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Mast cells microbiota

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910798/effect-of-dietary-fiber-and-metabolites-on-mast-cell-activation-and-mast-cell-associated-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Jelle Folkerts, Ralph Stadhouders, Frank A Redegeld, See-Ying Tam, Rudi W Hendriks, Stephen J Galli, Marcus Maurer
Many mast cell-associated diseases, including allergies and asthma, have seen a strong increase in prevalence during the past decades, especially in Western(ized) countries. It has been suggested that a Western diet may contribute to the prevalence and manifestation of allergies and asthma through reduced intake of dietary fiber and the subsequent production of their metabolites. Indeed, dietary fiber and its metabolites have been shown to positively influence the development of immune disorders via changes in microbiota composition and the regulation of B- and T-cell activation...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791992/role-of-the-duodenum-in-the-pathogenesis-of-functional-dyspepsia-a-paradigm-shift
#2
REVIEW
Hye-Kyung Jung, Nicholas J Talley
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a common disorder characterized by chronic epigastric pain or burning, or bothersome postprandial fullness or early satiation, without a definitive organic cause. The pathogenesis of FD is likely heterogeneous. Classically, motor disorders, visceral hypersensitivity, and brain-gut interactions have been implicated in the pathophysiology of FD, but recently an important role for chronic low-grade inflammation and infection in FD has been reported and confirmed. Duodenal low-grade inflammation is frequently observed in FD in those with and without documented previous gastroenteritis...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742432/il-9-and-mast-cells-are-key-players-of-candida-albicans-commensalism-and-pathogenesis-in-the-gut
#3
Giorgia Renga, Silvia Moretti, Vasilis Oikonomou, Monica Borghi, Teresa Zelante, Giuseppe Paolicelli, Claudio Costantini, Marco De Zuani, Valeria Rachela Villella, Valeria Raia, Rachele Del Sordo, Andrea Bartoli, Monia Baldoni, Jean-Christophe Renauld, Angelo Sidoni, Enrico Garaci, Luigi Maiuri, Carlo Pucillo, Luigina Romani
Candida albicans is implicated in intestinal diseases. Identifying host signatures that discriminate between the pathogenic versus commensal nature of this human commensal is clinically relevant. In the present study, we identify IL-9 and mast cells (MCs) as key players of Candida commensalism and pathogenicity. By inducing TGF-β in stromal MCs, IL-9 pivotally contributes to mucosal immune tolerance via the indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase enzyme. However, Candida-driven IL-9 and mucosal MCs also contribute to barrier function loss, dissemination, and inflammation in experimental leaky gut models and are upregulated in patients with celiac disease...
May 8, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733429/the-enigmatic-function-of-igd-some-answers-at-last
#4
REVIEW
Cindy Gutzeit, Kang Chen, Andrea Cerutti
IgD emerged soon after IgM at the time of inception of the adaptive immune system. Despite its evolutionary conservation from fish to humans, the specific functions of IgD have only recently begun to be elucidated. Mature B cells undergo alternative mRNA splicing to express IgD and IgM receptors with identical antigenic specificity. The enigma of dual IgD and IgM expression has been tackled by several recent studies showing that IgD helps peripheral accumulation of physiologically autoreactive B cells through its functional unresponsiveness to self-antigens but prompt readiness against foreign antigens...
July 2018: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233606/staphylococcus-aureus-and-atopic-dermatitis-a-complex-and-evolving-relationship
#5
REVIEW
Joan A Geoghegan, Alan D Irvine, Timothy J Foster
Staphylococcus aureus is frequently isolated from the skin of atopic dermatitis (AD) patients during flares. The normal microbiota is disrupted and the diversity of the microorganisms on the skin is reduced. Many species that produce inhibitors of S. aureus growth decline. Strains from S. aureus clonal complex 1 are enriched among AD sufferers whereas the CC30 strains most frequently isolated from nasal carriers in the normal population are much rarer in AD. S. aureus expresses several molecules that contribute to the intensity of symptoms, including δ-toxin which stimulates mast cells, α-toxin which damages keratinocytes, phenol-soluble modulins which stimulate cytokine release by keratinocytes, protein A which triggers inflammatory responses from keratinocytes, superantigens which trigger B cell expansion and cytokine release, and proinflammatory lipoproteins...
