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Vitamins and minerals digestion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230263/recent-advances-in-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-gaba-properties-in-pulses-an-overview
#1
REVIEW
Nooshin Nikmaram, B N Dar, Shahin Roohinejad, Mohamed Koubaa, Francisco J Barba, Greiner Ralf, Stuart K Johnson
Beans, peas, and lentils are all types of pulses that are extensively used as foods around the world due to their beneficial effects on human health including their low glycemic index, cholesterol lowering effects, ability to decrease the risk of heart diseases and their protective effects against some cancers. These health benefits are a result of their components such as bioactive proteins, dietary fibers, slowly digested starches, minerals and vitamins, and bioactive compounds. Among these bioactive compounds, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a non-proteinogenic amino acid with numerous reported health benefits (e...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135835/clinical-use-of-nutraceuticals-in-the-adjunctive-treatment-of-depression-in-mood-disorders
#2
Jerome Sarris
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to detail a summary of the current evidence in this area, to better inform clinical practice. Our recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses of nutrient pharmacotherapies in the treatment unipolar depression revealed primarily positive results for replicated studies testing S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe), methylfolate, omega-3 (EPA or ethyl-EPA), and Vitamin D; with supportive isolated studies found for creatine and an amino acid combination. Mixed results were found for zinc, folic acid, Vitamin C, and tryptophan; and non-significant study results for inositol...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111821/digestibility-of-a-new-diet-for-captive-short-beaked-echidnas-tachyglossus-aculeatus
#3
Hayley J Stannard, Jamie M Bekkers, Julie M Old, Bronwyn M McAllan, Michelle E Shaw
Short-beaked echidnas (Tachyglossus aculeatus) are myrmecophages, or ant and termite insectivore specialists, and replicating their exact diet in captivity is problematic. Diets for captive animals often incorporate raw meat, eggs and cat food mixed together with water, and vitamin and mineral supplements. These diets have promoted a number of health problems in captive echidnas, such as gastritis, cystitis, gut impaction, obesity, and diarrhea. A manufactured diet was designed and three echidnas from two zoos were transitioned onto this diet to assess the acceptability and digestibility of this diet for echidnas...
January 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096611/recent-advances-in-role-of-chromium-and-its-antioxidant-combinations-in-poultry-nutrition-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Z Haq, R K Jain, N Khan, M Y Dar, S Ali, M Gupta, T K Varun
Poultry is reared in open side houses in most of the tropical countries, which results in huge temperature variation in shed causing stress resulting in increased demand of antioxidant supplementation. Since cooling of poultry houses or environment control is very expensive, thus methods focused on nutritional modifications appears to be the much logical approach. Stress increases mineral and vitamin mobilization from tissues and their excretion. Effect of some minerals and vitamin supplements such as chromium (Cr) and ascorbic acid to elevate the negative effects of environmental stress is well documented...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096139/potential-health-benefits-of-combining-yogurt-and-fruits-based-on-their-probiotic-and-prebiotic-properties
#5
REVIEW
Melissa Anne Fernandez, André Marette
Fruit and yogurt have been identified individually as indicators of healthy dietary patterns. Fruits are relatively low in energy density and are an excellent source of antioxidants and prebiotic fibers and polyphenols, which can promote digestive health. Yogurt, on the other hand, is a nutrient-dense food that is a good source of dairy protein, calcium, magnesium, vitamin B-12, conjugated linoleic acid, and other key fatty acids. In addition, it contains beneficial bacterial cultures, making it a potential source of probiotics...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011717/hormonal-regulation-of-reproductive-growth-under-normal-and-heat-stress-conditions-in-legume-and-other-model-crop-species
#6
REVIEW
Jocelyn A Ozga, Harleen Kaur, Raghavendra P Savada, Dennis M Reinecke
Legume crops are grown throughout the world and provide an excellent food source of digestible protein and starch, as well as dietary fibre, vitamins, minerals, and flavonoids. Fruit and seeds from legumes are also an important source of vegetables for a well-balanced diet. A trend in elevated temperature as a result of climate change increases the risk of a heat stress-induced reduction in legume crop yield. High temperatures during the crop reproductive development phase are particularly detrimental to fruit/seed production because the growth and development of the reproductive tissues are sensitive to small changes in temperature...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942551/the-effect-of-1%C3%AE-25-oh-2d3-on-osteogenic-differentiation-of-stem-cells-from-dental-pulp-of-exfoliated-deciduous-teeth
#7
Farzad Mojarad, Iraj Amiri, Rezvan Rafatjou, Atousa Janeshin, Maryam Farhadian
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) are a population of highly proliferative cells, being capable of differentiating into osteogenic, odontogenic, adipocytes, and neural cells. Vitamin D3 metabolites such as 1α, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 are key factors in the regulation of bone metabolism. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 1α, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on osteogenic differentiation (alkaline phosphatase activity and alizarin red staining) of stem cells of exfoliated deciduous teeth...
