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Daniela Moyano, María Cecilia Scándolo, Nilda Raquel Perovic
The study aimed to evaluate the contribution of school agroecology to the quality of life related to health of adolescents of a school of Cordoba, Argentina. Feasibility study. It was a study quasi- experimental whit control group carried out in a middle-level public school. The sample consisted of 58 adolescents in the intervention group and 77 in the control group. After the intervention increased consumption of agro-ecological food (from 26% to 74% p<0,05). Changes were detected in acquired knowledge about agroecology in the classroom level going from 37% to 63% (p< 0,05)...
June 13, 2018: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
Zamira E Soto-Varela, Clara Gilma Gutiérrez, Yurina De Moya, Ramón Mattos, Hernando José Bolívar-Anillo, José Luis Villarreal
Introduction: Each year approximately 3 million people die as the result of foodborne diseases. The fresh artisan (handmade) cheese produced and distributed in the Colombian Caribbean region is a native product from the departments of Córdoba, Sucre, Bolívar, Atlántico, Magdalena, Cesar, and La Guajira. Its mass consumption increases the risk of infection with Salmonella spp., Listeria spp., and Brucella spp., as it is made with a very rustic technology, with unpasteurized cow milk, without standardized and hygienic procedures and its storage is inadequate...
August 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Ana Carolina Ariza, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Juan A Rivera
OBJECTIVE: Describir el papel de la percepción del gusto como factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de obesidad en niños. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ulos científicos publicados en PubMed entre el 1 de enero de 2011 y el 20 de marzo de 2016 para el tema sobrepeso y obesidad en niños de entre 0 y 12 años. Los algoritmos utilizados fueron (Obesity OR Overweight) AND Taste perception, Satiation, Satiety response, Appetite, Appetite regulation, Habituation, Taste receptors [MeSH] y PROP phenotype...
July 2018: Salud Pública de México
Marisa Beatriz Vazquez, Damián Conti, Natalia Hamicha, Gabriela Martínez, Mariana Paez, Verónica Zulez, Natalia Elorriaga
The promotion of healthy feeding for the child and family is essential to support the growth and the prevention and treatment of chronic no communicable diseases. Factors influencing food choices are varied. In childhood, although not exclusively, the mother essentially transmits food education. The objective was: to describe the reasons that consider a group of women-mothers of Buenos Aires when selecting food. A structured, self-administered food choice questionnaire with 39 motives was used and a principal component analysis was carried out to synthesize them into groups...
September 8, 2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
Alicia Norma Alayón, Ana Patricia Rivadeneira, Carlos Herrera, Heidy Guzmán, Dioneris Arellano, Isabella Echeverri
Introduction: The postprandial stage is associated with the increase of markers related to cardiovascular risk, and its intensity depends on the metabolic state. Objective: To determine the impact of a high-fat meal intake on the metabolic and inflammatory profile, and its relationship to abdominal obesity. Materials and methods: This clinical trial included 42 individuals (21 with abdominal obesity). We measured glucose, insulin, lipid profile, reactive C protein, lipopolysaccharides, and interleukin 6 in fasting blood, and four hours after eating...
