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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434107/early-life-obesity-prevention-critique-of-intervention-trials-during-the-first-one-thousand-days
#1
REVIEW
John J Reilly, Anne Martin, Adrienne R Hughes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To critique the evidence from recent and ongoing obesity prevention interventions in the first 1000 days in order to identify evidence gaps and weaknesses, and to make suggestions for more informative future intervention trials. RECENT FINDINGS: Completed and ongoing intervention trials have had fairly modest effects, have been limited largely to high-income countries, and have used relatively short-term interventions and outcomes. Comparison of the evidence from completed prevention trials with the evidence from systematic reviews of behavioral risk factors shows that some life-course stages have been neglected (pre-conception and toddlerhood), and that interventions have neglected to target some important behavioral risk factors (maternal smoking during pregnancy, infant and child sleep)...
April 22, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433797/development-of-comorbid-crying-sleeping-feeding-problems-across-infancy-neurodevelopmental-vulnerability-and-parenting
#2
Ayten Bilgin, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: Regulatory problems (excessive crying, feeding, and sleeping difficulties), specifically their comorbidity, are early warning signs of future problems. Insensitive parenting and neurodevelopmental vulnerabilities have been suggested as factors explaining development or maintenance of regulatory problems. Nevertheless, none of the previous studies investigated these factors within the same sample across infancy, taking into account the reciprocal influences between maternal sensitivity and regulatory problems...
April 19, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427039/low-dose-growth-hormone-treatment-in-infants-and-toddlers-with-prader-willi-syndrome-is-comparable-to-higher-dosage-regimens
#3
Elly Scheermeyer, Mark Harris, Ian Hughes, Patricia A Crock, Geoffrey Ambler, Charles F Verge, Phil Bergman, George Werther, Maria E Craig, Catherine S Choong, Peter S W Davies
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate benefit and risk of low dose growth hormone treatment (GHT, 4.5mg/m(2)/week) in very young children with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal clinical intervention. METHODS: We evaluated 31 infants (aged 2-12months) and 42 toddlers (13-24months) from the PWS-OZGROW database for height, weight and BMI using the World Health Organization standard deviation scores (SDSWHO) and PWS specific BMI (SDSPWS), bone age, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) levels and adverse events over 3years of GHT...
March 24, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406474/daily-touchscreen-use-in-infants-and-toddlers-is-associated-with-reduced-sleep-and-delayed-sleep-onset
#4
Celeste H M Cheung, Rachael Bedford, Irati R Saez De Urabain, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Tim J Smith
Traditional screen time (e.g. TV and videogaming) has been linked to sleep problems and poorer developmental outcomes in children. With the advent of portable touchscreen devices, this association may be extending down in age to disrupt the sleep of infants and toddlers, an age when sleep is essential for cognitive development. However, this association has not been demonstrated empirically. This study aims to examine whether frequency of touchscreen use is associated with sleep in infants and toddlers between 6 and 36 months of age...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396029/parental-incarceration-and-child-sleep-and-eating-behaviors
#5
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether parental incarceration is significantly associated with a number of sleep and eating behaviors among offspring during early childhood. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study, an at-risk sample of parents and their offspring, were employed to test this possibility. Both maternal and paternal incarceration history were examined as predictors of whether children manifested high levels of the following 7 health behaviors: sleep problems, short sleep duration, salty snack consumption, starch consumption, sweets consumption, soda consumption, and fast food consumption...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394766/risks-and-benefits-of-swaddling-healthy-infants-an-integrative-review
#6
Antonia M Nelson
BACKGROUND: Swaddling has been practiced since antiquity; however, there is controversy about its safety. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review is to update and build upon previous reviews and synthesize evidence on risks and benefits of swaddling in healthyterm, near-term, or older infants. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (1960-May 13, 2016) and CINAHL (1963-May 13, 2016) searches were conducted, relevant articles retrieved, and citation lists reviewed for other references...
April 7, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376726/relationships-between-parental-sleep-quality-fatigue-cognitions-about-infant-sleep-and-parental-depression-pre-and-post-intervention-for-infant-behavioral-sleep-problems
#7
Wendy A Hall, Melissa Moynihan, Radhika Bhagat, Joanne Wooldridge
BACKGROUND: Maternal and paternal depression has been associated with infants' behavioral sleep problems. Behavioral sleep interventions, which alter parental cognitions about infant sleep, have improved infant sleep problems. This study reports relationships between parental depression, fatigue, sleep quality, and cognitions about infant sleep pre and post-intervention for a behavioral sleep problem. METHODS: This secondary analysis of data from Canadian parents (n = 455), with healthy infants aged 6-to-8-months exposed to a behavioral sleep intervention, examined baseline data and follow-up data from 18 or 24 weeks post intervention (group teaching or printed material) exposure...
