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Compulsive exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097034/-i-aspire-to-look-and-feel-healthy-like-the-posts-convey-engagement-with-fitness-inspiration-on-social-media-and-perceptions-of-its-influence-on-health-and-wellbeing
#1
Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J C Wright, Elise Carrotte, Rebecca Jenkinson, Kate Mulgrew, Ivanka Prichard, Megan S C Lim
BACKGROUND: Fitspiration is a popular social media trend containing images, quotes and advice related to exercise and healthy eating. This study aimed to 1) describe the types of fitspiration content that users access and how they engage with content, 2) investigate the disordered eating and exercise behaviours and psychological distress of individuals who access fitspiration, and 3) understand the perceived influence of fitspiration on health and wellbeing. METHODS: Participants who access fitspiration content were recruited via social media to complete a cross-sectional online survey...
August 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051623/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-compulsive-exercise-activity-therapy-leap-a-new-approach-to-compulsive-exercise-in-anorexia-nervosa
#2
Phillipa Hay, Stephen Touyz, Jon Arcelus, Kathleen Pike, Evelyn Attia, Ross D Crosby, Sloane Madden, Jackie Wales, Michelle La Puma, Andreea I Heriseanu, Sarah Young, Caroline Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of the compuLsive Exercise Activity theraPy (LEAP) programme integrated with manualized cognitive behavioral therapy for anorexia nervosa (CBT-AN) compared to CBT-AN alone. METHOD: Seventy-eight adults were randomized to CBT-AN, delivered with or without eight embedded sessions of LEAP, for a total of 34 individual outpatient sessions. Participants were assessed at baseline, the end of the first phase of CBT-AN (which included LEAP), mid-therapy, end of therapy, and at 3 and 6 months follow-up...
July 26, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30040508/relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport-in-male-athletes-a-commentary-on-its-presentation-among-selected-groups-of-male-athletes
#3
Louise M Burke, Graeme L Close, Bronwen Lundy, Martin Mooses, James P Morton, Adam S Tenforde
Low energy availability (LEA) is a key element of the Female Athlete Triad. Causes of LEA include failure to match high exercise energy expenditure (unintentional) or pathological behaviors of disordered eating (compulsive) and overzealous weight control programs (misguided but intentional). Recognition of such scenarios in male athletes contributed to the pronouncement of the more inclusive Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) syndrome. This commentary describes the insights and experience of the current group of authors around the apparently heightened risk of LEA in some populations of male athletes: road cyclists, rowers (lightweight and open weight), athletes in combat sports, distance runners, and jockeys...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016432/sports-interest-mediating-exercise-and-compulsive-internet-use-among-undergraduates
#4
J Ting, K P Chien, A Dhir, S Chen
With the massive growth in Internet technologies, people have become wary of excessive Internet usage, known as compulsive Internet usage or Internet addiction. This study looks into how exercise is related to compulsive Internet usage. Previous research showed varying results regarding the relationship between sports habit and Internet usage; this project clarifies the relationship by investigating mediating variables in terms of interest in different aspects of sports, such as physical education, mastering sport skills, sports participation, and watching sports...
July 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010409/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-addictions-substance-and-behavioral-prevalence-and-characteristics-in-a-multicenter-study-in-france
#5
Lucia Romo, Joel Ladner, Gayatri Kotbagi, Yannick Morvan, Dalia Saleh, Marie Pierre Tavolacci, Laurence Kern
Aim The aim of this study is to determine the possible links between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the presence of concomitant addictions with or without substance use in a French student population. Measures A battery of questionnaire measuring socioeconomic characteristics, university curriculum, ADHD (Wender Utah Rating Scale and Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale), substance consumptions (alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis), and behavioral addictions [(eating disorders (SCOFF)], Internet addiction (Internet Addiction Test), food addiction (Yale Food Addiction Scale), compulsive buying (Echeburua's), and problem gambling (The Canadian Problem Gambling Index)] and measures of physical activity (Godin's Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire) was filled up by university students in Rouen and Nanterre in France...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30002829/self-reported-quantity-compulsiveness-and-motives-of-exercise-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-healthy-controls-differences-and-similarities
#6
Sandra Schlegl, Nina Dittmer, Svenja Hoffmann, Ulrich Voderholzer
Background: Compulsive exercise (CE) is a frequent symptom in patients with eating disorders (EDs). It includes, in addition to quantitatively excessive exercise behaviour, a driven aspect and specific motives of exercise. CE is generally associated with worse therapy outcomes. The aims of the study were to compare self-reported quantity of exercise, compulsiveness of exercise as well as motives for exercise between patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and healthy controls (HC)...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984418/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-unguided-internet-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-perfectionism-in-individuals-who-engage-in-regular-exercise
#7
Emily G Valentine, Kate O Bodill, Hunna J Watson, Martin S Hagger, Robert T Kane, Rebecca A Anderson, Sarah J Egan
OBJECTIVE: Clinical perfectionism has been found to be a risk and maintaining factor in eating disorders (EDs), compulsive exercise, and athlete burnout. This study investigated whether an unguided internet cognitive-behavioral treatment (ICBT) for perfectionism would reduce ED pathology, compulsive exercise, and burnout in individuals who engage in regular exercise. METHOD: Participants were randomly allocated to intervention (n = 38) or waitlist control (n =29)...
