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Lower lip

Jean-Charles Doucet, Kathleen A Russell, John Daskalogiannakis, Ana M Mercado, Nicholas Emanuele, Lindsay James, Ronald R Hathaway, Ross E Long
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect that alveolar bone grafting (ABG) around 6 years of age has on facial growth by assessing craniofacial growth outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: North American cleft centers. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 33 children with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate who were consecutively treated with secondary ABG around 6 years of age were compared to 148 participants from 4 centers with late secondary ABG...
August 13, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Dimitrios Kloukos, Piotr Fudalej, Patrick Sequeira-Byron, Christos Katsaros
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate is one of the most common birth defects and can cause difficulties with feeding, speech and hearing, as well as psychosocial problems. Treatment of orofacial clefts is prolonged; it typically commences after birth and lasts until the child reaches adulthood or even into adulthood. Residual deformities, functional disturbances, or both, are frequently seen in adults with a repaired cleft. Conventional orthognathic surgery, such as Le Fort I osteotomy, is often performed for the correction of maxillary hypoplasia...
August 10, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Homa Farrokhi Karibozorg, Nahid Masoudian, Kioomars Saliminejad, Asghar Ebadifar, Koorosh Kamali, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid
Background: Nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NSCL/P) is the most common orofacial birth defect, often attributed to ethnic and environmental differences. Up to now, linkage analyses and genome-wide association studies have identified several genomic susceptibility regions for NSCL/P. The WNT genes including WNT3 are strong candidates for NSCL/P, since they are involved in regulating mid-face development and upper lip fusion. This study tested association of the WNT3 polymorphisms, rs-3809857 G/T and rs9890413 G/A, with the risk of NSCL/P in a population of Iranian infants...
July 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Amir Ali Mafi, Reza Shahverdiani, Parviz Mafi
BACKGROUND: Proper pre-operative facial analysis that includes a thorough evaluation of both the bony and soft tissue anatomy is paramount to success in performing aesthetic surgery of the face. Ethnic variations in soft tissue profile add an important variable to pre-operative facial analysis. The aim of our study was to determine the role of ethnic variations in soft tissue facial profiles through profile analysis of Iranian male and female patients. METHODS: Photographs of 100 Iranian males and 100 Iranian females (16 to 40 years old) were carried out...
May 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Chetana Jagatgere Math, Anju George
Crohn's disease (CD) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any part of the gut from mouth to anus. It also may occur at contiguous sites, like, lip, perineal or peristomal regions or may occur at sites separated from the bowel by normal tissue referred to as metastatic CD. The condition is relatively rare and may mimic or coexist with other dermatoses. The presence of noncaseating granuloma on histopathological examination confirms the diagnosis. Here, we report a case of metastatic CD with cutaneous symptoms of long duration and presenting with vegetating plaques in the lower abdomen, groins, and vulva...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Y Liang, J Ye, H Wei, F Ye, X P Luo
Objective: To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of a Chinese boy with Verheij syndrome and review the literature. Methods: The clinical and genetic data of a Chinese boy with Verheij syndrome, who was admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology in May 2017 were analyzed. Original papers on Verheij syndrome published up to January 2018 were retrieved at PubMed, Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), CNKI and WanFang databases by using the key words "Verheij syndrome" and "PUF60" ...
August 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Batool Ali, Attiya Shaikh, Mubassar Fida
INTRODUCTION: Orthodontic treatment planning requires skill and expertise with considerable practice variations. The aims of this study were to review retrospectively the pretreatment records of patients with Class I malocclusion and to identify variables that could play a role in the treatment decision. METHODS: From the available records of 1500 orthdontic patients, the pretreatment records of 202 patients were selected at random. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, and the surviving records were divided into extraction (n = 92) and nonextraction (n = 92) treatment groups...
