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Lisa Hartling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30033789/what-are-the-features-of-targeted-or-system-wide-initiatives-that-affect-diversity-in-health-professions-trainees-a-beme-systematic-review-beme-guide-no-50
#1
Kristen Simone, Rabia A Ahmed, Jill Konkin, Sandra Campbell, Lisa Hartling, Anna E Oswald
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: There is interest to increase diversity among health professions trainees. This study aims to determine the features/effects of interventions to promote recruitment/admission of under-represented minority (URM) students to health professions programs. METHODOLOGY: This registered BEME review applied systematic methods to: title/full-text inclusion review, data extraction, and quality assessment (QA). Included studies reported outcomes for interventions designed to increase diversity of health professions education (HPE) programs' recruitment and admissions...
July 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945858/emental-healthcare-technologies-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-childhood-and-adolescence-systematic-review-of-studies-reporting-implementation-outcomes
#2
REVIEW
Lori Wozney, Patrick J McGrath, Nicole D Gehring, Kathryn Bennett, Anna Huguet, Lisa Hartling, Michele P Dyson, Amir Soleimani, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders and depression are frequent conditions in childhood and adolescence. eMental healthcare technologies may improve access to services, but their uptake within health systems is limited. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to examine and describe how the implementation of eMental healthcare technologies for anxiety disorders and depression in children and adolescents has been studied. METHODS: We conducted a search of 5 electronic databases and gray literature...
June 26, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898777/evaluation-of-the-reliability-usability-and-applicability-of-amstar-amstar-2-and-robis-protocol-for-a-descriptive-analytic-study
#3
Allison Gates, Michelle Gates, Gonçalo Duarte, Maria Cary, Monika Becker, Barbara Prediger, Ben Vandermeer, Ricardo M Fernandes, Dawid Pieper, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews (SRs) of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) can provide the best evidence to inform decision-making, but their methodological and reporting quality varies. Tools exist to guide the critical appraisal of quality and risk of bias in SRs, but evaluations of their measurement properties are limited. We will investigate the interrater reliability (IRR), usability, and applicability of A MeaSurement Tool to Assess systematic Reviews (AMSTAR), AMSTAR 2, and Risk Of Bias In Systematic reviews (ROBIS) for SRs in the fields of biomedicine and public health...
June 13, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880576/dissemination-of-evidence-in-paediatric-emergency-medicine-a-quantitative-descriptive-evaluation-of-a-16-week-social-media-promotion
#4
Allison Gates, Robin Featherstone, Kassi Shave, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
OBJECTIVES: TRanslating Emergency Knowledge for Kids (TREKK) and Cochrane Child Health collaborate to develop knowledge products on paediatric emergency medicine topics. Via a targeted social media promotion, we aimed to increase user interaction with the TREKK and Cochrane Child Health Twitter accounts and the uptake of TREKK Bottom Line Recommendations (BLRs) and Cochrane systematic reviews (SRs). DESIGN: Quantitative descriptive evaluation. SETTING: We undertook this study and collected data via the internet...
June 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871611/developing-my-asthma-diary-a-process-exemplar-of-a-patient-driven-arts-based-knowledge-translation-tool
#5
Mandy M Archibald, Lisa Hartling, Samina Ali, Vera Caine, Shannon D Scott
BACKGROUND: Although it is well established that family-centered education is critical to managing childhood asthma, the information needs of parents of children with asthma are not being met through current educational approaches. Patient-driven educational materials that leverage the power of the storytelling and the arts show promise in communicating health information and assisting in illness self-management. However, such arts-based knowledge translation approaches are in their infancy, and little is known about how to develop such tools for parents...
