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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715807/amniotic-fluid-angiogenic-and-inflammatory-factor-profiling-in-foetal-down-syndrome
#1
Monika Zbucka-Kretowska, Karol Charkiewicz, Jan Czerniecki, Joanna Goscik, Slawomir Wolczynski, Piotr Laudanski
OBJECTIVES: Angiogenic factors are proteins that can potentially be related to certain foetal chromosomal abnormalities. The goal of this study was to determine the concentrations of 60 angiogenic factors in the amniotic fluid of women carrying foetuses with Down syndrome (DS). METHODS: After analysis of the karyotyping results, for the purpose of this study, we chose 12 women with foetal DS. For the control group, we selected 12 healthy patients with uncomplicated pregnancies (15-18 weeks of gestation) who delivered healthy newborns at term...
July 15, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679471/postoperative-immune-response-and-surgical-stress-in-selective-neck-dissection-comparison-between-endoscopically-assisted-dissection-and-open-techniques-in-ct1-2n0-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
Song Fan, Jiang-Long Zhong, Wei-Xiong Chen, Wei-Liang Chen, Qun-Xing Li, You-Yuan Wang, Zhao-Yu Lin, Han-Qing Zhang, Da-Ming Zhang, Xin Yu, Fa-Ya Liang, Xiao-Ming Huang, Eduardo Dias-Ribeiro, Yong Liu, Xiang-Hua Lin, Bin Zhou, Qi-Xiang Liang, Celso Koogi Sonoda, Jin-Song Li
BACKGROUND: Endoscopically assisted selective neck dissection (SND) has recently been applied in clinical N0 cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, nothing is known of the immune response after surgery. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with cT1-2N0 OSCC randomly underwent endoscopically assisted SND and open operations. The serum levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-1b, TNF-a, CRP, cortisol, ACTH, and growth hormone were analyzed before the start of the surgery (T0) and at 2 (T1), 6 (T2), 24 (T3), and 72 h (T4) after surgery...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672073/prediction-of-treatment-outcomes-to-exercise-in-patients-with-nonremitted-major-depressive-disorder
#3
Chad D Rethorst, Charles C South, A John Rush, Tracy L Greer, Madhukar H Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Only one-third of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) achieve remission with initial treatment. Consequently, current clinical practice relies on a "trial-and-error" approach to identify an effective treatment for each patient. The purpose of this report was to determine whether we could identify a set of clinical and biological parameters with potential clinical utility for prescription of exercise for treatment of MDD in a secondary analysis of the Treatment with Exercise Augmentation in Depression (TREAD) trial...
July 3, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669832/hyperbaric-oxygen-treatment-augments-tobramycin-efficacy-in-experimental-staphylococcus-aureus-endocarditis
#4
C J Lerche, L J Christophersen, M Kolpen, P R Nielsen, H Trøstrup, K Thomsen, O Hyldegaard, H Bundgaard, P Ø Jensen, N Høiby, C Moser
BACKGROUND: S. aureus infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious disease an in-hospital mortality of up to 40%. Improvements of effects of antibiotics and host responses could potentially benefit outcomes. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) represents an adjunctive therapeutic option. We evaluated the efficacy of HBOT in combination with tobramycin in S. aureus IE. METHODS: A rat model of S. aureus IE mimicking the bacterial load in humans was used. Infected rats treated with tobramycin were randomized into two groups, 1) HBOT (b...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666275/curcumin-protects-against-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-injury-through-inhibiting-tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#5
Lu Wang, Ning Li, Dongdong Lin, Yunjin Zang
The TLR4/NF-κB pathway had important roles in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we reported a protective effect of curcumin against hepatic I/R injury via TLR4/NF-κB pathway. Curcumin significantly inhibited cell apoptosis, and decreased levels of LDH and production of TNF-a, IL-1b, and IL-6 in the cell supernatant. In addition, curcumin ameliorated elevated TLR4 and NF-κB caused by hypoxia/reoxygenation stimulation in BRL-3A cells. In vivo assays revealed that curcumin reduce levels of ALT and AST, and reversed TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway caused by hepatic I/R stimulation in liver tissues...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646583/sebum-lipids-influence-macrophage-polarization-and-activation
#6
M Lovászi, M Mattii, K Eyerich, Attila Gácsi, Erzsébet Csányi, D Kovács, R Rühl, A Szegedi, L Kemény, M Ståhle, C C Zouboulis, S Eyerich, D Törőcsik
BACKGROUND: As lipids are known to regulate macrophage functions it is reasonable to suppose that a sebocyte - macrophage axis mediated by sebum lipids may exist. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if sebocytes could contribute to the differentiation, polarization and function of macrophages with their secreted lipids. METHODS: Oil-red-O lipid staining and Raman spectroscopy were used to assess the dermal lipid content and penetration. Immunohistochemistry was used to analyse the macrophage subsets...