June 2018: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145201/dietary-fructo-oligosaccharides-attenuate-early-activation-of-cd4-t-cells-which-produce-both-th1-and-th2-cytokines-in-the-intestinal-lymphoid-tissues-of-a-murine-food-allergy-model
#6
Masato Tsuda, Haruka Arakawa, Narumi Ishii, Chihiro Ubukata, Mana Michimori, Masanari Noda, Kyoko Takahashi, Shuichi Kaminogawa, Akira Hosono
BACKGROUND: Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) are prebiotic agents with immunomodulatory effects involving improvement of the intestinal microbiota and metabolome. In this study, we investigated the cellular mechanisms through which FOS modulate intestinal antigen-specific CD4+ T cell responses in food allergy, using OVA23-3 mice. METHODS: OVA23-3 mice were fed an experimental diet containing either ovalbumin (OVA) or OVA and FOS for 1 week. Body weight and mucosal mast cell protease 1 in the serum were measured as the indicator of intestinal inflammation...
2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122501/psychoneuroimmunological-approach-to-gastrointestinal-related-pain
#7
REVIEW
Karlo Toljan, Bruce Vrooman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE (AIMS): Psychoneuroimmunology is both a theoretical and practical field of medicine in which human biology and psychology are considered an interconnected unity. Through such a framework it is possible to elucidate complex syndromes in gastrointestinal related pain, particularly chronic non-malignant. The aim is to provide insight into pathophysiological mechanisms and suggest treatment modalities according to a comprehensive paradigm. The article also presents novel findings that may guide clinicians to recognize new targets or scientists to find new research topics...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757138/early-life-antibiotic-exposure-causes-intestinal-dysbiosis-and-exacerbates-skin-and-lung-pathology-in-experimental-systemic-sclerosis
#8
Heena Mehta, Philippe-Olivier Goulet, Shunya Mashiko, Jade Desjardins, Gemma Pérez, Martial Koenig, Jean-Luc Senécal, Marco Constante, Manuela M Santos, Marika Sarfati
Patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) display altered intestinal microbiota. However, the influence of intestinal dysbiosis on the development of experimental SSc remains unknown. Topoisomerase I peptide-loaded dendritic cell immunization induces SSc-like disease, with progressive skin and lung fibrosis. Breeders were given streptomycin and pups continued to receive antibiotic (ATB) until endpoint (lifelongATB). Alternately, ATB was withdrawn (earlyATB) or initiated (adultATB) during adulthood. Topoisomerase I peptide-loaded dendritic cell (no ATB) immunization induced pronounced skin fibrosis, with increased matrix (Col1a1), profibrotic (Il13, Tweakr), and vascular function (Serpine1) gene expression...
November 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676349/immunoregulatory-effect-of-mast-cells-influenced-by-microbes-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Francesco Girolamo, Cristiana Coppola, Domenico Ribatti
When related to central nervous system (CNS) health and disease, brain mast cells (MCs) can be a source of either beneficial or deleterious signals acting on neural cells. We review the current state of knowledge about molecular interactions between MCs and glia in neurodegenerative diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Epilepsy. We also discuss the influence on MC actions evoked by the host microbiota, which has a profound effect on the host immune system, inducing important consequences in neurodegenerative disorders...
October 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499235/probiotics-a-non-conventional-therapy-for-oral-lichen-planus
#10
REVIEW
Xiao Han, Jing Zhang, Yaqin Tan, Gang Zhou
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common T-cell mediated chronic inflammatory disease. Although the etiology is still unclear, present studies suggest that the composition of the oral microbiota and psychological problems are implicated in the etiology of OLP. The pathogenesis of OLP includes mainly antigen-specific and non-specific mechanisms. Antigen-specific mechanisms involve T-cell activation following antigen presentation and apoptosis of basal keratinocytes triggered by CD8+ cytotoxic T cells, while non-specific mechanisms consist of matrix metalloproteinase over-expression and mast cell degranulation in OLP lesions...
