Read by QxMD icon Read

Vision Syndrome

Oliver Kolbe, Stephan Degle
SIGNIFICANCE: Computer-specific progressive addition lenses (PC-PALs) are shown to reduce computer vision syndrome (CVS) symptoms, increase visual comfort and tolerance, and improve body posture at the personal computer. They are highly preferred by computer workers. Increasing their use may aid prevention measures within the workplace health management. PURPOSE: This study investigates whether technical differences between general-purpose progressive addition lenses (GP-PALs) and PC-PALs are subjectively manifest in CVS...
October 18, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Alina T Midro, Beata Stasiewicz-Jarocka, Jan Borys, Kazimierz Kozłowski, Bożena Skotnicka, Eugeniusz Tarasów, Ewa Hubert, Jerzy Konstantynowicz, Barbara Panasiuk, Małgorzata Rydzanicz, Agnieszka Pollak, Piotr Stawiński, Rafał Skowroński, Rafał Płoski
We present a natural history of a 32-year-old man with Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HJCYS), because of the de novo truncating mutation in the exon 34 of NOTCH2 (c.6424-6427delTCTG, p.Ser2142ArgfsX4), who has been followed up for a period of 23 years (between 9 and 32 years). During follow-up, we observed abnormalities of vision, hearing, voice, and progression of craniofacial features in the form of skeletal dysplasia with affected skull, dentition, spine, limbs, fingers, and toes. Low bone mineral density and history of fragility fractures also suggested primary osteoporosis being a clinical manifestation...
October 17, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Bassam Haddad, Guillaume Lefèvre, Alexandra Rousseau, Thomas Robert, Samir Saheb, Cedric Rafat, Marie Bornes, Camille Petit-Hoang, Frédéric Richard, Edouard Lecarpentier, Vassilis Tsatsaris, Jean Guibourdenche, Anthony Corchia, Eric Rondeau, Tabassome Simon, Alexandre Hertig
OBJECTIVE: Severe preeclampsia may require the delivery of the placenta to avoid life-threatening complications for the mother. Before 26 weeks of gestation, this often results in perinatal death. A decrease in soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1), an anti-angiogenic factor central to the pathophysiology of the maternal syndrome, has been reported after LDL- apheresis. The present study tested whether LDL-apheresis could be used to allow women with early and severe preeclampsia to reach a gestational age where the baby had a viable chance of survival...
September 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Aditi Das, Ana Quartilho, Wen Xing, Catey Bunce, Gary Rubin, Kelly MacKenzie, Gillian Adams, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor, Maria Theodorou
PURPOSE: IINS is associated with mild/moderate visual impairment, strabismus and compensatory head postures (CHP), which can negatively impact quality of life. Standard visual acuity assessments tend to underestimate the effect of IINS on visual functioning. Published evidence on the effect of INS on quality of life is slowly emerging. Our study examines visual functioning of adults with IINS using the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionairre-25 (VFQ-25). METHODS: 38 participants were recruited to participate in the study...
October 16, 2018: Strabismus
Pierre-Nicolas Boyer, Michael Devlin, Mike Boggild
A 30-year-old man presented with new onset severe headache and homonymous hemianopia, with a subsequent seizure, on a background of a right parietal astrocytoma resected at age 5 with adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed post-surgical and radiotherapy changes only and a clinical diagnosis of Stroke-like Migraine Attacks after Radiation Therapy (SMART) syndrome was made. Vision subsequently recovered gradually over a 6-week period, however, during the recovery phase he reported well formed hallucinations in the affected hemi-field consisting of small mammals, particularly possums, which gradually became less distinct as vision recovered; a phenomenon which was felt likely to represent the Charles Bonnet syndrome...
