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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635525/the-role-of-prenatal-obstetric-and-post-partum-factors-in-the-parenting-stress-of-mothers-and-fathers-of-9-month-old-infants
#1
Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Gillian Murphy, Mike Murphy
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper was to examine the role of perinatal, obstetric and post partum factors on maternal and paternal stress. It will present the first examination of the role of prenatal, obstetric, post-partum, and demographic variables in parenting stress for mothers and fathers at 9 months. METHODS: Data from 6821 parental dyads of 9-month-old infants were extracted from the Growing Up in Ireland National Longitudinal Study of Children. Participants completed the Parental Stress Scale, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale, the Quality of Attachment Sub-scale from the Maternal and Paternal Postnatal Attachment Scales, and a single item health status question from the Short Form 12 Health Survey...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635306/self-injurious-behaviors-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-enrolled-in-the-study-to-explore-early-development
#2
Gnakub Norbert Soke, Steven A Rosenberg, Cordelia Robinson Rosenberg, Roma A Vasa, Li-Ching Lee, Carolyn DiGuiseppi
We assessed potential factors associated with "current" or "ever" self-injurious behaviors, reported in the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, among children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 692) from the Study to Explore Early Development. Data on factors examined were obtained from questionnaires, standardized clinical instruments, and birth certificates. We employed a log-binomial regression to assess these associations. Although most associations were quite similar for currently and ever exhibiting self-injurious behaviors, a few differences were noted...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632088/the-association-of-daytime-maternal-napping-and-exercise-with-nighttime-sleep-in-first-time-mothers-between-3-and-6-months-postpartum
#3
Teresa A Lillis, Nancy A Hamilton, Sarah D Pressman, Christina S Khou
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship of daytime maternal napping, exercise, caffeine, and alcohol intake to objective and subjective sleep indices. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty healthy, nondepressed, first-time mothers between 3 and 6 months postpartum. METHODS: Seven consecutive days of online behavior diaries, sleep diaries, and wrist actigraphy, collecting Total Sleep Time (TST), Sleep Onset Latency (SOL), and Wake After Sleep Onset (WASO)...
October 19, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631347/reducing-the-maternal-dietary-intake-of-indigestible-and-slowly-absorbed-short-chain-carbohydrates-is-associated-with-improved-infantile-colic-a-proof-of-concept-study
#4
M Iacovou, E C Mulcahy, H Truby, J S Barrett, P R Gibson, J G Muir
BACKGROUND: To investigate if a low fermentable oligo-, di- and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet consumed by breastfeeding mothers may be associated with reduced symptoms of infantile colic. METHODS: Exclusively breastfeeding mothers and their typically-developing healthy infants who met the Wessel Criteria for infantile colic were recruited from the community, to this single-blind, open-label, interventional study. After a 3-day qualifying period, mothers were provided a low FODMAP 7-day diet...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623890/survey-of-maternal-sleep-practices-in-late-pregnancy-in-a-multi-ethnic-sample-in-south-auckland-new-zealand
#5
Robin S Cronin, Carol Chelimo, Edwin A Mitchell, Kara Okesene-Gafa, John M D Thompson, Rennae S Taylor, B Lynne Hutchison, Lesley M E McCowan
BACKGROUND: The Auckland Stillbirth study demonstrated a two-fold increased risk of late stillbirth for women who did not go to sleep on their left side. Two further studies have confirmed an increased risk of late stillbirth with supine sleep position. As sleep position is modifiable, we surveyed self-reported late pregnancy sleep position, knowledge about sleep position, and views about changing going-to-sleep position. METHODS: Participants in this 2014 survey were pregnant women (n = 377) in their third trimester from South Auckland, New Zealand, a multi-ethnic and predominantly low socio-economic population...
