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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304240/adipose-tissue-derived-stem-cells-in-a-fibrin-implant-enhance-neovascularization-in-a-peritoneal-grafting-site-a-potential-way-to-improve-ovarian-tissue-transplantation
#1
D D Manavella, L Cacciottola, C M Desmet, B F Jordan, J Donnez, C A Amorim, M M Dolmans
STUDY QUESTION: Do two different concentrations of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) embedded inside a fibrin scaffold have the potential to differentiate into vessels and aid vascularization in a peritoneal grafting site intended for ovarian tissue transplantation? SUMMARY ANSWER: Human ASCs in low and high concentrations differentiated into vessels when transplanted to mouse peritoneum inside a fibrin matrix, but only high ASC concentrations significantly increased human vessel area 14 days after transplantation...
January 3, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295488/the-french-armed-forces-virology-unit-a-chronological-record-of-ongoing-research-on-orthopoxvirus
#2
REVIEW
Déborah Delaune, Frédéric Iseni, Audrey Ferrier-Rembert, Christophe N Peyrefitte, Olivier Ferraris
Since the official declaration of smallpox eradication in 1980, the general population vaccination has ceased worldwide. Therefore, people under 40 year old are generally not vaccinated against smallpox and have no cross protection against orthopoxvirus infections. This naïve population may be exposed to natural or intentional orthopoxvirus emergences. The virology unit of the Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées (France) has developed research programs on orthopoxviruses since 2000. Its missions were conceived to improve the diagnosis capabilities, to foster vaccine development, and to develop antivirals targeting specific viral proteins...
December 23, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281634/competitiveness-and-survival-of-two-strains-of-glossina-palpalis-gambiensis-in-an-urban-area-of-senegal
#3
Mireille Djimangali Bassène, Momar Talla Seck, Soumaïla Pagabeleguem, Assane Gueye Fall, Baba Sall, Marc J B Vreysen, Geoffrey Gimonneau, Jérémy Bouyer
BACKGROUND: In the Niayes area, located in the west of Senegal, only one tsetse species, Glossina palpalis gambiensis Vanderplank (Diptera: Glossinidae) was present. The Government of Senegal initiated and implemented an elimination programme in this area that included a sterile insect technique (SIT) component. The G. p. gambiensis strain (BKF) mass-reared at the Centre International de Recherche-Développement sur l'Elevage en zone Subhumide (CIRDES) in Burkina Faso was used for the SIT component...
December 27, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281007/safety-of-ovarian-tissue-transplantation-in-patients-with-borderline-ovarian-tumors
#4
Rossella Masciangelo, Chiara Bosisio, Jacques Donnez, Christiani A Amorim, Marie-Madeleine Dolmans
STUDY QUESTION: Is transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue from patients with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) a safe procedure? SUMMARY ANSWER: BOT cells were found in frozen-thawed and xenografted ovarian tissue in 1 of 11 BOT patients. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The risk of reintroducing malignant cells upon ovarian tissue transplantation has been subject of debate for many years. Reimplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue from leukemia patients is unsafe, while results from studies of cryopreserved ovarian tissue from other forms of cancer, such as Hodgkin's lymphoma, are reassuring...
December 21, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229440/post-exposure-prophylaxis-with-doxycycline-to-prevent-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-an-open-label-randomised-substudy-of-the-anrs-ipergay-trial
#5
Jean-Michel Molina, Isabelle Charreau, Christian Chidiac, Gilles Pialoux, Eric Cua, Constance Delaugerre, Catherine Capitant, Daniela Rojas-Castro, Julien Fonsart, Béatrice Bercot, Cécile Bébéar, Laurent Cotte, Olivier Robineau, François Raffi, Pierre Charbonneau, Alexandre Aslan, Julie Chas, Laurence Niedbalski, Bruno Spire, Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Diane Carette, Soizic Le Mestre, Veronique Doré, Laurence Meyer
BACKGROUND: Increased rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have been reported among men who have sex with men. We aimed to assess whether post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) with doxycycline could reduce the incidence of STIs. METHODS: All participants attending their scheduled visit in the open-label extension of the ANRS IPERGAY trial in France (men aged 18 years or older having condomless sex with men and using pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate plus emtricitabine) were eligible for inclusion in this open-label randomised study...