October 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Navzer D Sachinvala, Angeline Stergiou, Duane E Haines
In this report, we discuss the case of an multiple sclerosis (MS) patient, age 62, who learned to attain and sustain euthymia despite his ailments. He has Ehlers Danlos Syndrome (EDS), asthma, MS, urticaria, and major depression (MD). Despite thriving limitations, the patient is an accomplished scientist, who struggled for > twelve years to emerge from being confined to bed and wheel chair with MS, to walking with crutches, scuba diving, writing manuscripts, and living a positive life. Through former educators, he reacquired problem-solving habits to study the literature on his illnesses; keep records; try new therapies; and use pharmaceutical, nutritional, physical, and psychological methods to attain euthymia...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Muhammad Junaid, Syed Sarmad Bukhari, Mamoon Ur Rashid
Optic nerve Schwannoma is a very rare tumour described in literature. The rarity of this tumour is due to the fact that the optic nerve is myelinated by oligodendrocytes. We present a case of an ancient optic nerve schwannoma in a 16 year old girl who presented to the clinic with right sided proptosis and bilateral loss of vision. She underwent complete excision of the tumour via a craniotomy and histopathology was confirmatory. The various theories explaining the origin of this tumour are discussed along with surgical nuances of removing this tumour...
June 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Eun Young Choi, Wungrak Choi, Christopher Seungkyu Lee
BACKGROUND: Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a very rare genetic disorder affecting the neural crest cells. Coexistence of branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) and branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) in the same eye is also a rare finding. Here we report a case of WS type 1 that was confirmed by a novel mutation with the finding of unilateral BRVO and BRAO. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old, white-haired Korean man presented with a complaint of loss of vision in the inferior visual field of his right eye and hearing loss...
October 11, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Awrajaw Dessie, Fentahun Adane, Ansha Nega, Sintayehu Daba Wami, Daniel Haile Chercos
Background: Globally, computer is one of the common office tools used in various institutions. Using computer for prolonged time led to the users at greater health risk of computer vision syndrome (CVS). Computer vision syndrome is the leading occupational health problem of the twenty-first century. About 70 percent of computer users are suffered from CVS. Besides the health problems, CVS causes inefficiency at workplace and deteriorate quality of work. The problem of CVS and its risk factors are not well known in Ethiopia...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Xiangling Li, Zhengqi Lu, Yanqiang Wang
BACKGROUND: Besides CSF-flow obstruction, syringomyelia is associated with inflammatory spinal cord lesions. However, syringomyelia-like syndrome concomitant with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) is extremely rare. Here, we would like to report a case of a patient with syringomyelia-like syndrome in NMOSD complicated with Sjogren's Syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-old male Han Chinese, presented with three episodes of acute demyelinating processes in the central nervous system within 5 years...
October 9, 2018: BMC Neurology
Ram N Narayan, Cynthia Wang, Peter Sguigna, Khalil Husari, Benjamin Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: To describe 2 atypical cases with Anti-MOG antibody related demyelinating syndrome. METHODOLOGY: Case series. RESULTS: We present two cases. Case 1 is an 18-year-old woman who presented with headache, blurred vision, and papilledema and was initially diagnosed with pseudotumor cerebri syndrome. CSF showed mildly elevated opening pressure and lymphocytic pleocytosis and a diagnosis of aseptic meningitis was considered. MRI brain and spinal cord revealed longitudinally extensive bilateral simultaneous optic neuritis and multiple spinal cord lesions...
October 3, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Ida Åberg, Gustav Mattsson, Peter Magnusson
Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a condition where the patient experiences tachycardia (a rise in heart rate of at least 30 beats per minute, 40 in people between the ages of 12 and 19) upon assuming the upright position, in the absence of orthostatic hypotension (a fall in systolic blood pressure of more than 20 mmHg). The majority of patients are young women. Symptoms are experienced frequently during standing, and include dizziness, fatigue, palpitations, tremulousness, blurred vision and sometimes syncope - although presyncope is more common...
October 9, 2018: Läkartidningen
Christian Blume, Izabela Tuleta, Kay Nolte, Klaus W Eichhorn, Mark Jakob, Hans Clusmann, Thorsten Send
OBJECTIVE: Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disease of unknown cause which affects the lung or bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy in over 90% of the cases. Neurosarcoidosis (NS) is rare and accounts for approximately 5 - 15% of the cases. Involvement of all parts of the central and peripheral nervous system is possible with various clinical symptoms, e. g. seizures, hydrocephalus, optic/facial nerve palsy or hearing loss. METHODS: We screened the neuropathological data bases and the medical records of two neurosurgical university hospitals for cases of NS...
