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Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing

Marie Furuta, Antje Horsch, Edmond S W Ng, Debra Bick, Debbie Spain, Jacqueline Sin
Background: Approximately 3% of women in community samples develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth. Higher prevalence rates are reported for high risk samples. Postpartum PTSD can adversely affect women's wellbeing, mother-infant relationships and child development. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of trauma-focused psychological interventions (TFPT), for postnatal women. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis including all clinical trials which reported post-traumatic stress symptoms for both the intervention and control groups or at least two time-points, pre- and post-intervention...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Maya G Meentken, Ingrid M van Beynum, Elisabeth W C Aendekerk, Jeroen S Legerstee, Hanan El Marroun, Jan van der Ende, Ramón J L Lindauer, Manon H J Hillegers, Henriette A Moll, Wim A Helbing, Elisabeth M W J Utens
Background : Three in every 10 children and adolescents admitted to a hospital or undergoing medical treatment develop subthreshold symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). When untreated, subthreshold PTSD can have a serious impact on psychosocial functioning, quality of life and long-term psychopathology. However, research investigating subthreshold PTSD and its treatment following paediatric medical interventions and/or hospitalization is scarce. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a fast and non-invasive psychosocial treatment for posttraumatic stress complaints...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Hwallip Bae, Daeho Kim, Yubin Cho, Dongjoo Kim, Seok Hyeon Kim
This study examined the add-on efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy among adult civilians with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who continued to be symptomatic after more than 12 weeks of initial antidepressant treatment. Scores for the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) were rated pre- and post-EMDR and at a 6-month follow-up. After an average of six sessions of EMDR treatment, seven of 14 patients (50%) showed more than a 30% decrease in CAPS score and eight (57%) no longer met the criteria for PTSD...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Ali M Khan, Sabrina Dar, Rizwan Ahmed, Ramya Bachu, Mahwish Adnan, Vijaya Padma Kotapati
Background Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent in children, adolescents and adults. It can occur alone or in comorbidity with other disorders. A broad range of psychotherapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) have been developed for the treatment of PTSD. Aim Through quantitative meta-analysis, we aimed to compare the efficacy of CBT and EMDR: (i) relieving the post-traumatic symptoms, and (ii) alleviating anxiety and depression, in patients with PTSD...
September 4, 2018: Curēus
Ferdinand Horst, Brenda Den Oudsten, Wobbe Zijlstra, Ad de Jongh, Jill Lobbestael, Jolanda De Vries
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Paul William Miller, Iain William McGowan, Uri Bergmann, Derek Farrell, Derek Francis McLaughlin
EMDR therapy is recommended in several guidelines in the International field of psychological trauma. The dual attention stimuli/alternating bilateral stimulation (DAS/ABS) element of EMDR therapy has no proposed mechanism of action agreed upon, which explains the rapid shifts in cognitions and dysfunctional traumatic memory networks that are central to its observable efficacy. This paper discusses an innate, biological mechanism found in biological systems, including the human nervous system that may explain the efficacy of DAS/ABS...
December 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Nasrin Ghanbari Nia, Ardashir Afrasiabifar, Mohammad Behnammoghadam
Objective: Previous studies reported the reduction of pain following eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) and guided imagery; however, the effectiveness of these modalities was not compared. The current study aimed to compare the effects of EMDR and guided imagery on pain severity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Material and methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 75 patients were selected using non-random method, and then allocated into two intervention groups and one control group...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Anne A Cuperus, Maarten Laken, Kevin van Schie, Iris M Engelhard, Marcel A van den Hout
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Several treatments are effective in reducing symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. We tested the effectiveness of an experimental intervention that consists of elements from two of these: virtual reality (VR) exposure therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing. The latter is characterized by a dual-task approach: the patient holds a traumatic memory in mind while simultaneously making voluntary eye movements, resulting in reduced vividness and emotionality of the traumatic memory...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Cédric Gil-Jardiné, Samantha Al Joboory, Juliane Tortes Saint Jammes, Guillaume Durand, Régis Ribéreau-Gayon, Michel Galinski, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Philippe Revel, Cyril Alexandre Régis, Guillaume Valdenaire, Emmanuel Poulet, Karim Tazarourte, Emmanuel Lagarde
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that 10-20% of injury patients will suffer for several months after the event from diverse symptoms, generally referred to as post-concussion-like symptoms (PCLS), which will lead to a decline in quality of life. A preliminary randomized control trial suggested that this condition may be induced by the stress experienced during the event or emergency room (ER) stay and can be prevented in up to 75% of patients with a single, early, short eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) psychotherapeutic session delivered in the ER...
