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Vitamins and minerals digestion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657411/the-effect-of-supplementation-of-multistrain-probiotic-preparation-in-combination-with-vitamins-and-minerals-to-the-basal-diet-on-the-growth-performance-carcass-traits-and-physiological-response-of-broilers
#1
Sugiharto Sugiharto, Isroli Isroli, Turrini Yudiarti, Endang Widiastuti
Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of supplementation of multistrain probiotic preparation in combination with vitamins and minerals to the broiler chicken diets on their growth performance, hematological parameters, and carcass traits. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and eighty-eight Lohmann 1-day-old broiler chicks were randomly allocated to four groups, i.e., control (without additional supplementation) and three experimental treatments where basal diet was enriched by 0...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562612/comprehensive-nutritional-and-dietary-intervention-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-12-month-trial
#2
James B Adams, Tapan Audhya, Elizabeth Geis, Eva Gehn, Valeria Fimbres, Elena L Pollard, Jessica Mitchell, Julie Ingram, Robert Hellmers, Dana Laake, Julie S Matthews, Kefeng Li, Jane C Naviaux, Robert K Naviaux, Rebecca L Adams, Devon M Coleman, David W Quig
This study involved a randomized, controlled, single-blind 12-month treatment study of a comprehensive nutritional and dietary intervention. Participants were 67 children and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) ages 3-58 years from Arizona and 50 non-sibling neurotypical controls of similar age and gender. Treatment began with a special vitamin/mineral supplement, and additional treatments were added sequentially, including essential fatty acids, Epsom salt baths, carnitine, digestive enzymes, and a healthy gluten-free, casein-free, soy-free (HGCSF) diet...
March 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510772/effect-of-exercise-on-apparent-total-tract-digestibility-of-nutrients-and-faecal-recovery-of-adl-and-tio2-in-ponies
#3
F J W C Schaafstra, D A van Doorn, J T Schonewille, E Roelfsema, C M Westermann, O Dansen, M Jacobs, J-Y Lee, E A Spronck, M C Blok, W H Hendriks
Exercise and physical training are known to affect gastrointestinal function and digestibility in horses and can lead to inaccurate estimates of nutrient and energy digestibility when markers are used. The effect of exercise on apparent nutrient digestibility and faecal recoveries of ADL and TiO2 was studied in six Welsh pony geldings subjected to either a low- (LI) or high-intensity (HI) exercise regime according to a cross-over design. Ponies performing LI exercise were walked once per day for 45 min in a horse walker (5 km/h) for 47 consecutive days...
March 7, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478544/interaction-of-divalent-minerals-with-liposoluble-nutrients-and-phytochemicals-during-digestion-and-influences-on-their-bioavailability-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Joana Corte-Real, Torsten Bohn
Several divalent minerals, including the macroelements calcium and magnesium, are essential nutrients for humans. However, their intake, especially via high-dose supplements, has been suspected to reduce the availability of lipophilic dietary constituents, including lipids, liposoluble vitamins, and several phytochemicals such as carotenoids. These constituents require emulsification in order to be bioavailable, and high divalent mineral concentrations may perturb this process, due to precipitations of free fatty acids or bile salt complexation, both pivotal for mixed micelle formation...
June 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290449/lactation-response-to-soybean-meal-and-rumen-protected-methionine-supplementation-of-corn-silage-based-diets
#5
H Nursoy, M Gonzalez Ronquillo, A P Faciola, G A Broderick
Corn silage, an important forage fed to dairy cows in the United States, is energy rich but protein poor. The objectives of this experiment were to investigate the effects on production of milk and milk components of feeding corn silage-based diets with 4 levels of dietary crude protein (CP) plus rumen-protected methionine (RPM). Thirty-six cows were blocked by days in milk into 9 squares and randomly assigned to 9 balanced 4 × 4 Latin squares with four 4-wk periods. All diets were formulated to contain, as a percent of dry matter (DM), 50% corn silage, 10% alfalfa silage, 4% soyhulls, 2...
March 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274976/replacing-ground-corn-with-incremental-amounts-of-liquid-molasses-does-not-change-milk-enterolactone-but-decreases-production-in-dairy-cows-fed-flaxseed-meal
#6
C P Ghedini, D C Moura, R A V Santana, A S Oliveira, A F Brito
We investigated the effects of replacing ground corn (GRC) with incremental amounts of liquid molasses (LM) on milk enterolactone concentration, antioxidant enzymes activity in plasma, production, milk fatty acid (FA) profile, and nutrient utilization in Jersey cows fed flaxseed meal and low-starch diets. Sixteen multiparous organically certified Jersey cows averaging (mean ± standard deviation) 101 ± 45 d in milk, 462 ± 38 kg of body weight, and 19.8 ± 3.90 kg/d of milk in the beginning of the study were randomly assigned to treatment sequences in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design, with 14 d for diet adaptation and 7 d for data and sample collection...
