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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334578/infant-sleep-problems-and-interventions-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Tiffany Field
Infant sleep problems have been the focus of a growing literature over the last few years. The current review is based on literature searches of Pubmed and PsycInfo for studies published over the last few years including randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses on infant sleep problems and resulting developmental effected, risk factors and interventions. Several risk/protective factors for sleep problems have been identified including health literacy, TV in the room, feeding, close contact and arousing activities at bedtime, intolerance for infant crying, co-sleeping, maternal depression and infant temperament...
March 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315898/modifiable-risk-factors-and-interventions-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-within-the-first-1-000-days
#2
Anne M Dattilo
Worldwide, the prevalence of childhood obesity has increased, amounting to 42 million overweight or obese children, and there is increasing evidence that the origins are within the first 1,000 days: the period of conception through 2 years. Antecedents of early childhood obesity are multifactorial, and associations of varying strength have been documented for genetic/epigenetic, biologic, dietary, environmental, social, and behavioral influences. Modifiable factors in pregnancy and early infancy associated with childhood obesity include maternal overweight/obesity, maternal smoking, gestational weight gain, infant and young child feeding, caregiver responsive feeding practices, as well as sleep duration, and physical activity...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303945/dependence-of-nighttime-sleep-duration-in-one-month-old-infants-on-alterations-in-natural-and-artificial-photoperiod
#3
Sachiko Iwata, Fumie Fujita, Masahiro Kinoshita, Mitsuaki Unno, Takashi Horinouchi, Seiichi Morokuma, Osuke Iwata
Human sleep-wake cycles are entrained by both natural and artificial light-dark cycles. However, little is known regarding when and how the photoperiod changes entrain the biological clock after conception. To investigate the dependence of sleep patterns in young infants on the natural and artificial light-dark cycles, 1,302 pairs of one-month-old infants and their mothers were asked to answer a questionnaire. Birth in spring, longer daytime sleep duration, early/regular light-off times, and longer maternal nighttime sleep duration were identified as independent variables for longer infant nighttime sleep duration in both univariate and multivariate analyses...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295774/alcohol-consumption-by-breastfeeding-mothers-frequency-correlates-and-infant-outcomes
#4
Judy Wilson, Rui Yang Tay, Clare McCormack, Steve Allsop, Jake Najman, Lucy Burns, Craig A Olsson, Elizabeth Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Richard P Mattick, Delyse Hutchinson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There is limited research regarding the effects of alcohol consumption by breastfeeding mothers on infant development. This study examined the frequency, correlates and outcomes of alcohol use during lactation. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were from an Australian cohort study. Maternal demographics and substance use were assessed during pregnancy and at 8 weeks and 12 months postpartum. Breastfeeding duration, infant feeding, sleeping and development (Ages and Stages Questionnaire) were also assessed postpartum...
March 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295263/preschoolers-genetic-physiological-and-behavioral-sensitivity-factors-moderate-links-between-parenting-stress-and-child-internalizing-externalizing-and-sleep-problems
#5
Molly Davis, Kristel Thomassin, Joanie Bilms, Cynthia Suveg, Anne Shaffer, Steven R H Beach
This study examined three potential moderators of the relations between maternal parenting stress and preschoolers' adjustment problems: a genetic polymorphism-the short allele of the serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR, ss/sl allele) gene, a physiological indicator-children's baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), and a behavioral indicator-mothers' reports of children's negative emotionality. A total of 108 mothers (Mage  = 30.68 years, SDage  = 6.06) reported on their parenting stress as well as their preschoolers' (Mage  = 3...
March 14, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281951/bedsharing-and-oral-health-related-feeding-behaviors-among-zero-to-three-year-old-children
#6
Vanessa R Axelsen, Arwa I Owais, Fang Qian, Cameron L Perigo, Karin Weber-Gasparoni
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between bedsharing and oral health-related feeding behaviors among zero- to three-year-old children. METHODS: Data were collected from records of children attending the University of Iowa's Infant Oral Health Program (1998 to 2009), including maternal demographics, children's nighttime dietary practices, bedsharing habits, methods to help children sleep, and clinical evidence of plaque and caries...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267366/eveningness-associates-with-smoking-and-sleep-problems-among-pregnant-women
#7
Ilona Merikanto, E Juulia Paavonen, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Tiina Paunio, Timo Partonen
Sleep problems during pregnancy impair maternal health and increase the risk for adverse pregnancy outcome. The circadian preference toward eveningness has been associated with sleep problems in previous studies. Here, we studied whether evening-type women had more sleep problems during their pregnancy, as compared with other chronotypes, in a sample consisting of 1653 pregnant women from the Finnish CHILD-SLEEP Birth Cohort. Chronotype was assessed with a shortened version of the morningness-eveningness questionnaire...
