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Insomnia AND Epidemiology

Sooyeon Suh, Nayoung Cho, Jihui Zhang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Insomnia is approximately 1.5 times more common in women than in men. To date, research has advanced our knowledge about why women report significantly more sleep problems than men despite not being reflected in objective sleep measures. Precisely understanding the symptomatology and pathological mechanisms underlying sex differences is important for prevention and providing appropriate interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Sex differences found in insomnia goes beyond simple explanations and have been proven to be a complicated interplay of biological, psychological, and social factors that play different roles throughout the life span...
August 9, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
Huang-Hsi Chen, Wuu-Tsun Perng, Jeng-Yuan Chiou, Yu-Hsun Wang, Jing-Yang Huang, James Cheng-Chung Wei
OBJECTIVE: Autoimmunity may play a role in early-stage dementia. The association between Sjogren's syndrome (SS) and dementia remains unknown. This study was conducted to provide epidemiologic evidence for this relationship. METHODS: This 12-year, nationwide, population-based, retrospective cohort study analyzed the risk of dementia in the SS cohort. We also investigated the incidence of dementia among patients with SS by using data from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000, maintained by the Taiwan National Health Research Institutes...
June 21, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Steven Meyers, Kelly Claire Simon, Stuart Bergman-Bock, Franco Campanella, Revital Marcus, Angela Mark, Thomas Freedom, Susan Rubin, Irene Semenov, Rebekah Lai, Laura Hillman, Samuel Tideman, Anna Pham, Roberta Frigerio, Demetrius M Maraganore
OBJECTIVE: To use the electronic medical record (EMR) to optimize patient care, facilitate documentation, and support quality improvement and practice-based research, in a headache specialty clinic. BACKGROUND: Many physicians enter data into the EMR as unstructured free text and not as discrete data. This makes it challenging to use data for quality improvement or research initiatives. METHODS: We describe the process of building a customized structured clinical documentation support toolkit, specific for patients seen in a headache specialty clinic...
August 1, 2018: Headache
Wulf Rössler, Jules Angst, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Helene Haker, Sofian Berrouiguet, Mariam Ujeyl, Nicholas Glozier, Michael P Hengartner
Study objectives: Associations between sleep problems and suicidality are increasingly acknowledged, but prospective data from well-controlled long-term community studies are lacking. Methods: We analyzed data from a longitudinal cohort study with n = 591 young adults from Zurich, Switzerland, prospectively followed from 1979 (age 20/21 years) to 2008 (age 49/50 years). Twelve-month prevalence of various mental disorders, socio-environmental confounders and sleep problems were carefully assessed with semi-structured interviews at 7 assessment waves spanning overall a 30-year observation period...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
M V Bochkarev, L S Korostovtseva, I A Filchenko, O P Rotar, Yu V Sviryaev, Yu V Zhernakova, S A Shalnova, A O Konradi, S A Boitsov, I E Chazova, E V Shlyakhto
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of insomnia symptoms and their association with socio-demographic characteristics in the regions participated in the study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from participants of the cohort study Epidemiology of cardiovascular disease in various regions of the Russian Federation (ESSE-RF), aged 25-64 years, from 13 regions of the Russian Federation were analyzed. They were interviewed about sleep complaints: difficulties falling asleep, maintaining sleep, sleepiness and sleeping pill intake (response variants: never, less than once a week, 1-2 times a week, three and more times a week)...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Bing Yang, Yongwei Wang, Fangfang Cui, Ting Huang, Peijia Sheng, Ting Shi, Chan Huang, Yajia Lan, Yi-Na Huang
PURPOSE: Insomnia has become one of the foremost health concerns among workers. Despite a significant number of epidemiological studies have reported on the correlation between insomnia and job stress, comprehensive evidence remains insufficient. Therefore, this research seeks to provide evidence with greater reliability, through summarizing relevant contemporary literature via a meta-analysis. METHODS: Literature from across Europe and Asia that was of both a prospective and cross-sectional design was included, if well-controlled odds ratios were available...
