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Pneumonia associated with mechanical ventilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509183/devising-negative-pressure-within-intercuff-space-reduces-microaspiration
#1
H M Sohn, J S Baik, J Y Hwang, S Y Kim, S H Han, J H Kim
BACKGROUND: Microaspiration past the tracheal tube cuffs causes ventilator-associated pneumonia. The objective of the current study was to evaluate whether creating negative pressure between the tracheal double cuffs could block the fluid passage past the tracheal tube cuffs. METHODS: A new negative pressure system was devised between the double cuffs through a suction hole in the intercuff space. Blue-dyed water was instilled above the cuff at negative suction pressures of - 54, - 68, - 82, - 95, - 109, - 122, and - 136 cmH2 O, and the volume leaked was measured in an underlying water trap after 10 min...
December 3, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507842/detecting-early-markers-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-by-analysis-of-exhaled-gas
#2
Nils Kunze-Szikszay, Karoline Walliser, Jakob Luther, Barbara Cambiaghi, Verena Reupke, Christian Dullin, Wolfgang Vautz, Felix Bremmer, Ursula Telgheder, Cornelia Zscheppank, Michael Quintel, Thorsten Perl
OBJECTIVES: The detection of microbial volatile organic compounds or host response markers in the exhaled gas could give an earlier diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry enables noninvasive, rapid, and sensitive analysis of exhaled gas. Using a rabbit model of ventilator-associated pneumonia we determined if gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry is able to detect 1) ventilator-associated pneumonia specific changes and 2) bacterial species-specific changes in the exhaled gas...
November 30, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30504509/cytomegaloviral-or-pneumocystis-jiroveci-pneumonia-increases-mortality-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-with-pulmonary-hemorrhage-evidence-from-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid
#3
Yi-Syuan Sun, De-Feng Huang, Fang-Chi Lin, Chih-Kai Hsu, I-Ting Sun, Shi-Chuan Chang, Chang-Youh Tsai, Chien-Chih Lai
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of cytomegaloviral or Pneumocystis Jiroveci pneumonia (CMV/PJP) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with pulmonary hemorrhage (PH). METHODS: We retrospectively examined hospital records for 27 SLE patients with PH who received bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) analyses. Clinical profile and mortality rates were compared between groups with and without CMV/PJP. Risk factors for PH-related mortality were analyzed. RESULTS: Among 27 SLE patients with PH, 15 had pathogens from BALF samples, and 8 had CMV/PJP...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30502687/factors-associated-with-mortality-in-severe-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#4
Rodolfo Espinoza, José Roberto Lapa E Silva, Anke Bergmann, Ulisses de Oliveira Melo, Flávio Elias Calil, Robson Correa Santos, Jorge I F Salluh
OBJECTIVE: Describe characteristics and outcomes of CAP admitted to public ICUs in Brazil. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study in 4 Tertiary Public Hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil during 2016. Patients admitted to ICUs with a diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia were included. Clinical and outcomes data were collected from Epimed Monitor System. RESULTS: From 7902 admissions, 802 patients (10, 1%) were included and analyzed. Main source of admission was the emergency department (78, 3%)...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499850/outcomes-of-patients-presenting-with-mild-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-insights-from-the-lung-safe-study
#5