October 8, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Kevin Yongblah, Spencer C Alford, Bridget C Ryan, Robert L Chow, Perry L Howard
Aniridia is a rare congenital syndrome that is associated with reduced visual acuity and progressive loss of vision. Aniridia patients may also develop systemic health issues associated with defects in the pancreas, digestive, and central nervous systems. The spectrum of symptoms associated with aniridia is due to haploinsufficiency of the paired box 6 gene (PAX6) and its role in the development and maintenance of the affected tissues. Here, we isolated pancreatic islets from mice heterozygous for Pax6 to test whether a Pax6-specific miRNA suppression (target protector) strategy can restore PAX6 protein levels...
September 1, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Lonnie G Petersen, Justin S Lawley, Alexander Lilja-Cyron, Johan Cg Petersen, Erin J Howden, Satyam Sarma, William K Cornwell, Rong Zhang, Louis A Whitworth, Michael A Williams, Marianne Juhler, Benjamin D Levine
KEY POINTS: During long-term missions, some astronauts experience structural and functional changes of the eyes and brain which resemble signs/symptoms experienced by patients with intracranial hypertension. Weightlessness prevents the normal cerebral volume and pressure "unloading" associated with upright postures on Earth, which may be part of the cerebral and ocular pathophysiology. By placing the lower body in a negative pressure device (LBNP) that pulls fluid away from cranial compartments, we simulated effects of gravity and significantly lowered pressure within the brain parenchyma and ventricle compartments...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Taimur Hassan, M Usman Akram, Mahmood Akhtar, Shoab Ahmad Khan, Ubaidullah Yasin
Maculopathy is the group of diseases that affects central vision of a person and they are often associated with diabetes. Many researchers reported automated diagnosis of maculopathy from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. However, to the best of our knowledge there is no literature that presents a complete 3D suite for the extraction as well as diagnosis of macula. Therefore, this paper presents a multilayered convolutional neural networks (CNN) structure tensor Delaunay triangulation and morphing based fully autonomous system that extracts up to nine retinal and choroidal layers along with the macular fluids...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Justin Yeak, Mimiwati Zahari, Sujaya Singh, Nor Fadhilah Mohamad
BACKGROUND: Acute ophthalmoparesis without ataxia was designated as 'atypical Miller Fisher syndrome' as it presents with progressive, relatively symmetrical ophthalmoplegia, but without ataxia nor limb weakness, in the presence of anti-GQ1b antibody. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is characterized by signs of raised intracranial pressure occurring in the absence of cerebral pathology, with normal composition of cerebrospinal fluid and a raised opening pressure of more than 20 cmH2 O during lumbar puncture...
October 3, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Mary Ugalahi, Bolutife Olusanya, Oluyemi Fasina, Mukaila Seidu, Ademola Adekanmi
Delleman syndrome is a rare congenital disorder. We report an 8-month old female with a history of a fleshy mass covering the left eye since birth. Examination revealed poor vision in the left eye, an upper lid coloboma and an epibulbar dermoid with a large area of alopecia and scalp hypoplasia involving the left frontoparietal region. Transfontanelle ultrasound scan did not reveal any intracranial cyst. Cranial computerised tomography subsequently revealed characteristic cerebral malformations of Delleman syndrome...
July 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
Gunhild F Sandvik, Thy Thy Vanem, Svend Rand-Hendriksen, Symira Cholidis, Marit Saethre, Liv Drolsum
IMPORTANCE: Long term follow-up of Marfan syndrome (MFS) patients BACKGROUND: Investigate changes in ocular features in Marfan syndrome patients fulfilling the Ghent-2 criteria following a period of 10 years. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional study with two observations. PARTICIPANTS: 84 MFS patients were investigated in 2003-2004 (baseline). Forty-four of these patients (52%) were examined after 10 years METHODS: A comprehensive ocular examination performed at baseline and follow-up...
September 27, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
Francesco Pellegrini, Margaret Wang, Napoleone Romeo, Andrew G Lee
A 6-year-old girl with acute pharyngitis presented with complaints of hypernasal speech and double vision. Examination revealed a bilateral abduction deficit associated with soft palate palsy causing rhinolalia aperta. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis showed albuminocytologic dissociation. Her sister also suffered from the same disorder, albeit milder, 1 month before. After treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin and steroids, the patient made a full recovery. After the case report, a brief discussion of Miller Fisher syndrome, Guillan-Barré syndrome, and their variants is made...
October 2018: Neuro-ophthalmology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"