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Health at every size

Tanja Louise Ibsen, Siren Eriksen, Grete Grindal Patil
Background: Day care services provide meaningful activities and coping experiences in a safe environment for people with dementia, as well as improve quality of life. Such services vary in types and settings. Farm-based day care (FDC) services are described as services that have been adapted from the farm setting, using farm resources to promote health. There is limited knowledge on the service offered in both FDC and regular day care services for people with dementia. The present study aims to investigate FDC in Norway and describe the services and the participants' care environment...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Paul V Beirne, Sarah Hennessy, Sharon L Cadogan, Frances Shiely, Tony Fitzgerald, Fiona MacLeod
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2015. The conclusions have not changed.Hypodermic needles of different sizes (gauges and lengths) can be used for vaccination procedures. The gauge (G) refers to the outside diameter of the needle tubing. The higher the gauge number, the smaller the diameter of the needle (e.g. a 23 G needle is 0.6 mm in diameter, whereas a 25 G needle is 0.5 mm in diameter). Many vaccines are recommended for injection into muscle (intramuscularly), although some are delivered subcutaneously (under the skin) and intradermally (into skin)...
August 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Biao Fu, Guijian Liu, Mei Sun, James C Hower, Md Manik Mian, Dun Wu, Ruwei Wang, Guangqing Hu
Emission of hazardous trace elements (HTEs) from energy production is receiving much attention due to concerns about the toxicity to the ecosystem and human health. This study presented new field measurement data on the HTEs partitioning behavior and size-segregated elemental compositions of gaseous particular matter (PM) generated from a commercial circulating fluidized bed (CFB) power plant. Mineralogical and morphological characteristics of combustion ash and PM2.5 (particle diameter less than 2.5 μm) were determined by X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDS)...
July 20, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Stella Babalola, Sulaimon T Adedokun, Anna McCartney-Melstad, Mathew Okoh, Sola Asa, Ian Tweedie, Andrew Tompsett
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains endemic in Nigeria despite programmes and policies put in place toward malaria elimination. Long-lasting insecticidal nets have been documented to offer protection from malaria by preventing mosquito bites. While many studies have examined the factors associated with the use of bed nets in Nigeria and across Africa, little information is available on the factors associated with consistency of use of bed nets. METHODS: The data for this study were derived from a household survey conducted in three states in Nigeria (Akwa Ibom, Kebbi and Nasarawa) between July and September 2015 by the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative, a 5-year cooperative agreement supported by the United States Agency for International Development and the US President's Malaria initiative and led by the Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs...
August 2, 2018: Malaria Journal
B S Chavan, Subhash Das, Rohit Garg, Sonia Puri, Aravind Ba Banavaram
BACKGROUND: Mental illness results in a plethora of distressing issues, has tremendous socio-economic impact and causes socio-occupational dysfunction in the individual as well as the caregivers. There is a felt need to explore the disability caused by mental illness and the associated socio-economic impact at the population level in a developing nation like India. AIMS: To elucidate the disability and socio-economic impact associated with mental illness at the individual and household levels for the state of Punjab in India...
August 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Anirban Basu, Carmela Benson, Larry Alphs
BACKGROUND: Once-monthly and once-every-3-months long-acting injectable (LAI) formulations of paliperidone palmitate (PP1M and PP3M, respectively) are available for the treatment of patients with schizophrenia. However, information on the comparative effectiveness and costs of using these LAIs versus oral antipsychotics (OAs) is not available. The population effectiveness of using these treatments is also not known. OBJECTIVE: To project the effect of using PP1M and PP3M LAIs on psychiatric (Psych) and all-cause (AC) hospitalization rates over 18 months in patients with schizophrenia receiving Medicaid and treated with OAs...
August 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Alexandra Rodney
In this paper, I investigate the contribution of healthy living blogs to discourse about healthy eating, seeking to understand how blogs compare to mass-media magazine sources. This is done by comparatively analysing 459 healthy living blog posts and 141 health and fitness magazine articles. These were collected between 2011 and 2013 and provide rich data about what food content looks like in media designed for an audience of American women. I analyze how each source establishes the purpose of healthy eating and what foods are considered part of a healthy diet...
