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Maternal sleep

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781634/household-chaos-and-family-sleep-during-infants-first-year
#1
Corey J Whitesell, Brian Crosby, Thomas F Anders, Douglas M Teti
Household chaos has been linked with dysregulated family and individual processes. The present study investigated linkages between household chaos and infant and parent sleep, a self-regulated process impacted by individual, social, and environmental factors. Studies of relations between household chaos and child sleep have focused on older children and teenagers, with little attention given to infants or parent sleep. This study examines these relationships using objective measures of household chaos and sleep while controlling for, respectively, maternal emotional availability at bedtime and martial adjustment, in infant and parent sleep...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775993/postnatal-psychosocial-assessment-and-clinical-decision-making-a-descriptive-study
#2
Deborah Sims, Cathrine Fowler
AIM: The aim of this study is to describe experienced child and family health nurses' clinical decision-making during a postnatal psychosocial assessment. BACKGROUND: Maternal emotional wellbeing in the postnatal year optimises parenting and promotes infant development. Psychosocial assessment potentially enables early intervention and reduces the risk of a mental disorder occurring during this time of change. Assessment accuracy, and the interventions used are determined by the standard of nursing decision-making...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774708/-communicating-data-of-the-italian-ninfea-birth-cohort
#3
Lorenzo Richiardi, Maja Popovic, Daniela Zugna, Franca Rusconi, Franco Merletti, Costanza Pizzi
"In March 2016, the website of the NINFEA project (an Internet-based cohort set up to investigate the effects of exposures acting early in life) was enriched with the section «Data», which reports aggregated data for selected variables of the cohort. This article discusses the rationale for this new section, available data and their possible uses are described, and some results are compared with figures accessible from surveillance studies. The Italian birth cohort NINFEA includes 7,500 pregnant women, recruited through the Internet from 2005 to June 2016, and of their children, followed up with repeated questionnaires...
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773219/an-open-trial-of-bedtime-fading-for-sleep-disturbances-in-preschool-children-a-parent-group-education-approach
#4
Michele R Cooney, Michelle A Short, Michael Gradisar
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of bedtime fading to reduce sleep disturbances in preschool aged children by using a group parent education format. DESIGN: A repeated-measures design (pretreatment, treatment, post-treatment and two year follow-up). SETTING: Flinders University Child and Adolescent Sleep Clinic, Adelaide, South Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Participants comprised 21 children (M age = 3.0 ± 0...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773207/poor-sleep-during-early-pregnancy-increases-subsequent-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Chunrong Zhong, Renjuan Chen, Xuezhen Zhou, Shangzhi Xu, Qian Li, Wenli Cui, Weiye Wang, Xiating Li, Jiangyue Wu, Chaoqun Liu, Mei Xiao, Guoqiang Sun, Xuefeng Yang, Liping Hao, Nianhong Yang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between poor sleep quality during pregnancy and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A total of 4066 singleton pregnant women from the Tongji Maternal and Child Health Cohort (TMCHC) without overt diabetes before pregnancy were analyzed. Sleep quality and duration during early pregnancy were self-reported by enrolled women at their first antenatal care visit before 16 weeks of gestation. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was assessed with a 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks of gestation...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772936/the-effect-of-supine-positioning-on-maternal-hemodynamics-during-late-pregnancy
#6
Aimee Humphries, S Ali Mirjalili, Gregory P Tarr, John M D Thompson, Peter Stone
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have demonstrated an association between maternal supine sleep position and an increased risk of late stillbirth. During late pregnancy the gravid uterus compresses the inferior vena cava when a woman lies in the supine position. The azygos system of veins is the dominant pathway of collateral venous return back to the heart in the event of acute obstruction of the inferior vena cava. It is suggested that this pathway provides adequate collateral venous circulation in the event of inferior vena caval compression in the supine position during late pregnancy...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751412/gender-difference-in-the-effects-of-lead-exposure-at-different-time-windows-on-neurobehavioral-development-in-5-year-old-children
#7
Hyunjoo Joo, Jong Hyuk Choi, Eunae Burm, Hyesook Park, Yun-Chul Hong, Yangho Kim, Eun-Hee Ha, Yeni Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Mina Ha
BACKGROUND: Although the association between lead exposure and children's neurodevelopment has been studied, gender differences remain to be investigated. We examined the effects of lead exposure on the neurobehavioral development of 5-year-old children to identify the vulnerable time window of exposure and potential gender difference. METHOD: A total of 1751 pregnant women and children participated in the prospective birth cohort study, Mothers and Children's Environmental Health study, since 2006...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748737/psychosocial-risks-for-constipation-and-soiling-in-primary-school-children
#8
Carol Joinson, Mariusz T Grzeda, Alexander von Gontard, Jon Heron
To examine prospective associations between psychosocial problems and childhood constipation and soiling. We used latent classes of constipation and soiling ('constipation alone', 'soiling alone', 'constipation with soiling') extracted from longitudinal maternally reported data on constipation (4-10 years) and soiling (4-9 years) from 8435 children (4353 males, 4082 females) from the ALSPAC cohort. We examined the association between maternally reported psychosocial problems at 2-3 years (difficult temperament, behaviour/emotional problems, temper tantrums, behavioural sleep problems and stressful events) and the latent classes using multinomial logistic regression adjusted for a range of confounders relating to the child and family (reference category = normative latent class with very low probability of constipation/soiling)...
