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MPO and cardiovascular disease

Esra Aycan Ustyol, Merve Kabasakal, Seldag Bekpinar, Ilkay Alp Yıldırım, Ozge Tepe, Murat Giris, Yasemin Ozluk, Yesim Unlucerci, B Sonmez Uydes Dogan, Mujdat Uysal
Increased oxidative stress and disturbance in nitric oxide bioavailability lead to endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular complication in renal disease. Gentamicin (GM), a commonly used antibiotic exhibits a toxic effect on renal proximal tubules. Prevention of its nephrotoxicity is important. Therefore, we investigated whether heme oxygenase (HO)-1 induction influenced kidney and vascular function in GM-administered rats. GM (100 mg/kg/day; ip) was given to rats alone or together with hemin (20 mg/kg/alternate days; ip...
May 10, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Olga Nikitidou, Euphemia Daskalopoulou, Aikaterini Papagianni, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Aikaterini Michalaki, Foteini Christidou, Paraskevi Argyropoulou, Dimitrios Kirmizis, Georgios Efstratiadis, Pavlos Nikolaidis, Michail Daniilidis, Nicholas Dombros
INTRODUCTION: Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is an established cardiovascular risk factor in the general population related to inflammation and oxidative stress and is very common among hemodialysis patients. Cardiovascular disease and its complications is the main cause of death among hemodialysis patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of SAS in the promotion of inflammation and oxidative stress and thus in the augmentation of cardiovascular risk in hemodialysis patients...
April 20, 2017: Hemodialysis International
Rong Tian, Yun Ding, Yi-Yuan Peng, Naihao Lu
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) plays important roles in various diseases through its unique chlorinating activity to catalyze excess hypochlorous acid (HOCl) formation. Epidemiological studies indicate an inverse correlation between plant polyphenol consumption and the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Here we showed that (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the main flavonoid present in green tea, dose-dependently inhibited MPO-mediated HOCl formation in vitro (chlorinating activities of MPO: 50.2 ± 5.7% for 20 μM EGCG versus 100 ± 5...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Miguel Jiménez-Alcázar, Natalie Kim, Tobias A Fuchs
Thrombosis leads to ischemic organ damage in cardiovascular and thromboembolic diseases. Neutrophils promote thrombosis in vitro and in vivo by releasing neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). NETs are composed of DNA filaments coated with histones and neutrophil enzymes such as myeloperoxidase (MPO). Circulating extracellular DNA (ceDNA) is widely used as a surrogate marker to monitor NET formation in thrombosis. This narrative review summarizes the association of ceDNA with human thrombosis. Levels of ceDNA indicate the extent and outcome of several cardiovascular and thromboembolic diseases, including myocardial infarction, stroke, and venous thromboembolism...
March 30, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Sieglinde Zelzer, Dietmar Enko, Stefan Pilz, Andreas Tomaschitz, Winfried März, Andreas Meinitzer
OBJECTIVES: The leukocyte-derived myeloperoxidase (MPO), the nitric oxidase synthase (NOS) inhibitor asymmetrical dimethyl-arginine (ADMA) and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS) are associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This study aimed to investigate potential interactions between the RAAS, ADMA and MPO in cardiovascular risk patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: All in all, 1446 patients, who were referred to coronary angiography, were included in this prospective study...
March 18, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
Shiva Ganjali, Christopher N Blesso, Maciej Banach, Matteo Pirro, Muhammed Majeed, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Curcumin, a bioactive polyphenol, is a yellow pigment of the Curcuma longa (turmeric) plant. Curcumin has many pharmacologic effects including antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic, anti-obesity, anti-angiogenic and anti-inflammatory properties. Recently, it has been found that curcumin affects lipid metabolism, and subsequently, may alleviate hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis. Plasma HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) is an independent negative risk predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, numerous clinical and genetic studies have yielded disappointing results about the therapeutic benefit of raising plasma HDL-C levels...