April 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369506/maternal-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-and-child-nocturnal-awakenings-at-6-and-18%C3%A2-months
#8
Eivind Ystrom, Mari Hysing, Leila Torgersen, Hilde Ystrom, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Børge Sivertsen
We aim to estimate the pathways between maternal symptoms of anxiety and depression and child nocturnal awakenings via structural equation modeling using a sibling design. Structural equation modeling on data from 14,926 sibling dyads or triads from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. At 6 months, we estimated the association between maternal symptoms of anxiety and child nocturnal awakenings to be owing to several nonsignificant pathways. Child nocturnal awakenings at 18 months, however, were influenced by concurrent maternal symptoms of anxiety (β = ...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366345/young-child-and-maternal-sleep-in-the-middle-east
#9
Jodi A Mindell, Christina Lee, Avi Sadeh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to characterize sleep patterns and sleep problems in a large sample of infants and toddlers (from birth to three years) and their mothers in Arabic-speaking families in the Middle East and compare the results to those living in predominantly Asian and predominantly Caucasian countries/regions. METHODS: Mothers of 669 young children (from Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Algeria, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Morocco, Iraq, Kuwai, Oman, Palestinian territories, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Bahrain, Israel, and other Arab countries) completed an Internet-based expanded version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire, Daily Infant Mood Scale, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364489/sleep-quality-and-nocturnal-sleep-duration-in-pregnancy-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Shirong Cai, Sara Tan, Peter D Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey, Seang-Mei Saw, Oon Hoe Teoh, Yap-Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Michael S Kramer, Joshua J Gooley
Study Objectives: To examine the influence of maternal sleep quality and nocturnal sleep duration on risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a multiethnic Asian population. Methods: A cohort of 686 women (376 Chinese, 186 Malay, and 124 Indian) with a singleton pregnancy attended a clinic visit at 26-28 weeks of gestation as part of the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes mother-offspring cohort study. Self-reported sleep quality and sleep duration were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364488/short-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-eating-more-carbohydrates-and-less-dietary-fat-in-mexican-american-children
#11
Suzanna M Martinez, Jeanne M Tschann, Nancy F Butte, Steve E Gregorich, Carlos Penilla, Elena Flores, Louise C Greenspan, Lauri A Pasch, Julianna Deardorff
Study Objective: Short sleep duration is a risk factor for childhood obesity. Mechanisms are unclear, but may involve selection of high carbohydrate foods. This study examined the association between estimated sleep duration and macronutrient intake as percentages of total energy among Mexican American (MA) 9-11 year olds. Methods: This cross-sectional study measured diet using two 24-hour recalls and estimated sleep duration using hip-worn accelerometry in MA children (n = 247) who were part of a cohort study...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364421/development-of-circadian-sleep-regulation-in-the-rat-a-longitudinal-study-under-constant-conditions
#12
Marcos G Frank, Norman F Ruby, Horace Craig Heller, Paul Franken
Study Objectives: To better understand the development of sleep, we characterized the development of circadian rhythms in sleep and wakefulness in the artificially-reared, isolated rat pup using an experimental design that minimized the effects of maternal separation. Methods: Neonatal rats were reared in constant conditions (dim red light) while electroencephalographic and electromyographic signals were continuously recorded for up to 3 weeks. This time period spanned the preweaned and weaned ages...
March 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361162/comment-on-the-joy-of-parenting-infant-sleep-intervention-to-improve-maternal-emotional-well-being-and-infant-sleep
#13
Sarah Blunden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356094/do-the-correlates-of-screen-time-and-sedentary-time-differ-in-preschool-children
#14
Katherine L Downing, Trina Hinkley, Jo Salmon, Jill A Hnatiuk, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Preschool children can spend up to 12 h a day in sedentary time and few meet current recommendations for screen time. Little is known about ecological correlates that could be targeted to decrease specific versus total sedentary behaviour. This study examined whether the correlates of screen time and sedentary time differ in preschool boys and girls. METHODS: Parents participating in the HAPPY Study in 2008/09 in Melbourne, Australia reported their child's usual screen time and potential individual, social and physical environment correlates...
