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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332758/prevalence-of-physical-activity-among-adolescents-in-southern-brazil
#1
Tiago Rodrigues de Lima, Diego Augusto Santos Silva
OBJETIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of low physical activity levels and to identify related factors (sociodemographic, lifestyle and body weight status) in adolescents. METHODS: The study included 1103 students aged 14-19 years from city of São José/SC, Brazil. Physical activity was assessed using a questionnaire that classified adolescents into those who meet recommendations and those who do not meet recommendations. Independent variables were gender, age, monthly household income, maternal education, balanced diet, number of physical education classes, sleep/day, tobacco use, excessive alcohol use, screen time and weight status...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325544/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-wheezing-illnesses-of-children-aged-three-to-five-years-living-in-under-served-settlements-of-the-colombo-municipal-council-in-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Ruwanika Seneviratne, Nalika S Gunawardena
BACKGROUND: A rising trend in Sri Lanka for asthma and wheezing illness is observed with higher morbidity in younger children and a paucity of related research. 'Under-served settlements' (USS) of Colombo Municipal Council (CMC) have poor living environments conducive to childhood wheezing. The objective was to describe the prevalence and associated factors of wheezing illnesses of three to five year old children living in low-income settlements in CMC. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 460 three to five year old children and their caregivers using cluster sampling among residents of two randomly selected USSs of CMC...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316912/the-effect-of-sleep-pattern-changes-on-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#3
Beth A Lewis, Dwenda Gjerdingen, Katie Schuver, Melissa Avery, Bess H Marcus
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that poor sleep is associated with postpartum depression; however, little is known regarding this relationship among postpartum women who are at high for postpartum depression. This study examined the relationship between changes in self-reported sleep patterns (from six weeks to seven months postpartum) and depressive symptoms at seven months postpartum among women who were at high risk for postpartum depression. METHODS: Participants (n = 122) were postpartum women who were at an increased risk for postpartum depression (personal or maternal history of depression) and had participated in a randomized exercise intervention trial...
January 9, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301586/effectiveness-of-a-psycho-educational-intervention-to-prevent-postpartum-parental-distress-and-enhance-infant-well-being-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Marjolein Missler, Roseriet Beijers, Jaap Denissen, Annemieke van Straten
BACKGROUND: The first months after birth can be challenging for parents, leading to parental distress and decreased well-being. Parents with high levels of distress are found to respond less adequately and sensitively to their infant, which in turn affects infant well-being and health. The goal of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a psycho-educational intervention to prevent postpartum parental distress and enhance the quality of caregiving and infant well-being. In contrast to other interventions, this intervention will be (1) offered already before birth, (2) offered to all parents-to-be, regardless of their risk of postpartum distress, and (3) include fathers...
January 4, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299793/bed-sharing-in-the-first-8-weeks-of-life-an-australian-study
#5
H M Cunningham, H Vally, L Bugeja
Background As the evidence continues to emerge about the relationship between sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) and the way an infant sleeps, providing consistent and evidence-informed recommendations on how best to sleep infants is an ongoing challenge. A recent case series study in the state of Victoria, Australia, identified 45.8% of sleep-related infant deaths occurred whilst bed-sharing. This study prompted the need for further exploration of infant sleeping practices, including bed-sharing, in this population...
January 3, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299712/cardiovascular-autonomic-dysfunction-in-sudden-infant-death-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Rosemary S C Horne
A failure of cardiorespiratory control mechanisms, together with an impaired arousal response from sleep, are believed to play an important role in the final event of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The 'triple risk model' describes SIDS as an event that results from the intersection of three overlapping factors: (1) a vulnerable infant, (2) a critical developmental period in homeostatic control and (3) an exogenous stressor. In an attempt to understand how the triple risk hypothesis is related to infant cardiorespiratory physiology, many researchers have examined how the known risk and protective factors for SIDS alter infant cardiovascular control during sleep...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241667/correlates-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#7
P Henriksson, H Henriksson, I Labayen, I Huybrechts, L Gracia-Marco, F B Ortega, V España-Romero, Y Manios, M González-Gross, A Marcos, L A Moreno, Á Gutiérrez, J R Ruiz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ideal cardiovascular health (iCVH) construct consists of 4 health behaviors (smoking status, body mass index, physical activity and diet) and 3 health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting glucose). A greater number of iCVH components in adolescence are related to better cardiovascular health, but little is known about the correlates of iCVH in adolescents. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine correlates of iCVH in European adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study comprised 637 European adolescents with complete iCVH data...