August 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Xiaoqiu Liang, Birong He
INTRODUCTION: Congenital asymmetric crying facies (ACF) in newborns is a rare condition usually caused by unilateral agenesis or hypoplasia of the depressor anguli oris muscle on one side of the mouth (symmetric face at rest and asymmetric face while crying), which is often accompanied with other malformations. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a female newborn with nonconsanguineous ethnic Han Chinese parents who presented with 37 minutes of breathlessness and asymmetrical face when crying...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chi-Cheung Su, Meinan He, Rachid Amine, Zonghai Chen, Khalil Amine
Relative solvating power, which is defined as the ratio of the coordination ratios between a solvent and the reference solvent, was first introduced to probe the quantitative structure-activity relationship of electrolyte solvents and the lithium polysulfide (LiPS) dissolution in lithium-sulfur batteries. Internally-referenced diffusion-ordered spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging were used to determine the diffusion-coordination ratio, from which the relative solvating power can be easily measured...
August 1, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Assi Levi, Emmilia Hodak, Claes David Enk, Igor Snast, Dan Slodownik, Moshe Lapidoth
BACKGROUND: Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a common, chronic pre-malignant condition resulting from protracted sun exposure affecting the vermilion border of the lower lip. Treatment of AC aims at terminating the progression to squamous cell carcinoma by obliterating the primary lesion, and includes ablative methods; non-ablative modalities such as cryotherapy, electrodessication, chemical peeling, topical imiquimod and 5-fluorouracil; and photodynamic therapy (PDT). Daylight-activated PDT, in which natural daylight serves as the light source, showed promising results in the treatment of actinic keratoses with substantially less pain than conventional PDT...
July 31, 2018: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
Qiming Chen, Hong Cheng, Chunfeng Yue, Rui Huang, Hongliang Guo
Purpose: Powered lower-limb exoskeleton has gained considerable interests, since it can help patients with spinal cord injury(SCI) to stand and walk again. Providing walking assistance with SCI patients, most exoskeletons are designed to follow predefined gait trajectories, which makes the patient walk unnaturally and feels uncomfortable. Furthermore, exoskeletons with predefined gait trajectories cannot always maintain balance walking especially when encountering disturbances. Design/Methodology/Approach: This paper proposed a novel gait planning approach, which aims to provide reliable and balance gait during walking assistance...
2018: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Joshua E Fabie, Jonathan L Hatch, Ashley W Cross, Samuel L Oyer, David M Neskey, Theodore R McRackan
OBJECTIVE: To describe salivary ductal carcinoma (SDC) presenting as an isolated lesion of the mastoid segment of the facial nerve PATIENTS:: A 70-year-old man presenting with weakness of his right lower lip that progressed to complete facial paralysis over a span of 2 weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical case records, immunohistochemical analyses, and radiological analyses including magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography-computed tomography...
July 30, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Yongwan Lim, Sajan Goud Lingala, Shrikanth S Narayanan, Krishna S Nayak
PURPOSE: To improve the depiction and tracking of vocal tract articulators in spiral real-time MRI (RT-MRI) of speech production by estimating and correcting for dynamic changes in off-resonance. METHODS: The proposed method computes a dynamic field map from the phase of single-TE dynamic images after a coil phase compensation where complex coil sensitivity maps are estimated from the single-TE dynamic scan itself. This method is tested using simulations and in vivo data...
July 29, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
D Rossi, M Romano, L Karanxha, C Baserga, A Russillo, S Taschieri, M Del Fabbro, A B Giannì, A Baj
The only cutting technique used for osteotomies in orthognathic surgery for many years has been a saw, but recently piezoelectric surgery has been introduced as a possible alternative. The aim of this study was to find out if piezoelectric surgery can be more comfortable for patients having orthognathic surgery. A total of 25 patients with dentofacial deformities (seven male and 18 female), were treated from January 2016 to September 2017. In 11 patients, osteotomies were made using a conventional saw, while in 14 a piezoelectric device was used...
