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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335079/-a-case-report-of-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease
#1
O V Kurushina, V V Myroshnikova, P S Krivonozhkina
The familial form of the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (ffCJD) refers to a group of rare and severe neurodegenerative diseases associated with pathologic prion protein accumulation. The cause of disease is genetically determined. The disease has a continuously progressive course leading to death in 100% of cases. The symptoms of dementia dominate in the clinical picture. The authors describe a clinical case of subacute dementia in a 32-year-old patient. The disease had a progressive course. A preliminary diagnosis of ffCJD was established after neurological, psychiatric, genetic examinations and dynamic observation...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334247/initiation-of-new-psychotropic-prescriptions-without-a-psychiatric-diagnosis-among-us-adults-rates-correlates-and-national-trends-from-2006-to-2015
#2
Taeho Greg Rhee, Robert A Rosenheck
OBJECTIVES: To estimate rates and national trends of initiation of new psychotropic medications without a psychiatric diagnosis and to identify demographic and clinical correlates independently associated with such use among US adults in outpatient settings. DATA SOURCE: Data were gathered from the 2006-2015 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), a nationally representative sample of office-based U.S. outpatient care. The sample was limited to adults aged 18 or older who received a new psychotropic drug prescription (n = 8618 unweighted)...
October 17, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30323776/new-perspectives-in-phenomenological-psychopathology-its-use-in-psychiatric-treatment
#3
Guilherme Messas, Melissa Tamelini, Milena Mancini, Giovanni Stanghellini
Phenomenological psychopathology is a body of scientific knowledge on which the clinical practice of psychiatry is based since the first decades of the twentieth century, a method to assess the patient's abnormal experiences from their own perspective, and more importantly, a science responsible for delimiting the object of psychiatry. Recently, the frontiers of phenomenological psychopathology have expanded to the productive development of therapeutic strategies that target the whole of existence in their actions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321129/the-changing-face-of-synthetic-cannabinoids-in-texas
#4
Jane Carlisle Maxwell
This article describes the characteristics of individuals who used synthetic cannabinoids and the changes in the user population over time. Data sources include treatment admissions with a primary problem with synthetic cannabinoids reported to the Texas treatment dataset, synthetic cannabinoid exposures reported to the Texas Poison Center Network, and items identified in the National Forensic Laboratory Information System in 2009-2016. Statistically significant trends were identified for race/ethnicity, gender, age, education level, employment status, homelessness, criminal justice problems, use of other substances, lag time between first use and time to treatment, exposure site, chronicity, reason for exposure, and the most common types of cannabinoids...
September 2018: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320468/zebrafish-models-for-personalized-psychiatry-insights-from-individual-strain-and-sex-differences-and-modeling-gene-x-environment-interactions
#5
REVIEW
Andrey D Volgin, Oleg A Yakovlev, Konstantin A Demin, Murilo S de Abreu, Polina A Alekseeva, Ashton J Friend, Anton M Lakstygal, Tamara G Amstislavskaya, Wandong Bao, Cai Song, Allan V Kalueff
Currently becoming widely recognized, personalized psychiatry focuses on unique physiological and genetic profiles of patients to best tailor their therapy. However, the role of individual differences, as well as genetic and environmental factors, in human psychiatric disorders remains poorly understood. Animal experimental models are a valuable tool to improve our understanding of disease pathophysiology and its molecular mechanisms. Due to high reproduction capability, fully sequenced genome, easy gene editing, and high genetic and physiological homology with humans, zebrafish (Danio rerio) are emerging as a novel powerful model in biomedicine...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311959/lithium-valproate-and-carbamazepine-prescribing-patterns-for-long-term-treatment-of-bipolar-i-and-ii-disorders-a-prospective-study
#6
Laura Musetti, Antonio Tundo, Alessandra Benedetti, Gabriele Massimetti, Erika Cambiali, Irene Pergentini, Claudia Del Grande, Liliana Dell'Osso
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the prescription patterns of the mood stabilizers most commonly used for the treatment of bipolar I and II disorders (lithium, valproate, and carbamazepine) and to analyze the treatment outcomes. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty-four outpatients with bipolar disorders receiving prophylactic treatment with lithium, valproate, carbamazepine, or their combination were followed up for at least 18 months in two Italian psychiatric centers specialized in mood disorders...
October 12, 2018: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308575/a-worldwide-survey-of-live-liver-donor-selection-policies-at-24-centers-with-a-combined-experience-of-19-009-adult-living-donor-liver-transplants
#7
A S Soin, R J Chaudhary, H Pahari, E A Pomfret
BACKGROUND: While surgical technique in LDLT has evolved with a focus on donor safety and recipient challenges, the donor selection criteria remain considerably disparate. METHODS: A questionnaire on donor selection was sent to 41 centers worldwide. 24 centers with a combined experience of 19009 LDLTs responded. RESULTS: Centers were categorized into predominantly LDLT (18) or DDLT (6), and high (10) or low volume (14) centers.At the majority of centers, the minimum acceptable GRWR was < 0...
