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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918864/comparison-of-emergency-medical-services-and-trauma-care-systems-among-pan-asian-countries-an-international-multicenter-population-based-survey
#1
Kyong Min Sun, Kyoung Jun Song, Sang Do Shin, Hideharu Tanaka, Goh E Shaun, Wen-Chu Chiang, Kentaro Kajino, Sabariah Faizah Jamaluddin, Akio Kimura, Young Sun Ro, Dae Han Wi, Ju Ok Park, Sung Woo Moon, Young Hee Jung, Min Jung Kim, James F Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge on the current trauma systems in Asian countries is limited. The objective of this study was to describe the emergency medical services (EMS) and trauma care systems among countries participating in the Pan-Asian Trauma Outcomes Study (PATOS) Clinical Research Network. METHODS: The PATOS network consists of 33 participating sites from 14 countries. Standardized data was collected from each site using an EMS survey form and included general information (population, population density, urbanization, EMS service fee, etc...
December 5, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918611/moisture-absorption-and-water-dynamics-in-the-powder-of-egg-albumen-peptide-met-pro-asp-ala-his-leu
#2
Shuailing Yang, Xuye Liu, Mingdi Zhang, Songyi Lin, Feng Chen
Moisture absorbed into the powder of Met-Pro-Asp-Ala-His-Leu (MPDAHL)-a novel egg albumen antioxidant peptide-profoundly affects its properties. In this study, we elucidated water dynamics in MPDAHL using DVS, DSC, and low-field (1) H NMR. Based on the DVS data, we found that MPDAHL sorption kinetics obey a parallel exponential model. DSC results indicated that both water and heating could change the microstructure of MPDAHL. The T2 parameters of NMR reflected the different phases of moisture absorption revealed that there were 4 categories of water with different states or mobility in the MPDAHL during the moisture absorption process...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918588/optimization-of-a-multi-product-intra-supply-chain-system-with-failure-in-rework
#3
Singa Wang Chiu, Shin-Wei Chen, Chih-Kai Chang, Yuan-Shyi Peter Chiu
Globalization has created tremendous opportunities, but also made business environment highly competitive and turbulent. To gain competitive advantage, management of present-day transnational firms always seeks options to trim down various transaction and coordination costs, especially in the area of controllable intra-supply chain system. This study investigates a multi-product intra-supply chain system with failure in rework. To achieve maximum machine utilization, multiple products are fabricated in succession on a single machine...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918399/the-evolution-of-the-new-provider-team-driving-cultural-change-through-data
#4
Trish Anen, Debra McElroy
Nursing executives are continually challenged to address a rapidly evolving health care system. Every aspect of care delivery is being scrutinized, yet the constant requirement remains assurance of high-quality, highly reliable care that is cost-effective and easily accessible. The nursing workforce remains visible in traditional roles as well as in new and innovative capacities, whereas nurse executives experience expanded realms of focus and responsibility. As health systems continue to adapt to the changing environment, the ability to leverage the role and scope of the advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) as a health care provider is emerging as an essential business and care strategy...
January 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918354/ethical-issues-in-transnational-eye-banking
#5
Dominique E Martin, Richard Kelly, Gary L A Jones, Heather Machin, Graeme A Pollock
PURPOSE: To review ethical issues that may arise in the setting of transnational eye banking activities, such as when exporting or importing corneal tissue for transplantation. METHODS: A principle-based normative analysis of potential common dilemmas in transnational eye banking activities was performed. RESULTS: Transnational activities in eye banking, like those in other fields involving procurement and use of medical products of human origin, may present a number of ethical issues for policy makers and professionals...
December 1, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918340/obstetrical-anal-sphincter-injuries-does-obstetrical-care-provider-matter-a-quality-assurance-study-in-ontario
#6
Katerina Pizzuto, Jessica Pudwell, Graeme N Smith, Marie-Andrée Harvey
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the rates of obstetrical anal sphincter tears (OASIS) between types of obstetrical care providers at Kingston General Hospital (KGH) and in Ontario via the Better Outcomes Registry Network (BORN). METHODS: This cross-sectional study collected patient, demographic, and delivery data from all vaginal deliveries at KGH from June 2011 to June 2014 and all vaginal deliveries through the BORN database from June 2012 to June 2014. RESULTS: During this period, 4...
