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Body positivity

Georg Bergmann, Ines Kutzner, Alwina Bender, Jörn Dymke, Adam Trepczynski, Georg N Duda, Dieter Felsenberg, Philipp Damm
During whole body vibrations, the total contact force in knee and hip joints consists of a static component plus the vibration-induced dynamic component. In two different cohorts, these forces were measured with instrumented joint implants at different vibration frequencies and amplitudes. For three standing positions on two platforms, the dynamic forces were compared to the static forces, and the total forces were related to the peak forces during walking. A biomechanical model served for estimating muscle force increases from contact force increases...
2018: PloS One
Amanda E Pope, Nicholas Stanzione, Bita V Naini, Maria Garcia-Lloret, Kevin A Ghassemi, Elizabeth A Marcus, Martin G Martin, Laura J Wozniak
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies show increased serum and esophageal IgG4 in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), suggesting a possible IgG4-involved process. The role of IgG4 in pediatric EoE has not been extensively investigated. Our aim was to analyze IgG4 in esophageal tissue in children in parallel to that in adults with EoE. METHODS: In a retrospective institutional review board-approved study, we performed immunohistochemical staining of IgG4 in esophageal biopsy specimens from 39 subjects: children with EoE (n = 16), adults with EoE (n = 15), children with reflux esophagitis (n = 4), and pediatric controls (n = 4)...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Milan S Petronijevic, Amador Garcia Ramos, Dragan M Mirkov, Slobodan Jaric, Zoran Valdevit, Olivera M Knezevic
Petronijevic, MS, Garcia Ramos, A, Mirkov, DM, Jaric, S, Valdevit, Z, and Knezevic, OM. Self-preferred initial position could be a viable alternative to the standard squat jump testing procedure. J Strength Cond Res 32(11): 3267-3275, 2018-The purpose of this study was to compare both the magnitude and reliability of different variables (knee angle, squat depth, jump height [Hmax], maximum force [Fmax], and maximum power [Pmax]) between the standardized squat jump (SJ) and the SJ performed from the self-preferred position...
November 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Alegra I Mendez, Amelia A Miramonti, Zachary M Gillen, Brianna D McKay, Todd J Leutzinger, Joel T Cramer
Mendez, AI, Miramonti, AA, Gillen, ZM, McKay, BD, Leutzinger, TJ, and Cramer, JT. Stature, body mass, and BMI in high school american football players: Appropriate determinants of obesity prevalence? J Strength Cond Res 32(11): 3119-3126, 2018-The purpose of this study was to evaluate stature (HT), mass (BM), body mass index (BMI), and obesity prevalence based on BMI categories in a large sample (n = 7,175) of high school American football players enrolled as freshmen, sophomores, or juniors. Players were categorized by their positions: offensive linemen (OLs), defensive linemen (DLs), tight end, defensive end, linebacker, running back, quarterback, defensive back, and wide receiver...
November 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
David P Hedlund
Hedlund, DP. Performance of future elite players at the NFL scouting combine. J Strength Cond Res 32(11): 3112-3118, 2018-The purpose of this study is to examine players' physical and performance measures taken at the National Football League (NFL) Scouting Combine and compare these with their future performance in the NFL. From 2002 to 2016, 3 types of player data (N = 5,506) were collected from secondary data sources. Results of players earned on various NFL Scouting Combine drills and measurements (e.g., height, body mass, 40-yard dash time, vertical jump, bench press repetitions, shuttle run time, and 3-cone drill time), the position players play on the field (e...
November 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Rodrigo Pereira de Souza, Márcio Vinícius Fagundes Donadio, João Paulo Heinzmann-Filho, Rafael Reimann Baptista, Leonardo Araújo Pinto, Matias Epifanio, Paulo José Cauduro Marostica
OBJECTIVE: To compare muscle thickness and subcutaneous fat in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and healthy controls using ultrasonography (US), and to correlate US findings with nutritional, clinical and functional variables. METHODS: Patients aged 6 to 18 years old with a diagnosis of CF and healthy controls were included. Participants underwent anthropometric measurements, an ultrasonographic evaluation of muscle thickness and subcutaneous fat in the triceps, quadriceps, and gastrocnemius regions, and skinfold thickness measurements...