October 28, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230623/depression-and-anxiety-lack-of-associations-with-an-inadequate-diet-in-a-sample-of-pregnant-women-with-a-history-of-bariatric-surgery-a-multicenter-prospective-controlled-cohort-study
#8
Goele Jans, Christophe Matthys, Annick Bogaerts, Lieveke Ameye, Frank Delaere, Kristien Roelens, Anne Loccufier, Hilde Logghe, Ben De Becker, Johan Verhaeghe, Roland Devlieger
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression levels are higher in obese compared to those in normal weight pregnant women. The aims of this study are to examine anxiety and depression in pregnancy following bariatric surgery and to compare with obese pregnant controls considering the dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), folate, and vitamin B12. METHODS: Anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) and depression (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) were examined in the first (T1) and third (T3) pregnancy trimester in 54 women with bariatric surgery and 25 obese...
December 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221781/longitudinal-associations-between-sleep-and-anxiety-during-pregnancy-and-the-moderating-effect-of-resilience-using-parallel-process-latent-growth-curve-models
#9
Judith Esi van der Zwan, Wieke de Vente, Mimmi Tolvanen, Hasse Karlsson, J Marieke Buil, Hans M Koot, E Juulia Paavonen, Päivi Polo-Kantola, Anja C Huizink, Linnea Karlsson
BACKGROUND: For many women, pregnancy-related sleep disturbances and pregnancy-related anxiety change as pregnancy progresses and both are associated with lower maternal quality of life and less favorable birth outcomes. Thus, the interplay between these two problems across pregnancy is of interest. In addition, psychological resilience may explain individual differences in this association, as it may promote coping with both sleep disturbances and anxiety, and thereby reduce their mutual effects...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220862/a-descriptive-analysis-of-sleep-and-wakefulness-states-during-maternal-behaviors-in-postpartum-rats
#10
L Benedetto, M Rivas, M Pereira, A Ferreira, P Torterolo
Mother rats spend most of their time nursing their litter during the early stages of the postpartum period, only occasionally leaving the nest. The suckling stimulus from the pups elicits the adoption of nursing postures, during which milk ejection occurs, an event associated with the occurrence of non-REM (NREM) sleep in the rat. Despite this evidence, the characteristics of sleep during different nursing postures along the postpartum period remain unknown. The present study aims to describe the sleep pattern of mother rats while nursing, hovering over their pups and when being away from the pups...
September 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219073/proportion-of-infants-meeting-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-data-from-the-melbourne-infant-program
#11
Kylie D Hesketh, Katherine L Downing, Karen Campbell, David Crawford, Jo Salmon, Jill A Hnatiuk
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the movement behaviours of infants, despite evidence that these are important for development. The release of new Australian 24-hour Movement Guidelines provides an opportunity to document the current state of movement behaviours in infants relative to these guidelines. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of 4 month old Australian infants meeting the 24-hour Movement Guidelines, individually, and in combination, and to describe associations with individual characteristics...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216607/frequency-of-risk-factors-and-coexisting-abnormalities-in-a-population-of-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Nagwa Abdel Meguid, Neveen Hassan Nashaat, Heba S Hashem, Mai M Khalil
BACKGROUND: Many risk factors interact together during the critical period of development and govern the future phenotype of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Furthermore, co-occurring abnormalities among individuals with ASD vary a lot so as their abilities. AIM OF WORK: To investigate possible risk factors and to determine the prevalence of coexisting abnormalities in a sample of Egyptian ASD children and their influence on the severity and their communication performance...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202779/correlates-of-poor-mental-health-in-early-pregnancy-in-obese-european-women
#13
Matteo C Sattler, Judith G M Jelsma, Annick Bogaerts, David Simmons, Gernot Desoye, Rosa Corcoy, Juan M Adelantado, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Jürgen Harreiter, Frans A van Assche, Roland Devlieger, Goele Jans, Sander Galjaard, David Hill, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Ewa Wender-Ozegowska, Agnieszka Zawiejska, Kinga Blumska, Annunziata Lapolla, Maria G Dalfrà, Alessandra Bertolotto, Fidelma Dunne, Dorte M Jensen, Lise Lotte T Andersen, Frank J Snoek, Mireille N M van Poppel
BACKGROUND: Depression during pregnancy is associated with higher maternal morbidity and mortality, and subsequent possible adverse effects on the cognitive, emotional and behavioral development of the child. The aim of the study was to identify maternal characteristics associated with poor mental health, in a group of overweight/obese pregnant women in nine European countries, and thus, to contribute to better recognition and intervention for maternal depression. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational study, baseline data from early pregnancy (< 20 weeks) of the DALI (Vitamin D and Lifestyle Intervention for gestational diabetes mellitus prevention) study were analyzed...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177069/differences-in-early-risk-factors-for-obesity-between-african-american-formula-fed-infants-and-white-breastfed-controls