Tài Pham, Ary Serpa Neto, Paolo Pelosi, John Gerard Laffey, Candelaria De Haro, Jose Angel Lorente, Giacomo Bellani, Eddy Fan, Laurent Jean Brochard, Antonio Pesenti, Marcus Josephus Schultz, Antonio Artigas, Andres Esteban, Luciano Gattinoni, Frank van Haren, Anders Larsson, Daniel F McAuley, Marco Ranieri, Gordon Rubenfeld, B Taylor Thompson, Hermann Wrigge, Arthur S Slutsky, Fernando Rios, Frank Van Haren, Thierry Sottiaux, Pieter Depuydt, Fredy S Lora, Luciano Cesar Azevedo, Guillermo Bugedo, Haibo Qiu, Marcos Gonzalez, Juan Silesky, Vladimir Cerny, Jonas Nielsen, Manuel Jibaja, Hermann Wrigge, Dimitrios Matamis, Jorge Luis Ranero, Pravin Amin, S M Hashemian, Kevin Clarkson, Kiyoyasu Kurahashi, Asisclo Villagomez, Amine Ali Zeggwagh, Leo M Heunks, Jon Henrik Laake, Jose Emmanuel Palo, Antero do Vale Fernandes, Dorel Sandesc, Yaasen Arabi, Vesna Bumbasierevic, Nicolas Nin, Anders Larsson, Lise Piquilloud, Fekri Abroug, Daniel F McAuley, Lia McNamee, Javier Hurtado, Ed Bajwa, Gabriel Démpaire, Hektor Sula, Lordian Nunci, Alma Cani, Alan Zazu, Christian Dellera, Carolina S Insaurralde, Risso V Alejandro, Julio Daldin, Mauricio Vinzio, Ruben O Fernandez, Luis P Cardonnet, Lisandro R Bettini, Mariano Carboni Bisso, Emilio M Osman, Mariano G Setten, Pablo Lovazzano, Javier Alvarez, Veronica Villar, Norberto C Pozo, Nicolas Grubissich, Gustavo A Plotnikow, Daniela N Vasquez, Santiago Ilutovich, Norberto Tiribelli, Ariel Chena, Carlos A Pellegrini, María G Saenz, Elisa Estenssoro, Matias Brizuela, Hernan Gianinetto, Pablo E Gomez, Valeria I Cerrato, Marco G Bezzi, Silvina A Borello, Flavia A Loiacono, Adriana M Fernandez, Serena Knowles, Claire Reynolds, Deborah M Inskip, Jennene J Miller, Jing Kong, Christina Whitehead, Shailesh Bihari, Aylin Seven, Amanda Krstevski, Helen J Rodgers, Rebecca T Millar, Toni E Mckenna, Irene M Bailey, Gabrielle C Hanlon, Anders Aneman, Joan M Lynch, Raman Azad, John Neal, Paul W Woods, Brigit L Roberts, Mark R Kol, Helen S Wong, Katharina C Riss, Thomas Staudinger, Xavier Wittebole, Caroline Berghe, Pierre A Bulpa, Alain M Dive, Rik Verstraete, Herve Lebbinck, Pieter Depuydt, Joris Vermassen, Philippe Meersseman, Helga Ceunen, Jonas I Rosa, Daniel O Beraldo, Claudio Piras, Adenilton M Rampinelli, Antonio P Nassar, Sergio Mataloun, Marcelo Moock, Marlus M Thompson, Claudio H Gonçalves, Ana Carolina P Antônio, Aline Ascoli, Rodrigo S Biondi, Danielle C Fontenele, Danielle Nobrega, Vanessa M Sales, Ahmad Yazid Bin Hj Abul Wahab, Maizatul Ismail, Suresh Shindhe, Francois Beloncle, Kyle G Davies, Rob Cirone, Venika Manoharan, Mehvish Ismail, Ewan C Goligher, Mandeep Jassal, Erin Nishikawa, Areej Javeed, Gerard Curley, Nuttapol Rittayamai, Matteo Parotto, Niall D Ferguson, Sangeeta Mehta, Jenny Knoll, Antoine Pronovost, Sergio Canestrini, Alejandro R Bruhn, Patricio H Garcia, Felipe A Aliaga, Pamela A Farías, Jacob S Yumha, Claudia A Ortiz, Javier E Salas, Alejandro A Saez, Luis D Vega, Eduardo F Labarca, Felipe T Martinez, Nicolás G Carreño, Pilar Lora, Haitao Liu, Haibo Qiu, Ling Liu, Rui/ Tang, Xiaoming Luo, Youzhong An, Huiying Zhao, Yan Gao, Zhe Zhai, Zheng L Ye, Wei Wang, Wenwen Li, Qingdong Li, Ruiqiang Zheng, Wenkui Yu, Juanhong Shen, Xinyu Li, Tao Yu, Weihua Lu, Ya Q Wu, Xiao B Huang, Zhenyang He, Yuanhua Lu, Hui Han, Fan Zhang, Renhua Sun, Hua X Wang, Shu H Qin, Bao H Zhu, Jun Zhao, Jian Liu, Bin Li, Jing L Liu, Fa C Zhou, Qiong J Li, Xing Y Zhang, Zhou Li-Xin, Qiang Xin-Hua, Liangyan Jiang, Yuan N Gao, Xian Y Zhao, Yuan Y Li, Xiao L Li, Chunting Wang, Qingchun Yao, Rongguo Yu, Kai Chen, Huanzhang Shao, Bingyu Qin, Qing Q Huang, Wei H Zhu, Ai Y Hang, Ma X Hua, Yimin Li, Yonghao Xu, Yu D Di, Long L Ling, Tie H Qin, Shou H Wang, Junping Qin, Yi Han, Suming Zhou, Monica P Vargas, Juan I Silesky Jimenez, Manuel A González Rojas, Jaime E Solis-Quesada, Christian M Ramirez-Alfaro, Jan Máca, Peter Sklienka, Jakob Gjedsted, Aage Christiansen, Jonas Nielsen, Boris G Villamagua, Miguel Llano, Philippe Burtin, Gautier Buzancais, Pascal Beuret, Nicolas Pelletier, Satar Mortaza, Alain Mercat, Jonathan Chelly, Sébastien Jochmans, Nicolas Terzi, Cédric Daubin, Guillaume Carteaux, Nicolas de Prost, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Fabrice Daviaud, Muriel Fartoukh, Guillaume Barberet, Jerome Biehler, Jean Dellamonica, Denis Doyen, Jean-Michel Arnal, Anais Briquet, Sami Hraiech, Laurent Papazian, Arnaud Follin, Damien Roux, Jonathan Messika, Evangelos Kalaitzis, Laurence Dangers, Alain Combes, Siu-Ming Au, Gaetan Béduneau, Dorothée Carpentier, Elie H Zogheib, Herve Dupont, Sylvie Ricome, Francesco L Santoli, Sebastien L Besset, Philippe Michel, Bruno Gelée, Pierre-Eric