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MPO and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163665/chlorinative-stress-in-age-related-diseases-a-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Marco Casciaro, Eleonora Di Salvo, Elisabetta Pace, Elvira Ventura-Spagnolo, Michele Navarra, Sebastiano Gangemi
Aging is an agglomerate of biological long-lasting processes that result being inevitable. Main actors in this scenario are both long-term inflammation and oxidative stress. It has been proved that oxidative stress induce alteration in proteins and this fact itself is critically important in the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to diseases typical of aging. Among reactive species, chlorine ones such as hypochlorous acid (HOCl) are cytotoxic oxidants produced by activated neutrophils during chronic inflammation processes...
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149817/high-density-lipoprotein-hdl-dysfunction-and-future-of-hdl
#2
Sibel Ertek
Although high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are inversely proportional to cardiovascular risk in many studies, recent pharmacological interventional studies with HDL-C raising strategies did not show a benefit in terms of vascular events. The HDL particle is heterogenous with anti-atherogenic functions and non-vascular effects. Many factors affect HDL components and may either cause compositional changes, post-translational modifications of proteins, or alter lipids and other cargo molecules; generally these factors cause more than one of these changes, resulting in functional differences...
November 16, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899512/nepeta-deflersiana-attenuates-isoproterenol-induced-myocardial-injuries-in-rats-possible-involvement-of-oxidative-stress-apoptosis-inflammation-through-nuclear-factor-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-downregulation
#3
Areej Mohammad Al-Taweel, Mohammad Raish, Shagufta Perveen, Ghada Ahmed Fawzy, Ajaz Ahmad, Mushtaq Ahmad Ansari, Shahid Mudassar, Majid Ahmad Ganaie
BACKGROUND: Nepeta deflersiana (Lamiaceae) is a perennial herb used in the Saudi and Yemeni folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory, carminative, and antirheumatic agent. PURPOSE: This study explores the phytochemistry of the plant and the cardioprotective effect of N. deflersiana ethanolic extract (NDEE) against isoproterenol (ISP)-induced myocardial injury in rats. DESIGN/METHODS: Cardiac function, serum cardiac enzymes, myocardial antioxidants, inflammatory, and apoptotic biomarkers, and histopathological parameters were studied in ISP-injured Wistar rat heart tissues...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864169/molecular-understanding-of-epigallocatechin-gallate-egcg-in-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Qian Yi Eng, Punniyakoti Veeraveedu Thanikachalam, Srinivasan Ramamurthy
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The compound epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major polyphenolic compound present in green tea [Camellia sinensis (Theaceae], has shown numerous cardiovascular health promoting activity through modulating various pathways. However, molecular understanding of the cardiovascular protective role of EGCG has not been reported. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review aims to compile the preclinical and clinical studies that had been done on EGCG to investigate its protective effect on cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in order to provide a systematic guidance for future research...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818791/low-density-lipoprotein-modified-by-myeloperoxidase-oxidants-induces-endothelial-dysfunction
#5
Adrian I Abdo, Benjamin S Rayner, David M van Reyk, Clare L Hawkins
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) modified by hypochlorous acid (HOCl) produced by myeloperoxidase (MPO) is present in atherosclerotic lesions, where it is implicated in the propagation of inflammation and acceleration of lesion development by multiple pathways, including the induction of endothelial dysfunction. Thiocyanate (SCN(-)) ions are utilised by MPO to produce the oxidant hypothiocyanous acid (HOSCN), which reacts with LDL in a different manner to HOCl. Whilst the reactivity of HOCl-modified LDL has been previously studied, the role of HOSCN in the modification of LDL in vivo is poorly defined, although emerging evidence suggests that these particles have distinct biological properties...
