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Esra Nurten Yer, Mehmet Cengiz Baloglu, Sezgin Ayan
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) play a key role for regulation of the changes during different stress conditions including salinity, drought, heavy metal and extreme temperature. Molecular based studies on the response mechanisms of forest trees to abiotic stresses started in 2006 when Populus trichocarpa genome sequence was completed as a model tree species. In recent years, bioinformatic analyzes have been carried out to determine functional gene regions of tree species. In this study, sHsp, Hsp40, Hsp60, Hsp90 and Hsp100 gene family members were identified in poplar genome...
August 12, 2018: Gene
Xuena Huang, Shiguo Li, Yangchun Gao, Aibin Zhan
Biological response to rapid changing environments is an outstanding research question in ecology and evolution. Biological invasions provide excellent "natural" experiments to study such a complex response process, as invaders often encounter rapidly changing environments during biological invasions. The regulation of heat shock proteins (Hsp) is a common pathway responsible for various environmental stresses; however, the comprehensive study on Hsp system across the whole genome and potential roles in determining invasion success are still largely unexplored...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Zheng-Gang Han, Ji-Wen Zhang, Xiao-Fang Jiang, Jiang-Ke Yang
The α-galactosidases, which can catalyze the removal of α-1,6-linked terminal galactose residues from galactooligosaccharide materials, have good potential for industrial applications. The high-level and efficient secretion of the α-galactosidases into the extracellular space has greatly simplified the downstream bioengineering process, facilitating their bioapplications. In this study, the effects of gene dosage and endoplasmic reticulum secretion-associated factors (ERSAs) on the secretory expression of an α-galactosidase gene derived from a Aspergillus oryzae strain were investigated by constructing multicopy expression cassettes and coexpressing the α-galactosidase gene with ERSAs...
August 11, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
Yu-Syuan Chen, Ching-Wen Chang, Yeou-Guang Tsay, Liu-Ying Huang, Yi-Chen Wu, Li-Hao Cheng, Cheng-Chieh Yang, Cheng-Hsien Wu, Wan-Huai Teo, Kai-Feng Hung, Chih-Yang Huang, Te-Chang Lee, Jeng-Fan Lo
Human tumorous imaginal disc (Tid1), a DnaJ co-chaperone protein, is classified as a tumor suppressor. Previously, we demonstrated that Tid1 reduces head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) malignancy. However, the molecular details of Tid1-mediated anti-metastasis remain elusive. Methods: We used affinity chromatography and systemic mass spectrometry to identify Tid1-interacting client proteins. Immunohistochemical staining of Tid1 in HNSCC patient tissues was examined to evaluate the association between the expression profile of Tid1-interacting client proteins with pathologic features and prognosis...
2018: Theranostics
Jinqiang Huang, Yongjuan Li, Zhe Liu, Yujun Kang, Jianfu Wang
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) are widely cultured throughout the word for commercial aquaculture. However, as a cold-water species, rainbow trout are highly susceptible to heat stress, which may cause pathological signs or diseases by alleviating the immune roles and then lead to mass mortality. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that occur in the rainbow trout in response to heat stress will be useful to decrease heat stress-related morbidity and mortality in trout aquaculture. In the present study, we conducted transcriptome analysis of head kidney tissue in rainbow trout under heat-stress (24 °C) and control (18 °C) conditions, to identify heat stress-induced genes and pathways...