May 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Boda Zhou, Lingyun Zu, Yong Chen, Xilong Zheng, Yuhui Wang, Bing Pan, Min Dong, Enchen Zhou, Mingming Zhao, Youyi Zhang, Lemin Zheng, Wei Gao
BACKGROUND: High density lipoprotein (HDL) has been proved to be a protective factor for coronary heart disease. Notably, HDL in atherosclerotic plaques can be nitrated (NO2-oxHDL) and chlorinated (Cl-oxHDL) by myeloperoxidase (MPO), likely compromising its cardiovascular protective effects. METHOD: Here we determined the effects of NO2-oxHDL and Cl-oxHDL on SMC migration using wound healing and transwell assays, proliferation using MTT and BrdU assays, and apoptosis using Annexin-V assay in vitro, as well as on atherosclerotic plaque stability in vivo using a coratid artery collar implantation mice model...
January 10, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
Hongyu Li, Kai Sun, Ruiping Zhao, Jiang Hu, Zhiru Hao, Fei Wang, Yaojun Lu, Fu Liu, Yong Zhang
Coronary heart disease (CHD), characterized by inflammation and accumulation of plaques mainly comprised of lipids, calcium and inflammatory cells in the walls of coronary arteries. CHD is exacerbated by specific cardiovascular risk factors, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. The current review focuses on the critical role of traditional inflammatory biomarkers, including interleukin-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), complement, CD40 and myeloperoxidase (MPO), in the pathogenesis of CHD.
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
P Riško, J Pláteník, R Buchal, J Potočková, P J Kraml
The study investigates the relationship between the labile iron pool (LIP) in circulating monocytes and markers of iron metabolism, inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction and arterial elasticity in patients with chronic cardiovascular disease and in healthy volunteers. The patients with a history of CVEs had significantly higher LIP values than did the control group (1.94+/-0.46 microM vs. 1.62+/-0.49 microM, p=0.02). Except for the leukocyte number (WBCs), the groups did not differ in other inflammatory markers (CRPus, CD 163, MPO, MMP-1)...
October 26, 2016: Physiological Research
Julio Acosta Navarro, Luiza Antoniazzi de Gouveia, Lilliam Rocha-Penha, Naiara Cinegaglia, Vanessa Belo, Michele Mazzaron de Castro, Valeria Cristina Sandrim
BACKGROUND: Several evidences report that a vegetarian diet is protector against cardiovascular diseases. Few studies have demonstrated the circulating profile of cardiovascular biomarkers in vegetarians. Therefore, the aims of the current study were compared the plasma concentrations of myeloperoxidase (MPO), metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, MMP-2, tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2 between healthy vegetarian (Veg) and healthy omnivorous (Omn). METHODS: Using ELISA and multiplexed bead immunoassay, we measured in plasma from 43 Veg and 41 Omn the cardiovascular biomarkers concentrations cited above...
October 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Thangapandiyan Shanmugam, Miltonprabu Selvaraj, Senthilraja Poomalai
BACKGROUND: Since this Nrf2-dependent cellular defense response is able to protect multi-organs, including cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, inflammation and chronic lung injury. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential of Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and Nrf2/Keap1 signaling mechanisms in pulmonary toxicity have not been clarified. In the present study, we demonstrated that protective efficacy of EGCG against fluoride (Fl) induced oxidative stress mediated lung injury in rats...
October 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Rui Yamaguchi, Takatoshi Yamamoto, Arisa Sakamoto, Yasuji Ishimaru, Shinji Narahara, Hiroyuki Sugiuchi, Yasuo Yamaguchi
Interferon (IFN)-gamma is highly expressed in atherosclerotic lesions and may have an important role in atherogenesis. Myeloperoxidase (MPO), the most abundant protein in neutrophils, is a marker of plaque vulnerability and a possible bridge between inflammation and cardiovascular disease. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The present study investigated the role of neutrophil activation in atherosclerosis. Adherent macrophages were obtained from primary cultures of human mononuclear cells...
February 2016: Heliyon
D V Grigorieva, I V Gorudko, V A Kostevich, A V Sokolov, I V Buko, V B Vasilyev, L Z Polonetsky, O M Panasenko, S N Cherenkevich
A significant increase in the myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity has been found in plasma of patients with stable angina and with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in comparison with the control group. MPO concentration was significantly increased in plasma of ACS patients. Reduced MPO activity in the treated ACS patients correlated with a favorable outcome of the disease. Generally, changes in plasma MPO concentration coincided with changes in lactoferrin concentration thus confirming the role of neutrophil degranulation in the increase of plasma concentrations of these proteins...