July 21, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Sandra Strong, Jennifer Federico, Ron Banks, Cathy Williams
Companion-animal hoarding is a significant problem in the United States and internationally. Hoarding situations can incubate for years before a case is reported to law enforcement or animal control agencies. According to a survey by Gary Patronek, animal control agencies have estimated there are approximately 3000 reportable cases of animal hoarding annually in the United States. Animal hoarding cases vary in size from fewer than 20 animals to hundreds of animals. Every case of animal hoarding results in suboptimal animal welfare...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Ahmed Aboelnaga, Moustafa Elmasry, Osama A Adly, Mohamed A Elbadawy, Ashraf H Abbas, Islam Abdelrahman, Omar Salah, Ingrid Steinvall
BACKGROUND: The current treatment for partial thickness burns at the trial site is silver sulphadiazine, as it minimises bacterial colonisation of wounds. Its deleterious effect on wound healing, together with the need for repeated, often painful, procedures, has brought about the search for a better treatment. Microbial cellulose has shown promising results that avoid these disadvantages. The aim of this study was therefore to compare microbial cellulose with silver sulphadiazine as a dressing for partial thickness burns...
July 10, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Shala Chetty-Mhlanga, Wisdom Basera, Samuel Fuhrimann, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Steven Delport, Mufaro Mugari, Jennifer Van Wyk, Martin Röösli, Mohamed Aqiel Dalvie
BACKGROUND: Research on reproductive health effects on children from low-level, long-term exposure to pesticides currently used in the agricultural industry is limited and those on neurobehavioral effects have produced conflicting evidence. We aim at investigating the association between pesticide exposure on the reproductive health and neurobehavior of children in South Africa, by including potential relevant co-exposures from the use of electronic media and maternal alcohol consumption...
July 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
Stephen Kellett, Corrie Stockton, Helen Marshall, Jo Hall, Charley Jennings, Jaime Delgadillo
BACKGROUND: Narrative reformulation (NR) is a component of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) that is assumed to increase client engagement and improve clinical outcomes. This study set out to test these claims. METHODS: A single-blind randomized and controlled dismantling trial investigated treatment outcomes for moderate to severely depressed patients receiving CAT in Primary Care. Ninety-five participants were randomized to either full-CAT (n = 52) or CAT minus narrative reformulation (CAT-NR, n = 43)...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Catherine Bégin, Elise Carbonneau, Marie-Pierre Gagnon-Girouard, Lyne Mongeau, Marie-Claude Paquette, Mylène Turcotte, Véronique Provencher
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of a Health at Every Size (HAES) intervention in a real-world setting. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design evaluating eating behaviors and psychological factors. SETTING: The HAES intervention is offered in Health and Social Services Centers in Québec (Canada). PARTICIPANTS: For this study, 216 women (body mass index [BMI]: 35.76 [6.80] kg/m2 ) who participated to the HAES intervention were compared to 110 women (BMI: 34...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
D Shen, S Wu, P Y Dai, Y S Li, C M Li
High concentrations of particulate matter (PM) and ammonia (NH3) in poultry houses have adverse effects on the health of workers and animals. The present study investigated the distribution of the PM in different size fractions and NH3, as well as analyzing the physicochemical properties of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in an enclosed layer house. The detection was taken from 5:00 to 21:00 in every 2 h for a 7-d continuous monitoring using a DustTrak II model 8532 aerosol monitor for PM concentrations and a JK40-IV portable gas detector for NH3 concentrations...
