breakdown of collagen and glycosaminoglycans and modulates the activity of both metalloproteinases and their inhibitors. It stimulates collagen, dermatan sulfate, chondroitin sulfate, and the small proteoglycan, decorin. It also restores replicative vitality to fibroblasts after radiation therapy...
2015: BioMed Research International
A Bonhomme, A Barbaud, J-L Schmutz, A-C Bursztejn
BACKGROUND: Aquagenic palmoplantar keratoderma (APPK) is characterised by whitish oedematous papules, sometimes itchy or painful of rapid onset following immersion of the palms and/or soles in water. We report a case that was atypical in terms of the secondary appearance of persistent fine desquamation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 6-year-old girl presented with typical APPK, present for three months and characterised by swelling, skin wrinkling, hyperhidrosis and secondary desquamation of the palms and soles, and which occurred after bathing...
March 2015: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Vadim Zorin, Alla Zorina, Vladimir Cherkasov, Roman Deev, Pavel Kopnin, Artur Isaev
Basic molecular mechanisms, associated with the main cell population of the dermis - fibroblasts - are the basis of skin aging. The number of functionally active fibroblasts in the skin and their biosynthetic activity decreases with age, thus enhancement of their cell density with synthetically active cells is accepted as a one of the most effective methods. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of intradermal administration of autologous dermal fibroblasts in a year after treatment of 17 patients, aged 45-65 years...
March 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Jae Hoon Jeong, Yingfang Fan, Ga Young You, Tae Hyun Choi, Sukwha Kim
We investigated the antiwrinkle effects of cultured human fibroblasts and adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and the mechanisms underlying the reduction of wrinkles in photoaged skin. The fibroblasts and ADSCs were isolated from human tissue and cultured. A total of 28 6-week-old female BALB/c nude mice were classified into four groups, including the normal control group and three groups that were irradiated six times a week for 6-weeks using ultraviolet B radiation to induce photoaged wrinkles. ADSCs were injected into the wrinkles in the skin of the second group and fibroblasts were injected into the wrinkles in the skin of the third group...
March 2015: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Kotaro Haruhara, Nobuo Tsuboi, Masatsugu Nakao, Kentaro Koike, Akira Fukui, Yoichi Miyazaki, Tetsuya Kawamura, Makoto Ogura, Takashi Yokoo
The patient was a 73-year-old Japanese female diagnosed with stage IIIc primary peritoneal cancer. After undergoing total hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy, she received regimens consisting of paclitaxel (PTX) and carboplatin (CBDCA). She subsequently developed recurrence four years after the disease onset and was treated with PTX, CBDCA and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor bevacizumab (Bev). Although clinical remission was maintained with the administration of Bev monotherapy every three weeks, proteinuria was detected six months later, and gradually increased...
2014: Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi
Jangho Kim, Won-Gyu Bae, Han-Wool Choung, Ki Taek Lim, Hoon Seonwoo, Hoon Eui Jeong, Khap-Yang Suh, Noo Li Jeon, Pill-Hoon Choung, Jong Hoon Chung
Stem cell-based therapy has been proposed as an enabling alternative not only for the treatment of diseases but also for the regeneration of tissues beyond complex surgical treatments or tissue transplantation. In this study, we approached a conceptual platform that can integrate stem cells into a multiscale patterned substrate for bone regeneration. Inspired by human bone tissue, we developed hierarchically micro- and nanopatterned transplantable patches as synthetic extracellular matrices by employing capillary force lithography in combination with a surface micro-wrinkling method using a poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) polymer...
November 2014: Biomaterials
Felicetta De Cicco, Amalia Porta, Francesca Sansone, Rita P Aquino, Pasquale Del Gaudio
In the current study the feasibility of the novel nano spray drying technique for the production of stable nanoparticulate dry powder, able to gel when administered locally on a wound, is explored. Gentamicin sulphate (GS) was loaded into alginate/pectin nanoparticles as highly soluble (hygroscopic) model drug with wide range antibacterial agent for wound dressing. The influence of process variables, mainly spray mesh size and feed concentration, on particle size and morphology, powder wound fluid uptake ability and gelling rate, as well as hydrogel water vapour transmission at wound site were studied...
October 1, 2014: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Mark A Babizhayev, Anne Kasus-Jacobi, Khava S Vishnyakova, Yegor E Yegorov
Telomere length is emerging as a biomarker for aging and survival is paternally inherited and associated with parental lifespan. Telomere-associated cellular senescence may contribute to certain age-related disorders, including an increase in cancer incidence, wrinkling and diminished skin elasticity, atherosclerosis, osteoporosis, weight loss, age-related cataract, glaucoma and others. Shorter telomere length in leukocytes was associated cross-sectionally with cardiovascular disorders and its risk factors, including pulse pressure and vascular aging, obesity, vascular dementia, diabetes, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction (although not in all studies), cellular turnover and exposure to oxidative and inflammatory damage in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
2014: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
Bruno Burlando, Laura Cornara
Honey is a bee-derived, supersaturated solution composed mainly of fructose and glucose, and containing proteins and amino acids, vitamins, enzymes, minerals, and other minor components. Historical records of honey skin uses date back to the earliest civilizations, showing that honey has been frequently used as a binder or vehicle, but also for its therapeutic virtues. Antimicrobial properties are pivotal in dermatological applications, owing to enzymatic H2 O2 release or the presence of active components, like methylglyoxal in manuka, while medical-grade honey is also available...
December 2013: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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