October 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Vanessa Gutierrez de Andrade, Fábio da Silva Yamashiro, Cássio Vieira Oliveira, Alecsandro Moreira, Fernanda Cristina Winckler, Giovanni Faria Silva
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a serious public health problem, that affects approximately 170 million people worldwide. Chronic HCV infection is associated with hepatic insulin resistance and an increased risk of diabetes HCV-infected patients has been well documented. OBJECTIVE: To assess the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index in patients treated with direct acting antiviral (DAAs) medication in the sustained virological response (SVR), categorized by the presence or absence of cirrhosis...
July 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Daniela Carolina Molina Lemes, Sheila Gonçalves Câmara, Gehysa Guimarães Alves, Denise Aerts
During adolescence, body image is linked to subjective well-being. This study aimed to identify variables related to overall well-being (life satisfaction, health perception, happiness, and optimism) that discriminate between teenagers who are satisfied with body image and those who are dissatisfied. A cross-sectional, school- based study was conducted involving a sample of 1,460 ninth-grade students attending state schools in Canoas in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The following instruments were used: a sociodemographic questionnaire; the Economic Classification Criteria Brazil; the Body Shape Questionnaire; the Brief Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale; the Happiness Measures; and health perception and perceived optimism...
December 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Dimpymoni Saikia, Sultana Jesmin Ahmed, Hiranya Saikia, Ratna Sarma
Background: Body mass index (BMI) is one of the most commonly used indices to measure the weight status of an individual. However, it takes only height and weight of individual into account. The relative body composition can be calculated regardless of height and weight by body fat percentage (BF%). Objectives: The objectives of the study are (1) To assess the prevalence of obesity using BMI and BF% among early adolescents studying in schools of Dibrugarh. (2) To assess the relationship between BMI and BF%...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Sara Oliveira, Cláudia Pires, Cláudia Ferreira
PURPOSE: The central role of caregiver eating messages has been recognized on later individual's eating behaviour, body image and weight status. Additionally, shame is a painful emotion also associated with the development and maintenance of body image and eating-related difficulties. The main aim of the present study was to explore the moderator effect of the recall of caregiver eating messages on the associations between external shame, body weight and shape-related concerns, and the adoption of inflexible eating rules...
December 11, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Paula J Busse, Henriette Farkas, Aleena Banerji, William R Lumry, Hilary J Longhurst, Daniel J Sexton, Marc A Riedl
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) with C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) is a rare disease characterized by diminished levels or dysfunctional activity of C1-INH, leading to dysregulated plasma kallikrein activity within the kallikrein-kinin pathway. Symptoms manifest as painful, potentially life-threatening swelling of subcutaneous tissues throughout the body and/or submucosal edema in the upper airway or gastrointestinal tract. Attacks recur with unpredictable frequency, intensity, and duration, placing a heavy burden on patients' daily lives...
December 12, 2018: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
Renato Zambello, Filippo Crimì, Albana Lico, Gregorio Barilà, Antonio Branca, Annamaria Guolo, Cristiano Varin, Roberto Vezzaro, Lucia Checuz, Vanna Scapin, Tamara Berno, Marco Pizzi, Alberto Ponzoni, Ercole De Biasi, Stefania Vio, Gianpietro Semenzato, Pietro Zucchetta, Carmelo Lacognata
We evaluated differences in density and 18 F-FDG PET/MRI features of lytic bone lesions (LBLs) identified by whole-body low-dose CT (WB-LDCT) in patients affected by newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM). In 18 MM patients, 135 unequivocal LBLs identified by WB-LDCT were characterized for inner density (negative or positive Hounsfield unit (HU)), where negative density (HU < 0) characterizes normal yellow marrow whereas positive HU correlates with tissue-like infiltrative pattern. The same LBLs were analyzed by 18 F-FDG PET/DWI-MRI, registering DWI signal with ADC and SUV max values...
December 11, 2018: Annals of Hematology
Aurore Sellier, Mohammed Al Falasi, Christophe Joubert, Nicolas Desse, Nathan Beucler, Aurélien Renard, Cédric Bernard, Laurent Allanic, Arnaud Dagain
BACKGROUND: Every summer, several patients who suffer from vertebral fractures are hospitalized at the Sainte-Anne Military Hospital after going on a boat trip around the French Riviera. The uniqueness of these fractures lies in their mechanism of injury, called the "deck-slap" injury. The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics of the "deck-slap" injury. METHODS: The data of 26 vertebral fractures that occurred during boat trips between January 2010 and September 2017 were collected and analyzed...