June 24, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646347/alendronate-treatment-induces-il-1b-expression-and-apoptosis-in-glioblastoma-cell-line
#7
Paola Maura Tricarico, Angeladine Epate, Fulvio Celsi, Sergio Crovella
Alendronate (ALD), one among the nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (NBPs), is currently used for the treatment of many pathological conditions. Unfortunately, although generally tolerated, NBPs treatment has been associated with central nervous system (CNS) adverse outcomes, such as amnesia, hallucinations and visual disturbances. So, we analyzed the effect of ALD treatment in glial cells, the main sources of cholesterol for neurons and principal cells involved in the immunological defense of the brain. We treated a glial cell line (U87-MG) with increasing doses of ALD (0...
June 23, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634425/a-transcriptional-regulatory-role-for-the-membrane-type-1-matrix-metalloproteinase-in-carcinogen-induced-inflammasome-gene-expression
#8
Samuel Sheehy, Borhane Annabi
Signal-transducing functions driven by the cytoplasmic domain of membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) are believed to regulate many inflammation-associated cancer cell functions including migration, proliferation, and survival. Aside from upregulation of the inflammation biomarker cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression, MT1-MMP's role in relaying intracellular signals triggered by extracellular pro-inflammatory cues remains poorly understood. Here, we triggered inflammation in HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), an inducer of COX-2 and of MT1-MMP...
2017: Gene Regulation and Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631672/-the-influence-of-interleukin-gene-polymorphism-on-the-serum-cytokine-level-in-the-patients-presenting-with-chonic-suppurative-otitis-media
#9
E V Baike, Yu A Vitkovsky, A A Dutova
The objective of the present work was to study the influence of allelic variant associations of 1-beta interleukin (C3953T, &511C, T31C), interleukin-6 (C174G), and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (G308A) gene polymorphisms on the serum cytokine level in the patients presenting with chronic suppurative otitis media. A total of 299 patients at the age varying from 16 to 55 years with this condition divided into three groups were examined. Group 1 was comprised of 146 patients suffering from the tubotympanic form of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM)...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623311/identification-of-rare-genetic-variation-of-nlrp1-gene-in-familial-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Ales Maver, Polona Lavtar, Smiljana Ristić, Sanja Stopinšek, Saša Simčič, Keli Hočevar, Juraj Sepčić, Jelena Drulović, Tatjana Pekmezović, Ivana Novaković, Hodžić Alenka, Gorazd Rudolf, Saša Šega, Nada Starčević-Čizmarević, Anja Palandačić, Gordana Zamolo, Miljenko Kapović, Tina Likar, Borut Peterlin
The genetic etiology and the contribution of rare genetic variation in multiple sclerosis (MS) has not yet been elucidated. Although familial forms of MS have been described, no convincing rare and penetrant variants have been reported to date. We aimed to characterize the contribution of rare genetic variation in familial and sporadic MS and have identified a family with two sibs affected by concomitant MS and malignant melanoma (MM). We performed whole exome sequencing in this primary family and 38 multiplex MS families and 44 sporadic MS cases and performed transcriptional and immunologic assessment of the identified variants...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611262/relative-adrenal-insufficiency-is-associated-with-the-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-stable-decompensated-cirrhosis