September 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438083/supplemental-feeding-of-a-gut-microbial-metabolite-of-linoleic-acid-10-hydroxy-cis-12-octadecenoic-acid-alleviates-spontaneous-atopic-dermatitis-and-modulates-intestinal-microbiota-in-nc-nga-mice
#11
Hiroko Kaikiri, Junki Miyamoto, Takahiro Kawakami, Si-Bum Park, Nahoko Kitamura, Shigenobu Kishino, Yasunori Yonejima, Keiko Hisa, Jun Watanabe, Tasuku Ogita, Jun Ogawa, Soichi Tanabe, Takuya Suzuki
The present study investigated the antiallergic and anti-inflammatory effects of 10-hydroxy-cis-12-octadecenoic acid (HYA), a novel gut microbial metabolite of linoleic acid, in NC/Nga mice, a model of atopic dermatitis (AD). Feeding HYA decreased the plasma immunoglobulin E level and skin infiltration of mast cells with a concomitant decrease in dermatitis score. HYA feeding decreased TNF-α and increased claudin-1, a tight junction protein, levels in the mouse skin. Cytokine expression levels in the skin and intestinal Peyer's patches cells suggested that HYA improved the Th1/Th2 balance in mice...
December 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390799/skin-microbiome-and-mast-cells
#12
REVIEW
Satomi Igawa, Anna Di Nardo
Microbiotas in the skin have high levels of diversity at the species level, but low phylum-level diversity. The human skin microbiota is composed predominantly of Gram-positive bacteria especially Actinobacteria, which are the dominant bacterial phylum on the skin. Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is a major constituent of the cell wall of Gram-positive bacteria and is therefore abundant in the skin microbiome. Recent studies have shown that LTA, and other bacterial products, permeates the whole skin and comes into contact with epidermal and dermal cells, including mast cells (MCs), with the potential of stimulating MC toll-like receptors (TLRs)...
June 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115927/the-role-of-mast-cells-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Kang Nyeong Lee, Oh Young Lee
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders, but its treatment is unsatisfactory as its pathophysiology is multifactorial. The putative factors of IBS pathophysiology are visceral hypersensitivity and intestinal dysmotility, also including psychological factors, dysregulated gut-brain axis, intestinal microbiota alterations, impaired intestinal permeability, and mucosal immune alterations. Recently, mucosal immune alterations have received much attention with the role of mast cells in IBS...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049206/novel-mechanisms-underlying-the-therapeutic-effect-of-glycomacropeptide-on-allergy-change-in-gut-microbiota-upregulation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-and-inhibition-of-mast-cells
#14
Mariela Jiménez, Daniel Cervantes-García, Yualli Haydee Muñoz, Alejandra García, Luis Miguel Haro, Eva Salinas
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of allergic diseases is globally increasing. We have previously described that glycomacropeptide (GMP), a bioactive milk peptide, has therapeutic value in experimental models of skin hypersensitivity, anaphylaxis, and asthma, as it prevents an excessive T helper type 2 cell immune response. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of GMP on key elements directly involved in the development or control of allergy, in order to improve the precise knowledge about its mechanism of action...
2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918452/light-dark-shifting-promotes-alcohol-induced-colon-carcinogenesis-possible-role-of-intestinal-inflammatory-milieu-and-microbiota
#15
Faraz Bishehsari, Abdulrahman Saadalla, Khashayarsha Khazaie, Phillip A Engen, Robin M Voigt, Brandon B Shetuni, Christopher Forsyth, Maliha Shaikh, Martha Hotz Vitaterna, Fred Turek, Ali Keshavarzian
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is associated with the modern lifestyle. Chronic alcohol consumption-a frequent habit of majority of modern societies-increases the risk of CRC. Our group showed that chronic alcohol consumption increases polyposis in a mouse mode of CRC. Here we assess the effect of circadian disruption-another modern life style habit-in promoting alcohol-associated CRC. METHOD: TS4Cre × adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)(lox468) mice underwent (a) an alcohol-containing diet while maintained on a normal 12 h light:12 h dark cycle; or (b) an alcohol-containing diet in conjunction with circadian disruption by once-weekly 12 h phase reversals of the light:dark (LD) cycle...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789346/a-distinct-microbiota-composition-is-associated-with-protection-from-food-allergy-in-an-oral-mouse-immunization-model
#16
Susanne C Diesner, Cornelia Bergmayr, Barbara Pfitzner, Vera Assmann, Durga Krishnamurthy, Philipp Starkl, David Endesfelder, Michael Rothballer, Gerhard Welzl, Thomas Rattei, Thomas Eiwegger, Zsolt Szépfalusi, Heinz Fehrenbach, Erika Jensen-Jarolim, Anton Hartmann, Isabella Pali-Schöll, Eva Untersmayr
In our mouse model, gastric acid-suppression is associated with antigen-specific IgE and anaphylaxis development. We repeatedly observed non-responder animals protected from food allergy. Here, we aimed to analyse reasons for this protection. Ten out of 64 mice, subjected to oral ovalbumin (OVA) immunizations under gastric acid-suppression, were non-responders without OVA-specific IgE or IgG1 elevation, indicating protection from allergy. In these non-responders, allergen challenges confirmed reduced antigen uptake and lack of anaphylactic symptoms, while in allergic mice high levels of mouse mast-cell protease-1 and a body temperature reduction, indicative for anaphylaxis, were determined...