August 5, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783097/role-of-salivary-biomarkers-in-detection-of-cardiovascular-diseases-cvd
#6
REVIEW
Saad Abdul Rehman, Zohaib Khurshid, Fayez Hussain Niazi, Mustafa Naseem, Hamed Al Waddani, Haafsa Arshad Sahibzada, Rabia Sannam Khan
Human whole mouth saliva (WMS) is secreted by salivary glands, namely parotid, submandibular/sublingual and other minor glands of the oral cavity. It is secreted in a systematic way, and contain informative proteins and peptides for the early detection of contagious diseases and organ-related diseases. The role of WMS as a liquid biopsy for the detection of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) through Myoglobin (MYO), Cardiac troponin I (cTnI), Creatine phosphokinase MB (CK-MB), Myeloperoxidase (MPO), brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), Exosomal miRNA, C-Reactive Protein (CRP), Matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8), MMP-9 and tissue inhibitor of MMP-8 (TIMP-1), leukotriene B4 has been well reported in last decade, that have been reviewed in the literature comprehensively below...
August 7, 2017: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713008/determining-myeloperoxidase-activity-and-protein-concentration-in-a-single-assay-utility-in-biomarker-and-therapeutic-studies
#7
Muir Russell, Nina Prokoph, Neil Henderson, Susanna Eketjäll, Clare A Balendran, Erik Michaëlsson, Mark Fidock, Glen Hughes
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is predominantly expressed by neutrophils and is an important enzyme used by the immune system for the neutralisation of bacteria and other microorganisms. The strong oxidative activity of MPO has been linked to pro-inflammatory responses in surrounding cells and tissues with implication in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular, neuroscience and inflammatory diseases. This broad disease association has made MPO an attractive biomarker and therapeutic target. Here we describe the construction and validation of a single combined MPO activity and protein concentration assay using commercially available reagents...
October 2017: Journal of Immunological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686951/the-association-between-total-phthalate-concentration-and-non-communicable-diseases-and-chronic-inflammation-in-south-australian-urban-dwelling-men
#8
Peter Y Bai, Gary Wittert, Anne W Taylor, Sean A Martin, Robert W Milne, Alicia J Jenkins, Andrzej S Januszewski, Zumin Shi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between urinary total phthalate concentration, chronic low-grade inflammation and non-communicable diseases in a cohort of South Australian men. METHODS: 1504 men aged 39-84 years who provided a urinary sample at the follow-up visit of the Men Androgen Inflammation Lifestyle Environment and Stress (MAILES) study, a randomly-selected group of urban-dwelling, community-based men from Adelaide, Australia (n = 2038; study participation rate: 78...
October 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678311/regulation-of-mir-92a-on-vascular-endothelial-aging-via-mediating-nrf2-keap1-are-signal-pathway
#9
H Liu, H-Y Wu, W-Y Wang, Z-L Zhao, X-Y Liu, L-Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: Various human aging-related diseases start with vascular aging, in which the aging of vascular endothelium is the first step to cause a structural and functional deficit of vascular endothelium, leading to vascular disorders. MicroRNA (miR) participates in various processes of body development and pathological processes via mediating cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. A previous study showed the correlation between cardiovascular disease and miR-92a, whose role and mechanism in vascular endothelial aging has not been reported...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645072/association-of-the-serum-myeloperoxidase-high-density-lipoprotein-particle-ratio-and-incident-cardiovascular-events-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-observations-from-the-dallas-heart-study
#10
Htet W Khine, John F Teiber, Robert W Haley, Amit Khera, Colby R Ayers, Anand Rohatgi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Myeloperoxidase (MPO), a product of systemic inflammation, promotes oxidation of lipoproteins; whereas, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) exerts anti-oxidative effects in part via paraoxonase-1 (PON1). MPO induces dysfunctional HDL particles; however, the interaction of circulating levels of these measures in cardiovascular disease (CVD) has not been studied in humans. We tested whether serum levels of MPO indexed to HDL particle concentration (MPO/HDLp) are associated with increased CVD risk in a large multiethnic population sample, free of CVD at baseline...
