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Política Pública

Ademar Arthur Chioro Dos Reis, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Lumena Almeida Castro Furtado
OBJECTIVE: to examine the problems and challenges facing implementation of policies for Brazilian adolescents, on the basis of narrative review of the findings of the National Survey of School Health (PeNSE). O objetivo do artigo é analisar os principais problemas e desafios para a implementação de políticas públicas voltadas para a adolescência brasileira a partir de revisão narrativa dos resultados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (PeNSE). Ensaio teórico sobre políticas públicas produzido a partir de revisão narrativa das três edições da PeNSE...
September 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Diego Mauricio Bados Enriquez, Karoll Vanessa Ladino Oyola, Juan Sebastian Valderrama Mendoza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
Ana Carolina Ariza, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Juan A Rivera
OBJECTIVE: Describir el papel de la percepción del gusto como factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de obesidad en niños. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ulos científicos publicados en PubMed entre el 1 de enero de 2011 y el 20 de marzo de 2016 para el tema sobrepeso y obesidad en niños de entre 0 y 12 años. Los algoritmos utilizados fueron (Obesity OR Overweight) AND Taste perception, Satiation, Satiety response, Appetite, Appetite regulation, Habituation, Taste receptors [MeSH] y PROP phenotype...
July 2018: Salud Pública de México
Maria Aparecida Salci, Betina Hörner Schlindwein Meirelles, Denise Maria Vieira Guerreiro da Silva
Objective: To assess the prevention by primary health care providers of chronic complications of diabetes mellitus according to the complex thinking theoretical approach. Method: Evaluative research based on the complex thinking theoretical approach. The following techniques for data collection were used: interviews with 38 participants; observation in collective and individual appointments; and analysis of medical records of people with diabetes. The triangulation applied for data analysis was the ATLAS...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Luiz Carlos Corrêa da Silva, Alberto José de Araújo, Ângela Maria Dias de Queiroz, Maria da Penha Uchoa Sales, Maria Vera Cruz de Oliveira Castellano
Smoking is the most preventable and controllable health risk. Therefore, all health care professionals should give their utmost attention to and be more focused on the problem of smoking. Tobacco is a highly profitable product, because of its large-scale production and great number of consumers. Smoking control policies and treatment resources for smoking cessation have advanced in recent years, showing highly satisfactory results, particularly in Brazil. However, there is yet a long way to go before smoking can be considered a controlled disease from a public health standpoint...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Laís Silveira Costa
The contemporary context of population aging, itsthe population's different health and disease characteristics, and the growing incorporation of technologies by healthcare systems have highlighted the need to adjust the healthcare structure as a whole. The defense of a democratic and sustainable system reveals the importance of understanding how changes in healthcare take place. The current article aims to contribute to the understanding of innovation in healthcare services. The study's results indicate that the existence of certain knowledge gaps means that public policies tend to overlook a whole rangeseries of innovations normally associated with social changes, with a consequentwith an impact on human development, social cohesion, equality, and equity, allcentral issues that are central toin the field of collective public healthcare field...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Mario Roberto Dal Poz, Maria Helena Costa Couto, Thais de Andrade Vidaurre Franco
The article analyzes the configuration and trends in institutions of Higher Education and their relationship as components of the Health Economic-Industrial Complex (HEIC). The expansion of higher education is part of the transition from elite to mass systems, with tensions between quantitative and qualitative aspects. Such changes reflect different cultures and are related to international phenomena such as globalization, economic transformations, the development of new information and communication technologies, and the emergence of an international knowledge network...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Paulo Bastos Tigre, Caio Victor Machado França do Nascimento, Laís Silveira Costa
The Brazilian pharmaceutical industry is heavily dependent on external sources of inputs, capital, and technology. However, the emergence of technological opportunities and the development of biotechnology and the decline of the patent boom and resulting advances by generic drugs have opened windows of opportunities for the local industry. The article examines the Brazilian industry's innovative behavior vis-à-vis these opportunities, showing that although the industry as a whole invests little in innovation, a few large Brazilian companies have expanded their market share and stepped up their investments in research and development, supported by public policies for innovation...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Paulo Marchiori Buss, Claudia Chamas, Miriam Faid, Carlos Morel
This text main objective is to discuss development and health from the perspective of the influence of global health governance, using as the tracer the dimension of research, development, and innovation policies in health, which relate to both important inputs for the health system, like drugs and medicines, vaccines, diagnostic reagents, and equipment, and innovative concepts and practices for the improvement of health systems and public health. The authors examine the two main macro-processes that influence development and health: the post-2015 Development Agenda and the process under way in the World Health Organization concerning research and development, intellectual property, and access to health inputs...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Luisa Fernanda Rodríguez-Villalba, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista
Objetivo: el propósito del estudio fue relacionar la etapa en el cambio en el comportamiento frente a la actividad física y el estado nutricional en escolares de Bogotá, Colombia, pertenecientes al estudio FUPRECOL.Método: se trata de un estudio transversal, realizado en 8.000 niños y adolescentes de entre 9 y 17 años, pertenecientes a 24 instituciones educativas. Se aplicó de manera autodiligenciada el cuestionario de cambio de comportamiento en función de la intención de realizar actividad física (CCC-FUPRECOL) y se midió el peso y la estatura para determinar el estado nutricional con el índice de masa corporal (IMC)...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, João Luiz Bastos, Paulo Frazão, Paulo Capel Narvai, Marco Aurélio Peres
This study describes the scientific production on oral health diffused in Revista de Saúde Pública, in the 50 years of its publication. A narrative review study was carried out using PubMed, as it is the search database that indexes all issues of the journal. From 1967 to 2015, 162 manuscripts specifically focused on oral health themes were published. This theme was present in all volumes of the journal, with increasing participation over the years. Dental caries was the most studied theme, constantly present in the journal since its first issue...