Danin, Bernard Goubaux, Philippe J Crova, Nga T Phan, Frantz Berkelmans, Julio C Badie, Romain Tapponnier, Josette Gally, Samy Khebbeb, Jean-Etienne Herbrecht, Francis Schneider, Pierre-Louis M Declercq, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Jacques Duranteau, Anatole Harrois, Russell Chabanne, Julien Marin, Charlene Bigot, Sandrine Thibault, Mohammed Ghazi, Messabi Boukhazna, Salem Ould Zein, Jack R Richecoeur, Daniele M Combaux, Fabien Grelon, Charlene Le Moal, Elise P Sauvadet, Adrien Robine, Virginie Lemiale, Danielle Reuter, Martin Dres, Alexandre Demoule, Dany Goldgran-Toledano, Loredana Baboi, Claude Guérin, Ralph Lohner, Jens Kraßler, Susanne Schäfer, Kai D Zacharowski, Patrick Meybohm, Andreas W Reske, Philipp Simon, Hans-Bernd F Hopf, Michael Schuetz, Thomas Baltus, Metaxia N Papanikolaou, Theonymfi G Papavasilopoulou, Giannis A Zacharas, Vasilis Ourailogloy, Eleni K Mouloudi, Eleni V Massa, Eva O Nagy, Electra E Stamou, Ellada V Kiourtzieva, Marina A Oikonomou, Luis E Avila, Cesar A Cortez, Johanna E Citalán, Sameer A Jog, Safal D Sable, Bhagyesh Shah, Mohan Gurjar, Arvind K Baronia, Mohammedfaruk Memon, Radhakrishnan Muthuchellappan, Venkatapura J Ramesh, Anitha Shenoy, Ramesh Unnikrishnan, Subhal B Dixit, Rachana V Rhayakar, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Vallish K Bhardwaj, Heera L Mahto, Sudha V Sagar, Vijayanand Palaniswamy, Deeban Ganesan, Seyed Mohammadreza Hashemian, Hamidreza Jamaati, Farshad Heidari, Edel A Meaney, Alistair Nichol, Karl M Knapman, Donall O'Croinin, Eimhin S Dunne, Dorothy M Breen, Kevin P Clarkson, Rola F Jaafar, Rory Dwyer, Fahd Amir, Olaitan O Ajetunmobi, Aogan C O'Muircheartaigh, Colin S Black, Nuala Treanor, Daniel V Collins, Wahid Altaf, Gianluca Zani, Maurizio Fusari, Savino Spadaro, Carlo A Volta, Romano Graziani, Barbara Brunettini, Salvatore Palmese, Paolo Formenti, Michele Umbrello, Andrea Lombardo, Elisabetta Pecci, Marco Botteri, Monica Savioli, Alessandro Protti, Alessia Mattei, Lorenzo Schiavoni, Andrea Tinnirello, Manuel Todeschini, Antonino Giarratano, Andrea Cortegiani, Sara Sher, Anna Rossi, Massimo M Antonelli, Luca M Montini, Paolo Casalena, Sergio Scafetti, Giovanna Panarello, Giovanna Occhipinti, Nicolò Patroniti, Matteo Pozzi, Roberto R Biscione, Michela M Poli, Ferdinando Raimondi, Daniela Albiero, Giulia Crapelli, Eduardo Beck, Vincenzo Pota, Vincenzo Schiavone, Alexandre Molin, Fabio Tarantino, Giacomo Monti, Elena Frati, Lucia Mirabella, Gilda Cinnella, Tommaso Fossali, Riccardo Colombo, Pierpaolo Terragni Ilaria Pattarino, Francesco Mojoli, Antonio Braschi, Erika E Borotto, Andrea N Cracchiolo, Daniela M Palma, Francesco Raponi, Giuseppe Foti, Ettore R Vascotto, Andrea Coppadoro, Luca Brazzi, Leda Floris, Giorgio A Iotti, Aaron Venti, Osamu Yamaguchi, Shunsuke Takagi, Hiroki N Maeyama, Eizo Watanabe, Yoshihiro Yamaji, Kazuyoshi Shimizu, Kyoko Shiozaki, Satoru Futami, Sekine Ryosuke, Koji Saito, Yoshinobu Kameyama, Keiko Ueno, Masayo Izawa, Nao Okuda, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Tomofumi Harasawa, Michitaka Nasu, Tadaaki Takada, Fumihito Ito, Shin Nunomiya, Kansuke Koyama, Toshikazu Abe, Kohkichi Andoh, Kohei Kusumoto, Akira Hirata, Akihiro Takaba, Hiroyasu Kimura, Shuhei Matsumoto, Ushio Higashijima, Hiroyuki Honda, Nobumasa Aoki, Hiroshi Imai, Yasuaki Ogino, Ichiko Mizuguchi, Kazuya Ichikado, Kenichi Nitta, Katsunori Mochizuki, Tomoaki Hashida, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Tomoyuki Nakamura, Daisuke Niimi, Takeshi Ueda, Yozo Kashiwa, Akinori Uchiyama, Olegs Sabelnikovs, Peteris Oss, Youssef Haddad, Kong Y Liew, Silvio A Ñamendys-Silva, Yves D Jarquin-Badiola, Luis A Sanchez-Hurtado, Saira S Gomez-Flores, Maria C Marin, Asisclo J Villagomez, Jordana S Lemus, Jonathan M Fierro, Mavy Ramirez Cervantes, Francisco Javier Flores Mejia, Dulce Dector, Alejandro Rojas, Daniel R Gonzalez, Claudia R Estrella, Jorge R Sanchez-Medina, Alvaro Ramirez-Gutierrez, Fernando G George, Janet S Aguirre, Juan A Buensuseso, Manuel Poblano, Tarek Dendane, Amine Ali Zeggwagh, Hicham Balkhi, Mina Elkhayari, Nacer Samkaoui, Hanane Ezzouine, Abdellatif Benslama, Mourad Amor, Wajdi Maazouzi, Nedim Cimic, Oliver Beck, Monique M Bruns, Jeroen A Schouten, Myra Rinia, Monique Raaijmakers, Leo