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Lower lip

Rahime Burcu Nur Yilmaz, Derya Germeç Çakan, Didem Nalbantgil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to compare the aesthetic assessments of infants with different types of cleft before (T1), during (T2), and after (T3) orthopedic therapy (OT) by orthodontists, dentists, and laypersons. METHODS: Photographs of 3 patients (incomplete lip [C1], complete unilateral [C2], and complete bilateral cleft [C3]) at T1 (C1, C2, C3 chronologic age: 5, 2, 2 days), T2 (C1, C2, C3 chronologic age: 32, 28, 35 days; using forehead anchoraged nasal stent or conventional nasoalveolar therapy plates), and T3 (C1, C2, C3 chronologic age: 80, 91, 105 days) were collected from the archive...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Madan Mohan Maddali, Haifa Mohammed Ali Al-Zaabi, Is'haq Said Salim Al-Aamri, Nishant Ram Arora, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam
Background: The primary objective of this study was to identify pre-anesthetic airway assessment parameters that would predict Cormack and Lehane grade III and IV laryngoscopy views in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac catheterization procedures. The secondary end points were to identify factors that would contribute to difficult laryngoscope views in this subset of patients. Settings and Design: Prospective observational study performed at a single tertiary cardiac care center...
October 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Floris V W J van Zijl, Sarah Versnel, Egge F van der Poel, Robert J Baatenburg de Jong, Frank R Datema
Importance: Patients, governments, health care providers, and insurance companies show an increased interest in health outcomes, especially in centralized medical care, such as cleft lip nose treatment. Transparent outcome reporting requires a thorough methodological design, dedicated prospective data collection process, and, preferably, no interference with the efficacy of daily practice. Objective: To describe the implementation of an automated and prospective secondary cleft lip rhinoplasty outcome routine...
August 23, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
S G Gavrilov, D A Son, I S Lebedev, K Iu Savinkova, M D Temirbolatov
The work was based on the results of examination and treatment of 43 female patients presenting with varicose transformation of pelvic, perineal, and lower-limb veins. The inclusion criteria were as follows: the presence of visually determined varicose transformation of the veins of the external genital organs, perineum, posterior surface of the thighs, as well as valvular insufficiency of the mentioned veins by the findings of ultrasonographic angioscanning (USAS). The following exclusion criteria were applied: the presence of pregnancy, symptoms of pelvic venous plethora (PVP), and varicothrombophlebitis...
2018: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
B Gareb, M J H Witjes
A 48-year-old man was referred for an evaluation of deviations in the pigmentation of the lower lip, intra-oral swelling and persistent numbness of the sensory area of the left mental nerve. In 2011, the diagnosis lentigo maligna of the lower lip was missed by histopathology of a biopsy performed elsewhere. In 2016, the numbness of the lower lip and chin was diagnosed by a neurologist as numb chin of unknown cause. A biopsy in 2017 showed lentigo maligna of the lower lip alongside a primary mucosal melanoma with significant local invasion...
October 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Cory M Resnick, Carly E Calabrese, Rohit Sahdev, Bonnie L Padwa
PURPOSE: Tongue-lip adhesion (TLA) and mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) are the most common operations for obstructive apnea (OA) in infants with Robin sequence (RS). The purpose of this study was to compare early outcomes of TLA and MDO on resolution of OA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of infants with RS treated with TLA or MDO from 2005 through 2018. To be included, patients had to have polysomnograms pre- and postoperatively unless intubated or tracheostomy dependent...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
F Cullati, F M E Rusconi, A Mapelli, M Zago, G A Beltramini, A B Giannì, C Sforza
The effect of bimaxillary orthognathic surgery on facial mimicry was assessed longitudinally in 15 patients with dentoskeletal class III facial dysmorphism (seven men, eight women, mean age 28 years). The patients were analysed pre-surgery and at 6, 12, and 24 months post-surgery while performing verbal (five vowels) and non-verbal (open and closed mouth smile, lip purse) soft tissue facial movements. The three-dimensional motions of right and left nasogenian, crista philtri, cheilion, and lower lip landmarks were detected by an optoelectronic instrument, and a total mobility index was obtained...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yusuke Hibino, Ryoichi Tabata
A new catfish, Silurus tomodai, is described based on 37 specimens; 132-514 mm > 139-514 mm [132-514 mm standard length (SL)] collected from streams of Mie, Aichi, Gifu, Shizuoka and Nagano prefectures of central Honshu Island, Japan. Although S. tomodai is closely related to S. lithophilus (Tomoda, 1961) based on partial mitochondrial DNA sequences, the former can be distinguished from the latter by the position of dorsal fin (predorsal-fin length 28.5-32.1% vs. 30.1-33.7% SL), a shorter head (18.5-21...
