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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020865/psychological-consequences-of-human-trafficking-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-trafficked-children
#1
Livia Ottisova, Patrick Smith, Sian Oram
Trafficked children are frequently exposed to multiple traumatic events, including during their recruitment, transit, and exploitation. It has been hypothesized that such exposures can lead to the development of Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Complex PTSD includes (in addition to the core PTSD symptoms of re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal) disturbances in affect regulation, dissociation, self-concept, interpersonal relationships, somatization, and systems of meaning. This historical cohort study aimed to investigate Complex PTSD in trafficked children with a diagnosis of PTSD and compare these with nontrafficked controls exposed to single or multiple trauma...
July 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868234/are-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-distinguishable-within-a-treatment-seeking-sample-of-syrian-refugees-living-in-lebanon
#2
P Hyland, R Ceannt, F Daccache, R Abou Daher, J Sleiman, B Gilmore, S Byrne, M Shevlin, J Murphy, F Vallières
Background: The World Health Organization will publish its 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) in 2018. The ICD-11 will include a refined model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a new diagnosis of complex PTSD (CPTSD). Whereas emerging data supports the validity of these proposals, the discriminant validity of PTSD and CPTSD have yet to be tested amongst a sample of refugees. Methods: Treatment-seeking Syrian refugees ( N  = 110) living in Lebanon completed an Arabic version of the International Trauma Questionnaire ; a measure specifically designed to capture the symptom content of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847848/-inpatient-treatment-of-complex-ptsd-following-childhood-abuse-effectiveness-and-predictors-of-treatment-outcome
#3
Leonhard Kratzer, Peter Heinz, Rebecca Schennach, Günter Karl Schiepek, Frank Padberg, Andrea Jobst
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of studies investigating the effectiveness of inpatient trauma-focused psychotherapy of complex post-traumatic stress disorder. The first aim of this retrospective investigation was to analyze the course of PTSD. Second, possible predictors of treatment response were investigated. METHODS: 150 inpatients of Clinic St. Irmingard with complex PTSD following childhood physical and childhood sexual abuse were assessed regarding childhood abuse, PTSD symptomatology, mindfulness, dissociation and general psychopathology...
May 30, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803077/screening-of-adjustment-disorder-scale-based-on-the-icd-11-and-the-adjustment-disorder-new-module
#4
Menachem Ben-Ezra, Michal Mahat-Shamir, Louisa Lorenz, Osnat Lavenda, Andreas Maercker
In line with ICD-11 new conceptualization of Adjustment disorder (AjD), a self-report Adjustment Disorder-New Module (ADNM) was developed and validated. Nevertheless, the ADNM-20 is a long research tool and potentially problematic in the use in epidemiological and clinical studies. The present study introduces the brief ADNM-8 and the ultra-brief ADNM-4, examines their validity and establishes cut-off scores for their clinical use. The study used a representative national sample of 1003 Israelis who reported on the ICD-11 stress spectrum ranging from AjD, PTSD, complex PTSD and complicated grief...
August 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577450/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-dsm-5-and-icd-11-clinical-and-behavioral-correlates
#5
Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin, Claire Fyvie, Thanos Karatzias
The American Psychiatric Association and the World Health Organization provide distinct trauma-based diagnoses in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5), and the forthcoming 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), respectively. The DSM-5 conceptualizes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a single, broad diagnosis, whereas the ICD-11 proposes two "sibling" disorders: PTSD and complex PTSD (CPTSD). The objectives of the current study were to: (a) compare prevalence rates of PTSD/CPTSD based on each diagnostic system; (b) identify clinical and behavioral variables that distinguish ICD-11 CPTSD and PTSD diagnoses; and (c) examine the diagnostic associations for ICD-11 CPTSD and DSM-5 PTSD...
April 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568727/complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-the-need-to-consolidate-a-distinct-clinical-syndrome-or-to-reevaluate-features-of-psychiatric-disorders-following-interpersonal-trauma
#6
REVIEW
Evangelia Giourou, Maria Skokou, Stuart P Andrew, Konstantina Alexopoulou, Philippos Gourzis, Eleni Jelastopulu
Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (Complex PTSD) has been recently proposed as a distinct clinical entity in the WHO International Classification of Diseases, 11th version, due to be published, two decades after its first initiation. It is described as an enhanced version of the current definition of PTSD, with clinical features of PTSD plus three additional clusters of symptoms namely emotional dysregulation, negative self-cognitions and interpersonal hardship, thus resembling the clinical features commonly encountered in borderline personality disorder (BPD)...