M Heunks, Hellen M Van Wezel, Serge J Heines, Ulrich Strauch, Marc P Buise, Fabienne D Simonis, Jennifer C Goodson, Troy S Browne, Leanlove Navarra, Anna Hunt, Robyn A Hutchison, Mathew B Bailey, Lynette Newby, Colin McArthur, Michael Kalkoff, Alex Mcleod, Jonathan Casement, Danielle J Hacking, Finn H Andersen, Merete S Dolva, Jon H Laake, Andreas Barratt-Due, Kim Andre L Noremark, Eldar Søreide, Brit Å Sjøbø, Anne B Guttormsen, Hector H Leon Yoshido, Ronald Zumaran Aguilar, Fredy A Montes Oscanoa, Alain U Alisasis, Joanne B Robles, Rossini Abbie B Pasanting-Lim, Beatriz C Tan, Pawel Andruszkiewicz, Karina Jakubowska, Cristina M Coxo, António M Alvarez, Bruno S Oliveira, Gustavo M Montanha, Nelson C Barros, Carlos S Pereira, António M Messias, Jorge M Monteiro, Ana M Araujo, Nuno T Catorze, Susan M Marum, Maria J Bouw, Rui M Gomes, Vania A Brito, Silvia Castro, Joana M Estilita, Filipa M Barros, Isabel M Serra, Aurelia M Martinho, Dana R Tomescu, Alexandra Marcu, Ovidiu H Bedreag, Marius Papurica, Dan E Corneci, Silvius Ioan Negoita, Evgeny Grigoriev, Alexey I Gritsan, Andrey A Gazenkampf, Ghaleb Almekhlafi, Mohamad M Albarrak, Ghanem M Mustafa, Khalid A Maghrabi, Nawal Salahuddin, Tharwat M Aisa, Ahmed S Al Jabbary, Edgardo Tabhan, Yaseen M Arabi, Yaseen M Arabi, Olivia A Trinidad, Hasan M Al Dorzi, Edgardo E Tabhan, Stefan Bolon, Oliver Smith, Jordi Mancebo, Hernan Aguirre-Bermeo, Juan C Lopez-Delgado, Francisco Esteve, Gemma Rialp, Catalina Forteza, Guillermo M Albaiceta, Sara De Cima-Iglesias, Leticia Seoane-Quiroga, Alexandra Ceniceros-Barros, Antonio L Ruiz-Aguilar, Luis M Claraco-Vega, Juan Alfonso Soler, Maria Del Carmen Lorente, Cecilia Hermosa, Federico Gordo, Miryam Prieto-González, Juan B López-Messa, Manuel P Perez, Cesar P Perez, Raquel Montoiro Allue, Ferran Roche-Campo, Marcos Ibañez-Santacruz, Susana Temprano, Maria C Pintado, Raul De Pablo, Pilar Ricart Aroa Gómez, Silvia Rodriguez Ruiz, Silvia Iglesias Moles, Alfons Arizmendi, Enrique A Piacentini, Nieves Franco, Teresa Honrubia, Meisy Perez Cheng, Elena Perez Losada, Javier Blanco, Luis J Yuste, Cecilia Carbayo-Gorriz, Francisca G Cazorla-Barranquero, Javier G Alonso, Rosa S Alda, Ángela Algaba, Gonzalo Navarro, Enrique Cereijo, Esther Diaz-Rodriguez, Diego Pastor Marcos, Laura Alvarez Montero, Luis Herrera Para, Roberto Jimenez Sanchez, Miguel Angel Blasco Navalpotro, Ricardo Diaz Abad, Raquel Montiel González, Dácil Parrilla Toribio, Alejandro G Castro, Maria Jose D Artiga, Oscar Penuelas, Tomas P Roser, Moreno F Olga, Elena Gallego Curto, Rocío Manzano Sánchez, Vallverdu P Imma, Garcia M Elisabet, Laura Claverias, Monica Magret, Ana M Pellicer, Lucia L Rodriguez, Jesús Sánchez-Ballesteros, Ángela González-Salamanca, Antonio G Jimenez, Francisco P Huerta, Juan Carlos J Sotillo Diaz, Esther Bermejo Lopez, David D Llinares Moya, Alec A Tallet Alfonso, Palazon Sanchez Eugenio Luis, Palazon Sanchez Cesar, Sánchez I Rafael, Corcoles G Virgilio, Noelia N Recio, Richard O Adamsson, Christian C Rylander, Bernhard Holzgraefe, Lars M Broman, Joanna Wessbergh, Linnea Persson, Fredrik Schiöler, Hans Kedelv, Anna Oscarsson Tibblin, Henrik Appelberg, Lars Hedlund, Johan Helleberg, Karin E Eriksson, Rita Glietsch, Niklas Larsson, Ingela Nygren, Silvia L Nunes, Anna-Karin Morin, Thomas Kander, Anne Adolfsson, Lise Piquilloud, Hervé O Zender, Corinne Leemann-Refondini, Souheil Elatrous, Slaheddine Bouchoucha, Imed Chouchene, Islem Ouanes, Asma Ben Souissi, Salma Kamoun, Oktay Demirkiran, Mustafa Aker, Emre Erbabacan, Ilkay Ceylan, Nermin Kelebek Girgin, Menekse Ozcelik, Necmettin Ünal, Basak Ceyda Meco, Onat O Akyol, Suleyman S Derman, Barry Kennedy, Ken Parhar, Latha Srinivasa, Lia McNamee, Danny McAuley, Phil Hopkins, Clare Mellis, Vivek Kakar, Dan Hadfield, Andre Vercueil, Kaushik Bhowmick, Sally K Humphreys, Andrew Ferguson, Raymond Mckee, Ashok S Raj, Danielle A Fawkes, Philip Watt, Linda Twohey, Rajeev R Jha, Matthew Thomas, Alex Morton, Varsha Kadaba, Mark J Smith, Anil P Hormis, Santhana G Kannan, Miriam Namih, Henrik Reschreiter, Julie Camsooksai, Alek Kumar, Szabolcs Rugonfalvi, Christopher Nutt, Orla Oneill, Colette Seasman, Ged Dempsey, Christopher J Scott, Helen E Ellis, Stuart Mckechnie, Paula J Hutton, Nora N Di Tomasso, Michela N