March 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353643/plasma-vitamin-d-deficiency-is-associated-with-poor-sleep-quality-and-night-time-eating-at-mid-pregnancy-in-singapore
#15
Tuck Seng Cheng, See Ling Loy, Yin Bun Cheung, Shirong Cai, Marjorelee T Colega, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Kok Hian Tan, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Yung Seng Lee, Ngee Lek, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Fabian Yap
Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) deficiency, poor sleep quality, and night-time eating, have been independently associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, but their inter-relationships are yet to be evaluated. We aimed to investigate the associations between maternal plasma 25OHD status and sleep quality and circadian eating patterns during pregnancy. Data on pregnant women (n = 890) from a prospective cohort (Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes) were analyzed. Plasma 25OHD concentration was measured, while the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and 24-h dietary recall were administered to women at 26-28 weeks' gestation...
March 29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334578/infant-sleep-problems-and-interventions-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Tiffany Field
Infant sleep problems have been the focus of a growing literature over the last few years. The current review is based on literature searches of Pubmed and PsycInfo for studies published over the last few years including randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses on infant sleep problems and resulting developmental effected, risk factors and interventions. Several risk/protective factors for sleep problems have been identified including health literacy, TV in the room, feeding, close contact and arousing activities at bedtime, intolerance for infant crying, co-sleeping, maternal depression and infant temperament...
March 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315898/modifiable-risk-factors-and-interventions-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-within-the-first-1-000-days
#17
Anne M Dattilo
Worldwide, the prevalence of childhood obesity has increased, amounting to 42 million overweight or obese children, and there is increasing evidence that the origins are within the first 1,000 days: the period of conception through 2 years. Antecedents of early childhood obesity are multifactorial, and associations of varying strength have been documented for genetic/epigenetic, biologic, dietary, environmental, social, and behavioral influences. Modifiable factors in pregnancy and early infancy associated with childhood obesity include maternal overweight/obesity, maternal smoking, gestational weight gain, infant and young child feeding, caregiver responsive feeding practices, as well as sleep duration, and physical activity...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303945/dependence-of-nighttime-sleep-duration-in-one-month-old-infants-on-alterations-in-natural-and-artificial-photoperiod
#18
Sachiko Iwata, Fumie Fujita, Masahiro Kinoshita, Mitsuaki Unno, Takashi Horinouchi, Seiichi Morokuma, Osuke Iwata
Human sleep-wake cycles are entrained by both natural and artificial light-dark cycles. However, little is known regarding when and how the photoperiod changes entrain the biological clock after conception. To investigate the dependence of sleep patterns in young infants on the natural and artificial light-dark cycles, 1,302 pairs of one-month-old infants and their mothers were asked to answer a questionnaire. Birth in spring, longer daytime sleep duration, early/regular light-off times, and longer maternal nighttime sleep duration were identified as independent variables for longer infant nighttime sleep duration in both univariate and multivariate analyses...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295774/alcohol-consumption-by-breastfeeding-mothers-frequency-correlates-and-infant-outcomes
#19
Rui Yang Tay, Judy Wilson, Clare McCormack, Steve Allsop, Jake M Najman, Lucy Burns, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Craig A Olsson, Richard P Mattick, Delyse Hutchinson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There is limited research regarding the effects of alcohol consumption by breastfeeding mothers on infant development. This study examined the frequency, correlates and outcomes of alcohol use during lactation. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were from an Australian cohort study. Maternal demographics and substance use were assessed during pregnancy and at 8 weeks and 12 months postpartum. Breastfeeding duration, infant feeding, sleeping and development (Ages and Stages Questionnaire) were also assessed postpartum...
March 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295263/preschoolers-genetic-physiological-and-behavioral-sensitivity-factors-moderate-links-between-parenting-stress-and-child-internalizing-externalizing-and-sleep-problems
#20
Molly Davis, Kristel Thomassin, Joanie Bilms, Cynthia Suveg, Anne Shaffer, Steven R H Beach
This study examined three potential moderators of the relations between maternal parenting stress and preschoolers' adjustment problems: a genetic polymorphism-the short allele of the serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR, ss/sl allele) gene, a physiological indicator-children's baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), and a behavioral indicator-mothers' reports of children's negative emotionality. A total of 108 mothers (Mage  = 30.68 years, SDage  = 6.06) reported on their parenting stress as well as their preschoolers' (Mage  = 3...
May 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
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