December 1, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913106/innovations-in-radiotherapy-technology
#7
I J Feain, L Court, J R Palta, S Beddar, P Keall
Many low- and middle-income countries, together with remote and low socioeconomic populations within high-income countries, lack the resources and services to deal with cancer. The challenges in upgrading or introducing the necessary services are enormous, from screening and diagnosis to radiotherapy planning/treatment and quality assurance. There are severe shortages not only in equipment, but also in the capacity to train, recruit and retain staff as well as in their ongoing professional development via effective international peer-review and collaboration...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910043/production-and-characterization-of-vectors-based-on-the-cardiotropic-aav-serotype-9
#8
Erik Kohlbrenner, Thomas Weber
Vectors based on adeno-associated virus serotype 9 (AAV9) efficiently transduce cardiomyocytes in both rodents and large animal models upon either systemic or regional vector delivery. In this chapter, we describe the most widely used production and purification method of AAV9. This production approach does not depend on the use of a helpervirus but instead on transient transfection of HEK293T cells with a plasmid containing the recombinant AAV genome and a second plasmid encoding the AAV9 capsid proteins, the AAV Rep proteins and the adenoviral helper functions...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910001/the-effect-of-influence-quantities-and-detector-orientation-on-small-field-patient-specific-imrt-qa-comparison-of-measurements-with-various-ionization-chambers
#9
Henry Finlay Godson, Ravikumar Manickam, Sathiyan Saminathan, Kadirampatti Mani Ganesh, Retna Ponmalar
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) requires a patient-specific quality assurance (QA) program to validate the treatment plan and a high level of dosimetric accuracy in the treatment delivery. Dosimetric verification generally consists of both absolute- and relative-dose measurements in a phantom using ionization chambers. Measurements were carried out with three different ionization chambers (Scanditronix FC 65G, Exradin A18, and PTW PinPoint 31014) to assess the effects of influence quantities such as the stability, pre- and post-irradiation leakage, stem effect, polarity, and ion recombination on the IMRT point-dose verification with two different orientations...
December 1, 2016: Radiological Physics and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908180/a-novel-approach-to-evaluate-spatial-resolution-of-mri-clinical-images-for-optimization-and-standardization-of-breast-screening-protocols
#10
Marco Borri, Erica D Scurr, Cheryl Richardson, Marianne Usher, Martin O Leach, Maria A Schmidt
PURPOSE: Stringent quality assurance is required in MRI breast screening to ensure that different scanners and imaging protocols reach similar diagnostic performance. The authors propose a methodology, based on power spectrum analysis (PSA), to evaluate spatial resolution in clinical images. To demonstrate this approach, the authors have retrospectively compared two MRI sequences commonly employed in breast screening. METHODS: In a novel approach to PSA, spatial frequency response curves (SFRCs) were extracted from the images...
December 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908168/examining-credentialing-criteria-and-poor-performance-indicators-for-iroc-houston-s-anthropomorphic-head-and-neck-phantom
#11
Mallory E Carson, Andrea Molineu, Paige A Taylor, David S Followill, Francesco C Stingo, Stephen F Kry
PURPOSE: To analyze the most recent results of the Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core Houston Quality Assurance Center's (IROC-H) anthropomorphic head and neck (H&N) phantom to determine the nature of failing irradiations and the feasibility of altering credentialing criteria. METHODS: IROC-H's H&N phantom, used for intensity-modulated radiation therapy credentialing for National Cancer Institute-sponsored clinical trials, requires that an institution's treatment plan agrees within ±7% of measured thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) doses; it also requires that ≥85% of pixels pass ±4 mm distance to agreement (7%/4 mm gamma analysis for film)...
December 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908156/development-of-a-four-axis-moving-phantom-for-patient-specific-qa-of-surrogate-signal-based-tracking-imrt
#12
Nobutaka Mukumoto, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Masahiro Yamada, Kunio Takahashi, Mami Akimoto, Yuki Miyabe, Kenji Yokota, Shuji Kaneko, Akira Nakamura, Satoshi Itasaka, Yukinori Matsuo, Takashi Mizowaki, Masaki Kokubo, Masahiro Hiraoka
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were two-fold: first, to develop a four-axis moving phantom for patient-specific quality assurance (QA) in surrogate signal-based dynamic tumor-tracking intensity-modulated radiotherapy (DTT-IMRT), and second, to evaluate the accuracy of the moving phantom and perform patient-specific dosimetric QA of the surrogate signal-based DTT-IMRT. METHODS: The four-axis moving phantom comprised three orthogonal linear actuators for target motion and a fourth one for surrogate motion...
December 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905982/the-use-of-a-lot-quality-assurance-sampling-methodology-to-assess-and-manage-primary-health-interventions-in-conflict-affected-west-darfur-sudan
#13
Kiemanh Pham, Emily Chambers Sharpe, William M Weiss, Alexander Vu
BACKGROUND: Organizations working in conflict-affected areas have a need to monitor and evaluate their programs, however this is often difficult due to the logistical challenges of conflict areas. Lot quality assurance sampling may be a suitable method of assessing programs in these situations. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of information collected during Medair's routine program management functions. Medair's service area in West Darfur, Sudan was divided into seven supervisory areas...