Vitale, Ruth O Griffin, Michael N Dean, Julius H Cranshaw, Emma L Willett, Nicholas Ioannou, Sarah Gillis, Peter Csabi, Rosaleen Macfadyen, Heidi Dawson, Pieter D Preez, Alexandra J Williams, Owen Boyd, Laura Ortiz-Ruiz de Gordoa, Jon Bramall, Sophie Symmonds, Simon K Chau, Tim Wenham, Tamas Szakmany, Piroska Toth-Tarsoly, Katie H Mccalman, Peter Alexander, Lorraine Stephenson, Thomas Collyer, Rhiannon Chapman, Raphael Cooper, Russell M Allan, Malcolm Sim, David W Wrathall, Donald A Irvine, Kim S Zantua, John C Adams, Andrew J Burtenshaw, Gareth P Sellors, Ingeborg D Welters, Karen E Williams, Robert J Hessell, Matthew G Oldroyd, Ceri E Battle, Suresh Pillai, Istvan Kajtor, Mageswaran Sivashanmugavel, Sinead C Okane, Adrian Donnelly, Aniko D Frigyik, Jon P Careless, Martin M May, Richard Stewart, T John Trinder, Samantha J Hagan, Jade M Cole, Caroline C MacFie, Anna T Dowling, Javier Hurtado, Nicolás Nin, Javier Hurtado, Edgardo Nuñez, Gustavo Pittini, Ruben Rodriguez, María C Imperio, Cristina Santos, Ana G França, Alejandro Ebeid, Alberto Deicas, Carolina Serra, Aditya Uppalapati, Ghassan Kamel, Valerie M Banner-Goodspeed, Jeremy R Beitler, Satyanarayana Reddy Mukkera, Shreedhar Kulkarni, Jarone Lee, Tomaz Mesar, John O Shinn, Dina Gomaa, Christopher Tainter, Jarone Lee, Tomaz Mesar, Jarone Lee, Dale J Yeatts, Michael J Lanspa, Russel R Miller, Colin K Grissom, Samuel M Brown, Philippe R Bauer, Ryan J Gosselin, Barrett T Kitch, Jason E Cohen, Scott H Beegle, Shazia Choudry, Renaud M Gueret, Aiman Tulaimat, William Stigler, Hitesh Batra, Nidhi G Huff, Keith D Lamb, Trevor W Oetting, Nicholas M Mohr, Claine Judy, Shigeki Saito, Fayez M Kheir, Fayez Kheir, Adam B Schlichting, Angela Delsing, Daniel R Crouch, Mary Elmasri, Daniel R Crouch, Dina Ismail, Kyle R Dreyer, Thomas C Blakeman, Dina Gomaa, Rebecca M Baron, Carolina Quintana Grijalba, Peter C Hou, Raghu Seethala, Imo Aisiku, Galen Henderson, Gyorgy Frendl, Sen-Kuang Hou, Robert L Owens, Ashley Schomer, Vesna Bumbasirevic, Bojan Jovanovic, Maja Surbatovic, Milic Veljovic
WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Patients with initial mild acute respiratory distress syndrome are often underrecognized and mistakenly considered to have low disease severity and favorable outcomes. They represent a relatively poorly characterized population that was only classified as having acute respiratory distress syndrome in the most recent definition. Our primary objective was to describe the natural course and the factors associated with worsening and mortality in this population...
November 27, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498312/clinico-microbiological-profile-of-healthcare-associated-pneumonia-in-critically-ill-patients-at-level-i-trauma-centre-of-india
#6
Minu Kumari, Neha Rastogi, Rajesh Malhotra, Purva Mathur
INTRODUCTION: Device-associated infections constitute the majority of health-care infections in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Trauma patients are more prone to acquire such infections; ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) being the most common Health care associated infections (HAI) in ICU has serious implications such as increased morbidity, prolonged hospital stay, and mortality. This study aims to compare the clinicomicrobiological profile of VAP and non-VAP trauma patients at Level I trauma center...
October 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30472292/intrapulmonary-pharmacokinetics-of-antibiotics-used-to-treat-nosocomial-pneumonia-caused-by-gram-negative-bacilli-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Aaron J Heffernan, Fekade B Sime, Jeffrey Lipman, Jayesh Dhanani, Katherine Andrews, David Ellwood, Keith Grimwood, Jason A Roberts
BACKGROUND: . Knowledge of antibiotic concentrations achievable in the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) will help guide antibiotic dosing for treating patients with gram-negative bacillary ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). OBJECTIVE: . To compare: (1) the ELF:serum penetration ratio of antibiotics in patients with pneumonia, including VAP, and also healthy study participants and (2) the ELF and/or tracheal aspirate antibiotic concentrations following intravenous and nebuliser delivery...
