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Metodologías

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047931/evaluaci%C3%A3-n-de-la-din%C3%A3-mica-cardiaca-con-la-aplicaci%C3%A3-n-de-metodolog%C3%A3-as-basadas-en-entrop%C3%A3-a-proporcional-y-la-ley-zipf-mandelbrot
#1
Javier Rodríguez, Signed Prieto, Leonardo Ramírez
Introducción: Las metodologías fisicomatemáticas son de utilidad para el diagnóstico de la dinámica cardiaca. Objetivo: Comparar la aplicación de dos métodos matemáticos de evaluación de la dinámica cardiaca. Una basada en proporciones de la entropía y otra en la ley de Zipf-Mandelbrot. Método: Se tomaron 10 registros Holter, cinco de pacientes con enfermedad aguda y cinco normales. Se construyó un atractor numérico, se evaluó la probabilidad, entropía y proporciones de entropía...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902136/-evaluation-in-18-hours-of-cardiac-dynamics-with-the-mathematical-law-of-dynamic-systems
#2
Signed Esperanza Prieto Bohórquez, Javier Oswaldo Rodríguez Velásquez, Catalina Correa Herrera, Juan Mauricio Pardo Oviedo, Javier Ardila
Introduction: an exponential law has been found for chaotic dynamic cardiac systems, making it possible to quantify the differences between normal and pathological cardiac dynamics. Methodology: 120 electrocardiographic records were analyzed, 40 corresponded to subjects within the limits of normality and 80 with different pathologies. For each holter the attractors generated with the data during 18 hours and throughout the dynamics were analyzed. The fractal dimension of the attractor and its spatial occupation were calculated...
December 21, 2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890103/el-cigarrillo-electr%C3%A3-nico-no-todo-lo-que-brilla-es-oro
#3
REVIEW
Fernando Astur Camporro, Ignacio Gutierrez Magaldi, Exequiel Bulacio
Introducción: El tabaquismo es la primera causa evitable de muerte en el mundo. El cigarrillo electrónico (CE), es un dispositivo que simula a los cigarrillos convencionales y permite inhalar nicotina y otras sustancias de forma vaporizada, sin combustión de tabaco. Su conocimiento por parte de la población general, así como su comercialización y consumo viene en constante aumento. Es utilizado en todo el mundo con el objetivo de disminuir el consumo de tabaco, lograr su abandono o poder utilizarlo en lugares públicos donde el consumo de cigarrillos convencionales está prohibido...
September 8, 2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874709/vitamin-d-and-risk-of-preeclampsia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Norma Cecilia Serrano-Díaz, Edna Magaly Gamboa-Delgado, Clara Lucía Domínguez-Urrego, Andrea Liliana Vesga-Varela, Sergio Eduardo Serrano-Gómez, Doris Cristina Quintero-Lesmes
Introduction: Human vitamin D levels have been increasingly related to a wide range of clinical outcomes. There is a large amount of reports on its associations, especially with obstetric complications, including preeclampsia and gestational diabetes. These results are scarcely consistent and there is still a lack of quality intervention studies to confirm the role of vitamin D in those outcomes. Objective: To review the available scientific evidence on the role of maternal vitamin D in the development of preeclampsia...
May 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733061/graphical-and-numerical-skills-in-pre-and-postgraduate-medical-students-from-a-private-university
#5
Guiliana Mas, Tania Tello, Pedro Ortiz, Dafina Petrova, Rocío García-Retamero
Introduction: Physicians and medical students need to understand numerical and graphical health data in order to provide patients with correct information. Objective: The graphical and numerical skills of medical students and residents from a private university in Lima, Peru, were determined in this investigation. Method: Cross-sectional, descriptive study. The Objective Numeracy, Subjective Numeracy and Graph Literacy Scales were applied to medical students at their two final years of medical school and to medical residents...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684901/an%C3%A3-lisis-de-costo-de-la-enfermedad-del-tratamiento-las-complicaciones-e-intervenciones-de-la-hipercolesterolemia-en-m%C3%A3-xico-en-2016
#6
German Baeza-Cruz, Gustavo Peniche-Otero, Mónica E Alva-Esqueda, Mariana Naranjo-Muedano, Noé Soria-Suárez, Héctor J Morales-Flores
OBJETIVOS: Describir los costos y el impacto económico de la atención de pacientes diagnosticados con hipercolesterolemia en México en el año 2016. METODOLOGíA: Se desarrolla una evaluación económica del tipo análisis de costo de la enfermedad donde se cuantifican los recursos médicos utilizados para el tratamiento de la hipercolesterolemia así como para sus complicaciones. Los costos de los recursos médicos utilizados son obtenidos de los costos unitarios por nivel de atención del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) así como de las licitaciones publicadas en el portal de compras del IMSS...