August 2, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Alexander Rebl, Marieke Verleih, Mareen Nipkow, Simone Altmann, Ralf Bochert, Tom Goldammer
The complex and still poorly understood nature of thermoregulation in various fish species complicates the determination of the physiological status on the basis of diagnostic marker genes and indicative molecular pathways. The present study aimed to compare the physiological impacts of both gradual and acute temperature rise from 18 to 24°C on maraena whitefish in aquaculture. Microarray-based transcriptome profiles in the liver, spleen and kidney of heat-stressed maraena whitefish revealed the modulation of a significantly higher number of genes in those groups exposed to gradually rising temperatures compared with the acutely stressed groups, which might reflect early adaptation mechanisms...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Juhyung Lee, Xu Yue, Ting Zhang, Lei Cui, Layla Saidi, Yihong Ye
In eukaryotic cells, elimination of misfolded proteins is essential for maintaining protein homeostasis and cell viability. Misfolding-associated protein secretion (MAPS) is a protein quality-control mechanism that exports misfolded cytosolic proteins via a compartment characteristic of late endosomes, but how cytosolic proteins enter this compartment is unclear. Since chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) is a known mechanism that imports cytosolic proteins bearing a specific CMA motif to lysosomes for degradation and because late endosomes and lysosome overlap significantly in mammalian cells, we have determined here whether CMA is involved in targeting protein cargoes to the lumen of late endosomes in MAPS...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Zhong-Yuan Li, Jing Lu, Nian-Zhang Zhang, Hany M Elsheikha, Jun-Ling Hou, Hai-Ting Guo, Xing-Quan Zhu
Toxoplasma gondii causes one of the most common protozoal diseases of humans and animals worldwide. With the aim of designing an effective vaccine against T. gondii infection, we examined the immunogenicity of a DNA vaccine expressing heat shock protein 40 (HSP40) against challenge with T. gondii (type I RH and type II Pru) strains in Kunming mice. The plasmid pVAX1-HSP40 was constructed and used to immunize mice by intramuscular injection for three sequential immunizations with two-week intervals. This immunization regimen significantly reduced parasite cyst burden in pVAX1-HSP40-immunized mice (1871...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
Tobias Jores, Jannis Lawatscheck, Viktor Beke, Mirita Franz-Wachtel, Kaori Yunoki, Julia C Fitzgerald, Boris Macek, Toshiya Endo, Hubert Kalbacher, Johannes Buchner, Doron Rapaport
Mitochondrial β-barrel proteins are encoded in the nucleus, translated by cytosolic ribosomes, and then imported into the organelle. Recently, a detailed understanding of the intramitochondrial import pathway of β-barrel proteins was obtained. In contrast, it is still completely unclear how newly synthesized β-barrel proteins reach the mitochondrial surface in an import-competent conformation. In this study, we show that cytosolic Hsp70 chaperones and their Hsp40 cochaperones Ydj1 and Sis1 interact with newly synthesized β-barrel proteins...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Cell Biology
Brigitte Picard, Mohammed Gagaoua, Marwa Al-Jammas, Leanne De Koning, Albéric Valais, Muriel Bonnet
Tenderness and intramuscular fat content are key attributes for beef sensory qualities. Recently some proteomic analysis revealed several proteins which are considered as good biomarkers of these quality traits. This study focuses on the analysis of 20 of these proteins representative of several biological functions: muscle structure and ultrastructure, muscle energetic metabolism, cellular stress and apoptosis. The relative abundance of the proteins was measured by Reverse Phase Protein Array (RPPA) in five muscles known to have different tenderness and intramuscular lipid contents: Longissimus thoracis (LT), Semimembranosus (SM), Rectus abdominis (RA), Triceps brachii (TB) and Semitendinosus (ST)...
2018: PeerJ
Jie Yang, Muxing Liu, Xinyu Liu, Ziyi Yin, Yi Sun, Haifeng Zhang, Xiaobo Zheng, Ping Wang, Zhengguang Zhang
The mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase MoMkk1 governs the cell wall integrity (CWI) pathway in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. To understand the underlying mechanism, we have identified MoSsb1 as one of the MoMkk1-interacting proteins. MoSsb1 is a stress-seventy subfamily B (Ssb) protein homolog, sharing high amino acid sequence homology with the 70-kDa heat shock proteins (Hsp70s). Hsp70 proteins are a family of conserved and ubiquitously expressed chaperones that regulate protein biogenesis by promoting protein folding, preventing protein aggregation and controlling protein degradation...
June 5, 2018: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
Kosuke Okazaki, Hiroaki Kato, Tetsushi Iida, Kaori Shinmyozu, Jun-Ichi Nakayama, Yota Murakami, Takeshi Urano
BACKGROUND: Heat-shock molecular chaperone proteins (Hsps) promote the loading of small interfering RNA (siRNA) onto RNA interference (RNAi) effector complexes. While the RNAi process is coupled with heterochromatin assembly in several model organisms, it remains unclear whether the Hsps contribute to epigenetic gene regulation. In this study, we used the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe as a model organism and investigated the roles of Hsp90 and Mas5 (a nucleocytoplasmic type-I Hsp40 protein) in RNAi-dependent heterochromatin assembly...
June 4, 2018: Epigenetics & Chromatin
Zhonglei Zhang, Yalin Ma, Shaowen Guo, Yi He, Gang Bai, Wenjun Zhang
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has positive effects on osteogenic differentiation. However, the effect of LIPUS on osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) is unclear. In the present study, we investigated whether LIPUS could promote the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hASCs. hASCs were isolated and osteogenically induced with LIPUS stimulation at 20 and 30 mW cm-2 for 30 min day-1 Cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation potential of hASCs were respectively analyzed by cell counting kit-8 assay, Alizarin Red S staining, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and Western blotting...