November 22, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30456466/host-pathogen-interactions-and-prognosis-of-critically-ill-immunocompetent-patients-with-pneumococcal-pneumonia-the-nationwide-prospective-observational-streptogene-study
#8
Jean-Pierre Bedos, Emmanuelle Varon, Raphael Porcher, Pierre Asfar, Yves Le Tulzo, Bruno Megarbane, Armelle Mathonnet, Anthony Dugard, Anne Veinstein, Kader Ouchenir, Shidasp Siami, Jean Reignier, Arnaud Galbois, Joël Cousson, Sébastien Preau, Olivier Baldesi, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Bertrand Souweine, Benoit Misset, Frederic Jacobs, Florent Dewavrin, Jean-Paul Mira
PURPOSE: To assess the relative importance of host and bacterial factors associated with hospital mortality in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia (PCAP). METHODS: Immunocompetent Caucasian ICU patients with PCAP documented by cultures and/or pneumococcal urinary antigen (UAg Sp) test were included in this multicenter prospective study between 2008 and 2012. All pneumococcal strains were serotyped. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors for hospital mortality...
November 19, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30448361/community-acquired-bacterial-co-infection-predicts-severity-and-mortality-in-influenza-associated-pneumonia-admitted-patients
#9
Fei Teng, Xin Liu, Shu-Bin Guo, Zhuo Li, Wen-Qing Ji, Fang Zhang, Xiao-Mei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Influenza is frequently complicated by bacterial co-infection, causing additional hospitalization and mortality. We determined the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of patients with influenza-associated community-acquired bacterial co-infection. METHOD: This was a retrospective, observational study. Influenza was diagnosed using the polymerase chain reaction. Co-infection had to be confirmed using standard bacteriological tests. The primary endpoint was presence of community-acquired co-infection, and the secondary endpoint was in-hospital mortality...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30447146/serum-vitamin-d-level-was-not-associated-with-severity-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#10
Mojtaba Hedayat Yaghoobi, Abbas Taher, Mohamad Ali Seifrabie, Mohammadmahdi Sabahi, Farshid Rahimi-Bashar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency is considered one of the most common nutritional deficiencies associated with weakened immune system and increased likelihood of sepsis. The current study was conducted to investigate the association between serum vitamin D level and the severity and prognosis of ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) in inpatients in intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Eighty-four consecutive patients with VAP were enrolled in this observational, prospective study conducted in the ICU of Besat Hospital, Hamadan...
November 15, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30439315/-comparison-of-two-schemes-of-daily-arousal-and-comfort-analgesia-and-sedation-in-patients-on-mechanical-ventilation-in-intensive-care-unit
#11
Kun Guo, Hongying Zhang, Siping Peng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy of comfort analgesia and sedation in patients with mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Eighty patients with mechanical ventilation admitted to ICU of Pingxiang People's Hospital from June 2017 to May 2018 were enrolled, and they were randomly divided into control group and observation group by random number table method, with 40 patients in each group. The control group was given a daily analgesic and sedation regimen with critical-care pain observation tool (CPOT) 0-3 and Richmond agitation-sedation scale (RASS) maintained at -3 to -4...
October 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30439311/-risk-factors-and-etiological-analysis-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-three-year-s-cases-analysis-of-intensive-care-unit-in-county-hospital
#12
Zhicheng Hu, Shusheng Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens in intensive care unit (ICU) of county hospital. METHODS: 234 patients on mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours admitted to ICU of Shexian People's Hospital of Huangshan City from January 2016 to June 2018 were enrolled. The clinical data of all patients including gender, age, past medical history, exposure to antibiotics, medication, the duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay, serum albumin, tracheotomy, re-intubation, prognosis, and pathogenic bacteria and drug sensitivity test of VAP patients were collected...
October 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30425761/-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-walking-pneumonia-can-cripple-the-susceptible
#13
Bharat Bajantri, Omesh Toolsie, Sindhaghatta Venkatram, Gilda Diaz-Fuentes
Background: Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP), or "walking pneumonia," is an atypical mild disease with varied clinical findings. Specifically, diagnosis is often controversial and understanding of disease presentation is limited. The goal of the study was to evaluate presentation, clinical associations and outcomes of MPP patients admitted to an inner-city hospital. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of adult patients diagnosed with MPP from January 2010 to January 2017...
December 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30423055/the-current-epidemiological-landscape-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study-in-china
#14
Jianfeng Xie, Yi Yang, Yingzi Huang, Yan Kang, Yuan Xu, Xiaochun Ma, Xue Wang, Jian Liu, Dawei Wu, Yaoqing Tang, Bingyu Qin, Xiangdong Guan, Jianguo Li, Kaijiang Yu, Dawei Liu, Jing Yan, Haibo Qiu
Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is among the most important hospital-acquired infections in the intensive-care unit setting. However, clinical data regarding the epidemiology of VAP in China are limited. Methods: A multicenter, longitudinal, observational study was performed from March 2013 to December 2015 to prospectively collect data on patients diagnosed with VAP. Specifically, patients supported by invasive mechanical ventilation for longer than 48 hours were included...