August 15, 2018: Zootaxa
Heok Hee Ng
A new species of glyptosternine catfish in the genus Exostoma is described in this study. The new species, E. ericinum, is known from the upper Dayingjiang (=Taping River) drainage in southwestern China and is distinguished from congeners in having an unique combination of the following characters: 42-44 vertebrae; parallel striae on anterolateral surfaces of lips and lower surface of maxillary barbel; interorbital distance 26-31% HL; preanal length 67.7-70.5% SL; body depth at anus 10.4-12.0% SL (1.4-1.9 times in caudal peduncle depth); length of adipose-fin base 39...
May 17, 2018: Zootaxa
Min Yao, You He, Zuo-Gang Peng
Lanlabeo, a new genus of fish belonging to the family Cyprinidae, is described from the Pearl River drainage basin in Guangxi Province, southern China. This new genus is distinguished from all other genera of the cyprinid tribe Labeonini by a combination of morphological and phylogenetic characters. It differs morphologically from all other Asian labeonins in its uniquely modified oromandibular morphology. For example, this genus has a frenum connecting the upper jaw and lower lip at the corner of the mouth, regularly arranged papillae densely scattered over the ventral margin of the rostral cap, a vestigial upper lip, a rostral cap overlying the upper jaw and with a fimbriate posterior margin, and a lower lip divided into two lateral fleshy lobes and one central plate...
September 6, 2018: Zootaxa
Nguyen Dinh Tao, Liang Cao, Shuqing Deng, E Zhang
Speolabeo hokhanhi, new species, is here described from Hang Va Cave in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park (Son River basin) in Central Vietnam. It can be distinguished from S. musaei by having no papillae on the lower lip, no hump immediately behind the head, a duckbilled snout, a shorter caudal peduncle (length 16.8-18.6% SL), and the pelvic fin inserted closer to the snout tip than to the caudal-fin base.
September 13, 2018: Zootaxa
Gaston Echaniz, Marcos De Miguel, Glenn Merritt, Plinio Sierra, Pranjal Bora, Nabamallika Borah, Christopher Ciarallo, Miriam de Nadal, Richard J Ing, Adrian Bosenberg
BACKGROUND: Cleft defects are common craniofacial malformations which require early surgical repair. These patients are at high risk of postoperative airway obstruction and respiratory failure. Cleft surgery may require high doses of opioids which may contribute to these complications. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of proximal and distal approaches to blocking the maxillary nerve in patients undergoing cleft lip or cleft palate surgery. DESIGN: Randomised, controlled and double-blind study...
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Maycon Lázaro Pinheiro, Marília Yatabe, Marcos Ioshida, Luan Orlandi, Priscille de Dumast, Ivy Kiemle Trindade-Suedam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of volumetric reconstruction of the pharynx by comparing the volume and minimum crosssectional area (mCSA) determined with open-source applications (ITK-Snap, ; SlicerCMF) and commercial software (Dolphin3D, 11.8, Dolphin Imaging & Management Solutions, Chatsworth, CA, USA) previously validated in the literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample comprised of 35 cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate, with mean age of 29±15...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Xiangling Li, Zhengqi Lu, Yanqiang Wang
BACKGROUND: Besides CSF-flow obstruction, syringomyelia is associated with inflammatory spinal cord lesions. However, syringomyelia-like syndrome concomitant with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) is extremely rare. Here, we would like to report a case of a patient with syringomyelia-like syndrome in NMOSD complicated with Sjogren's Syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-old male Han Chinese, presented with three episodes of acute demyelinating processes in the central nervous system within 5 years...
