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J J Feng, L An, Z F Wang, L L Zhan, X Xu
Objective: To master the status of ophthalmic human resource allocation and service delivery at county level in Mainland China, and to provide the basis for strengthening the construction of grassroots ophthalmic personnel team and formulating feasible medium and long-term eye health plans. Methods: All the medical institutions that provided ophthalmic service at county level or above were investigated by online reporting. This study only included medical institutions at county level. Descriptive statistics were used...
December 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Olavi Pärssinen, Markku Kauppinen
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of the definition of high myopia on its prevalence and risk factors for high myopia. METHODS: A total of 240 myopic schoolchildren (119 boys and 121 girls) at the mean age of 10.9 years (range 8.8-12.8 years) were recruited to a randomized clinical trial of myopia treatment among children from 3rd- and 5th grades of school referred for an eye examination due to poor distant vision and having no previous spectacles. Clinical follow-ups, including refraction with cycloplegia, were conducted annually at 3 years [third follow-up here = clinical follow-up 1, (n = 237)], and thereafter twice at approximately 10-year intervals [clinical follow-ups 2 (n = 179) and 3, (n = 134)]...
November 20, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Heba Ghazal, Judy Ahmadouk, Sumayya Dhanji, Amani El-Bushra, Reem Kayyali, Amr ElShaer
Contact lenses (CLs) designed to deliver medication gradually to the eye are being developed and investigated for the use in ocular drug delivery. The aim of the current research is to determine patients' acceptance of the use of lenses for ocular drug delivery. In addition, the study aimed to seek the views and perceptions of healthcare professionals (HCPs) on CLs as a method of ocular drug delivery and whether it will be prescribed to treat ocular conditions. This was a cross-sectional survey targeted at patients and HCPs...
November 13, 2018: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
Oliver Kolbe, Stephan Degle
SIGNIFICANCE: Computer-specific progressive addition lenses (PC-PALs) are shown to reduce computer vision syndrome (CVS) symptoms, increase visual comfort and tolerance, and improve body posture at the personal computer. They are highly preferred by computer workers. Increasing their use may aid prevention measures within the workplace health management. PURPOSE: This study investigates whether technical differences between general-purpose progressive addition lenses (GP-PALs) and PC-PALs are subjectively manifest in CVS...
November 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Alan Cunningham, Ajay Kotagiri
BACKGROUND: Dense Deposit Disease is a rare condition affecting the Bruch's membrane and the glomerular basement membrane. We report the progression of the ocular manifestations over a 30 year follow up period, longer than any previous report. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44 year old male presented with pigmentary changes at the macula noted by his optician. Best corrected visual acuity at presentation was good in both eyes. Fundoscopy showed pigmentary changes and drusen, and investigation using intravenous fundus fluorescein angiography did not demonstrate any choroidal neovascular membrane...
September 14, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
N I Vishniakov, D I Kicha, L V Kochorova, O G Nikitina
The restriction of accessibility of primary specialized ophthalmologic medical care in polyclinics remains to be a main problem of its organization for population of large megalopolises. At that, similar medical services are actively provided by commercial optician's rooms. The purpose of study is to analyze perspectives of organization of primary specialized ophthalmologic medical sanitary care of population in large megalopolis. The questionnaire survey was carried out. The sampling included 4,248 patients of municipal polyclinics and 120 patients of ophthalmologic rooms of commercial opticians...
May 2018: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Rossella Anzidei, Guillermo De La Mata, James Deane
A 78-year-old woman was referred by an optician for an incidental finding of peripapillary naevus in the absence of visual symptoms. On examination, the right eye showed a choroidal naevus of around 1.5 disc diameter, adjacent to the optic disc. Optical coherence tomography detected the presence of pigment epithelium detachment and subretinal fluid within the context of the naevus. Fundus fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green showed multiple polypoidal lesions (Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy, PCV) in the choroid within the spectrum of a pachychoroid, without any sign of malignancy related to neovascularisation...
July 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Nadira Bibi Mothojakan, Shazia Hussain, Kieran McCafferty, Mohammed Magdi Yaqoob, Tahseen Ahmad Chowdhury
AIM: To determine if retinal and foot checks are carried out on patients with diabetes receiving haemodialysis. METHODS: Eighty-four patients with diabetes receiving haemodialysis were asked if they recalled having eye and foot screening in the last year, and if so, by whom was the check done. RESULTS: Seventy-seven (91.7%) patients recalled having an eye check in the preceding 12 mo. Of these, 52 (67.5%) did so in an ophthalmology clinic, 17 (22%) in retinal screening, three (3...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
Cathal T Gallagher, Chhayal Dhokia
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess if the GOC considers relevant factors at all stages of its deliberations into misconduct, as required by the determinations in the cases of Cohen, Zygmunt, and Azzam, and to assess whether those circumstances described in the Hearings Guidance and Indicative Sanctions as warranting removal of an optician from the relevant registers lead to that outcome. Design/methodology/approach The consideration of specific factors in determining impairment of fitness to practise was compared with their subsequent consideration when determining the severity of sanction...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
S Terrier de la Chaise, A Criton, J-P Berrod, J-M Boivin
BACKGROUND: Currently, renouncement to healthcare by socially "at-risk" patients continues to increase and access to ophthalmological care is complex. The main objective of this study is to test the feasibility of a complete organised care network allowing facilitated access to ophthalmological care for patients living in socially "at-risk" situations. METHOD: A prospective interventional study was conducted within four social housing infrastructures to screen for vision problems in the "at-risk" socially population in question...