July 3, 2018: Poultry Science
Mariana Dimitrov Ulian, Ana Jéssica Pinto, Priscila de Morais Sato, Fabiana B Benatti, Patricia Lopes de Campos-Ferraz, Desire Coelho, Odilon J Roble, Fernanda Sabatini, Isabel Perez, Luiz Aburad, André Vessoni, Ramiro Fernandez Unsain, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, Ana Lúcia de Sá-Pinto, Bruno Gualano, Fernanda B Scagliusi
Health at Every Size® (HAES®) is a weight-neutral approach focused on promoting healthy behaviors in people with different body sizes. This study examined multiple physiological, attitudinal, nutritional, and behavioral effects of a newly developed, intensive, interdisciplinary HAES®-based intervention in obese women. This was a prospective, seven-month, randomized (2:1), controlled, mixed-method clinical trial. The intervention group (I-HAES®; n = 39) took part in an intensified HAES®-based intervention comprising a physical activity program, nutrition counseling sessions, and philosophical workshops...
2018: PloS One
Nora Pashayan, Steve Morris, Fiona J Gilbert, Paul D P Pharoah
Importance: The age-based or "one-size-fits-all" breast screening approach does not take into account the individual variation in risk. Mammography screening reduces death from breast cancer at the cost of overdiagnosis. Identifying risk-stratified screening strategies with a more favorable ratio of overdiagnoses to breast cancer deaths prevented would improve the quality of life of women and save resources. Objective: To assess the benefit-to-harm ratio and the cost-effectiveness of risk-stratified breast screening programs compared with a standard age-based screening program and no screening...
July 5, 2018: JAMA Oncology
Man Hung, Charles L Saltzman, Maren W Voss, Jerry Bounsanga, Richard Kendall, Ryan Spiker, Brandon Lawrence, Darrel Brodke
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Information System (PROMIS) instruments are an important advancement in the use of PROs, but need to be evaluated with longitudinal data to determine whether they are responsive to change in specific clinical populations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the responsiveness of the PROMIS Physical Function (PF), PROMIS Pain Interference (PI), Neck Disability Index (NDI) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)...
June 30, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Alexandra Morales, José P Espada, Mireia Orgilés, Silvia Escribano, Blair T Johnson, Marguerita Lightfoot
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have evaluated the efficacy of interventions to reduce risk for sexually transmitted infections in adolescents in recent years, but their global effects remain unknown since 2008, the last date of a comprehensive review of prior studies. AIMS: This study aims at evaluating the efficacy of interventions to promote sexual health, reduce STIs and unplanned pregnancies targeted to adolescents available after 2008; and analyzing the moderators of their global efficacy...
2018: PloS One
Jing Fu, Hong-Cai Shang, Li-Ying Wang, Chen Zhao, Jin Cui, Yan-Ping Wang
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is commonly seen and has a high occurrence in the middle-aged and elderly. It is characterized by the degeneration and secondary bone hyperplasia of the articular cartilage; the pathologic changes are irreversible. Therefore, treatment of KOA is mainly focused on relieving pain, reducing inflammation, improving or restoring joint function, delaying disease progression, and increasing quality of life. Crossbow needle therapy of the Miao ethnic minority group is intended for KOA treatment and has been widely used...
June 27, 2018: Trials
Clare P Herd, Claire L Tomlinson, Caroline Rick, W J Scotton, Julie Edwards, Natalie Ives, Carl E Clarke, Alexandra Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Migraine occurs in around 15% of adults and is ranked as the seventh most disabling disease amongst all diseases globally. Despite the available treatments many people suffer prolonged and frequent attacks which have a major impact on their quality of life. Chronic migraine is defined as 15 or more days of headache per month, at least eight of those days being migraine. People with episodic migraine have fewer than 15 headache days per month. Botulinum toxin type A has been licensed in some countries for chronic migraine treatment, due to the results of just two trials...
June 25, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Robin A Samlan, Melda Kunduk, Takeshi Ikuma, Mindy Black, Christianne Lane
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the extent to which 7 measures of glottal area timing and regularity differ between older adults with and without age-related dysphonia (ARD). Method: Laryngeal high-speed videoendoscopy was completed at 4,000 frames per second for 42 adults aged 70 years and older (ARD: 9 female, 5 male; control group: 15 female, 13 male). Relative glottal gap, open quotient, speed index, maximum area declination rate, harmonics-to-noise ratio, harmonic richness factor, and standard deviation of fundamental frequency were measured from a 0...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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