December 8, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218379/a-prospective-international-observational-prevalence-study-on-prone-positioning-of-ards-patients-the-apronet-ards-prone-position-network-study
#6
C Guérin, P Beuret, J M Constantin, G Bellani, P Garcia-Olivares, O Roca, J H Meertens, P Azevedo Maia, T Becher, J Peterson, A Larsson, M Gurjar, Z Hajjej, F Kovari, A H Assiri, E Mainas, M S Hasan, D R Morocho-Tutillo, L Baboi, J M Chrétien, G François, L Ayzac, L Chen, L Brochard, A Mercat
INTRODUCTION: While prone positioning (PP) has been shown to improve patient survival in moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients, the rate of application of PP in clinical practice still appears low. AIM: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of use of PP in ARDS patients (primary endpoint), the physiological effects of PP, and the reasons for not using it (secondary endpoints). METHODS: The APRONET study was a prospective international 1-day prevalence study performed four times in April, July, and October 2016 and January 2017...
December 7, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203133/-primary-care-a-definition-of-the-field-to-develop-research
#7
M Afonso, A Bénard, A Chapron, K Chau, E Doussiet, F Guillemin, S Guillo, D Gonthier, S Lafarge, M Lapeyre-Mestre, M Oriol, F Tubach, A Verga-Gérard
BACKGROUND: Research in the field of primary care has dramatically increased in France in recent years, especially since 2013 with the introduction of primary care as a thematic priority for research proposals launched by the Ministry of Health (Direction générale de l'offre de soins). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The RECaP (Research in Clinical Epidemiology and Public Health) network is a French research network supported by Inserm, which recently implemented a specific working group focusing on research in primary care, based on a multidisciplinary approach...
December 1, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188872/soluble-milk-proteins-improve-muscle-mass-recovery-after-immobilization-induced-muscle-atrophy-in-old-rats-but-do-not-improve-muscle-functional-property-restoration
#8
J Verney, V Martin, S Ratel, V Chavanelle, M Bargetto, M Etienne, E Chaplais, P Le Ruyet, C Bonhomme, L Combaret, C Guillet, N Boisseau, P Sirvent, D Dardevet
OBJECTIVES: Effect of 3 different dairy protein sources on the recovery of muscle function after limb immobilization in old rats. DESIGN: Longitudinal animal study. SETTING: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA). The study took part in a laboratory setting. INTERVENTION: Old rats were subjected to unilateral hindlimb immobilization for 8 days and then allowed to recover with 3 different dietary proteins: casein, soluble milk proteins or whey proteins for 49 days...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181236/machine-learning-to-improve-the-effectiveness-of-anrs-in-predicting-hiv-drug-resistance
#9
Yashik Singh
Objectives: Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is one of the major burdens of disease in developing countries, and the standard-of-care treatment includes prescribing antiretroviral drugs. However, antiretroviral drug resistance is inevitable due to selective pressure associated with the high mutation rate of HIV. Determining antiretroviral resistance can be done by phenotypic laboratory tests or by computer-based interpretation algorithms...
October 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153586/non-specific-effects-of-childhood-vaccinations-a-case-control-study-nested-into-a-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-in-rural-burkina-faso
#10
G Pfeiffer, A B Fisker, E Nebié, J Hengelbrock, A Sié, H Becher, O Müller
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies in African countries have been suggestive of non-specific effects (NSE) of vaccination on child survival. Live vaccines (e.g. measles, MV) have been found to reduce child mortality while inactivated vaccines (e.g. diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, DTP) have been associated with increased mortality; NSE were often found to be sex-specific. METHODS: A case-control study nested into the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) cohort of the Centre de Recherche en Santé de Nouna (CRSN) was conducted in northwestern Burkina Faso...