September 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Haixiang Hu, Xin Zhang, Virginia Ford, Xiao Luo, Erhui Qi, Xuefeng Zeng, Xuejun Zhang
Edge effect is regarded as one of the most difficult technical issues in a computer controlled optical surfacing (CCOS) process. Traditional opticians have to even up the consequences of the two following cases. Operating CCOS in a large overhang condition affects the accuracy of material removal, while in a small overhang condition, it achieves a more accurate performance, but leaves a narrow rolled-up edge, which takes time and effort to remove. In order to control the edge residuals in the latter case, we present a new concept of the 'heterocercal' tool influence function (TIF)...
November 14, 2016: Optics Express
M Violato, H Dakin, U Chakravarthy, B C Reeves, T Peto, R E Hogg, S P Harding, L J Scott, J Taylor, H Cappel-Porter, N Mills, D O'Reilly, C A Rogers, S Wordsworth
OBJECTIVES: To assess the cost-effectiveness of optometrist-led follow-up monitoring reviews for patients with quiescent neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) in community settings (including high street opticians) compared with ophthalmologist-led reviews in hospitals. DESIGN: A model-based cost-effectiveness analysis with a 4-week time horizon, based on a 'virtual' non-inferiority randomised trial designed to emulate a parallel group design. SETTING: A virtual internet-based clinical assessment, conducted at community optometry practices, and hospital ophthalmology clinics...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
Oluwatobi Olalekan Idowu, Olufisayo T Aribaba, Adeola Olukorede Onakoya, Adekunle Rotimi-Samuel, Kareem Olatunbosun Musa, Folasade Bolanle Akinsola
BACKGROUND: Presbyopia is an age-related loss of lens accommodation resulting in difficulty in performing near task with attendant effect on the quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of presbyopia and presbyopic spectacle correction coverage among public school teachers in Ifo township, with a view to providing a baseline information that could be useful for advocacy and planning appropriate intervention. STUDY DESIGN: The study was a descriptive, cross-sectional study...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
(no author information available yet)
In brief: Eyesight and clarity of vision are not the only aspects of eye care for athletes. Today's eye care professionals-the opticians, ophthalmologists, and optometrists-must be able to help athletes enhance their performance not only with proper evaluation of visual acuity, but also by providing the most appropriate means of correction and protection for the sport involved. This panel of eye care experts discussed standardized testing, mandatory examinations, screening, types of eye protection for specific sports, and education needs for eye care professionals, coaches, trainers, and athletes...
June 1985: Physician and Sportsmedicine
I Himmelsbach, J Lipinski, M Putzke
BACKGROUND: Visual impairment is a relevant problem of aging. In many cases promising therapeutic options exist but patients are often left with visual deficits, which require a high degree of individualized counseling. This article analyzed which counseling offers can be found by patients and relatives using simple and routine searching via the internet. METHOD: Analyses were performed using colloquial search terms in the search engine Google in order to find counseling options for elderly people with visual impairments available via the internet...
November 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
C E Hagander, G Traber, K Landau, G P Jaggi
BACKGROUND: Glasses for children are recommended and prescribed by different groups of professionals. We set out to compare the prescription practices of ophthalmologists, orthoptists and optometrists/opticians in Switzerland. METHODS: Online questionnaire on the prescription and recommendation of glasses in fictitious cases of children of different ages, refractive values and symptoms. The questionnaire was sent out to members of the Swiss Ophthalmological Society, Swiss Orthoptics and Schweizerischer Berufsverband für Augenoptik und Optometrie...
April 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Wietze E Eizenga, Geert H Blom, Tjerk Wiersma
The 2001 NHG practice guideline on 'Refraction disorders' was revised for the second time in October 2015. The title has been changed to 'Visual symptoms', since besides refraction disorders other conditions such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, cataract and acute eye symptoms are also covered. The ophthalmologist is the specialist to whom GPs refer patients most often. Apart from the GP, ophthalmologist and youth health care physician, various other allied health professions are involved in eye healthcare...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Saleh Al Harby, Tariq Al-Asbali, Rajiv Khandekar
BACKGROUND: The visual and refractive status were assessed for grade 7 students in seven governorates in Oman. The health records were reviewed to assess the rationale for their previous school-based vision screening. METHODS: A representative sample of 7(th) grade students with a refractive error (RE) was examined by optometrists in 2012. Their compliance with spectacle wear was also reviewed. Each student's vision and refractive status in grades 1 and 4 were compared with the status in grade 7...
January 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Michael E Grinton, Maria T Sandinha, David H W Steel
PURPOSE: This report presents a case, which highlights key principles in the pathophysiology of macular holes. It has been hypothesized that anteroposterior (AP) and tangential vitreous traction on the fovea are the primary underlying factors causing macular holes [Nischal and Pearson; in Kanski and Bowling: Clinical Ophthalmology: A Systemic Approach, 2011, pp 629-631]. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) has subsequently corroborated this theory in part but shown that AP vitreofoveal traction is the more common scenario [Steel and Lotery: Eye 2013;27:1-21]...
September 2015: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Susan Jordan, Marie Ellenor Gabe-Walters, Alan Watkins, Ioan Humphreys, Louise Newson, Sherrill Snelgrove, Michael S Dennis
BACKGROUND: People with dementia are susceptible to adverse drug reactions (ADRs). However, they are not always closely monitored for potential problems relating to their medicines: structured nurse-led ADR Profiles have the potential to address this care gap. We aimed to assess the number and nature of clinical problems identified and addressed and changes in prescribing following introduction of nurse-led medicines' monitoring. DESIGN: Pragmatic cohort stepped-wedge cluster Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) of structured nurse-led medicines' monitoring versus usual care...
2015: PloS One
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