October 11, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307266/cross-validation-of-the-demoralization-construct-in-the-revised-neo-personality-inventory
#8
Amanda A Uliaszek, Nadia Al-Dajani, Martin Sellbom, R Michael Bagby
Demoralization is defined as a pervasive, generalized negative emotional construct present in psychiatric disorders and a variety of medical conditions. Demoralization is also conceptualized as a ubiquitous affective-laden factor common to most forms of psychopathology that increases the magnitude of intercorrelations among putatively distinct psychiatric symptom scales (Tellegen, 1985). Using exploratory structural equation modeling to identify common variance across the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R), a measure of the five-factor model of personality, Noordhof, Sellbom, Eigenhuis, and Kamphuis (2015) constructed an 18-item Demoralization subscale in a Dutch-speaking sample of patients attending a clinic for personality disorders in the Netherlands...
October 11, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304116/community-health-services-and-risk-of-readmission-in-public-psychiatric-hospitals-of-belo-horizonte-brazil-2005-2011
#9
Fernando Madalena Volpe, Isabela Pinto Braga, Eliane Mussel da Silva
INTRODUCTION: The readmission phenomenon in psychiatry not only reflects the severity and chronicity of the underlying disorders, but also indicates the quality of mental healthcare. In the context of the Brazilian mental healthcare reform, no study has included the availability of outpatient care among the potential determinants for psychiatric readmission. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the availability of community healthcare resources at the place of residence with the risk of psychiatric readmission...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295206/parent-reported-child-reactions-to-the-september-11-2001-world-trade-center-attacks-new-york-usa-in-relation-to-parent-post-disaster-psychopathology-three-years-after-the-event
#10
Betty Pfefferbaum, Zorica Simic, Carol S North
IntroductionParents are a primary support for children following disasters, even though they face numerous challenges in addressing the physical and social consequences of an event. Parents who are directly exposed to a disaster and those who develop psychiatric disorders post-event are likely to be especially challenged and may be limited in their ability to support their children. This Brief Report describes a pilot study of survivors of the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center (New York USA) attacks who reported their own psychosocial consequences and the reactions of their children three years post-event...
October 8, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30287268/the-anorexia-nervosa-genetics-initiative-angi-overview-and-methods
#11
Laura M Thornton, Melissa A Munn-Chernoff, Jessica H Baker, Anders Juréus, Richard Parker, Anjali K Henders, Janne T Larsen, Liselotte Petersen, Hunna J Watson, Zeynep Yilmaz, Katherine M Kirk, Scott Gordon, Virpi M Leppä, Felicity C Martin, David C Whiteman, Catherine M Olsen, Thomas M Werge, Nancy L Pedersen, Walter Kaye, Andrew W Bergen, Katherine A Halmi, Michael Strober, Allan S Kaplan, D Blake Woodside, James Mitchell, Craig L Johnson, Harry Brandt, Steven Crawford, L John Horwood, Joseph M Boden, John F Pearson, Laramie E Duncan, Jakob Grove, Manuel Mattheisen, Jennifer Jordan, Martin A Kennedy, Andreas Birgegård, Paul Lichtenstein, Claes Norring, Tracey D Wade, Grant W Montgomery, Nicholas G Martin, Mikael Landén, Preben Bo Mortensen, Patrick F Sullivan, Cynthia M Bulik
BACKGROUND: Genetic factors contribute to anorexia nervosa (AN); and the first genome-wide significant locus has been identified. We describe methods and procedures for the Anorexia Nervosa Genetics Initiative (ANGI), an international collaboration designed to rapidly recruit 13,000 individuals with AN and ancestrally matched controls. We present sample characteristics and the utility of an online eating disorder diagnostic questionnaire suitable for large-scale genetic and population research...
October 1, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30286230/identification-of-baseline-characteristics-associated-with-development-of-depression-among-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Aru Panwar, Katherine Rieke, William J Burke, Harlan Sayles, William M Lydiatt
Importance: Patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) experience increased risk of depression and compromised quality of life. Identifying patients with HNC at risk of depression can help establish targeted interventions. Objective: To identify factors that may be associated with the development of moderate or severe depression during treatment of HNC. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a retrospective, ad hoc, secondary analysis of prospectively collected data from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial...
October 4, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284986/patterns-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-substance-abuse-in-al-qassim-saudi-arabia-a-retrospective-study-at-a-psychiatric-rehabilitation-center
#13
Yasir Ibrahim, Shalam M Hussain, Sulaiman Alnasser, Hesham Almohandes, Ishaque Sarhandi
BACKGROUND: The problem of substance abuse is one of the top 20 risk factors for poor health worldwide. Though widely prevalent in the Middle East, there are few studies in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVE: Record the pattern of substances abuse and the sociodemographic characteristics of abusers attending the local rehabilitation center. DESIGN: Descriptive, retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Patients admitted to psychiatric rehabilitation center...
