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Lower lip

Waseem A Abboud, Maria Krichmar, Daniela Blinder, Alex Dobriyan, Gilad Yahalom, Ran Yahalom
PURPOSE: To evaluate 3-dimensional orofacial changes that occurred after proportional condylectomy that was not followed by orthognathic surgery in patients with condylar hyperplasia type 1B (unilateral hemimandibular elongation). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis used the medical records of 14 skeletally mature patients. Transverse, vertical, and horizontal cephalometric analyses of photographs and radiographs were undertaken. A comparison of preoperative and postoperative measurements was conducted...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Kun Hwang, Young Suk Kim, Hun Kim
The aim of this study was to characterize Koreans' perceptions of attractive and healthy-looking lips.A survey was conducted among 258 women and 72 men who were asked to view illustrations of various examples of the 4 lip-related ratios (lip thickness-to-width ratio [LTW]; upper-to-lower vermillion ratio [ULR]; upper vermillion thickness-to-upper lip height ratio [VUL]; and lip-to-nose width ratio [LNW]) and to choose which they thought were attractive or healthy-looking.The LTW ratios most often identified as attractive were LTW-1/3 (lip thickness is 1/3 of lip width, 40...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ayca Ant, Caner Kilic, Yahya Baltu, Arzu Betul Duran, Tuncay Tunccan, Samet Ozlugedik, Nazan Bozdogan
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to overview the treatment protocols of lip cancer, find out a cut-off point of tumor diameter and depth of invasion (DOI) for the survival parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred ninety-one patients with lip SCC were studied. RESULTS: The average age of the patients was 62 years. Among 191 patients, 82.7% of the patients were men, 96.4% of them had lower lip cancer and 84% were staged as early (pT1, pT2 )...
December 13, 2018: Oral Diseases
Mihai Lupu, Ana Căruntu, Liliana Moraru, Vlad Mihai Voiculescu, Daniel Boda, Cristiana Tănase, Constantin Căruntu
Ionizing radiation was used in the past for treatment of several benign cutaneous conditions, and particularly hemangiomas. Even though radiotherapy was generally effective, it significantly augmented the risk for malignancies, resulting in a consequent heavy decline of its use for benign conditions. However, radiation-induced neoplasia is still encountered in adult patients irradiated during childhood or adolescence. We report a case of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma developing on the lower lip of a 59-year-old woman who had previously undergone local radiotherapy for a hemangioma, in which the use of non-invasive imaging techniques such as in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) and dermoscopy allowed an early diagnosis and a prompt, effective treatment...
2018: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Alex Ioan Sălan, Petre Costin Mărăşescu, Adrian Camen, Eduard Mihai Ciucă, Marius Matei, Alma Maria Florescu, Vlad Pădureanu, Claudiu Mărgăritescu
Lip cancers account for 10-12% of the total head and neck cancers and, although squamous cell carcinoma is by far the most common lower lip cancer, the basal cell carcinoma (BCC) seems to be more common for the upper lip. Most BCCs have a clinically indolent behavior, but there are also local aggressive and∕or metastatic cases, with the incidence of such cases being estimated at about 1-10% of all cases of BCC. Many of the molecular mechanisms underlying this aggression are still unknown, which is why our study aimed to investigate the potential prognosis of a few markers, such as C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome like (WASL) in upper lip BCCs...
2018: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Jony van Hilst, Thijs de Rooij, Peter B van den Boezem, Koop Bosscha, Olivier R Busch, Peter van Duijvendijk, Sebastiaan Festen, Michael F Gerhards, Ignace H de Hingh, Tom M Karsten, Geert Kazemier, Daniel J Lips, Misha D Luyer, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs, Gijs A Patijn, Martijn W Stommel, Babs M Zonderhuis, Freek Daams, Marc G Besselink
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy with open reconstruction (LPD-OR) has been suggested to lower the rate of postoperative pancreatic fistula reported after laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy with laparoscopic reconstruction (LPD). Propensity score matched studies are, lacking. METHODS: This is a multicenter prospective cohort study including patients from 7 Dutch centers between 2014-2018. Patients undergoing LPD-OR were matched LPD patients in a 1:1 ratio based on propensity scores...