March 7, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229101/factors-associated-with-infant-bed-sharing
#8
Megan Heere, Beth Moughan, Joseph Alfonsi, Jennifer Rodriguez, Stephen Aronoff
Objective: Bed-sharing is associated with sudden infant death syndrome and accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for newborn bed-sharing. Methods: Postpartum mothers from a university maternity service were contacted by phone to complete a survey. Demographic and environmental data were collected; newborn bed-sharing and sleep environment were self-reported. Results: A total of 1261 mothers completed surveys; bed-sharing was reported by 79 mothers (6...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215256/the-association-between-chronotype-and-sleep-problems-in-preschool-children
#9
Nur K Jafar, Elaine K H Tham, Derric Z H Eng, Daniel Y T Goh, Oon-Hoe Teoh, Yung S Lee, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Fabian Yap, Yap Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Joshua J Gooley, Birit F P Broekman
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and adults who are evening-types exhibit shorter sleep duration and more sleep problems than individuals with an earlier chronotype. We hypothesized that already at a preschool age, evening-types would exhibit more sleep problems relative to children who are morning or intermediate chronotypes. The aim of this study was to examine the association between chronotype and sleep problems among preschool children. METHODS: We studied a subset of typically-developing 4...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213671/exome-analysis-of-smith-magenis-like-syndrome-cohort-identifies-de-novo-likely-pathogenic-variants
#10
Seth I Berger, Carla Ciccone, Karen L Simon, May Christine Malicdan, Thierry Vilboux, Charles Billington, Roxanne Fischer, Wendy J Introne, Andrea Gropman, Jan K Blancato, James C Mullikin, William A Gahl, Marjan Huizing, Ann C M Smith
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS), a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by dysmorphic features, intellectual disability (ID), and sleep disturbances, results from a 17p11.2 microdeletion or a mutation in the RAI1 gene. We performed exome sequencing on 6 patients with SMS-like phenotypes but without chromosomal abnormalities or RAI1 variants. We identified pathogenic de novo variants in two cases, a nonsense variant in IQSEC2 and a missense variant in the SAND domain of DEAF1, and candidate de novo missense variants in an additional two cases...
April 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186930/protective-factors-for-child-development-at-age-2-in-the-presence-of-poor-maternal-mental-health-results-from-the-all-our-babies-aob-pregnancy-cohort
#11
Sheila W McDonald, Heather L Kehler, Suzanne C Tough
OBJECTIVE: To identify the combination of factors most protective of developmental delay at age 2 among children exposed to poor maternal mental health. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Pregnant women were recruited from primary healthcare offices, the public health laboratory service and community posters in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 1596 mother-child dyads who participated in the All Our Babies study and who completed a follow-up questionnaire when their child was 2 years old...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176775/investigating-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-macronutrient-intake-in-women-of-childbearing-age
#12
C J Bennett, H Truby, Z Zia, S W Cain, M L Blumfield
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Reduced sleep is a strong and independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Maternal obesity preconception and throughout gestation can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and impact on offspring health in later life. This study investigated the relationship between sleeping behaviour and macronutrient intake in childbearing aged women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health 1973-78 cohort, aged 31-36 years in 2009 (n=8200)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162972/novel-strategies-to-prevent-stillbirth
#13
REVIEW
Jane Warland, Edwin A Mitchell, Louise M O'Brien
This article reviews three new and emerging risk factors for stillbirth that may be modifiable or might identify a compromised fetus. We focus on fetal movements, maternal sleep, and maternal diet. Recent studies have suggested than a sudden increase in vigorous fetal activity may be associated with increased risk of stillbirth. We review the papers that have reported this finding and discuss the implications as well as potential future directions for research. There is emerging literature to suggest that maternal sleep position may be a risk for stillbirth, especially if the woman settles to sleep supine...
