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zinc phosphate

Gaurav Kumar
Zn2+ -Phos-tag SDS-PAGE at neutral pH is a novel and simple method for analysis and separation of phosphorylated forms of proteins from their nonphosphorylated forms. This technique exploits the use of a dinuclear metal complex of 1,3-bis[bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)amino]propan-2-olate which acts as a phosphate-binding tag, having the capacity to incorporate two zinc metal ions which could then bind to phosphomonoester dianion as a bridging ligand. The acrylamide-pendant Zn2+ -Phos-tag provides a phosphate affinity on simple SDS-PAGE gel for detection of mobility shift in phosphorylated proteins as compared to their nonphosphorylated forms...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Alejandro I Lorenzo-Pouso, Pablo Galindo-Moreno, Fernando Muñoz-Guzón, Antonio González-Cantalapiedra, Mónica López-Peña, Manuel Somoza-Martín, Mercedes Gallas-Torreira, Abel García-García
This study compared the in vivo behavior of two biomaterials, xenograft (Bio-Oss® ) and alloplastic tricalcium phosphate (Sil-Oss® ), vs a control (no biomaterial) in beagle dogs treated with guided bone regeneration (GBR). Six male adult beagle dogs were included. The third and fourth mandibular premolars and first mandibular molars (3P3, 4P4 and 1M1) on both sides were extracted. After 12 weeks of healing, Straumann implants (3.3 × 8 mm) were placed, performing standardized defects (3.3 × 6 mm) in the vestibular aspect of the alveolar bone...
August 9, 2018: Odontology
Sabrina Feitosa, Ralf Greiner, Ann-Katrin Meinhardt, Alexandra Müller, Deusdélia T Almeida, Clemens Posten
Micronutrient deficiencies are a major public health problem. Beans are an important plant-based source of iron, zinc and copper, but their absorption is reduced in the presence of anti-nutrients such as phytates, polyphenols and tannins. Soaking and discarding the soaking water before cooking is unanimously recommended, but this can result in mineral loss. Data on the consequences for mineral bioaccessibility is still limited. This study aimed to evaluate iron, zinc and copper bioaccessibility in black beans cooked (regular pan, pressure cooker) with and without the soaking water...
July 31, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Bijan Esmaeilnejad, Mousa Tavassoli, Awat Samiei, Nasser Hajipour, Abbas Imani-Baran, Farhad Farhang-Pajuh
This study was undertaken to assess the influence of an Anaplasma marginale infection on oxidative stress and antioxidant status, trace elements and cholinesterase as markers of the inflammatory process and biomarkers of oxidative imbalance. An infected group comprised of 35 crossbred Holstein cattle, about 2-3 years old, naturally infected with Anaplasma marginale, were divided into 4 subgroups according to their parasitemia rates (<1%, 1-10%, 10-20%, >20%) and also 10 healthy cattle as control were selected...
July 29, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Elliott Jennings, Diego Esposito, Katrin Rittinger, Teresa L M Thurston
The closely related type III secretion system zinc metalloprotease effector proteins GtgA, GogA, and PipA are translocated into host cells during Salmonella infection. They then cleave nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) transcription factor subunits, dampening activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway and thereby suppressing host immune responses. We demonstrate here that GtgA, GogA, and PipA cleave a subset of NF-κB subunits including p65, RelB, and cRel but not NF-κB1 and NF-κB2, whereas the functionally similar type III secretion system effector NleC of enteropathogenic and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli cleaved all five NF-κB subunits...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ramandeep Vilkhu, Wesley Joo-Chen Thio, Piya Das Ghatak, Chandan K Sen, Anne C Co, Asimina Kiourti
We report a new class of textiles with electrochemical functions which, when moistened by a conductive liquid (saline solution, sweat, wound fluid, etc.), generate DC voltage and current levels capable of powering wearable electronics on the go. Contrary to previously reported power generation techniques, the proposed fabrics are fully flexible, feel and behave like regular clothing, do not include any rigid components, and provide DC power via moistening by readily available liquids. Our approach entails printed battery cells that are composed of silver and zinc electrodes deposited onto a polyester fabric to generate power in the microwatt range...
2018: IEEE Access: Practical Innovations, Open Solutions
Setu Bazie Tagele, Sang Woo Kim, Hyun Gu Lee, Hyun Seung Kim, Youn Su Lee
Plant growth promoting (PGP) bacteria enhance plant growth and are a green alternative to chemical fertilizers. In our study, an effective plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) strain, KNU17BI1, was isolated from rhizospheric soil of maize, South Korea. The strain was tested in vitro for specific PGP and antifungal traits, such as phosphate solubilization, zinc solubilization, indole acetic acid (IAA) production, ammonia production, nitrogen fixation, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase activity, siderophore hydrogen cyanide production (HCN) and hydrolytic enzyme activity...
