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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094701/communication-with-children-and-families-about-disaster-reviewing-multi-disciplinary-literature-2015-2017
#1
REVIEW
Ben Wisner, Douglas Paton, Eva Alisic, Oliver Eastwood, Cheney Shreve, Maureen Fordham
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To identify strategies for communicating with youth and children pre- and post-disaster in the context of a broader survey of child participation in disaster risk reduction as well as methods for communication with children. RECENT FINDINGS: Youth and children are capable of peer and community education and activism concerning disaster issues and such participation benefits the young actors. Family and sibling support are important in easing the impact of trauma on children...
August 9, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30012549/using-ehealth-to-reach-black-and-hispanic-men-who-have-sex-with-men-regarding-treatment-as-prevention-and-preexposure-prophylaxis-protocol-for-a-small-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Jacob J van den Berg, Taylor Silverman, M Isabel Fernandez, Kirk D Henny, Zaneta J Gaul, Madeline Y Sutton, Don Operario
BACKGROUND: Black and Hispanic men who have sex with men in the United States continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. Uptake of and knowledge about biobehavioral HIV prevention approaches, such as treatment as prevention and preexposure prophylaxis, are especially low in these populations. eHealth campaigns and social media messaging about treatment as prevention and preexposure prophylaxis may help to fill this gap in knowledge and lead to increased uptake of such strategies; however, no evidence exists of the effects of these targeted forms of communication on treatment as prevention and preexposure prophylaxis uptake in these populations...
July 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001997/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-engagement-with-remote-measurement-technology-for-managing-health-systematic-review-and-content-analysis-of-findings
#3
REVIEW
Sara Simblett, Ben Greer, Faith Matcham, Hannah Curtis, Ashley Polhemus, José Ferrão, Peter Gamble, Til Wykes
BACKGROUND: Remote measurement technology refers to the use of mobile health technology to track and measure change in health status in real time as part of a person's everyday life. With accurate measurement, remote measurement technology offers the opportunity to augment health care by providing personalized, precise, and preemptive interventions that support insight into patterns of health-related behavior and self-management. However, for successful implementation, users need to be engaged in its use...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977996/endoscopic-management-of-difficult-benign-biliary-and-pancreatic-strictures-using-a-wire-guided-cystotome-experience-with-25-cases
#4
Rajesh Puri, Sumit Bhatia, Rinkesh K Bansal, Randhir Sud
Background and study aims : Endoscopic management using standard accessories is the preferred modality for treatment of benign biliary strictures. However, with difficult strictures, there is frequently failure of endoscopic therapy. We are reporting our experience regarding use of a standard diathermic dilator (cystotome) to aid in stricture dilatation and stent placement in patients with difficult strictures. Patients and methods : Data were analyzed from January 2014 to January 2017 at a single tertiary care center in North India...
July 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953429/update-of-recommendations-for-use-of-once-weekly-isoniazid-rifapentine-regimen-to-treat-latent-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection
#5
Andrey S Borisov, Sapna Bamrah Morris, Gibril J Njie, Carla A Winston, Deron Burton, Stefan Goldberg, Rachel Yelk Woodruff, Leeanna Allen, Philip LoBue, Andrew Vernon
Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is critical to the control and elimination of tuberculosis disease (TB) in the United States. In 2011, CDC recommended a short-course combination regimen of once-weekly isoniazid and rifapentine for 12 weeks (3HP) by directly observed therapy (DOT) for treatment of LTBI, with limitations for use in children aged <12 years and persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (1). CDC identified the use of 3HP in those populations, as well as self-administration of the 3HP regimen, as areas to address in updated recommendations...
