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Aging And Review

Pascal Granger, Hermann W Siaka, Shubhangi B Umbarkar
This paper reports a short review on the impact of poisoning effects and thermal aging on the reactivity of surface vanadate species on benchmark V2 O5 -WO3 /TiO2 Selective-Catalytic-Reduction catalysts. A renewed interest of this SCR technology is related to its diversification notably as after-treatment systems to treat the exhaust from Diesel engines with higher running temperature especially when SCR catalysts are coated on Diesel Particulates Filters. Particular attention is also paid to poisoning effects in conjunction with the progressive replacement of fossil fuels by bio-fuels containing alkaline contaminants which drastically deactivate the catalyst through neutralization of strong acid sites...
October 18, 2018: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
Saida R Sharapova, Elyse Phillips, Karen Sirocco, Jennifer W Kaminski, Rebecca T Leeb, Italia Rolle
BACKGROUND: Normalisation of medicinal and recreational marijuana use has increased the importance of fully understanding effects of marijuana use on individual-and population-level health, including prenatal exposure effects on child development. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to examine the long-term effects of prenatal marijuana exposure on neuropsychological function in children aged 1-11 years. METHODS: Primary research publications were searched from Medline, Embase, PsychInfo, CINAHL EbscoHost, Cochrane Library, Global Health and ERIC (1980-2018)...
October 18, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
O D Ostroumova, M S Cherniaeva
This article presents a review of Russian and foreign literature about the impact of arterial hypertension (AH) on the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia. Large studies have demonstrated the effect of blood pressure (BP) on the risk of vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in elderly and oldest old people as well as a role of antihypertensive therapy. There is evidence of a negative effect of hypertension in middle age on cognitive functions in late-life. Observational studies as a whole have shown the positive effect of antihypertensive therapy on the prevention of cognitive function and dementia...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Li Hui Tay, Andrew Kok Wah Ong, Dora Siew Ping Lang
INTRODUCTION: Counseling is a brief psycho-educational intervention that is useful in facilitating personal growth and adaptive resolution of life stresses. With increased recognition on the psycho-emotional needs of patients with cancer, it is prudent to consider the possibility of expanding the role of nurses in the provision of counseling. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative systematic review aimed to establish the best available evidence on the experiences of adult cancer patients receiving counseling provided by nurses...
October 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Dong Hyun Kim, Eunae Cho, Sung Bum Cho, Sung Kyu Choi, Sunmin Kim, Jieun Yu, Young-Il Koh, Da Woon Sim, Chung Hwan Jun
RATIONALE: Hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) with metastases to the right atrium (RA) and lungs are rare, with a poor prognosis. Furthermore, the treatment outcomes in patients with advanced HCCs remain unsatisfactory. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 46-year-old man presented to our hospital for dyspnea on exertion and abdominal pain. DIAGNOSES: HCC and extra-hepatic metastases to the lung and RA. INTERVENTIONS: Multidisciplinary treatment including radiotherapy (RT), transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), and sorafenib...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Zhiqing Cao, Jiangyi Chen, Zhixiong Li, Guoxin Li
BACKGROUND: Pediatric inguinal hernia is one of the most common diseases in children, and laparoscopy is the main surgical method. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of a new modified 2-port laparoscopic herniorrhaphy with Kirschner wire (TLHK) for inguinal hernia in children. METHODS: A total of 5304 children with inguinal hernia hospitalized at the Jiangmen Center Hospital from June 2003 to May 2016 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Four thousand one hundred thirty-five children underwent TLHK that comprised the observation group, while 1169 received single incision laparoscopy (SIL) as the control group (CG)...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chiara Tersigni, Elisabetta Venturini, Carlotta Montagnani, Leila Bianchi, Elena Chiappini, Maurizio de Martino, Luisa Galli