October 12, 2018: Trials
Marian Rikkert, Yanda van Rood, Carlijn de Roos, Julia Ratter, Marcel van den Hout
Background: While normal tinnitus is a short-term sensation of limited duration, in 10-15% of the general population it develops into a chronic condition. For 3-6% it seriously interferes with many aspects of life. Objective: The aim of this trial was to assess effectiveness of a trauma-focused approach, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), in reducing tinnitus distress. Methods: The sample consisted of 35 adults with high levels of chronic tinnitus distress from five general hospitals in the Netherlands...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Alişan Burak Yaşar, Seda Kiraz, Dilara Usta, Ayşe Enise Abamor, Meliha Zengin Eroğlu, Önder Kavakcı
Being exposed to traumatic experiences is rather common in patients with schizophrenia. Adverse experiences may induce the onset of psychotic symptoms or trigger current symptoms to be exacerbated. Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) is an effective therapy in the treatment of incidences with underlying traumatic experiences, there by it can be conducted on various cases in addition to other treatments such as psycho-medication or another therapy method. It was developed by Shapiro in 1980s. Although desensitization is widely applied on patients with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, it is unusual for EMDR therapy to be safely and effectively performed in the treatment of psychotic disorder sor symptoms...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
Chaoguang Wang, Gino Yu
BACKGROUND: All eye movements are related in one way or another to our mental processes with lateral eye movements being associated with the different hemispheres of the brain. Eye movement techniques form the basis of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy, wherein forced eye movements activate neurological pathways to treat the subject. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to examine the relationship between players' eye movements and their brain wave activities using a video game...
September 13, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
Michael Hase, Jens Plagge, Adrian Hase, Roger Braas, Luca Ostacoli, Arne Hofmann, Christian Huchzermeier
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a well-established treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder. Recent research suggested that it may be effective in treating depressive disorders as well. The present study is part of a multicenter randomized-controlled trial, the EDEN study, in which a homogenous group of 30 patients was treated to test whether EMDR plus treatment as usual (TAU) would achieve superior results compared to TAU only in a psychosomatic-psychotherapeutic inpatient treatment setting...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Ramon Landin-Romero, Ana Moreno-Alcazar, Marco Pagani, Benedikt L Amann
Background: Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing [EMDR] is an innovative, evidence-based and effective psychotherapy for post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD]. As with other psychotherapies, the effectiveness of EMDR contrasts with a limited knowledge of its underlying mechanism of action. In its relatively short life as a therapeutic option, EMDR has not been without controversy, in particular regarding the role of the bilateral stimulation as an active component of the therapy. The high prevalence of EMDR in clinical practice and the dramatic increase in EMDR research in recent years, with more than 26 randomized controlled trials published to date, highlight the need for a better understanding of its mechanism of action...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Karin Alice Schouten, Susan van Hooren, Jeroen W Knipscheer, Rolf J Kleber, Giel J M Hutschemaekers
Research showed that more than 30% of patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) do not benefit from evidence-based treatments: Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) or Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR). These are patients with prolonged and multiple traumatization, with poor verbal memory, and patients with emotional over-modulation. Retelling traumatic experiences in detail is poorly tolerated by these patients and might be a reason for not starting or not completing the recommended treatments...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Sanne T L Houben, Henry Otgaar, Jeffrey Roelofs, Harald Merckelbach
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a popular treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. However, little is known about the memory effects of EMDR. Using a misinformation paradigm, we examined whether lateral eye movements, as used in EMDR, enhance susceptibility to false memories. Undergraduates ( N = 82) saw a video depicting a car crash. Subsequently, participants either performed eye movements or held their eyes stationary. Afterward, all participants received misinformation in the form of an eyewitness narrative...
July 2018: Clinical Psychological Science
Mevludin Hasanović, Sian Morgan, Sanja Oakley, Sandi Richman, Šemsa Šabanović, Izet Pajević
INTRODUCTION: The needs for EMDR (eye movement desensitization and reprocessing) treatment of Bosnia-Herzegovina (BH) citizens, affected by 1992-1995 war, increased. The Trauma Aid UK (former Humanitarian Assistance Programs UK & Ireland) works in partnership with mental health professionals in BH. AIM: We aim to build an environment in which qualified and experienced professionals trained in EMDR may establish and sustain complete EMDR education and to keep international standards of EMDR practice...
July 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Ella Lobregt-van Buuren, Bram Sizoo, Liesbeth Mevissen, Ad de Jongh
The study investigated whether EMDR is a feasible therapy for adults with ASD and a history of adverse events, and whether it is associated with reductions in symptoms of PTSD, psychological distress and autism. Participants received 6 to 8 weeks treatment as usual (TAU), followed by a maximum of 8 sessions EMDR added to TAU, and a follow-up of 6-8 weeks with TAU only. Results showed a significant reduction of symptoms of post-traumatic stress (IES-R: d = 1.16), psychological distress (BSI: d = 0.93) and autistic features (SRS-A: d = 0...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
C Van Woudenberg, E M Voorendonk, H Bongaerts, H A Zoet, M Verhagen, C W Lee, A van Minnen, A De Jongh
Background: There is room for improvement regarding the treatment of severe post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Intensifying treatment to increase patient retention is a promising development. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an intensive trauma-focused treatment programme over 8 days for individuals suffering from severe PTSD. Method: Treatment was provided for 347 PTSD patients (70% women; mean age = 38.32 years, SD  = 11.69) and consisted of daily sessions of prolonged exposure and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy (16 sessions in total), physical activity, and psycho-education...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Giampaolo Perna, Erika Sangiorgio, Massimiliano Grassi, Daniela Caldirola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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