October 9, 2018: BMC Neurology
Mateusz Przylipiak, Jerzy Przylipiak, Robert Terlikowski, Emilia Lubowicka, Lech Chrostek, Andrzej Przylipiak
BACKGROUND: Proportions of face components appear to play a role in facial attractiveness. AIMS: The aim of the study was to establish the best proportions of face components in relation to whole face shape for facial attractiveness. METHODS: Only one face component (eye, nose, or lips) of a model in a series of photographs was altered using a computer program. Alterations consisted of size reduction or augmentation by 5% or 10%. Each photograph depicted a particular face component altered to either 90%, 95%, 100%, 105%, or 110% of its original size...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Souphiyeh Samizadeh
As the demand for cosmetic procedures increases, the importance of patient-centred care in this field becomes more prominent. The aesthetic practitioners' ideals of beauty, in addition to their knowledge and perception of patients' ideals of beauty and expectations, are important during doctor-patient communication. These are important in strengthening practices of patient-centred communication and treatment. This study was conducted to investigate ideals of facial beauty among Chinese aesthetic practitioners...
October 4, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
D Queen, T Knackstedt, M A Polacco, L K Collins, K Lee, F H Samie
BACKGROUND: The lip and surrounding perioral region are susceptible to nonmelanoma skin cancer, but the distribution of basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma on the cutaneous and vermilion lips has not been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution of cutaneous and vermilion lip nonmelanoma skin cancer and to better describe risk factors, anatomic location, treatment characteristics, and oncologic outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective comparative case series of patients undergoing Mohs micrographic surgery at a single academic center for lip and perioral basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma was performed over a 5-year period...
October 4, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Han Byeol Jin, Jeong Yeol Yang, Kyung Sik Kim, Seung Hong Kim, Joon Choe, Jee Hyeok Chung
A 70-year-old male with a history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and coronary stent insertion visited our hospital 7 days after biting his lower lip. Swelling and inflammation had worsened despite debridement and antibiotic treatment. On the 8th hospital day, fungal infection with Candida albicans and superimposed bacterial infection with Klebsiella pneumoniae were found on tissue culture. Extensive necrosis resulted in a defect of approximately 3/4 of the entire lower lip and a full-layer skin defect from the vermilion to the gingivobuccal sulcus at the right corner of the mouth...
September 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
L B Li, J H Zhao, C Gong, J W Tan
Objective: Objective:To observe the clinical Effect of intranasal excision under open the nasal vestibular flap on nasal vestibular cyst under nasal endoscopy. Method: Forty-five patients with nasal vestibular cyst were randomly divided into two groups: nasal vestibule flap group (n=25) and labial gingival crevicular approach group (n=20).Comparison of two groups of patients with operation time, intraoperative blood loss, wound healing time, postoperative local numbness or pain, 1 week after eating the inconvenience, the degree of postoperative wound pain, postoperative facial swelling degree were compared between the two groups...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Dario Bertossi, Massimo Albanese, Carmen Mortellaro, Luciano Malchiodi, Narendra Kumar, Riccardo Nocini, Pier Francesco Nocini
BACKGROUND: The chin is the most prominent and median sector of the lower third of the face giving harmony to nose and lips. The authors present the application of piezoelectric scalpel for the correction of different chin deformities. The distinctive characteristics of this device allow the authors to avoid or reduce the immediate genioplasty complications. METHODS: Fifty-five patients of defective chin have been treated from January 2006 to April 2008. Intraoral genioplasty was performed during the correction of dentofacial dysmorphisms or associated with nasal surgery...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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