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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056891/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-and-severity-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-in-patients-after-kidney-transplantation
#1
Ł Czyżewski, P Frelik, J Wyzgał, Ł Szarpak
INTRODUCTION: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) has a significant impact on a patient's quality of life (QoL). The optimal treatment for ESRD is kidney transplantation (KTx), which aims to extend and improve QoL. The aim of the study was to assess a QoL in KTx recipients. METHODS: Our study included 118 post-KTx patients. The research tool employed for assessment was a questionnaire consisting of standardized instruments: the 36-item Short Form (SF-36); the Kidney Disease Quality of Life (KDQOL) instrument; and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress (DASS) scale...
July 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963567/the-effect-of-mindfulness-program-on-general-health-of-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#2
Maryam Moosavi Nejad, Nahid Shahgholian, Rahele Samouei
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing hemodialysis have a low level of health and mindfulness technique in mind-body medicine is used to help patients with chronic illness. Therefore, this clinical trial was conducted to determine the effect of the mindfulness program on the general health of patients undergoing treatment with hemodialysis. METHODS: Sixty hemodialysis patients were selected through the convenient method and randomly divided into experimental and control groups...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961018/development-and-feasibility-of-a-guided-and-tailored-internet-based-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-for-kidney-donors-and-kidney-donor-candidates
#3
Lieke Wirken, Henriët van Middendorp, Christina W Hooghof, Tamara E Bremer, Sabine P F Hopman, Karlijn A M I van der Pant, Andries J Hoitsma, Luuk B Hilbrands, Andrea W M Evers
OBJECTIVES: Living donor kidney transplantation is currently the preferred treatment for patients with end-stage renal disease. A subgroup of the kidney donor population experiences adjustment problems during or after the donation procedure (eg, anxiety or fatigue). There is a need for evidence-based interventions that decrease donation-related difficulties before or after donation. In the current study, a guided and tailored internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (ICBT) intervention for donors and donor candidates was developed and the feasibility and perceived effectiveness were evaluated...
June 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929599/end-stage-renal-disease-chronic-itch-and-its-management
#4
REVIEW
Radomir Reszke, Jacek C Szepietowski
End-stage renal disease chronic itch is a frequent symptom that bothers patients with advanced stages of chronic kidney disease. The pathogenesis of the chronic itch symptom is complex and not yet fully understood and includes many metabolic, immunologic, and neurogenic factors. A significant burden of the disease results in decreased quality of life with sleep impairment, depressive symptoms, and increased mortality of affected individuals. No treatment of choice is available; topical therapy (emollients), phototherapy (UV-B), and systemic therapy (antiepileptics, opioid agonists, and antagonists) provide significant relief in varying percentages of patients...
July 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869149/altered-amygdala-related-structural-covariance-and-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients
#5
Anmao Li, Junya Mu, Mingxia Huang, Zengjun Zhang, Jixin Liu, Ming Zhang
Depression and cognitive control deficits were frequently reported in concurrent end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Neuroimaging studies indicated depression could be a risk factor for cognitive control deficits, and amygdala-related circuitry may play a critical role in this abnormal interaction. To investigate the potential relationship between depressive symptoms and cognitive control reduction in ESRD patients, T1-weighted and resting fMRI images were obtained in 29 ESRD patients and 29 healthy controls...
June 4, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773842/systemic-vascular-risk-factors-for-multiple-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-defects
#6
Kyoung In Jung, Seon Joo Kim, Chan Kee Park
Multiple retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defects develop uncommonly, even though glaucomatous RNFL loss is typically observed as one RNFL defect in each quadrant. We investigated the risk factors associated with multiple RNFL defects to increase our understanding of the nature and pathogenesis of various RNFL defect patterns. Data from subjects with multiple RNFL defects (28 patients) and glaucoma patients without multiple RNFL defects (194 patients) were analyzed. The term "multiple RNFL defects" refers to three or more isolated defects separated by a comparatively normal area...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661345/dass21-a-useful-tool-in-the-psychological-profile-evaluation-of-dialysis-patients
#7
Wen Jiun Liu, Ramli Musa, Thian Fook Chew, Christopher Thiam Seong Lim, Zaki Morad, Mohamad Adam Bin Bujang
BACKGROUND: The effect of dialysis treatment is complex, with both clinical and socio-psychological effects. In this study, we aimed to assess the psychological status of this growing population of end-stage renal disease. METHODS: Using the Short Form of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS21) questionnaire, we aimed (1) to measure the psychological states of hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) subjects from 15 sites, (2) to compare DASS21 scores between HD and PD, and (3) to identify the associated demographic and medical factors of better psychological states...