June 29, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926946/a-new-classification-scheme-for-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions-introduction-and-key-changes-from-the-1999-classification
#6
Jack G Caton, Gary Armitage, Tord Berglundh, Iain L C Chapple, Søren Jepsen, Kenneth S Kornman, Brian L Mealey, Panos N Papapanou, Mariano Sanz, Maurizio S Tonetti
A classification scheme for periodontal and peri-implant diseases and conditions is necessary for clinicians to properly diagnose and treat patients as well as for scientists to investigate etiology, pathogenesis, natural history, and treatment of the diseases and conditions. This paper summarizes the proceedings of the World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-implant Diseases and Conditions. The workshop was co-sponsored by the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) and the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) and included expert participants from all over the world...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926489/a-new-classification-scheme-for-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions-introduction-and-key-changes-from-the-1999-classification
#7
Jack G Caton, Gary Armitage, Tord Berglundh, Iain L C Chapple, Søren Jepsen, Kenneth S Kornman, Brian L Mealey, Panos N Papapanou, Mariano Sanz, Maurizio S Tonetti
A classification scheme for periodontal and peri-implant diseases and conditions is necessary for clinicians to properly diagnose and treat patients as well as for scientists to investigate etiology, pathogenesis, natural history, and treatment of the diseases and conditions. This paper summarizes the proceedings of the World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-implant Diseases and Conditions. The workshop was co-sponsored by the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) and the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) and included expert participants from all over the world...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915631/non-operative-management-of-type-2-ercp-related-retroperitoneal-duodenal-perforations-a-9-year-experience-from-a-single-center
#8
Vasileios Theopistos, Georgios Theocharis, Christos Konstantakis, Panagiotis Kitrou, Ioannis Kehagias, Christos Triantos, Konstantinos Thomopoulos
Background: No consensus exists on treatment of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) -related, retroperitoneal duodenal perforations. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of post-ERCP retroperitoneal periampullary (type 2) duodenal perforations and the clinical outcome of non-surgical management. Methods: Patients who underwent ERCP in our institution during the period from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2017 were included. Any cases of retroperitoneal periampullary duodenal (type 2) perforation were identified...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912837/earphone-and-aided-word-recognition-differences-in-cochlear-implant-candidates
#9
Theodore R McRackan, Joshua E Fabie, Jane A Burton, Suqrat Munawar, Meredith A Holcomb, Judy R Dubno
OBJECTIVE: Compare word recognition scores for adults undergoing cochlear implant evaluations (CIE) measured using earphones and hearing aids. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of data obtained during adult CIEs. SETTING: Tertiary cochlear implant center. PATIENTS: Two hundred eight ears in 183 subjects with greater than 10% word recognition scores measured with earphones. INTERVENTIONS/MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURED: Preoperative pure-tone thresholds and word recognition scores measured with earphones and hearing aids...
August 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873601/unique-challenges-to-the-approach-and-management-of-pediatric-headscarf-pin-aspiration
#10
Shadi Hamouri, Faisal Swesi, Nathan Michael Novotny
BACKGROUND: Headscarf use is becoming more common throughout the world. Many articles describe the problem of aspirated headscarf pins but few if any give technical details for retrieval or innovative methods of removal if traditional bronchoscopy fails particularly in the pediatric population. Herein, we describe our method of deep sedation with laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and flexible bronchoscopy (FB) and retrieval with a stepwise algorithm if traditional FB fails. METHODS: A retrospective review of pediatric patients with aspirated headscarf pins was performed...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846981/primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-skin-cancer-in-mountain-guides-attitude-and-motivation-for-or-against-participation
#11
A Zink, F Thomé, M Schielein, C D Spinner, T Biedermann, L Tizek
BACKGROUND: Outdoor professionals such as mountain guides are at a substantial risk of developing non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) due to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure. Despite major recent primary prevention efforts, studies on secondary skin cancer prevention efforts are limited and corresponding data on outdoor workers scarce. OBJECTIVE: To assess the sun protective behaviour and individual motivations for or against skin cancer screening examinations in the German mountain guide population to aid in the development of effective awareness and prevention strategies...
May 30, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804116/when-helping-babies-breathe-is-not-enough-designing-a-novel-mid-level-neonatal-resuscitation-algorithm-for-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-field-teams-working-in-low-resource-hospital-settings
#12
Lisa Umphrey, Morten Breindahl, Alexandra Brown, Ola Didrik Saugstad, Marta Thio, Daniele Trevisanuto, Charles Christoph Roehr, Mats Blennow
BACKGROUND: Neonatal resuscitation (NR) combines a set of life-saving interventions in order to stabilize compromised newborns at birth or when critically ill. Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF), as an international medical-humanitarian organization working particularly in low-resource settings (LRS), assisted over 250,000 births in obstetric and newborn care aid projects in 2016 and provides thousands of newborn resuscitations annually. The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) program has been used as formal guidance for basic resuscitation since 2012...
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780209/near-infrared-fluorescence-image-guidance-in-plastic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Anouk J M Cornelissen, Tom J M van Mulken, Caitlin Graupner, Shan S Qiu, Xavier H A Keuter, René R W J van der Hulst, Rutger M Schols
Background: Near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging technique, after administration of contrast agents with fluorescent characteristics in the near-infrared (700-900 nm) range, is considered to possess great potential for the future of plastic surgery, given its capacity for perioperative, real-time anatomical guidance and identification. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive literature review concerning current and potential future applications of NIRF imaging in plastic surgery, thereby guiding future research...
