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Greek Yogurt

Guillaume Dufton, Sergey Mikhaylin, Sami Gaaloul, Laurent Bazinet
With the rising popularity of Greek-style yogurts in the past few years, the production of acid whey has drastically increased. If sweet whey is usually further processed, the acid whey valorization comes with challenges because its drying is jeopardized by its high mineral and organic acid contents. For this reason, prior demineralization and deacidification are usually performed at industrial scale using a combination of ion exchange resins and electrodialysis. This whole process represents large amounts of resources and energy consumption as well as an important production of effluents...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Rabin Gyawali, Salam A Ibrahim
The objective of the study reported in this Research Communication was to investigate the effects of pectin and whey protein concentrate (WPC) on the generation of acid whey during Greek-style yogurt (GSY) processing. Yogurt samples were prepared using pectin (0·05%, w/v) and whey protein concentrate (WPC-80) (1%, w/v) as possible ingredients that reduce the acid whey production. Control yogurt sample was prepared without addition of these ingredients. The results showed that yogurt made with pectin plus WPC had significantly higher water holding capacity (~56%) than the control (33%)...
May 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
Maria I Tsiraki, Hany M Yehia, Tahra Elobeid, Tareq Osaili, Hercules Sakkas, Ioannis N Savvaidis
The antimicrobial effect of citrus extract (at 1 mL/kg [C1] and 2 mL/kg [C2]) on naturally occurring microbiota and inoculated pathogens (E. coli O157:H7 and L. monocytogenes at ca. 6 log cfu/g) in the traditional Greek yogurt-based salad Tzatziki stored at 4, 10, or 21 °C, was examined. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were high (8.0-8.5 log cfu/g) and varied only minimally for both the control (untreated) and the citrus extract-treated salad samples, whereas the higher citrus extract concentration yielded the lowest yeast populations, irrespective of temperature, during the entire storage period...
February 2018: Food Microbiology
Stephanie S Pinto, Bianca Dm Cavalcante, Silvani Verruck, Lara F Alves, Elane S Prudêncio, Renata Dmc Amboni
The effect of the addition of Bifidobacterium BB-12 microencapsulated by spray drying with sweet whey and inulin on the microbiological, physicochemical and texture properties of Greek-style yogurt was evaluated during 28 days of storage. The survival of this probiotic under simulated gastrointestinal conditions was assessed after this storage time. Three formulations of Greek-style yogurt were produced: Control (with free cells); SW (with microcapsules produced only with sweet whey); and SWI (with microcapsules produced with sweet whey and inulin)...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Voula Alexandraki, Maria Kazou, Bruno Pot, Effie Tsakalidou, Konstantinos Papadimitriou
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus is widely used in the production of yogurt and cheese. In this study, we present the complete genome sequence of L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus ACA-DC 87 isolated from traditional Greek yogurt. Whole-genome analysis may reveal desirable technological traits of the strain for dairy fermentations.
August 24, 2017: Genome Announcements
Erick A Esmerino, Elson R Tavares Filho, B Thomas Carr, Juliana P Ferraz, Hugo L A Silva, Letícia P F Pinto, Mônica Q Freitas, Adriano G Cruz, Helena M A Bolini
Product characterization has been a primary concern for the food industry, and methodologies based on consumers' perceptions have become popular and widely used by industries to replace classical methods. Although there are several studies on other methods, the potential of reference-based one such as Pivot Profile is still little explored. Therefore, the aims of this study were to characterize Greek yogurt samples according to consumers' perceptions using three different methodologies: Pivot Profile (PP), Check-all-that-apply (CATA), and Projective Mapping (PM), and to assess which method is easier for consumers to describe products...
September 2017: Food Research International
Georgia Zoumpopoulou, Alexandra Tzouvanou, Eleni Mavrogonatou, Voula Alexandraki, Marina Georgalaki, Rania Anastasiou, Marina Papadelli, Eugenia Manolopoulou, Maria Kazou, Dimitris Kletsas, Konstantinos Papadimitriou, Effie Tsakalidou
The increased consumers' interest on the positive role of food in wellbeing and health underscores the need to determine new probiotic microorganisms. Triggered by the fact that artisanal food products can be a valuable source of novel probiotic strains, 106 lactic acid bacteria, all isolated from traditional Greek dairy products, namely Feta, Kasseri, Xynotyri, Graviera, Formaela, Galotyri, and Kefalotyri cheeses as well as yogurt and milk, were studied for probiotic properties. Based on their survival at pH 2...