February 2, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153216/maternal-and-paternal-sleep-during-pregnancy-in-the-child-sleep-birth%C3%A2-cohort
#14
E Juulia Paavonen, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Pirjo Pölkki, Anneli Kylliäinen, Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen, Tiina Paunio
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Maternal and paternal sleep insufficiency during pregnancy appears to be a risk factor for health and wellbeing in young families. Here, we evaluated the prevalence of sleep insufficiency and symptoms of insomnia during pregnancy (at 32nd pregnancy week) and their relationship to depression, anxiety and environmental stress. METHODS: The study is based on a population based sample from Finland consisting of 1667 mothers and 1498 fathers from the Child-sleep birth cohort...
January 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150266/-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-pregnancy-related-sleep-disturbances
#15
Hsuan-Man Hung, Hsiao-Ching Chiang
Most women experience the worse sleep quality of their life during pregnancy and the early postpartum period. Although pregnancy typically accounts for a relatively short part of a woman's life, the related sleep disturbances may have a significant and negative impact on her long-term health. Approximately 78-80% of pregnant women experience sleep disturbances, including interruptions in deep sleep, decreased total sleep time, poor subjective sleep quality, frequent night waking, and reduced sleep efficacy...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134938/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-perinatal-risk
#16
Margarita Reyes-Zúñiga, Luis Torre-Bouscoulet
Obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by total or partial interruptions of airflow during sleep, despite ongoing efforts to breathe. These pauses result from repeated upper airway obstructions that generate a systemic inflammatory condition with consequences for the endothelial function that increase the risk of cardiometabolic events. The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea during pregnancy is greater than that observed in the general population and increases in the third trimester. Although limited, the information currently available supports the notion that obstructive sleep apnea is an independent, and potentially modifiable, risk factor for maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality...
November 2016: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131073/maternal-salivary-cortisone-to-cortisol-ratio-in-late-pregnancy-an-improved-method-for-predicting-offspring-birth-weight
#17
Meredith Wilson, Zaneta Thayer
Overexposure to maternal cortisol in utero has been associated with lower birth weight of offspring. In order to regulate fetal exposure to this hormone, placental expression of 11-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-2, an enzyme that converts active cortisol to inactive cortisone, increases across pregnancy. Because of this increase in 11-βHSD2 activity, measuring maternal cortisol in isolation may not reflect actual fetal exposure to the hormone. Previous work by Hellgren et al. (2016) has shown that maternal serum cortisone:cortisol ratio was a better predictor of offspring birth weight than cortisol measured in isolation...
January 12, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125932/brief-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-children-and-adolescents-with-persistent-post-concussive-symptoms-a-pilot-study
#18
Kelly A McNally, Kristina E Patrick, Jacob E LaFleur, Jana B Dykstra, Kerry Monahan, Kristen R Hoskinson
This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of a brief cognitive behavioral intervention program for children and adolescents experiencing persistent post-concussion symptoms. A total of 31 patients aged 10 to 18 years participated in the intervention. The median time since injury at treatment onset was 95 days though the range was large (23-720 days). Treatment was on average four sessions in duration. Sessions included concussion education, activity scheduling, sleep hygiene relaxation training, and cognitive restructuring...
January 26, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117919/influence-of-maternal-psychological-traits-on-sleep-bruxism-in-children
#19
Marilia Leão Goettems, Victorio Poletto-Neto, Ayah Qassem Shqair, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flavio Fernando Demarco
BACKGROUND: Sleep bruxism (SB) is a sleep disorder with high incidence in toddlers and may perpetuate to adulthood. The multifactorial etiology of bruxism includes pathophysiologic and psychological factors. AIM: To investigate the relationship between depression, stressful events, and the presence of symptoms of anxiety and depression with SB in children of adolescent mothers. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study nested in a cohort evaluated a sample of 536 mothers and their children aged 24-36 months...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117135/sleep-regulation-physiology-and-development-sleep-duration-and-patterns-and-sleep-hygiene-in-infants-toddlers-and-preschool-age-children
#20
REVIEW
Eleanor Bathory, Suzy Tomopoulos
Sleep problems are common, reported by a quarter of parents with children under the age of 5 years, and have been associated with poor behavior, worse school performance, and obesity, in addition to negative secondary effects on maternal and family well-being. Yet, it has been shown that pediatricians do not adequately address sleep in routine well-child visits, and underdiagnose sleep issues. Pediatricians receive little formal training in medical school or in residency regarding sleep medicine. An understanding of the physiology of sleep is critical to a pediatrician׳s ability to effectively and confidently counsel patients about sleep...
February 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
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