2018: European Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759957/a-mobile-health-intervention-to-reduce-pain-and-improve-health-morph-in-older-adults-with-obesity-protocol-for-the-morph-trial
#14
Jason Fanning, Amber K Brooks, Edward Ip, Barbara J Nicklas, W Jack Rejeski
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a complex, age-related health issue that affects both physical functioning and quality of life. Because the impact of chronic pain is worsened by obesity and inactivity, nonpharmacological interventions that promote movement, reduce sitting, and aid in weight loss are needed to help manage pain symptoms among older adults with chronic pain. OBJECTIVE: The Mobile Intervention to Reduce Pain and Improve Health (MORPH) pilot trial aims to develop and test the feasibility and acceptability of a novel, patient-centered intervention to reduce chronic pain and improve physical functioning in older adults, leveraging the combination of telecoaching and individually adaptive mHealth tools to decrease both body mass and sedentary behavior...
May 14, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759422/executive-summary-of-the-gesida-national-aids-plan-consensus-document-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-adults-infected-by-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus-updated-january-2018
#15
(no author information available yet)
This update to the document on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in adults, which has been prepared jointly by GeSIDA and the Spanish National AIDS Plan for the last two decades, supersedes the document published in 2017.1 The update provides physicians treating HIV-1-infected adults with evidence-based recommendations to guide their therapeutic decisions. The main difference with respect to the previous document concerns recommended initial ART regimens, only three of which are maintained as preferential. All three include dolutegravir or raltegravir, together with emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide or abacavir/lamivudine...
May 11, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689054/community-health-worker-interventions-to-promote-psychosocial-outcomes-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Hae-Ra Han, Kyounghae Kim, Jeanne Murphy, Joycelyn Cudjoe, Patty Wilson, Phyllis Sharps, Jason E Farley
BACKGROUND: Community health worker (CHW) interventions are a successful strategy to promote health among HIV-negative and persons living with HIV (PLWH). Psychosocial factors are critical dimensions of HIV/AIDS care contributing to prognosis of the disease, yet it is unclear how CHW interventions improve psychosocial outcomes in PLWH. The purpose of this study was to critically appraise the types, scope, and nature of CHW interventions designed to address psychosocial outcomes in PLWH...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680849/virtual-planning-and-3d-printing-modeling-for-mandibular-reconstruction-with-fibula-free-flap
#17
W Ren, L Gao, S Li, C Chen, F Li, Q Wang, Y Zhi, J Song, Z Dou, L Xue, K Zhi
BACKGROUND: This study was to evaluate the use of virtual planning and 3D printing modeling in mandibular reconstruction and compare the operation time and surgical outcome of this technique with conventional method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2014 and 2017, 15 patients underwent vascularized fibula flap mandibular reconstruction using virtual planning and 3D printing modeling. Titanium plates were pre-bent using the models and cutting guides were used for osteotomies...
May 1, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652252/on-the-application-of-the-expected-log-likelihood-gain-to-decision-making-in-molecular-replacement
#18
Robert D Oeffner, Pavel V Afonine, Claudia Millán, Massimo Sammito, Isabel Usón, Randy J Read, Airlie J McCoy
Molecular-replacement phasing of macromolecular crystal structures is often fast, but if a molecular-replacement solution is not immediately obtained the crystallographer must judge whether to pursue molecular replacement or to attempt experimental phasing as the quickest path to structure solution. The introduction of the expected log-likelihood gain [eLLG; McCoy et al. (2017), Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, 114, 3637-3641] has given the crystallographer a powerful new tool to aid in making this decision. The eLLG is the log-likelihood gain on intensity [LLGI; Read & McCoy (2016), Acta Cryst...
April 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642961/preoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-diagnostic-features-of-uterine-leiomyosarcomas-a-systematic-review
#19
Helen Kaganov, Alex Ades, David Stuart Fraser
OBJECTIVES: There are no current established pathognomonic diagnostic features for uterine leiomyosarcomas in the pre- or perioperative setting. Recent inadvertent upstaging of this rare malignancy during laparoscopic morcellation of a presumed fibroid has prompted widespread debate among clinicians regarding the safety of current surgical techniques for management of fibroids. This study aims to conduct a systematic review investigating significant diagnostic features in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of uterine leiomyosarcomas...
January 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621379/fluorescein-angiographic-characteristics-of-macular-edema-during-infancy
#20
Xi Chen, Shwetha Mangalesh, Du Tran-Viet, Sharon F Freedman, Lejla Vajzovic, Cynthia A Toth
Importance: Macular edema during infancy, a subclinical feature identified in premature infants by handheld spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), has been associated with poorer visual acuity and neurodevelopmental outcomes. Features of macular edema on fluorescein angiography (FA) are needed to understand its pathophysiology, but to date have not been reported previously. Objective: To investigate the FA features of macular edema during infancy...
May 1, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
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