November 13, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30419545/acinetobacter-etiology-respiratory-tract-infections-associated-with-mechanical-ventilation-what-impacts-on-the-prognosis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Fernando da Silveira, Wagner Luis Nedel, Renato Cassol, Patricia Reis Pereira, Caroline Deutschendorf, Thiago Lisboa
INTRODUCTION: Acinetobacter species treatment often represents a challenge. The main objective of this study is identify predictors of ICU mortality in patients submitted to mechanical ventilation (MV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. Patients with MV > 48 h who developed a respiratory tract positive culture for Acinetobacter were included, and distinguished among colonized, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) or ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis (VAT) patients...
November 3, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418243/procalcitonin-and-antibiotics-in-moderate-severe-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-to-use-or-not-to-use
#16
Hiang Ping Chan, Tow Keang Lim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) are major driver for healthcare utilization with each exacerbation begetting the next exacerbation. It is, therefore, important to treat each episode effectively to prevent the next. However, this can be challenging as AECOPD result from complex interactions between host, environment and infective agents. The benefits of starting antibiotics in AECOPD, which are not life-threatening (e...
November 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401576/an-international-perspective-on-hospitalized-patients-with-viral-community-acquired-pneumonia
#17
Dejan Radovanovic, Giovanni Sotgiu, Mateja Jankovic, Padukudru Anand Mahesh, Pedro Jorge Marcos, Mohamed I Abdalla, Marta Francesca Di Pasquale, Andrea Gramegna, Silvia Terraneo, Francesco Blasi, Pierachille Santus, Stefano Aliberti, Luis F Reyes, Marcos I Restrepo, Patricia Karina Aruj, Silvia Attorri, Enrique Barimboim, Juan Pablo Caeiro, María I Garzón, Victor Hugo Cambursano, Adrian Ceccato, Julio Chertcoff, Ariel Cordon Díaz, Lautaro de Vedia, Maria Cristina Ganaha, Sandra Lambert, Gustavo Lopardo, Carlos M Luna, Alessio Gerardo Malberti, Nora Morcillo, Silvina Tartara, Claudia Pensotti, Betiana Pereyra, Pablo Gustavo Scapellato, Juan Pablo Stagnaro, Sonali Shah, Felix Lötsch, Florian Thalhammer, Kurt Anseeuw, Camille A Francois, Eva Van Braeckel, Jean Louis Vincent, Marcel Zannou Djimon, Simone Aranha Nouér, Peter Chipev, Milena Encheva, Darina Miteva, Diana Petkova, Adamou Dodo Balkissou, Eric Walter Pefura Yone, Bertrand Hugo Mbatchou Ngahane, Ning Shen, Jin-Fu Xu, Carlos Andres Bustamante Rico, Ricardo Buitrago, Fernando Jose Pereira Paternina, Jean-Marie Kayembe Ntumba, Vesna Vladic-Carevic, Marko Jakopovic, Zinka Matkovic, Ivan Mitrecic, Marie-Laure Bouchy Jacobsson, Anette Bro Christensen, Uffe Christian Heitmann Bødtger, Christian Niels Meyer, Andreas Vestergaard Jensen, Ibrahim El-Said Abd El-Wahhab, Nesreen Elsayed Morsy, Hanaa Shafiek, Eman Sobh, Kedir Abdella Abdulsemed, Fabrice Bertrand, Christian Brun-Buisson, Etienne de Montmollin, Muriel Fartoukh, Jonathan Messika, Pierre Tattevin, Abdo Khoury, Bernard Ebruke, Michael Dreher, Martin Kolditz, Matthias Meisinger, Mathias W Pletz, Stefan Hagel, Jan Rupp, Tom Schaberg, Marc Spielmanns, Petra Creutz, Norton Suttorp, Beatrice Siaw-Lartey, Katerina Dimakou, Dimosthenis Papapetrou, Evdoxia Tsigou, Dimitrios Ampazis, Evangelos Kaimakamis, Mohit Bhatia, Raja Dhar, George D'Souza, Rajiv Garg, Parvaiz A Koul, B S Jayaraj, Kiran Vishnu Narayan, Hirennappa B Udnur, Shashi Bhaskara Krishnamurthy, Surya Kant, Rajesh Swarnakar, Sundeep Salvi, Sneha Limaye, Keihan Golshani, Vera M Keatings, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Yasmin Maor, Jacob Strahilevitz, Salvatore Battaglia, Maria Carrabba, Piero Ceriana, Marco Confalonieri, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte, Bruno Del Prato, Marino De Rosa, Riccardo Fantini, Giuseppe Fiorentino, Maria Antonia Gammino, Francesco Menzella, Giuseppe Milani, Stefano Nava, Gerardo Palmiero, Roberta Petrino, Barbra Gabrielli, Paolo Rossi, Claudio Sorino, Gundi Steinhilber, Alessandro Zanforlin, Fabio Franzetti, Mauro Carone, Vincenzo Patella, Simone Scarlata, Andrea Comel, Kiyoyasu Kurahashi, Zeina Aoun Bacha, Daniel Barajas Ugalde, Omar Ceballos Zuñiga, José F Villegas, Milic Medenica, E M W van de Garde, Deebya Raj Mihsra, Poojan Shrestha, Elliott Ridgeon, Babatunde Ishola Awokola, Ogonna N O Nwankwo, Adefuye Bolanle Olufunlola, Segaolu Olumide, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Muhammad Irfan, Lukasz Minarowski, Skoczyński Szymon, Felipe Froes, Pedro Leuschner, Mariana Meireles, Cláudia Ferrão, Pedro Leuschner, João Neves, Sofia B Ravara, Victoria Brocovschii, Chesov Ion, Doina Rusu, Cristina Toma, Daniela Chirita, Carmen Mihaela Dorobat, Alexei Birkun, Anna Kaluzhenina, Abdullah Almotairi, Zakeya Abdulbaqi Ali Bukhary, Jameela Edathodu, Amal Fathy, Abdullah