March 22, 2018: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565758/the-disorder-specific-psychological-impairment-in-complex-ptsd-a-flawed-working-model-for-restoration-of-trust
#7
Andreas Laddis
This article methodically gathers concepts and findings from related disciplines to propose that there is a fundamental, disorder-specific psychological impairment, which defines Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as etiologically different from simple PTSD. This impairment is a flawed working model for restoration of trust when one partner fears betrayal. This working model is legacy of childhood relationships with manipulative caretakers who kept the child powerless to test the trustworthiness of their reasons to break promises and to fail the child's expectations...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558341/a-comparison-of-psychological-symptoms-in-survivors-of-sex-and-labor-trafficking
#8
E K Hopper, L D Gonzalez
Human trafficking is a form of interpersonal trauma that has significant mental health impacts on survivors. This study examined psychological symptoms in 131 survivors of sex and labor trafficking, including people trafficked into or within the United States. High rates of depression (71%) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (61%) were identified. Two thirds of survivors also met criteria for multiple categories of Complex PTSD (C-PTSD), including affect dysregulation and impulsivity; alterations in attention and consciousness; changes in interpersonal relationships; revictimization; somatic dysregulation; and alterations in self-perception...
July 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471855/phase-based-treatment-versus-immediate-trauma-focused-treatment-in-patients-with-childhood-trauma-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Noortje I van Vliet, Rafaele J C Huntjens, Maarten K van Dijk, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: The treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to a history of sexual and/or physical abuse in childhood is the subject of international debate, with some favouring a phase-based approach as their preferred treatment, while others argue for immediate trauma-focused treatment. A history of (chronic) traumatisation during childhood has been linked to the development of distinct symptoms that are often labelled as symptoms of complex PTSD. Many therapists associate the presence of symptoms of complex PTSD with a less favourable treatment prognosis...
February 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451956/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-cptsd-as-per-icd-11-proposals-a-population-study-in-israel
#10
Menachem Ben-Ezra, Thanos Karatzias, Philip Hyland, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre, Jonathan I Bisson, Neil P Roberts, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster, Mark Shevlin
BACKGROUND: The current study sought to advance the existing literature by providing the first assessment of the factorial and discriminant validity of the ICD-11 proposals for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) in a nationwide level. METHODS: A nationally representative sample from Israel (n = 1,003) using a disorder-specific measure (ITQ; International Trauma Questionnaire) in order to assess PTSD and CPTSD along with the Life Events Checklist and the World Health Organization Well-Being Index...
March 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421372/icd-11-complex-ptsd-among-israeli-male-perpetrators-of-intimate-partner-violence-construct-validity-and-risk-factors
#11
Ohad Gilbar, Philip Hyland, Marylene Cloitre, Rachel Dekel
The International Classification of Diseases 11th Version (ICD-11) will include Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (CPTSD) as a unique diagnostic entity comprising core PTSD and DSO (disturbances in self-organization) symptoms. The current study had three aims: (1) assessing the validity of CPTSD in a unique population of male perpetrators of intimate partner violence; (2) examining whether exposure to different types of traumatic events would be associated with the two proposed CPTSD factors, namely PTSD or DSO; and (3) assessing the differential association of various sociodemographic and symptom characteristics with each factor...
March 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410776/intensive-prolonged-exposure-therapy-for-chronic-ptsd-patients-following-multiple-trauma-and-multiple-treatment-attempts
#12
Lotte Hendriks, Rianne A de Kleine, Theo G Broekman, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Agnes van Minnen
Background : Suboptimal response and high dropout rates leave room for improvement of trauma-focused treatment (TFT) effectiveness in ameliorating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Objective : To explore the effectiveness and safety of intensive prolonged exposure (iPE) targeting chronic PTSD patients with a likely diagnosis of ICD-11 Complex PTSD following multiple interpersonal trauma and a history of multiple treatment attempts. Method : Participants ( N  = 73) received iPE in 12 × 90-minute sessions over four days (intensive phase) followed by four weekly 90-minute booster prolonged exposure (PE) sessions (booster phase)...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377849/icd-11-prevalence-rates-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-german-nationwide-sample
#13
Andreas Maercker, Tobias Hecker, Mareike Augsburger, Sören Kliem
Prevalence rates are still lacking for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) diagnoses based on the new ICD-11 criteria. In a nationwide representative German sample (N = 2524; 14-99 years), exposure to traumatic events and symptoms of PTSD or CPTSD were assessed with the International Trauma Questionnaire. A clinical variant of CPTSD with a lower threshold for core PTSD symptoms was also calculated, in addition to conditional prevalence rates dependent on trauma type and differential predictors...