June 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865900/harms-of-antipsychotics-in-children-and-young-adults-a-systematic-review-update
#6
Jennifer Pillay, Khrista Boylan, Amanda Newton, Lisa Hartling, Ben Vandermeer, Megan Nuspl, Tara MacGregor, Robin Featherstone, Normand Carrey
OBJECTIVE: To update and extend our previous systematic review on first- (FGAs) and second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) for treatment of psychiatric and behavioral conditions in children, adolescents, and young adults (aged ≤24 years). This article focuses on the evidence for harms. METHOD: We searched (to April 2016) 8 databases, gray literature, trial registries, Food and Drug Administration reports, and reference lists. Two reviewers conducted study screening and selection independently, with consensus for selection...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656865/when-and-how-do-brief-alcohol-interventions-in-primary-care-reduce-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-related-consequences-among-adolescents
#7
Amanda S Newton, Christopher Mushquash, Marvin Krank, T Cameron Wild, Michele P Dyson, Lisa Hartling, Sherry H Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To systematically describe when and how brief alcohol interventions delivered to adolescents in primary care settings reduce alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences among adolescents, using realist review methodology. STUDY DESIGN: Eleven electronic databases, gray literature, and reference screening were searched up to June 2016; 11 brief interventions published in 13 studies met inclusion criteria. Intervention design components (delivery context and intervention mechanisms) underlying brief alcohol interventions for adolescents were extracted and linked to alcohol use and related consequences...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545206/response-to-dr-livia-puljak-s-letter-about-our-published-article
#8
LETTER
Allison Gates, Ben Vandermeer, Lisa Hartling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530097/technology-assisted-title-and-abstract-screening-for-systematic-reviews-a-retrospective-evaluation-of-the-abstrackr-machine-learning-tool
#9
Allison Gates, Cydney Johnson, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Machine learning tools can expedite systematic review (SR) processes by semi-automating citation screening. Abstrackr semi-automates citation screening by predicting relevant records. We evaluated its performance for four screening projects. METHODS: We used a convenience sample of screening projects completed at the Alberta Research Centre for Health Evidence, Edmonton, Canada: three SRs and one descriptive analysis for which we had used SR screening methods...
March 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467040/knowledge-sharing-between-general-and-pediatric-emergency-departments-connections-barriers-and-opportunities
#10
Leah K Crockett, Carly Leggett, Janet A Curran, Lisa Knisley, Gwenyth Brockman, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling, Mona Jabbour, Terry P Klassen
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about this topic? Evidence-based pediatric emergency care is variably applied across general and pediatric emergency departments. What did this study ask? What are the information-seeking patterns of pediatric emergency medicine network members? What did this study find? There remains a need to share successful methods of local dissemination and implementation across the network, and to leverage local professional champions such as clinical nurse liaisons. Why does this study matter to clinicians? Tailoring knowledge mobilization efforts to end-user priorities is essential to ensure impact and spread of outreach efforts...
February 22, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395475/a-systematic-review-of-parents-experiences-and-information-needs-related-to-their-child-s-urinary-tract-infection
#11
REVIEW
Allison Gates, Jocelyn Shulhan, Robin Featherstone, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
OBJECTIVE: As a first step toward the development of an animated video and infographic to increase parents' knowledge of pediatric urinary tract infections (UTIs), we conducted a systematic review of their experiences and information needs. METHODS: We searched Ovid Medline, Ovid PsycINFO, CINAHL, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global for studies published in 2000 or thereafter. We appraised quality using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. We summarised the quantitative data narratively and the qualitative data thematically...
July 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289761/technology-assisted-risk-of-bias-assessment-in-systematic-reviews-a-prospective-cross-sectional-evaluation-of-the-robotreviewer-machine-learning-tool
#12
Allison Gates, Ben Vandermeer, Lisa Hartling
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability of RobotReviewer's risk of bias judgments. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: In this prospective cross-sectional evaluation, we used RobotReviewer to assess risk of bias among 1,180 trials. We computed reliability with human reviewers using Cohen's kappa coefficient and calculated sensitivity and specificity. We investigated differences in reliability by risk of bias domain, topic, and outcome type using the chi-square test in meta-analysis...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274594/prospective-cohort-study-on-noise-levels-in-a-pediatric-cardiac-intensive-care-unit
#13
Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Ari R Joffe, Cathy Sheppard, Jodie Pugh, Elham Khodayari Moez, Irina A Dinu, Hsing Jou, Lisa Hartling, Sunita Vohra
PURPOSE: To describe noise levels in a pediatric cardiac intensive care unit, and to determine the relationship between sound levels and patient sedation requirements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective observational study at a pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU). Sound levels were measured continuously in slow A weighted decibels dB(A) with a sound level meter SoundEarPro® during a 4-week period. Sedation requirement was assessed using the number of intermittent (PRNs) doses given per hour...