Mushira Abdulaziz Enani, Nazik Eltayeb Mohamed, Jawed Ulhadi Memon, Abdelhaleem Bella, Nada Bogdanović, Branislava Milenkovic, Dragica Pesut, Luis Borderìas, Noel Manuel Bordon Garcia, Hugo Cabello Alarcón, Catia Cilloniz, Antoni Torres, Vicens Diaz-Brito, Xavier Casas, Alicia Encabo González, Maria Luisa Fernández-Almira, Miguel Gallego, Inmaculada Gaspar-GarcÍa, Juan González Del Castillo, Patricia Javaloyes Victoria, Elena Laserna Martínez, Rosa Malo de Molina, Rosario Menéndez, Ana Pando-Sandoval, Cristina Prat Aymerich, Alicia Lacoma de la Torre, Ignasi García-Olivé, Jordi Rello, Silvia Moyano, Francisco Sanz, Oriol Sibila, Ana Rodrigo-Troyano, Jordi Solé-Violán, Ane Uranga, Job F M van Boven, Ester Vendrell Torra, Jordi Almirall Pujol, Charles Feldman, Ho Kee Yum, Arnauld Attannon Fiogbe, Ferdaous Yangui, Semra Bilaceroglu, Levent Dalar, Ufuk Yilmaz, Artemii Bogomolov, Naheed Elahi, Devesh J Dhasmana, Andrew Feneley, Carole Hancock, Adam T Hill, Banu Rudran, Silvia Ruiz-Buitrago, Marion Campbell, Paul Whitaker, Alexander Youzguin, Anika Singanayagam, Karen S Allen, Veronica Brito, Jessica Dietz, Claire E Dysart, Susan M Kellie, Ricardo A Franco-Sadud, Garnet Meier, Mina Gaga, Thomas L Holland, Stephen P Bergin, Fayez Kheir, Mark Landmeier, Manuel Lois, Girish B Nair, Hemali Patel, Katherine Reyes, William Rodriguez-Cintron, Shigeki Saito, Nilam J Soni, Julio Noda, Cecilia I Hinojosa, Stephanie M Levine, Luis F Angel, Antonio Anzueto, K Scott Whitlow, John Hipskind, Kunal Sukhija, Vicken Totten, Richard G Wunderink, Ray D Shah, Kondwelani John Mateyo, Manuela Carugati, Manuela Morosi, Elisa Monge
BACKGROUND: Who should be tested for viruses in patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP), prevalence and risk factors for viral CAP are still debated. We evaluated the frequency of viral testing, virus prevalence, risk factors and treatment coverage with oseltamivir in patients admitted for CAP. METHODS: Secondary analysis of GLIMP, an international, multicenter, point-prevalence study of hospitalized adults with CAP. Testing frequency, prevalence of viral CAP and treatment with oseltamivir were assessed among patients who underwent a viral swab...
November 3, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30400852/crystalloid-resuscitation-in-trauma-patients-deleterious-effect-of-5l-or-more-in-the-first-24h
#18
D G Jones, J Nantais, J B Rezende-Neto, S Yazdani, P Vegas, S Rizoli
BACKGROUND: Over-aggressive intravenous fluid therapy with crystalloids has adverse effects in trauma patients. We assessed the role of large-volume (≥5l) administration of crystalloids within 24h of injury as an independent risk-factor for mortality, in-hospital complications, and prolonged mechanical ventilation. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis of adult trauma patients admitted to a level 1-trauma center between December 2011 and December 2012. Patient demographics, clinical and laboratory values, and total resuscitation fluid administered within the first 24h of injury were obtained...
November 6, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30396794/oropharyngeal-antisepsis-in-the-critical-patient-and-in-the-patient-subjected-to-mechanical-ventilation
#19
M L Cantón-Bulnes, J Garnacho-Montero
Lower respiratory tract infections in the intubated patient constitute a serious health problem due to their associated morbidity and mortality. Microaspiration of the buccopharyngeal secretions is the main physiopathological mechanism underlying the development of pneumonia and tracheobronchitis in intubated patients. All care bundles designed to prevent these infections include the use of antiseptics to reduce buccopharyngeal colonization. Chlorhexidine is the antiseptic most frequently assessed in clinical trials and meta-analyses that conclude that oral hygiene with chlorhexidine reduces the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia - maximum effectiveness being achieved when the product is administered at a concentration of 2%...
November 2, 2018: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390751/is-zero-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-achievable-practical-approaches-to-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-prevention
#20
REVIEW
Cristina Vazquez Guillamet, Marin H Kollef
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) remains a significant clinical entity with reported incidence rates of 7% to 15%. Given the considerable adverse consequences associated with this infection, VAP prevention became a core measure required in most US hospitals. Many institutions implemented effective VAP prevention bundles that combined head of bed elevation, hand hygiene, chlorhexidine oral care, and subglottic drainage. More recently, spontaneous breathing and awakening trials have consistently been shown to shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation and secondarily reduce the occurrence of VAP...
December 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
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