December 2016: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746235/skin-microbiome-promotes-mast-cell-maturation-by-triggering-stem-cell-factor-production-in-keratinocytes
#17
Zhenping Wang, Nicholas Mascarenhas, Lars Eckmann, Yukiko Miyamoto, Xiaojun Sun, Toshiaki Kawakami, Anna Di Nardo
BACKGROUND: Mast cell (MC) progenitors leave the bone marrow, enter the circulation, and settle in the skin and other tissues. Their maturation in tissues is influenced by the surrounding microenvironment. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that environmental factors play a role in MC maturation in the skin. METHODS: MCs were numerically, phenotypically, and functionally compared between germ-free (GF), specific pathogen-free, and GF mice reconstituted with microbiota...
April 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621812/individual-strains-of-lactobacillus-paracasei-differentially-inhibit-human-basophil-and-mouse-mast-cell-activation
#18
Lydie Cassard, Ana Inés Lalanne, Peggy Garault, Aurélie Cotillard, Christian Chervaux, Michiel Wels, Tamara Smokvina, Marc Daëron, Raphaëlle Bourdet-Sicard
INTRODUCTION: The microbiota controls a variety of biological functions, including immunity, and alterations of the microbiota in early life are associated with a higher risk of developing allergies later in life. Several probiotic bacteria, and particularly lactic acid bacteria, were described to reduce both the induction of allergic responses and allergic manifestations. Although specific probiotic strains were used in these studies, their protective effects on allergic responses also might be common for all lactobacilli...
September 2016: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436071/antibiotics-suppress-activation-of-intestinal-mucosal-mast-cells-and-reduce-dietary-lipid-absorption-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#19
Hirokazu Sato, Linda S Zhang, Kristina Martinez, Eugene B Chang, Qing Yang, Fei Wang, Philip N Howles, Ryota Hokari, Soichiro Miura, Patrick Tso
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The gut microbiota affects intestinal permeability and mucosal mast cells (MMCs) responses. Activation of MMCs has been associated with absorption of dietary fat. We investigated whether the gut microbiota contributes to the fat-induced activation of MMCs in rats, and how antibiotics might affect this process. METHODS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were given streptomycin and penicillin for 4 days (n = 6-8) to reduce the abundance of their gut flora, or normal drinking water (controls, n = 6-8)...
November 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376863/integrative-concepts-of-rosacea-pathophysiology-clinical-presentation-and-new-therapeutics
#20
REVIEW
Anna D Holmes, Martin Steinhoff
Rosacea is a chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease with high prevalence worldwide. Recent research suggests that dysregulation of innate and adaptive immune pathways as well as neurovascular changes is present, with different degrees of importance in the various subtypes. Neither the aetiology, genetics nor pathophysiological basis of the vascular, inflammatory or fibrotic changes is well understood. The clinical spectrum comprises a huge variability from erythema (vasodilation) to papules/pustules (inflammatory infiltrate) to phymata (fibrosis, glandular hyperplasia) making it a valuable human disease model to understand the interplay between the neurovascular and immune systems as well as the progression from chronic inflammation to fibrosis in skin...
August 2017: Experimental Dermatology
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