April 20, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513081/implementaci%C3%A3-n-de-un-modelo-de-capacitaci%C3%A3-n-multimedial-para-brindar-orientaci%C3%A3-n-alimentaria-a-los-beneficiarios-de-un-programa-de-ayuda-social-en-m%C3%A3-xico
#7
Maritza Alejandra Amaya-Castellanos, María Del Carmen Morales-Ruan, Rebeca Uribe-Carvajal, Alejandra Jiménez-Aguilar, Araceli Apolonia Salazar-Coronel, Brenda Martínez-Tapia, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Introducción: Se implementó un modelo de capacitación en orientación alimentaria para la población beneficiaria y el personal operativo del Programa de Abasto Rural (PAR) de Diconsa, el cual es una iniciativa social de ayuda alimentaria que abastece productos básicos y complementarios, además de brindar capacitación en localidades de alta marginación en México. Objetivo: Documentar la utilización de la Metodología de Capacitación Multimedial (MCM) en el desarrollo de un esquema de capacitación sobre orientación alimentaria y su implementación en la población beneficiaria del PAR, a través de la propia estructura operativa del PAR...
March 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420520/frecuency-of-antigens-and-alloantibodies-of-diego-system-in-blood
#8
Fernando B Góngora, Rosa F Chiriboga-Ponce
Introduction: The Diego blood group is an irregular blood system which has been involved in cases of hemolytic disease of the newborn and post transfusion reactions, in this system have been identified 22 erythrocyte antigens, among which the pair Dia /Dib is the most important because those have the most immunogenic potential. Objective: This research aims to determine the frequency of antigen Dia and their respective alloantibody in the Ecuadorian population. Methods: It was performed a simple random sampling in the donor population, being later tested tube agglutination by the presence or absence of the antigen and its alloantibody Dia applying gel agglutination technique...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977234/developing-skills-learning-in-obstetric-nursing-approaches-between-theory-and-practice
#9
Maria de Fátima Gomes Lima, Alice Maria Correia Pequeno, Dafne Paiva Rodrigues, Cleide Carneiro, Ana Patrícia Pereira Morais, Francisca Diana da Silva Negreiros
Objective: To analyze the development of professional skills in an obstetric nursing graduate course. Method: Qualitative research, applying semi-structured interviews with 11 students in the obstetric nursing specialization at the State University of Ceará. Data was submitted to thematic review. Results: According to the subjects, the course offers the development of skills to strengthen and expand the range of activities in obstetric nursing...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860416/the-adequacy-of-the-q-methodology-for-clinical-validation-of-nursing-diagnoses-related-to-subjective-foci
#10
Susana Miguel, Sílvia Caldeira, Margarida Vieira
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the adequacy of the Q methodology as a new option for the validation of nursing diagnoses related to subjective foci. METHODS: Discussion paper about the characteristics of the Q methodology. FINDINGS: This method has been used in nursing research particularly related to subjective concepts and includes both a quantitative and qualitative dimension. CONCLUSIONS: The Q methodology seems to be an adequate and innovative method for the clinical validation of nursing diagnoses...
April 2018: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764929/-mortality-from-respiratory-diseases-in-the-provinces-of-apulia-region-southern-italy-from-1933-to-2010
#11
Maria Rosa Montinari, Emilio Antonio Luca Gianicolo, Maria Angela Vigotti
OBIETTIVI: valutare l'andamento temporale della mortalità per patologie respiratorie nelle province pugliesi utilizzando dati omogenei per fonte e metodologia di calcolo. DISEGNO: analisi ecologica storica degli andamenti temporali di mortalità per tumori e patologie dell'apparato respiratorio nelle province pugliesi, in Puglia e nelle ripartizioni geografiche italiane dal 1933 al 2010. SETTING E PARTECIPANTI: i dati di mortalità e le popolazioni residenti sono di fonte Istat. Sono state esaminate tutte le cause di decesso, il tumore della laringe, il tumore del polmone, l'insieme dei tumori respiratori, la bronchite, la polmonite e la broncopolmonite considerate congiuntamente, e l'insieme delle patologie respiratorie...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759994/calcium-supplementation-for-reducing-weight-in-people-with-obesity-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#12
REVIEW
Raúl Aguilera Eguía, Paula Jessica Jorquera Pino, Claudia Jaqueline Salgado, Cherie Flores
Introducción: actualmente la obesidad es considerada un problema de salud pública, y en la mayor parte de los países ha evolucionado como una pandemia, presentando un incremento en su prevalencia y severidad.Objetivo:resumir las revisiones sistemáticas Cochrane y no Cochrane que evalúen el efecto de la suplementación de calcio en la disminución de grasa corporal en personas obesas.Materiales y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda en la base de datos Medline (1980-septiembre 2015), Metabuscador TripDatabase y Epistemonikos (hasta septiembre 2015), Cochrane BVS (hasta septiembre 2015), se buscó de forma manual en revistas relacionadas con el tema de interés, en actas de congresos, se realizó seguimiento de referencias relevantes y se contactó con expertos en el área...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759991/percepci%C3%A3-n-de-embarazadas-y-matronas-acerca-de-los-consejos-nutricionales-durante-la-gestaci%C3%A3-n
#13
Rosana Espuig Sebastián, Ana Lucía Noreña Peña, Ernesto Cortés Castel, Juan de Diego González-San
Introducción: el estado nutricional previo de la embarazada, la adecuada ganancia de peso y la ingesta de ciertos nutrientes pueden tener una influencia importante tanto para la madre como para el recién nacido, a corto y largo plazo. Las recomendaciones de la Organización Mundial de la Salud son transmitidas durante el control del embarazo por la matrona.Objetivos: analizar los principales estudios sobre la percepción de las embarazadas acerca de los consejos nutricionales recibidos e identificar las estrategias utilizadas por las matronas para su implementación...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571651/-not-available
#14
Fernando Vio, Lydia Lera, Judith Salinas
Objetivo: mediante la técnica de consenso Delphi, conocer la opinión de un grupo de expertos en nutrición, educación y gastronomía para buscar consenso sobre metodologías educativas en alimentación saludable, alumnos de tercero a quinto año básico, sus familias y profesores.Métodos: con los resultados de encuestas y grupos focales realizados previamente a niños, padres y profesores, se elaboró un cuestionario que fue enviado a 51 expertos en nutrición, educación y gastronomía en una primera ronda...