Among parasitic hepatic cystic lesions, the most common disease is represented by cystic echinococcosis, especially in high endemic countries. European epidemiology of cystic echinococcosis in children is very difficult to assess because of under-reporting but is increasing, because of high immigration flows from endemic countries and an increased awareness. Hydatidosis can be localized in every part of the body. The liver and lungs are the most common localizations in both children and adults. Multi-organ involvement is rarely reported in children...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Anselm Chi-Wai Lee
An acquired, transient bleeding disorder that predominantly affects children in Southeast Asia has been reported for the last 4 decades. The condition has been named idiopathic purpura with gray platelets (IPGP) or acquired platelet dysfunction with eosinophilia. In a retrospective review from a private pediatric clinic over an 8-year period, 10 consecutive children were diagnosed as IPGP with a mean age of 8.4 (3.7 to 16.2) years. Eosinophilia (>0.5×10/L) was absent in 1, while gray platelets were consistently found in all cases with a mean proportion of 64...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
P M Charpentier, A K Srivastava, H Zheng, J D Ostrander, R E Hughes
BACKGROUND: The length of stay (LOS) in the hospital for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been declining over recent decades. The purpose of this study was to determine if patients with an LOS for TKA that includes only 1 midnight have an increased odds of 90-day readmission compared with those with a 2-midnight LOS. We also sought to identify any predictors of 90-day hospital readmission among those readmitted during our period of analysis. METHODS: A retrospective review of the Michigan Arthroplasty Registry Collaborative Quality Initiative (MARCQI) database was performed to identify patients with a 1-midnight or 2-midnight LOS for TKA during a 5-year period...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Nelesh P Govender, Rindidzani E Magobo, Ruth Mpembe, Mabatho Mhlanga, Phelly Matlapeng, Craig Corcoran, Chetna Govind, Warren Lowman, Marthinus Senekal, Juno Thomas
To determine the epidemiology of Candida auris in South Africa, we reviewed data from public- and private-sector diagnostic laboratories that reported confirmed and probable cases of invasive disease and colonization for October 2012-November 2016. We defined a case as a first isolation of C. auris from any specimen from a person of any age admitted to any healthcare facility in South Africa. We defined probable cases as cases where the diagnostic laboratory had used a nonconfirmatory biochemical identification method and C...
November 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Sajjad Sadeghi, Farzaneh Ghaffari, Mehdi Alizadeh
The golden age of Islamic medicine (800 to 1300 CE) is a notable period in medical history. Medical education in this period of time was significant and systematic in Islamic territory. In the early Golden Age of Islamic Medicine, Abū Zayd Ḥunain ibn Isḥāq al-'Ibādī, an exceptional scholar and translator, emerged. He was known as Johannitius in medieval Europe. Al-Masā'il fī al-tibb lil-Mutāllimīn ( Questions on Medicine for Students) was written by Hunain ibn Isḥāq. This book remains a definitive text on Islamic medicine and has been printed and published widely in Europe...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
O Dzahini, N Singh, D Taylor, P M Haddad
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of antipsychotic exposure to the incidence and mortality of pneumonia. METHODS: The design of this study involved meta-analysis of observational studies identified from electronic databases. RESULTS: In total, 19 studies were included in the systematic review and 14 in the meta-analysis. Risk of pneumonia was increased by first-generation antipsychotics (risk ratio 1...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Irini D Batsis, Paul Wasuwanich, Wikrom W Karnsakul
In the present paper, we review the increased disease burden of Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) infection that is recognized worldwide; especially in children when the most common mode of transmission is vertically from infected mothers. In children with HBV and HCV infection, spontaneous clearance of the virus in the first years of life is not common, in contrast with adults, but these patients often stay asymptomatic until early adulthood, when disease has progressed to chronic hepatitis with increased risk of cirrhosis and its complication, and hepatocellular carcinoma...