June 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609468/going-to-sleep-in-the-supine-position-is-a-modifiable-risk-factor-for-late-pregnancy-stillbirth-findings-from-the-new-zealand-multicentre-stillbirth-case-control-study
#6
Lesley M E McCowan, John M D Thompson, Robin S Cronin, Minglan Li, Tomasina Stacey, Peter R Stone, Beverley A Lawton, Alec J Ekeroma, Edwin A Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to test the primary hypothesis that maternal non-left, in particular supine going-to-sleep position, would be a risk factor for late stillbirth (≥28 weeks of gestation). METHODS: A multicentre case-control study was conducted in seven New Zealand health regions, between February 2012 and December 2015. Cases (n = 164) were women with singleton pregnancies and late stillbirth, without congenital abnormality. Controls (n = 569) were women with on-going singleton pregnancies, randomly selected and frequency matched for health region and gestation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604080/association-of-childhood-obesity-and-the-immune-system-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#7
Roya Kelishadi, Mohammad Roufarshbaf, Sina Soheili, Farzaneh Payghambarzadeh, Mohsen Masjedi
The growing prevalence of childhood obesity has become a serious health problem over the past decades. As the immune system is greatly affected by excess weight, in this review of reviews, we discuss the findings of review articles about the relationship between childhood/maternal obesity and children's immune system. We searched English-language articles in PubMed, Scopus, ISI Thomson Reuters, and Google Scholar databases. All relevant reviews, either systematic or narrative, were retrieved. Then their quality was assessed by using the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews and International Narrative Systematic Assessment tools, respectively...
June 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599896/objectively-measured-short-sleep-duration-and-later-sleep-midpoint-in-pregnancy-are-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-gestational-diabetes
#8
Francesca L Facco, William A Grobman, Kathryn J Reid, Corette B Parker, Shannon M Hunter, Robert M Silver, Robert C Basner, George R Saade, Grace W Pien, Shalini Manchanda, Judette M Louis, Chia-Ling Nhan-Chang, Judith H Chung, Deborah A Wing, Hyagriv N Simhan, David M Haas, Jay Iams, Samuel Parry, Phyllis C Zee
BACKGROUND: Experimental and epidemiologic data suggest that among non-pregnant adults, sleep duration may be an important risk factor for chronic disease. Although pregnant women commonly complain of poor sleep, few studies have objectively evaluated the quality of sleep in pregnancy or have explored the relationship between sleep disturbances and maternal and perinatal outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to examine the relationship between objectively assessed sleep duration, timing and continuity (measured via wrist actigraphy) and maternal cardiovascular and metabolic morbidity specific to pregnancy...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576897/anticipatory-guidance-to-prevent-infant-sleep-problems-within-a-randomised-controlled-trial-infant-maternal-and-partner-outcomes-at-6-months-of-age
#9
Barbara C Galland, Rachel M Sayers, Sonya L Cameron, Andrew R Gray, Anne-Louise M Heath, Julie A Lawrence, Alana Newlands, Barry J Taylor, Rachael W Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of sleep education delivered antenatally and at 3 weeks postpartum to prevent infant sleep problems at 6 months of age. DESIGN: Sleep intervention within a randomised controlled trial for the Prevention of Overweight in Infancy (POI) study. PARTICIPANTS: 802 families were randomly allocated to one of four groups: usual care (control), sleep intervention (sleep), food, activity and breastfeeding intervention (FAB), and combined group receiving both interventions (combination)...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571049/the-combination-of-bed-sharing-and-maternal-smoking-leads-to-a-greatly-increased-risk-of-sudden-unexpected-death-in-infancy-the-new-zealand-sudi-nationwide-case-control-study
#10
Edwin A Mitchell, John Md Thompson, Jane Zuccollo, Melanie MacFarlane, Barry Taylor, Dawn Elder, Alistair W Stewart, Teuila Percival, Nick Baker, Gabrielle K McDonald, Bev Lawton, Martin Schlaud, Peter Fleming
BACKGROUND: Despite a major reduction in overall infant mortality, sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) continues to be of concern in New Zealand, as the rate is high by international standards, and is even higher in indigenous Māori. AIM: To identify modifiable risk factors for SUDI. METHODS: A three-year (1 March 2012-28 February 2015) nationwide case-control study was conducted in New Zealand. RESULTS: There were 137 SUDI cases, giving a SUDI mortality rate of 0...