July 25, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Ann Iverson, Larissa I Stanberry, Peter Tajti, Ross Garberich, Amber Antos, M Nicholas Burke, Ivan Chavez, Mario Gössl, Timothy D Henry, Daniel Lips, Michael Mooney, Anil Poulose, Paul Sorajja, Jay Traverse, Yale Wang, Steven Bradley, Emmanouil S Brilakis
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Patients and lesions at a higher procedural risk for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are an understudied population. We examined the frequency, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of higher risk and non-higher risk PCIs at a large tertiary center. METHODS/MATERIALS: The following procedures were considered higher risk: unprotected left main PCI, chronic total occlusion PCI, PCI requiring atherectomy, multivessel PCI, bifurcation PCI, PCI in prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) patients, pre-PCI left ventricular ejection fraction ≤30%, or use of hemodynamic support...
July 20, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Andreas Naros, Annekathrin Brocks, Susanne Kluba, Siegmar Reinert, Michael Krimmel
PURPOSE: Cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) is the most common congenital craniofacial anomaly. Multiple operations, long-lasting supplementary treatments, as well as impaired functional and esthetic outcome might have a negative impact on patients' social-emotional functioning and self-esteem, resulting in a lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluated CLP patients' HRQoL from preschool age (4 years) until adolescence (18 years) using the age-specific German KINDLR questionnaire...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Yuko Watarai, Fumi Mizuhashi, Toshihide Sato, Kaoru Koide
PURPOSE: A new method inducing the physiologic rest position of the mandible using the lip contact position with the closed mouth have compared with those obtained using conventional methods of placing the mandible in the physiologic rest position. METHODS: The lip contact position with the closed mouth as a method was investigated whether the technique was useful for determining the occlusal vertical dimension. The relationship between the space between the maxillary and mandibular front teeth in the lip contact position with the closed mouth and the areas of the prolabia was also investigated...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
María Asunción Esteve-Pastor, José Miguel Rivera-Caravaca, Vanessa Roldán, Esteban Orenes-Piñero, Giulio Francesco Romiti, Imma Romanazzi, Ying Bai, João Carmo, Marco Proietti, Francisco Marín, Gregory Y H Lip
Nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been proposed as an alternative to vitamin K antagonists in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients but the comparative benefits between NOACs and optimally anticoagulated patients is unknown. We estimated the absolute benefit in clinical outcomes rates of real-world effect of NOACs in optimally anticoagulated AF patients with acenocoumarol. We included 1,361 patients stable on acenocoumarol with time in therapeutic range of 100% and 6.5 years of follow-up...
June 2, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Wen-Bin Yu, Hong Wang, Min-Lu Liu, Alisa E Grabovskaya-Borodina, De-Zhu Li
Morphological identification of Pedicularis depends on floral characters. However, some important characters may be lost during the process of pressing the specimen. Pedicularis delavayi was described from northwestern Yunnan, and widely adopted as a variety of P. siphonantha. Unfortunately, the name "P. siphonantha var. delavayi' incorrectly referred to P. milliana (a new species described in this study) or P. tenuituba in some herbarium specimens and publications. Moreover, phylogenetic relationships among P...
2018: PloS One
Tetz C Lee, Min Qian, Gregory Y H Lip, Marco R Di Tullio, Susan Graham, Douglas L Mann, Koki Nakanishi, John R Teerlink, Ronald S Freudenberger, Ralph L Sacco, J P Mohr, Arthur J Labovitz, Piotr Ponikowski, Dirk J Lok, Conrado Estol, Stefan D Anker, Patrick M Pullicino, Richard Buchsbaum, Bruce Levin, John L P Thompson, Shunichi Homma, Siqin Ye
Previous studies in patients with atrial fibrillation showed that a history of heart failure (HF) could negatively impact anticoagulation quality, as measured by the average time in therapeutic range (TTR). Whether additional markers of HF severity are associated with TTR has not been investigated thoroughly. We aimed to examine the potential role of HF severity in the quality of warfarin control in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction. Data from the Warfarin versus Aspirin in Reduced Cardiac Ejection Fraction Trial were used to investigate the association between TTR and HF severity...
June 4, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
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