October 6, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903950/shout-it-now-a-mobile-hct-model-employing-technology-and-edutainment-in-south-africa
#14
Joseph Daniels, Arnost Komarek, Bruce Forgreive, Kathryn Pahl, Stephen Stafford, Laurie Campbell Bruns, Thomas Coates
BACKGROUND: Mobile HIV counseling and testing (HCT) has been effective in reaching men, women, and adolescents in South Africa. However, there is limited understanding of effective mobile HCT programs utilizing tools like technology and edutainment to increase HIV counseling and testing rates. The authors examine data from the Shout-It-Now (S-N) program that uses such tools in South Africa. METHODS: The S-N program utilizes various forms of technology and ongoing telephonic counseling within a 6-step program of HIV testing and linkage-to-care support, and program data were analyzed over an 18-month period...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903808/setting-up-crowd-science-projects
#15
Kaja Scheliga, Sascha Friesike, Cornelius Puschmann, Benedikt Fecher
Crowd science is scientific research that is conducted with the participation of volunteers who are not professional scientists. Thanks to the Internet and online platforms, project initiators can draw on a potentially large number of volunteers. This crowd can be involved to support data-rich or labour-intensive projects that would otherwise be unfeasible. So far, research on crowd science has mainly focused on analysing individual crowd science projects. In our research, we focus on the perspective of project initiators and explore how crowd science projects are set up...
November 29, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900819/learning-outcomes-exploring-implications-of-adopting-a-different-level-of-detail
#16
H L Bateman, G I McCracken, J M Thomason, J S Ellis
INTRODUCTION: Outcome-based programmes provide a framework to support educators and learners in understanding content and end points within taught courses. Management of these outcomes in the Dental Degree at Newcastle University has been a challenge in relation to quality assurance and enhancement, having over 1500 detailed student-level outcomes (SLO). This research aimed to explore the implications of adopting a more superficial "course" level of outcome (CLO), when reviewed against a reference set of external LO requirements...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899660/cebs-a-comprehensive-annotated-database-of-toxicological-data
#17
Isabel A Lea, Hui Gong, Anand Paleja, Asif Rashid, Jennifer Fostel
The Chemical Effects in Biological Systems database (CEBS) is a comprehensive and unique toxicology resource that compiles individual and summary animal data from the National Toxicology Program (NTP) testing program and other depositors into a single electronic repository. CEBS has undergone significant updates in recent years and currently contains over 11 000 test articles (exposure agents) and over 8000 studies including all available NTP carcinogenicity, short-term toxicity and genetic toxicity studies...
November 28, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899431/monitoring-process-water-quality-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-and-partial-least-squares-regression-with-prediction-uncertainty-estimation
#18
Peter B Skou, Thilo A Berg, Stina D Aunsbjerg, Dorrit Thaysen, Morten A Rasmussen, Frans van den Berg
Reuse of process water in dairy ingredient production-and food processing in general-opens the possibility for sustainable water regimes. Membrane filtration processes are an attractive source of process-water recovery since the technology is already utilized in the dairy industry and its use is expected to grow considerably. At Arla Foods Ingredients (AFI), permeate from a reverse osmosis polisher filtration unit is sought to be reused as process water, replacing the intake of potable water. However, as for all dairy and food producers, the process-water quality must be monitored continuously to ensure food safety...
November 29, 2016: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896556/towards-standardized-automated-immunomonitoring-an-automated-elispot-assay-for-safe-and-parallelized-functionality-analysis-of-immune-cells
#19
J C Neubauer, I Sébastien, A Germann, S C Müller, A Meyerhans, H von Briesen, H Zimmermann
The ELISpot assay is used for the detection of T cell responses in clinical trials and vaccine evaluations. Standardization and reproducibility are necessary to compare the results worldwide, inter- and intra-assay variability being critical factors. To assure operator safety as well as high-quality experiment performance, the ELISpot assay was implemented on an automated liquid handling platform, a Tecan Freedom EVO. After validation of the liquid handling, automated loading of plates with cells and reagents was investigated...
November 28, 2016: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895956/steps-in-moving-evidence-based-health-informatics-from-theory-to-practice
#20
REVIEW
Michael Rigby, Farah Magrabi, Philip Scott, Persephone Doupi, Hannele Hypponen, Elske Ammenwerth
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate and promote the importance of applying a scientific process to health IT design and implementation, and of basing this on research principles and techniques. METHODS: A review by international experts linked to the IMIA Working Group on Technology Assessment and Quality Development. RESULTS: Four approaches are presented, linking to the creation of national professional expectations, adherence to research-based standards, quality assurance approaches to ensure safety, and scientific measurement of impact...
October 2016: Healthcare Informatics Research
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