May 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Yina Marcela Guaca-González, Gladys Fernanda Flórez-Restrepo, José Ignacio Moncayo-Ortíz, Jorge Santacruz-Ibarra, Adalucy Álvarez-Aldana
Introducción. Staphylococcus aureus coloniza mucosas y piel, y causa graves infecciones en el hombre y los animales. Es importante establecer el estatus de portadoras de cepas enterotoxigénicas de este microorganismo en manipuladoras de alimentos, con el fin de prevenir intoxicaciones alimentarias.Objetivo. Establecer las correlaciones entre los genes de enterotoxinas clásicas, el gen tsst-1, la producción de toxinas en cultivo y la resistencia antimicrobiana en aislamientos de S. aureus provenientes de manipuladoras de alimentos que cuidan niños en sus comunidades...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Samer Kassem, Gabriella Ricciardi, Luca Salvi, Marina Alimento
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
María de Jesús Ibarra-Salas, Hilda Irene Novelo-Huerta, Marcela Alejandra De León-Salas, Mayra Elisa Sánchez-Murillo, María Del Carmen Mata-Obregón, Aurora de Jesús Garza-Juárez
There is evidence that support the clinical usage of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) in the prevention of chronic disease. Objective: To determine the GI and GL of the Opuntia ficus-indica fruit. Methodology: An analytic, transversal study was made involving 25 healthy volunteers accepted by an informed consent with a normal body mass index, glucose, glycoside hemoglobin, cholesterol and serum triglycerides. The homogeneity of the population was evaluated with anthropometrical and biochemical data using principal component analysis (PCA)...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
Ana María Ambrosio, Mauricio Andrés Mariani, Andrea Soledad Maiza, Graciela Susana Gamboa, Sebastián Edgardo Fossa, Alejando Javier Bottale
Argentinian hemorrhagic Fever (AHF) is a febrile, acute disease caused by Junín virus (JUNV), a member of the Arenaviridae. Different approaches to obtain an effective antigen to prevent AHF using complete live or inactivated virus, as well as molecular constructs, have reached diverse development stages. This chapter refers to JUNV live attenuated vaccine strain Candid #1, currently used in Argentina to prevent AHF. A general standardized protocol used at Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas (Pergamino, Pcia...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Catalina Dussaillant, Guadalupe Echeverría, Jaime Rozowski, Nicolás Velasco, Antonio Arteaga, Attilio Rigotti
Eggs are a highly nutritive food. They contain high quality protein and several nutrients with potential health benefi ts. Nevertheless, the appearance of cardiovascular disease as an important public health issue, with high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide, along with the identifi cation of high blood cholesterol levels as a risk factor for this disease, was responsible for the advice to limit dietary cholesterol (and, therefore, eggs) that was promoted by health care professionals and institutions during the 70s...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Antoni García Gabarra, Marta Castellà Soley, Alicia Calleja Fernández
The aim of this document is to refl ect the changes happened in the European Union legislation and the opinions of the European Food Safety Authority in relation to the nutritional labeling on food, the reference values for energy, macronutrients and micronutrients, and the tolerable upper safe levels. The European legislation in force uses the labeling reference values established by the Scientific Committee on Food in 2003. There would be advisable an update of them from the reference values for vitamins and minerals established by the European Food Safety Authority...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Sonia Olivares Cortes, Jacqueline Araneda Flores, Gladys Morales Illanes, Bárbara Leyton Dinamarca, Nelly Bustos Zapata, María Angélica Hernández Moreno, María Teresa Oyarzún Macchiavello
Background: On June 27th 2016 the law that regulates sale and advertising of foods high in critical nutrients was implemented in Chile. This law regulates the processed food packaging labelling of foods high in calories, saturated fats, sugars and sodium. Objective: To determine 8-12 year old school children attitudes, from different socioeconomic levels (SEL) and nutritional status, toward the new food labelling law. Methods: A previously validated survey was applied, adding questions regarding the new logos to be added on the packaging of foods and beverages...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Lorena Fernández-Palacios, Gaspar Ros-Berruezo, Elsa Barrientos-Augustinus, Elizabeth Jirón de Caballero, Carmen Frontela-Saseta
Objective: In the present study we analyzed 18 baby food (10 made from traditional Honduran recipes, and 8 industrial baby food sold in that country) involving the staple food of Honduran excluded infants breast milk and infant formulas. Material and methods: The content and bioaccesibility (soluble and dialysable fractions) of Fe and Zn were determined. For thisin vitro gastrointestinal digestion in a first phase of gastric digestion (pepsin) followed by a second phase of intestinal digestion (with pancreatin and bile salts) was simulated...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Gema Muñoz de Mier, María Del Carmen Lozano Estevan, Carlos Santiago Romero Magdalena, Javier Pérez de Diego, Pablo Veiga Herreros
