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Maternal sleep

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229101/factors-associated-with-infant-bed-sharing
#1
Megan Heere, Beth Moughan, Joseph Alfonsi, Jennifer Rodriguez, Stephen Aronoff
Objective: Bed-sharing is associated with sudden infant death syndrome and accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for newborn bed-sharing. Methods: Postpartum mothers from a university maternity service were contacted by phone to complete a survey. Demographic and environmental data were collected; newborn bed-sharing and sleep environment were self-reported. Results: A total of 1261 mothers completed surveys; bed-sharing was reported by 79 mothers (6...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215256/the-association-between-chronotype-and-sleep-problems-in-preschool-children
#2
Nur K Jafar, Elaine K H Tham, Derric Z H Eng, Daniel Y T Goh, Oon-Hoe Teoh, Yung S Lee, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Fabian Yap, Yap Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Joshua J Gooley, Birit F P Broekman
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and adults who are evening-types exhibit shorter sleep duration and more sleep problems than individuals with an earlier chronotype. We hypothesized that already at a preschool age, evening-types would exhibit more sleep problems relative to children who are morning or intermediate chronotypes. The aim of this study was to examine the association between chronotype and sleep problems among preschool children. METHODS: We studied a subset of typically-developing 4...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213671/exome-analysis-of-smith-magenis-like-syndrome-cohort-identifies-de-novo-likely-pathogenic-variants
#3
Seth I Berger, Carla Ciccone, Karen L Simon, May Christine Malicdan, Thierry Vilboux, Charles Billington, Roxanne Fischer, Wendy J Introne, Andrea Gropman, Jan K Blancato, James C Mullikin, William A Gahl, Marjan Huizing, Ann C M Smith
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS), a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by dysmorphic features, intellectual disability (ID), and sleep disturbances, results from a 17p11.2 microdeletion or a mutation in the RAI1 gene. We performed exome sequencing on 6 patients with SMS-like phenotypes but without chromosomal abnormalities or RAI1 variants. We identified pathogenic de novo variants in two cases, a nonsense variant in IQSEC2 and a missense variant in the SAND domain of DEAF1, and candidate de novo missense variants in an additional two cases...
February 17, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186930/protective-factors-for-child-development-at-age-2-in-the-presence-of-poor-maternal-mental-health-results-from-the-all-our-babies-aob-pregnancy-cohort
#4
Sheila W McDonald, Heather L Kehler, Suzanne C Tough
OBJECTIVE: To identify the combination of factors most protective of developmental delay at age 2 among children exposed to poor maternal mental health. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Pregnant women were recruited from primary healthcare offices, the public health laboratory service and community posters in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 1596 mother-child dyads who participated in the All Our Babies study and who completed a follow-up questionnaire when their child was 2 years old...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176775/investigating-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-macronutrient-intake-in-women-of-childbearing-age
#5
C J Bennett, H Truby, Z Zia, S W Cain, M L Blumfield
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Reduced sleep is a strong and independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Maternal obesity preconception and throughout gestation can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and impact on offspring health in later life. This study investigated the relationship between sleeping behaviour and macronutrient intake in childbearing aged women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health 1973-78 cohort, aged 31-36 years in 2009 (n=8200)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162972/novel-strategies-to-prevent-stillbirth
#6
REVIEW
Jane Warland, Edwin A Mitchell, Louise M O'Brien
This article reviews three new and emerging risk factors for stillbirth that may be modifiable or might identify a compromised fetus. We focus on fetal movements, maternal sleep, and maternal diet. Recent studies have suggested than a sudden increase in vigorous fetal activity may be associated with increased risk of stillbirth. We review the papers that have reported this finding and discuss the implications as well as potential future directions for research. There is emerging literature to suggest that maternal sleep position may be a risk for stillbirth, especially if the woman settles to sleep supine...
February 2, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153216/maternal-and-paternal-sleep-during-pregnancy-in-the-child-sleep-birth%C3%A2-cohort
#7
E Juulia Paavonen, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Pirjo Pölkki, Anneli Kylliäinen, Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen, Tiina Paunio
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Maternal and paternal sleep insufficiency during pregnancy appears to be a risk factor for health and wellbeing in young families. Here, we evaluated the prevalence of sleep insufficiency and symptoms of insomnia during pregnancy (at 32nd pregnancy week) and their relationship to depression, anxiety and environmental stress. METHODS: The study is based on a population based sample from Finland consisting of 1667 mothers and 1498 fathers from the Child-sleep birth cohort...