September 2018: Microbiological Research
Christoph Döhler, Matthias Zebisch, Norbert Sträter
Ectonucleotide phosphodiesterase/pyrophosphatase-3 (NPP3) is a membrane-bound glycoprotein that regulates extracellular levels of nucleotides. NPP3 is known to contribute to the immune response on basophils by hydrolyzing ATP and to regulate the glycosyltransferase activity in Neuro2a cells. Here, we report on crystal structures of the nuclease and phosphodiesterase domains of rat NPP3 in complex with different substrates, products and substrate analogs giving insight into details of the catalytic mechanism...
July 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rosalind S Gibson, Victor Raboy, Janet C King
Plant-based diets in low-income countries (LICs) have a high content of phytic acid (myo-inositol hexaphosphate [InsP6]) and associated magnesium, potassium, and calcium salts. Together, InsP6 acid and its salts are termed "phytate" and are potent inhibitors of iron and zinc absorption. Traditional food processing can reduce the InsP6 content through loss of water-soluble phytate or through phytase hydrolysis to lower myo-inositol phosphate forms that no longer inhibit iron and zinc absorption. Hence, some processing practices can reduce the need for high-dose iron fortificants in plant-based diets and alleviate safety concerns...
July 13, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
Nadia Abdel-Magied, Amal A Gharib, Nahed Abo Zid
PURPOSE: To evaluate the radioprotective efficacy of date (Phoenix dactylifera) pits extract (DPE) against γ-irradiation induced liver damage in the male albino rats. For this study, 30-day survival, dose reduction factor (DRF), antioxidant status and some biochemical changes in the serum and hepatic tissue were evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To calculate 30-day survival, median lethal dose of 30 days (LD50/30) and DRF, DPE was orally administered to rats for 21 days before irradiation with different doses (5, 6, 8, 10 and 12 Gy) of γ-rays and the rats were observed for 30 days post- irradiation...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Fenghui Wu, Yan-Qiu An, Yanrong An, Xiu-Juan Wang, Zeng-Yan Cheng, Yue Zhang, Xinwei Hou, Chang-Xia Chen, Li Wang, Ji-Gang Bai
Ferulic acid (FA) and p -hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA) are main phenolic compounds accumulated in rhizosphere of continuously cropped cucumber, causing stress in plants. Microbial degradation of a mixture of FA and PHBA is not well understood in soil. We isolated a strain CSY-P13 of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus , inoculated it into soil to protect cucumber from FA and PHBA stress, and explored a mechanism underlying the protection. CSY-P13 effectively degraded a mixture of FA and PHBA in culture solution under conditions of 39...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Mohammad Yaghoubi Khanghahi, Patrizia Ricciuti, Ignazio Allegretta, Roberto Terzano, Carmine Crecchio
In this research, the optimum growth conditions for two zinc solubilizing bacteria (ZSB) have been studied for their potential application as bioinoculants to overcome Zn unavailability in soils. For this purpose, a laboratory-scale experiment was carried out to evaluate the zinc solubilizing ability of 80 plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) strains isolated from the rhizosphere of barley and tomato plants. To select effective ZSB, isolates were evaluated on Tris-mineral medium supplemented separately with zinc oxide, zinc carbonate, and zinc phosphate at a concentration of 0...
June 29, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ligang Yu, Qiong Wang, Ka-Wing Yeung, Wing-Ping Fong, Pui-Chi Lo
A biotinylated glutathione (GSH)-responsive zinc(II) phthalocyanine has been prepared and characterized. With a 2,4-dinitrobenzenesulfonyl moiety, its fluorescence emission and singlet oxygen generation were silenced in its intact state. Upon exposure to high concentration of GSH, its photosensitizing properties were restored in phosphate buffered saline and inside tumor cells. It also showed preferential uptake in HepG2 human hepatocarcinoma cells (with higher biotin receptor expression) rather than Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells (with lower biotin receptor expression)...
June 28, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
N L N Broge, G Philippot, B B Iversen, C Aymonier
Synthesis of phase pure hopeite pigment through a solvothermal flow method is reported here for the first time. The products show two-step dehydration behaviour from thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and a higher degree of purity and homogeniety than commercial zinc phosphate pigment. By increasing the reaction temperature stepwise from room temperature to 350 °C it was possible to decrease the size of the individual crystallite sheets and to tune their packing into larger assemblies. The conversion of reactants to product proved to be significantly higher at increased temperature with a measured yield of 98...