July 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942510/running-on-empty-a-nationwide-large-scale-examination-of-compulsive-exercise-in-eating-disorders
#8
Elin Monell, Johanna Levallius, Emma Forsén Mantilla, Andreas Birgegård
Background: Compulsive exercise (CE) has been the neglected "Cinderella" among eating disorder (ED) symptoms, even though it seems to impact severity, treatment and outcome. This prompted a large-scale and systematic examination of the impact of CE in a representative ED sample. Methods: CE was examined in over 9000 female and male patients from a clinical ED database (covering out-patient, day and/or residential treatment) with respect to prevalence, ED diagnosis, ED symptoms, clinical features, patient characteristics, and outcome at 1-year follow-up...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671779/exercise-caution-questions-to-ask-adolescents-who-may-exercise-too-hard
#9
Emma Forsén Mantilla, Johanna Levallius, Elin Monell, Andreas Birgegård
When the primary goal of exercise is to compensate for food intake and to alter body shape and weight, it is considered compulsive and may be harmful. Compulsive exercise (CE) is important in the pathogenesis of eating disorders (EDs). Many healthy adolescents engage in CE too, and this may indicate a risk for EDs. Our aim was to learn more about ED risk factors tied to CE and to try to isolate questions to ask in order to probe for high ED risk in adolescents engaging in CE. Using two well-established instruments (the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior and the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire), we studied associations between ED variables and CE in healthy adolescent boys and girls...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626350/correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-in-college-women-with-eating-disorders
#10
Neha J Goel, Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit, Rachael E Flatt, Mickey Trockel, Katherine N Balantekin, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Grace E Monterubio, Marie-Laure Firebaugh, Corinna Jacobi, Denise E Wilfley, C Barr Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To identify the correlates of suicidal ideation (SI) in a large sample of college women with eating disorders (EDs). METHOD: A total of 690 female college students from 28 US colleges who screened positive for an ED, with the exception of anorexia nervosa, were assessed for SI. Univariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine independent correlates of SI. Measures included: ED psychopathology, ED behaviors (i.e., binge eating, vomiting, laxatives, compulsive exercise), current co-morbid psychopathology (i...
June 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537659/validation-of-the-exercise-and-eating-disorder-questionnaire-in-males-with-and-without-eating-disorders
#11
Marit Danielsen, Sigrid Bjørnelv, Grete Helen Bratberg, Øyvind Rø
OBJECTIVE: The need to consider gender when studying exercise in eating disorder (ED) has been underscored. The study aimed to test the psychometric properties and factor structure of the exercise and eating disorder (EED) questionnaire for males with and without ED, to highlight gender differences, and to explore issues relevant for a male version of the EED questionnaire. METHOD: This cross sectional study included 258 male participants: 55 ED patients (inpatients and outpatients) and 203 student controls...
May 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518651/the-relative-associations-of-shape-and-weight-over-evaluation-preoccupation-dissatisfaction-and-fear-of-weight-gain-with-measures-of-psychopathology-an-extension-study-in-individuals-with-anorexia-nervosa
#12
Jake Linardon, Andrea Phillipou, David Castle, Richard Newton, Philippa Harrison, Leonardo L Cistullo, Scott Griffiths, Annemarie Hindle, Leah Brennan
Recent research has demonstrated that certain components of body image (i.e., shape and weight over-evaluation, preoccupation, and dissatisfaction) in secondary school students shared a distinct clinical significance because of their differential relation to measures of psychopathology. The present study aimed to replicate and extend on these findings by examining the distinctiveness of these body image constructs, in addition to a fear of weight gain, in individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN)-a disorder this is facilitated and maintained by extreme body image concerns...