December 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777459/gluten-free-starch-noodles-from-sweet-potato-with-reduced-starch-digestibility-and-enhanced-protein-content
#8
Renjusha Menon, G Padmaja, A N Jyothi, V Asha, M S Sajeev
Sweet potato starch (SPS) noodles despite being gluten-free, has low nutritional value as it lacks proteins, minerals, vitamins etc. The objective of this study was to develop gluten-free starch noodles from sweet potato with enhanced protein content through fortification with whey protein concentrate (WPC) and to study the effect of protein fortification and blending SPS with banana (BS), cassava (CS) and mung bean (MBS) starches and annealed cassava starch (ACS) in reducing the starch digestibility. The highest protein retention in cooked noodles was obtained for 20 % WPC fortification, while the lowest starch digestibility was observed for 40 % BS fortified noodles followed by 50 % ACS fortified noodles...
September 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611633/effects-of-variety-and-storage-duration-on-the-nutrient-digestibility-and-the-digestible-and-metabolisable-energy-content-of-maize-fed-to-growing-pigs
#9
Lei Zhang, Ling Liu, Defa Li, Quanfeng Li, Xiangshu Piao, Philip A Thacker, Michael A Brown, Changhua Lai
The objective of this research was to determine the effects of variety and storage duration on the nutrient digestibility and the digestible (DE) and metabolisable (ME) energy content in maize when fed to growing pigs. Four maize varieties (LS1, LS2, LS3 and LS4) were hand-harvested from the same growing area in China in early October of 2012. The samples were sun dried to about 14% moisture content and then stored in the warehouse of the Fengning Pig Experiment Base at China Agricultural University for 0, 3 or 10 months...
February 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589858/hypermethylation-of-the-casr-and-vdr-genes-in-the-parathyroid-glands-in-chronic-kidney-disease-rats-with-high-phosphate-diet
#10
Taketo Uchiyama, Norifumi Tatsumi, Sahoko Kamejima, Tsuyoshi Waku, Ichiro Ohkido, Keitaro Yokoyama, Takashi Yokoo, Masataka Okabe
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) disrupts mineral homeostasis and its representative pathosis is defined as secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). SHPT occurs during the early course of progressive renal insufficiency, and is associated with mortality and cardiovascular events. SHPT results in reduction of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) and vitamin D receptor (VDR) in the parathyroid glands during CKD. However, the precise mechanism of CaSR and VDR reduction is largely unknown. CKD was induced through two-step 5/6 nephrectomy, and then CKD rats and sham-operated rats were maintained for 8 weeks on diets containing 0...
October 2016: Human Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554359/partial-dehulling-increases-the-energy-content-of-barley-fed-to-growing-pigs-and-can-be-comparable-to-corn
#11
Hongliang Wang, Meng Shi, Xiao Xu, Long Pan, Ling Liu, Xiangshu Piao
The hull attached to the barley kernel can be mechanically removed thus reducing the fiber content of the barley. This experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of partial dehulling on the nutrient digestibility as well as the DE and ME content of barley. Two barley samples (HF and LF) with either high or low fiber contents were obtained from the Hubei and Jiangsu Provinces of China. A portion of the two barleys was mechanically dehulled (DHF and DLF). Thirty barrows (initial BW=31.5±3.2 kg) were assigned to 1 of 5 diets in a randomized complete block design...
August 19, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505458/characterization-of-the-bread-made-with-durum-wheat-semolina-rendered-gluten-free-by-sourdough-biotechnology-in-comparison-with-commercial-gluten-free-products
#12
Carlo Giuseppe Rizzello, Marco Montemurro, Marco Gobbetti
Durum wheat semolina was fermented with sourdough lactic acid bacteria and fungal proteases aiming at a complete gluten hydrolysis. The gluten-free (GF) semolina, added with naturally GF ingredients and structuring agents, was used to produce bread (rendered GF bread; rGFB) at industrial level. An integrated approach including the characterization of the main chemical, nutritional, structural, and sensory features was used to compare rGFB to a gluten-containing bread and to 5 commercial naturally GF breads...
September 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468034/vitamin-b6-pyridoxine-hydrochloride-toxicosis-in-falcons
#13
Jaime Samour, Janine Perlman, Jörg Kinne, Vijay Baskar, Ulrich Wernery, Gerry Dorrestein
This manuscript reports three independent accidental cases of vitamin (Vit) B6 toxicosis in gyrfalcons (Falco rusticolus) and peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) and a toxicology study that was conducted to characterize the clinical responses of gyrfalcons and gyrfalcon × peregrine falcons to a range of single intramuscular (IM) and oral (PO) doses of Vit B6. Both lethal and nonlethal doses were determined. Twelve female gyrfalcons died following IM injection of 1 ml of a vitamin B preparation. Within 30 min of injection, the birds passed pistachio green-colored urates and progressed to vomiting, anorexia, cessation of normal activity, ptosis, collapse, and death, occurring 24-36 hr post injections...