January 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150266/-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-pregnancy-related-sleep-disturbances
#8
Hsuan-Man Hung, Hsiao-Ching Chiang
Most women experience the worse sleep quality of their life during pregnancy and the early postpartum period. Although pregnancy typically accounts for a relatively short part of a woman's life, the related sleep disturbances may have a significant and negative impact on her long-term health. Approximately 78-80% of pregnant women experience sleep disturbances, including interruptions in deep sleep, decreased total sleep time, poor subjective sleep quality, frequent night waking, and reduced sleep efficacy...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134938/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-perinatal-risk
#9
Margarita Reyes-Zúñiga, Luis Torre-Bouscoulet
Obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by total or partial interruptions of airflow during sleep, despite ongoing efforts to breathe. These pauses result from repeated upper airway obstructions that generate a systemic inflammatory condition with consequences for the endothelial function that increase the risk of cardiometabolic events. The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea during pregnancy is greater than that observed in the general population and increases in the third trimester. Although limited, the information currently available supports the notion that obstructive sleep apnea is an independent, and potentially modifiable, risk factor for maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality...
November 2016: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131073/maternal-salivary-cortisone-to-cortisol-ratio-in-late-pregnancy-an-improved-method-for-predicting-offspring-birth-weight
#10
Meredith Wilson, Zaneta Thayer
Overexposure to maternal cortisol in utero has been associated with lower birth weight of offspring. In order to regulate fetal exposure to this hormone, placental expression of 11-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-2, an enzyme that converts active cortisol to inactive cortisone, increases across pregnancy. Because of this increase in 11-βHSD2 activity, measuring maternal cortisol in isolation may not reflect actual fetal exposure to the hormone. Previous work by Hellgren et al. (2016) has shown that maternal serum cortisone:cortisol ratio was a better predictor of offspring birth weight than cortisol measured in isolation...
January 12, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125932/brief-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-children-and-adolescents-with-persistent-post-concussive-symptoms-a-pilot-study
#11
Kelly A McNally, Kristina E Patrick, Jacob E LaFleur, Jana B Dykstra, Kerry Monahan, Kristen R Hoskinson
This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of a brief cognitive behavioral intervention program for children and adolescents experiencing persistent post-concussion symptoms. A total of 31 patients aged 10 to 18 years participated in the intervention. The median time since injury at treatment onset was 95 days though the range was large (23-720 days). Treatment was on average four sessions in duration. Sessions included concussion education, activity scheduling, sleep hygiene relaxation training, and cognitive restructuring...
January 26, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117919/influence-of-maternal-psychological-traits-on-sleep-bruxism-in-children
#12
Marilia Leão Goettems, Victorio Poletto-Neto, Ayah Qassem Shqair, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flavio Fernando Demarco
BACKGROUND: Sleep bruxism (SB) is a sleep disorder with high incidence in toddlers and may perpetuate to adulthood. The multifactorial etiology of bruxism includes pathophysiologic and psychological factors. AIM: To investigate the relationship between depression, stressful events, and the presence of symptoms of anxiety and depression with SB in children of adolescent mothers. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study nested in a cohort evaluated a sample of 536 mothers and their children aged 24-36 months...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117135/sleep-regulation-physiology-and-development-sleep-duration-and-patterns-and-sleep-hygiene-in-infants-toddlers-and-preschool-age-children
#13
Eleanor Bathory, Suzy Tomopoulos
Sleep problems are common, reported by a quarter of parents with children under the age of 5 years, and have been associated with poor behavior, worse school performance, and obesity, in addition to negative secondary effects on maternal and family well-being. Yet, it has been shown that pediatricians do not adequately address sleep in routine well-child visits, and underdiagnose sleep issues. Pediatricians receive little formal training in medical school or in residency regarding sleep medicine. An understanding of the physiology of sleep is critical to a pediatrician׳s ability to effectively and confidently counsel patients about sleep...
January 20, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103894/impacts-of-caring-for-a-child-with-the-cdkl5-disorder-on-parental-wellbeing-and-family-quality-of-life
#14
Yuka Mori, Jenny Downs, Kingsley Wong, Barbara Anderson, Amy Epstein, Helen Leonard
BACKGROUND: Although research in this area remains sparse, raising a child with some genetic disorders has been shown to adversely impact maternal health and family quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate such impacts in families with a child with the CDKL5 disorder, a newly recognised genetic disorder causing severe neurodevelopmental impairments and refractory epilepsy. METHODS: Data were sourced from the International CDKL5 Disorder Database to which 192 families with a child with a pathogenic CDKL5 mutation had provided data by January 2016...