Objective: The purpose of this research is to assess the quality of the diet taken by the students of Universidad Alfonso X El Sabio (Madrid) and to learn whether having a specific knowledge about nutrition produce positive effects in food behavior. Methods: 390 students were tested, 72.63% of them studied degrees in relation to health sciences whereas the remaining 27.37% did not. The students were between 18 and 25 years old. The information was gathered through a questionnaire. This information dealt with frequency of food consumption as well as weight and height in order to get the body mass index...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Karina Oyarce Merino, Macarena Valladares Vega, Roberto Elizondo-Vega, Ana María Obregón
Introducción: cambios socioculturales como el incremento en el sedentarismo y el consumo de alimentos ricos en grasas y azúcares, sumado a características genéticas, han producido un aumento en las cifras de obesidad a nivel mundial. La evaluación temprana en niños, mediante el establecimiento de perfi les genéticos asociados a obesidad y a la regulación metabólica y hedónica de la alimentación, complementado con estudios de la conducta alimentaria, nos permitiría predecir la predisposición a la obesidad en etapas adultas...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Juan José López Gómez, José Luis Pérez Castrillón, Enrique Romero Bobillo, Daniel A De Luis Román
La obesidad interfiere con el metabolismo óseo a través de factores mecánicos, hormonales e inflamatorios. El principal tratamiento de dicha enfermedad es la dieta, modificación de la cantidad y tipo de alimento. Este tratamiento nutricional tiene una influencia sobre el metabolismo óseo en dos sentidos: modifica el efecto del sobrepeso y la obesidad sobre el hueso e interviene directamente en el turnoveróseo a través de las características de los nutrientes utilizados. Esta revisión analiza la evidencia del efecto sobre el hueso del descenso de peso y del patrón dietético utilizado...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Ana Clariza Samayoa, Wei-Ting Chen, Shaw-Yhi Hwang
The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae), was reared on artificial diet (wheat bran and chicken feed) in the laboratory at 28ºC (immature stages) and under a greenhouse set at 28ºC (adults). Data were collected and analyzed based on an age-stage, two-sex life table. The intrinsic rate of increase (r), finite rate of increase (λ), net reproduction rate (R0 ), and mean generation time (T) were 0.0759 (d-1 ), 1.0759 (d-1 ), 68.225 offspring, and 55.635 d, respectively. The maximum reproductive value of females occurred at 54 d...
December 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
María Paz Redondo Del Río, Beatriz De Mateo Silleras, Laura Carreño Enciso, José Manuel Marugán de Miguelsanz, Marina Fernández McPhee, María Alicia Camina Martín
Introducción: la alimentación de los jóvenes universitarios se aleja cada vez más de la dieta mediterránea (DM). El binomio alimentación-actividad física es fundamental para mantener un adecuado estado de salud.Objetivo: comparar la ingesta en un grupo de estudiantes universitarios deportistas frente a otro que no realiza deporte habitualmente.Sujetos y métodos:estudio observacional transversal realizado en 49 voluntarios de la Universidad de Valladolid. Se determinaron peso, talla y actividad física (cuestionario GPAQ)...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Josefina Consuelo Morales Guerrero, Reina Rosas Romero, Rodrigo Antonio García Zepeda, Rodolfo Oropeza Hernández, Silvia Ruiz Jiménez, Alejandra R Ríos Chávez, Leticia Cervantes Covarrubias
Introducción: el índice glucémico (IG) y la carga glucémica (CG) de productos lácteos fermentados (PLF) con lactobacilos puede ser una recomendación útil para pacientes diabéticos y para la población en general.Objetivo: el objetivo del estudio fue medir el IG y la CG de PLF con lactobacilos en sujetos sedentarios y deportistas, y evaluar si existe diferencia entre ellos.Métodos: el estudio se realizó en México (DF) de acuerdo con la ISO26642:210 (Organización Internacional de Normalización). Los participantes fueron: 10 sedentarios y 10 deportistas...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Natalia Inés Ledesma Ríos, Diana María Sepúlveda Herrera, Diana Liseth Cárdenas Sánchez, Luz Mariela Manjarrés Correa
Introducción: a escala mundial y nacional se reporta una alta prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en menores de 5 años. La etiología es multifactorial, pero factores ambientales como sedentarismo y el progresivo deterioro de la alimentación promueven el exceso de peso y conllevan a mayor riesgo de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles en temprana edad.Objetivo: describir la ingesta de alimentos, energía y nutrientes en los niños de 2-4 años con obesidad y eutróficos del programa "Buen Comienzo".Método: estudio de corte con 111 niños con obesidad clasificada según IMC >3 DE, que fueron pareados por sexo, edad y tipo de atención con un niño clasificado con estado nutricional normal...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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