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Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111254/trauma-focused-art-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-pilot-study
#1
Karin Alice Schouten, Susan van Hooren, Jeroen W Knipscheer, Rolf J Kleber, Giel J M Hutschemaekers
Research showed that more than 30% of patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) do not benefit from evidence-based treatments: Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) or Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR). These are patients with prolonged and multiple traumatization, with poor verbal memory, and patients with emotional over-modulation. Retelling traumatic experiences in detail is poorly tolerated by these patients and might be a reason for not starting or not completing the recommended treatments...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30101041/lateral-eye-movements-increase-false-memory-rates
#2
Sanne T L Houben, Henry Otgaar, Jeffrey Roelofs, Harald Merckelbach
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a popular treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. However, little is known about the memory effects of EMDR. Using a misinformation paradigm, we examined whether lateral eye movements, as used in EMDR, enhance susceptibility to false memories. Undergraduates ( N = 82) saw a video depicting a car crash. Subsequently, participants either performed eye movements or held their eyes stationary. Afterward, all participants received misinformation in the form of an eyewitness narrative...
July 2018: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095804/development-of-emdr-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-from-an-idea-to-the-first-emdr-conference
#3
Mevludin Hasanović, Sian Morgan, Sanja Oakley, Sandi Richman, Šemsa Šabanović, Izet Pajević
INTRODUCTION: The needs for EMDR (eye movement desensitization and reprocessing) treatment of Bosnia-Herzegovina (BH) citizens, affected by 1992-1995 war, increased. The Trauma Aid UK (former Humanitarian Assistance Programs UK & Ireland) works in partnership with mental health professionals in BH. AIM: We aim to build an environment in which qualified and experienced professionals trained in EMDR may establish and sustain complete EMDR education and to keep international standards of EMDR practice...
July 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047096/eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-emdr-therapy-as-a-feasible-and-potential-effective-treatment-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-and-a-history-of-adverse-events
#4
Ella Lobregt-van Buuren, Bram Sizoo, Liesbeth Mevissen, Ad de Jongh
The study investigated whether EMDR is a feasible therapy for adults with ASD and a history of adverse events, and whether it is associated with reductions in symptoms of PTSD, psychological distress and autism. Participants received 6 to 8 weeks treatment as usual (TAU), followed by a maximum of 8 sessions EMDR added to TAU, and a follow-up of 6-8 weeks with TAU only. Results showed a significant reduction of symptoms of post-traumatic stress (IES-R: d = 1.16), psychological distress (BSI: d = 0.93) and autistic features (SRS-A: d = 0...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013726/effectiveness-of-an-intensive-treatment-programme-combining-prolonged-exposure-and-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-for-severe-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#5
C Van Woudenberg, E M Voorendonk, H Bongaerts, H A Zoet, M Verhagen, C W Lee, A van Minnen, A De Jongh
Background: There is room for improvement regarding the treatment of severe post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Intensifying treatment to increase patient retention is a promising development. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an intensive trauma-focused treatment programme over 8 days for individuals suffering from severe PTSD. Method: Treatment was provided for 347 PTSD patients (70% women; mean age = 38.32 years, SD  = 11.69) and consisted of daily sessions of prolonged exposure and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy (16 sessions in total), physical activity, and psycho-education...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988630/commentary-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-vs-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-for-treating-panic-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
COMMENT
Giampaolo Perna, Erika Sangiorgio, Massimiliano Grassi, Daniela Caldirola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962987/eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-integrative-group-treatment-protocol-emdr-igtp-applied-to-caregivers-of-patients-with-dementia
#7
Serena Passoni, Teresa Curinga, Alessio Toraldo, Manuela Berlingeri, Isabel Fernandez, Gabriella Bottini
Caregivers of patients with dementia experience high levels of stress and burden, with effects comparable to those of a traumatic event. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) appear to be effective in recovering post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We aimed at investigating the effectiveness of the Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Integrative Group Treatment Protocol (EMDR-IGTP) on the "caregiver syndrome". Forty-four primary caregivers entered the study. They were randomly assigned to either the "immediate" branch, who received the treatment soon after recruitment, or to the "delayed" branch, who received it two months after recruitment...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946275/an-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-emdr-group-intervention-for-syrian-refugees-with-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Asena Yurtsever, Emre Konuk, Tuba Akyüz, Zeynep Zat, Feryal Tükel, Mustafa Çetinkaya, Canan Savran, Elan Shapiro
The number of refugees has increased significantly over the past few years. PTSD and depression are among the most common mental health problems among refugees. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), an effective treatment for PTSD, is usually administered individually. The availability of mental health resources would be greatly enhanced when EMDR can be delivered to groups. The EMDR G-TEP is a group protocol based on Early EMDR intervention protocols. There is clinical evidence and one field study published on the effect of EMDR G-TEP and there is only one RCT published on the treatment of PTSD and depression in a refugee camp...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931688/eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-as-a-treatment-for-ptsd-current-neurobiological-theories-and-a-new-hypothesis
#9
REVIEW
Olivia G Calancie, Sarosh Khalid-Khan, Linda Booij, Douglas P Munoz
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), a form of psychotherapy for individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), has long been a controversial topic, hampered in part by a lack of understanding of the neural mechanisms that contribute to its remedial effect. Here, we review current theories describing EMDR's potential neurobiological mechanisms of action involving working memory, interhemispheric communication, de-arousal, and memory reconsolidation. We then discuss recent studies describing the temporal and spatial aspects of smooth pursuit and predictive saccades, which resemble those made during EMDR, and their neural correlates within the default mode network (DMN) and cerebellum...