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552694/mesna-2-mercaptoethane-sodium-sulfonate-functions-as-a-regulator-of-myeloperoxidase
#11
Roohi Jeelani, Seyedehameneh Jahanbakhsh, Hamid-Reza Kohan-Ghadr, Mili Thakur, Sana Khan, Sarah R Aldhaheri, Zhe Yang, Peter Andreana, Robert Morris, Husam M Abu-Soud
Myeloperoxidase (MPO), an abundant protein in neutrophils, monocytes, and macrophages, is thought to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of various disorders ranging from cardiovascular diseases to cancer. We show that mesna (2-mercaptoethanesulfonic acid sodium salt), a detoxifying agent, which inhibits side effects of oxazaphosphorine chemotherapy, functions as a potent inhibitor of MPO; modulating its catalytic activity and function. Using rapid kinetic methods, we examined the interactions of mesna with MPO compounds I and II and ferric forms in the presence and absence of chloride (Cl(-)), the preferred substrate of MPO...
May 25, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550240/the-role-of-gst-polymorphism-in-reperfusion-induced-oxidative-stress-inflammatory-responses-and-clinical-complications-after-surgical-and-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#12
Örs Pintér, Péter Hardi, Tibor Nagy, Balázs Gasz, Viktoria Kovács, Endre Arató, László Sínay, László Lénárd, Gábor Jancsó
BACKGROUND: Patients having coronary artery disease treated by coronary bypass or PCI procedure are exposed to tissue damage because of the phenomenon called reperfusion injury. Reperfusion injury can be characterized/monitored by oxidative stress parameters, inflammatory markers and by post-operative complication rate. OBJECTIVE: Beyond the obvious factors determining its severity (affected myocardial mass, ischaemic time, collateral circulation etc.) we examined the GST enzyme group's most cardio selective member, GSTP1 and its genetic polymorphism if there is any genetically determined preventive effect on the above-mentioned parameters...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489953/vascular-function-and-arginine-and-dimethylarginines-in-gentamicin-induced-renal-failure-a-possible-effect-of-heme-oxygenase-1-inducer-hemin
#13
Esra Aycan-Ustyol, Merve Kabasakal, Seldag Bekpinar, F Ilkay Alp-Yıldırım, Ozge Tepe, Murat Giris, Yasemin Ozluk, Yesim Unlucerci, B Sonmez Uydes-Dogan, Mujdat Uysal
Increased oxidative stress and disturbance in nitric oxide bioavailability lead to endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular complication in renal disease. Gentamicin (GM), a commonly used antibiotic, exhibits a toxic effect on renal proximal tubules. Prevention of its nephrotoxicity is important. Therefore, we investigated whether heme oxygenase 1 HO-1) induction influenced kidney and vascular function in GM-administered rats. GM (100 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1); i.p.) was given to rats alone or together with hemin (20 mg·kg(-1) on alternate days; i...
May 10, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425583/sleep-apnea-syndrome-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-hemodialysis-patients
#14
Olga Nikitidou, Euphemia Daskalopoulou, Aikaterini Papagianni, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Aikaterini Michalaki, Foteini Christidou, Paraskevi Argyropoulou, Dimitrios Kirmizis, Georgios Efstratiadis, Pavlos Nikolaidis, Michail Daniilidis, Nicholas Dombros
INTRODUCTION: Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is an established cardiovascular risk factor in the general population related to inflammation and oxidative stress and is very common among hemodialysis patients. Cardiovascular disease and its complications is the main cause of death among hemodialysis patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of SAS in the promotion of inflammation and oxidative stress and thus in the augmentation of cardiovascular risk in hemodialysis patients...