December 11, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Philippe Gimenez, Evelyne Chicoine, David Amarantini, Fabien Dal Maso, Jonathan Tremblay
The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of unilateral lower-body-conditioning muscle contractions during multiple sets of fatiguing repeated jumps in elite athletes. Five elite short-track speed-skating athletes performed 9 sets of 6 maximal consecutive jumps on 2 separate occasions: with (COND) and without (CTRL) preliminary voluntary conditioning contractions (CC) 5 min before the beginning of the sets. The CC consisted of 2 consecutive 3 s maximal unilateral isometric squats against a fixed bar, resulting in a 6 s overall isometric contraction per leg...
November 2018: Sports Med Int Open
Irene González-González, David Rodríguez-Rosell, David Clavero-Martín, Ricardo Mora-Custodio, Fernando Pareja-Blanco, Juan Manuel Yáñez García, Juan José González-Badillo
This study aimed to examine the relationship between anthropometric and sport level (SL) variables and both ball speed and accuracy in young male competitive tennis players. A secondary aim of this study was to analyze the possible differences in ball speed and accuracy between players of different competitive levels. A total of 85 players (age: 14.7±2.4 years; height: 1.65±0.12 m; body weight: 56.3±13.4 kg) were divided into five groups according to their positions in the ranking list. To measure stroke performances, the goal was to hit 20 balls at the maximum possible speed inside the court, with the opportunity of hitting a maximum of 30 balls for each groundstroke and 40 for serve...
September 2018: Sports Med Int Open
Yonghong Sheng, Dongping Huang, Shun Liu, Xuefeng Guo, Jiehua Chen, Yantao Shao, Guoqiang Zhang, Liangjia Wei, Xiaoyun Zeng, Xiaoqiang Qiu
Ethnic differences in the level of thyroid hormones exist among individuals. The American Thyroid Association (ATA) recommends that an institution or region should establish a specific thyroid hormone reference value for each stage of pregnancy. To date, a limited number of studies have reported the level of thyroid hormones in Chinese minorities, and the exact relationship between BMI and thyroid function in pregnant women is ill. This study was performed to establish trimester-specific reference ranges of thyroid hormones in Zhuang ethnic pregnant women and explore the role of body mass index (BMI) on thyroid function...
2018: BioMed Research International
Christine M Lee, Michelle Moh, Peggy S Sullivan, Neda A Moatamed
Background: BRCA gene mutations significantly increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancers where the lifetime risk of the ovarian cancer is about 40%. Therefore, many women with such mutations undergo prophylactic bilateral mastectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy. About 5-6% of these individuals display occult carcinomas in tubo-ovarian locations of which over 85% are tubal in origin. The objective of this case study was to emphasize emergence of benign lesions mimicking cancer under these circumstances...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Emma Wood, Alice Harsant, Martin Dallimer, Anna Cronin de Chavez, Rosemary R C McEachan, Christopher Hassall
Contemporary epidemiological methods testing the associations between green space and psychological well-being treat all vegetation cover as equal. However, there is very good reason to expect that variations in ecological "quality" (number of species, integrity of ecological processes) may influence the link between access to green space and benefits to human health and well-being. We test the relationship between green space quality and restorative benefit in an inner city urban population in Bradford, United Kingdom...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Guan Wang, Pei Wang, Junlong Luo, Wenya Nan
Efficiently perceiving a threatening intention conveyed by others' bodily actions has great survival value. The current study examined if the human brain is sensitive to differences in intentions that are conveyed via bodily actions. For this purpose, a new intention categorization task was developed in which participants sat in front of a computer screen on which the pictures of highly threatening (HT), moderately threatening (MT), and non-threatening (NT) body actions were presented randomly. Participants were asked to press the corresponding buttons using threatening intention judgment, while event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Sandra Kraljević Pavelić, Jasmina Simović Medica, Darko Gumbarević, Ana Filošević, Nataša Pržulj, Krešimir Pavelić
Unique and outstanding physical and chemical properties of zeolite materials make them extremely useful in a variety of applications including agronomy, ecology, manufacturing, and industrial processes. Recently, a more specific application of one naturally occurring zeolite material, clinoptilolite, has been widely studied in veterinary and human medicine. Due to a number of positive effects on health, including detoxification properties, the usage of clinoptilolite-based products in vivo has increased enormously...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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