June 21, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928250/the-use-of-eye-movement-desensitization-reprocessing-emdr-therapy-in-treating-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-narrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Gemma Wilson, Derek Farrell, Ian Barron, Jonathan Hutchins, Dean Whybrow, Matthew D Kiernan
Aim: There is an extensive body of research examining the efficacy of Eye-Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy in treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This systematic narrative review aimed to systematically, and narratively, review robust evidence from Randomized-Controlled Trials examining the efficacy of EMDR therapy. Method: Eight databases were searched to identify studies relevant to the study aim. Two separate systematic searches of published, peer-reviewed evidence were carried out, considering relevant studies published prior to April 2017...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894921/emergency-room-intervention-to-prevent-post-concussion-like-symptoms-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study-of-a-brief-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-intervention-versus-reassurance-or-usual-care
#11
Cédric Gil-Jardiné, Grégoire Evrard, Samantha Al Joboory, Juliane Tortes Saint Jammes, Françoise Masson, Régis Ribéreau-Gayon, Michel Galinski, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Philippe Revel, Cyril Alexandre Régis, Guillaume Valdenaire, Emmanuel Lagarde
Up to 20% of patients presenting at an emergency room (ER) after a stressful event will for several months suffer from very diverse long-lasting symptoms and a potentially significant decline in quality of life, often described as post concussion-like symptoms (PCLS). The objectives of our randomized open-label single-center study were to assess the feasibility of psychologist-led interventions in the context of the ER and to compare the effect of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) with reassurance and usual care...
August 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892320/treatment-of-a-patient-with-borderline-personality-disorder-based-on-phase-oriented-model-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-emdr-a-case-report
#12
Nahid Momeni Safarabad, Ali-Asghar Asgharnejad Farid, Banafsheh Gharraee, Mojtaba Habibi
Objective: This study aimed at reporting the effect of the 3-phase model of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing in the treatment of a patient with borderline personality disorder. Method : A 33-year-old female, who met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for borderline personality disorder, received a 20-session therapy based on the 3-phase model of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing. Borderline Personality Disorder Checklist (BPD-Checklist), Dissociative Experience Scale (DES-II), Beck Depression Inventory-II-second edition (BDI-II), and Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were filled out by the patient at all treatment phases and at the 3- month follow- up...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892240/a-non-randomized-controlled-trial-of-emdr-on-affective-symptoms-in-patients-with-glioblastoma-multiforme
#13
Monika Szpringer, Marzena Oledzka, Benedikt L Amann
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly aggressive brain cancer and its survival after diagnosis is less than 2 years. Therefore, GBM patients are especially prone to co-occurring psychological conditions such as anxiety and depressive disorders. Furthermore, aggressive medical therapies affect patients' lives, undermining their sense of meaning and coherence. The main aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy on anxiety, depression and sense of coherence in patients with GBM...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717483/neurocognitive-functioning-over-the-course-of-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-for-ptsd-changes-in-verbal-memory-and-executive-functioning
#14
Mirjam J Nijdam, Irene J M Martens, Johannes B Reitsma, Berthold P R Gersons, Miranda Olff
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have neurocognitive deficits in verbal memory and executive functioning. In this study, we examined whether memory and executive functioning changed over the course of treatment and which clinical variables were associated with change. DESIGN: Neuropsychological assessments were administered at baseline and endpoint of a randomized controlled trial as secondary outcome. METHODS: Trauma survivors (n = 88) diagnosed with PTSD received trauma-focused psychotherapy within a 17-week randomized controlled trial...
