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Maternal sleep

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141950/maternal-circadian-rhythms-and-the-programming-of-adult-health-and-disease
#1
Tamara Jayne Varcoe, Kathryn L Gatford, David J Kennaway
The in utero environment is inherently rhythmic, with the fetus subjected to circadian changes in temperature, substrates and various maternal hormones. Meanwhile, the fetus is developing an endogenous circadian timing system, preparing for life in an external environment where light, food availability and other environmental factors change predictably and repeatedly every 24 hours. In humans, there are many situations that can disrupt circadian rhythms, including shift work, international travel, insomnias and circadian rhythm disorders (e...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135989/high-stress-lack-of-sleep-low-school-performance-and-suicide-attempts-are-associated-with-high-energy-drink-intake-in-adolescents
#2
So Young Kim, Songyong Sim, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: Although an association between energy drinks and suicide has been suggested, few prior studies have considered the role of emotional factors including stress, sleep, and school performance in adolescents. This study aimed to evaluate the association of energy drinks with suicide, independent of possible confounders including stress, sleep, and school performance. METHODS: In total, 121,106 adolescents with 13-18 years olds from the 2014 and 2015 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey were surveyed for age, sex, region of residence, economic level, paternal and maternal education level, sleep time, stress level, school performance, frequency of energy drink intake, and suicide attempts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129033/infant-safe-sleep-a-survey-of-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-obstetric-physicians
#3
Nichole L Hodges, Sarah E Anderson, Lara B McKenzie, Mira L Katz
Obstetricians may be a pregnant woman's primary professional source of information about her infant prior to the birth, but infant safe sleep knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of this population are unknown. This study explores obstetric physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and infant safe sleep and identifies barriers as well as enabling and/or reinforcing factors associated with providing infant safe sleep education in the prenatal environment. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with obstetric physicians who provide prenatal healthcare to women in Ohio...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103944/short-sleep-duration-and-hyperglycemia-in-pregnancy-aggregate-and-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Sirimon Reutrakul, Thunyarat Anothaisintawee, Sharon J Herring, Bilgay Izci Balserak, Isabelle Marc, Ammarin Thakkinstian
Short sleep duration has been linked to maternal hyperglycemia. Systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the relationship between sleep duration and hyperglycemia in pregnancy or gestational diabetes (GDM). MEDLINE and Scopus were searched until July 2017. Studies that assessed sleep duration and had objective measurements of hyperglycemia during pregnancy were eligible. Aggregate data were available from eight studies, n = 17,308 (seven with self-reported and one with objectively measured sleep duration)...
October 5, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091821/are-gastrointestinal-and-sleep-problems-associated-with-behavioral-symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Xiao-Lei Yang, Shuang Liang, Ming-Yang Zou, Cai-Hong Sun, Pan-Pan Han, Xi-Tao Jiang, Wei Xia, Li-Jie Wu
Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) suffer from concurrent medical symptoms, including gastrointestinal (GI) and sleeping problems. However, there is limited information on the correlation between co-morbidities and autistic behavioral symptoms. In this study, we estimated the prevalence of GI and sleep problems in Chinese ASD children, examined the impacts of GI and sleep problems on autistic behavioral symptoms, and investigated the factors associated with GI and sleep problems. The survey included 169 ASD and 172 healthy children...
October 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066388/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Sushmita Pamidi, R John Kimoff
Emerging literature suggests that sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) worsens over the course of pregnancy and is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Earlier studies, using mainly snoring as a surrogate marker for SDB, have shown an increase in the prevalence of SDB during pregnancy compared to the pregravid state. More recently, prospective observational studies using ascertainment of SDB with complete polysomnography have shown a prevalence ranging from ∼17-45% in the third trimester. Pregnancy itself can be associated with daytime hypersomnolence and as such, complaints of increasing fatigue and sleepiness during pregnancy are not specific for the presence of SDB...
October 21, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059450/prenatal-nicotine-exposure-disrupts-infant-neural-markers-of-orienting
#7
Erin King, Alana Campbell, Aysenil Belger, Karen Grewen
Introduction: Prenatal nicotine exposure (PNE) from maternal cigarette-smoking is linked to developmental deficits, including impaired auditory processing, language, generalized intelligence, attention and sleep. Fetal brain undergoes massive growth, organization and connectivity during gestation, making it particularly vulnerable to neurotoxic insult. Nicotine binds to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, which are extensively involved in growth, connectivity and function of developing neural circuitry and neurotransmitter systems...