#14
Paige K Berger, Justin A Lavner, Jessica J Smith, Leann L Birch
Background: Previous RCTs to prevent early rapid weight gain were conducted in predominantly White, well-educated, middle-income mother-infants at low risk for obesity. To inform the design of an RCT in a higher-risk sample, we conducted a short-term, longitudinal study to compare maternal feeding beliefs and behaviors, infant sleep, intake, and growth of African American formula feeding (AAFF) dyads to a comparison sample of White breastfeeding (WBF) dyads. We also assessed the feasibility of recruiting and retaining AAFF participants...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174411/gestational-intermittent-hypoxia-increases-susceptibility-to-neuroinflammation-and-alters-respiratory-motor-control-in-neonatal-rats
#15
REVIEW
Stephen M Johnson, Karanbir S Randhawa, Jenna J Epstein, Ellen Gustafson, Austin D Hocker, Adrianne G Huxtable, Tracy L Baker, Jyoti J Watters
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during pregnancy are growing health concerns because these conditions are associated with adverse outcomes for newborn infants. SDB/OSA during pregnancy exposes the mother and the fetus to intermittent hypoxia. Direct exposure of adults and neonates to IH causes neuroinflammation and neuronal apoptosis, and exposure to IH during gestation (GIH) causes long-term deficits in offspring respiratory function. However, the role of neuroinflammation in CNS respiratory control centers of GIH offspring has not been investigated...
November 22, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174305/perinatal-hypothyroidism-increases-play-behaviors-in-juvenile-rats
#16
Spencer G Smith, Katharine V Northcutt
Thyroid hormones play an instrumental role in the development of the central nervous system. During early development, the fetus is dependent on maternal thyroid hormone production due to the dysfunction of its own thyroid gland. Thus, maternal thyroid dysfunction has been shown to elicit significant abnormalities in neural development, neurochemistry, and behavior in offspring. Previous reports have suggested that human maternal hypothyroidism may increase the chances of having children with autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder...
November 21, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168298/biallelic-mutations-in-nalcn-expanding-the-genotypic-and-phenotypic-spectra-of-ihprf1
#17
Toshiki Takenouchi, Mie Inaba, Tomoko Uehara, Takao Takahashi, Kenjiro Kosaki, Seiji Mizuno
Loss-of function mutations in NALCN on chromosome 13q, a sodium leak channel that maintains baseline neuronal excitability, cause infantile hypotonia with psychomotor retardation and characteristic faces 1 (IHPRF1, OMIM #615419). Here, we document two individuals with early onset hypotonia with poor feeding and intellectual disability who were compatible with a diagnosis of IHPRF1. The two patients had bi-allelic mutations in NALCN through two different genetic mechanisms: Patient 1 had bi-allelic splice site mutations, that is c...
November 23, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156933/-prevention-of-obesity-from-perinatal-stage
#18
Rosa Mª Martínez García, Ana Isabel Jiménez Ortega, Heldry González Torres, Rosa María Ortega
Obesity is one of the major health problems and a determining factor in the prevalence of diseases such as metabolic syndrome, asthma, sleep apnea, infertility and various types of cancer. Its origin is multifactorial, involving genetic, socioeconomic and environmental factors. These last ones contribute mostly to explain the current epidemic growth of this disease. The sedentary lifestyle, inadequate diet, lack of sleep, alterations in intestinal microbiota and stress are factors related to its development...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152887/association-between-maternal-sleep-practices-and-late-stillbirth-findings-from-a-stillbirth-case-control-study
#19
Aep Heazell, M Li, J Budd, Jmd Thompson, T Stacey, R S Cronin, B Martin, D Roberts, E A Mitchell, Lme McCowan
OBJECTIVE: To report maternal sleep practices in women who experienced a stillbirth compared with controls with ongoing live pregnancies at similar gestation. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. SETTING: Forty-one maternity units in the United Kingdom. POPULATION: Women who had a stillbirth after ≥ 28 weeks' gestation (n = 291) and women with an ongoing pregnancy at the time of interview (n = 733). METHODS: Data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire that included questions on maternal sleep practices before pregnancy, in the four weeks prior to, and on the night before the interview/stillbirth...
November 20, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149621/the-risk-factors-related-to-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xiaohong Niu, Hui Wang, Weihan Yang, Jie Qiu, Lan Yang
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was performed to determine the risk factors related to bruxism in children. DESIGN: This systematic review was conducted with reporting in agreement to the PRISMA statement and according to guidelines from the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We conducted a systematic search of seven online databases, with the last search updated on 1st October 2016. The seven databases were Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, CNKI, CBM, and WF...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
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