April 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372014/a-psychometric-assessment-of-disturbances-in-self-organization-symptom-indicators-for-icd-11-complex-ptsd-using-the-international-trauma-questionnaire
#14
Mark Shevlin, Philip Hyland, Neil P Roberts, Jonathan I Bisson, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre
Background : Two 'sibling disorders' have been proposed for the 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11): Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). To date, no research has attempted to identify the optimal symptom indicators for the 'Disturbances in Self-Organization' (DSO) symptom cluster. Objective : The aim of the current study was to assess the psychometric performance of scores of 16 potential DSO symptom indicators from the International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ)...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351709/-validation-of-the-screening-for-complex-ptsd-skptbs-revision
#15
Florence Dorr, Martin Sack, Jürgen Bengel
BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop further a screening instrument for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (cPTSD). The screening for cPTSD (SkPTBS) tests a) potential traumatic experiences, b) influential features and risk factors, and c) symptoms of cPTSD. The SkPTBS by Dorr et al. (2016) was revised according to the current ICD-11 criteria set proposal for cPTSD and is explored in its revised edition. METHOD: Impacts of long-lasting interpersonal trauma were tested in inpatients of psychosomatic rehabilitation and in patients consulting a university outpatient center for trauma therapy...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160557/the-complex-trauma-inventory-a-self-report-measure-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#16
Justin M Litvin, Patricia L Kaminski, Shelley A Riggs
The work group revising the criteria for trauma-related disorders in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) made several changes. Specifically, they simplified the criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and added a new trauma disorder called complex PTSD (CPTSD). These proposed changes to taxonomy require new instruments to assess these novel constructs. We developed a measure of PTSD and CPTSD (the Complex Trauma Inventory; CTI) according to the proposed domains, creating several items to assess each domain...
December 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143951/-matched-care-for-complex-ptsd-what-works-for-whom
#17
E Dorrepaal, K Thomaes, D J Veltman, A J L M van Balkom, N Draijer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143950/-the-effect-of-a-short-term-group-stabilisation-training-in-patients-with-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
G Beldman, H H L M Kessels, I W de Groot
The international guideline for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (ptsd) from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (istss) recommends treatment in phases, starting with stabilisation treatment. Different forms of stabilisation training have been developed the past few years, one being short-term group stabilisation training.<br/> AIM: To map out the effects of the short-term group training.<br/> METHOD: The research implemented a pre-post design. The training consisted of five group sessions...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057522/intensive-prolonged-exposure-treatment-for-adolescent-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-single-trial-design
#19
Lotte Hendriks, Rianne A de Kleine, Mieke Heyvaert, Eni S Becker, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Agnes van Minnen
BACKGROUND: The current study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of intensive prolonged exposure (PE) targeting adolescent patients with complex posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid disorders following multiple interpersonal trauma. METHODS: Ten adolescents meeting full diagnostic criteria for PTSD were recruited from a specialized outpatient mental health clinic and offered a standardized intensive PE. The intensive PE consisted of three daily 90-min exposure sessions delivered on five consecutive weekdays, followed by 3 weekly 90-min booster sessions...
November 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029837/a-review-of-current-evidence-regarding-the-icd-11-proposals-for-diagnosing-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd
#20
REVIEW
Chris R Brewin, Marylène Cloitre, Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin, Andreas Maercker, Richard A Bryant, Asma Humayun, Lynne M Jones, Ashraf Kagee, Cécile Rousseau, Daya Somasundaram, Yuriko Suzuki, Simon Wessely, Mark van Ommeren, Geoffrey M Reed
The World Health Organization's proposals for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases, scheduled for release in 2018, involve a very brief set of symptoms and a distinction between two sibling disorders, PTSD and Complex PTSD. This review of studies conducted to test the validity and implications of the diagnostic proposals generally supports the proposed 3-factor structure of PTSD symptoms, the 6-factor structure of Complex PTSD symptoms, and the distinction between PTSD and Complex PTSD...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
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