August 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056152/orexin-hypocretin-system-role-in-food-and-drug-overconsumption
#8
Jessica R Barson, Sarah F Leibowitz
The neuropeptide orexin/hypocretin (OX), while largely transcribed within the hypothalamus, is released throughout the brain to affect complex behaviors. Primarily through the hypothalamus itself, OX homeostatically regulates adaptive behaviors needed for survival, including food intake, sleep-wake regulation, mating, and maternal behavior. However, through extrahypothalamic limbic brain regions, OX promotes seeking and intake of rewarding substances of abuse, like palatable food, alcohol, nicotine, and cocaine...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049932/determinants-of-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety-postnatally-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-chinese-canadian-women
#9
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Susitha Wanigaratne, Simone N Vigod, Sophie Grigoriadis, Kenneth Fung, Flavia Marini, Sarah Brennenstuhl
BACKGROUND: Women with comorbid depression and anxiety in the postpartum period experience more complex and severe symptoms than women with depression or anxiety alone; however, little is known about what influences these symptoms, especially among women from specific ethnic backgrounds. The objective of this study was to identify determinants of comorbid depression and anxiety symptomatology by 24 weeks postpartum in a cohort of Chinese-Canadian women. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was completed where 549 Chinese immigrant and Canadian-born women in Toronto were followed to 24 weeks postpartum...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049057/the-postpartum-maternal-and-newborn-microbiomes
#10
Abby D Mutic, Sheila Jordan, Sara M Edwards, Erin P Ferranti, Taylor A Thul, Irene Yang
Biological and environmental changes to maternal and newborn microbiomes in the postnatal period can affect health outcomes for the mother-baby dyad. Postpartum sleep deprivation and unmet dietary needs can alter commensal bacteria within the body and disrupt gut-brain communication. Perineal injury and breast infections also change microbial community composition, potentiating an environment favoring pathogen growth. The gut microbiome refers to the collection of microorganisms working in harmony. Disruptions within the gut microbiome and gut-brain communication may lead to postpartum depression, a potentially devastating sequela...
November 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031758/the-association-of-mothers-and-fathers-insomnia-symptoms-with-school-aged-children-s-sleep-assessed-by-parent-report-and-in-home-sleep-electroencephalography
#11
Natalie Urfer-Maurer, Rebekka Weidmann, Serge Brand, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Alexander Grob, Peter Weber, Sakari Lemola
OBJECTIVE: Sleep plays an essential role for children's well-being. Because children's sleep is associated with parental sleep patterns, it must be considered in the family context. As a first aim of the present study, we test whether parental insomnia symptoms are related to children's in-home sleep-electroencephalography (EEG). Second, we examine the association between parental insomnia symptoms and maternal and paternal perception of children's sleep using actor-partner interdependence models...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031756/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-pregnancy-is-associated-with-adverse-maternal-outcomes-a-national-cohort
#12
Ghada Bourjeily, Valery A Danilack, Margaret H Bublitz, Heather Lipkind, Janet Muri, Donna Caldwell, Iris Tong, Karen Rosene-Montella
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy and the obesity epidemic impacting women of reproductive age appear to predispose women to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in pregnancy. The aim of this study is to examine the association between OSA and adverse maternal outcomes in a national cohort. METHODS: The National Perinatal Information Center in the US was used to identify women with a delivery discharge diagnosis of OSA from 2010 to 2014. We used the International Classification of Diseases, ninth Revision to classify OSA diagnosis and maternal outcomes...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031747/sleep-phenotypes-in-infants-and-toddlers-with-neurogenetic-syndromes
#13
Emily A Abel, Bridgette L Tonnsen
BACKGROUND: Although sleep problems are well characterized in preschool- and school-age children with neurogenetic syndromes, little is known regarding the early emergence of these problems in infancy and toddlerhood. To inform syndrome-specific profiles and targets for intervention, we compared parent-reported sleep problems in infants and toddlers with Angelman syndrome (AS), Williams syndrome (WS), and Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) with patterns observed among same-aged typically developing (TD) controls...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030524/todaysbaby-quality-improvement-safe-sleep-teaching-and-role-modeling-in-8-us-maternity-units
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ann Kellams, Margaret G Parker, Nicole L Geller, Rachel Y Moon, Eve R Colson, Emily Drake, Michael J Corwin, Mary McClain, W Christopher Golden, Fern R Hauck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nursing education and role modeling can increase adherence to safe sleep practices. Eight US hospital maternity units with variable baseline approaches to education participated in a national multicenter nursing quality improvement (QI) intervention to promote safe sleep practices. The goals at participating maternity units were to (1) increase the rate of mothers who reported receiving safe sleep information from nurses to ≥90% and (2) increase the rates of infants observed sleeping supine in a safe environment to ≥90%...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029347/childhood-health-and-educational-outcomes-associated-with-maternal-sleep-apnea-a-population-record-linkage-study
#15
Yu Sun Bin, Peter A Cistulli, Christine L Roberts, Jane B Ford
Objectives: Sleep apnea in pregnancy is known to adversely affect birth outcomes. Whether in utero exposure to maternal sleep apnea is associated with long-term childhood consequences is unclear. Methods: Population-based longitudinal study of singleton infants born during 2002 to 2012 was conducted using linked birth, hospital, death, developmental, and educational records from New South Wales, Australia. Maternal sleep apnea during pregnancy was identified from hospital records...