July 19, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556541/multiprofissional-electronic-protocol-in-ophtalmology-with-enfasis-in-strabismus
#15
Christie Graf Ribeiro, Ana Tereza Ramos Moreira, José Simão DE Paula Pinto, Osvaldo Malafaia
OBJECTIVE: to create and validate an electronic database in ophthalmology focused on strabismus, to computerize this database in the form of a systematic data collection software named Electronic Protocol, and to incorporate this protocol into the Integrated System of Electronic Protocols (SINPE(c)). METHODS: this is a descriptive study, with the methodology divided into three phases: (1) development of a theoretical ophthalmologic database with emphasis on strabismus; (2) computerization of this theoretical ophthalmologic database using SINPE(c) and (3) interpretation of the information with demonstration of results to validate the protocol...
May 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513513/-not-available
#16
REVIEW
Marta Baena González, Guillermo Molina Recio
Introducción: la disfagia es un síntoma que se refiere a la dificultad para mover el bolo alimentario desde la boca al estómago. A pesar de su relevancia y de la gravedad de sus posibles complicaciones, es poco conocida y estudiada. La prevalencia de la disfagia orofaríngea en enfermosde alzhéimer es de un 84% y puede originar complicaciones de gran trascendencia clínica como consecuencia de las alteraciones en la eficacia de la deglución, y en la seguridad de la misma.Objetivo: conocer el estado actual del conocimiento en relación al abordaje de la disfagia en enfermos de alzhéimer, localizando aquellos factores que permitan un diagnóstico precoz que facilite la prevención de complicaciones y la elección de la pauta de actuación más adecuada...
June 30, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509011/evaluation-in-health-participatory-methodology-and-involvement-of-municipal-managers
#17
Cristiane Andrea Locatelli de Almeida, Oswaldo Yoshimi Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: To analyze scopes and limits of the use of participatory methodology of evaluation with municipal health managers and administrators. METHODS: Qualitative research with health policymakers and managers of the Comissão Intergestores Regional (CIR - Regional Interagency Commission) of a health region of the state of Sao Paulo in Brazil. Representatives from seven member cities participated in seven workshops facilitated by the researchers, with the aim of assessing a specific problem of the care line, which would be used as a tracer of the system integrality...
August 4, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384275/the-illness-experience-palliative-care-given-the-impossibility-of-healing
#18
Margarida Maria Florêncio Dantas, Maria Cristina Lopes de Almeida Amazonas
This paper presents a reflection about being terminally ill and the various ways that the subject has at its disposal to deal with this event. The objective is to understand the experience of palliation for patients undergoing no therapeutic possibilities of cure. The methodology of this study has the instruments to semi-structured interview, the participant observation and the field diary, and the Descriptive Analysis of Foucault's inspiration how the narratives of the subjects were perceived. The Results of paper there was the possibility of looking at the experience of illness through the eyes of a subject position assumed by the very sick...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384273/the-development-of-communication-skills-and-the-teacher-s-performance-in-the-nursing-student-s-perspective
#19
Karime Rodrigues Emilio de Oliveira, Eliana Mara Braga
OBJECTIVE: To understand experiences in the development of communication skills and the teacher's role in this teaching-learning process under the perspective of undergraduate nursing students by considering two types of curriculum organization. METHOD: Descriptive study with a qualitative approach conducted in two public schools located in São Paulo state, Brazil. Data were collected by means of self-completed forms from 81 students in the second and fourth years of the undergraduate program...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306923/the-nursing-diagnosis-development-of-unemployment-disorder-content-validation-with-nursing-experts
#20
Anna Bocchino, María Jesús Medialdea, Isabel Lepiani, Concepción Mejías, María Dueñas
PURPOSE: This study aimed to validate the definition and define the characteristics and related factors of unemployment disorder, a proposed nursing diagnosis. METHODS: Using Fehring's diagnostic content validity model, Spanish experts were asked to assess the adequacy of the label, defining the characteristics and other related factors. FINDINGS: The content validity index was 0.8690. A total of 16 defining characteristics reached major criteria (>0...
October 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
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