March 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174030/position-paper-on-vegetarian-diets-from-the-working-group-of-the-italian-society-of-human-nutrition
#7
REVIEW
C Agnoli, L Baroni, I Bertini, S Ciappellano, A Fabbri, M Papa, N Pellegrini, R Sbarbati, M L Scarino, V Siani, S Sieri
BACKGROUND: Interest in vegetarian diets is growing in Italy and elsewhere, as government agencies and health/nutrition organizations are emphasizing that regular consumption of plant foods may provide health benefits and help prevent certain diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a Pubmed search, up to September, 2015, for studies on key nutrients (proteins, vitamin B12, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin D, and n-3 fatty acids) in vegetarian diets. From 295 eligible publications the following emerged: Vegetarians should be encouraged to supplement their diets with a reliable source of vitamin B12 (vitamin-fortified foods or supplements)...
December 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153160/a-100-year-review-calf-nutrition-and-management
#8
A F Kertz, T M Hill, J D Quigley, A J Heinrichs, J G Linn, J K Drackley
The first calf paper, published in the May 1919 issue of the Journal of Dairy Science (JDS), described factors affecting birth body weight of different breeds of calves. Other studies were done on nonmilk ingredients, growth charts were developed, and early weaning was followed to conserve milk fed to calves. Calf papers did not report use of statistics to control or record variation or to determine whether treatment means were different. Many experiments were more observational than comparative. Typically fewer than 5 calves, and sometimes 1 or 2 calves, were used per treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129322/effects-of-replacing-soybean-meal-with-canola-meal-or-treated-canola-meal-on-ruminal-digestion-omasal-nutrient-flow-and-performance-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#9
E M Paula, G A Broderick, M A C Danes, N E Lobos, G I Zanton, A P Faciola
Extrusion treated canola meal (TCM) was produced in an attempt to increase the rumen-undegraded protein fraction of canola meal (CM). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of replacing soybean meal (SBM) with CM or TCM on ruminal digestion, omasal nutrient flow, and performance in lactating dairy cows. To assess performance, 30 multiparous Holstein cows averaging (mean ± SD) 119 ± 23 d in milk and 44 ± 7 kg of milk/d and 15 primiparous cows averaging 121 ± 19 d in milk and 34 ± 6 kg of milk/d were blocked in a randomized complete block design with a 2-wk covariate period and 12-wk experimental period (experiment 1)...
January 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108031/beef-steers-with-average-dry-matter-intake-and-divergent-average-daily-gain-have-altered-gene-expression-in-the-jejunum
#10
A P Foote, B N Keel, C M Zarek, A K Lindholm-Perry
The objective of this study was to determine the association of differentially expressed genes (DEG) in the jejunum of steers with average DMI and high or low ADG. Feed intake and growth were measured in a cohort of 144 commercial Angus steers consuming a finishing diet containing (on a DM basis) 67.8% dry-rolled corn, 20% wet distillers grains with solubles, 8% alfalfa hay, and 4.2% vitamin/mineral supplement. From the cohort, a subset of steers with DMI within ±0.32 SD of the mean for DMI and the greatest (high) and least (low) ADG were chosen for slaughter and jejunum mucosa collection ( = 8 for each group)...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098678/nutrition-support-therapy
#11
Li-Jun Xiao, Ran Tao
In most addictions, serious nutritional deficiencies of major proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals exist which prevent their capability to digest carbohydrates efficiently. This review aims to point out some treatment approaches in nutrition management for alcohol addiction, drug addiction, food addiction, Internet addiction and sex addiction, according to existing literatures.
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992017/digestible-metabolizable-and-net-energy-of-camelina-cake-fed-to-growing-pigs-and-additivity-of-energy-in-mixed-diets
#12
J W Kim, B Koo, C M Nyachoti
This experiment was conducted to determine the DE, ME, and NE contents of camelina cake (CC) and to test the hypothesis that dietary glucosinolates originating from CC will affect the additivity of energy in mixed diets containing different inclusion levels of corn, soybean meal (SBM), and CC. A total of 30 growing barrows ([Yorkshire × Landrace] × Duroc) with a mean BW of 16.8 kg (SD 1.4) were randomly allotted to 1 of 5 treatments with 6 replicates per treatment. Pigs were fed experimental diets for 16 d, including 10 d for adaptation and 6 d for total collection of feces and urine...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965518/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antioxidant-potential-of-milks-yoghurts-fermented-milks-and-cheeses-a-narrative-review-of-evidence
#13
Anthony Fardet, Edmond Rock
The antioxidant potential (AP) is an important nutritional property of foods, as increased oxidative stress is involved in most diet-related chronic diseases. In dairy products, the protein fraction contains antioxidant activity, especially casein. Other antioxidants include: antioxidant enzymes; lactoferrin; conjugated linoleic acid; coenzyme Q10; vitamins C, E, A and D3; equol; uric acid; carotenoids; and mineral activators of antioxidant enzymes. The AP of dairy products has been extensively studied in vitro, with few studies in animals and human subjects...