September 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283868/alternatives-in-assessing-mental-healthcare-disparities-using-the-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system
#14
Jin Liu, Ning Jiang, Amy Z Fan, Rebecca Weissman
Purpose: Identification of mental healthcare disparities through scales or questionnaires is an initial step to improve mental healthcare equity. This study was designed to investigate the performance of a single-item question relative to two psychiatric scales with multiple items in assessing mental healthcare disparities among U.S. adults using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data. Methods: The current depression (CD) and serious psychological distress (SPD) were analyzed in 2010 and 2012 with the BRFSS using two multiple-item scales in selected states...
2018: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282056/community-study-of-outcome-monitoring-for-emotional-disorders-in-teens-comet-a-comparative-effectiveness-trial-of-a-transdiagnostic-treatment-and-a-measurement-feedback-system
#15
Amanda Jensen-Doss, Jill Ehrenreich-May, Monica M Nanda, Colleen A Maxwell, Jamie LoCurto, Ashley M Shaw, Heather Souer, David Rosenfield, Golda S Ginsburg
Emotional disorders, encompassing a range of anxiety and depressive disorders, are the most prevalent and comorbid psychiatric disorders in adolescence. Unfortunately, evidence-based psychosocial therapies typically focus on single disorders, are rarely adopted by community mental health center clinicians, and effect sizes are modest. This article describes the protocol for a comparative effectiveness study of two novel interventions designed to address these challenges. The first intervention is a transdiagnostic treatment (the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders in Adolescents, UP-A), a promising new approach that uses a small number of common strategies to treat a broad range of emotional disorders, and their underlying shared emotional vulnerabilities...
September 30, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30281737/family-burden-among-caregivers-of-people-with-mental-disorders-an-analysis-of-health-services
#16
Sara Cordeiro Eloia, Eliany Nazaré Oliveira, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, José Reginaldo Feijão Parente, Suzana Mara Cordeiro Eloia, Danyela Dos Santos Lima
The objective of this study was to analyze the objective and subjective levels of burden felt by family caregivers of patients who were treated at three institutions: a General Psychosocial Care Center (known as 'CAPS Geral'), a CAPS center for Alcohol and Drugs ('CAPS AD') and the Psychiatric Admissions Unit of a General Hospital ('UIPHG') in the municipality of Sobral, Ceara State, Brazil. The study included 385 caregivers, 216 of whom were in the CAPS Geral, 86 in the CAPS AD and 83 in the UPHG, and applied the Family Burden Interview Scale (FBIS-BR)...
September 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30281710/association-between-the-employment-status-and-the-presence-of-depressive-symptoms-in-men-and-women-in-mexico
#17
Julián Alfredo Fernández-Niño, Laura Juliana Bonilla-Tinoco, Claudia Iveth Astudillo-García, Edgar Fabián Manrique-Hernández, Vanesa Giraldo-Gartner
This study aims to estimate the relationship between employment status and depressive symptoms among Mexican adults, as well as to explore its differential effect by gender. Cross-sectional study of 36,516 adults between 20 and 59 years of age taken from the 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey. Depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the employment status was determined a week before the survey. Logistic regression models were stratified by gender and education level and adjusted by sociodemographic and health-related conditions to estimate the association between depressive symptoms and employment status...
September 21, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30281588/violence-detection-in-surveillance-video-using-low-level-features
#18
Peipei Zhou, Qinghai Ding, Haibo Luo, Xinglin Hou
It is very important to automatically detect violent behaviors in video surveillance scenarios, for instance, railway stations, gymnasiums and psychiatric centers. However, the previous detection methods usually extract descriptors around the spatiotemporal interesting points or extract statistic features in the motion regions, leading to limited abilities to effectively detect video-based violence activities. To address this issue, we propose a novel method to detect violence sequences. Firstly, the motion regions are segmented according to the distribution of optical flow fields...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30278436/laitinen-s-subgenual-cingulotomy-anatomical-location-and-case-report
#19
Antti Huotarinen, Riku Kivisaari, Marwan Hariz
BACKGROUND: The widespread use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for movement disorders has renewed the interest in DBS for psychiatric disorders. Lauri Laitinen was a pioneer of stereotactic psychosurgery in the 1950s to 1970s, especially by introducing the subgenual cingulotomy. Our aim here was to verify the anatomical target used by Laitinen, to report on a patient who underwent this procedure, and to review the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of Helsinki University Hospital were searched for psychosurgical cases performed between 1970 and 1974...
October 2, 2018: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30277435/gold-award-integrated-psychiatric-treatment-for-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence-at-the-bronx-family-justice-center
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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