September 1, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
Maria Terumi Maruyama Kami, Liliana Muller Larocca, Maria Marta Nolasco Chaves, Laura Christina Macedo Piosiadlo, Guilherme Souza Albuquerque
OBJECTIVE: To identify ideological knowledge and tool knowledgethat provide support to the Street Outreach Office working process. METHOD: Qualitative and exploratory research. TwentyStreet Outreach Office professionals and six users collected the data, applying different semi-structured interview schedules for each category of participants. The resulting categories were analyzed in light of tool and ideological knowledge presented in the working process. RESULTS: From the participant discourses the following ideological knowledge emerged: public policies and the needs of the person ina street situation and tool knowledge, as well as devices and tools for the care of people in street situations and a weekly schedule...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Helton Saragor de Souza, Áquilas Nogueira Mendes
OBJECTIVE: To relate hospitals' organizational structure as the core of a web of outsourced services and flexible employment bonds among healthcare professionals in the context of finance capitalism, analyzing work arrangements based mainly on the type of employment bond. METHOD: Qualitative research through ethnography, interviews, data analysis, and case studies. The case studies were concentrated in 3 hospitals located in the São Paulo metropolitan region under different management types: public administration; outsourced administration via a healthcare social organization (HSO); and private administration...
April 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Ana Luiza Vilela Borges, Osmara Alves Dos Santos, Natália de Castro Nascimento, Christiane Borges do Nascimento Chofakian, Flávia Azevedo Gomes-Sponholz
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess preconception health behaviors among Brazilian women, and analyze the effect of pregnancy planning status in carrying out preconception measures. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional quantitative study conducted with 807 women, of whom 649 had a planned or ambivalent pregnancy. Preconception health behaviors were assessed by the Brazilian version of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy. RESULTS: Preconception health behaviors were performed by only 15...
April 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Thiago Hérick de Sá, Rafael Henrique Moraes Pereira, Ana Clara Duran, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To present national estimates regarding walking or cycling for commuting in Brazil and in 10 metropolitan regions. METHODS: By using data from the Health section of 2008's Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílio (Brazil's National Household Sample Survey), we estimated how often employed people walk or cycle to work, disaggregating our results by sex, age range, education level, household monthly income per capita, urban or rural address, metropolitan regions, and macro-regions in Brazil...
June 27, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
Cd Kernkamp, E M Massuda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Laianna Victoria Santiago Silva, Patrícia Sayuri de Lima Tanaka, Maria Raquel Gomes Maia Pires
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the learning built during the matches of the games by students of the subject Gestão de Políticas Públicas em Saúde at the Universidade de Brasília. METHOD: Exploratory, descriptive research, in a qualitative approach, with 26 students from various graduation courses in health, using a questionnaire and participant observation. RESULTS: Participants reinvented rules, related issues addressed in the games to the reality, interacted with colleagues and had fun throughout the match...
January 2015: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Luana Machado Andrade, Edite Lago da Silva Sena, Gleide Magali Lemos Pinheiro, Edmeia Campos Meira, Lais Santana Santos Pereira Lira
This paper is an integrative review analyzing the scientific production and legal documents regarding public policies for the elderly in Brazil. Research was conducted in the Virtual Health Library and Scopus databases, examining publications since 2003. Data were collected from June to September of 2011 using the following key words: "elderly" (idosos), "public policies" (políticas públicas), "elderly person" (pessoa idosa), "aging" (envelhecimento) and "civic participation" (participação cidadã). The search resulted in the selection of 15 articles and six legal documents targeted at the elderly in Brazil that were submitted to content analysis by categorization...
December 2013: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Cristiane Gonçalves da Silva, Alessandro Oliveira Santos, Daniele Carli Licciardi, Vera Paiva, Richard Parker
Esse artigo descreve como jovens religiosos e autoridades religiosas de sua comunidade compreendem a sexualidade, considerando suas experiências pessoais e como membros de comunidades religiosas. A análise pretende contribuir para que políticas públicas dedicadas à promoção da saúde sexual da juventude considerem a religiosidade, no contexto de um estado laico e da promoção do direito à prevenção. Foram realizadas 26 entrevistas abertas e semidirigidas em diferentes comunidades da região metropolitana da cidade de São Paulo (comunidades católicas, da umbanda, do candomblé e de diferentes denominações evangélicas) sobre iniciação sexual, casamento, gravidez, contracepção e prevenção das DST/Aids, homossexualidade, aborto e direitos humanos...
2008: Psicologia Em Estudo
Gilvan Ramalho Guedes, André Junqueira Caetano, Carla Jorge Machado, Eduardo Sonewend Brondízio
O método Grade of Membership (GoM) tem sido cada vez mais utilizado por demógrafos brasileiros e tem a vantagem de possuir um parâmetro que mensura a heterogeneidade individual, com base nas correlações não-observáveis entre as categorias de resposta das variáveis de interesse, gerando um medida do grau de pertencimento de cada indivíduo a perfis extremos. Alguns autores, contudo, chamam atenção para questões importantes na calibragem dos modelos finais que utilizam o programa GoM versão 3.4, como o problema de identificabilidade - soluções múltiplas para parâmetros estimados...
January 2010: Revista Brasileira de Estudos de População
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