October 18, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Andrea Wolfler, Gianfranco Raimondi, Cecilia Pagan de Paganis, Elena Zoia
INTRODUCTION: Bronchiolitis is one of the most frequent reasons for PICU admission in children less than 1 year of age. It causes a wide spectrum of clinical scenarios from mild to severe respiratory failure and supportive therapy range from HFNC to nonconventional ventilation and ECMO in the most severe forms. Aim of this article is to review the available ventilation mode in children with bronchiolitis and the scientific evidence. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The main medical databases were explored to search for clinical trials that address management strategies for respiratory support of infants with RSV infection...
October 18, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Fabio Midulla, Laura Petrarca, Antonella Frassanito, Greta Di Mattia, Anna M Zicari, Raffaella Nenna
Bronchiolitis is the most common acute lower respiratory tract infection in infants and the first cause of hospitalization in this age group. Despite it has been studied for over 70 years, its management remains controversial and nowadays the treatment is only supportive. Pediatricians should be well acquainted with the clinical course of the disease. In particular, they should know that the severity of respiratory symptoms peaks between days 3-7 of the disease and dehydration is a key sign to consider for the management...
October 18, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Francesca Riuzzi, Guglielmo Sorci, Roberta Sagheddu, Sara Chiappalupi, Laura Salvadori, Rosario Donato
Emerging evidence suggests that the signalling of the Receptor for Advanced Glycation End products (RAGE) is critical for skeletal muscle physiology controlling both the activity of muscle precursors during skeletal muscle development and the correct time of muscle regeneration after acute injury. On the other hand, the aberrant re-expression/activity of RAGE in adult skeletal muscle is a hallmark of muscle wasting that occurs in response to ageing, genetic disorders, inflammatory conditions, cancer, and metabolic alterations...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Margaret S Robertson, Susan S Hayashi, Miranda L Camet, Kathryn Trinkaus, Jennifer Henry, Robert J Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Ototoxicity is a significant complication of cisplatin treatment. Hearing loss can be symmetric or asymmetric, and may decline after therapy. This study examined the risks of asymmetric and late-onset hearing loss (LOHL) in cisplatin-treated pediatric patients with cancer. METHODS: A retrospective review of 993 patients' medical and audiological charts from August 1990 to March 2015 was conducted using stringent criteria to characterize patients with asymmetric hearing loss (AHL) or LOHL...
October 18, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Dae Hee Kim, Duk Hyun Kang
The burden of valvular heart disease (VHD) is increasing with age, and the elderly patients with moderate or severe VHD are notably common. When to operate in asymptomatic patients with VHD remains controversial. The controversy is whether early surgical intervention should be preferred, or a watchful waiting approach should be followed. The beneficial effects of early surgery should be balanced against operative mortality and long-term results. Indications of early surgery in each of the VHD will be discussed in this review on the basis of the latest American and European guidelines...
November 2018: Korean Circulation Journal
Gregory Y H Lip
AIM: Four non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been evaluated in clinical trials for the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Although each of the NOACs have been shown to be at least non-inferior to warfarin for efficacy and safety outcomes, controversy remains over the relative safety of each NOAC in patient subgroups. This narrative review provides an overview of phase III data on NOAC trials for the prevention of stroke in AF, with a focus on reporting the safety of each agent in key patient subgroups based on age, gender, accumulated risk factors, and primary or secondary prevention of stroke...
October 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
David A Drummond, Lindsay B Carey
With the emerging incorporation of spiritual care into the allied health stream, there is a need for a clear and validated process of spiritual review that can be understood across multidisciplinary teams. The aim and purpose of this paper was to critically review the literature regarding spiritual screening, history-taking and assessment, and explore the merits of developing a brief instrument focussed on assessing and improving the spiritual well-being of consumers within residential aged care. Following an exploratory review of the literature, the results indicate that effective processes are noted regarding the triage and identification of the needs and spiritual assessment of consumers; however, many of these tools are overly religious in content, unwieldy in size, or not specifically aimed at identifying the immediate crisis confronting the consumer...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
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