June 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413203/nutritional-and-therapeutic-perspectives-of-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Rahman Ullah, M Nadeem, A Khalique, M Imran, S Mehmood, A Javid, J Hussain
The ancient grain is becoming enormously popular in modern food regimen in many countries; the higher proportion of α-linolenic acid makes chia the superb source of omega-3 fatty (about 65 % of the oil content). Omega-3 fatty acid has been associated with a large number of physiological functions in human body. Chia seed is a potential source of antioxidants with the presence of chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, myricetin, quercetin, and kaempferol which are believed to have cardiac, hepatic protective effects, anti-ageing and anti-carcinogenic characteristics...
April 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383572/hen-s-egg-as-a-source-of-valuable-biologically-active-substances
#15
Zygmunt Zdrojewicz, Marta Herman, Ewa Starostecka
The aim of this article is to show current knowledge concerning valuable substances biologically active present in hen eggs and underline important nutritive role of hen eggs. Hen egg is a good source of nutrients such as proteins, vitamins (A, B2, B6, B12, D, E, K), minerals and lipids. The significant part of lipids is a group of unsaturated phospholipids, which are components of cell membranes, act protectively on the cardiovascular system and contribute to a decrease of cholesterol level and blood pressure...
July 6, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285923/the-effect-of-monensin-concentration-on-dry-matter-intake-ruminal-fermentation-short-chain-fatty-acid-absorption-total-tract-digestibility-and-total-gastrointestinal-barrier-function-in-beef-heifers
#16
K M Wood, A C J Pinto, D D Millen, R Kanafany Guzman, G B Penner
In a 4 × 4 Latin square design (24-d periods), 4 ruminally cannulated Hereford × Angus/Simmental heifers were used to evaluate the effect of increasing levels of monensin concentration on DMI, ruminal fermentation, short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) absorption across the reticulorumen, and total tract barrier function. Heifers were fed a barley-based finishing diet (76% rolled barley grain, 12% barley silage, 8% mineral and vitamin supplement, and 4% canola meal) containing 0, 22, 33 or 48 mg/kg monensin. Urinary recovery of Cr-EDTA was used as an indicator of total tract barrier function (d 18 to 20)...
June 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086886/acquired-causes-of-intestinal-malabsorption
#17
REVIEW
F van der Heide
This review focuses on the acquired causes, diagnosis, and treatment of intestinal malabsorption. Intestinal absorption is a complex process that depends on many variables, including the digestion of nutrients within the intestinal lumen, the absorptive surface of the small intestine, the membrane transport systems, and the epithelial absorptive enzymes. Acquired causes of malabsorption are classified by focussing on the three phases of digestion and absorption: 1) luminal/digestive phase, 2) mucosal/absorptive phase, and 3) transport phase...
April 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065140/effect-of-maturity-at-harvest-for-whole-crop-barley-and-oat-on-dry-matter-intake-sorting-and-digestibility-when-fed-to-beef-cattle
#18
C L Rosser, A D Beattie, H C Block, J J McKinnon, H A Lardner, P Górka, G B Penner
The objectives were to evaluate the effect of harvest maturity of whole-crop oat (Study 1) and whole-crop barley (Study 2) on forage intake and sorting, ruminal fermentation, ruminal digestibility, and total tract digestibility when fed to beef heifers. In Study 1, 3 ruminally cannulated heifers (417 ± 5 kg) were used in a 3 × 3 Latin square design with 24-d periods. Whole-crop oat forage harvested at the late milk (LMILK), hard dough (HD), or ripe (RP) stages was fed for ad libitum intake and heifers were supplemented (1% of BW) with alfalfa pellets, barley grain, canola meal, and a mineral and vitamin pellet...
February 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065135/efficiency-of-lysine-utilization-by-growing-steers
#19
E D Batista, A H Hussein, E Detmann, M D Miesner, E C Titgemeyer
This study evaluated the efficiency of Lys utilization by growing steers. Five ruminally cannulated Holstein steers (165 ± 8 kg) housed in metabolism crates were used in a 6 × 6 Latin square design; data from a sixth steer was excluded due to erratic feed intake. All steers were limit fed (2.46 kg DM/d), twice daily, diets low in RUP (81% soybean hulls, 8% wheat straw, 6% cane molasses, and 5% vitamins and minerals). Treatments were 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 g/d of Lys continuously abomasally infused. To prevent AA other than Lys from limiting performance, a mixture providing all essential AA to excess was continuously abomasally infused...
February 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065131/regression-and-direct-methods-do-not-give-different-estimates-of-digestible-and-metabolizable-energy-values-of-barley-sorghum-and-wheat-for-pigs
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
O A Bolarinwa, O Adeola
Direct or indirect methods can be used to determine the DE and ME of feed ingredients for pigs. In situations when only the indirect approach is suitable, the regression method presents a robust indirect approach. Three experiments were conducted to compare the direct and regression methods for determining the DE and ME values of barley, sorghum, and wheat for pigs. In each experiment, 24 barrows with an average initial BW of 31, 32, and 33 kg were assigned to 4 diets in a randomized complete block design. The 4 diets consisted of 969 g barley, sorghum, or wheat/kg plus minerals and vitamins for the direct method; a corn-soybean meal reference diet (RD); the RD + 300 g barley, sorghum, or wheat/kg; and the RD + 600 g barley, sorghum, or wheat/kg...
February 2016: Journal of Animal Science
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