May 1, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713297/metabolic-and-electrophysiological-changes-associated-to-clinical-improvement-in-two-severely-traumatized-subjects-treated-with-emdr-a-pilot-study
#15
Marco Pagani, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Andrea Daverio, Patrizia La Porta, Leonardo Monaco, Fabiola Ferrentino, Agostino Chiaravalloti, Isabel Fernandez, Giorgio Di Lorenzo
Neuroimaging represents a powerful tool to investigate the neurobiological correlates of Eye Movements Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR). The impact of EMDR on cortical and sub-cortical brain regions has been proven by several investigations demonstrating a clear association between symptoms disappearance and changes in cortical structure and functionality. The aim of this study was to assess by electroencephalography (EEG) and for the first time by positron emission tomography (PET) the changes occurring after EMDR therapy in two cases of psychological trauma following brain concussion and comatose state due to traffic accident...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695993/the-efficacy-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-in-children-and-adults-who-have-experienced-complex-childhood-trauma-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Runsen Chen, Amy Gillespie, Yanhui Zhao, Yingjun Xi, Yanping Ren, Loyola McLean
Background: Survivors of complex childhood trauma (CT) such as sexual abuse show poorer outcomes compared to single event trauma survivors. A growing number of studies investigate Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but no systematic reviews have focused on EMDR treatment for CT as an intervention for both adults and children. This study therefore systematically reviewed all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effect of EMDR on PTSD symptoms in adults and children exposed to CT...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659106/individual-treatment-selection-for-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Anne-Katharina Deisenhofer, Jaime Delgadillo, Julian A Rubel, Jan R Böhnke, Dirk Zimmermann, Brian Schwartz, Wolfgang Lutz
BACKGROUND: Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (Tf-CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) are two highly effective treatment options for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Yet, on an individual level, PTSD patients vary substantially in treatment response. The aim of the paper is to test the application of a treatment selection method based on a personalized advantage index (PAI). METHOD: The study used clinical data for patients accessing treatment for PTSD in a primary care mental health service in the north of England...
June 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510757/correction-to-metacognitive-therapy-vs-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-superiority-trial
#18
Hans M Nordahl, Joar Øveraas Halvorsen, Odin Hjemdal, Mimoza Rrusta Ternava, Adrian Wells
TRIALS (2018) 19: 16. HTTPS://DOI.ORG/10.1186/S13063-017-2404-7: In the original publication of this article [1] the SPIRIT figure for the study protocol was not included. In this Correction Article the SPIRIT figure (Fig. 1) is published. The original publication has been updated with the SPIRIT figure.
March 6, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497580/wants-talk-psychotherapy-but-cannot-talk-emdr-for-post-stroke-depression-with-expressive-aphasia
#19
Jeffrey Guina, Cathryn Guina
While post-stroke depression (PSD) is a common sequelae of stroke, many stroke survivors also have expressive aphasia (i.e., the inability to produce spoken or written language), which limits or prevents treating depression with talk psychotherapy. Unlike most psychotherapy modalities, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) does not require extensive verbal communication to therapists, which might make EMDR an ideal treatment modality for aphasic patients with mental health concerns. The authors present the first known case reporting EMDR in aphasia, describing the treatment of a 50-year-old woman with a history of depression following a left middle cerebral artery stroke...
February 1, 2018: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487548/comparison-of-eye-movement-desensitization-reprocessing-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-as-adjunctive-treatments-for-recurrent-depression-the-european-depression-emdr-network-eden-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Luca Ostacoli, Sara Carletto, Marco Cavallo, Paula Baldomir-Gago, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Isabel Fernandez, Michael Hase, Ania Justo-Alonso, Maria Lehnung, Giuseppe Migliaretti, Francesco Oliva, Marco Pagani, Susana Recarey-Eiris, Riccardo Torta, Visal Tumani, Ana I Gonzalez-Vazquez, Arne Hofmann
Background: Treatment of recurrent depressive disorders is currently only moderately successful. Increasing evidence suggests a significant relationship between adverse childhood experiences and recurrent depressive disorders, suggesting that trauma-based interventions could be useful for these patients. Objectives: To investigate the efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing therapy (EMDR) in addition to antidepressant medication (ADM) in treating recurrent depression. Design: A non-inferiority, single-blind, randomized clinical controlled trial comparing EMDR or CBT as adjunctive treatments to ADM...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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