January 19, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103130/serum-progesterone-levels-in-pregnant-women-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-case-control-study
#15
Jennifer Lee, Elizabeth E Eklund, Geralyn Lambert-Messerlian, Glenn E Palomaki, Kristen Butterfield, Patrizia Curran, Ghada Bourjeily
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a risk factor for sleep disordered breathing, including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Progesterone, one of the key hormones in pregnancy, a known respiratory drive stimulant, increases ventilation and may protect against OSA. We aimed to examine the relationship between circulating progesterone and OSA, after accounting for body weight and gestational age. METHODS: A case control study was conducted of pregnant women with OSA and those at low risk for the disorder...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099477/chronic-maternal-low-protein-diet-in-mice-affects-anxiety-night-time-energy-expenditure-and-sleep-patterns-but-not-circadian-rhythm-in-male-offspring
#16
Randy F Crossland, Alfred Balasa, Rajesh Ramakrishnan, Sangeetha K Mahadevan, Marta L Fiorotto, Ignatia B Van den Veyver
Offspring of murine dams chronically fed a protein-restricted diet have an increased risk for metabolic and neurobehavioral disorders. Previously we showed that adult offspring, developmentally exposed to a chronic maternal low-protein (MLP) diet, had lower body and hind-leg muscle weights and decreased liver enzyme serum levels. We conducted energy expenditure, neurobehavioral and circadian rhythm assays in male offspring to examine mechanisms for the body-weight phenotype and assess neurodevelopmental implications of MLP exposure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066952/fatigue-depression-maternal-confidence-and-maternal-satisfaction-during-the-first-month-postpartum-a-comparison-of-japanese-mothers-by-age-and-parity
#17
Emi Mori, Miyako Tsuchiya, Kunie Maehara, Hiroko Iwata, Akiko Sakajo, Koji Tamakoshi
The aim of the study was to assess fatigue, depressive symptoms, and maternal confidence or satisfaction among older primiparae during the first month postpartum. The number of older Japanese primiparae has rapidly increased. Older primiparae are believed to be at high risk for puerperal morbidity. A multicentre prospective cohort study design was used. Data were examined from 2854 Japanese women who participated in a 6-month prospective cohort study conducted between May 2012 and September 2013. The women were classified into 4 groups based on maternal age and parity...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065256/a-newborn-infant-with-oxygen-desaturation-during-sleep
#18
Ashley Deschamp, Ameet Daftary
The patient is a 1-week-old boy born at 37+2 weeks' gestational age through spontaneous vaginal delivery. The pregnancy was complicated by maternal gestational diabetes mellitus and pre-eclampsia. The Apgar score was 9 at both 1 minute and 5 minutes after birth. Because of hypoglycemia at delivery that required IV dextrose, he was admitted to the local neonatal intensive care unit. His blood glucose levels quickly stabilized, dextrose administration was discontinued, and the patient began breast-feeding. On day 2 of life, the patient began having intermittent oxygen desaturation, with oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry down to 70% while sleeping; he was transferred to a tertiary-care NICU for further management...
January 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058505/a-randomized-controlled-trial-effects-of-a-prenatal-depression-intervention-on-perinatal-outcomes-among-chinese-high-risk-pregnant-women-with-medically-defined-complications
#19
Ying Zhao, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Shenxun Shi, Jing Wang, Jianfeng Luo
: Prenatal psychosocial health has been linked with health behaviors, maternal health, and birth outcomes. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effects of a prenatal depression intervention on birth outcomes and maternal physical and psychological status at 42 days postpartum. Three hundred fifty-two high-risk pregnant women exposed to obstetric complications with an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) ≥ 9 or a Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS) ≥ 60 were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 176) and control group (n = 176)...
January 5, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054803/cognitions-about-infant-sleep-interparental-differences-trajectories-across-the-first-year-and-coparenting-quality
#20
Jonathan M Reader, Douglas M Teti, Michael J Cleveland
This study examined mothers' and fathers' beliefs about responding to infant night wakings across the first year of life, changes in those beliefs, and how individual maternal and paternal beliefs and interparental discrepancy in beliefs about responding to infant night wakings related to parents' perceptions of coparenting quality. Participants were 167 mothers and 155 fathers who reported on their own beliefs about responding to infant night wakings and perceptions of coparenting quality when infants were 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months old...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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