May 10, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745793/extreme-pregnancy-maternal-physical-activity-at-everest-base-camp
#9
Margie H Davenport, Craig D Steinback, Kennedy J Borle, Brittany A Matenchuk, Emily R Vanden Berg, Emily M de Freitas, Andrea M Linares, Ken D O'Halloran, Mingma T Sherpa, Trevor A Day
High altitude natives employ numerous physiological strategies to survive and reproduce. However, the concomitant influence of altitude and physical activity during pregnancy has not been studied above 3,700m. We report a case of physical activity, sleep behavior and physiological measurements on a 28-year-old third-trimester pregnant native highlander (Sherpa) during ascent from 3440m to Everest base camp (~5,300m) over eight days in the Nepal Himalaya, and again ~10-months postpartum during a similar ascent profile...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722084/the-effects-of-maternal-risk-factors-during-pregnancy-on-the-onset-of-sleep-difficulties-in-infants-at-3-months-old
#10
Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Anneli Kylliäinen, Pirjo Pölkki, Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen, Tiina Paunio, E Juulia Paavonen
Sleep problems in young children are among the most common concerns reported to paediatricians. Sleep is thought to have important regulatory functions, and sleep difficulties in early childhood are linked to several psychosocial and physiological problems. Moreover, several prenatal factors have been found to influence infants' sleep. Among them, most of the studies have been focused on maternal prenatal depression and/or anxiety as potential risk factors for sleep problems in childhood, whereas other relevant psychological factors during pregnancy have not received as much attention...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700867/characteristics-and-service-needs-of-women-and-babies-admitted-to-residential-parenting-units-in-new-south-wales-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Holly Priddis, Charlene Thornton, Cathrine Fowler, Virginia Schmied, Jane Tooher, Marie Dickinson, Hannah Grace Dahlen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the characteristics and service needs of women and babies admitted to Residential Parenting Services (RPS) in the first year following birth in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. BACKGROUND: In Australia there is a tiered system to support maternal, child and family health, which includes residential parenting services (RPS). DESIGN: Sequential explanatory mixed methods design. METHODS: Individual patient data were obtained from a random review of 10% of all medical records (n = 300 of 3011 admissions) of women with an infant of less than 12 months of age who were admitted to RPS in 2013...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696995/the-significance-of-supportive-and-undermining-elements-in-the-maternal-representations-of-an-unborn-baby
#12
E Rusanen, A R Lahikainen, P Pölkki, O Saarenpää-Heikkilä, E J Paavonen
OBJECTIVE: The maternal representations of an unborn baby begin to develop during pregnancy. However, the factors that moderate them are not well identified. The objective of this study was to jointly explore supportive and undermining factors in the maternal representations of an unborn baby and motherhood. METHODS: Cross-sectional data comprising 1646 women studied during the third trimester of pregnancy. Maternal expectations were measured using a 12-item self-report questionnaire, Mother's Representations about an Unborn Baby...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681194/exposure-to-different-intrauterine-environments-implications-for-telomere-attrition-in-early-life
#13
Isabel Cristina Ribas Werlang, Monique Cabral Hahn, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Martha Nast, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Mariana Bohns Michalowski
OBJECTIVE: Studies focusing on telomere attrition in newborns and what factors could be involved in this issue are sparse; most reports have been in adult populations. Thereby, the aim of this study was to present an overview of what is currently known about the relationship between environmental exposure of the fetus during pregnancy and telomere length outcomes in early life. METHODS: The MEDLINE (via PubMed) and Bireme databases were searched for studies published until 1 June, 2016...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672598/long-qt-molecular-autopsy-in-sudden-unexplained-death-in-the-young-1-40-years-old-lessons-learnt-from-an-eight-year-experience-in-new-zealand
#14
Luciana Marcondes, Jackie Crawford, Nikki Earle, Warren Smith, Ian Hayes, Paul Morrow, Tom Donoghue, Amanda Graham, Donald Love, Jonathan R Skinner
BACKGROUND: To review long QT syndrome molecular autopsy results in sudden unexplained death in young (SUDY) between 2006 and 2013 in New Zealand. METHODS: Audit of the LQTS molecular autopsy results, cardiac investigations and family screening data from gene-positive families. RESULTS: During the study period, 365 SUDY cases were referred for molecular autopsy. 128 cases (35%) underwent LQTS genetic testing. 31 likely pathogenic variants were identified in 27 cases (21%); SCN5A (14/31, 45%), KCNH2 (7/31, 22%), KCNQ1 (4/31, 13%), KCNE2 (3/31, 10%), KCNE1 (2/31, 7%), KCNJ2 (1/31, 3%)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665879/maternal-anxiety-depression-and-sleep-disorders-before-and-during-pregnancy-and-preschool-adhd-symptoms-in-the-ninfea-birth-cohort-study
#15
L Vizzini, M Popovic, D Zugna, B Vitiello, M Trevisan, C Pizzi, F Rusconi, L Gagliardi, F Merletti, L Richiardi
AIMS: Maternal mental disorders have been associated with the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Within the context of a mother-child cohort, we examined whether maternal anxiety, depression and sleep disorders are associated with pre-school ADHD symptoms. METHODS: The study included 3634 singletons from the Italian NINFEA (Nascita e INFanzia: gli Effetti dell'Ambiente') cohort. Maternal doctor-diagnosed anxiety, depression and sleep disorders before and during pregnancy were assessed from the questionnaires completed during pregnancy and 6 months after delivery...