June 29, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Dhananjay Yadav, Kyung-Hyun Cho
Increasing incidences of type 2 diabetes makes it necessary to have a better understanding of the risk factors for its prediction. Taking a note of resilience in risk factors, dynamics of the emerging factors other than traditional ones are showing a great interest in recent years which imprints a significant contribution in the occurrence of diabetes. Of different factors, sleep duration was acknowledged as a most common risk factor for dyslipidemia, obesity, hypertension, metabolic syndrome and diabetes. Adhering to the state of information available, the review highlights the underlying mechanisms toward establishing the relationship between sleep duration and diabetes; compiled mainly through laboratory and epidemiological studies...
June 28, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
Elena Dragioti, Tobias Wiklund, Peter Alföldi, Björn Gerdle
Objective Insomnia is the most commonly diagnosed comorbidity disorder among patients with chronic pain. This circumstance requests brief and valid instruments for screening insomnia in epidemiological studies. The main object of this study was to assess the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Swedish version of the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). The ISI is a short instrument designed to measure clinical insomnia and one of the most common used scales both in clinical and research practice. However there is no study in Sweden that guarantees neither its factor structure nor its feasibility in chronic pain patients...
October 1, 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
J Kuipers, G Moffa, E Kuipers, D Freeman, P Bebbington
BACKGROUND: Non-psychotic affective symptoms are important components of psychotic syndromes. They are frequent and are now thought to influence the emergence of paranoia and hallucinations. Evidence supporting this model of psychosis comes from recent cross-fertilising epidemiological and intervention studies. Epidemiological studies identify plausible targets for intervention but must be interpreted cautiously. Nevertheless, causal inference can be strengthened substantially using modern statistical methods...
May 29, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Brienne Miner, Thomas M Gill, H Klar Yaggi, Nancy S Redeker, Peter H Van Ness, Ling Han, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiology of insomnia, including demographic and clinical correlates, in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Yale Precipitating Events Project participants (N=379; mean age 84.3; 67.8% female; 11.9% African American). MEASUREMENTS: Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), with scores of 8 and higher indicating insomnia, which was further stratified according to ISI score as mild (8-14), moderate (15-21), or severe (22-28)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
H Lazaratou, Th Paparrigopoulos, Chr Anomitri, N Alexandropoulou, G Galanos, Ch Papageorgiou
Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, are traumatic events causing both acute and enduring stress to affected individuals. Psychosocial consequences include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reactions of anxiety and depression and sleep problems. The island of Cephalonia in Ionian Sea is characterized by its high seismic activity. More specifically, this activity has been considered to be the highest of the Balkan Peninsula and Europe in general. In January and February of 2014 a long sequence of earthquakes, which included two main shocks of 6...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Emilie Pepin, Pascal Gillet, Fabien Sauvet, Danielle Gomez-Merino, Isabelle Thaon, Mounir Chennaoui, Damien Leger
OBJECTIVE: Most research on night and shift work focuses on employee health in large companies, primarily in the healthcare and transportation sectors. However, many night workers work on their own or in small businesses related to services or food. This survey focuses on sleep habits and disorders concerning night work in pastry production and sales. METHODS: An epidemiological telephone cross-sectional survey of night shift workers and their sleep habits was proposed to all employers and employees in the French pastry industry via their insurance health prevention company...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
Alexandra Champagne, Hans Ivers, Josée Savard
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients commonly report experiencing fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), which may lead to several negative consequences. This study aimed at examining whether clinical levels of FCR are linked to a greater use of health care services. METHOD: This is a secondary analysis of a longitudinal study of 962 cancer patients on the epidemiology of cancer-related insomnia. They completed the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory-Short form (FCRI-SF) and reported information on their consultations (medical, psychosocial, and complementary and alternative medicine [CAM]) and medication usage (anxiolytics/hypnotics and antidepressants) at 6 time points over an 18-month period...