May 29, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Kotaro Tsuboyama, Hisashi Tadakuma, Yukihide Tomari
Loading of small RNAs into Argonaute, the core protein in RNA silencing, requires the Hsp70/Hsp90 chaperone machinery. This machinery also activates many other clients, including steroid hormone receptors and kinases, but how their structures change during chaperone-dependent activation remains unclear. Here, we utilized single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (smFRET) to probe the conformational changes of Drosophila Ago2 mediated by the chaperone machinery. We found that empty Ago2 exists in various closed conformations...
May 17, 2018: Molecular Cell
A Pascarella, G Ferrandino, S C Credendino, C Moccia, F D'Angelo, B Miranda, C D'Ambrosio, P Bielli, O Spadaro, M Ceccarelli, A Scaloni, C Sette, M De Felice, G De Vita, E Amendola
DNAJC17 is a heat shock protein (HSP40) family member, identified in mouse as susceptibility gene for congenital hypothyroidism. DNAJC17 knockout mouse embryos die prior to implantation. In humans, germline homozygous mutations in DNAJC17 have been found in syndromic retinal dystrophy patients, while heterozygous mutations represent candidate pathogenic events for myeloproliferative disorders. Despite widespread expression and involvement in human diseases, DNAJC17 function is still poorly understood. Herein, we have investigated its function through high-throughput transcriptomic and proteomic approaches...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Michael A Moses, Yeong Sang Kim, Genesis M Rivera-Marquez, Nobu Oshima, Matthew J Watson, Kristin E Beebe, Catherine Wells, Sunmin Lee, Abbey D Zuehlke, Hao Shao, William E Bingman, Vineet Kumar, Sanjay V Malhotra, Nancy L Weigel, Jason E Gestwicki, Jane B Trepel, Leonard M Neckers
Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is characterized by reactivation of androgen receptor (AR) signaling, in part by elevated expression of AR splice variants (ARv) including ARv7, a constitutively active, ligand binding domain (LBD)-deficient variant whose expression has been correlated with therapeutic resistance and poor prognosis. In a screen to identify small-molecule dual inhibitors of both androgen-dependent and androgen-independent AR gene signatures, we identified the chalcone C86. Binding studies using purified proteins and CRPC cell lysates revealed C86 to interact with Hsp40...
July 15, 2018: Cancer Research
F Sun, Y-Z Zuo, J Ge, J Xia, X-N Li, J Lin, C Zhang, H-L Xu, J-L Li
Transport stress affects the animal's metabolism and psychological state. As a pro-survival pathway, the heat shock response (HSR) protects healthy cells from stressors. However, it is unclear whether the HSR plays a role in transport stress-induced heart damage. To evaluate the effects of transport stress on heart damage and HSR protection, newly hatched chicks were treated with transport stress for 2 h, 4 h and 8 h. Transport stress caused decreases in body weight and increases in serum creatine kinase (CK) activity, nitric oxide (NO) content in heart tissue, cardiac nitric oxide syntheses (NOS) activity and NOS isoforms transcription...
August 1, 2018: Poultry Science
Po-An Yeh, Ya-Hsin Liu, Wei-Chen Chu, Jia-Yu Liu, Y Henry Sun
Expansion of poly-glutamine (polyQ) stretches in several proteins has been linked to neurodegenerative diseases. The effects of polyQ-expanded proteins on neurons have been extensively studied, but their effects on glia remain unclear. We found that expression of distinct polyQ proteins exclusively in all glia or specifically in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-retina barrier (BRB) glia caused cell-autonomous impairment of BBB/BRB integrity, suggesting that BBB/BRB glia are most vulnerable to polyQ-expanded proteins...
July 15, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Glaucia M S Pinheiro, Gisele C Amorim, Anwar Iqbal, C H I Ramos, Fabio C L Almeida
Protein folding in the cell is usually aided by molecular chaperones, from which the Hsp70 (Hsp = heat shock protein) family has many important roles, such as aiding nascent folding and participating in translocation. Hsp70 has ATPase activity which is stimulated by binding to the J-domain present in co-chaperones from the Hsp40 family. Hsp40s have many functions, as for instance the binding to partially folded proteins to be delivered to Hsp70. However, the presence of the J-domain characterizes Hsp40s or, by this reason, as J-proteins...
April 30, 2018: Biomolecular NMR Assignments
Rachael Y Dudaniec, Chuan Ji Yong, Lesley T Lancaster, Erik I Svensson, Bengt Hansson
Insect distributions are shifting rapidly in response to climate change and are undergoing rapid evolutionary change. We investigate the molecular signatures underlying local adaptation in the range-expanding damselfly, Ischnura elegans. Using a landscape genomic approach combined with generalized dissimilarity modelling (GDM), we detect selection signatures on loci via allelic frequency change along environmental gradients. We analyse 13,612 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), derived from restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RADseq), in 426 individuals from 25 sites spanning the I...
June 2018: Molecular Ecology
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