April 18, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660576/built-spaces-and-features-associated-with-user-satisfaction-in-maternity-waiting-homes-in-malawi
#16
Nathalie McIntosh, Patricia Gruits, Eva Oppel, Amie Shao
OBJECTIVE: To assess satisfaction with maternity waiting home built spaces and features in women who are at risk for underutilizing maternity waiting homes (i.e. residential facilities that temporarily house near-term pregnant mothers close to healthcare facilities that provide obstetrical care). Specifically we wanted to answer the questions: (1) Are built spaces and features associated with maternity waiting home user satisfaction? (2) Can built spaces and features designed to improve hygiene, comfort, privacy and function improve maternity waiting home user satisfaction? And (3) Which built spaces and features are most important for maternity waiting home user satisfaction? DESIGN: A cross-sectional study comparing satisfaction with standard and non-standard maternity waiting home designs...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649034/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-pregnant-women-a-review-of-pregnancy-outcomes-and-an-approach-to-management
#17
Jennifer E Dominguez, Andrew D Krystal, Ashraf S Habib
Among obese pregnant women, 15%-20% have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and this prevalence increases along with body mass index and in the presence of other comorbidities. Prepregnancy obesity and pregnancy-related weight gain are certainly risk factors for sleep-disordered breathing in pregnancy, but certain physiologic changes of pregnancy may also increase a woman's risk of developing or worsening OSA. While it has been shown that untreated OSA in postmenopausal women is associated with a range of cardiovascular, pulmonary, and metabolic comorbidities, a body of literature is emerging that suggests OSA may also have serious implications for the health of mothers and fetuses during and after pregnancy...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643161/the-collaborative-ipd-of-sleep-and-stillbirth-cribss-is-maternal-going-to-sleep-position-a-risk-factor-for-late-stillbirth-and-does-maternal-sleep-position-interact-with-fetal-vulnerability-an-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis-study-protocol
#18
Minglan Li, John M D Thompson, Robin S Cronin, Adrienne Gordon, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Alexander E P Heazell, Tomasina Stacey, Vicki Culling, Victoria Bowring, Edwin A Mitchell, Lesley M E McCowan, Lisa Askie
INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence has shown an association between maternal supine going-to-sleep position and stillbirth in late pregnancy. Advising women not to go-to-sleep on their back can potentially reduce late stillbirth rate by 9%. However, the association between maternal right-sided going-to-sleep position and stillbirth is inconsistent across studies. Furthermore, individual studies are underpowered to investigate interactions between maternal going-to-sleep position and fetal vulnerability, which is potentially important for producing clear and tailored public health messages on safe going-to-sleep position...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626584/maternal-gestational-diabetes-and-long-term-respiratory-related-hospitalizations-of-the-offspring
#19
Omri Zamstein, Eyal Sheiner, Tamar Wainstock, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
AIMS: To assess the implications of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on long-term respiratory related hospitalizations of the offspring. METHODS: A population-based cohort analysis including singleton pregnancies delivered between the years 1991 to 2014 in a tertiary referral hospital was conducted. Incidence of hospitalizations (up to age 18 years) due to various respiratory diseases was compared between offspring of GDM-complicated pregnancies and normoglycemic pregnancies...
April 4, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605713/cost-effectiveness-of-a-community-delivered-consultation-to-improve-infant-sleep-problems-and-maternal-well-being
#20
Sopany Saing, Bonny Parkinson, Jody Church, Stephen Goodall
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost effectiveness of a community-delivered consultation aimed at improving infant sleep and maternal well-being. METHODS: A decision-analytic model was developed that compared the costs and benefits of an infant sleep consultation with usual care. The effectiveness of the consultation was based on clinical evidence, and improvements in maternal quality of life were estimated by mapping the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale scores to published utility scores...
March 29, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
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