April 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629280/effectiveness-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-mindfulness-in-end-stage-renal-disease-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Bo Kyung Sohn, Yun Kyu Oh, Jung-Seok Choi, Jiyoun Song, Ahyoung Lim, Jung Pyo Lee, Jung Nam An, Hee-Jeong Choi, Jae Yeon Hwang, Hee-Yeon Jung, Jun-Young Lee, Chun Soo Lim
Background: Many patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD) experience depression. Depression influences patient quality of life (QOL), dialysis compliance, and medical comorbidity. We developed and applied a group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program including mindfulness meditation for ESRD patients undergoing HD, and measured changes in QOL, mood, anxiety, perceived stress, and biochemical markers. Methods: We conducted group CBT over a 12-week period with seven ESRD patients undergoing HD and suffering from depression...
March 2018: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607636/the-quality-of-life-of-hemodialysis-patients-is-affected-not-only-by-medical-but-also-psychosocial-factors-a-canonical-correlation-study
#9
Kyungmin Kim, Gun Woo Kang, Jungmin Woo
BACKGROUND: The quality of life (QoL) of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is very poor, plausibly due to both psychosocial and medical factors. This study aimed to determine the relationship among psychosocial factors, medical factors, and QoL in patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: In total, 55 male and 47 female patients were evaluated (mean age, 57.1 ± 12.0 years). The QoL was evaluated using the Korean version of World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale-Abbreviated Version...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593798/depressive-symptoms-but-not-chronic-pain-have-an-impact-on-the-survival-of-patients-undergoing-maintenance-hemodialysis
#10
Mariusz Kusztal, Ewa Trafidło, Katarzyna Madziarska, Hanna Augustyniak-Bartosik, Maciej Karczewski, Waclaw Weyde, Magdalena Krajewska, Joanna Rymaszewska, Marian Klinger
Introduction: More than 1/3 of patients with end-stage renal disease who are in a chronic dialysis program suffer from chronic pain and depression/anxiety. The aim of the study was to determine the impacts of symptoms of depression/anxiety, chronic pain and quality of life (QoL) on 6-year patient survival. Material and methods: Observational study of end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis ( n = 205) who met the inclusion criteria. Patients from three dialysis centers in Lower Silesia were asked to complete a battery of validated questionnaires: the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the 36-item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire, the Verbal Rating Scale (VRS) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS)...
March 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578403/patient-reported-outcomes-pros-argue-against-the-limited-use-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in-end-stage-renal-disease
#11
Carola W H de Fijter, Anouk T N van Diepen, Fariba Amiri, Friedo W Dekker, Ray T Krediet
AIM: Approximately 40% of dialysis patients are durably treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) in our teaching hospital. Patients' perspectives were studied by patient-reported outcome measurements (PROMs) to find possible explanations for why the generally-reported decline in the use of PD hardly occurred in our facility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All 75 prevalent adult dialysis patients hemodialysis (HD) duration 27, PD 16 months) were included. All had received predialysis care and education for > 6 month...
August 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566918/causes-pathophysiology-and-treatment-of-pruritus-in-the-mature-patient
#12
Alina Shevchenko, Rodrigo Valdes-Rodriguez, Gil Yosipovitch
Chronic itch is a common and debilitating health condition in the elderly. There are several common causes of itch in the mature population, such as skin xerosis, immunosenescence, and neuropathic changes. In addition, skin diseases, such as seborrheic dermatitis and stasis dermatitis, systemic conditions (end-stage renal disease and diabetes), or psychogenic derailments, such as depression, anxiety, and dementia, can all serve as triggers of pruritus. Polypharmacy, a common occurrence among the elderly population, may also serve as a cause of itch that may or may not be accompanied by dermatitis...