March 2016: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
Qian Yang, Xiaoyong Qi, Yi Dang, Yingxiao Li, Xuelian Song, Xiao Hao
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that myeloperoxidase (MPO) is involved in atrial remodeling of atrial fibrillation (AF). Statins could reduce the MPO levels in patients with cardiovascular diseases. This study evaluated the effects of atorvastatin on MPO level and atrial remodeling in a rabbit model of pacing-induced AF. METHODS: Eighteen rabbits were randomly divided into sham, control and atorvastatin groups. Rabbits in the control and atorvastatin groups were subjected to rapid atrial pacing (RAP) at 600 bpm for 3 weeks, and treated with placebo or atorvastatin (2...
2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Kakali Ghoshal, Sangita Das, Krishnendu Aich, Shyamaprosad Goswami, Subhankar Chowdhury, Maitree Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is common in type 2 diabetes. It is characterised by increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), of which hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is an important component. Type 2 diabetes is characterised not only by hyperglycemia, but also by dyslipidemia. It probably underlies both the development of diabetes and also resulting complications, like cardiovascular disease. We applied a novel fluoroprobe RHQ to estimate endogenous HOCl and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in diabetes and dyslipidemia...
July 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Bojana Kisic, Dijana Miric, Ilija Dragojevic, Julijana Rasic, Ljiljana Popovic
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem. Patients with CKD have a number of disorders in the organism, and the presence of oxidative stress and systemic inflammation in these patients is the subject of numerous studies. Chronic inflammation joined with oxidative stress contributes to the development of numerous complications: accelerated atherosclerosis process and cardiovascular disease, emergence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus, development of malnutrition, anaemia, hyperparathyroidism, and so forth, affecting the prognosis and quality of life of patients with CKD...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Theresanne DeMartino, Rawad El Ghoul, Lu Wang, James Bena, Stanley L Hazen, Russel Tracy, Sanjay R Patel, Dennis Auckley, Reena Mehra
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Data have demonstrated adverse health effects of sleep deprivation. We postulate that oxidative stress and systemic inflammation biomarkers will be elevated in relation to short-term and long-term sleep duration reduction. METHODS: We analyzed data from the baseline examination of a randomized controlled trial involving participants with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Baseline polysomnography provided the total sleep time (PSG-TST, primary predictor); self-reported habitual sleep duration (SR-HSD) data was collected...
July 1, 2016: Sleep
Ashish Agarwal, Anupama Hegde, Charu Yadav, Afzal Ahmad, Poornima A Manjrekar, Rukmini M Srikantiah
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Prediabetes is associated with dysglycemia, obesity, inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, contributing towards the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases rendering them vulnerable for the same. The current study intended to explore the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) related with prediabetes by assessing oxidative stress and inflammation using serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and urine microalbumin (MA) and their correlation with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and physical measurements...
April 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Victor M Victor, Susana Rovira-Llopis, Celia Bañuls, Noelia Diaz-Morales, Arantxa Martinez de Marañon, Cesar Rios-Navarro, Angeles Alvarez, Marcelino Gomez, Milagros Rocha, Antonio Hernández-Mijares
Cardiovascular diseases and oxidative stress are related to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and insulin resistance (IR). We have evaluated the relationship between myeloperoxidase (MPO) and leukocyte activation in PCOS patients according to homeostatic model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR), and have explored a possible correlation between these factors and endocrine and inflammatory parameters. This was a prospective controlled study conducted in an academic medical center. The study population consisted of 101 PCOS subjects and 105 control subjects...
2016: PloS One
Wael N Sayej, Paul R Knight Iii, Weidun Alan Guo, Barbara Mullan, Patricia J Ohtake, Bruce A Davidson, Abdur Khan, Robert D Baker, Susan S Baker
AGEs are a heterogeneous group of molecules formed from the nonenzymatic reaction of reducing sugars with free amino groups of proteins, lipids, and/or nucleic acids. AGEs have been shown to play a role in various conditions including cardiovascular disease and diabetes. In this study, we hypothesized that AGEs play a role in the "multiple hit hypothesis" of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and contribute to the pathogenesis of hepatosteatosis. We measured the effects of various mouse chows containing high or low AGE in the presence of high or low fat content on mouse weight and epididymal fat pads...
2016: BioMed Research International
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