November 15, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151047/interpretation-of-health-news-items-reported-with-or-without-spin-protocol-for-a-prospective-meta-analysis-of-16-randomised-controlled-trials
#11
Romana Haneef, Amélie Yavchitz, Philippe Ravaud, Gabriel Baron, Ivan Oranksy, Gary Schwitzer, Isabelle Boutron
INTRODUCTION: We aim to compare the interpretation of health news items reported with or without spin. 'Spin' is defined as a misrepresentation of study results, regardless of motive (intentionally or unintentionally) that overemphasises the beneficial effects of the intervention and overstates safety compared with that shown by the results. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We have planned a series of 16 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to perform a prospective meta-analysis...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146007/-psoriatic-arthritis-in-france-from-infants-to-the-elderly-findings-from-two-cross-sectional-multicenter-studies
#12
A Galezowski, F Maccari, S Hadj-Rabia, M-L Sigal, A Phan, M Lahfa, A-C Bursztejn, H Barthélémy, F Boralévi, Z Reguiai, C Chiavérini, E Estève, E Bourrat, M Ruer-Mulard, A Beauchet, E Mahé
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis affects 20-30% of patients with psoriasis. Few epidemiological data are available in France about its prevalence and its association with skin lesions and comorbidities. OBJECTIVES: To assess the epidemiological aspects and the risk factors for psoriatic arthritis in children and adults in France. METHODS: Two cross-sectional studies were conducted in France in children (χ-Psocar, 23 pediatric dermatology centers belonging to the SFDP, 1 year) and adults (Resopsocar, 29 dermatology centers belonging to GEM RESOPSO, 4 months) to study the link between psoriasis and cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidities...
November 13, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145594/wellbeing-of-gay-fathers-with-children-born-through-surrogacy-a-comparison-with-lesbian-mother-families-and-heterosexual-ivf-parent-families
#13
L Van Rijn-van Gelderen, H W M Bos, T D Jorgensen, K Ellis-Davies, A Winstanley, S Golombok, B Rubio, M Gross, O Vecho, M E Lamb
STUDY QUESTION: Are there differences in levels of parental wellbeing (parental stress, psychological adjustment and partner relationship satisfaction) between gay-father families with infants born through surrogacy, lesbian-mother families with infants born through donor insemination, and heterosexual-parent families with infants born through IVF? SUMMARY ANSWER: There were no differences in parental wellbeing. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The only other study of parental wellbeing in gay-father families formed through surrogacy (mean age children: 4 years old) found no difference in couple relationship satisfaction between these families and lesbian-mother families formed through donor insemination and heterosexual-parent families formed without assisted reproductive technologies...
November 14, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120321/une-sant%C3%A3-mondiale-repens%C3%A3-e-la-perspective-de-futures-chercheuses-praticiennes
#14
Muriel Mac-Seing, Cielo Perez Osorio, Stella Tine, Charity Oga Omenka, Rolande Chegno Gueutue
 L'étude des conséquences de la mondialisation sur la santé des populations est au coeur de la santé mondiale. Ce faisant, la mondialisation conditionne également la mise en oeuvre des projets de recherche et des interventions en santé mondiale, et les rapports sociaux inégalitaires qui s'y perpétuent. Le présent commentaire propose des réflexions sur des défis épistémologiques et politiques auxquels se confronte la santé mondiale. Celles-ci sont issues d'observations et de discussions pendant et après la Conférence canadienne sur la santé mondiale, tenue en novembre 2015...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107324/daytime-variation-of-perioperative-myocardial-injury-in-cardiac-surgery-and-its-prevention-by-rev-erb%C3%AE-antagonism-a-single-centre-propensity-matched-cohort-study-and-a-randomised-study
#15
David Montaigne, Xavier Marechal, Thomas Modine, Augustin Coisne, Stéphanie Mouton, Georges Fayad, Sandro Ninni, Cédric Klein, Staniel Ortmans, Claire Seunes, Charlotte Potelle, Alexandre Berthier, Celine Gheeraert, Catherine Piveteau, Rebecca Deprez, Jérome Eeckhoute, Hélène Duez, Dominique Lacroix, Benoit Deprez, Bruno Jegou, Mohamed Koussa, Jean-Louis Edme, Philippe Lefebvre, Bart Staels
BACKGROUND: On-pump cardiac surgery provokes a predictable perioperative myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury which is associated with poor clinical outcomes. We determined the occurrence of time-of-the-day variation in perioperative myocardial injury in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement and its molecular mechanisms. METHODS: We studied the incidence of major adverse cardiac events in a prospective observational single-centre cohort study of patients with severe aortic stenosis and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (>50%) who were referred to our cardiovascular surgery department at Lille University Hospital (Lille, France) for aortic valve replacement and underwent surgery in the morning or afternoon...