October 5, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023736/an-investigation-of-fetal-behavioural-states-during-maternal-sleep-in-healthy-late-gestation-pregnancy-an-observational-study
#16
Peter R Stone, Wendy Burgess, Jordan McIntyre, Alistair J Gunn, Christopher A Lear, Laura Bennet, Edwin A Mitchell, John M D Thompson
BACKGROUND: Fetal behavioural states (FBS) are measures of fetal wellbeing. Maternal position affects FBS with supine being associated with an increased likelihood of fetal quiescence consistent with the human fetus adapting to a lower oxygen consuming state. A number of studies now confirm the association of sleep position with risk of late intrauterine death. We designed this study to observe the effects of maternal sleep positions overnight in healthy late gestation pregnancy. METHOD: Twenty nine healthy women had continuous fetal ECG recordings overnight...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022404/the-significance-of-breastfeeding-on-sleep-patterns-during-the-first-48%C3%A2-hours-postpartum-for-first-time-mothers
#17
O Hughes, M M Mohamad, P Doyle, G Burke
Postpartum women sleep less during the early days following delivery. Long-term sleep disturbance and fatigue can have significant implications for physical and mental health, relationships, employment and parental competence. Most studies focus on the quality and quantity of maternal sleep between weeks one and six postpartum. We explored sleep patterns and reasons for wakefulness of first-time mothers immediately following delivery. Thirty first-time mothers completed a postnatal sleep questionnaire, detailing their total sleep time (TST), the reasons for being awake and their level of fatigue...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987983/maternal-self-confidence-during-the-first-four-months-postpartum-and-its-association-with-anxiety-and-early-infant-regulatory-problems
#18
Lina Maria Matthies, Stephanie Wallwiener, Mitho Müller, Anne Doster, Katharina Plewniok, Sandra Feller, Christof Sohn, Markus Wallwiener, Corinna Reck
Maternal self-confidence has become an essential concept in understanding early disturbances in the mother-child relationship. Recent research suggests that maternal self-confidence may be associated with maternal mental health and infant development. The current study investigated the dynamics of maternal self-confidence during the first four months postpartum and the predictive ability of maternal symptoms of depression, anxiety, and early regulatory problems in infants. Questionnaires assessing symptoms of depression (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), and early regulatory problems (Questionnaire for crying, sleeping and feeding) were completed in a sample of 130 women at three different time points (third trimester (T1), first week postpartum (T2), and 4 months postpartum (T3)...
October 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985580/implementation-of-a-nightly-bedtime-routine-how-quickly-do-things-improve
#19
Jodi A Mindell, Erin S Leichman, Christina Lee, Ariel A Williamson, Russel M Walters
BACKGROUND: Institution of a consistent bedtime routine has been demonstrated to improve sleep in young children within two weeks. However, no studies have investigated the rate of this change and when most change occurs. The purpose of this study was to examine the nightly change in infant sleep and maternal perceptions after implementing a bedtime routine. METHODS: Mothers (n=134) and their infant (8-18 months) were randomly assigned to implementation of a bedtime routine intervention for a two-week period...
October 3, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984294/perinatal-immune-activation-produces-persistent-sleep-alterations-and-epileptiform-activity-in-male-mice
#20
Galen Missig, Emery L Mokler, James O Robbins, Abigail J Alexander, Christopher J McDougle, William A Carlezon
Increasing evidence suggests a role for inflammation in neuropsychiatric conditions including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Previous work in rodents has established that immune activation during critical developmental periods can cause phenotypes that reproduce core features of ASD, including decreased social interaction, aberrant communication, and increased repetitive behavior. In humans, ASD is frequently associated with co-morbid medical conditions including sleep disorders, motor hyperactivity, and seizures...
October 6, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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