October 2, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854754/effects-of-multi-carbohydrase-and-phytase-on-standardized-ileal-digestibility-of-amino-acids-and-apparent-metabolizable-energy-in-canola-meal-fed-to-broiler-chicks
#14
C Gallardo, J C Dadalt, E Kiarie, M A Trindade Neto
Two assays were conducted to evaluate nutritive value of canola meal (CM) fed to broiler chicks without or with a multi-carbohydrase (MC) preparation (700 U α-galactosidase, 2,200 U galactomannanase, 30,000 U xylanase, and 22,000 U β-glucanase per kg of diet) and phytase (Phy, 500 FTU per kg of diet). Assay 1 determined apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of nutrients and metabolizable energy (AME) by the difference method. Assay 2 determined apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of amino acids by the index method...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822553/vitamin-d-status-in-growing-dairy-goats-and-sheep-influence-of-ultraviolet-b-radiation-on-bone-metabolism-and-calcium-homeostasis
#15
M V Nemeth, M R Wilkens, A Liesegang
The aim of this study was to investigate how controlled UVB irradiation in combination with reduced nutritional vitamin D (vitD) supply affects vitD status and Ca metabolism of growing goats and sheep. The hypothesis was that, like dairy cows, goats and sheep are able to compensate for the missing nutritional supply of vitD through endogenous production in the skin, with the consequence of a high vitD status and a balanced Ca homeostasis. Sixteen lambs and 14 goat kids aged 3 and a half months were housed in an UVB free environment and fed hay and a vitD-free concentrate over a period of 13 wk...
October 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742332/modulation-of-lipid-digestion-profiles-using-filled-egg-white-protein-microgels
#16
Luping Gu, Yujie Su, Zipei Zhang, Bingjing Zheng, Ruojie Zhang, David Julian McClements, Yanjun Yang
Colloidal delivery systems are required to encapsulate, protect, and release active food ingredients, such as vitamins, nutraceuticals, and minerals. In this study, lipid droplets were encapsulated within biopolymer microgels fabricated from egg white proteins using an injection-gelation process. Confocal fluorescence microscopy indicated that lipid droplets were dispersed within a network of cross-linked proteins within the microgels. The properties of the lipid-loaded microgels were compared to those of simple oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by egg white proteins...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737681/nutrient-and-total-polyphenol-contents-of-dark-green-leafy-vegetables-and-estimation-of-their-iron-bioaccessibility-using-the-in-vitro-digestion-caco-2-cell-model
#17
Francis Kweku Amagloh, Richard Atinpoore Atuna, Richard McBride, Edward Ewing Carey, Tatiana Christides
Dark green leafy vegetables (DGLVs) are considered as important sources of iron and vitamin A. However, iron concentration may not indicate bioaccessibility. The objectives of this study were to compare the nutrient content and iron bioaccessibility of five sweet potato cultivars, including three orange-fleshed types, with other commonly consumed DGLVs in Ghana: cocoyam, corchorus, baobab, kenaf and moringa, using the in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model. Moringa had the highest numbers of iron absorption enhancers on an "as-would-be-eaten" basis, β-carotene (14169 μg/100 g; p < 0...
July 22, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727476/options-for-addressing-exocrine-pancreatic-insufficiency-in-patients-receiving-enteral-nutrition-supplementation
#18
Steven D Freedman
Patients with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) have suboptimal secretion of pancreatic digestive enzymes and experience a range of clinical symptoms related to the malabsorption of fat. In patients with EPI unable to meet their nutritional requirements, enteral nutrition (EN) support is used to augment nutritional status. In addition to protein and carbohydrate, EN formulas contain fats as a calorie source, as well as vitamins and minerals to help prevent nutritional deficiencies related to malabsorption...
July 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727064/ileal-starch-digestibility-of-different-cereal-grains-fed-to-growing-pigs
#19
P Rosenfelder-Kuon, E J P Strang, H K Spindler, M Eklund, R Mosenthin
The objective of the present study was to determine, in growing pigs, the ileal starch digestibility and ileal digestible starch content of 8 different genotypes of barley, rye, triticale, and wheat each. Therefore, 4 experiments were conducted with 34 ileally cannulated growing pigs (initial BW of 24 to 32 kg) in total. The experimental diets were formulated to contain 1 of the 8 genotypes of each cereal grain at an inclusion level of 95%. Cereal grains were ground through a 2-mm sieve and were the sole dietary source of starch...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627057/vitamin-d-metabolism-in-growing-pigs-influence-of-uvb-irradiation-and-dietary-vitamin-d-supply-on-calcium-homeostasis-its-regulation-and-bone-metabolism
#20
E Kolp, M R Wilkens, W Pendl, B Eichenberger, A Liesegang
The aim of this study was to prove whether pigs are able to synthesize vitamin D (vitD) in the skin and to investigate the influence of ultraviolet irradiation (UVB) on vitD status and calcium (Ca) homeostasis of growing pigs. Thirty-two 11-week-old pigs were kept without access to sunlight and divided into four groups receiving the following treatment in a 2 × 2 factorial design: (i) UVB irradiation or not and (ii) vitD in feed or not. Blood, urine and faeces were sampled every third week. In serum, vitD metabolites, Ca, phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg) and bone markers were analysed...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
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