October 26, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067906/the-age-of-blood-evaluation-able-randomised-controlled-trial-description-of-the-uk-funded-arm-of-the-international-trial-the-uk-cost-utility-analysis-and-secondary-analyses-exploring-factors-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life-and-health-care-costs
#16
Timothy S Walsh, Simon Stanworth, Julia Boyd, David Hope, Sue Hemmatapour, Helen Burrows, Helen Campbell, Elena Pizzo, Nicholas Swart, Stephen Morris
BACKGROUND: At present, red blood cells (RBCs) are stored for up to 42 days prior to transfusion. The relative effectiveness and safety of different RBC storage times prior to transfusion is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of transfusing fresher RBCs (stored for ≤ 7 days) compared with current standard-aged RBCs in critically ill patients requiring blood transfusions. DESIGN: The international Age of BLood Evaluation (ABLE) trial was a multicentre, randomised, blinded trial undertaken in Canada, the UK, the Netherlands and France...
October 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040471/endometriosis-fertility-index-predicts-live-births-following-surgical-resection-of-moderate-and-severe-endometriosis
#17
S Maheux-Lacroix, E Nesbitt-Hawes, R Deans, H Won, A Budden, D Adamson, J A Abbott
STUDY QUESTION: Can live birth be accurately predicted following surgical resection of moderate-severe (Stage III-IV) endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Live births can accurately be predicted with the endometriosis fertility index (EFI), with adnexal function being the most important factor to predict non-assisted reproductive technology (non-ART) fertility or the requirement for ART (www.endometriosisefi.com). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Fertility prognosis is important to many women with severe endometriosis...
November 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027488/global-health-promotion-et-la-recherche-interventionnelle-en-sant%C3%A3-des-populations
#18
Suzanne F Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984527/corrigendum-to-analgesic-effect-of-maternal-human-milk-odor-on-premature-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
(no author information available yet)
Baudesson de Chanville, A., Brevaut-Malaty, V., Garbi, A., Tosello, B., Baumstarck, K., Gire, C., & Le Cozannet, R. (2017). Analgesic effect of maternal human milk odor on premature neonates: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Human Lactation, 33(2), 300-308. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0890334417693225) In this article that appeared in the May 2017 issue of Journal of Human Lactation, the following corrections are required due to an inadvertent omission by the research team authoring the paper. 1) Dr. Romain Le Cozannet has been added as an author...
November 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975832/systemic-and-adjuvant-therapies-for-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#20
Yun Shin Chun, Milind Javle
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma represents the second most common primary liver cancer and is increasing in incidence. Most patients are diagnosed at an advanced, nonsurgical stage and only about 1 in 5 cases are surgically resectable. Despite surgery, the 5-year survival is low at only 30%. Multifocal, node- or margin-positive disease is at a higher risk of recurrence after resection. There is no level 1 evidence in support of postoperative adjuvant therapy. A recent adjuvant therapy phase III trial from the Partenariat de Recherche en Oncologie Digestive-Actions Concertées dans les Cancers Colo-Rectaux et Digestifs (PRODIGE) group reported no survival advantage with adjuvant gemcitabine and oxaliplatin therapy...
July 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
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