June 2018: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
Marron Law, Ying Ti Lee, Shirley Vien, Bohdan L Luhovyy, G Harvey Anderson
The objective was to compare the effect of liquid, semi-solid, and solid dairy products and a nondairy beverage when consumed with glycemic carbohydrate on subjective appetite, food intake (FI), and post-prandial glycemia (PPG) in healthy older adults. Thirty healthy men and women (14 males and 16 females; age: 64.6 ± 2.4 y; BMI: 25.6 ± 2.5 kg/m2 ) participated in a randomized crossover study. Treatments were one of 250 mL of 2% fat milk and soy beverage, 175 g of 2% Greek yogurt, and 30 g of Cheddar cheese consumed as part of an isocaloric (380 kcal) meal with bread and jam...
November 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Voula Alexandraki, Maria Kazou, Jochen Blom, Bruno Pot, Effie Tsakalidou, Konstantinos Papadimitriou
Streptococcus thermophilus ACA-DC 2 is a newly sequenced strain isolated from traditional Greek yogurt. Among the 14 fully sequenced strains of S. thermophilus currently deposited in the NCBI database, the ACA-DC 2 strain has the smallest chromosome, containing 1,731,838 bp. The annotation of its genome revealed the presence of 1,850 genes, including 1,556 protein-coding genes, 70 RNA genes and 224 potential pseudogenes. A large number of pseudogenes were identified. This was also accompanied by the absence of pathogenic features suggesting evolution of strain ACA-DC 2 through genome decay processes, most probably due to adaptation to the milk ecosystem...
2017: Standards in Genomic Sciences
Kalliopi Megalemou, Eleni Sioriki, Ronan Lordan, Maria Dermiki, Constantina Nasopoulou, Ioannis Zabetakis
Given that fermented dairy products exhibit high bioactivities against cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), the anti-thrombotic properties, fatty acid profiles and sensory properties of cow, goat and ewe derived Greek yogurts have been assessed and compared. The total lipids (TL), total polar lipids (TPL), total neutral lipids (TNL) were obtained and the polar lipid fractions were further separated by thin layer chromatography (TLC). These lipid samples (TL, TPL and TLC fractions) were subsequently assessed for their biological activity against atherosclerosis based on the in vitro inhibition of Platelet Activating Factor (PAF)-induced platelet aggregation...
January 2017: Heliyon
C J Hervert, N H Martin, K J Boor, M Wiedmann
Despite the widespread use of coliforms as indicator bacteria, increasing evidence suggests that the Enterobacteriaceae (EB) and total gram-negative groups more accurately reflect the hygienic status of high-temperature, short-time pasteurized milk and processing environments. If introduced into milk as postpasteurization contamination, these bacteria may grow to high levels and produce a wide range of sensory-related defects. However, limited information is available on the use and survival of bacterial hygiene indicators in dairy products outside of pasteurized fluid milk and cheese...
February 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
G H Meletharayil, L E Metzger, Hasmukh A Patel
With limited applications of acid whey generated during the manufacture of Greek yogurts, an alternate processing technology to sidestep the dewheying process was developed. Milk protein concentrate (MPC) and carbon dioxide-treated milk protein concentrate (TMPC) were used as sources of protein to fortify skim milk to 9% (wt/wt) protein for the manufacture of Greek-style yogurts (GSY). The GSY bases were inoculated and fermented with frozen direct vat set yogurt culture to a pH of 4.6. Owing to the difference in buffering of MPC and TMPC, GSY with TMPC and MPC exhibited different acidification kinetics, with GSY containing TMPC having a lower fermentation time...
November 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Jing-Jing Liu, Guo-Chang Zhang, Eun Joong Oh, Panchalee Pathanibul, Timothy L Turner, Yong-Su Jin
Lactose is an inevitable byproduct of the dairy industry. In addition to cheese manufacturing, the growing Greek yogurt industry generates excess acid whey, which contains lactose. Therefore, rapid and efficient conversion of lactose to fuels and chemicals would be useful for recycling the otherwise harmful acid whey. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a popular metabolic engineering host, cannot natively utilize lactose. However, we discovered that an engineered S. cerevisiae strain (EJ2) capable of fermenting cellobiose can also ferment lactose...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
S Smith, T J Smith, M A Drake
Dried whey ingredients are valuable food ingredients but potential whey sources are underutilized. Previous work has established flavor and flavor stability differences in Cheddar and Mozzarella wheys, but little work has compared these whey sources to acid or rennet wheys. The objective of this study was to characterize and compare flavor and flavor stability among cheese, rennet, and acid wheys. Full-fat and fat-free Cheddar, rennet and acid casein, cottage cheese, and Greek yogurt fluid wheys were manufactured in triplicate...