#11
Evangelos Cholongitas, Ioannis Goulis, Eirini Pagkalidou, Anna Haidich, Apostolos Karagiannis, Theodora Nakouti, Chrysoula Pipili, Theodora Oikonomou, Spyros Gerou, Evangelos Akriviadis
BACKGROUND: The clinical impact of relative adrenal insufficiency (AI) on patients with stable decompensated cirrhosis (DeCi) has not been yet elucidated. AIM: Explore the association between AI and outcome [death or liver transplantation (LT)] in patients with DeCi. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with DeCi presenting no active complication have been included. Clinical and laboratory data, including serum levels of corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), interleukin (IL)-1b, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNFα) were recorded in each participant...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595952/trans-resveratrol-enriched-maternal-diet-protects-the-immature-hippocampus-from-perinatal-asphyxia-in-rats
#12
Sebastian Isac, Anca Maria Panaitescu, Ana Spataru, Mara Iesanu, Alexandra Totan, Amalia Udriste, Natalia Cucu, Gheorghe Peltecu, Leon Zagrean, Ana-Maria Zagrean
Trans-resveratrol (tRESV), a polyphenol with antioxidant properties, is common in many food sources, hence easily accessible for study as a maternal dietary supplement in perinatal asphyxia (PA). Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy secondary to PA affects especially vulnerable brain areas such as hippocampus and is a leading cause of neonatal morbidity. The purpose of this study is to identify new epigenetic mechanisms of brain inflammation and injury related to PA and to explore the benefit of tRESV enriched maternal diet...
July 13, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580343/effectiveness-of-thymoquinone-zeolite-and-platelet-rich-plasma-in-model-of-corrosive-oesophagitis-induced-in-rats
#13
Gökhan Karaca, Oktay Aydin, Faruk Pehlivanli, Canan Altunkaya, Hafize Uzun, Osman Güler
PURPOSE: The effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), thymoquinone, and zeolite in corrosive esophageal burns was investigated in a rat model. METHODS: Four groups were comprised as containing 10 rats in each group. For group I, oesophagitis was induced and no other procedure was performed (control group). For group II, oesophagitis was induced and thymoquinone was administered for 1 week via oral gavage once a day (thymoquinone group). For group III, oesophagitis was induced for 1 week via oral gavage once a day (PRP group)...
June 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579523/efficacy-of-spirulina-platensis-diet-supplements-on-disease-resistance-and-immune-related-gene-expression-in-cyprinus-carpio-l-exposed-to-herbicide-atrazine
#14
Samah R Khalil, Rasha M Reda, Ashraf Awad
The present study evaluated the immunotoxicological effects of the herbicide atrazine (ATZ) at sub-lethal concentrations and the potential ameliorative influence of Spirulina platensis (SP) over a sub-chronic exposure period on Cyprinus carpio L., also known as common carp. Common carp was sampled after a 40-days exposure to ATZ (428 μg/L) and SP (1%), individually or in combination to assess the non-specific immune response, changes in mRNA expression of immune-related genes [lysozyme (LYZ), immunoglobulin M (IgM), and complement component 3 (C3)] in the spleen, and inflammatory cytokines (interleukins IL-1ß and IL-10) in the head kidney using real-time PCR...