April 20, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361543/inhibition-of-myeloperoxidase-and-neutrophil-mediated-hypochlorous-acid-formation-in-vitro-and-endothelial-cell-injury-by-epigallocatechin-gallate
#15
Rong Tian, Yun Ding, Yi-Yuan Peng, Naihao Lu
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) plays important roles in various diseases through its unique chlorinating activity to catalyze excess hypochlorous acid (HOCl) formation. Epidemiological studies indicate an inverse correlation between plant polyphenol consumption and the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Here we showed that (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the main flavonoid present in green tea, dose-dependently inhibited MPO-mediated HOCl formation in vitro (chlorinating activities of MPO: 50.2 ± 5.7% for 20 μM EGCG versus 100 ± 5...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359134/circulating-extracellular-dna-cause-or-consequence-of-thrombosis
#16
Miguel Jiménez-Alcázar, Natalie Kim, Tobias A Fuchs
Thrombosis leads to ischemic organ damage in cardiovascular and thromboembolic diseases. Neutrophils promote thrombosis in vitro and in vivo by releasing neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). NETs are composed of DNA filaments coated with histones and neutrophil enzymes such as myeloperoxidase (MPO). Circulating extracellular DNA (ceDNA) is widely used as a surrogate marker to monitor NET formation in thrombosis. This narrative review summarizes the association of ceDNA with human thrombosis. Levels of ceDNA indicate the extent and outcome of several cardiovascular and thromboembolic diseases, including myocardial infarction, stroke, and venous thromboembolism...
September 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322753/myeloperoxidase-asymmetric-dimethyl-arginine-and-the-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-in-cardiovascular-risk-patients-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-ludwigshafen-risk-and-cardiovascular-health-luric-study
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sieglinde Zelzer, Dietmar Enko, Stefan Pilz, Andreas Tomaschitz, Winfried März, Andreas Meinitzer
OBJECTIVES: The leukocyte-derived myeloperoxidase (MPO), the nitric oxidase synthase (NOS) inhibitor asymmetrical dimethyl-arginine (ADMA) and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS) are associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This study aimed to investigate potential interactions between the RAAS, ADMA and MPO in cardiovascular risk patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: All in all, 1446 patients, who were referred to coronary angiography, were included in this prospective study...
September 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192240/effects-of-curcumin-on-hdl-functionality
#18
REVIEW
Shiva Ganjali, Christopher N Blesso, Maciej Banach, Matteo Pirro, Muhammed Majeed, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Curcumin, a bioactive polyphenol, is a yellow pigment of the Curcuma longa (turmeric) plant. Curcumin has many pharmacologic effects including antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic, anti-obesity, anti-angiogenic and anti-inflammatory properties. Recently, it has been found that curcumin affects lipid metabolism, and subsequently, may alleviate hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis. Plasma HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) is an independent negative risk predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, numerous clinical and genetic studies have yielded disappointing results about the therapeutic benefit of raising plasma HDL-C levels...
May 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069011/myeloperoxidase-oxidized-high-density-lipoprotein-impairs-atherosclerotic-plaque-stability-by-inhibiting-smooth-muscle-cell-migration
#19
Boda Zhou, Lingyun Zu, Yong Chen, Xilong Zheng, Yuhui Wang, Bing Pan, Min Dong, Enchen Zhou, Mingming Zhao, Youyi Zhang, Lemin Zheng, Wei Gao
BACKGROUND: High density lipoprotein (HDL) has been proved to be a protective factor for coronary heart disease. Notably, HDL in atherosclerotic plaques can be nitrated (NO2-oxHDL) and chlorinated (Cl-oxHDL) by myeloperoxidase (MPO), likely compromising its cardiovascular protective effects. METHOD: Here we determined the effects of NO2-oxHDL and Cl-oxHDL on SMC migration using wound healing and transwell assays, proliferation using MTT and BrdU assays, and apoptosis using Annexin-V assay in vitro, as well as on atherosclerotic plaque stability in vivo using a coratid artery collar implantation mice model...
January 10, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814628/inflammatory-biomarkers-of-coronary-heart-disease
#20
Hongyu Li, Kai Sun, Ruiping Zhao, Jiang Hu, Zhiru Hao, Fei Wang, Yaojun Lu, Fu Liu, Yong Zhang
Coronary heart disease (CHD), characterized by inflammation and accumulation of plaques mainly comprised of lipids, calcium and inflammatory cells in the walls of coronary arteries. CHD is exacerbated by specific cardiovascular risk factors, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. The current review focuses on the critical role of traditional inflammatory biomarkers, including interleukin-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), complement, CD40 and myeloperoxidase (MPO), in the pathogenesis of CHD.
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
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