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Computer Visual Syndrome

Hanneke Basart, Michael Suttie, Amel Ibrahim, Patrizia Ferretti, Chantal M A M van der Horst, Raoul C Hennekam, Peter Hammond
BACKGROUND: Micrognathia occurs isolated and as part of entities like Robin sequence (RS). An objective measurement of mandible size and growth is needed to determine the degree of micrognathia and enable a comparison of treatment outcomes. A pilot study was conducted to investigate the usability of 3-dimensional (3D) facial photogrammetry, a fast, noninvasive method, to estimate mandible size and growth in a small cohort of newborns and infants. METHODS: Exterior mandibular volume was estimated using a tetrahedron defined by 4 facial landmarks...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ashok Shah, Shekhar Kunal, Rajesh Gothi
Bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF), caused by long-standing exposure to biomass fuel smoke, has emerged as a distinct pulmonary disease. It is usually seen in elderly females who have worked long hours in poorly ventilated kitchen full of smoke due to incomplete combustion of biomass fuel. The diagnosis is confirmed on bronchoscopic visualization of bluish-black anthracotic pigmentation along with narrowing/distortion of the affected bronchus. BAF has been associated with clinical conditions such as pulmonary tuberculosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, and malignancy...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Lukas T Rotkopf, Wolfgang G Kunz, Felix G Meinel, Annika Plate, Sönke Langner, Matthias Klein, Kolja M Thierfelder
BACKGROUND: Anton's syndrome is a rare neurological disorder characterized by a combination of visual anosognosia and confabulation of visual experience, most often seen after bilateral ischemic damage to the posterior occipital cortex. CASE REPORT: Wereport the first case of an acute synchronous P2 occlusion as confirmed by multiparametric computed tomography (CT) including perfusion. After the administration of Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA), Anton's syndrome completely resolved...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Odelia Elkana, Amir K Falcofsky, Ran Shorer, Tamar Bar-On Kalfon, Jacob N Ablin
OBJECTIVES: The current provisional diagnostic criteria for the fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) include a cognitive index score (SSS-Cog), which constitutes a part of the Symptom Severity Scale (SSS). The current study aimed at assessing the validity of the cognitive index score, by comparing this subjective measure of cognitive impairment with an objective measure of cognitive functioning, collected through comprehensive computerised cognitive testing and assessment. METHODS: 50 FM patients underwent a computerised cognitive assessment battery, including testing in domains of memory, executive function, attention and information processing speed (NeuroTraxCorp...
September 20, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Chen Avraham, Guy Avraham, Ferdinando A Mussa-Ivaldi, Ilana Nisky
In daily interactions, our sensorimotor system accounts for spatial and temporal discrepancies between the senses. Functional lateralization between hemispheres causes differences in attention and in the control of action across the left and right workspaces. In addition, differences in transmission delays between modalities affect movement control and internal representations. Studies on motor impairments such as hemispatial neglect syndrome suggested a link between lateral spatial biases and temporal processing...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Matthew S Correia, Richard F Clark
BACKGROUND: Pancoast syndrome is an uncommon complication of apical lung tumors. Symptoms include pain, brachial plexopathy, and Horner's syndrome, and are the result of extrinsic compression of tissues within the thoracic inlet. Lymphoma is a very rare etiology. CASE REPORT: We describe the presentation of a 59-year-old male with recurrent diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presenting with Pancoast syndrome. WHY SHOULD AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN BE AWARE OF THIS?: Cancer is an uncommon cause of radicular neck pain but should be considered in the differential, particularly when constitutional complaints are also present...
September 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Asieh Ahani, Mohammad Moghadamfalahi, Deniz Erdogmus
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) is typically used by people with severe speech and physical disabilities (SSPI) and is one of the main application areas for brain computer interface (BCI) technology. The target population includes people with cerebral palsy (CP), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and locked-in-syndrome (LIS). Word-based AAC systems are mainly faster than letter-based counterparts and are usually supplemented by icons to aid the users. Those iconbased AAC systems that use binary signaling methods such as single click can convert into a single input BCI systems such as ERP detection...