August 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556866/model-for-risk-based-screening-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-people-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Irini Chatziralli, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Roxanne Crosby-Nwaobi, Kirsty Winkley, Haralabos Eleftheriadis, Khalida Ismail, Stephanie A Amiel, Sobha Sivaprasad
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of inflammatory/lipid markers and potential risk factors for diabetic retinopathy (DR) development in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Participants in this study were 1062 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM. Demographic and clinical data of patients were collected. Assessment of DR status was performed using digital two-field photography. In addition, HbA1c (%), lipid profile, and urinary albumin were measured at recruitment...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543912/association-study-of-interleukin-1-family-interleukin-6-and-its-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis
#16
Lydie Izakovicova Holla, Simona Valova, Petra Borilova Linhartova, Jirina Bartova, Jitka Petanova, Pavel Kuklinek, Antonin Fassmann
BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is one of the most common oral chronic ulcerative disease in which proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1 (IL-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are thought to play an important role. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between polymorphisms in the IL-1 cytokine family, IL-6 or its receptor and RAS in the Czech population. METHODS: A total of 248 subjects, 184 healthy controls, and 64 patients with RAS were genotyped for IL-1A-889C>T, IL-1B-511C>T, IL-1B+3953C>T, IL-1RN86 bp variable number of tandem repeats (VNTRs) in intron 2, IL-6-597G>A, IL-6-572G>C, IL-6-174G>C, and IL-6R+48992A>C by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539262/synthetic-anti-endotoxin-peptides-inhibit-cytoplasmic-lps-mediated-responses
#17
Anja Pfalzgraff, Lena Heinbockel, Qi Su, Klaus Brandenburg, Günther Weindl
Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4-independent recognition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the cytosol by inflammatory caspases leads to non-canonical inflammasome activation and induction of IL-1 secretion and pyroptosis. The discovery of this novel mechanism has potential implications for the development of effective drugs to treat sepsis since LPS-mediated hyperactivation of caspases is critically involved in endotoxic shock. Previously, we demonstrated that Pep19-2.5, a synthetic anti-endotoxin peptide, efficiently neutralises pathogenicity factors of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and protects against sepsis in vivo...
May 21, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529526/genetic-factors-and-the-risk-of-periodontitis-development-findings-from-a-systematic-review-composed-of-13-studies-of-meta-analysis-with-71-531-participants
#18
REVIEW
Maélson Klever da Silva, Antonio Carlos Gonçalves de Carvalho, Even Herlany Pereira Alves, Felipe Rodolfo Pereira da Silva, Larissa Dos Santos Pessoa, Daniel Fernando Pereira Vasconcelos
Purpose. This work aimed to synthesize the results of recent meta-analysis focusing on polymorphism in inflammatory mediators and its relation with the risk of periodontitis development. Materials and Methods. A systematic search was conducted using databases for publications prior to October 2016. Three examiners extracted data from articles with a clear association between polymorphisms in the inflammatory mediator gene and the development of periodontitis through meta-analysis using the fixed or randomized statistical models to calculate the Odds Ratio with values of P < 0...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522271/medroxyprogesterone-acetate-drives-m2-macrophage-differentiation-toward-a-phenotype-of-decidual-macrophage
#19
Yung-Chieh Tsai, Joseph T Tseng, Chia-Yih Wang, Mei-Tsz Su, Jyun-Yuan Huang, Pao-Lin Kuo
M1 macrophage differentiation plays a crucial role in enhanced inflammation during pregnancy, which may lead to pregnancy complications. Therefore, modulation of macrophage differentiation toward the M2 phenotype is desirable to ensure a successful pregnancy. Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is a potent progestin with an anti-inflammatory property, but its effect on macrophage differentiation is unknown. This study aimed to examine whether MPA can induce an M2 macrophage differentiation by using the human monocytes cell line THP-1 or primary monocytes...
May 15, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521293/determination-of-il-1b-rs16944-and-il-6-rs1800796-genetic-polymorphisms-in-iga-nephropathy-in-a-northwest-chinese-han-population
#20
Daofa Zhang, Maowei Xie, Xiaohong Yang, Yin Zhang, Yan Su, Yanni Wang, Haiyang Huang, Hui Han, Wenning Li, Keying Fu, Huiluan Su, Wentan Xu, Yeguang Han, Ru Wang, Pei Zhang, Wei Wu, Yun Huang, Daojun Chen, Tianbo Jin, Jiali Wei
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common form of primary glomerulonephritis worldwide, but etiology and pathogenesis continue to be poorly understood. Polymorphisms in the cytokine genes may play a role in the etiology and pathogenesis of IgAN. The incidence of different between diverse ethnic groups suggested important genetic influences on its pathogenesis.We genotype 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL-1B and IL-6 gene using Sequenom Mass-ARRAY technology from 417 IgAN patients and 463 healthy controls of the Chinese Han population...
May 4, 2017: Oncotarget
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