June 2, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560797/the-effects-of-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-deprivation-during-late-pregnancy-on-newborns-sleep
#11
B S Aswathy, Velayudhan M Kumar, Kamalesh K Gulia
Sleep deprivation during pregnancy is an emerging concern, as it can adversely affect the development of the offspring brain. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of deprivation of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep during the third term of pregnancy on the sleep-wake profiles of neonates in the Wistar rat model. Sleep-wake patterns were assessed through electrophysiological measures and behavioural observations during postnatal days 1-21 on pups born to REM sleep-deprived dams and control rats. Pups of REM sleep-deprived dams had active sleep that was not only markedly higher in percentage during all the days studied, but also had reduced latency during later postnatal days 15-21...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557558/a-social-media-peer-group-for-mothers-to-prevent-obesity-from-infancy-the-grow2gether-randomized-trial
#12
Alexander G Fiks, Rachel S Gruver, Chanelle T Bishop-Gilyard, Justine Shults, Senbagam Virudachalam, Andrew W Suh, Marsha Gerdes, Gurpreet K Kalra, Patricia A DeRusso, Alexandra Lieberman, Daniel Weng, Michal A Elovitz, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas J Power
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed obesity prevention among low-income families whose infants are at increased obesity risk. We tested a Facebook peer-group intervention for low-income mothers to foster behaviors promoting healthy infant growth. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 87 pregnant women (Medicaid insured, BMI ≥25 kg/m(2)) were randomized to the Grow2Gether intervention or text message appointment reminders. Grow2Gether participants joined a private Facebook group of 9-13 women from 2 months before delivery until infant age 9 months...
May 30, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549613/symptom-experience-in-late-pregnancy
#13
Kathleen R Beebe, Caryl L Gay, Sarah E Richoux, Kathryn A Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency, severity, distress, and correlates of common and rare symptoms reported by nulliparous women during the last month of pregnancy. DESIGN: Secondary cross-sectional analysis of data obtained in a larger randomized clinical trial. SETTING: San Francisco Bay area. PARTICIPANTS: Nulliparous, ethnically diverse, predominantly low-income pregnant women 18 to 47 years of age (N = 151). METHODS: Participants at or beyond 36 weeks gestation used the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS) to provide self-reports of general symptom experience ...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501936/maternal-sensitivity-predicts-fewer-sleep-problems-at-early-adolescence-for-toddlers-with-negative-emotionality-a-case-of-differential-susceptibility
#14
Anne Conway, Anahid Modrek, Prakash Gorroochurn
Theory underscores the importance of parenting in sleep development, but few studies have examined whether links vary by temperament. To address this gap, we tested whether potential links between early maternal sensitivity and early adolescent sleep problems varied by child negative emotionality and delay of gratification. Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 820), we found that high maternal sensitivity predicted fewer bedtime problems and longer sleep duration at 6th grade for toddlers with high negative emotionality, whereas low maternal sensitivity predicted the reverse...
May 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500672/telomere-length-and-fetal-programming-a-review-of-recent-scientific-advances
#15
Valerie E Whiteman, Anjali Goswami, Hamisu M Salihu
We sought to synthesize a comprehensive literature review comprising recent research linking fetal programming to fetal telomere length. We also explored the potential effects fetal telomere length shortening has on fetal phenotypes. Utilizing the PubMed database as our primary search engine, we retrieved and reviewed 165 articles of published research. The inclusion criteria limited the articles to those that appeared within the last ten years, were pertinent to humans, and without restriction to language of publication...