May 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Maria I Tsiraki, Ioannis N Savvaidis
The antimicrobial effect of citrus extract (at 1 mL/kg [TC1] and 2 mL/kg [TC2]) on the naturally occurring microflora and inoculated pathogens (Bacillus cereus and Salmonella enterica, at ca. 6 log cfu/g) in the traditional Greek yogurt-based salad Tzatziki during storage under vacuum at 4 or 10 °C was examined. We also examined the effect of citrus extract (Citrox(©)) against the two aforementioned pathogens in tryptic soy broth (TSB). Of the two treatments, TC2 yielded the lowest yeast counts, irrespective of temperature, resulting in approximately 2 (4 °C) and 3 (10 °C) log reductions on the final day of storage (70 and 30 days, respectively)...
February 2016: Food Microbiology
Marissa D Brown, Delores H Chambers
This research determined the sensory characteristics of currently available plain yogurts available in U.S. supermarkets and examined how 3 "more sustainable" prototypes compared. The prototypes, nonfat set-style yogurts pre-acidified after pasteurization with lemon juice or citric acid at 80 ppm to pH 6.2, had shorter fermentation times than the lab-made control. These reduced fermentation times could result in energy reductions and potentially substantiate a "sustainable" marketing claim, a concept gaining traction with consumers...
December 2015: Journal of Food Science
Evanthia Litopoulou-Tzanetaki, Nikolaos Tzanetakis
Many traditional cheeses are made in Greece. Some of them are, in fact, types of the same cheese variety, whether or not they have different cheesemaking technologies, but are known by different local names. Twenty of them have been granted protected designation of origin status. In the 8th century BCE, Homer described a cheese thought to be the ancestor of feta, the main cheese manufactured in Greece from the ancient times until today. Meanwhile, various cheese types evolved through the centuries, and almost every area in Greece has its own cheesemaking tradition...
February 2014: Microbiology Spectrum
Irshad M Sulaiman, Emily Jacobs, Steven Simpson, Khalil Kerdahi
In our previous study, we described the development of an internal transcribed spacer (ITS)1 sequencing method, and used this protocol in species-identification of isolated fungi collected from the manufacturing areas of a compounding company known to have caused the multistate fungal meningitis outbreak in the United States. In this follow-up study, we have analyzed the unopened vials of Greek yogurt from the recalled batch to determine the possible cause of microbial contamination in the product. A total of 15 unopened vials of Greek yogurt belonging to the recalled batch were examined for the detection of fungi in these samples known to cause foodborne illness following conventional microbiological protocols...
2014: Pathogens
Samson Atamian, Ammar Olabi, Omar Kebbe Baghdadi, Imad Toufeili
Concentrated/Greek yogurt or Labneh is a semisolid food produced from yogurt by eliminating part of its water and water-soluble compounds. Today's world is geared toward the production of lower fat foods without compromising the texture and flavor of these products. The objective of this study was to characterize the physicochemical and sensory properties of bovine, caprine, and ovine Labneh with different fat levels. Bovine, caprine, and ovine milks were used to produce two batches of full-fat (∼10%), reduced-fat (∼5%), and low-fat (<1%) concentrated yogurt samples...
March 2014: Food Science & Nutrition
D D Bong, C I Moraru
The objective of this work was to develop and optimize an alternative make process for Greek-style yogurt (GSY), in which the desired level of protein was reached by fortification with micellar casein concentrate (MCC) obtained from milk by microfiltration. Two MCC preparations with 58 and 88% total protein (MCC-58 and MCC-88) were used to fortify yogurt milk to 9.80% (wt/wt) protein. Strained GSY of similar protein content was used as the control. Yogurt milk bases were inoculated with 0.02% (wt/wt) or 0.04% (wt/wt) direct vat set starter culture and fermented until pH 4...
March 2014: Journal of Dairy Science
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