December 4, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Gregory Y H Lip, Jose L Merino, Maciej Banach, Joris R de Groot, Lars S Maier, Sakis Themistoclakis, Giuseppe Boriani, James Jin, Michael Melino, Shannon M Winters, Andreas Goette
In the EdoxabaN versus warfarin in subjectS UndeRgoing cardiovErsion of Atrial Fibrillation study (NCT 02072434), edoxaban showed similar efficacy and safety versus enoxaparin-warfarin in patients underwent electrical cardioversion of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. In this ancillary analysis, we compared the primary efficacy (composite of stroke, systemic embolic event, myocardial infarction, cardiovascular death, and overall study period) and safety (composite of major and clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding, on-treatment) end points in relation to body mass index (BMI; <30 vs ≥30 kg/m2 )...
November 24, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Camila de Nazaré Alves de Oliveira Kato, Michel Campos Ribeiro, Márcio Bruno Figueiredo do Amaral, Soraya de Mattos Camargo Grossmann, Maria Cássia Ferreira de Aguiar, Ricardo Alves Mesquita
PURPOSE: To describe the effectiveness and safety of a sclerotherapy protocol with 5% ethanolamine oleate (EO) at 0.1 mL/3 mm for oral vascular anomalies (OVAs). Our hypothesis is that EO applied at a concentration of 5% may decrease the number of sessions necessary for clinical healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe a cohort of 15 consecutive patients. OVAs <20 mm were included. Clinical data of the OVAs were collected. Descriptive and bivariate statistical analyses were performed...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Marina Rechden Lobato Palmeiro, Mariana Bauer Bronstrup, Justin Durham, Angus Walls, Rosemary Sadami Arai Shinkai
The impact of oral rehabilitation on masticatory function and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) may vary with the experience of the individual with tissue loss. Our hypothesis is that patient-centered outcomes vary among adults who have experienced large defects in the maxilla due to congenital or acquired conditions even after oral rehabilitation to restore aesthetics and function. This study compared OHRQoL, perceived masticatory ability, maximum bite force (MBF), and symptoms of pain and depression among subjects with acquired (edentulous maxilla) and congenital (cleft lip and palate) loss of oral tissues in the maxilla after dental treatment...
November 29, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Y H M Krul-Poel, P P Koenders, R P Steegers-Theunissen, E Ten Boekel, M M Ter Wee, Y Louwers, P Lips, J S E Laven, S Simsek
OBJECTIVE: To compare vitamin D status in women with PCOS versus fertile women and subsequently evaluate the association between vitamin D status and metabolic disturbances in PCOS women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional comparison study of 639 women with PCOS and 449 fertile women. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) was stratified into a severe deficient (< 25 nmol/l), insufficient (25-50 nmol/l), moderate (50-75 nmol/l) and adequate (> 75 nmol/l) status...
2018: PloS One
Jun Shi, Yanting Wu, Siyi Guo, Huidi Zhang, Guitian Chen, Xiaoqi Xu
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of anti-VEGF antibody-modified Paeonol liposome gels (PAE-BEV-lip gels) in the prevention and treatment of Hypertrophic Scars (HSs). Systematic optimization of the encapsulation process of anti-VEGF antibody-modified Paeonol liposomes (PAE-BEV-lips) was performed using Box-Behnken design with the optimized parameters as follows: SPC concentration of 7.36 mg·mL-1 ; SPC-Chol-PAE:pNP-PEG3000 -DOPE:BVE-PEG3000 -DOPE ratio of 14:5:4:0.28:0.05, w/w; the hydration temperature of 41 °C; stripping using pH 7...