May 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497058/impact-of-an-intensive-perinatal-handwashing-promotion-intervention-on-maternal-handwashing-behavior-in-the-neonatal-period-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#16
Pavani Kalluri Ram, Sharifa Nasreen, Kelly Kamm, Jelena Allen, Swapna Kumar, Mohammad Anisur Rahman, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Stephen P Luby
One-quarter of neonatal deaths are attributed to infections. Maternal handwashing with soap may prevent neonatal sepsis. We examined impact of intensive handwashing promotion on handwashing behavior of mothers of neonates. In Matlab, Bangladesh, we randomly allocated pregnant women at 28-32 weeks' gestation to intensive handwashing promotion or control. Behavior change communicators used a participatory approach to motivate maternal handwashing with soap and provided soap and handwashing stations. In the neonatal period, we observed soap and water at handwashing places and, at the end of the neonatal period, we estimated impact on maternal handwashing by structured observation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490370/behavioral-interventions-to-promote-adequate-sleep-among-women-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Jennette Palcic Moreno, Theresa A Nicklas, Tom Baranowski
BACKGROUND: Short and poor sleep have been associated with adverse health outcomes in adults, such as overweight/obesity and type 2 diabetes, especially among women. Women therefore represent an important target for interventions aimed at improving sleep and such interventions have been advocated to enhance maternal, fetal, and infant health. This systematic review will assess the efficacy or effectiveness of behavioral interventions aimed at promoting adequate sleep among women. The primary outcomes will be changes in sleep duration and/or sleep quality from baseline to post-intervention and to the last available follow-up measured either through self-reports or objectively...
May 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476071/parental-reports-of-early-socioemotional-and-behavioral-problems-does-the-father-s-view-make-a-difference
#18
Jaana Alakortes, Jenni Fyrstén, Risto Bloigu, Alice S Carter, Irma K Moilanen, Hanna E Ebeling
Although both mothers and fathers are essential sources of information to address early socioemotional/behavioral (SEB) problems, there continues to be a dearth of studies considering both parental views. A sample of 208 toddlers (Mage = 19.3 months) was recruited through public child health centers. Both parents of 172 toddlers (76 boys, 96 girls) completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) 1-5 (T.M. Achenbach & L.A. Rescorla, 2000; Finnish translation by F. Almqvist, ). Correspondence (intraclass correlation coefficients; ICCs) between the maternal and paternal CBCL ratings was good (...
May 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465864/parental-snoring-and-environmental-pollutants-but-not-aeroallergen-sensitization-are-associated-with-childhood-snoring-in-a-birth-cohort
#19
Jennifer A Kannan, Cole Brokamp, David I Bernstein, Grace K LeMasters, Gurjit K Khurana Hershey, Manuel S Villareal, James E Lockey, Patrick H Ryan
The objective of this study was to determine whether atopy and other clinical and environmental variables predict the risk of childhood habitual snoring (HS) in a birth cohort born to atopic parents. Participants completed clinical evaluations and questionnaires at ages 1-4 and age 7. HS was defined as snoring ≥3 nights/week. Traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) exposure was estimated using land-use regression. The association between early (≤age 4) and current (age 7) allergic disease, environmental exposures, and snoring at age 7 was examined using adjusted logistic regression...
March 1, 2017: Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450082/a-randomized-trial-of-a-children-s-book-versus-brochures-for-safe-sleep-knowledge-and-adherence-in-a-high-risk-population
#20
John S Hutton, Resmi Gupta, Rachel Gruber, Jennifer Berndsen, Thomas DeWitt, Nicholas J Ollberding, Judith B Van Ginkel, Robert T Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Sleep-related infant deaths have plateaued in the past decade, disproportionately affecting low-socio-economic-status (SES) families. Printed materials are widely used for anticipatory guidance, yet none for safe sleep have been studied. OBJECTIVES: To test the efficacy of a specially designed children's book compared to brochures for safe sleep knowledge and adherence, which we hypothesized would be greater due to superior readability and engagement...
April 24, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
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