July 10, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Sidra Iftekhar, Mehmet Emin Küçük, Varsha Srivastava, Eveliina Repo, Mika Sillanpää
In this study, a series of layered double hydroxide (ZxAy LDH) material was synthesized with different molar ratios and calcination temperatures to remove phosphate and sulfate ions from synthetic solution. ZxAy LDH was characterized by XRD, FTIR, BET and SEM analysis. The highest removal was obtained by Z3A200 LDH that is LDH with a Zn-Al molar ratio of 3 and calcined at 200 °C. The leaching of Zn and Al was more under highly acidic pH compared to pH 5 and 8. Adsorption isotherms data had a good fit with Langmuir model and maximum adsorption under optimum conditions led to 2...
June 18, 2018: Chemosphere
Shuai Liu, Jixiang Yang, Huiting Jia, Hao Zhou, Jiatong Chen, Tianying Guo
Virus-inspired mimics for gene therapy have attracted increasing attention because viral vectors show robust efficacy owing to the highly infectious nature and efficient endosomal escape. Nonetheless, until now, synthetic materials have failed to achieve high "infectivity," and especially, the mimicking of virus spikes for "infection" is underappreciated. Herein, a virus spike mimic by a zinc (Zn) coordinative ligand that shows high affinity toward phosphate-rich cell membranes is reported...
July 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Franziska Just, Henry Reyer, Eduard Muráni, Siriluck Ponsuksili, Michael Oster, Klaus Wimmers
Calcium and phosphorus are irreplaceable components of life. Tracking the fate of calcium and phosphorus in organisms deserves high attention due to their relevance in bone metabolism and subsequently animal health. Indeed, bone serves as reservoir for calcium and phosphorus, whose formation and resorption follow specific molecular routes including hormones, receptors, and transcription factors. The objective of the study was to analyze the genetic variation of major components driving mineral utilization such as calcitonin receptor, calcium sensing receptor, fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), parathyroid hormone receptor, osteopontin, stanniocalcin 1, RAF-type zinc finger domain containing 1 (TRAFD1), and vitamin D receptor...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Applied Genetics
Iman Parisay, Yegane Khazaei
Background: Stainless steel crown (SSC) is the most reliable restoration for primary teeth with extensive caries. Retention is of great importance for a successful restoration and is provided by various factors such as luting cements. The aim of this study was to evaluate the retentive strength of SSC cemented with four different luting cements. Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study, A total of 55 extracted primary first molars were selected. Following crown selection and cementation (one with no cement and four groups cemented with resin, glass ionomer, zinc phosphate, and polycarboxylate), all the specimens were incubated and thermocycled in 5°C-55°C...
May 2018: Dental Research Journal
Yuji Mikata, Risa Ohnishi, Risa Nishijima, Arimasa Matsumoto, Hideo Konno
Dinuclear Zn2+ complexes with HTQHPN ( N,N,N' ,N'-tetrakis(2-quinolylmethyl)-2-hydroxy-1,3-propanediamine) derivatives have been prepared, and their pyrophosphate (PPi, P2 O7 4- ) sensing properties were examined. The ligand library includes six HTQHPN derivatives with electron-donating/withdrawing substituents, an extended aromatic ring, and six-membered chelates upon zinc binding. Complexation of ligand with 2 equiv of Zn2+ promotes small to moderate fluorescence enhancement around 380 nm, but in the cases of HTQHPN, HT(6-FQ)HPN ( N,N,N' ,N'-tetrakis(6-fluoro-2-quinolylmethyl)-2-hydroxy-1,3-propanediamine), and HT(8Q)HPN ( N,N,N' ,N'-tetrakis(8-quinolylmethyl)-2-hydroxy-1,3-propanediamine), subsequent addition of PPi induced a significant fluorescence increase around 450 nm...
July 2, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Manuel Toledano-Osorio, Jegdish P Babu, Raquel Osorio, Antonio L Medina-Castillo, Franklin García-Godoy, Manuel Toledano
Polymeric nanoparticles were modified to exert antimicrobial activity against oral bacteria. Nanoparticles were loaded with calcium, zinc and doxycycline. Ions and doxycycline release were measured by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer and high performance liquid chromatography. Porphyromonas gingivalis , Lactobacillus lactis , Streptoccocus mutans , gordonii and sobrinus were grown and the number of bacteria was determined by optical density. Nanoparticles were suspended in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) at 10, 1 and 0...
June 14, 2018: Materials
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