May 2, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Zaira F M Nicolau, Andréia G Bezerra, Daniel N Polesel, Monica L Andersen, Lia Bittencourt, Sergio Tufik, Helena Hachul
The aim of this study is to compare sleep characteristics between women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and a control group. The data were extracted from an epidemiologic survey conducted in Sao Paulo (EPISONO), Brazil, which used subjective assessments and objective polysomnography records to analyze subjects' sleep pattern. Subjective questionnaires used in this study were Women's Questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Epworth sleepiness scale, Insomnia Severity Index and the general sleep questionnaire...
June 2018: Psychiatry Research
Y Irina Li, Lisa R Starr, Laura Wray-Lake
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are commonly comorbid with each other, with anxiety often temporally preceding the development of depression. Although increasingly research has begun to investigate the role of sleep problems in depression, no study has examined insomnia as a mediator in the longitudinal relationship between anxiety and subsequent depression. METHODS: The current study utilizes data from Waves I, II, and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative prospective study conducted over a 14-year period (n = 20,745, 50...
June 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Aleksandar Videnovic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. Sleep dysfunction is one of the most common non-motor manifestations of PD that has gained significant interest over the past two decades due to its impact on the daily lives of PD patients, poorly understood mechanisms, and limited treatment options. In this review, we discuss the most common sleep disorders in PD and present recent investigations that have broadened our understanding of the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of disturbed sleep and alertness in PD...
April 19, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Christopher S Martin, Alvaro Vergés, James W Langenbucher, Andrew Littlefield, Tammy Chung, Duncan B Clark, Kenneth J Sher
BACKGROUND: Alcohol withdrawal (AW) is an important clinical and diagnostic feature of alcohol dependence. AW has been found to predict a worsened course of illness in clinical samples, but in some community studies, AW endorsement rates are strikingly high, suggesting false-positive symptom assignments. Little research has examined the validity of the DSM-5 algorithm for AW, which requires either the presence of at least 2 of 8 subcriteria (i.e., autonomic hyperactivity, tremulousness, insomnia, nausea, hallucinations, psychomotor agitation, anxiety, and grand mal seizures), or, the use of alcohol to avoid or relieve these symptoms...
June 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Jason R Carter, Daniela Grimaldi, Ida T Fonkoue, Lisa Medalie, Babak Mokhlesi, Eve Van Cauter
Study Objectives: Chronic insomnia affects up to 15 per cent of adults. Recent cross-sectional and prospective epidemiological studies report an association between insomnia and hypertension, including incident hypertension, yet mechanisms underlying the association remain unknown. We hypothesized that participants with chronic insomnia would have elevated sympathetic neural outflow, blunted baroreflex sensitivity, and augmented sympathetic neural and cardiovascular reactivity to stress when compared with good-sleeper controls...
June 1, 2018: Sleep
Catherine L Tegeler, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A Shaltout, Jared F Cook, Sean L Simpson, Sung W Lee, Charles H Tegeler
BACKGROUND: Military-related post-traumatic stress (PTS) is associated with numerous symptom clusters and diminished autonomic cardiovascular regulation. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is a noninvasive, closed-loop, allostatic, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology that produces real-time translation of dominant brain frequencies into audible tones of variable pitch and timing to support the auto-calibration of neural oscillations. We report clinical, autonomic, and functional effects after the use of HIRREM® for symptoms of military-related PTS...
December 22, 2017: Military Medical Research
Tom C Zwart, Marcel G Smits, Toine C G Egberts, Carin M A Rademaker, Ingeborg M van Geijlswijk
The extent of continuance of melatonin therapy initiated in pre-pubertal children with chronic sleep onset insomnia (CSOI) was investigated in young adult life. Sleep timing, sleep quality, adverse events, reasons for cessation of therapy, and patient characteristics with regard to therapy regimen, chronotype and lifestyle factors possibly influencing sleeping behavior were assessed. With an online survey using questionnaires (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Insomnia Severity Index, Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire, and Munich Chronotype Questionnaire), outcomes were measured and compared with age-related controls...
March 2, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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