March 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559806/anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-impact-and-management-challenges-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Zhong Sheng Goh, Konstadina Griva
Psychiatric disorders commonly co-exist with the diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Research on depression and CKD has increased to a great extent. Multiple studies have demonstrated that depression is more prevalent in CKD and that end-stage renal disease is a robust risk factor for adverse outcomes such as hospitalization and mortality, yet these are often underdiagnosed or untreated. This review provides a selective overview on the prevalence rates of depression and anxiety in patients with CKD and across renal replacement therapies, the factors most consistently associated with symptoms of distress and their clinical implications...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553441/depression-in-patients-treated-with-haemodialysis-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam Sous, Fatimah Jorf, Mahmoud Taqatqa, Mahdi Allan, Lamees Sawalha, Enas Lubadeh, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of end-stage renal disease in the Palestinian population and the effect of the disease on the psychological status of the patient underlie the importance of increasing knowledge about the mental health status of patients with end-stage renal disease. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression in Palestinian patients treated with haemodialysis and its correlation with patients' clinical characteristics, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and adherence to medications...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482196/unrecognized-cardiovascular-emergencies-among-medicare-patients
#15
Daniel A Waxman, Hemal K Kanzaria, David L Schriger
Importance: The Institute of Medicine described diagnostic error as the next frontier in patient safety and highlighted a critical need for better measurement tools. Objectives: To estimate the proportions of emergency department (ED) visits attributable to symptoms of imminent ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke, aortic dissection, and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) that end in discharge without diagnosis; to evaluate longitudinal trends; and to identify patient characteristics independently associated with missed diagnostic opportunities...
April 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480025/intradialytic-exercise-training-modalities-on-physical-functioning-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-maintenance-hemodialysis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Mansueto Gomes Neto, Filipe Ferrari Ribeiro de Lacerda, Antonio Alberto Lopes, Bruno Prata Martinez, Micheli Bernardone Saquetto
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of different intradialytic exercise training modalities on physical functioning and health-related quality of life of maintenance hemodialysis patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Trials Register and CINAHL for controlled trials that evaluated the effects of intradialytic exercise training for maintenance hemodialysis patients and published from the earliest available date to December 2017. Weighted mean difference and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated, and heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 test...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478020/chinese-observational-prospective-study-of-ageing-population-with-chronic-kidney-disease-c-option-a-study-protocol
#17
Shuang Liang, Wen-Ling Wang, Fang-Lei Zhu, Shu-Wei Duan, Xue-Feng Sun, Xiang-Mei Chen, Guang-Yan Cai
INTRODUCTION: The proportion of elderly people is steadily rising worldwide, especially in low-income and middle-income countries, including China. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common disorder in older people. However, little is known about the epidemiology of CKD and its consequences among the elderly. Improvements on clinical guidelines and healthcare policies for this population are required. This study aims to examine the risk factors for progression of CKD among the elderly and develop models to identify subgroups who are at high risk...
February 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346806/lithium-and-renal-impairment-a-review-on-a-still-hot-topic
#18
René Ernst Nielsen, Lars Vedel Kessing, Willem A Nolen, Rasmus W Licht
INTRODUCTION: Lithium is established as an effective treatment of mania, of depression in bipolar and unipolar disorder, and in maintenance treatment of these disorders. However, due to the necessity of monitoring and concerns about irreversible adverse effects, in particular renal impairment, after long-term use, lithium might be underutilized. METHODS: This study reviewed 6 large observational studies addressing the risk of impaired renal function associated with lithium treatment and methodological issues impacting interpretation of results...
January 18, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344881/the-impact-of-exercise-on-physical-function-cardiovascular-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Baris Afsar, Dimitrie Siriopol, Gamze Aslan, Ozgur C Eren, Tuncay Dagel, Ugur Kilic, Asiye Kanbay, Alexandru Burlacu, Adrian Covic, Mehmet Kanbay
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is increasing steadily. CKD does not only relate to morbidity and mortality but also has impact on quality of life, depression and malnutrition. Such patients often have significantly decreased physical activity. Recent evidence suggests that low physical activity is associated with morbidity, mortality, muscle atrophy, quality of life impairment, cardiovascular outcomes and depression. Based on this, it is now recommended to regularly improve the physical activity of these patients...
May 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340805/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-an-update
#20
REVIEW
Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Sherif Sakr, Ada Al-Qunaibet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular diseases account for nearly one third of all deaths globally. Improving exercise capacity and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has been an important target to reduce cardiovascular events. In addition, the American Heart Association defined decreased physical activity as the fourth risk factor for coronary artery disease. Multiple large cohort studies have evaluated the impact of CRF on outcomes. In this review, we will discuss the role of CRF in reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality...
January 16, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
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