July 25, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Ana M Franceschi, Valentino Abballe, Roy A Raad, Aaron Nelson, Kimberly Jackson, James Babb, Thomas Vahle, Matthias Fenchel, Yiqiang Zhan, Gerardo Hermosillo Valadez, Timothy M Shepherd, Kent P Friedman
Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography-magnetic resonance (PET/MR) is useful for the evaluation of cognitively-impaired patients. This study aims to assess two different attenuation correction (AC) methods (Dixon-MR and atlas-based) versus index-standard computed tomography (CT) AC for the visual interpretation of regional hypometabolism in patients with cognitive impairment. Two board-certified nuclear medicine physicians blindly scored brain region FDG hypometabolism as normal versus hypometabolic using two-dimensional (2D) and 3D FDG PET/MR images generated by MIM software...
July 2018: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Michael A Puskarich, Clif Callaway, Robert Silbergleit, Jesse M Pines, Ziad Obermeyer, David W Wright, Renee Y Hsia, Manish N Shah, Andrew A Monte, Alexander T Limkakeng, Zachary F Meisel, Phillip D Levy
For a variety of reasons including cheap computing, widespread adoption of electronic medical records, digitalization of imaging and biosignals, and rapid development of novel technologies, the amount of health care data being collected, recorded, and stored is increasing at an exponential rate. Yet despite these advances, methods for the valid, efficient, and ethical utilization of these data remain underdeveloped. Emergency care research, in particular, poses several unique challenges in this rapidly evolving field...
July 18, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Hideya Yamamoto, Yasuki Kihara, Toshiro Kitagawa, Norihiko Ohashi, Eiji Kunita, Yoshitaka Iwanaga, Kazuhiro Kobuke, Shunichi Miyazaki, Tomohiro Kawasaki, Shinichiro Fujimoto, Hiroyuki Daida, Takashi Fujii, Aki Sato, Tomokazu Okimoto, Sachio Kuribayashi
BACKGROUND: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) not only provides information regarding luminal stenoses but also allows for visualization of mural atheromatous changes (coronary plaques). OBJECTIVE: We sought to elucidate whether plaques seen on CCTA enable prediction of 2-year outcomes in patients with suspected and known coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Of 3015 patients who underwent CCTA, the images and 2-year clinical courses of 2802 patients were independently analyzed...
July 7, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Fangyong Dong, Zhen Wang, Yakun Li, Zirong Chen, Suojun Zhang, Feng Wan
OBJECTIVE:  Shunt dependency syndrome after cyst-peritoneal (CP) shunt is a rare but serious complication which leads to increased intracranial pressure and neurological deficit. The possible mechanism still remains in controversy. We present our experience on the treatment of the complication and attempt to find a better therapy strategy for the complication. METHODS:  Two children with middle fossa arachnoid cysts underwent CP shunt with fixed pressure catheters at an opening pressure of 7 cmH2 O and then developed dependency syndrome...
October 2018: Neuropediatrics
Sertaç Usta, Koray Karabulut
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a rare condition of the central nervous system that may occur in adults as well as in children. Clinically, it presents with mental status changes, visual loss, headaches, seizures, or coma. The diagnosis of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is based on the typical appearance in occipital and parietal lobes in radiologic imaging studies, such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, which exhibit the typical appearance due to vasogenic edema...
July 11, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Xiaoying Xian, Lin Liao, Wei Shu, Hongtao Li, Yuanyuan Qin, Jie Yan, Jianming Luo, Fa-Quan Lin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder resulting from mutations in SLC19A2, and is mainly characterized by megaloblastic anemia, diabetes, and progressive sensorineural hearing loss. METHODS: We study a Chinese Zhuang ethnicity family with thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia. The proband of the study presented with anemia and diabetes, similar to his late brother, as well as visual impairment...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Amy L Sheppard, James S Wolffsohn
Digital device usage has increased substantially in recent years across all age groups, so that extensive daily use for both social and professional purposes is now normal. Digital eye strain (DES), also known as computer vision syndrome, encompasses a range of ocular and visual symptoms, and estimates suggest its prevalence may be 50% or more among computer users. Symptoms fall into two main categories: those linked to accommodative or binocular vision stress, and external symptoms linked to dry eye. Although symptoms are typically transient, they may be frequent and persistent, and have an economic impact when vocational computer users are affected...