December 4, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Jianfeng Xie, Ling Liu, Yi Yang, Wenkui Yu, Maoqin Li, Kaijiang Yu, Ruiqiang Zheng, Jie Yan, Xue Wang, Guolong Cai, Jianguo Li, Qin Gu, Hongsheng Zhao, Xinwei Mu, Xiaochun Ma, Haibo Qiu
Background: Early recognition of the risks of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and prevention of the development of ARDS may be more effective in improving patient outcomes. We performed the present study to determine the ARDS risk factors in a Chinese population and validate a score to predict the development of ARDS. Methods: This was an observational multicenter cohort study performed in 13 tertiary hospitals in China. Patients admitted into participating intensive care units (ICUs) from January 1 to January 31, 2012, and from January 1 to January 10, 2013, were enrolled in a retrospective derivation cohort and a prospective validation cohort, respectively...
October 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
J Decaux, L Castiaux, P Van Eeckhout, E Marbaix, M Magremanne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Zoë C Venables, Philippe Autier, Tamar Nijsten, Kwok F Wong, Sinéad M Langan, Brian Rous, John Broggio, Catherine Harwood, Katherine Henson, Charlotte M Proby, Jem Rashbass, Irene M Leigh
Importance: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is the most common skin cancer with metastatic potential, but epidemiologic data are poor. Changes to the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (NCRAS) in England have allowed more accurate data analysis of primary and metastatic cSCC since 2013. Objective: To assess the national incidence of cSCC and metastatic cSCC (mcSCC) in England from 2013 through 2015. Design, Setting, and Participants: This national population-based study identified a cohort of patients with cSCC and mcSCC in England from January 1, 2013, through December 31, 2015...
November 28, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Selin Alpagan Ozdemir, Elçin Esenlik
BACKGROUND In cleft lip and palate (CLP) patients, the shape of the facial soft tissues shows variety in 3 dimensions (3D). Two-dimensional (2D) photographs and radiographs are insufficient in the examination of these anomalies. The aim of this retrospective study was to examine the soft tissue and craniofacial characteristics of individuals with nonsyndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), skeletal Class III malocclusions, or skeletal Class I malocclusions using 3D facial imaging...
November 28, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Yixin Zhang, Zhen Fu, Haichao Jia, Yiping Huang, Xiaobei Li, Hao Liu, Weiran Li
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the long-term stability of maxillary protraction (MP) in patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and identified factors influencing relapse and long-term outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three adolescents with UCLP who underwent MP therapy were recalled when craniofacial growth was close to completion. Subjects exhibiting reverse/positive overjets were assigned to unstable/stable groups. Lateral cephalometric measurements were made before treatment (T0), after active treatment (T1), and at the end of the growth spurt (T2)...
November 28, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
Ana López-Giménez, Javier Silvestre-Rangil, Francisco-Javier Silvestre, Vanessa Paredes-Gallardo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the craniofacial cephalometric morphologies among different cleft types in a Spanish population. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out on 212 patients. The patients were subdivided into four groups according to their cleft types: unilateral cleft lip and palate; bilateral cleft lip and palate; cleft lip; and cleft palate. Angular and linear cephalometric measurements were taken on lateral radiographs...
May 2018: Oral Radiology
Lara Valentina Comini, Giuseppe Spinelli, Giuditta Mannelli
PURPOSE: Local flaps are currently considered the main reconstructive option for medium-size oral and peri-oral defects; however, their indications are sometimes challenging to select. The aim of this study was to critically analyse their selection and to propose a therapeutic algorithm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a search on PubMed regarding the medium-size oral and peri-oral defects reconstruction, and we collected data on the aetiology, the location of the defect, the type of flap used and postoperative complications...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
André Pinho, Ana Brinca, Ricardo Vieira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Vikrant Dilip Sane, Pallavi Rathi, Bhawana Narla, Saurabh Khandelwal, Wasim Pathan
Lip carcinoma is a common cancer of the head and neck region and it more commonly affects the lower lip (>90%). Out of all the carcinomas affecting the lower lip, squamous cell carcinoma accounts for 95% of the patients. Reconstruction of lower lip is a challenging task, as it requires taking into consideration the restoration of function as well as aesthetics. In this study, a patient for whom successful reconstruction of lower lip defect was done using the Karapandzic flap was presented.
November 22, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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