April 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486402/clinical-epidemiology-of-long-term-suicide-risk-in-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-in-south-korea
#13
Hyewon Lee, Woojae Myung, Chunsoo Lee, Junbae Choi, Ho Kim, Bernard J Carroll, Doh Kwan Kim
We investigated the effects of a large range of clinical factors on the long-term risk of suicide in the general population of South Korea. We analyzed the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (NHIS-NSC) database in South Korea. A total of 300,232 individuals were followed for up to 12 years. We obtained information on demographic variables (age and sex), lifestyle variables (cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking and exercise), psychiatric and physical disorders, laboratory examination results and physical examination findings...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441204/relationships-between-compulsive-exercise-quality-of-life-psychological-distress-and-motivation-to-change-in-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#14
Sarah Young, Stephen Touyz, Caroline Meyer, Jon Arcelus, Paul Rhodes, Sloane Madden, Kathleen Pike, Evelyn Attia, Ross D Crosby, Phillipa Hay
Background: For people with anorexia nervosa (AN), compulsive exercise is characterized by extreme concerns about the perceived negative consequences of stopping/reducing exercise, dysregulation of affect, and inflexible exercise routines. It is associated with increased eating disorder psychopathology and poor clinical outcome. However, its relationships with two important clinical issues, quality of life (QoL) and motivation to change, are currently unknown. This study aimed to assess the cross-sectional relationships between compulsive exercise, QoL, psychological distress (anxiety and depressive symptoms, and obsessive-compulsive traits) and motivation to change in patients with AN...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428333/the-fit-beauty-ideal-a-healthy-alternative-to-thinness-or-a-wolf-in-sheep-s-clothing
#15
Laura R Uhlmann, Caroline L Donovan, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Hayley S Bell, Robin A Ramme
Anecdotal testimony suggests the 'fit' female body ideal is 'healthier' than the thin ideal, because it simultaneously focuses on muscularity. However, statistical investigation into the outcomes associated with fit ideal internalisation is absent. Moderation analyses were used to investigate whether concurrent muscular internalisation mitigated the relationship between thin internalisation and; negative affect, body dissatisfaction, bulimic symptoms, and dieting. Further analyses were used to investigate whether concurrent thin internalisation amplified the relationship between muscular internalisation, compulsive exercise, and supplement use...
June 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425951/a-novel-approach-to-challenging-ocd-related-beliefs-using-a-mobile-app-an-exploratory-study
#16
María Roncero, Amparo Belloch, Guy Doron
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: According to cognitive models, obsessive compulsive symptoms result from catastrophic misinterpretations of commonly occurring intrusive experiences and the use of counterproductive strategies to manage them. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) related beliefs such as inflated responsibility, importance of thoughts and perfectionism increases the likelihood of such misinterpretations. Consistent with a growing body of literature supporting the usefulness of mobile delivered technologies in fostering cognitive behavior change, the present study assessed the effectiveness of a novel cognitive training exercise designed to challenge OCD-related beliefs...
June 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409340/exercise-addiction-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-validation-of-a-youth-version-of-the-exercise-addiction-inventory
#17
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Mark D Griffiths, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
Background Behavioral addictions often onset in adolescence and increase the risk of psychological and social problems later in life. The core symptoms of addiction are tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, lack of control, and compulsive occupation with the behavior. Psychometrically validated tools are required for detection and early intervention. Adolescent screening instruments exist for several behavioral addictions including gambling and video gaming addiction but not for exercise addiction. Given recent empirical and clinical evidence that a minority of teenagers appear to be experiencing exercise addiction, a psychometrically robust screening instrument is required...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385137/visual-attention-mediates-the-relationship-between-body-satisfaction-and-susceptibility-to-the-body-size-adaptation-effect
#18
Ian D Stephen, Daniel Sturman, Richard J Stevenson, Jonathan Mond, Kevin R Brooks
Body size misperception-the belief that one is larger or smaller than reality-affects a large and growing segment of the population. Recently, studies have shown that exposure to extreme body stimuli results in a shift in the point of subjective normality, suggesting that visual adaptation may be a mechanism by which body size misperception occurs. Yet, despite being exposed to a similar set of bodies, some individuals within a given geographical area will develop body size misperception and others will not...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260414/orthorexic-eating-behaviors-related-to-exercise-addiction-and-internal-motivations-in-a-sample-of-university-students
#19
Crystal D Oberle, Ryan S Watkins, Andrew J Burkot
PURPOSE: This research explored the exercise tendencies and motivations of individuals varying in orthorexia symptomatology. METHOD: Participants were 411 university students, who completed the Eating Habits Questionnaire alongside measures of exercise activity and addiction in Study 1 (a modified version of the Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire, the Exercise Addiction Inventory, and the Compulsive Exercise Test) and various exercise motivations in Study 2 (the Behavioural Regulations in Exercise Questionnaire and the Exercise Motivations Inventory-2)...
February 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215743/driven-exercise-in-the-absence-of-binge-eating-implications-for-purging-disorder
#20
Janet A Lydecker, Megan Shea, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Purging disorder (PD) is characterized by recurrent purging without objectively large binge-eating episodes. PD has received relatively little attention, and questions remain about the clinical significance of "purging" by exercise that is driven or compulsive (i.e., as extreme compensatory or weight-control behavior). The little available research suggests that individuals who use exercise as a compensatory behavior might have less eating-disorder psychopathology than those who purge by vomiting or laxatives, but those studies have had smaller sample sizes, defined PD using low-frequency thresholds, and defined exercise without weight-compensatory or driven elements...
February 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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