2018: BMJ open ophthalmology
Rachel B Kay, Nicole A Gabreski, Jason W Triplett
BACKGROUND: Sensory processing deficits are frequently co-morbid with neurodevelopmental disorders. For example, patients with fragile X syndrome (FXS), caused by a silencing of the FMR1 gene, exhibit impairments in visual function specific to the dorsal system, which processes motion information. However, the developmental and circuit mechanisms underlying this deficit remain unclear. Recently, the superior colliculus (SC), a midbrain structure regulating head and eye movements, has emerged as a model for dissecting visual circuit development and function...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Anne S Chin, Martin J Willemink, Aya Kino, Virginia Hinostroza, Anna M Sailer, Michael P Fischbein, R Scott Mitchell, Gerald J Berry, D Craig Miller, Dominik Fleischmann
BACKGROUND: Limited intimal tears (LITs) of the aorta (Class 3 dissection variant) are the least common form of aortic pathology in patients presenting with acute aortic syndrome (AAS). LITs are difficult to detect on imaging and may be underappreciated. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the frequency, pathology, treatment, and outcome of LITs compared with other AAS, and to demonstrate that LITs can be detected pre-operatively by contemporary imaging. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed 497 patients admitted for 513 AAS events at a single academic aortic center between 2003 and 2012...
June 19, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Igor Maryanchik, Madhu K Nair
BACKGROUND: Goldenhar syndrome, also known as oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum, is a variant of hemifacial microsomia, a congenital condition affecting primarily aural, oral, and mandibular development, with vertebral anomalies, ocular abnormalities, and epibulbar dermoids. As a complex and heterogeneous condition, this disorder varies from mild to severe, and involvement is unilateral in many cases, but bilateral involvement is also known to occur. It presents several complex problems in treatment, requiring an integrated, multidisciplinary approach...
May 7, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Carla Beatriz Davi, Bruna Pinheiro de Moraes, Bruno Fontes Lichtenfels, João Batista Saldanha de Castro Filho, Marcelle Maria Portal, Rosangela Munhoz Montenegro, Roberto Ceratti Manfro
INTRODUCTION: Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome (PRES) was first described by Hinchey in 1996. The syndrome is characterized by altered level of consciousness, headache, visual changes, and seizures associated with a vasogenic edema of the white matter that occurs predominantly in the occipital and parietal lobes. Imaging tests such as computed tomography (CT) and especially magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) support the diagnosis. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 48-year-old female patient who underwent a deceased donor kidney transplant and received tacrolimus as a part of the immunosuppressive regimen...
January 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
J M Lieb, F J Ahlhelm
CLINICAL ISSUE: Agenesis of the corpus callosum is reported to have an incidence of about 1:4000 live births. In 30-45% of cases, genetic etiologies can be identified, e. g., 10% chromosomal anomalies and 20-35% genetic syndromes. Environmental factors like fetal alcohol syndrome are also known to be prone to callosal agenesis. Callosal agenesis can be complete or partial and can be isolated or associated with other central nervous system (CNS) anomalies (e. g., cortical developmental disorders, callosal lipoma, intracranial cysts) or extra-CNS anomalies (e...
July 2018: Der Radiologe
Frederic Michard
Several techniques are now available to detect and quantify pulmonary edema, from the laboratory postmortem method (gravimetry) to non-invasive wearable sensors. In critically ill patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), computed tomography scans are often performed to visualize lung lesions and quantify lung aeration, but their value seems somewhat limited to quantify pulmonary edema on a routine basis and of course to track changes with therapy. In this context, transpulmonary thermodilution is a convenient technique...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
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