April 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248724/recommendations-for-assessing-the-risk-of-bias-in-systematic-reviews-of-health-care-interventions
#14
Meera Viswanathan, Carrie D Patnode, Nancy D Berkman, Eric B Bass, Stephanie Chang, Lisa Hartling, M Hassan Murad, Jonathan R Treadwell, Robert L Kane
OBJECTIVES: Risk-of-bias assessment is a central component of systematic reviews, but little conclusive empirical evidence exists on the validity of such assessments. In the context of such uncertainty, we present pragmatic recommendations that promote transparency and reproducibility in processes, address methodological advances in the risk-of-bias assessment, and can be applied consistently across review topics. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Epidemiological study design principles; available empirical evidence, risk-of-bias tools, and guidance; and workgroup consensus...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247097/which-outcomes-are-important-to-patients-and-families-who-have-experienced-paediatric-acute-respiratory-illness-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-sequential-exploratory-study
#15
Michele P Dyson, Kassi Shave, Allison Gates, Ricardo M Fernandes, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
OBJECTIVES: To identify the outcome priorities of parents of children who had experienced an acute respiratory infection (ARI). DESIGN: This was a two-phase, mixed methods study with a sequential exploratory design. We used a cross-sectional quantitative web-based survey to elicit parents' priorities for paediatric ARI. We then used a discussion moderated via Facebook to elucidate richer descriptions of parents' priorities. SETTING: Survey and discussion data were collected via the internet...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247078/high-capacity-of-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-to-prevent-secretion-and-aggregation-of-amyloidogenic-proteins
#16
Lisa Vincenz-Donnelly, Hauke Holthusen, Roman Körner, Erik C Hansen, Jenny Presto, Jan Johansson, Ritwick Sawarkar, F Ulrich Hartl, Mark S Hipp
Protein aggregation is associated with neurodegeneration and various other pathologies. How specific cellular environments modulate the aggregation of disease proteins is not well understood. Here, we investigated how the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) quality control system handles β-sheet proteins that were designed de novo to form amyloid-like fibrils. While these proteins undergo toxic aggregation in the cytosol, we find that targeting them to the ER (ER-β) strongly reduces their toxicity. ER-β is retained within the ER in a soluble, polymeric state, despite reaching very high concentrations exceeding those of ER-resident molecular chaperones...
February 1, 2018: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242180/development-and-usability-evaluation-of-an-art-and-narrative-based-knowledge-translation-tool-for-parents-with-a-child-with-pediatric-chronic-pain-multi-method-study
#17
Kathy Reid, Lisa Hartling, Samina Ali, Anne Le, Allison Norris, Shannon D Scott
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain in childhood is increasingly being recognized as a significant clinical problem for children and their families. Previous research has identified that families want information about the causes of their child's chronic pain, treatment options, and effective strategies to help their child cope with the pain. Unfortunately, parents have reported that finding this information can be challenging. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to actively work together with children attending a pediatric chronic pain clinic and their parents to develop, refine, and evaluate the usability of an art and narrative-based electronic book (e-book) for pediatric chronic pain...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207955/classification-schemes-for-knowledge-translation-interventions-a-practical-resource-for-researchers
#18
Susan E Slaughter, Gabrielle L Zimmermann, Megan Nuspl, Heather M Hanson, Lauren Albrecht, Rosmin Esmail, Khara Sauro, Amanda S Newton, Maoliosa Donald, Michele P Dyson, Denise Thomson, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: As implementation science advances, the number of interventions to promote the translation of evidence into healthcare, health systems, or health policy is growing. Accordingly, classification schemes for these knowledge translation (KT) interventions have emerged. A recent scoping review identified 51 classification schemes of KT interventions to integrate evidence into healthcare practice; however, the review did not evaluate the quality of the classification schemes or provide detailed information to assist researchers in selecting a scheme for their context and purpose...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191232/active-versus-passive-adverse-event-reporting-after-pediatric-chiropractic-manual-therapy-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Katherine A Pohlman, Linda Carroll, Ross T Tsuyuki, Lisa Hartling, Sunita Vohra
BACKGROUND: Patient safety performance can be assessed with several systems, including passive and active surveillance. Passive surveillance systems provide opportunity for health care personnel to confidentially and voluntarily report incidents, including adverse events, occurring in their work environment. Active surveillance systems systematically monitor patient encounters to seek detailed information about adverse events that occur in work environments; unlike passive surveillance, active surveillance allows for collection of both numerator (number of adverse events) and denominator (number of patients seen) data...
December 1, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169611/the-conduct-and-reporting-of-child-health-research-an-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-published-in-2012-and-evaluation-of-change-over-5-years
#20
Allison Gates, Lisa Hartling, Ben Vandermeer, Patrina Caldwell, Despina G Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Sarah Curtis, Ricardo M Fernandes, Terry P Klassen, Katrina Williams, Michele P Dyson
OBJECTIVES: For child health randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in 2012, we aimed to describe design and reporting characteristics and evaluate changes since 2007; assess the association between trial design and registration and risk of bias (RoB); and assess the association between RoB and effect size. STUDY DESIGN: For 300 RCTs, we extracted design and reporting characteristics and assessed RoB. We assessed 5-year changes in design and reporting (based on 300 RCTs we had previously analyzed) using the Fisher exact test...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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